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1.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36373950

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The influence of overall air pollution on dementia risk and the potential effect modification by other risk factors remain to be clarified. METHODS: We selected 459,844 UK residents who were free of dementia and had data on the exposure to PM2.5, PM2.5-10, PM10, NO2, and NOx during baseline recruitment. The combined exposure to various PMs and NOx was estimated by using an air pollution score. Hazard ratios (HRs) and 95% confidence intervals (CIs) for incident dementia were estimated by Multivariable Cox models. RESULTS: During a median 11.7 years of follow-up, 5,905 incident cases of all-cause dementia were identified. With the exception of PM2.5-10, all other air pollutants were separately associated with a higher risk of all-cause dementia (all P-trend <0.001) with generally similar associations for dementia subtypes. An increasing air pollution score was associated with higher risks of all-cause as well as individual dementia outcomes, with adjusted HRs (95% CI) of 1.27 (1.18, 1.37) for all-cause dementia, 1.27 (1.14, 1.43) for Alzheimer's disease, and 1.35 (1.16, 1.57) for vascular dementia when comparing the highest with the lowest quartile of the score (all P-trend <0.001). These associations of air pollution score with dementia and its subtypes were observed among never and former smokers but not among current smokers (all P-interaction <0.030). CONCLUSIONS: Air pollution was associated with higher risk of dementia among nonsmokers but not current smokers. Additional studies are required to confirm our findings and to explore the potential mechanisms underlying the possible effect modification by smoking status.

2.
Front Cardiovasc Med ; 9: 948707, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36324752

RESUMO

Background and objects: A longer duration of hypertension (HTN) has been suggested to be associated with a greater risk of cardiovascular disease (CVD). Whether such an association is similar for mortality risk, and whether HTN duration is associated with CVD/mortality beyond blood pressure (BP) control levels are yet to be assessed. We aimed to examine the associations of HTN duration and the combination of HTN duration and systolic blood pressure (SBP)/diastolic blood pressure (DBP) with risks of CVD and all-cause mortality. Methods: We used data on ∼450,000 UK residents. Participants were categorized by HTN status and HTN duration. The primary outcome was a composite of non-fatal myocardial infarction, non-fatal stroke and CVD death. We also explored the results for the above-mentioned CVD outcomes separately. All-cause mortality was also used as a secondary outcome. The age at HTN diagnosis was obtained by self-report. HTN duration was calculated as baseline age minus age at diagnosis. Results: Among all participants, compared with non-hypertensive participants, those with a longer HTN duration had increased risks of CVD and all-cause mortality. These associations persisted among hypertensive patients. Specifically, compared with patients with HTN durations of < 5 y, patients with a HTN duration of 5 to < 10 y, 10 to < 15 y, and ≥ 15 y had adjusted HRs (95% CI) of 1.09 (1.03, 1.17), 1.21 (1.13, 1.31), and 1.38 (1.29, 1.48) for composite CVD (P-trend < 0.001); and 1.03 (0.97, 1.08), 1.09 (1.02, 1.16), and 1.17 (1.11, 1.24) for all-cause mortality (P-trend < 0.001). When compared with hypertensive patients with BP < 140/90 mmHg and a HTN duration of < 5 y, adjusted HRs of CVD and all-cause mortality were 1.35 (1.15, 1.57) and 1.26 (1.11, 1.42) for those with BP < 140/90 mmHg and a duration of ≥ 15 y, and 1.43 (1.26, 1.60) and 1.13 (1.03, 1.25) for those with BP ≥ 140/90 mmHg and durations of ≥ 15 y, respectively. Conclusion: A longer HTN duration was associated with increased risks of CVD and overall death in a linear fashion, and these associations were independent of BP control levels.

3.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36383477

RESUMO

CONTEXT: The influences of diabetes duration and glycemic control and their potential interplays on the risk of heart failure (HF) remain unclear. OBJECTIVE: This work aimed to investigate the association of diabetes duration and glycemic control with the risk of HF. METHODS: A total of 23 754 individuals with diabetes but without HF during the baseline recruitment of UK Biobank were included in this study. Duration of diabetes was self-reported, and the status of glycemic control was reflected by glycated hemoglobin A1c (HbA1c) levels. Their associations with incident HF were assessed using multivariate Cox models adjusting for traditional risk factors. RESULTS: Duration of diabetes and HbA1c levels both were positively associated with the risk of HF. The hazard ratios (HRs) (95% CI) for diabetes durations of 5 to less than 10, 10 to less than 15, and 15 years or more were 1.09 (0.97-1.23), 1.13 (0.97-1.30), and 1.32 (1.15-1.53), respectively (vs < 5 years); and the HRs for HbA1c of 53.0 to less than 58.5 mmol/mol (7.0% to < 7.5%), 58.5 to less than 63.9 mmol/mol (7.5% to < 8.0%), and 63.9 mmol/mol or greater (8.0%) were 1.15 (1.02-1.31), 1.07 (0.91-1.26), and 1.46 (1.30-1.65), respectively (vs < 53.0 mmol/mol [7.0%]). Individuals with the longest disease duration (≥ 15 years) and poorer glycemic control (HbA1c  ≥ 63.9 mmol/mol [8.0%]) had a particularly higher risk of HF (P for interaction = .026). CONCLUSION: The risk of HF among individuals with diabetes increases with a longer duration of diabetes and increasing HbA1c levels. This finding may contribute to the individualized prevention of HF in patients with diabetes if being considered in clinical practices and policy-making.

4.
Liver Int ; 2022 Sep 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36069651

RESUMO

BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Epidemiological evidence regarding the association of air pollution with the risk of non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) is limited. This study was to examine the associations of long-term exposure to various air pollutants and overall air pollution with risk of incident NAFLD as well as cirrhosis, a major liver-related morbidity for NAFLD. METHODS: Included were 456 687 UK residents. Air pollution data included PM2.5 , PM2.5-10 , PM10 , NO2 and NOx . A weighted air pollution score was also generated from PM10 and NOx . Cox proportional hazard models were employed to estimate the hazard ratios (HRs) and 95% confidence intervals (CIs). RESULTS: We identified 4978 cases of NAFLD and 1575 cases of incident cirrhosis, over a median follow-up of 11.9 years. PM2.5 , PM10 , NO2 and NOx exposures contributed to the excess risk of NAFLD associated with air pollution score; and the corresponding adjusted HRs (95% CI) were 1.10 (1.05, 1.14), 1.14 (1.09, 1.20), 1.19 (1.13, 1.24) and 1.11 (1.07, 1.15), respectively, for each interquartile range increase in the above specific air pollutants. Similar patterns were also indicated for cirrhosis risk. Alcohol consumption was an effect modifier for the association between air pollution score and NAFLD risk, whereas body mass index modified the association for cirrhosis risk. CONCLUSION: Long-term exposure to air pollution was associated with risks of NAFLD and cirrhosis among the UK population.

5.
Small Methods ; 6(11): e2200853, 2022 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36161304

RESUMO

Conventional chemotherapy and radiotherapy are nonselective and nonspecific for cell killing, causing serious side effects and threatening the lives of patients. It is of great significance to develop more accurate tumor-targeting therapeutic strategies. Nanotechnology is in a leading position to provide new treatment options for cancer, and it has great potential for selective targeted therapy and controlled drug release. 2D nanomaterials (2D NMs) have broad application prospects in the field of tumor-targeted delivery systems due to their special structure-based functions and excellent optical, electrical, and thermal properties. This review emphasizes the design strategies of tumor-targeted delivery systems based on 2D NMs from three aspects: passive targeting, active targeting, and tumor-microenvironment targeting, in order to promote the rational application of 2D NMs in clinical practice.


Assuntos
Nanoestruturas , Neoplasias , Humanos , Sistemas de Liberação de Medicamentos , Nanoestruturas/uso terapêutico , Neoplasias/tratamento farmacológico , Nanotecnologia , Microambiente Tumoral
6.
Diabetes Care ; 2022 Aug 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35944243

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To examine the association between microvascular disease (MVD) and risk of heart failure (HF) among individuals with type 1 diabetes mellitus (T1DM) or type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM). RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODS: We included 1,713 and 28,624 participants with T1DM and T2DM, respectively, from the UK Biobank who were free of HF during enrollment. MVD burden reflected by the presence of retinopathy, peripheral neuropathy, and chronic kidney disease (CKD) at baseline was prospectively evaluated for the association with incidence of HF. Hazard ratios (HRs) and 95% CIs of HF were estimated by Cox regression models adjusted for multiple traditional risk factors. RESULTS: There were 145 and 2,515 incident cases of HF recorded among participants with T1DM and T2DM, respectively, during a median follow-up of 11.5 years. The association between the number of MVD and HF was stronger among participants with T1DM than among those with T2DM (P for interaction <0.001). Compared with participants with no MVD, those with all three MVD had an adjusted HR (95% CI) of 11.37 (5.62, 22.99) in T1DM and 3.66 (2.74, 4.88) in T2DM. In T1DM, HRs (CIs) were 2.69 (1.75, 4.14) for retinopathy, 2.11 (1.38, 3.23) for peripheral neuropathy, and 2.21 (1.53, 3.18) for CKD. The corresponding estimates in T2DM were 1.24 (1.13, 1.36), 1.63 (1.36, 1.96), and 1.73 (1.59, 1.89), respectively. CONCLUSIONS: While a heavier burden of MVD was associated with excess risk of HF both in T1DM and T2DM, the association was evidently more pronounced in T1DM.

7.
Circ Heart Fail ; 15(9): e009592, 2022 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35975661

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Whether lifestyle factors are similarly associated with risk of heart failure (HF) for individuals with different metabolic or genetic risk status remains unclear. METHODS: We included 464 483 participants from UK Biobank who were free of major cardiovascular disease or HF during baseline recruitment. Healthy lifestyle factors included avoidance of smoking, no obesity, regular physical activity, and healthy diet. Lifestyle was categorized as favorable (3 or 4 healthy lifestyle factors), intermediate (2 healthy lifestyle factors), and unfavorable (0 or 1 healthy lifestyle factor) lifestyles. Metabolic status was defined by the presence of hypertension, high total cholesterol, or diabetes at baseline. A weighted genetic risk score was created based on 12 single-nucleotide polymorphisms associated with HF. RESULTS: Compared with favorable lifestyle, the multivariable-adjusted hazard ratios of HF were 1.79 (95% CI, 1.68-1.90) and 2.90 (95% CI, 2.70-3.11) for intermediate lifestyle and unfavorable lifestyle, respectively (Ptrend <0.0001). This association was largely consistent regardless of the presence of any single metabolic risk factor or the number of metabolic risk factors (Pinteraction ≥0.21). The association was also similar across different genetic risk categories (Pinteraction=0.92). In a joint analysis, the hazard ratio of HF was 4.05 (95% CI, 3.43-4.77) comparing participants who had both higher genetic risk and an unfavorable lifestyle with those having lower genetic risk and a favorable lifestyle. CONCLUSIONS: Combined lifestyle was associated with incident HF regardless of metabolic or genetic risk status, supporting the recommendation of healthy lifestyles for HF prevention across the entire population.


Assuntos
Insuficiência Cardíaca , Humanos , Colesterol , Insuficiência Cardíaca/epidemiologia , Insuficiência Cardíaca/genética , Insuficiência Cardíaca/prevenção & controle , Incidência , Estilo de Vida , Estudos Prospectivos , Fatores de Risco
8.
Ecotoxicol Environ Saf ; 242: 113835, 2022 Sep 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35816845

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Epidemiological evidence regarding the associations between long-term exposure to air pollution and risk of incident inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) is scant. OBJECTIVES: We examined the associations of various specific air pollutants with the risk of incident ulcerative colitis and Crohn's disease, two subtypes of IBD, among middle and old aged adults in the UK. We also explored potential susceptible subgroups. METHODS: We used data from the UK Biobank study. Information on air pollution, including PM2.5, PM2.5-10, PM10 as well as NO2 and NOx were estimated using the Land Use Regression model. Multivariable Cox proportional hazards models were used to calculate hazard ratios (HRs) and 95% confidence intervals (CIs). RESULTS: After a median follow-up of 11.7 years, 1872 incident ulcerative colitis and 865 incident Crohn's disease cases were identified among 455,210 IBD-free participants. HRs (95% CIs) of ulcerative colitis associated with each 1 interquartile range (IQR) increase in PM2.5, PM2.5-10, PM10, NO2, and NOx were 1.06 (1.01, 1.12), 1.03 (0.99, 1.08), 1.09 (1.03, 1.16), 1.12 (1.07, 1.19), and 1.07 (1.02, 1.12), respectively. The associations between all the air pollutants and risk of Crohn's disease were null. Smoking status and sex appeared to respectively modify the associations between some air pollutants and risk of ulcerative colitis and Crohn's disease. CONCLUSION: Long-term exposure to various air pollutants was associated with the risk of incident ulcerative colitis but not Crohn's disease, highlighting the importance of developing environmental health strategy to reduce the burden of ulcerative colitis.


Assuntos
Poluentes Atmosféricos , Poluição do Ar , Colite Ulcerativa , Doença de Crohn , Doenças Inflamatórias Intestinais , Adulto , Poluentes Atmosféricos/análise , Poluição do Ar/efeitos adversos , Colite Ulcerativa/epidemiologia , Doença de Crohn/epidemiologia , Exposição Ambiental/efeitos adversos , Exposição Ambiental/análise , Humanos , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Dióxido de Nitrogênio/análise , Material Particulado/efeitos adversos , Material Particulado/análise
9.
J Diabetes ; 14(6): 365-376, 2022 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35668633

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Greater lipid variability may cause adverse health events among diabetic patients. We aimed to examine the effect of lipid variability on the risk of diabetic microvascular outcomes among type 2 diabetes mellitus patients. METHODS: We assessed the association between visit-to-visit variability (measured by variability independent of mean) in high-density lipoprotein (HDL) cholesterol, low-density lipoprotein-cholesterol (LDL), triglyceride, and remnant cholesterol (RC) measurements among participants involved in the Action to Control Cardiovascular Risk in Diabetes (ACCORD) study and the risk of incident microvascular outcomes, including nephropathy, neuropathy, and retinopathy. Cox proportional hazards models were used to estimate the hazard ratios (HRs) and 95% confidence intervals (CIs), adjusted for potential confounders. RESULTS: There were 2400, 2470, and 2468 cases of nephropathy, neuropathy, and retinopathy during a follow-up period of 22 600, 21 542, and 26 701 person-years, respectively. Higher levels of HDL, triglyceride, and RC variability were associated with an increased risk of incident nephropathy and neuropathy. Compared with the lowest quartile, the fully adjusted HRs (95% CI) for the highest quartile of HDL, triglyceride, and RC variability for nephropathy risk were 1.57 (1.22, 2.01), 1.50 (1.18, 1.92), and 1.40 (1.09, 1.80), respectively; and for neuropathy, the corresponding risks were 1.36 (1.05, 1.75), 1.47 (1.14, 1.91), and 1.35 (1.04, 1.74), respectively. Null association was observed between LDL variability and all microvascular complications. Additionally, all associations of variability in the other lipids with retinopathy risk were null. CONCLUSION: Among individuals with type 2 diabetes mellitus, HDL, triglyceride, and RC variability were associated with increased risks of nephropathy and neuropathy but not retinopathy. TRIAL REGISTRATION: ClinicalTrials.gov., no. NCT00000620.


Assuntos
Doenças Cardiovasculares , Diabetes Mellitus Tipo 2 , Doenças Retinianas , Doenças Cardiovasculares/epidemiologia , Doenças Cardiovasculares/etiologia , Doenças Cardiovasculares/prevenção & controle , HDL-Colesterol , Diabetes Mellitus Tipo 2/complicações , Fatores de Risco de Doenças Cardíacas , Humanos , Doenças Retinianas/complicações , Fatores de Risco , Triglicerídeos
10.
Environ Sci Technol ; 56(12): 8485-8495, 2022 06 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35616623

RESUMO

Little is known about the links between long-term exposure to air pollution and risk of incident microvascular disease (retinopathy, peripheral neuropathy, and chronic kidney disease). This study included 396 014 UK residents free of microvascular disease and macrovascular disease at baseline. Annual means of PM2.5, PM2.5-10, PM10, NO2, and NOx were assessed by land use regression models for each participant. A weighted air pollution score was generated from PM10 and NOx. Cox proportional hazards models were used to estimate hazard ratios (HRs) and 95% confidence intervals (CIs). During a median follow-up of 11.7 years, 14 327 composite microvascular disease occurred. While none of the air pollutants showed any statistically significant association with the risk of retinopathy, all the air pollutants were linked to the risk of peripheral neuropathy and chronic kidney disease. The adjusted-HRs (95% CIs) for each interquartile range increase in air pollution score were 1.07 (1.05, 1.09), 1.01 (0.94, 1.07), 1.13 (1.08, 1.19), and 1.07 (1.05, 1.10) for overall microvascular disease, retinopathy, peripheral neuropathy, and chronic kidney disease, respectively. In conclusion, long-term exposure to overall air pollution was associated with higher risks of peripheral neuropathy and chronic kidney disease among the general UK population.


Assuntos
Poluentes Atmosféricos , Poluição do Ar , Poluentes Ambientais , Insuficiência Renal Crônica , Doenças Retinianas , Poluentes Atmosféricos/análise , Poluição do Ar/análise , Estudos de Coortes , Exposição Ambiental/análise , Humanos , Material Particulado/análise
11.
Diabetes Metab J ; 46(5): 767-780, 2022 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35584801

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Obesity is associated with adverse health events among diabetic patients, however, the relationship between obesity fluctuation and risk of microvascular complications among this specific population is unclear. We aimed to examine the effect of waist circumference (WC) and body mass index (BMI) variability on the risk of diabetic microvascular outcome. METHODS: Annually recorded anthropometric data in the Action to Control Cardiovascular Risk in Diabetes (ACCORD) study was used to examine the association of WC and BMI variability defined as variability independent of mean, with the risk of microvascular outcomes, including neuropathy, nephropathy, and retinopathy. Cox proportional hazards models were used to estimate the hazard ratios (HRs) and 95% confidence intervals (CIs) (Trial registration: ClinicalTrials.gov., no. NCT00000620). RESULTS: There were 4,031, 5,369, and 2,601 cases of neuropathy, nephropathy, and retinopathy during a follow-up period of 22,524, 23,941, and 23,850 person-years, respectively. Higher levels of WC and BMI variability were associated with an increased risk of neuropathy. Compared with the lowest quartile, the fully-adjusted HR (95% CI) for the highest quartile of WC and BMI variability for neuropathy risk were 1.21 (1.05 to 1.40) and 1.16 (1.00 to 1.33), respectively. Also, higher quartiles of BMI variability but not WC variability were associated with increased risk of nephropathic events. The fully-adjusted HR (95% CI) for the highest quartile compared with the lowest quartile of BMI variability was 1.31 (1.18 to 1.46). However, the results for retinopathic events were all insignificant. CONCLUSION: Among participants with type 2 diabetes mellitus, WC and BMI variability were associated with a higher risk of neuropathic events, whereas BMI variability was associated with an increased risk of nephropathic events.


Assuntos
Diabetes Mellitus Tipo 2 , Doenças Retinianas , Índice de Massa Corporal , Diabetes Mellitus Tipo 2/complicações , Diabetes Mellitus Tipo 2/epidemiologia , Fatores de Risco de Doenças Cardíacas , Humanos , Obesidade/complicações , Obesidade/epidemiologia , Doenças Retinianas/complicações , Fatores de Risco , Circunferência da Cintura
12.
Stem Cell Res Ther ; 13(1): 106, 2022 03 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35279206

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The balance between osteogenesis and adipogenesis of mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) is critical to skeletal development and diseases. As a research hotspot, circular RNAs (circRNAs) have expanded our understanding of a hidden layer of the transcriptome. Yet, their roles during adipo-osteogenesis remain poorly described. METHODS: The identity of human MSCs derived from bone marrow and adipose were first determined by flow cytometry, cellular staining, and quantitative polymerase chain reaction (qPCR). Multi-strategic RNA-sequencing was performed using Poly A, RiboMinus and RiboMinus/RNase R methods. Integrative analysis was performed to identify lineage-specific expressed circRNAs. The structural and expressional characteristics were identified by Sanger sequencing and qPCR, respectively. The regulatory effects of adipogenesis-specific circ-CRLF1 were confirmed using siRNA transcfection and qPCR. RESULTS: We generated a whole transcriptome map during adipo-osteogenesis based on 10 Poly A, 20 RiboMinus and 20 RiboMinus/ RNase R datasets. A total of 31,326 circRNAs were identified and quantified from ~ 3.4 billion paired-end reads. Furthermore, the integrative analysis revealed that 1166 circRNA genes exhibited strong lineage-specific expression patterns. Their host genes were enriched in distinct biological functions, such as cell adhesion, cytokine signaling, and cell division. We randomly selected and validated the back-spliced junction sites and expression patterns of 12 lineage-specific circRNAs. Functional analysis indicated that circ-CRLF1 negatively regulated adipogenesis. CONCLUSIONS: Our integrative analysis reveals an accurate and generally applicable lineage-specific circRNA landscape for adipo-osteogenesis of MSCs and provides a potential therapeutic target, circ-CRLF1, for the treatment of skeleton-related disease.


Assuntos
Células-Tronco Mesenquimais , MicroRNAs , Adipogenia/genética , Humanos , Células-Tronco Mesenquimais/metabolismo , MicroRNAs/metabolismo , Osteogênese/genética , RNA/genética , RNA/metabolismo , RNA Circular/genética
13.
Front Public Health ; 10: 824783, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35211447

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The association between high-sensitivity C-reactive protein (hsCRP) levels and all-cause mortality for the oldest-old (aged 80 years or older) remains unclear. We aimed to investigate the associations between hsCRP concentrations and the risks of all-cause mortality, and further identify the potential modifying factors affecting these associations among the oldest-old. METHODS: This prospective, community-based cohort study included 2,206 participants aged 80 years or older (median age 93.0 years) from the Healthy Aging and Biomarkers Cohort Study. Cox proportional hazards regression models were used to estimate hazard ratios (HRs) with 95% confidential intervals (95% CIs) for all-cause mortality according to hsCRP quartiles and recommendation for relative risk categories of hsCRP levels (< 1.0, 1.0-3.0, and > 3.0 mg/L), with adjustment for sociodemographic information, lifestyle, physical examination, medical history, and other potential confounders. RESULTS: During a median follow-up period of 3.1 years (IQR: 1.6-3.9 years), 1,106 deaths were verified. After full adjustment for potential confounders, a higher hsCRP concentration was positively associated with an increased risk of all-cause mortality (P for trend < 0.001). Compared with the lowest quartile, the fully adjusted HRs of the second, third, and fourth quartiles were 1.17 (95% CI: 0.94, 1.46), 1.28 (95% CI: 1.01, 1.61), and 1.49 (95% CI: 1.20, 1.87), respectively. The association of hsCRP with all-cause mortality was modified by smoking status (P for interaction = 0.011), an increased risk of hsCRP with all-cause mortality showed among non-current smokers (HR: 1.17; 95% CI: 1.07, 1.28), but no significance was observed in current smokers (HR: 0.83; 95% CI: 0.66, 1.18). CONCLUSIONS: Our study indicated that elevated hsCRP concentrations were associated with a higher risk of all-cause mortality among Chinese oldest-old. Future studies investigating additional factors of disease and aging processes are needed to obtain a better understanding of the mechanisms.


Assuntos
Proteína C-Reativa , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , China/epidemiologia , Estudos de Coortes , Humanos , Modelos de Riscos Proporcionais , Estudos Prospectivos
14.
J Hypertens ; 40(2): 410-411, 2022 02 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34992201
15.
BMC Infect Dis ; 22(1): 7, 2022 Jan 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34983422

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The reported incidence of sexually transmitted infections (STIs) in China has been increasing over the last decades, especially among drug users, which has become one of the main burdens of public health in China. This study was conducted to estimate the prevalence and associated factors of STIs among non-injecting methamphetamine (MA) users in Eastern China. METHODS: A cross-sectional survey was conducted among 632 MA users in Eastern China in 2017. Demographic characteristics, sexual behaviors, behaviors of MA use and sexual health knowledge were collected through questionnaire. First pass urine specimens were collected and detected for deoxyribonucleic acid (DNA) of Neisseria gonorrhoeae (NG) and Chlamydia trachomatis (CT) with Nucleic Acid Amplification Technology (NAAT), while blood specimens were collected and detected for antibodies of Human immunodeficiency virus (HIV), Herpes simplex virus type-2 (HSV-2), and syphilis with enzyme-linked immune sorbent assay (ELISA). RESULTS: Among the 632 MA users, 464 (73.42%) were males, 60.92% were < 35 years of age, 546 (86.39%) were Shandong residents. 317 (50.16%, 95% CI 46.26-54.06%) participants were tested positive for at least one kind of STIs, including 242 (38.29%, 95% CI 34.50-42.08%) for HSV-2, 107 (16.93%, 95% CI 14.01-19.85%) for active syphilis, 46 (7.28%, 95% CI 5.25-9.31%) for treated syphilis, 40 (6.33%, 95% CI 4.43-8.23%) for CT, 6 (0.95%, 95% CI 0.19-1.71%) for HIV, and 3 (0.47%, 95% CI 0.06-1.00%) for NG infection. 99 (15.66%, 95% CI 12.83-18.49%) participants were co-infected with two kinds of STIs, including 91 (14.40%, 95% CI 11.66-17.14%) participants were co-infected with HSV-2 and syphilis. 14 (2.22%, 95% CI 1.07-3.37%) participants were co-infected with three kinds of STIs, and 4 HIV positive participants were co-infected with both syphilis and HSV-2. In the multiple logistic regression analysis, the results showed that females (adjusted OR [AOR] = 7.30, 95% CI 4.34-12.30) and individuals ≥ 35 years of age (AOR = 2.97, 95% CI 2.04-4.32) were more likely to test positive for STIs among MA users, whereas participants who acquired sexual health knowledge primarily from the Internet (AOR = 0.57, 95% CI 0.40-0.82) and those whose regular partners did not use drugs (AOR = 0.59, 95% CI 0.37-0.94) were less likely. CONCLUSIONS: This study found that the prevalence of HSV-2 and syphilis are alarming high among non-injecting MA users in Shandong Province in Eastern China. The prevention and control intervention of STIs among MA users in Shandong were needed, especially on females and MA users ≥ 35 years of age.


Assuntos
Infecções por HIV , Metanfetamina , Infecções Sexualmente Transmissíveis , Sífilis , China/epidemiologia , Estudos Transversais , Feminino , Infecções por HIV/complicações , Infecções por HIV/epidemiologia , Humanos , Masculino , Prevalência , Fatores de Risco , Comportamento Sexual , Infecções Sexualmente Transmissíveis/epidemiologia , Sífilis/epidemiologia
16.
J Gerontol A Biol Sci Med Sci ; 77(1): 180-187, 2022 01 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33674815

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Evidence regarding the associations of tooth loss and denture use with incident cognitive impairment is inconclusive in older adults, and few prospective studies have examined the potential interaction between tooth loss and denture use in these specific populations. METHODS: Data were assessed from 17 079 cognitively normal older adults aged ≥65 years, participating in the Chinese Longitudinal Healthy Longevity Survey. The outcome of interest was cognitive impairment (assessed by the Chinese version of Mini-Mental State Examination). The number of natural teeth and status of denture use were collected by a structural questionnaire. RESULTS: A total of 6456 cases of cognitive impairment were recorded during 88 627 person-years of follow-up. We found that compared with participants with 20+ teeth, those with 10-19, 1-9, and 0 teeth had increased risks of incident cognitive impairment (p-trend < .001). Participants without dentures also had a higher risk of incident cognitive impairment, compared with those who wore dentures. Effect modification by denture use was observed (p-interaction = .010). Specifically, among those without dentures, the adjusted hazard ratio (95% confidence interval) for participants with 10-19, 1-9, and 0 teeth were 1.19 (1.08, 1.30), 1.28 (1.17, 1.39), and 1.28 (1.16, 1.41), respectively, as compared to those with 20+ teeth. In contrary, among denture users, detrimental effect was only observed among those with 0 teeth (hazard ratio 1.14, 95% confidence interval: 1.16, 1.41). CONCLUSIONS: In Chinese older adults, maintaining 20+ teeth is important for cognitive health; denture use would attenuate the detrimental effects of tooth loss, especially for partial tooth loss, on cognitive impairment.


Assuntos
Disfunção Cognitiva , Perda de Dente , Idoso , China/epidemiologia , Disfunção Cognitiva/epidemiologia , Disfunção Cognitiva/etiologia , Estudos de Coortes , Dentaduras/efeitos adversos , Humanos , Estudos Prospectivos , Perda de Dente/epidemiologia
17.
Front Endocrinol (Lausanne) ; 12: 719666, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34777240

RESUMO

Background: Lean body mass (LBM) and fat mass (FM) have been shown to have different associations with several chronic diseases but little is known about the sex-specific association of LBM and FM with diabetic nephropathy (DN) risk among participants with diabetes. Methods: Participants from the Action to Control Cardiovascular Risk in Diabetes (ACCORD) study was used in a post hoc analysis to examine the association of predicted LBM index (LBMI) and FM index (FMI) with incident DN risk (defined as a composite outcome of three types of predefined DN). Because of sex differences in body composition, analyses were conducted separately using sex-specific quartiles of predicted LBMI and FMI. Results: Of the 9,022 participants with type 2 diabetes (5,575 men and 3,447 women) included in this study, 5,374 individuals developed DN (3,396 in men and 1,978 in women). Higher quartiles of LBMI were associated with a reduced risk of DN while higher quartiles of FMI were associated with an increased higher risk of DN among men but not women. Compared with the lowest quartile, the fully adjusted hazard ratios (HRs) and 95% confidence intervals (CIs)for the highest quartile of predicted LBMI and FMI were respectively 0.83 (95% CI 1.71 - 0.96) and 1.23 (95% CI 1.06-1.43) among men; and 0.92 (95% CI 0.63 - 1.33) and 1.14 (95% CI 0.79 - 1.63) among women. Conclusions: Among participants with diabetes, predicted LBMI was inversely associated with risk of DN while predicted FMI was positively associated with an increased risk of incident DN among men but not women. Trial registration: ClinicalTrials.gov., no. NCT00000620.


Assuntos
Composição Corporal/fisiologia , Diabetes Mellitus Tipo 2 , Nefropatias Diabéticas , Tecido Adiposo/metabolismo , Tecido Adiposo/patologia , Idoso , Índice de Massa Corporal , Diabetes Mellitus Tipo 2/complicações , Diabetes Mellitus Tipo 2/epidemiologia , Diabetes Mellitus Tipo 2/metabolismo , Diabetes Mellitus Tipo 2/patologia , Nefropatias Diabéticas/epidemiologia , Nefropatias Diabéticas/etiologia , Nefropatias Diabéticas/metabolismo , Feminino , Fatores de Risco de Doenças Cardíacas , Humanos , Incidência , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Músculos/metabolismo , Músculos/patologia , Ensaios Clínicos Controlados Aleatórios como Assunto , Estudos Retrospectivos
18.
Inorg Chem ; 60(17): 13434-13439, 2021 Sep 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34423965

RESUMO

Herein, a Co(II) heteroatom metal-organic framework was successfully post-modified via unsaturated coordinated S precisely capturing Ni2+ on the surface of the porous structure. The newly pristine bimetallic MOFs have increasing active edge sites (Ni(II) and S), boosting electrocatalytic activity toward oxygen evolution reaction and hydrogen evolution reaction.

19.
Front Endocrinol (Lausanne) ; 12: 706845, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34421824

RESUMO

Background: The prevalence of diabetes is on the rise globally coupled with its associated complications, such as diabetic nephropathy (DN). Obesity has been identified as a risk factor for the development of DN but it is still unclear which obesity index is the best predictor of incident DN. Methods: Data from the participants with type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) in the Action to Control Cardiovascular Risk in Diabetes (ACCORD) study were used to examine the sex-specific association between waist circumference (WC), waist-to-height ratio (WHtR), and body mass index (BMI) with incident DN risk. Results: Among the 8,887 participants with T2DM (5,489 men and 3,398 women), 5,296 participants (3,345 men and 1,951 women) developed the DN composite outcome during a follow-up period of 24302 person-years. Among men, null associations were observed between all anthropometric measures with incident DN in the multivariate analysis although the 3rd quartile of WHtR showed marginally significant results (P = 0.052). However, among women, both central and general obesity measures were associated with increased risks of incident DN. Compared with participants in the WC <88 cm category, the fully adjusted HR and 95% CI for those in the ≥88 cm of WC was 1.35 (95% CI 1.15-1.57). Compared with the lowest quartile, the fully adjusted HRs and 95% CIs for the 2nd to the 4th quartile of WHtR were 1.09 (95% CI 0.96-1.25), 1.12 (95% CI 0.98-1.28), and 1.14 (95% CI 1.00-1.30) respectively; also, compared with the normal BMI category, the fully adjusted HRs and 95% CIs for class I - class III obese were 1.36 (95% CI 1.10 - 1.67), 1.43 (95% CI 1.16 - 1.78) and 1.32 (95% CI 1.05 - 1.66) respectively. Conclusions: Among participants with T2DM, higher levels of both central and general obesity indexes were associated with DN risk among women but not in men. Women with T2DM should maintain a healthy weight targeted at reducing both central and general obesity to enhance nephroprotection. Trial registration: ClinicalTrials.gov., no. NCT00000620.


Assuntos
Biomarcadores/sangue , Índice de Massa Corporal , Diabetes Mellitus Tipo 2/complicações , Nefropatias Diabéticas/epidemiologia , Obesidade/fisiopatologia , Circunferência da Cintura , Razão Cintura-Estatura , Estudos de Casos e Controles , Nefropatias Diabéticas/etiologia , Nefropatias Diabéticas/patologia , Feminino , Seguimentos , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Prognóstico , Estudos Prospectivos , Fatores de Risco
20.
J Gerontol A Biol Sci Med Sci ; 76(11): 2062-2070, 2021 10 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34331763

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: To investigate the influence of diabetes duration and glycemic control, assessed by glycated hemoglobin (HbA1c) levels, on risk of incident dementia. METHODS: The present study is a prospective study of 461 563 participants from the UK Biobank. The age at diabetes diagnosis was determined by self-report. Diabetes duration was calculated as baseline age minus age at diagnosis. Cox proportional hazards regression models were used to estimate hazard ratios (HRs) with 95% confidential intervals (CIs). RESULTS: During a median follow-up of 8.1 years, 2 233 dementia cases were recorded. As compared with normoglycemic individuals, individuals with diabetes had higher risk of all-cause dementia, and the risk increased with increasing duration of diabetes; compared with participants with diabetes duration of <5 years, the multivariable-adjusted HRs (95% CIs) were 1.49 (1.12-1.97), 1.71 (1.21-2.41), and 2.15 (1.60-2.90) for those with diabetes durations ≥5 to < 10, ≥10 to <15, and ≥ 15 years, respectively (p for trend < .001). Among participants with diabetes, those with both longer diabetes duration (diabetes duration ≥ 10 years) and poor glycemic control (HbA1c ≥ 8%) had the highest risk of all-cause dementia (multivariable-adjusted HR = 2.07, 95% CI 1.45, 2.94), compared with patients with shorter duration of diabetes and better glycemic control (diabetes duration < 10 years and HbA1c < 8%). CONCLUSIONS: Diabetes duration appeared to be associated with the risk of incident dementia due to factors beyond glycemic control. Clinicians should consider not only glycemic control but also diabetes duration in dementia risk assessments for patients with diabetes.


Assuntos
Demência , Diabetes Mellitus Tipo 2 , Diabetes Mellitus , Glicemia , Estudos de Coortes , Demência/etiologia , Diabetes Mellitus/epidemiologia , Diabetes Mellitus Tipo 2/complicações , Hemoglobina A Glicada/análise , Controle Glicêmico , Humanos , Estudos Prospectivos , Fatores de Risco
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