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1.
PLoS One ; 16(2): e0245876, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33571243

RESUMO

NUDIX hydrolase type 5 (NUDT5) is a kind of ADP-ribose pyrophosphatase and nucleotide metabolizing enzyme in cell metabolism. Previous studies have shown NUDT5 expression affected chromosome remodeling, involved in cell adhesion, cancer stem cell maintenance and epithelial to mesenchyme transition in breast cancer cells. Nevertheless, the role of NUDT5 in breast cancer progression and prognosis has not yet been systematically studied. This study explored the association of NUDT5 with the tumor development and poor prognosis in patients with breast cancer. Our results show that the levels of NUDT5 were upregulated in breast cancer cell lines and breast tumor tissues, and the expression of NUDT5 in breast tumor tissues increased significantly when compared with adjacent non-tumorous tissues by immunohistochemical staining of tissue microarrays. Breast cancer patients with high NUDT5 expression had a worse prognosis than those with low expression of NUDT5. In addition, the knockdown of NUDT5 suppressed breast cancer cell lines proliferation, migration and invasion, and dramatically inhibited the AKT phosphorylation at Thr308 and expression of Cyclin D1. The opposite effects were observed in vitro following NUDT5 rescue. Our findings indicated that the high expression of NUDT5 is probably involved in the poor prognosis of breast cancer via the activation of the AKT / Cyclin D pathways, which could be a prognostic factor and potential target in the diagnosis and treatment of breast cancer.

2.
Proteomics ; : e2000224, 2021 Jan 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33471423

RESUMO

We described a targeted mass spectrometry assay based on selected reaction monitoring (SRM) for five apolipoproteins (apoA1, apoB, apoJ, apoD, and apoE) in plasma lipoproteins isolated by anion exchange fast protein liquid chromatography using only 100 µL of plasma. We performed analytical characterization of the SRM assay and evaluated reproducibility of the entire workflow. The limit of detections for apoA1, apoB, apoD, apoJ, and apoE were 0.6, 4.6, 0.8, 1.2, and 0.7 nM, respectively; the limit of quantifications was 8.3 nM for all peptides except apoD (4.2 nM). The SRM assay was linear from 0.4 to 1667 nM. The intra-day and inter-day and total repeatability (CV%) of the assay ranged from 2.2% to 21.7% for all five peptides. The intra-day and inter-day and total reproducibility of the entire workflow ranged from 12.2% to 43.9% for all five peptides in fractionated high-density lipoprotein, low-density lipoprotein, and IDL. In the future, we will apply this workflow to investigate the association of fractionated plasma lipoproteins with amyloid deposition and cognitive changes in the context of Alzheimer's disease.

4.
BMC Pharmacol Toxicol ; 22(1): 1, 2021 Jan 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33407916

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The development of novel and effective drugs for targeted human hepatocellular carcinoma still remains a great challenge. The alkaloid nitidine chloride (NC), a component of a traditional Chinese medicine, has been shown to have anticancer properties, but doses at therapeutic levels have unacceptable side effects. Here we investigate folic acid modified D-α-tocopheryl polyethylene glycol 1000 succinate (TPGS-FA) as a potential carrier for controlled delivery of the drug. METHODS: Synthesized TPGS-FA was characterized by FTIR, UV-visible and 1H NMR spectroscopy, and TPGS loaded with NC was evaluated for its ability to induce apoptosis in Huh7 cells by Annexin V/PI and MTT assays, and observed by laser scanning confocal microscopy and inverted phase contrast microscopy. RESULTS: TPGS-FA/NC complexes were prepared successfully, and were homogenious with a uniform size of ~ 14 nm diameter. NC was released from the TPGS-FA/NC complexes in a controlled and sustained manner under physiological conditions (pH 7.4). Furthermore, its cytotoxicity to hepatocarcinoma cells was greater than that of free NC. CONCLUSIONS: TPGS-FA is shown to be useful carrier for drugs such as NC, and TPGS-FA/NC could potentially be a potent and safe drug for the treatment of hepatocellular carcinoma.

5.
Sci Rep ; 11(1): 1169, 2021 Jan 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33441925

RESUMO

Long-chain sphingomyelins (SMs) may play an important role in the stability of myelin sheath underlying physical function. The objective of this study was to examine the cross-sectional and longitudinal associations of long-chain SMs [SM (41:1), SM (41:2), SM (43:1)] and ceramides [Cer (41:1) and Cer (43:1)] with physical function in the Atherosclerosis Risk in Communities (ARIC) study. Plasma concentrations of SM (41:1), SM (41:2), SM (43:1), Cer (41:1) and Cer (43:1) were measured in 389 ARIC participants in 2011-13. Physical function was assessed by grip strength, Short Physical Performance Battery (SPPB), 4-m walking speed at both 2011-13 and 2016-17, and the modified Rosow-Breslau questionnaire in 2016-2017. Multivariable linear and logistic regression analyses were performed, controlling for demographic and clinical confounders. In cross-sectional analyses, plasma concentrations of SM 41:1 were positively associated with SPPB score (ß-coefficients [95% confidence internal]: 0.33 [0.02, 0.63] per 1 standard deviation [SD] increase in log-transformed concentration, p value 0.04), 4-m walking speed (0.042 m/s [0.01, 0.07], p value 0.003), and negatively with self-reported disability (odds ratio = 0.73 [0.65, 0.82], p value < 0.0001). Plasma concentrations of the five metabolites examined were not significantly associated with longitudinal changes in physical function or incidence of poor mobility. In older adults, plasma concentrations of long-chain SM 41:1 were cross-sectionally positively associated with physical function.

6.
Biochim Biophys Acta Mol Cell Res ; 1868(1): 118895, 2021 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33096144

RESUMO

MutT Homolog 1 (MTH1) is a mammalian 8-oxodGTPase for sanitizing oxidative damage to the nucleotide pool. Nudix type 5 (NUDT5) also sanitizes 8-oxodGDP in the nucleotide pool. The role of MTH1 and NUDT5 in non-small-cell lung cancer (NSCLC) progression and metastasis remains unclear. In the present study, we reported that MTH1 and NUDT5 were upregulated in NSCLC cell lines and tissues, and higher levels of MTH1 or NUDT5 were associated with tumor metastasis and a poor prognosis in patients with NSCLC. Their suppression also restrained tumor growth and lung metastasis in vivo and significantly inhibited NSCLC cell migration, invasion, cell proliferation and cell cycle progression while promoting apoptosis in vitro. The opposite effects were observed in vitro following MTH1 or NUDT5 rescue. In addition, the upregulation of MTH1 or NUDT5 enhanced the MAPK pathway and PI3K/AKT activity. Furthermore, MTH1 and NUDT5 induce epithelial-mesenchymal transition both in vitro and in vivo. These results highlight the essential role of MTH1 and NUDT5 in NSCLC tumor tumorigenesis and metastasis as well as their functions as valuable markers of the NSCLC prognosis and potential therapeutic targets.

7.
Cell Microbiol ; : e13294, 2020 Nov 22.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33222390

RESUMO

Gametogenesis, the formation of gametes from gametocytes, an essential step for malaria parasite transmission, is targeted by transmission-blocking drugs and vaccines. We identified a conserved protein (PBANKA_0305900) in Plasmodium berghei, which encodes a protein of 22 kDa (thus named Pb22) and is expressed in both asexual stages and gametocytes. Its homologues are present in all Plasmodium species and its closely related, Hepatocystis, but not in other apicomplexans. Pb22 protein was localised in the cytosols of schizonts, as well as male and female gametocytes. During gamete-to-ookinete development, Pb22 became localised on the plasma membranes of gametes and ookinetes. Compared to the wild-type (WT) parasites, P. berghei with pb22 knockout (KO) showed a significant reduction in exflagellation (~89%) of male gametocytes and ookinete number (~97%) during in vitro ookinete culture. Mosquito feeding assays showed that ookinete and oocyst formation of the pb22-KO line in mosquito midguts was almost completely abolished. These defects were rescued in parasites where pb22 was restored. Cross-fertilisation experiments with parasite lines defective in either male or female gametes confirmed that the defects in the pb22-KO line were restricted to the male gametes, whereas female gametes in the pb22-KO line were fertile at the WT level. Detailed analysis of male gametogenesis showed that 30% of the male gametocytes in the pb22-KO line failed to assemble the axonemes, whereas ~48.9% of the male gametocytes formed flagella but failed to egress from the host erythrocyte. To explore its transmission-blocking potential, recombinant Pb22 (rPb22) was expressed and used to immunise mice. in vitro assays showed that the rPb22-antisera significantly inhibited exflagellation by ~64.8% and ookinete formation by ~93.4%. Mosquitoes after feeding on rPb22-immunised mice also showed significant decreases in infection prevalence (83.3-93.3%) and oocyst density (93.5-99.6%). Further studies of the Pb22 orthologues in human malaria parasites are warranted.

8.
Int Immunopharmacol ; 89(Pt B): 107096, 2020 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33091818

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Toll-like receptor (TLR) signals play vital roles during the blood-stage of malaria infections. However, the roles of TLR agonists in the regulation of immune responses and the development of protective immunity to malaria remain poorly understood. METHOD: BALB/c mice were pre-treated with TLR4, TLR7 and TLR9 agonists, followed by infection with Plasmodium chabaudi. After infection, splenic dendritic cells (DCs), Th1 cells and programmed death-1 (PD-1) expressed on Th1 cells, as well as regulatory T cells (Tregs) were analyzed by flow cytometry. The levels of IFN-γ, TNF-α, TGF-ß and IL-10 in splenocytes and IgG1 and IgG2a in serum were measured by ELISA. RESULT: Administration of TLR4, TLR7 and TLR9 agonists prior to infection improved disease outcomes. All TLR agonists promoted DC activation, and the proportions of Th1 cells increased. In TLR4, TLR7 and TLR9 agonist treated groups the levels of pro-inflammatory cytokines IFN-γ and TNF-α were elevated, and IgG1 and IgG2a serum levels were also significantly increased. TLR4, TLR7 and TLR9 agonists diminished the activation of Tregs and down-regulated the anti-inflammatory cytokines TGF-ß and IL-10. Finally, PD-1 expressed on Th1 cells were decreased in TLR4, TLR7 and TLR9 agonist treated groups compared with control groups. CONCLUSION: TLR4, TLR7 and TLR9 agonists activated DC-mediated innate immune responses and adaptive immune response, which against the blood-stage of Plasmodium and might be applied to malaria protection and treatment.

9.
J Exp Clin Cancer Res ; 39(1): 221, 2020 Oct 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33081836

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Peritoneal metastasis (PM) is an important pathological process in the progression of gastric cancer (GC). The metastatic potential of tumor and stromal cells is governed by hypoxia, which is a key molecular feature of the tumor microenvironment. Mesothelial cells also participate in this complex and dynamic process. However, the molecular mechanisms underlying the hypoxia-driven mesothelial-tumor interactions that promote peritoneal metastasis of GC remain unclear. METHODS: We determined the hypoxic microenvironment in PM of nude mice by immunohistochemical analysis and screened VEGFA by human growth factor array kit. The crosstalk mediated by VEGFA between peritoneal mesothelial cells (PMCs) and GC cells was determined in GC cells incubated with conditioned medium prepared from hypoxia-treated PMCs. The association between VEGFR1 and integrin α5 and fibronectin in GC cells was enriched using Gene Set Enrichment Analysis and KEGG pathway enrichment analysis. In vitro and xenograft mouse models were used to evaluate the impact of VEGFA/VEGFR1 on gastric cancer peritoneal metastasis. Confocal microscopy and immunoprecipitation were performed to determine the effect of hypoxia-induced autophagy. RESULTS: Here we report that in the PMCs of the hypoxic microenvironment, SIRT1 is degraded via the autophagic lysosomal pathway, leading to increased acetylation of HIF-1α and secretion of VEGFA. Under hypoxic conditions, VEGFA derived from PMCs acts on VEGFR1 of GC cells, resulting in p-ERK/p-JNK pathway activation, increased integrin α5 and fibronectin expression, and promotion of PM. CONCLUSIONS: Our findings have elucidated the mechanisms by which PMCs promote PM in GC in hypoxic environments. This study also provides a theoretical basis for considering autophagic pathways or VEGFA as potential therapeutic targets to treat PM in GC.

11.
Cancer Med ; 9(22): 8612-8623, 2020 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33016643

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: AUF1 is one of the AU-rich binding proteins, which promotes rapid ARE-mRNA degradation. Recently, it has been reported that AUF1 is involved in regulating the antioxidant system because of its capacity to bind specifically to RNA containing oxidized bases and degrade oxidized RNA. Many antioxidant proteins have been reported to be overexpressed in colorectal cancer (CRC), however, the role of AUF1 in the progression of CRC has not been explored. METHODS: The expression level of AUF1 protein in human CRC cell lines and CRC tissues was detected by western blotting and immunohistochemistry (IHC. The effects of AUF1 knockdown on CRC cell proliferation, migration, invasion and changes in the signaling pathways were evaluated using a cell counting kit-8 (CCK-8), Transwell assays and western blotting. Subcutaneous xenograft tumor model was employed to further substantiate the role of AUF1 in CRC. RESULTS: AUF1 protein was upregulated in CRC tissues and CRC cells, and high expression of AUF1 was significantly associated with advanced AJCC stage (P = .001), lymph node metastasis (P = .007), distant metastasis (P = .038) and differentiation (P = .009) of CRC specimens. CRC patients with the high expression of AUF1 had an extremely poor prognosis. The knockdown of AUF1 suppressed CRC cell line proliferation, migration and invasion, inhibited CRC cells tumorigenesis and growth in nude mice, and reduced phosphorylated-ERK1/2 and phosphorylated AKT in CRC cells. CONCLUSION: Our findings demonstrate that AUF1 is probably involved in the progression of CRC via the activation of the ERK1/2 and AKT pathways. AU-rich RNA-binding factor 1 could be used as a novel prognostic biomarker and a potential therapeutic target for CRC.

12.
Foods ; 9(8)2020 Aug 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32806790

RESUMO

Musical fit refers to the congruence between music and attributes of a food or product in context, which can prime consumer behavior through semantic networks in memory. The vast majority of research on this topic dealing with musical fit in a cultural context has thus far been limited to monocultural groups in field studies, where uncontrolled confounds can potentially influence the study outcome. To overcome these limitations, and in order to explore the effects of ethnically congruent music on visual attention and food choice across cultures, the present study recruited 199 participants from China (n = 98) and Denmark (n = 101) for an in-laboratory food choice paradigm with eye-tracking data collection. For each culture group, the study used a between-subject design with half of the participants listening to only instrumental "Eastern" music and the other half only listening to instrumental "Western" music, while both groups engaged in a food choice task involving "Eastern" and "Western" food. Chi-square tests revealed a clear ethnic congruency effect between music and food choice across culture, whereby Eastern (vs. Western) food was chosen more during the Eastern music condition, and Western (vs. Eastern) food was chosen more in the Western music condition. Furthermore, results from a generalized linear mixed model suggested that Chinese participants fixated more on Western (vs. Eastern) food when Western music was played, whereas Danish participants fixated more on Eastern (vs. Western) food when Eastern music was played. Interestingly, no such priming effects were found when participants listened to music from their own culture, suggesting that music-evoked visual attention may be culturally dependent. Collectively, our findings demonstrate that ambient music can have a significant impact on consumers' explicit and implicit behaviors, while at the same time highlighting the importance of culture-specific sensory marketing applications in the global food industry.

13.
Micromachines (Basel) ; 11(9)2020 Aug 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32825153

RESUMO

Early detection and accurate diagnosis of Alzheimer's disease (AD) is essential for patient care and disease treatment. Microfluidic technology is emerging as an economical and versatile platform in disease detection and diagnosis. It can be conveniently integrated with nanotechnology and/or biological models for biomedical functional and pre-clinical treatment study. These strengths make it advantageous in disease biomarker detection and functional analysis against a wide range of biological backgrounds. This review highlights the recent developments and trends of microfluidic applications in AD research. The first part looks at the principles and methods for AD diagnostic biomarker detection and profiling. The second part discusses how microfluidic chips, especially organ-on-a-chip platforms, could be used as an independent approach and/or integrated with other technologies in AD biomimetic functional analysis.

15.
Cancer Sci ; 111(10): 3679-3692, 2020 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32762126

RESUMO

The histone demethylase Jumonji domain-containing 1A (JMJD1A) is overexpressed in multiple cancers and promotes cancer progression. However, the role and mechanism of JMJD1A in gastric cancer (GC) remains poorly understood. Here, we found that JMJD1A could suppress GC cell proliferation and xenograft tumor growth. Using RNA sequencing, we identified runt-related transcription factor 3 (RUNX3) as a novel target gene of JMJD1A. Mechanistically, we identified that JMJD1A upregulated RUNX3 through co-activating Ets-1 and reducing the H3K9me1/2 levels at the RUNX3 promoter in GC cells. Functionally, JMJD1A inhibits the growth of GC cells in vivo, which is partially dependent on RUNX3. Moreover, JMJD1A expression was decreased in GC and low expression of JMJD1A was correlated with an aggressive phenotype and a poor prognosis in patients with GC. Importantly, JMJD1A expression was positively associated with RUNX3 expression in GC samples. These studies indicated that JMJD1A upregulates RUNX3 expression via co-activation of transcription factor Ets-1 to inhibit proliferation of GC cells. Our findings provide new insight into the mechanism by which JMJD1A regulates RUNX3 transcription and suggest that JMJD1A and/or RUNX3 may be used as a therapeutic intervention for GC.

16.
Appetite ; 155: 104850, 2020 12 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32828908

RESUMO

Symptoms of food addiction have been observed in both obesity and eating disorders. The food addiction model may therefore posit a continuum of dysfunctional personality traits, including increased impulsivity and poor decision-making. The current study explored the neuroanatomy of addictive-like eating behavior from a novel triadic model of addiction. Specifically, we focused on three interacting neural systems; a sensitized impulsive, reward system associated with striatal structures, a desensitized reflective control system governed by prefrontal cortex, and a disrupted insula-mediated interoceptive system responsible for integrating and translating interoceptive, somatic signals into feelings of anticipation, desires, or cravings. Sixty-four healthy-weight Chinese university students were scanned for high-resolution structural and diffusion imaging. Data from the Yale Food Addiction Scale (YFAS), Binge Eating Scale, Eating Attitude Test-26, UPPS-P Impulsive Behavior Scale, and Delay Discounting Task were collected. Based on YFAS-score, participants were divided into a High Food Addiction group (HFA) and a Low Food Addiction group (LFA). Diffusion tensor imaging results revealed that compared to LFA, HFA had lower structural connectivity between insula and anterior cingulate cortex, insula and caudate, and ventromedial Prefrontal Cortex (vmPFC) and putamen. The Voxel-Based Morphometry analysis suggested marginally lower gray matter volume in the left vmPFC in HFA. Finally, behavioral results, indicated that higher food addiction symptoms were associated with personality traits exhibited in eating disorders including impulsive decision-making. These findings suggest that even in a healthy population, some individuals may be more susceptible to develop unhealthy relationships to food, which at least partially is manifested in lower structural connectivity between brain regions associated with interoceptive awareness, decision-making, and reward.

17.
J Neurosci Nurs ; 52(5): 257-262, 2020 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32675583

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Constipation is frequently encountered in patients undergoing brain tumor resection. Constipation has negative effects on daily living, well-being, and individuals' quality of life. We examined the impact of acupuncture and electroacupuncture (EA) stimulation on postoperative constipation for patients undergoing brain tumor resection. METHODS: Patients undergoing brain tumor resection (n = 150) were randomly divided into a nontreatment group, an acupuncture group, and an EA group. Rome III Diagnostic Criteria, Cleveland Clinic Constipation Score, symptom assessment, Patient Assessment of Constipation Quality of Life questionnaire, Self-Rating Anxiety Scale, and a Self-Rating Depression Scale were collected. RESULTS: Acupuncture and EA were effective in relieving postoperative constipation. Electroacupuncture decreased constipation and improved quality of life scores. CONCLUSION: Acupuncture and EA are novel adjuvant therapies to treat constipation.

18.
PeerJ ; 8: e9195, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32518727

RESUMO

Background: MTH1 and NUDT5 effectively degrade nucleotides containing 8-oxoguanine. MTH1 and NUDT5 have been linked to the malignancy of multiple cancers. However, their functions in tumor growth and metastasis in esophageal squamous carcinoma (ESCC) remain obscure. Our present study aims to explore their prognostic value in ESCC and investigate their function in MTH1 or NUDT5-knockout tumor cells. Methods: MTH1 and NUDT5 protein expression in ESCC adjacent normal tissues and tumor tissues was examined by immunohistochemistry staining. Kaplan-Meier curves were used to assess the association between their expression and overall survival (OS) in ESCC patients. Univariate and Multivariate Cox regression analyses were generated to determine the correlation between these protein expression and OS of ESCC patients. Protein expression in ESCC cell lines were measured by Western blotting. To explore the potential effects of the MTH1 and NUDT5 protein in ESCC, cell models with MTH1 or NUDT5 depletion were established. CCK-8, cell cycle, Western blotting, migration and invasion assays were performed. Results: Our present study demonstrated that the levels of MTH1 and NUDT5 were upregulated in ESCC cell lines and ESCC tissues, the expression of MTH1 and NUDT5 in ESCC tissues was significantly higher than in adjacent non-tumorous, and higher levels of MTH1 and NUDT5 predicted a worse prognosis in patients with ESCC. MTH1 and NUDT5 are novel biomarkers of the progression of ESCC and a poor prognosis. We also found for the first time that the high expression of NUDT5 independently predicted lower OS in patients with ESCC (hazard ratio (HR) 1.751; 95% confidence interval (CI) [1.056-2.903]; p = 0.030). In addition, the depletion of MTH1 and NUDT5 strongly suppressed the proliferation of ESCC cells and significantly delayed the G1 phase of the cell cycle. Furthermore, we found that MTH1 and NUDT5 silencing inhibited epithelial-mesenchymal transition mainly by the MAPK/MEK/ERK dependent pathway, which in turn significantly decreased the cell migration and invasion of ESCC cells. Our results suggested that the overexpression of MTH1 and NUDT5 is probably involved in the tumor development and poor prognosis of ESCC.

19.
Int J Biol Sci ; 16(12): 2235-2247, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32549768

RESUMO

The biological function of nuclear PAK4 in ERα-positive breast cancer osteolytic bone destruction remains unclear. Here, we find that the nuclear PAK4 promotes osteoclastogenesis and tumor-induced osteolysis via phosphorylating RUNX1. We show that nuclear PAK4 interacts with and phosphorylates RUNX1 at Thr-207, which induces its localization from the nucleus to the cytoplasm and influences direct interaction with SIN3A/HDAC1 and PRMT1. Furthermore, we reveal that RUNX1 phosphorylation by PAK4 at Thr-207 promotes osteolytic bone destruction via targeting downstream genes related to osteoclast differentiation and maturation. Importantly, we verify changes in RUNX1 subcellular localization when nuclear PAK4 is positive in breast cancer bone metastasis tissues. Functionally, we demonstrate that RUNX1 phosphorylation promotes osteolytic bone maturation and ERα-positive breast cancer-induced osteolytic bone damage in the mouse model of orthotopic breast cancer bone metastasis. Our results suggest PAK4 can be a therapeutic target for ERα-positive breast cancer osteolytic bone destruction.

20.
Neurobiol Aging ; 93: 52-54, 2020 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32450444

RESUMO

It is unclear whether cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) phosphatidylcholines (PCs) are associated with neuroimaging measures of amyloid deposition and neurodegeneration (glucose metabolism, cortical thickness, and hippocampal volume), cognitive decline, or risk of mild cognitive impairment (MCI) among cognitively unimpaired older adults. This study investigated the associations of 19 individual CSF PC concentrations and their total sum with cross-sectional and longitudinal measures of amyloid deposition and neurodegeneration, global and domain-specific cognitive z-scores, and risk of MCI among 655 cognitively unimpaired participants, mean age of 71 years, enrolled in the Mayo Clinic Study of Aging. Neither the CSF total PC concentration nor individual CSF PCs were cross-sectionally or longitudinally associated with neuroimaging measures, cognition, or risk of MCI.

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