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1.
Prenat Diagn ; 2020 Jan 29.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31994750

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study is to explore the utility of rapid medical trio exome sequencing (ES) for prenatal diagnosis using the skeletal dysplasia as an exemplar. METHOD: Pregnant women who were referred for genetic testing because of ultrasound detection of fetal abnormalities suggestive of a skeletal dysplasia were identified prospectively. Fetal samples (amniocytes or cord blood), along with parental blood, were send for rapid copy number variations testing and medical trio ES in parallel. RESULTS: Definitive molecular diagnosis was made in 24/27 (88.9%) cases. Chromosomal abnormality (partial trisomy 18) was detected in one case. Sequencing results had explained the prenatal phenotype enabling definitive diagnoses to be made in 23 cases. There were 16 de novo dominant pathogenic variants, four dominant pathogenic variants inherited maternally or paternally, two recessive conditions with pathogenic variants inherited from unaffected parents, and one X-linked condition. The turnaround time from receipt of samples in the laboratory to reporting sequencing results was within 2 weeks. CONCLUSION: Medical trio ES can yield very timely and high diagnostic rates in fetuses presenting with suspected skeletal dysplasia. These definite diagnoses aided parental counseling and decision making in most of cases.

2.
J Cell Biochem ; 2020 Jan 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31961017

RESUMO

The pluripotent mouse embryonal carcinoma cell line P19 is widely used as a model for research on all-trans-retinoid acid (RA)-induced neuronal differentiation; however, the signaling pathways involved in this process remain unclear. This study aimed to reveal the molecular mechanism underlying the RA-induced neuronal differentiation of P19 cells. Real-time quantitative polymerase chain reaction and Western blot analysis were used to determine the expression of neuronal-specific markers, whereas flow cytometry was used to analyze cell cycle and cell apoptosis. The expression profiles of messenger RNAs (mRNAs) in RA-induced neuronal differentiation of P19 cells were analyzed using high-throughput sequencing, and the functions of differentially expressed mRNAs (DEMs) were determined by bioinformatics analysis. RA induced an increase in both class III ß-tubulin (TUBB3) and neurofilament medium (NEFM) mRNA expression, indicating that RA successfully induces neuronal differentiation of P19 cells. Cell apoptosis was not affected; however, cell proliferation decreased. We found 4117 DEMs, which were enriched in the phosphoinositide 3-kinase/protein kinase B (PI3K/Akt) signaling pathway, Wnt signaling pathway, and cell cycle. Particularly, a few DEMs could be identified in the PI3K/Akt signaling pathway networks, such as PI3K, Akt, glycogen synthase kinase-3ß (GSK3ß), cyclin-dependent kinase 4 (CDK4), P21, and Bax. RA significantly increased the protein expression of PI3K, Akt, phosphorylated Akt, GSK3ß, phosphorylated GSK3ß, CDK4, and P21, but it reduced Bax protein expression. The Akt inhibitor affected the increase of TUBB3 and NEFM mRNA expression in RA-induced P19 cells. The molecular mechanism underlying the RA-induced neuronal differentiation of P19 cells is potentially involved in the PI3K/Akt/GSK3ß signaling pathway. The decreased cell proliferation ability of neuronally differentiated P19 cells could be associated with the expression of cell cycle proteins.

4.
J Matern Fetal Neonatal Med ; : 1-5, 2019 Dec 18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31852294

RESUMO

Objective: In this study, we report the indications for prenatal cytogenetic diagnosis of triploid cases, in an attempt to identify clues to early diagnosis.Study design: This was a retrospective analysis of prenatal cases of triploidy during a 9-year period at mainland China. Clinical data were reviewed for these cases, including maternal demographics, indications for invasive testing, fetal ultrasound findings, and pregnancy outcomes.Results: A total of 22 singleton pregnancies affected with triploid fetuses were detected. The fetal karyotype included 69,XXX (72.7%) and 69,XXY (27.3%). Eighteen cases were identified by the first trimester screening program. One case was missed by maternal cell-free DNA testing, but detected by second trimester anatomy scan. Three cases escaped the first trimester screening and were detected by second trimester anatomy scan.Conclusions: The present study demonstrates that most triploid cases can be diagnosed prenatally during the first trimester. The early asymmetrical fetal growth restriction, structural anomalies, and extremely high risk serum screening result for trisomy 21 or 18 should alert the physicians to the investigation of triploidy.Key Message: Ultrasound-based first-trimester screening plays a major role in early diagnosis of fetal triploidy. Future replacement of routine first-trimester screening by cell-DNA testing might miss the chance of early diagnosis and management of triploid pregnancies.

6.
Taiwan J Obstet Gynecol ; 58(6): 798-800, 2019 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31759530

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to evaluate the usefulness of ultrasound in pregnancies with a positive non-invasive prenatal testing (NIPT) result for trisomy 18/13. MATERIALS AND METHODS: During a four-year period, the pregnant women who were referred for invasive genetic testing because of positive NIPT results for trisomy 18/13 were included in this study. An in-depth ultrasound was done for these patients before invasive procedures. The data of fetal ultrasound and cytogenetic results were collected. RESULTS: There were 81 patients with a positive NIPT result for trisomy 18/13, including 39 (30 positive for trisomy 18; 9 positive for trisomy 13) within 12-14 weeks of gestation, and 42 (31 positive for trisomy 18; 11 positive for trisomy 13) within 15-22 weeks. The PPV of NIPT was 60.7% for trisomy 18, and 30% for trisomy 13, respectively. When adding ultrasound to NIPT, the new PPV for trisomy 18 was 100%, and the negative predictive value (NPV) was 92.3%, with a NPV of 85.7% in the first trimester and a NPV of 100% in the second trimester, respectively. The new PPV and NPV for trisomy 13 were 100% and 100%, respectively. CONCLUSION: By adding ultrasound to the NIPT, we achieved much higher PPVs and NPVs for trisomy 18/13. A normal scan can help to alleviate stress in parents caused by false positive NIPT results.

7.
Hemoglobin ; 43(4-5): 289-291, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31690135

RESUMO

A female of Chinese origin carried the codon 43 (G>T) (HBB: c.130G > T) and codons 71/72 (+A) (HBB: c.216_217insA) mutations of the ß-globin gene in cis, identified during prenatal thalassemia screening. The double in cis mutations were inherited from her mother. Both of the two carriers behave as a traditional heterozygote for ß-thalassemia (ß-thal) with microcytosis and a high Hb A2 level. This case report indicates that the possibility of multiple mutations in cis in a fetus with thalassemia trait has to be considered in a prenatal screening program.

8.
Hemoglobin ; 43(4-5): 292-295, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31645145

RESUMO

In this study, we report on a compound heterozygote for variants in the key erythroid transcription factor Krüppel-like factor 1 (KLF1) gene in a patient who presented with severe, transfusion-dependent hemolytic anemia. The red cells were normochromic and normocytic, and resembled those seen in patients with congenital nonspherocytic hemolytic anemia (CNSHA). Next generation sequencing (NGS) revealed that the patient was a compound heterozygote for the KLF1 frameshift variant c.519_525dup (p.Gly176ArgfsTer179) and a missense variant c.1012C>A (p.Pro338Thr). This report adds to the wide clinical spectrum of KLF1 gene variants. We suggest that loss of KLF1 should be considered in otherwise unexplained cases of congenital hemolytic anemia.

13.
J Matern Fetal Neonatal Med ; : 1-121, 2019 Aug 25.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31446820

RESUMO

Objective: Only a small number of reports have been made on the prenatal ultrasound findings observed in 1p36 deletion syndrome. We explored prenatal diagnosis of 1p36 deletion by ultrasound as well as chromosomal microarray (CMA), and delineated the fetal presentation of this syndrome. Study design: This was a retrospective analysis of ten new prenatal cases of 1p36 deletion identified by CMA at a single Chinese medical center. Clinical data were reviewed for these cases, including maternal demographics, indications for invasive testing, sonographic findings, CMA results and pregnancy outcomes. Results: One case was diagnosed because of a positive cell-free DNA (cfDNA) testing result for terminal 1p deletion, and the remaining nine cases were identified because of an abnormal ultrasound findings, including early miscarriage, structural abnormalities and fetal growth restriction. CMA revealed 1p36 deletions to be terminal in six cases, and interstitial in four cases. Deletion sizes ranged from 1.7 to 42.7 Mb. Conclusions: Prenatal findings such as cardiac malformations, especially Ebstein anomaly, and fetal growth retardation should warrant the diagnosis of 1p36 deletion and invasive genetic testing using CMA.

18.
Hemoglobin ; 43(2): 145-147, 2019 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31268351

RESUMO

More than 900 abnormal hemoglobin (Hb) ß chain variants have now been characterized. The majority are due to point mutations resulting in a single amino acid substitution within the globin gene involved, with nearly twice as many ß chain variants identified compared to α chain variants. Although most of these variants are clinically and hematologically silent, they can interact with different thalassemia mutations, which could sometimes render laboratory diagnostics in a routine setting difficult. In this study, we present a case of coinheritance of Hb City of Hope [ß69(E13)Gly→Ser; HBB: c.208G>A] and ß-thalassemia (ß-thal), that compromises the molecular diagnosis of ß-thal trait.


Assuntos
Códon/genética , Hemoglobinas Anormais/genética , Mutagênese Insercional , Patologia Molecular/métodos , Globinas beta/genética , Talassemia beta/diagnóstico , Hemoglobinopatias/genética , Heterozigoto , Humanos
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