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1.
Food Chem ; 366: 130563, 2022 Jan 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34289441

RESUMO

Herein, a simple, low-cost, environment-friendly strategy was proposed to prepare the composite of three-dimensional hierarchical porous carbon and chitosan, which was applied to modify the glass carbon electrode to fabricate an electrochemical sensor for the determination of niclosamide. The three-dimensional porous carbon with interconnected conductive network, high surface area, and self-generated oxygen-containing functional groups was prepared by salt-templating method with glucose as carbon source and eutectic mixture of LiBr/KBr as both activating and pore-forming agent. During the subsequent ultrasonic process, chitosan with excellent filming property, strong adsorption ability, and good dispersibility was successfully decorated on the obtained porous carbon to further enhance the determination performance of niclosamide. Benefitting from the multi-functional integration of three-dimensional hierarchical porous carbon and chitosan, the fabricated sensor presented a low limit of detection (6.7 nM) in the linear concentration range from 0.01 to 10 µM. Moreover, the fabricated sensor could show good repeatability, reproducibility, stability, and selectivity. Most important, the decent practicability for the detection of niclosamide was obtained in different food samples with low relative standard deviation and satisfactory recoveries. This work provides a very valuable reference for the sensitive determination of niclosamide in food samples.


Assuntos
Quitosana , Carbono , Técnicas Eletroquímicas , Eletrodos , Niclosamida , Porosidade , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes
2.
Talanta ; 237: 122954, 2022 Jan 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34736679

RESUMO

Herein, a simple microfluidic paper-based analytical device (µPAD) by using platinum nanoparticles (Pt NPs) as highly active peroxidase mimic for simultaneous determination of glucose and uric acid was fabricated. The µPAD consisted of one sample transportation layer, four paper-based detection chips, and two layers of hydrophobic polyethylene terephthalate (PET) films. The four detection chips were immobilized with various chromogenic reagents, Pt NPs, and specific oxidase (glucose oxidase or uricase). H2O2 generated by specific enzymatic reactions could oxidize co-immobilized chromogenic reagents to produce colored products by using Pt NPs as efficient catalyst. The multi-layered structure of µPAD could effectively improve the color uniformity and color intensity. Total color intensity from each two detection chips modified with distinct chromogenic reagents were used for quantitative analysis of glucose and uric acid, respectively, resulting in significantly improved sensitivity. The linear range for glucose and uric acid detection was 0.01-5.0 mM and 0.01-2.5 mM, respectively. Satisfied results were obtained for glucose and uric acid detection in real serum samples. An easy-to-use smartphone APP was developed for convenient and intelligent detection. The developed µPAD integrated with smartphone as detector holds great applicability for simple and portable on-site analysis.


Assuntos
Nanopartículas Metálicas , Técnicas Analíticas Microfluídicas , Colorimetria , Glucose , Peróxido de Hidrogênio , Microfluídica , Papel , Peroxidase , Peroxidases , Platina , Smartphone , Ácido Úrico
3.
Talanta ; 237: 122978, 2022 Jan 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34736700

RESUMO

Matrix-assisted laser desorption/ionization mass spectrometry (MALDI-MS) has been widely applied in the analysis of phospholipids in biological samples. However, it remains a challenge to improve the sensitivity and reproducibility and to control the background noise of matrices. In this study, black phosphorus nanomaterial was used as the matrix of MALDI-MS, and microchannel technique was combined. This microchannel-integrated black phosphorus-assisted laser desorption/ionization (BPALDI) MS approach can effectively detect a variety of lipids with a small amount of sample, and has high sensitivity for phosphatidylcholines (PC) and lysophosphatidylcholines (LPC) with a detection limit of 0.2 µg/mL. Compared with traditional matrices, BPALDI-MS has the advantages of high sensitivity, good reproducibility, and high salt tolerance. This method was successfully applied in the detection of serum PC/LPC ratios in children patients with asthma or bronchopneumonia. This work provides a novel application of black phosphorus matrix and microchannel technique, and gives new insights into method development of rapid screening and identification of disease indicators in biological fluids.


Assuntos
Fosfolipídeos , Fósforo , Criança , Humanos , Lasers , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes , Espectrometria de Massas por Ionização e Dessorção a Laser Assistida por Matriz
4.
Dev Comp Immunol ; 127: 104291, 2022 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34710469

RESUMO

Spring viremia of carp virus (SVCV) causes severe morbidity and mortality in grass carp (Ctenopharyngodon idellus) in Europe, America and several Asian countries. We found that FKBP5 (FK506-binding protein 5) is an SVCV infection response factor; however, its role in the innate immune mechanism caused by SVCV infection remains unknown. This study cloned gcFKBP5 (grass carp FKBP5) and made its mimic protein structure for function discussion. We found that gcFKBP5 expression in the primary innate immune organs of grass carp, including intestine, liver and spleen, was highly upregulated by SVCV in 24 h, with a similar result in fish cells by poly(I:C) treatment. gcFKBP overexpression aggravates viral damage to cells and increases viral replication. Furthermore, SVCV engages gcFKBP5 interacting with TRAF2 (tumour necrosis factor receptor-associated factor 2) to promote host cell apoptosis for supporting viral replication. The enhanced viral replication seems not to be due to the repression of IFN and other antiviral factors as expected. For the first time, these data show the pivotal role of gcFKBP5 in the innate immune response of grass carp to SVCV infection.

5.
J Pharm Biomed Anal ; 207: 114428, 2022 Jan 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34710727

RESUMO

Quality control for Chinese patent medicine (CPM) containing animal-derived crude drug(s) is rather difficult. The methods based on chemical composition analysis, which are commonly used in CPM consisted of plant-derived crude drugs, are often not applicable for CPM containing animal-derived crude drug, because the effective constituents of most animal-derived crude drugs remain unknown. Even if there are such methods, they are usually qualitative rather than quantitative, and the specificity is generally poor. Here we proposed a molecular quantification method for CPM containing animal-derived crude drug, based upon the hypothesis that the amount of remnant DNA fragments could reflect feeding quantity of the crude drugs and thus ensure the quality of the CPM. Take Jinlong capsule [a hepatocellular carcinoma-resisting Chinese patent medicine comprising of three fresh animal drugs, i.e. Shougong (Peking gecko, Gekko swinhonis), Qi She (sharp-snouted pitviper, Deinagkistrodon acutus), and Jinqian Baihua She (many-banded krait, Bungarus multicinctus)] as an example, we established a qPCR assay for Qi She in the capsule, which verified the feasibility of the quality control method based on molecular quantification. Species-specific primers and TaqMan probe for Qi She were designed, and the qPCR assay system was then established. The assay exhibited a good specificity; there's a good linearity between Ct values and logarithm of the target amplicon copy numbers within the range of 8.8 × 101 to 8.8 × 106 copies/µL, and the limit of detection was 88 copies/µL. The method was validated through reproducibility, stability assessment. Recovery of spiked samples was between 91.59% and 101.69%. It was verified that the copy numbers reflected the original feeding amount of an animal-derived crude drug by self-made Jinlong capsules. The assay was successfully applied in Qi She-specific amplicon determination in 20 batches of Jinlong capsule. The study was expected to provide a new strategy for quality control of CPM containing animal-derived crude drug.


Assuntos
Medicamentos de Ervas Chinesas , Neoplasias Hepáticas , Animais , China , Feminino , Medicina Tradicional Chinesa , Medicamentos sem Prescrição , Controle de Qualidade , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes
6.
Anal Chim Acta ; 1189: 339187, 2022 Jan 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34815032

RESUMO

African swine fever (ASF) is a swine viral disease that could cause highly contagious and extremely high mortality, causing huge economic losses to the pig industry. As there is currently no vaccine and effective treatment methods. Therefore, early monitoring is one of the most important solutions to prevent and control ASF. In this study, the dual QDM recombinant virus protein 30 and 54 (P30 and P54) probes and pre-incubation in vitro were proposed for the first time as QDM based-ASFV immunosensor (QAIS) for the ultra-sensitive quantitative detection of ASFV antibodies in serum. In the range from serum dilution of 1:1000 to 1:64000, it showed a good linear relationship (R2 = 0.9947), and its detection sensitivity was 1:64000 dilution. Compared with commercial enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) and colloidal gold immunochromatographic strip (CGICS), its detection sensitivity was improved by at least one order of magnitude and four orders of magnitude respectively. In addition, the whole ASFV antibody screening test can be completed in 25 min with simple operation. The performance and practicability of the established QAIS sensor have been verified by ASF-ELISA kit, and its coincidence rate was as high as 98.7% in 151 clinical samples. We firmly believe that the proposed QAIS sensor could potentially be applied to point-of-care testing (POCT) for quantitative ASFV antibody in pig farms.


Assuntos
Vírus da Febre Suína Africana , Febre Suína Africana , Técnicas Biossensoriais , Febre Suína Africana/diagnóstico , Animais , Imunoensaio , Suínos , Proteínas Virais
7.
Bioresour Technol ; 343: 126088, 2022 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34624469

RESUMO

Ionic liquids (ILs) pretreatment has been regarded as a promising green way to treat lignocellulosic biomass. 1-Butyl-3-methylimidazolium tetrafluoroborate ([Bmim]BF4), 1-allyl-3-methylimidazolium chloride ([Amim]Cl), and 1-Butyl-3-methylimidazolium Hydrogen Sulfate ([Bmim]HSO4) with different loadings (2, 4, 8, and 16 g/L) were adopted to pretreat the Arundo donax L.. 16 g/L [Bmim]HSO4 pretreated Arundo donax L. obtained the highest sugar yield of 7.9 g/L during the enzymatic hydrolysis and hydrogen yield of 106.1 mL/g TS during the photo-fermentation, which were 68.8 % and 35.3 % higher than those of untreated Arundo donax L., respectively. Moreover, volatile fatty acids (VFAs) distribution revealed that acetic acid was the main by-product during hydrogen production process with ILs pretreated Arundo donax L.. Besides, the relationship between sugar yield and hydrogen yield was the closest based on scatter matrix analysis. This study helps to understand of correlation between ILs pretreatment with the behavior of bioenergy production.


Assuntos
Líquidos Iônicos , Fermentação , Hidrogênio , Hidrólise , Poaceae
8.
Food Chem ; 372: 131213, 2022 Mar 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34638060

RESUMO

The metabolic fate of dietary compounds is closely related to their biological functions. Pterostilbene (PT) is a methylated stilbene found in many plant foods. Herein, we investigated gastrointestinal biotransformation and tissue distribution of PT in mice fed with 0.05% PT (w/w) for 5 weeks. PT and its major metabolites i.e. PT sulfate (PT-S), pinostilbene, pinostilbene sulfate, hydroxylated PT and hydroxylated PT sulfate were identified and quantified in the mucosa and content of the digestive tissues, blood, urine and vital organs. The results showed PT underwent demethylation, hydroxylation and conjugation in the small intestine, while the conjugated metabolites were largely deconjugated in the colon. Anaerobic fermentation with mouse cecal bacteria demonstrated the microbiota mediated deconjugation and demethylation of PT-S and PT, respectively. In conclusion, oral consumption of PT led to extensive biotransformation in mouse gastrointestinal tract and the metabolites of PT might play important roles in the bioactivity of PT.


Assuntos
Estilbenos , Animais , Biotransformação , Colo/metabolismo , Camundongos , Estilbenos/metabolismo , Distribuição Tecidual
9.
Brain Res Bull ; 2021 Nov 27.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34848271

RESUMO

Overweight induced by high-fat diet (HFD) represents one of the major health concerns in modern societies, which can cause lasting peripheral and central metabolic disorders in all age groups. Specifically, childhood obesity could lead to life-long impact on brain development and functioning. On the other hand, environmental enrichment (EE) has been demonstrated to be beneficial for learning and memory. Here, we explored the impact of high-fat diet on olfaction and organization of olfactory bulb cells in adolescent mice, and the effect of EE intervention thereon. Puberty mice (3-week-old) fed with HFD for 10 weeks exhibited poorer odor sensitivity and olfactory memory relative to controls consuming standard chows. The behavioral deficits were rescued in the HFD group with EE intervention. Neuroanatomically, parvalbumin (PV) interneurons in the olfactory bulb (OB) were reduced in the HFD-fed animals relative to control, while EE intervention also normalized this alteration. In contrast, cells expressing calbindin (CB), doublecortin (DCX) in the OB were not altered. Our findings suggest that PV interneurons may play a crucial role in mediating the HFD-induced olfactory deficit in adolescent mice, and can also serve a protective effect of EE against the functional deficit.

10.
Nucleic Acids Res ; 2021 Nov 24.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34850101

RESUMO

Considerable effort has been devoted to refining experimental protocols to reduce levels of technical variability and artifacts in single-cell RNA-sequencing data (scRNA-seq). We here present evidence that equalizing the concentration of cDNA libraries prior to pooling, a step not consistently performed in single-cell experiments, improves gene detection rates, enhances biological signals, and reduces technical artifacts in scRNA-seq data. To evaluate the effect of equalization on various protocols, we developed Scaffold, a simulation framework that models each step of an scRNA-seq experiment. Numerical experiments demonstrate that equalization reduces variation in sequencing depth and gene-specific expression variability. We then performed a set of experiments in vitro with and without the equalization step and found that equalization increases the number of genes that are detected in every cell by 17-31%, improves discovery of biologically relevant genes, and reduces nuisance signals associated with cell cycle. Further support is provided in an analysis of publicly available data.

11.
Int J Womens Health ; 13: 1005-1015, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34737649

RESUMO

Purpose: Early-stage cervical cancer is usually diagnosed by colposcopy-directed biopsy (CDB) and/or endocervical curettage (ECC), but some neglected lesions must be detected by conization because they are occult. This study aimed to explore the optimal method for detecting these "occult" cervical cancers. Patients and Methods: A total of 1299 patients who were high-risk for early-stage cervical cancer from five centres in China were prospectively included. We evaluated the diagnostic performance of cytology, HPV testing, colposcopy and CDB&ECC for detecting "occult" cervical cancer and discussed the diagnostic importance of transformation zone (TZ) type, conization length and the proportion of cervical cone excision. Results: The diagnostic agreement between colposcopy impression and conization was 64.5% and 72.4% between CDB&ECC and conization. Forty-two patients were finally diagnosed with pathologic cancer, and the sensitivities of cytology, colposcopy, CDB&ECC were 4.8%, 7.1%, and 47.4%, respectively. Twenty cases were neglected by CDB&ECC but further diagnosed as cancer by conization, considered to be occult cervical cancer, accounting for 1.6%. Cytologic high-grade squamous intraepithelial lesion (HSIL)+, positive HPV, biopsy HSIL+ and cervical TZ type 3 were considered risk factors for developing HSIL+, while colposcopy impression HSIL+ was not. There was a significant difference between cancerous and HSIL patients in the proportion of cervical cone excision (P<0.001), which was recognized as a risk factor (P<0.001) for detecting cancer, while the length of cervical cone excision was not. The average proportion was 0.62, and the minimal effective proportion was 0.56. Conclusion: Since the incidence of occult cervical cancer neglected by CDB&ECC, colposcopy and cytology was far beyond expectations, conization is necessary, especially in patients with TZ type 3, high-grade cytology and biopsy results. As the cervical length varies in patients, the proportion of cervical cone excision might be a better indicator for detecting occult cervical cancer.

12.
J Int Med Res ; 49(11): 3000605211053158, 2021 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34738477

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: P-element Induced WImpy protein-like RNA-mediated gene silencing 2 (PIWIL2) is a reported oncogene strongly associated with tumorigenesis and cancer progression. However, the potential function of PIWIL2 in oral cancer is still largely unclear. METHODS: In this study, we investigated the clinical significance of PIWIL2 expression in human oral squamous cell carcinoma (OSCC) cell lines and tissues. We also examined its function in OSCC pathogenesis by knocking down PIWIL2 expression with short hairpin RNAs, followed by phenotypic experiments focused on cell migration, invasion, proliferation, and apoptosis rates. RESULTS: We found that PIWIL2 was overexpressed in OSCC cell lines and tissues and significantly correlated with the malignancy stage. Furthermore, knockdown of PIWIL2 in a human OSCC cell line Tca8113 induced cell cycle arrest and apoptosis. Silencing PIWIL2 expression also significantly suppressed the migration and invasion abilities of Tca8113 cells. CONCLUSIONS: Collectively, our results suggest a functional role of PIWIL2 in regulating OSCC pathogenesis. Our data imply that PIWIL2 could serve as a potential therapeutic target for OSCC treatment.


Assuntos
Carcinoma de Células Escamosas , Neoplasias de Cabeça e Pescoço , Neoplasias Bucais , Apoptose , Proteínas Argonauta/genética , Proteínas Argonauta/metabolismo , Carcinoma de Células Escamosas/genética , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Movimento Celular , Proliferação de Células , Regulação Neoplásica da Expressão Gênica , Inativação Gênica , Humanos , Neoplasias Bucais/genética , RNA Interferente Pequeno/genética , Carcinoma de Células Escamosas de Cabeça e Pescoço
13.
Front Psychol ; 12: 717670, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34744878

RESUMO

Traditionally, it had been commonly believed that individuals in the same culture have personalities distinct from those of individuals in other cultures. This article examines this belief by critically reviewing relevant literature generated from two of the most widely investigated personality-based style constructs in the field of intellectual styles: the Jungian personality styles and the career personality styles proposed by Holland. It aims at answering the question of whether personality-based intellectual styles are culture specific or they are universal. To achieve this aim, based on the two broad cultural systems derived from Hofstede's model of four cultural dimensions and two major style types from Zhang and Sternberg's threefold model of intellectual styles, two research hypotheses were made. To test the hypotheses, two types of empirical literature centered on each of the two personality-based styles are reviewed: (1) cross-cultural comparative studies; and (2) within-culture studies investigating the association of the two style constructs with other human attributes and outcomes. Results suggest that although personality-based styles are related to culture, they cannot be culture specific; rather, they are fundamentally universal. These findings carry scientific value and have practical implications for education and beyond.

14.
J Food Biochem ; : e13943, 2021 Nov 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34755355

RESUMO

Malvids anthocyanins have been proven to have a significant antioxidant activity. However, natural anthocyanins are unstable as they are easily affected by temperature, light, and pH. They can produce copigmentation with caffeic acids, leading to the improvement of color stability. The objective of this research was to survey the anti-oxidative stress functional role of stabilization malvids anthocyanins (SMA) in vivo. Changes on the superoxide dismutase (SOD), glutathione peroxidase (GSH-Px), catalase (CAT), total antioxidant capacity (T-AOC) and malondialdehyde (MDA) in the serum and liver of oxidatively damaged mice of SMA were investigated. The effects of SMA on the diversity of gut microbiota in mice with oxidatively damage were also evaluated. Compared to oxidative damaged mice, SMA increased the activities of SOD, GSH-Px, CAT and T-AOC but decreased the levels of MDA in the serum and liver. SMA significantly changed the composition and diversity of the gut microbiota. Specifically, SMA increased the relative abundance of the phylum Firmicutes and decreased the relative abundance of the phyla Bacteroidetes. At the genus level, SMA significantly increased the relative abundance of Lactobacillus, but decreased the relative abundance of Bacteroides. In addition, SMA also reversed carbohydrate metabolism and amino acid metabolism to normal levels. It indicates that SMA could protect the body from oxidative damage and be used as a potential functional food to prevent diseases related to oxidative stress. PRACTICAL APPLICATIONS: Anthocyanins provide protective effects against harmful effect of oxidative stress. Natural anthocyanins are safer and nutritious as compared to synthetic pigments. However, their stability is poor. The previous research done by this group showed that the anthocyanins content of variety of Vitis amurensis Rupr was as high as 180 mg/(100 g·FW), and the content of malvids anthocyanidin in its ingredients was the highest of all. Malvids anthocyanin and caffeic acid are bonded to produce stabilized malvids anthocyanins (SMA) high hydrostatic pressure technology, which has better stability. Our results indicate that SMA could increased the activities of antioxidant enzymes and altered the composition and diversity of the gut microbiota in mice with oxidative damage. The study will help to deepen the understanding of antioxidative stress mechanism of SMA and lay a foundation for the application of natural anthocyanidin in health aspect.

15.
Orthop Surg ; 2021 Nov 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34755473

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To investigate whether anterior selective fusion (ASF) could save more distal fusion segments compared with posterior approach in the treatment of Lenke type 5 adolescent idiopathic scoliosis with long term follow-up. METHODS: A retrospective cohort study. From 2008 to 2011, 22 AIS girls with Lenke type 5 who underwent ASF or posterior selective fusion (PSF) with more than 8-year follow-up, were extracted from the database. 13 girls in the ASF group had an average age of 14.3 ± 1.3 years and Risser sign of 3.3 ± 1.1; 9 PSF girls had an average age of 16.2 ± 3.6 years and Risser sign of 3.8 ± 1.5. The radiographic outcome was compared between groups preoperatively, 6-month postoperatively, 8-year postoperatively and at last follow-up (>8 years). RESULTS: The average follow-up duration was 8.7 ± 0.4 (ASF) and 8.8 ± 0.5 (PSF) years, respectively. There was no significant difference at baseline in age, Risser sign and preoperative curve pattern in the coronal and sagittal plane between the groups (P > 0.05). The ASF group had significantly shorter fusion segments (5.1 ± 0.6 vs. 7.0 ± 1.3) and decreased upper instrumented vertebra (UIV) (T11 ± 0.8 vs. T10 ± 0.8) than the PSF (P < 0.05); while no significant difference was found in the lower instrumented vertebra (LIV) and distal reserved segments (P > 0.05), which suggested that ASF could shorten the fusion segments by lowering UIV. The distal compensatory curve in the ASF group (9.0° ± 3.9°) was significantly larger than in the PSF group (3.3° ± 2.4°, P = 0.003), despite of no significant difference in the incidence of coronal imbalance (P > 0.05), indicating that both two approaches could obtain satisfactory correction in the coronal plane. In the sagittal plane, PSF patients had significantly larger lumbar lordosis (LL, 59.1° ± 10.5°), thoracic kyphosis (TK, 37.2° ± 13.3°) and proximal junctional angle (PJA, 13.3° ± 6.1°) at the last follow-up than the ASF (LL: 43.4° ± 9.4°; TK: 20.7° ± 8.4°; PJA: 4.7° ± 3.4°; P < 0.05), but without significant difference in proximal junctional kyphosis (PJK) and sagittal vertical axis (SVA) (P > 0.05). After controlling for age, Risser sign, and radiographic parameters related to the primary curve pattern, shorter fusion segments and more distal reserved segments still remained significant in the ASF group with greater Risser sign (P < 0.05). No major intra- or post-operative complications occurred. CONCLUSIONS: Both ASF and PSF could obtain satisfactory coronal and sagittal correction for Lenke 5 AIS; compared with PSF, ASF could shorten the fusion segments by lowering UIV, and save more distal fusion segments only in patients with greater skeletal maturity.

16.
Lancet HIV ; 2021 Nov 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34762838

RESUMO

In 2019, the US Government announced its goal to end the HIV epidemic within 10 years, mirroring the initiatives set forth by UNAIDS. Public health prevention interventions are a crucial part of this ambitious goal. However, numerous challenges to this goal exist, including improving HIV awareness, increasing early HIV infection detection, ensuring rapid treatment, optimising resource distribution, and providing efficient prevention services for vulnerable populations. Artificial intelligence has had a pivotal role in revolutionising health care and has shown great potential in developing effective HIV prevention intervention strategies. Although artificial intelligence has been used in a few HIV prevention intervention areas, there are challenges to address and opportunities to explore.

17.
Sci Total Environ ; : 151371, 2021 Nov 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34740641

RESUMO

Antibiotics are challenging to degrade and are excreted by livestock which results in environmental pollution. In this paper, we demonstrated that environmentally friendly manure bioremediation performed by black soldier fly larvae (BSFL) is a wise alternative, which could effectively degrade ciprofloxacin (CIP) by approached 85.48% in artificial diet and 84.22% in poultry manure within 12 days. They are up to 2.5-4.0 fold more than that achieved by natural fermentation. The five CIP-degrading strains were isolated from the larval gut, two of which, named by Klebsiella pneumoniae BSFLG-CIP1 and Proteus mirabilis BSFLG-CIP5, could degraded CIP by nearly 98.22% and 97.83% in vitro, respectively. When the intestinal isolates were re-inoculated to sterile BSFL system, the degradation level significantly increased up to 82.38%, comparing with the sterile BSFL system (21.76%). It is proved that the larvae intestinal microbiota might carry out this highly-efficient CIP-degradation. Furthermore, seven possible metabolites were identified for CIP-degradation in vitro, and they were referring three main potential degrading mechanisms of hydroxylize, piperazine ring substitute and cleavage, and quinoline ring cleavage. In conclusion, the present study may provide a strategy to reduce antibiotics pollution in animal waste through bioremediation with BSFL and adjusted intestinal microbes.

18.
Front Aging Neurosci ; 13: 764872, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34764864

RESUMO

Objectives: Alzheimer's disease (AD) is the most prevalent neurodegenerative disorder and the most common form of dementia in the older people. Some types of mild cognitive impairment (MCI) are the clinical precursors of AD, while other MCI forms tend to remain stable over time and do not progress to AD. To discriminate MCI patients at risk of AD from stable MCI, we propose a novel deep-learning radiomics (DLR) model based on 18F-fluorodeoxyglucose positron emission tomography (18F-FDG PET) images and combine DLR features with clinical parameters (DLR+C) to improve diagnostic performance. Methods: 18F-fluorodeoxyglucose positron emission tomography (PET) data from the Alzheimer's disease Neuroimaging Initiative database (ADNI) were collected, including 168 patients with MCI who converted to AD within 3 years and 187 patients with MCI without conversion within 3 years. These subjects were randomly partitioned into 90 % for the training/validation group and 10 % for the independent test group. The proposed DLR approach consists of three steps: base DL model pre-training, network features extraction, and integration of DLR+C, where a convolution network serves as a feature encoder, and a support vector machine (SVM) operated as the classifier. In comparative experiments, we compared our DLR+C method with four other methods: the standard uptake value ratio (SUVR) method, Radiomics-ROI method, Clinical method, and SUVR + Clinical method. To guarantee the robustness, 10-fold cross-validation was processed 100 times. Results: Under the DLR model, our proposed DLR+C was advantageous and yielded the best classification performance in the diagnosis of conversion with the accuracy, sensitivity, and specificity of 90.62 ± 1.16, 87.50 ± 0.00, and 93.39 ± 2.19%, respectively. In contrast, the respective accuracy of the other four methods reached 68.38 ± 1.27, 73.31 ± 6.93, 81.09 ± 1.97, and 85.35 ± 0.72 %. These results suggested the DLR approach could be used successfully in the prediction of conversion to AD, and that our proposed DLR-combined clinical information was effective. Conclusions: This study showed DLR+C could provide a novel and valuable method for the computer-assisted diagnosis of conversion to AD from MCI. This DLR+C method provided a quantitative biomarker which could predict conversion to AD in MCI patients.

19.
Zhongguo Zhong Yao Za Zhi ; 46(19): 5072-5079, 2021 Oct.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34738403

RESUMO

Polysaccharide is among the main active components of Ganoderma lucidum for tumor prevention and treatment. Howe-ver, it remains unclear whether it has synergy with tumor immunotherapy. This study evaluated the effect of G. lucidum polysaccharides(GLP) on the infiltration of T lymphocytes into tumor and the underlying mechanism, in order to provide a reference for its application in tumor immunotherapy. GLP were prepared by water extraction and alcohol precipitation combined with Sevag method and then given(intraperitoneal injection) to the mice bearing B16-F10 cells at 25, 50 and 100 mg kg~(-1), respectively, to evaluate the effect on tumor growth. The infiltration of CD3~+ and CD8~+ T cells and the expression of intercellular cell adhesion molecule-1(ICAM-1) in tumor were detected by immunohistochemistry. EA.hy926 cells were treated with 50, 100 and 200 µg·mL~(-1) GLP, and the expression of ICAM-1 was determined by Western blot. The adhesion of EA.hy926 cells treated with GLP was measured with fluorescence-labeled Jurkat cells. To analyze the mechanism based on NF-κB pathway, this study determined the protein levels of nuclear factor kappa-B(NF-κB) p65, alpha inhibitor of NF-κB(IκBα), p-NF-κB p65 and p-IκBα by Western blot. The results showed that GLP can significantly inhibit the tumor growth in mice bearing B16-F10 cells, promote the infiltration of CD3~+ and CD8~+ T cells in tumor, and increase the expression of ICAM-1 in tumor. Meanwhile, GLP could also enhance the expression of ICAM-1 in EA.hy926 cells, thus strengthen the adhesion to Jurkat cells, induce phosphorylation and protein degradation of IκBα, and raise the expression and phosphorylation level of NF-κB p65. These results suggested that GLP could promote the expression of ICAM-1 through NF-κB pathway and further enhance the infiltration of T lymphocytes into tumor, thereby inhibiting tumor growth. This study lays a foundation for the further application of GLP in tumor immunotherapy.


Assuntos
Neoplasias , Reishi , Animais , Células Endoteliais/metabolismo , Molécula 1 de Adesão Intercelular/genética , Camundongos , NF-kappa B/genética , NF-kappa B/metabolismo , Polissacarídeos , Transdução de Sinais , Linfócitos T , Fator de Necrose Tumoral alfa
20.
Zhongguo Zhong Yao Za Zhi ; 46(20): 5436-5442, 2021 Oct.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34738447

RESUMO

Liangmianzhen(Zanthoxyli Radix) has long been used as medicine. The current medicinal parts are different from those in the ancient. As recorded in the Chinese Pharmacopeia, the medicinal part is root. However, in ancient works, the medicinal parts include root, stem, leaf, and fruit. In an attempt to find the historical basis that stem is a reasonable medicinal part, the herbalogical study was carried out on this medicinal based on the formal names, synonyms, original plant, medicinal parts, habitat of the medicinal plant, producing area, processing and preparation methods, efficacy, and indications recorded in ancient Chinese materia medica and local gazetteers. The results showed that Liangmianzhen was firstly recorded as a medicinal in Shennong's Classic of Materia Medica with the formal name of "Manjiao". "Manjiao" was adopted from the Han Dynasty to the Qing Dynasty when it was changed to "Rudijinniu", the name originating from the folk in the south of the Five Ridges. Now, the formal name is "Liangmianzhen", which was firstly recorded in Wuxuan County Gazetteer in 1914 and then as a synonym in the Updated Records of Picking Herbs in the South of the Five Ridges. According to the formal names, synonyms, and the descriptions of the original plant, the medicinal plants of Liang-mianzhen have the characteristics of shrub-like young seedlings, vine adult seedlings, corymbiform thyrsus, stems with thorns, amphitropous golden-yellow roots with horn-like branches, and thorns on both sides of the leaves. Thus, "Manjiao", "Rudijinniu", and "Liangmianzhen" were from the same species of Zanthoxylum nitidum(Rutaceae), which was also verified based on the growth environment, habitat, processing and preparation methods, efficacy, and indications. In ancient times, the stem and root were the main medicinal parts and leaves and fruits were also used. However, in the Chinese Pharmacopeia, root is recorded as the only medicinal part, which is obviously inconsistent with the records in the ancient classics. In light of the limited medicinal resources for Liang-mianzhen, other medicinal parts of Z. nitidum is recommended. This study clarified the medicinal parts of Z. nitidum in history. It is recommended that the stem be added to the medicinal parts of Z. nitidum in the next edition of Chinese Pharmacopeia.


Assuntos
Medicamentos de Ervas Chinesas , Materia Medica , Plantas Medicinais , China , Frutas , Medicina Tradicional Chinesa
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