Your browser doesn't support javascript.
Mostrar: 20 | 50 | 100
Resultados 1 - 20 de 1.184
Filtrar
1.
J Biol Inorg Chem ; 2020 Mar 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32133579

RESUMO

Density functional theory calculation is used to investigate the oxidation of cyclo-olefin (cyclobutene, cyclopentene, cyclohexene, cycloheptene, and cyclo-octene) by the complex [FeIV(O)(TQA)(NCMe)]2+, which has S = 2 ground state, and the effect of electronic factors and steric hindrance on reaction barriers. Our results suggest that the oxo-iron(IV) complex can oxidise C-H and C = C bonds via a single-state mechanism, and two different ways of electron transport exist. The energy barriers initially decrease with increasing substrate size, and the trend then reverses. Comparison of the energy barrier in different systems reveals that except for the reaction between [FeIV(O)(TQA)(NCMe)]2+ and cycloheptene, oxo-iron(IV) complexes prefer epoxidation to hydroxylation. However, the hydroxylated product is more stable than the corresponding epoxidated product. This result indicates that the products of epoxidation tend to decompose first. The energy barrier of hydroxylation and epoxidation originates from the balance of orbital interaction and Pauli repulsion from the equatorial ligand and protons on the approaching substrate. In this regard, we calculate the weak interaction between two fragments (oxo-iron complex and substrates) using the independent gradient model and drawn the corresponding 3D isosurface representations of reactants.

2.
Radiat Res ; 2020 Mar 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32126187

RESUMO

The current treatment for liver failure is restricted to surgical liver transplantation, which is technically complicated, limited by the shortage of available organs and presents major risks to the patient. Bone marrow mesenchymal stem cells (BMSCs) represent promising sources of hepatocyte-like cells for cell transplantation treatment. However, a safe and efficient induction method for their differentiation remains to be defined. Here we further optimized an effective technique by combining high-dose treatment with hepatocyte growth factor (HGF) and ultrasound stimulation. The optimized ultrasound parameter (1.0 W/cm2 intensity, 1 MHz frequency, 20% duty cycle, 100 Hz pulse repetition frequency, 60-s irradiation duration, triple times in three days) combined with different HGF doses (10, 20 and 50 ng/ml) was used to treat BMSCs. The results showed that the specific hepatic markers, including α-fetoprotein (αFP/AFP), cytokeratin 18 (CK18), albumin (ALB) and glycogen, were increased in a dose-dependent manner. Their concentration was then further increased when ultrasound irradiation was administered (P < 0.05), as indicated by PCR, Western blot and immunofluorescence staining as well as a glycogen synthesis test. Furthermore, analysis of the hepatocyte-derived chemokines showed elevated stromal cell-derived factor 1alpha (SDF-1α) and C-X-C chemokine receptor type 4 (CXCR4) after HGF treatment. Again, concentrations of those chemokines were further increased by ultrasound radiation (P < 0.05). The observed increased effect was sustained for 21 days. To summarize, we further defined the optimal combination of HGF and ultrasound treatment to increase the differentiation and chemotaxis of BMSCs in a safe, sustained and efficient manner. These findings provide a new perspective for stem cell orientation in the field of tissue engineering.

3.
Front Immunol ; 11: 184, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32132998

RESUMO

Goat milk (GM), as compared to cow milk (CM), is easier for humans to digest. It also has antioxidant and anti-inflammatory effects and can improve minor digestive disorders and prevent allergic diseases in infants. It is unclear whether GM consumed in pregnant mothers has any protective effects on allergic diseases in infants. In this experimental study with mice, we found GM feeding enhanced immunoglobulin production, antigen-specific (ovalbumin, OVA) immune responses, and phagocytosis activity. The GM-fed mice had an increasing proportion of CD3+ T lymphocytes in the spleen. Splenocytes isolated from these animals also showed significantly increased production of cytokines IFN-γ and IL-10. More importantly, GM feeding during pregnancy and lactation periods can confer protective activity onto offspring by alleviating the airway inflammation of allergic asthma induced by mite allergens. There was a remarkably different composition of gut microbiota between offspring of pregnant mice fed with water or with milk (GM or CM). There was a greater proportion of beneficial bacterial species, such as Akkermansia muciniphila, Bacteroides eggerthii, and Parabacteroides goldsteinii in the gut microbiota of offspring from GM- or CM-fed pregnant mice compared to the offspring of water-fed pregnant mice. These results suggested that improving the nutrition of pregnant mice can promote immunological maturation and colonization of gut microbiota in offspring. This mother-to-child biological action may provide a protective effect on atopy development and alleviate allergen-induced airway inflammation in offspring.

4.
Nat Commun ; 11(1): 1374, 2020 Mar 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32170134

RESUMO

Limited by the size of microelectronics, as well as the space of electrical vehicles, there are tremendous demands for lithium-ion batteries with high volumetric energy densities. Current lithium-ion batteries, however, adopt graphite-based anodes with low tap density and gravimetric capacity, resulting in poor volumetric performance metric. Here, by encapsulating nanoparticles of metallic tin in mechanically robust graphene tubes, we show tin anodes with high volumetric and gravimetric capacities, high rate performance, and long cycling life. Pairing with a commercial cathode material LiNi0.6Mn0.2Co0.2O2, full cells exhibit a gravimetric and volumetric energy density of 590 W h Kg-1 and 1,252 W h L-1, respectively, the latter of which doubles that of the cell based on graphite anodes. This work provides an effective route towards lithium-ion batteries with high energy density for a broad range of applications.

5.
J Clin Lab Anal ; : e23295, 2020 Mar 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32170805

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Platelets play a role in tumor cell growth, metastasis, and angiogenesis, and the present study aimed to evaluate diagnostic and prognostic values of platelet parameters in patients with gynecological tumors. METHODS: A total of 1062 women were included. Differences of platelet parameters (platelet count [PLT], plateletcrit [PCT], mean platelet volume [MPV], platelet-large cell rate [P-LCR], and platelet distribution width [PDW]) between different categories were analyzed by nonparametric test. The optimal cutoff value was calculated with receiver operating characteristic analysis. Overall survivals were analyzed with Kaplan-Meier method and log-rank tests for univariate analysis. RESULTS: Platelet count and PCT were significantly increased, and MPV and P-LCR were significantly reduced in malign and benign gynecological tumor groups compared with the controls (P < .001); PDW had no significant differences. There were no significant differences in PLT, PCT, MPV, P-LCR, and PDW between different tumor locations and pathologic types. The optimal cutoff values of PLT, PCT, MPV and P-LCR were 274, 0.26, 10.08, and 24.8 (AUC: 0.661, 0.643, 0.593, 0.562), and PCT had preferable sensibility and specificity (50.84% and 70.42%) in predicting the presence of gynecological tumors. According to survival analysis, increased PLT (≥274 × 109 /L) and PCT (≥0.26), and induced MPV (<10.08 fL) and P-LCR (<24.8%) were associated with shorter overall survival. CONCLUSIONS: Platelet count, PCT, MPV, and P-LCR can be used as preferable auxiliary parameters for predicting the presence of gynecological tumors. Increased PLT and PCT, or decreased MPV and P-LCR indicated a heavier tumor burden and shorter overall survival.

6.
Neurochem Res ; 2020 Mar 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32172400

RESUMO

The aim of this study was to investigate potential therapeutic effects of IFN-γ primed human umbilical cord mesenchymal stem cell (IFN-γ-hUCMSCs) transplantation on experimental autoimmune encephalomyelitis (EAE) in mice. In this study, EAE mouse model was established by MOG35-55 immunization method. Outcomes of the EAE mice in terms of body weight and clinical symptoms were analyzed. Electromyography (EMG) was performed to evaluate nerve conduction. ELISA was applied to quantify inflammatory cytokine levels in serum. Our results showed that IFN-γ could up-regulate protein expression of indoleamine 2, 3-dioxygenease 1 (IDO1), an important molecule released by MSCs to exert their immune suppressive activity (p < 0.01). In this study treatment efficacy for EAE was compared between transplantation of hUCMSCs alone and the IFN-γ-hUCMSCs which were cultured in the presence of IFN-γ for 48 h prior to be harvested for transplantation. Compared with hUCMSCs alone and control (PBS transfusion) group, transplantation of the IFN-γ-hUCMSCs could significantly alleviate the body weight loss and clinical symptoms of EAE mice (p < 0.05). Consistently EMG latency was significantly improved in treatment groups (p < 0.001), and the IFN-γ-hUCMSCs group was even better than the hUCMSCs group (p < 0.05). Moreover, the concentrations of IL-17A and TNF-α in serum of the mice treated by IFN-γ-hUCMSCs were significantly lower than hUCMSCs alone and controls, respectively (p < 0.05). In few of the roles of IL-17A and TNF-α in the pathogenesis of EAE, IFN-γ-hUCMSCs treatment associated-suppression of IL-17A and TNF-α expression may contribute in part to their therapeutic effects on EAE. In sum, our study highlights a great clinical potential of IFN-γ-hUCMSCs for multiple sclerosis (MS) treatment.

7.
Brain Res ; 1737: 146780, 2020 Mar 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32205148

RESUMO

The prevention and treatment of sepsis associated encephalopathy (SAE) remains challenging in clinic. Besides the anti-infection treatments and goal-directed supportive treatments, no specific method is reported for the prevention and treatment of SAE. This study tried to investigate the effects and underlying mechanisms of small dose of L-dopa/Benserazide hydrochloride (L-DA) on SAE. We found that L-DA administration (i.p.) at early stage of sepsis, but not at late stage, improved learning and memory of sepsis surviving mice in Cecal ligation and perforation (CLP) model. Corresponding to the improvement of learning and memory in CLP model, L-DA administration limited neuroinflammation, improved neuroplasticity, reversed sepsis-induced decrease of hippocampal dopamine level, but had no obvious effects on the survival and body weight recovery. Further studies showed that specific inhibitors of dopamine D1 or D2 receptors both partly reduced the protective effect of L-DA on the learning and memory of lipopolysaccharides (LPS) treated mice. D1 receptor specific inhibitor significantly blocked the anti-neuroinflammation effects of L-DA in LPS treated mice, but D2 receptor inhibitor did not. All these suggest that L-DA administration could prevent and treat SAE via dopamine D1 and D2 receptors. Dopamine D1 receptor is a potential target of anti-neuroinflammation.

8.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 99(10): e19304, 2020 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32150065

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Somatostatin analog therapies showed great potential for patients suffering advanced neuroendocrine tumors (NETs). This study was aimed to evaluate the therapeutic efficacy of Lu-DOTATATE/DOTATOC (Lu-octreotate/octreotide) peptide receptor radionuclide therapy (PRRT) in advanced or inoperable NETs patients. METHODS: Pubmed, Web of Science, Embase and Cochrane Library were searched from 1950 to April 2019. Eligible studies should include randomized or nonrandomized controlled trials (RCTs)-based investigations of Lu-octreotate/octreotide PRRT for NETs. All these studies were assessed with Response Evaluation Criteria in Solid Tumors (RECIST), RECIST 1.1, Southwest Oncology Group (SWOG) criteria or World Health Organization (WHO) criteria. Disease response rates (DRRs) and disease control rates (DCRs) were calculated according to each response criteria group. DRRs were defined as the percentages of patients with complete response (CR) + partial response (PR), while DCRs represented the percentages of patients with CR+ PR+ stable disease (SD). The pooled proportions were calculated with either a fixed-effects model or a random-effects model depending on the test for heterogeneity. RESULTS: A total of 22 studies (1758 patients) were included in this meta-analysis: 8 studies with 478 patients met RECIST criteria, 10 studies with 1127 patients met RECIST 1.1 criteria, 5 studies with 459 patients met SWOG criteria, and 1 study with 40 patients met WHO criteria, and among these articles 1 study met both RECIST and RECIST 1.1 criteria and 1 met both RECIST 1.1 and SWOG criteria. The pooled DRRs were 33.0% (95% CI: 25.0%-42.0%, I = 65%), 35.0% (95% CI: 26.0%-45.0%, I = 91%) and 25.0% (95% CI: 14.0%-36.0%, I = 84%) according to RECIST, RECIST 1.1 and SWOG criteria, respectively. The pooled DCRs were 79.0% (95% CI: 75.0%-83.0%, I = 97%), 83.0% (95% CI: 78.0%-88.0%, I = 0) and 82.0% (95% CI: 75.0%-89.0%, I = 91%), respectively. CONCLUSION: In advanced NETs patients, DRRs and DCRs were significantly elevated after initial treatment with Lu-DOTATATE PRRT, which shows that this treatment would be beneficial and promising for advanced or inoperable NETs patients.


Assuntos
Tumores Neuroendócrinos/tratamento farmacológico , Octreotida/análogos & derivados , Compostos Radiofarmacêuticos/uso terapêutico , Humanos , Tumores Neuroendócrinos/patologia , Octreotida/administração & dosagem , Octreotida/uso terapêutico , Compostos Radiofarmacêuticos/administração & dosagem , Critérios de Avaliação de Resposta em Tumores Sólidos
9.
Am J Reprod Immunol ; : e13235, 2020 Mar 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32196803

RESUMO

PROBLEM: Pregnant women are at increased risk of HIV acquisition, but the biological mechanisms contributing to this observation are not well understood. METHOD OF STUDY: Here we assessed host immune and microbiome differences in the vaginal mucosa of healthy pregnant and non-pregnant women using a metaproteomics approach. Cervicovaginal lavage (CVL) samples were collected from 23 pregnant and 25 non-pregnant women. RESULTS: Mass spectrometry analysis of CVL identified 550 human proteins and 376 bacterial proteins from 11 genera. Host proteome analysis indicated 56 human proteins (10%) were differentially abundant (p<0.05) between pregnant and non-pregnant women, including proteins involved in angiogenesis (p=3.36E-3), cell movement of phagocytes (p=1.34E-6) and permeability of blood vessels (p=1.27E-4). The major bacterial genera identified were Lactobacillus, Gardnerella, Prevotella, Megasphaera, and Atopobium. Pregnant women had higher levels of Lactobacillus species (p=0.017) compared to non-pregnant women. Functional pathway analysis indicated that pregnancy associated with changes to bacterial metabolic pathway involved in energy metabolism, which were increased in pregnant women (p=0.035). CONCLUSIONS: Overall, pregnant women showed differences in the cervicovaginal proteome and microbiome that may be important for HIV infection risk.

10.
Dis Markers ; 2020: 8352809, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32184905

RESUMO

Renal cell carcinoma (RCC), which was one of the most common malignant tumors in urinary system, had gradually increased incidence and mortality in recent years. Although significant advances had been made in molecular and biology research on the pathogenesis of RCC, effective treatments and prognostic indicators were still lacking. In order to predict the prognosis of RCC better, we identified 17 genes that were associated with the overall survival (OS) of RCC patients from The Cancer Genome Atlas (TCGA) dataset and a 17-gene signature was developed. Through SurvExpress, we analyzed the expression differences of the 17 genes and their correlation with the survival of RCC patients in five datasets (ZHAO, TCGA, KIPAN, KIRC, and KIRP), and then evaluated the survival prognostic significance of the 17-gene signature for RCC. Our results showed that the 17-gene signature had a predictive prognostic value not only in single pathologic RCC, but also in multiple pathologic types of RCC. In conclusion, the 17-gene signature model was related to the survival of RCC patients and could help predict the prognosis with significant clinical implications.

12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32187784

RESUMO

Molecular recognition in cell biological process is characterized with specific locks-and-keys interactions between ligands and receptors, but which are ubiquitously distributed on cell membrane with topological clustering. Few topologically-engineered ligand systems enable the exploration of the binding strength between ligand-receptor topological organization. Here we generate topologically controlled ligands by developing a family of tetrahedral DNA frameworks (TDFs), so the multiple ligands are stoichiometrically and topologically arranged. This topological control of multiple ligands changes the nature of the molecular recognition by inducing the receptor clustering, so the binding strength is significantly improved (~10-fold). The precise engineering of topological complexes formed by the TDFs are readily translated into effective binding control for cell patterning and binding strength control of cells for cell sorting. This work paves the way for the development of versatile design of topological ligands with potential applications for cell recognition and cell communication.

15.
Oncogene ; 2020 Feb 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32111983

RESUMO

Lung cancer occurrence and associated mortality ranks top in all countries. Despite the rapid development of targeted and immune therapies, many patients experience relapse within a few years. It is urgent to uncover the mechanisms that drive lung cancer progression and identify novel molecular targets. Our group has previously identified FGF19 as a prognostic marker and potential driver gene of lung squamous cell carcinomas (LSQ) in Chinese smoking patients. However, the underlying mechanism of how FGF19 promotes the progression of LSQ remains unclear. In this study, we characterized and confirmed that FGF19 serves as an oncogenic driver in LSQ development and progression, and reported that the amplification and high expression of FGF19 in LSQ was significantly associated with poor overall and progression-free survival. A higher serum level of FGF19 was found in lung cancer patients, which could also serve as a novel diagnostic index to screen lung cancer. Overproduction of FGF19 in LSQ cells markedly promoted cell growth, progression and metastasis, while downregulating FGF19 effectively inhibited LSQ progression in vitro and in vivo. Moreover, downregulating the receptor FGFR4 was also effective to suppress the growth and migration of LSQ cells. Since FGF19 could be induced by smoking or endoplasmic reticulum stress, to tackle the more malignant FGF19-overproducing LSQ, we reported for the first time that inhibiting mTOR pathway by using AZD2014 was effective and feasible. These findings have offered a new strategy by using anti-FGF19/FGFR4 therapy or mTOR-based therapy in FGF19-driven LSQ.

16.
Histochem Cell Biol ; 2020 Mar 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32124010

RESUMO

The proliferation, migration, and cellular morphology of vascular smooth muscle cells (VSMCs) play important roles in the pathogenesis of atherosclerosis (AS). Homocysteine (Hcy) is a sulfur-containing amino acid, which is an intermediate product of methionine metabolism. Hcy can induce proliferation, migration, and phenotypic switch of VSMCs, but details of these mechanisms are still unclear. The phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase (PI3K/Akt/mTOR) signaling pathway is involved in a host of cellular functions. In this study, we sought to determine if this multifunctional pathway played a role in Hcy-induced proliferation, migration, and phenotypic transformation of VSMCs, which has not been previously reported. miR-145 has been previously reported to suppress the effects of Hcy in VSMCs. In our study, using qRT-PCR, we found that Hcy itself reduced the expression of miR-145 in VSMCs, while overexpression of miR-145 reduced the proliferation, migration, and phenotypic transformation of VSMCs caused by Hcy. Using Western blot analysis, we found that VSMCs exposed to Hcy exhibited significant increases in the levels of PI3K, Akt, and mTOR proteins. Additionally, overexpression of miR-145 dramatically decreased PI3K, Akt, and mTOR expression. Using qRT-PCR we found that miR-145 expression increased after blocking PI3K using an inhibitor. Inhibition of the PI3K signaling pathway also prevented Hcy-induced VSMC proliferation, migration, and phenotypic switch. Taken together, our results suggest that miR-145 could inhibit VSMC proliferation, migration, and phenotype switching by preventing activation of the PI3K/Akt/mTOR signaling pathway.

17.
EMBO J ; : e103304, 2020 Feb 27.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32104923

RESUMO

Beneficial effects of resistance exercise on metabolic health and particularly muscle hypertrophy and fat loss are well established, but the underlying chemical and physiological mechanisms are not fully understood. Here, we identified a myometabolite-mediated metabolic pathway that is essential for the beneficial metabolic effects of resistance exercise in mice. We showed that substantial accumulation of the tricarboxylic acid cycle intermediate α-ketoglutaric acid (AKG) is a metabolic signature of resistance exercise performance. Interestingly, human plasma AKG level is also negatively correlated with BMI. Pharmacological elevation of circulating AKG induces muscle hypertrophy, brown adipose tissue (BAT) thermogenesis, and white adipose tissue (WAT) lipolysis in vivo. We further found that AKG stimulates the adrenal release of adrenaline through 2-oxoglutarate receptor 1 (OXGR1) expressed in adrenal glands. Finally, by using both loss-of-function and gain-of-function mouse models, we showed that OXGR1 is essential for AKG-mediated exercise-induced beneficial metabolic effects. These findings reveal an unappreciated mechanism for the salutary effects of resistance exercise, using AKG as a systemically derived molecule for adrenal stimulation of muscle hypertrophy and fat loss.

18.
Sci Rep ; 10(1): 1702, 2020 Feb 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32015440

RESUMO

Ovule-derived haploid culture is an effective and important method for genetic study and plant breeding. Gerbera hybrida is a highly heterozygous species, and the lack of homozygous lines presents a challenge for molecular genetic research. Therefore, we performed haploid induction through unpollinated ovule culture and evaluated the effects of several important factors on this culturing procedure in G. hybrida, including genotype, low temperature, and the development seasons of the ovules. Among 45 G. hybrida cultivars analyzed, 29 cultivars exhibited adventitious bud induction via in vitro unpollinated ovule culture with significant different responses, indicating that the genotype of donor plants was a vital factor for inducibility. Four cultivars with significantly different induction rates, including one non-induced cultivar, were selected to analyze seasonal effects. Ovules extracted in the summer consistently had the highest induction rates, and even the non-induced cultivar included in the analysis could be induced at low levels when ovules from summer were used. Low temperature treatment could also promote adventitious bud induction, and in particular, a strong and significant effect was detected after 7 days of cold treatment. Ploidy level measurements by flow cytometry revealed that 288 ovule-derived regenerants were haploid (55.17%) and 218 lines were diploid (41.76%). Moreover, genetic stability analysis of the regenerants indicated 100% similarity to the marker profile of the mother plant. This is the first report of ovule-derived haploids in G. hybrida, which may facilitate the development of homozygous lines for molecular research and plant breeding.

19.
Anticancer Drugs ; 2020 Feb 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32058346

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: This study is a meta-analysis assessing the safety and efficacy of programmed cell death-1/cell death-ligand 1 (PD-1/PD-L1) inhibitors in order to improve their efficacy in advanced non-small-cell lung cancer. METHODS: We retrieved studies of anti-PD-1/PD-L1 therapies for non-small-cell lung cancer from electronic databases; 17 clinical trials were analyzed. The pooled hazard ratios for overall and progression-free survival (PFS), and the odds ratios (ORs) for the objective response rate (ORR) and adverse effects were calculated using Review Manager 5.3. RESULTS: The pooled hazard ratios for overall and PFS were 0.69 and 0.74, respectively, and the pooled OR for the ORR was 1.78, implying a significant improvement in overall survival (OS), PFS, and ORR with administration of PD-1/PD-L1 inhibitors. In subgroup analysis, the ORs of the ORR were 2.48 in PD-L1 positive versus negative tumors, and 0.99 for a high dose of PD-1/PD-L1 inhibitors versus a low dose. The ORs for the occurrence of any treatment-related adverse effects and grades 3-5 treatment-related adverse effects were 0.33 and 0.30, respectively, suggesting a good safety profile. CONCLUSIONS: PD-1/PD-L1 immunotherapy has superior outcomes in terms of the ORR, OS, and PFS with tolerable adverse effects when compared with chemotherapy.

20.
Eur Radiol ; 2020 Feb 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32020400

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: This prospective trial was performed to verify whether microwave ablation (MWA) in combination with chemotherapy could provide superior survival benefit compared with chemotherapy alone. MATERIALS AND METHODS: From March 1, 2015, to June 20, 2017, treatment-naïve patients with pathologically verified advanced or recurrent non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) were randomly assigned to MWA plus chemotherapy group or chemotherapy group. The primary endpoint was progression-free survival (PFS), while the secondary endpoints included overall survival (OS), time to local progression (TTLP), and objective response rate (ORR). The complications and adverse events were also reported. RESULTS: A total of 293 patients were randomly assigned into the two groups. One hundred forty-eight patients with 117 stage IV tumors were included in the MWA plus chemotherapy group. One hundred forty-five patients with 113 stage IV tumors were included in the chemotherapy group. The median follow-up period was 13.1 months and 12.4 months, respectively. Median PFS was 10.3 months (95% CI 8.0-13.0) in the MWA plus chemotherapy group and 4.9 months (95% CI 4.2-5.7) in the chemotherapy group (HR = 0.44, 95% CI 0.28-0.53; p < 0.0001). Median OS was not reached in the MWA plus chemotherapy group and 12.6 months (95% CI 10.6-14.6) in the chemotherapy group (HR = 0.38, 95% CI 0.27-0.53; p < 0.0001) using Kaplan-Meier analyses with log-rank test. The median TTLP was 24.5 months, and the ORR was 32% in both groups. The adverse event rate was not significantly different in the two groups. CONCLUSIONS: In patients with advanced NSCLC, longer PFS and OS can be achieved with the treatment of combined MWA and chemotherapy than chemotherapy alone. KEY POINTS: • Patients treated with MWA plus chemotherapy had superior PFS and OS over those treated with chemotherapy alone. • The ORR of patients treated with MWA plus chemotherapy was similar to that of those treated with chemotherapy alone. • Complications associated with MWA were common but tolerable and manageable.

SELEÇÃO DE REFERÊNCIAS
DETALHE DA PESQUISA