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1.
Eur J Clin Nutr ; 2020 Feb 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32060383

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Riboflavin deficiency confers a predisposition for esophageal cancer. The role of plasma riboflavin levels in development and prognosis of individuals with digestive tract inflammation and ulcer (DTIU), digestive tract polyps (DTPs), and ESCC is not well understood. METHODS: We performed a cross-sectional study, including 177 DTIU, 80 DTP, and 324 ESCC cases, to measure the plasma riboflavin levels among the three populations. Correlation between plasma riboflavin levels (categorized as ≥31.8, 6.5-31.8 and ≤6.5 nmol/L groups) and clinical characteristics, as well as survival of ESCC patients (556 cases) was analyzed. RESULTS: There was no difference in plasma riboflavin levels between DTIU, DTP, and ESCC cases (P > 0.05). Plasma riboflavin levels were inversely correlated with invasive depth (correlation coefficient = -0.09, P = 0.026) and lymph node metastasis (correlation coefficient = -0.11, P = 0.010) of ESCC, and ESCC patients with low riboflavin levels had poor recurrence-free survival (P = 0.035) and overall survival (P = 0.003). Decreased riboflavin was a prognostic factor for poor overall survival (HR = 1.91, 95% CI = 1.19-3.07, P = 0.007). CONCLUSIONS: Plasma riboflavin levels in DTIU, DTP, and ESCC patients are similar. Plasma riboflavin levels are associated with the development and prognosis of ESCC.

2.
EBioMedicine ; 51: 102566, 2020 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31901863

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Early detection would improve upper gastrointestinal cancer prognosis. We aimed to identify serum protein biomarker for the detection of early-stage upper gastrointestinal cancer. METHODS: We performed a three-tiered study including 2028 participants from three medical centres. First, we applied two different antibody arrays to screen candidate serum proteins that increased in 20 patients with oesophageal squamous cell carcinoma (ESCC) compared with 20 normal controls. We then evaluated the selected protein by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay in 1064 participants including 731 upper gastrointestinal cancer patients (287 ESCCs, 237 oesophagogastric junction adenocarcinomas (EJAs), and 207 stomach cancers) and 333 normal controls. The diagnostic value of the selected protein was finally validated in two independent cohorts of ESCC patients and controls (n=472 and 452, respectively). The receiver operating characteristic was used to calculate diagnostic accuracy. FINDINGS: Serum insulin-like growth factor binding protein-1 (IGFBP-1) identified in both antibody arrays showed significantly elevated levels in upper gastrointestinal cancers, compared with normal controls. Serum IGFBP-1 provided high diagnostic accuracy of early-stage ESCC, EJA, stomach and cancer (areas under the curve: 0·898, 0·936 and 0·864, respectively). This protein maintained diagnostic performance for early-stage ESCC in independent cohorts 1 and 2 (0·849 and 0·911, respectively). Additionally, serum levels of IGFBP-1 dropped significantly after surgical resection of primary tumours, compared with the corresponding pre-operative ESCC samples (p < 0·05). INTERPRETATION: Serum IGFBP-1 represents a promising diagnostic biomarker to detect early-stage upper gastrointestinal cancer.

3.
Cancer Lett ; 475: 65-78, 2020 Jan 22.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31981606

RESUMO

Despite therapeutic advances, resistance to chemotherapy remains a major challenge to patients with malignancies. Rho GTPases are essential for the development and progression of various diseases including cancer, and a vast number of studies have linked Rho GTPases to chemoresistance. Therefore, understanding the underlying mechanisms can expound the effects of Rho GTPases towards chemotherapeutic agents, and targeting Rho GTPases is a promising strategy to downregulate the chemo-protective pathways and overcome chemoresistance. Importantly, exceptions in certain biological conditions and interactions among the members of Rho GTPases should be noted. In this review, we focus on the role of Rho GTPases, particularly Rac1, in regulating chemoresistance and provide an overview of their related mechanisms and available inhibitors, which may offer novel options for future targeted cancer therapy.

4.
Aging (Albany NY) ; 12(2): 1332-1365, 2020 Jan 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31962291

RESUMO

Aberrant DNA methylation leads to abnormal gene expression, making it a significant regulator in the progression of cancer and leading to the requirement for integration of gene expression with DNA methylation. Here, we identified 120 genes demonstrating an inverse correlation between DNA methylation and mRNA expression in esophageal squamous cell carcinoma (ESCC). Sixteen key genes, such as SIX4, CRABP2, and EHD3, were obtained by filtering 10 datasets and verified in paired ESCC samples by qRT-PCR. 5-Aza-dC as a DNA methyltransferase (DNMT) inhibitor could recover their expression and inhibit clonal growth of cancer cells in seven ESCC cell lines. Furthermore, 11 of the 16 genes were correlated with OS (overall survival) and DFS (disease-free survival) in 125 ESCC patients. ChIP-Seq data and WGBS data showed that DNA methylation and H3K27ac histone modification of these key genes displayed inverse trends, suggesting that there was collaboration between DNA methylation and histone modification in ESCC. Our findings illustrate that the integrated multi-omics data (transcriptome and epigenomics) can accurately obtain potential prognostic biomarkers, which may provide important insight for the effective treatment of cancers.

5.
Gut Liver ; 2019 Dec 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31822054

RESUMO

Background/Aims: Esophagogastric junction adenocarcinoma (EJA) is a malignant tumor associated with high morbidity and has attracted increasing attention due to a rising incidence and low survival rate. Pathological biopsy is the gold standard for diagnosis, but noninvasive and effective tests are lacking, resulting in diagnoses at advanced stages. This study explored the diagnostic value of insulin-like growth factor binding protein 7 (IGFBP7) in EJA. Methods: A total of 120 EJA patients and 88 normal controls were recruited, and their serum levels of IGFBP7 were measured by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay. Receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve analysis was used to assess the diagnostic value, and Pearson chi-square analysis was used to evaluate the correlation between IGFBP7 and clinical parameters. Kaplan-Meier survival analysis was carried out to assess the effect of IGFBP7 on overall survival (OS). Results: The levels of IGFBP7 were higher in both early- and late-stage EJA patients than in normal controls (p<0.001). The area under the ROC curve for EJA patients was 0.794 (95% confidence interval [CI], 0.733 to 0.854), with a cutoff value of 2.716 ng/mL, a sensitivity of 63.3% (95% CI, 54.0% to 71.8%) and a specificity of 90.9% (95% CI, 82.4% to 95.7%). For the diagnosis of early-stage EJA, the same cutoff value and specificity were obtained, but the sensitivity of IGFBP7 was 54.3% (95% CI, 36.9% to 70.8%). Patients with low IGFBP7 protein expression had lower OS than those with high expression (p=0.034). The multivariate analysis showed that IGFBP7 is an independent prognostic factor for EJA (p=0.011). Conclusions: Serum IGFBP7 acts as a potential diagnostic and prognostic marker for EJA.

6.
Am J Cancer Res ; 9(11): 2469-2481, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31815047

RESUMO

Epidemiological studies in high-incidence areas of esophageal cancer in China suggest that environmental carcinogen N-nitrosomethylbenzylamine (NMBA) and riboflavin (RBF) deficiency may be the main risk factors for esophageal cancer. However, it is not clear that the combination induces cancer. Here, experiment (Exp) 1 evaluated the effects of NMBA and RBF deficiency individually or in combination on esophageal tumorigenesis. Male F344 rats were randomly assigned to 4 groups into a 2 (no NMBA vs. NMBA) × 2 (normal RBF vs. RBF-deficient) factorial design, including normal RBF (6 mg/kg, R6), RBF-deficient (0 mg/kg, R0), normal RBF combined with NMBA (R6N), and RBF-deficient combined with NMBA (R0N) groups. The Exp 2 explored the effects of RBF deficiency at different doses combined with NMBA (0.6 mg/kg, R0.6N; 0.06 mg/kg, R0.06N) on esophageal tumorigenesis. Results showed that R0N enhanced the incidence of esophageal intraepithelial neoplasia (EIN, 53.3%, P = 0.06), including carcinoma in situ, whereas R6N mainly induced the occurrence of esophageal benign hyperplasia (38.9%) and EIN (16.7%). RBF deficiency promotes EIN in a dose-dependent manner, and R0.06N significantly increases the incidence of EIN (57.9%, P < 0.05). Gene expression profiling demonstrated that inflammatory cytokines were highly expressed in R0N EIN tissues, whereas R6N EIN tissues had a proliferation and differentiation gene signature (fold-change > 1.5). Furthermore, RBF deficiency aggravated oxidative DNA damage (8-OHdG) and double-strand breaks (γH2AX) (P < 0.05). Our results suggest that RBF deficiency causes chronic inflammation-associated genomic instability contributes to NMBA-induced esophageal tumorigenesis.

7.
Biomed Res Int ; 2019: 3869825, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31815134

RESUMO

Flavoproteins and their interacting proteins play important roles in mitochondrial electron transport, fatty acid degradation, and redox regulation. However, their clinical significance and function in esophageal squamous cell carcinoma (ESCC) are little known. Here, using survival analysis and machine learning, we mined 179 patient expression profiles with ESCC in GSE53625 from the Gene Expression Omnibus (GEO) database and constructed a signature consisting of two flavoprotein genes (GPD2 and PYROXD2) and four flavoprotein interacting protein genes (CTTN, GGH, SRC, and SYNJ2BP). Kaplan-Meier analysis revealed the signature was significantly associated with the survival of ESCC patients (mean survival time: 26.77 months in the high-risk group vs. 54.97 months in the low-risk group, P < 0.001, n = 179), and time-dependent ROC analysis demonstrated that the six-gene signature had good predictive ability for six-year survival for ESCC (AUC = 0.86, 95% CI: 0.81-0.90). We then validated its prediction performance in an independent set by RT-PCR (mean survival: 15.73 months in the high-risk group vs. 21.1 months in the low-risk group, P=0.032, n = 121). Furthermore, RNAi-mediated knockdown of genes in the flavoprotein signature led to decreased proliferation and migration of ESCC cells. Taken together, CTTN, GGH, GPD2, PYROXD2, SRC, and SYNJ2BP have an important clinical significance for prognosis of ESCC patients, suggesting they are efficient prognostic markers and potential targets for ESCC therapy.

8.
Biomed Res Int ; 2019: 9828637, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31886273

RESUMO

To precisely predict the clinical outcome and determine the optimal treatment options for patients with esophageal squamous cell carcinoma (ESCC) remains challenging. Prognostic models based on multiple molecular markers of tumors have been shown to have superiority over the use of single biomarkers. Our previous studies have identified the crucial role of ezrin in ESCC progression, which prompted us to hypothesize that ezrin-associated proteins contribute to the pathobiology of ESCC. Herein, we explored the clinical value of a molecular model constructed based on ezrin-associated proteins in ESCC patients. We revealed that the ezrin-associated proteins (MYC, PDIA3, and ITGA5B1) correlated with the overall survival (OS) and disease-free survival (DFS) of patients with ESCC. High expression of MYC was associated with advanced pTNM-stage (P=0.011), and PDIA3 and ITGA5B1 were correlated with both lymph node metastasis (PDIA3: P < 0.001; ITGA5B1: P=0.001) and pTNM-stage (PDIA3: P=0.001; ITGA5B1: P=0.009). Furthermore, we found that, compared with the current TNM staging system, the molecular model elicited from the expression of MYC, PDIA3, and ITGA5B1 shows higher accuracy in predicting OS (P < 0.001) or DFS (P < 0.001) in ESCC patients. Moreover, ROC and regression analysis demonstrated that this model was an independent predictor for OS and DFS, which could also help determine a subgroup of ESCC patients that may benefit from chemoradiotherapy. In conclusion, our study has identified a novel molecular prognosis model, which may serve as a complement for current clinical risk stratification approaches and provide potential therapeutic targets for ESCC treatment.

9.
Front Genet ; 10: 915, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31636653

RESUMO

Esophageal squamous cell carcinoma is a leading cause of cancer death. Mapping the transcriptional landscapes such as isoforms, fusion transcripts, as well as long noncoding RNAs have played a central role to understand the regulating mechanism during malignant processes. However, canonical methods such as short-read RNA-seq are difficult to define the entire polyadenylated RNA molecules. Here, we combined single-molecule real-time sequencing with RNA-seq to generate high-quality long reads and to survey the transcriptional program in esophageal squamous cells. Compared with the recent annotations of human transcriptome (Ensembl 38 release 91), single-molecule real-time data identified many unannotated transcripts, novel isoforms of known genes and an expanding repository of long intergenic noncoding RNAs (lincRNAs). By integrating with annotation of lincRNA catalog, 1,521 esophageal-cancer-specific lincRNAs were defined from single-molecule real-time reads. Kyoto Encyclopedia of Genes and Genomes enrichment analysis indicated that these lincRNAs and their target genes are involved in a variety of cancer signaling pathways. Isoform usage analysis revealed the shifted alternative splicing patterns, which can be recaptured from clinical samples or supported by previous studies. Utilizing vigorous searching criteria, we also detected multiple transcript fusions, which are not documented in current gene fusion database or readily identified from RNA-seq reads. Two novel fusion transcripts were verified based on real-time PCR and Sanger sequencing. Overall, our long-read single-molecule sequencing largely expands current understanding of full-length transcriptome in esophageal cells and provides novel insights on the transcriptional diversity during oncogenic transformation.

10.
World J Gastroenterol ; 25(34): 5049-5068, 2019 Sep 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31558856

RESUMO

Esophageal squamous cell carcinoma (ESCC) and esophagogastric junction adenocarcinoma (EGJA) are the two main types of gastrointestinal cancers that pose a huge threat to human health. ESCC remains one of the most common malignant diseases around the world. In contrast to the decreasing prevalence of ESCC, the incidence of EGJA is rising rapidly. Early detection represents one of the most promising ways to improve the prognosis and reduce the mortality of these cancers. Current approaches for early diagnosis mainly depend on invasive and costly endoscopy. Non-invasive biomarkers are in great need to facilitate earlier detection for better clinical management of patients. Tumor-associated autoantibodies can be detected at an early stage before manifestations of clinical signs of tumorigenesis, making them promising biomarkers for early detection and monitoring of ESCC and EGJA. In this review, we summarize recent insights into the iden-tification and validation of tumor-associated autoantibodies for the early detection of ESCC and EGJA and discuss the challenges remaining for clinical validation.

11.
Cancer Res ; 79(19): 4951-4964, 2019 Oct 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31409639

RESUMO

Lysyl oxidase-like 2 (LOXL2), a copper-dependent enzyme of the lysyl oxidase family and its nonsecreted, catalytically dead spliced isoform L2Δ13, enhance cell migration and invasion, stimulate filopodia formation, modulate the expression of cytoskeletal genes, and promote tumor development and metastasis in vivo. We previously showed that LOXL2 reorganizes the actin cytoskeleton in esophageal squamous cell carcinoma (ESCC) cells, however, the underlying molecular mechanisms were not identified. Here, using interactome analysis, we identified ezrin (EZR), fascin (FSCN1), heat shock protein beta-1 (HSPB1), and tropomodulin-3 (TMOD3) as actin-binding proteins that associate with cytoplasmic LOXL2, as well as with its L2Δ13 variant. High levels of LOXL2 and L2Δ13 and their cytoskeletal partners correlated with poor clinical outcome in patients with ESCC. To better understand the significance of these interactions, we focused on the interaction of LOXL2 with ezrin. Phosphorylation of ezrin at T567 was greatly reduced following depletion of LOXL2 and was enhanced following LOXL2/L2Δ13 reexpression. Furthermore, LOXL2 depletion inhibited the ability of ezrin to promote tumor progression. These results suggest that LOXL2-induced ezrin phosphorylation, which also requires PKCα, is critical for LOXL2-induced cytoskeletal reorganization that subsequently promotes tumor cell invasion and metastasis in ESCC. In summary, we have characterized a novel molecular mechanism that mediates, in part, the protumorigenic activity of LOXL2. These findings may enable the future development of therapeutic agents targeting cytoplasmic LOXL2. SIGNIFICANCE: LOXL2 and its spliced isoform L2Δ13 promote cytoskeletal reorganization and invasion of esophageal cancer cells by interacting with cytoplasmic actin-binding proteins such as ezrin.

12.
Mol Oncol ; 13(9): 2010-2030, 2019 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31314174

RESUMO

Development of chemoresistance remains a major challenge in treating esophageal squamous cell carcinoma (ESCC) patients despite treatment advances. However, the role of RAC1 in chemoresistance of ESCC and the underlying mechanisms remain largely unknown. In this study, we found that higher levels of RAC1 expression were associated with poorer prognosis in ESCC patients. Enhanced RAC1 expression increased cell proliferation, migration, and chemoresistance in vitro. Combination therapy using RAC1 inhibitor EHop-016 and cisplatin significantly promoted cell viability inhibition, G2/M phase cycle arrest, and apoptosis when compared to each monotherapy. Mechanistically, glycolysis was significantly downregulated in the RAC1 inhibitor monotherapy group and the combination group via inhibiting AKT/FOXO3a signaling when compared to the control group. Moreover, the silencing of RAC1 inhibited AKT/FOXO3a signaling and cell glycolysis while the upregulation of RAC1 produced an opposite effect. In murine xenograft models, the tumor volume and the expression of glycolytic enzymes were significantly reduced in combination therapy when compared to each monotherapy group. Overall, our study demonstrates that targeting RAC1 with an inhibitor overcomes cisplatin resistance in ESCC by suppressing glycolytic enzymes, which provides a promising strategy for treatment of ESCC in clinical practice.

13.
Nucleic Acids Res ; 47(W1): W516-W522, 2019 Jul 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31147700

RESUMO

As more and more high-throughput data has been produced by next-generation sequencing, it is still a challenge to classify RNA transcripts into protein-coding or non-coding, especially for poorly annotated species. We upgraded our original coding potential calculator, CNCI (Coding-Non-Coding Index), to CNIT (Coding-Non-Coding Identifying Tool), which provides faster and more accurate evaluation of the coding ability of RNA transcripts. CNIT runs âˆ¼200 times faster than CNCI and exhibits more accuracy compared with CNCI (0.98 versus 0.94 for human, 0.95 versus 0.93 for mouse, 0.93 versus 0.92 for zebrafish, 0.93 versus 0.92 for fruit fly, 0.92 versus 0.88 for worm, and 0.98 versus 0.85 for Arabidopsis transcripts). Moreover, the AUC values of 11 animal species and 27 plant species showed that CNIT was capable of obtaining relatively accurate identification results for almost all eukaryotic transcripts. In addition, a mobile-friendly web server is now freely available at http://cnit.noncode.org/CNIT.

14.
Theranostics ; 9(6): 1599-1613, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31037126

RESUMO

Rationale: Dysregulated microRNA (miRNA) expressions in cancer can contribute to chemoresistance. This study aims to identify miRNAs that are associated with fluorouracil (5-FU) chemoresistance in esophageal squamous cell carcinoma (ESCC). The potential of miR-29c as a novel diagnostic, prognostic and treatment-predictive marker in ESCC, and its mechanisms and therapeutic implication in overcoming 5-FU chemoresistance were explored. Methods: The miRNA profiles of an ESCC cell model with acquired chemoresistance to 5-FU were analyzed using a Taqman miRNA microarray to identify novel miRNAs associated with 5-FU chemoresistance. Quantitative real-time PCR was used to determine miR-29c expression in tissue and serum samples of patients. Bioinformatics, gain- and loss-of-function experiments, and luciferase reporter assay were performed to validate F-box only protein 31 (FBXO31) as a direct target of miR-29c, and to identify potential transcription factor binding events that control miR-29c expression. The potential of systemic miR-29c oligonucleotide-based therapy in overcoming 5-FU chemoresistance was evaluated in tumor xenograft model. Results: MiR-29c, under the regulatory control of STAT5A, was frequently downregulated in tumor and serum samples of patients with ESCC, and the expression level was correlated with overall survival. Functional studies showed that miR-29c could override 5-FU chemoresistance in vitro and in vivo by directly interacting with the 3'UTR of FBXO31, leading to repression of FBXO31 expression and downstream activation of p38 MAPK. Systemically administered miR-29c dramatically improved response of 5-FU chemoresistant ESCC xenografts in vivo. Conclusions: MiR-29c modulates chemoresistance by interacting with FBXO31, and is a promising non-invasive biomarker and therapeutic target in ESCC.

15.
Int J Biochem Cell Biol ; 112: 79-87, 2019 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31082616

RESUMO

Ezrin plays an important role in the development and progression of human esophageal squamous cell carcinoma (ESCC), providing a link between the cortical actin cytoskeleton and the plasma membrane to govern membrane structure and protrusions. However, the mechanism by which ezrin is activated still remains unknown in ESCC. Here, we identify a novel interaction between ezrin and heat shock protein family B (small) member 1 (HSPB1) in ESCC cells by mass spectroscopy and co-immunoprecipitation. HSPB1 only interacts with inactive ezrin and binds to the α-helical coiled coil region of ezrin. Knockdown of HSPB1 resulted to the decline of phosphorylation at ezrin Thr567, markedly suppressing the ability of ezrin to bind to the actin cytoskeleton and migration of ESCC cells. Furthermore, neither the constitutively active phosphomimetic ezrin T567D, nor inactivated ezrin T567A could restore cell migration following HSPB1 knockdown. Low HSPB1 expression was associated with favorable overall survival of ESCC patients. Taken together, HSPB1, as an important partner, participates in the activation of ezrin and merits further evaluation as a novel therapeutic target against human ESCC.

16.
Nucleic Acids Res ; 47(W1): W248-W255, 2019 Jul 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31028388

RESUMO

Super-enhancers (SEs) have prominent roles in biological and pathological processes through their unique transcriptional regulatory capability. To date, several SE databases have been developed by us and others. However, these existing databases do not provide downstream or upstream regulatory analyses of SEs. Pathways, transcription factors (TFs), SEs, and SE-associated genes form complex regulatory networks. Therefore, we designed a novel web server, SEanalysis, which provides comprehensive SE-associated regulatory network analyses. SEanalysis characterizes SE-associated genes, TFs binding to target SEs, and their upstream pathways. The current version of SEanalysis contains more than 330 000 SEs from more than 540 types of cells/tissues, 5042 TF ChIP-seq data generated from these cells/tissues, DNA-binding sequence motifs for ∼700 human TFs and 2880 pathways from 10 databases. SEanalysis supports searching by either SEs, samples, TFs, pathways or genes. The complex regulatory networks formed by these factors can be interactively visualized. In addition, we developed a customizable genome browser containing >6000 customizable tracks for visualization. The server is freely available at http://licpathway.net/SEanalysis.

17.
Int J Biochem Cell Biol ; 110: 130-139, 2019 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30822557

RESUMO

STAT3ß is an isoform of STAT3 (signal transducer and activator of transcription 3) that differs from the STAT3α isoform by the replacement of the C-terminal 55 amino acid residues with 7 specific residues. The constitutive activation of STAT3α plays a pivotal role in the activation of oncogenic pathways, such as cell proliferation, maturation and survival, while STAT3ß is often referred to as a dominant-negative regulator of cancer. STAT3ß reveals a "spongy cushion" effect through its cooperation with STAT3α or forms a ternary complex with other co-activators. Especially in tumour cells, relatively high levels of STAT3ß lead to some favourable changes. However, there are still many mechanisms that have not been clearly explained in contrast to STAT3α, such as STAT3ß nuclear retention, more stable heterodimers and the prolonged Y705 phosphorylation. In addition to its transcriptional activities, STAT3ß may also function in the cytosol with respect to the mitochondria, cytoskeleton rearrangements and metastasis of cancer cells. In this review, we summarize the mechanisms that underlie the unique roles of STAT3ß combined with total STAT3 to enlighten and draw the attention of researchers studying STAT3 and discuss some interesting questions that warrant answers.


Assuntos
Fator de Transcrição STAT3 , Animais , Humanos , Neoplasias/genética , Neoplasias/patologia , Isoformas de Proteínas/química , Isoformas de Proteínas/genética , Isoformas de Proteínas/metabolismo , Fator de Transcrição STAT3/química , Fator de Transcrição STAT3/genética , Fator de Transcrição STAT3/metabolismo
18.
Gastric Cancer ; 22(3): 546-557, 2019 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30426295

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: We previously found that autoantibodies against a panel of six tumor-associated antigens (p53, NY-ESO-1, MMP-7, Hsp70, PRDX6 and Bmi-1) may aid in early detection of esophageal squamous cell carcinoma. Here we aimed to evaluate the diagnostic value of this autoantibody panel in esophagogastric junction adenocarcinoma (EJA) patients. METHODS: Serum autoantibody levels were measured by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay in a training cohort and a validation cohort. We used receiver-operating characteristics (ROC) to calculate diagnostic accuracy. RESULTS: We recruited 169 normal controls and 122 EJA patients to the training cohort, and 80 normal controls and 70 EJA patients to the validation cohort. Detection of the autoantibody panel demonstrated an area under the curve (AUC) of 0.818, sensitivity 59.0% and specificity 90.5% in training cohort, and AUC 0.815, sensitivity 61.4% and specificity 90.0% in validation cohort in the diagnosis of EJA. Measurement of the autoantibody panel could distinguish early stage EJA patients from normal controls (AUC 0.786 and 0.786, sensitivity 50.0% and 56.0%, and specificity 90.5% and 90.0%, for training and validation cohorts, respectively). Moreover, a restricted panel consisting of autoantibodies against p53, NY-ESO-1 and Bmi-1 exhibited similar diagnostic performance for EJA (AUC 0.814 and 0.823, sensitivity 53.5% and 60.0%, and specificity 90.5% and 93.7%, for training and validation cohorts, respectively) and early stage EJA (AUC 0.744 and 0.773, sensitivity 55.6% and 52.0%, and specificity 90.5% and 93.7%, for training and validation cohorts, respectively). CONCLUSIONS: Autoantibodies against an optimized TAA panel as serum biomarkers appear to help identify the present of early stage EJA.


Assuntos
Adenocarcinoma/secundário , Autoanticorpos/sangue , Biomarcadores Tumorais/imunologia , Carcinoma de Células Escamosas/secundário , Neoplasias Esofágicas/patologia , Adenocarcinoma/sangue , Adenocarcinoma/imunologia , Adenocarcinoma/cirurgia , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Autoanticorpos/imunologia , Carcinoma de Células Escamosas/sangue , Carcinoma de Células Escamosas/imunologia , Carcinoma de Células Escamosas/cirurgia , Estudos de Casos e Controles , Detecção Precoce de Câncer , Neoplasias Esofágicas/sangue , Neoplasias Esofágicas/imunologia , Neoplasias Esofágicas/cirurgia , Feminino , Seguimentos , Humanos , Metástase Linfática , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Invasividade Neoplásica , Prognóstico , Curva ROC , Estudos Retrospectivos
19.
J Cell Mol Med ; 23(2): 1375-1385, 2019 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30565387

RESUMO

FAM3B has been suggested to play important roles in the progression of many cancers, such as gastric, oral, colon and prostate cancer. However, little is known about the role of FAM3B in human esophageal squamous cell carcinoma (ESCC). In the present study, we found that FAM3B expression was higher in ESCC tissues than in adjacent normal tissues. Using quantitative real-time polymerase chain reaction, we found similar results in cell lines. FAM3B expression was significantly related to T/TNM stage. Importantly, Kaplan-Meier analysis revealed that a high expression level of FAM3B predicted a poor outcome for ESCC patients. Overexpression of FAM3B inhibits ESCC cell death, increases oesophageal tumour growth in xenografted nude mice, and promotes ESCC cell migration and invasion. Further studies confirmed that FAM3B regulates the AKT-MDM2-p53 pathway and two core epithelial-to-mesenchymal transition process markers, Snail and E-cadherin. Our results provide new insights into the role of FAM3B in the progression of ESCC and suggest that FAM3B may be a promising molecular target and diagnostic marker for ESCC.

20.
Cell Biochem Funct ; 36(8): 398-407, 2018 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30484863

RESUMO

Esophageal squamous cell carcinoma (ESCC) is a common malignancy without effective therapy. Histone deacetylase inhibitors (HDACIs) have been demonstrated as an emerging class of anticancer drugs for a range of haematological and solid tumours. However, the effect of HDACIs has not yet been investigated on ESCC cells. In this study, HDACIs were initially considered to have anticancer activity for ESCC, due to the high expression of HDAC genes in ESCC cell lines by analysing expression data of 27 ESCC cell lines from the Broad-Novartis Cancer Cell Line Encyclopedia. Next, we used five ESCC cell lines and one normal immortalized esophageal epithelial cell line to screen three HDACIs, panobinostat (LBH589), vorinostat (SAHA), and trichostatin A (TSA), for the ability to inhibit growth. Here, we report that LBH589 more effectively suppressed cell proliferation of ESCC cell lines, in a dose-dependent manner, than TSA and SAHA, as well as had lower toxicity against the SHEE normal immortalized esophageal epithelial cell line. Further experiments indicated that LBH589 treatment significantly inhibited TP53 (mutated TP53) expression, both at the mRNA and protein level, and simultaneously increased p21 and decreased cyclin D1 expression. Taken together, we propose that LBH589 inhibits ESCC cell proliferation mainly through inducing cell cycle arrest by increasing p21 and decreasing cyclin D1 in a p53-independent manner. SIGNIFICANCE OF THE STUDY: In this study, the antitumor activity of HDACIs LBH589, SAHA, and TSA on ESCC was characterized, with LBH589 displaying the most potent anti-proliferative activity while not harming normal immortalized esophageal epithelial cells. Furthermore, we propose that LBH589 exerts its anti-proliferative effect by inducing cell cycle arrest. The ability to specifically target cancer cells indicates therapeutic potential for use of LBH589 in the treatment of ESCC.


Assuntos
Pontos de Checagem do Ciclo Celular/efeitos dos fármacos , Inibidores de Histona Desacetilases/farmacologia , Panobinostat/farmacologia , Antineoplásicos/farmacologia , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Proliferação de Células/efeitos dos fármacos , Ciclina D1/genética , Ciclina D1/metabolismo , Inibidor de Quinase Dependente de Ciclina p21/genética , Inibidor de Quinase Dependente de Ciclina p21/metabolismo , Regulação para Baixo/efeitos dos fármacos , Neoplasias Esofágicas/metabolismo , Neoplasias Esofágicas/patologia , Carcinoma de Células Escamosas do Esôfago/metabolismo , Carcinoma de Células Escamosas do Esôfago/patologia , Humanos , Ácidos Hidroxâmicos/farmacologia , Proteína Supressora de Tumor p53/genética , Proteína Supressora de Tumor p53/metabolismo , Regulação para Cima/efeitos dos fármacos
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