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1.
J Cell Biochem ; 2020 Apr 29.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32348599

RESUMO

Current studies indicate that long non-coding RNA (lncRNA) is often abnormally expressed in hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). We intend to generate a multi-lncRNA signal to improve the prognosis of HCC. By analyzing 12 pairs of HCC and adjacent normal mucosal tissues, 3900 differentially expressed lncrnas were identified as candidate biomarkers for the prognosis of HCC. Then, the 12-lncrna signature was constructed using the LASSO Cox regression method and verified in the TCGA training dataset. Finally, we established a novel 12-lncrna signature that was significantly associated with overall survival (OS) in the training data set. With the use of 12-lncrna markers, patients in the training cohort were divided into high-risk and low-risk groups with significant OV differences (P < .0001). Similar results were consistent in the TCGA verification dataset (P = .046). Multivariate Cox model was used to analyze and construct the risk scores of selected key lncRNA and AJCC stages. The results showed that, compared with AJCC stages, lncRNA-based risk scores were another important factor affecting the OS of patients. We found that risk scores based on lncRNA have a stronger prediction ability than the AJCC stage alone on 4-year OS. For 4-year survival rates, prediction combined with the lncRNA risk score and AJCC stage, model effectiveness (sensitivity and specificity) has reached to 0.750. To further explore the biological processes involved in prognostic lncRNA, all HCC samples in TCGA are divided into two groups according to the median lncRNA risk score, and analyzed the gene enrichment of high expression genes and low expression genes in KEGG data using goana in limma. The results suggest that the genes associated with tumor pathways, such as PI3K-Akt and ECM-receptor interaction, are highly expressed in the high risk group.

2.
Infect Drug Resist ; 12: 2505-2518, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31496764

RESUMO

Objective: This retrospective study was conducted to determine the prevalence and molecular epidemiology characteristics of carbapenem-resistant Escherichia coli (CRE). Methods: A total of 593 Escherichia coli (E. coli) isolates were recovered from pigs and urban river from 2009 to 2014 in Heilongjiang Province of China. Forty CRE including 22 strains isolated from fecal samples of pigs and 18 strains isolated from water samples were selected. PCR detection of resistance determinants, multi-locus sequence typing (MLST), pulsed-field gel electrophoresis (PFGE), and phylogenetic groups were performed to characterize CRE isolates. Conjugation experiments, plasmid stability testing, PCR-based replicon typing (PBRT), and PCR mapping were conducted to analyze bla NDM-carrying plasmids. In vitro time-growth studies and competition experiments were carried out to assess the fitness impact of NDM carriage. Results: Five NDM-1-positive E. coli isolates were identified from water samples. Genetic environment analysis revealed that a cluster of genes (ISAba125-bla NDM-1-ble MBL-ΔtrpF) was detected in all of the NDM-1-positive isolates. Conjugation assays showed that bla NDM-1 could be successfully transferred to E. coli J53 from 5 donor strains at frequencies of 4.6×10-5 to 2.6×10-2. The plasmids from all transconjugants belonged to different plasmid replicon types including IncA/C (n=2), IncFII (n=1) and IncX3 (n=2). In vitro time-growth studies revealed that bla NDM-1 did not have a significant impact on cell proliferation. Meanwhile, competition experiments showed that the acquisition of bla NDM-1 can place an energy burden on the bacterial host and incur fitness cost. However, plasmid stability testing showed that bla NDM-1-carrying plasmid remained stable in the hosts after seven passages without antimicrobial selection. Conclusion: The study revealed the early molecular epidemiology and dissemination characteristics of CRE. In addition, the overall antimicrobial resistance in E. coli recovered from water samples is higher than the strains isolated from fecal samples of pigs. Furthermore, we isolated and identified five NDM-1-producing E. coli strains from water samples.

3.
Can J Physiol Pharmacol ; 96(3): 281-286, 2018 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28977758

RESUMO

We intended to explore whether NH4Cl influences the viability and regulates the expression of Wnt/ß-catenin pathway in hepatocytes. The Chang liver cell line was used and cultured with different concentrations of NH4Cl (2.5, 5, 10, 20, 40, and 50 mmol/L) for 12, 24, and 48 h. The viability of hepatocytes was detected by MTT assay. The mRNA and protein expression level was analyzed with qRT-PCR and Western blotting, respectively. NH4Cl concentration significantly affects the viability of hepatocytes. With the increase of NH4Cl concentration, the viability of hepatocytes was decreased, accordingly. The mRNA and protein expression of Wnt1, ß-catenin, and cyclin D was significantly increased after treatment with low concentrations of NH4Cl as compared with the control group, whereas their expression levels were decreased after treatment with high concentrations of NH4Cl. The mRNA and protein expression of Wnt1, ß-catenin, and cyclin D was also significantly increased after treatment with NH4Cl for a short period as compared with the control group, whereas their expression levels were decreased after treatment with NH4Cl for a long period. In addition, we found NH4Cl treatment significantly reversed the results after RNA silencing of Wnt1 in hepatocytes. NH4Cl influences the viability of hepatocytes and affects the expression of Wnt/ß-catenin pathway in hepatocytes.


Assuntos
Cloreto de Amônio/farmacologia , Regulação da Expressão Gênica/efeitos dos fármacos , Hepatócitos/citologia , Hepatócitos/efeitos dos fármacos , Via de Sinalização Wnt/efeitos dos fármacos , Linhagem Celular , Sobrevivência Celular/efeitos dos fármacos , Ciclina D/genética , Ciclina D/metabolismo , Relação Dose-Resposta a Droga , Hepatócitos/metabolismo , Humanos , Interferência de RNA , Fatores de Tempo , Proteína Wnt1/deficiência , Proteína Wnt1/genética , Proteína Wnt1/metabolismo , beta Catenina/genética , beta Catenina/metabolismo
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