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1.
Zhonghua Liu Xing Bing Xue Za Zhi ; 41(6): 913-918, 2020 Jun 10.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32564559

RESUMO

Objectives: To understand the prevalence of HIV nucleic acid using internet-based dry blood spots HIV testing strategy in men who had sex with men (MSM) and to probe the factors associated with HIV infection. Methods: Using convenient sampling method, 1 375 MSM were recruited and their dry blood spots samples were collected before being mailed to the laboratories for HIV nucleic acid testing. Results were showed to these MSM on a specific website by inputting their codes to it. Non-conditional binary logistic regression method was used to identify the associated factors on HIV infection. Results: The overall proportions of HIV nucleic acid positives appeared as 9.7% (131/1 349) and HIV antibody positives as 8.3% (112/1 349). Fresh infections accounted for 14.5% (19/131) among the newly-identified HIV nucleic acid positives, and the interval was ranging from 6 to 120 days, between the laboratory testings and the closest date that experiencing high risk behavior. Risk factors that related to HIV infection would include: 30 to 39 years of age (comparing to those under the age of 30, OR=1.88, 95%CI: 1.07-3.29), ≥8 000 Yuan of monthly income (comparing to those without income, OR=0.42, 95%CI: 0.19-0.96), inconsistent condom use during anal sexual contacts in the last six months (compared with those who had not anal sex or used condoms consistently in anal sex in the past six months, OR=2.22, 95%CI: 1.45-3.40), ever use of Rush Poppers (compared with those who never used Rush Poppers, OR=2.33, 95%CI: 1.49-3.64), addictive drug abuse (compared with those who never abused addictive drugs, OR=5.43, 95%CI: 2.32-12.69), and not having regular sexual partners (compared with having regular sexual partners, OR=1.74, 95%CI: 1.13-2.68) etc.. Conclusions: Dry blood spots HIV nucleic acid testing could help to identify the fresh HIV infections at an early stage, so as to prevent further transmission in the MSM population, among which fresh HIV infections accounted for a fairly large proportion. It is necessary to set up programs in reducing the abuse of drugs or Rush Poppers, and to promote condom use and advocate on stable sexual partnership etc., among the MSM population.

3.
Zhonghua Wei Chang Wai Ke Za Zhi ; 23(3): 300-304, 2020 Mar 25.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32192311

RESUMO

Objective: To investigate the value of sedation in colonoscopy. Methods: A retrospective cohort study of colonoscopy procedures was performed in our institution. Inclusion criteria: (1) colonoscopy procedures were performed by well-trained gastrointestinal surgeons our institution; (2) medical records were complete and colonoscopy was documented properly by notes, videos, photographs, and traceable pathological reports. Those with incomplete records or performed in other institution were excluded. According to above criteria, clinical data of 49 057 cases of clinic and hospitalization receiving diagnostic or therapeutic colonoscopyat Department of Gastric and Colorectal Surgery, Daping Hospital from July 2007 to February 2017 were collected. Among them, there were 24 638 (50.2%) males and 24 419 females, with mean age of (50.6±14.1) (4 to 98) years. Based on the application of sedation during colonoscopy, patients were divided into the sedation group (39 412 cases, 80.3%) and the non-sedation group (9 645 cases, 19.7%). Clinical characteristics of two groups were compared. Results: The sedation rate increased from 45.6% (369/810) to 94.8% (917/967) from 2007 to 2017. As compared to non-sedation group, a higher proportion of females [51.0% (20 095/39 412) vs. 44.8% (4 324/9 645), χ(2)=117.422, P<0.001] and younger median age (50.0 years vs. 51.0 years, Z=-4.774, P<0.001) were found in the sedation group, whose differences were statistically significant. In all the 9645 cases in the non-sedation group, about 5.5% (534) of them terminated the examination because of unbearable discomfort, including 244 (4.6%) males and 290 (6.7%) females (χ(2)=20.522, P<0.001). Among all the screening population who were ≥50 years old, there was no significant difference in the polyp detection rate (PDR) between the sedation group and the non-sedation group [26.7% (4 737/17 753) vs. 27.4% (1 093/3 984), χ(2)=0.937, P=0.330]. The cecal intubation rate (CIR) in the sedation group was significantly higher than that in the non-sedation group [(85.2% (14 422/16 933) vs. 76.1% (2 803/3 682), χ(2)=180.032, P<0.001]. Five cases in the sedation group developed iatrogenic colonic perforation (ICP), with none in the non-sedation group. Conclusions: The application of sedation in colonoscopy is increasingly popular. Sedation can significantly improve CIR in colonoscopy, while it has no positive influence on PDR. Meanwhile, sedation increases the medical expense and may result in higher ICP rate.


Assuntos
Ceco , Colonoscopia , Adolescente , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Criança , Pré-Escolar , Feminino , Hospitais , Humanos , Masculino , Programas de Rastreamento , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Estudos Retrospectivos , Adulto Jovem
4.
Plant Sci ; 290: 110245, 2020 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31779890

RESUMO

ABA is important for plant growth and development; however, it also inhibits photosynthesis by regulating the stomatal aperture and ribulose-1,5-bisphosphate carboxylase/oxygenase activity. Noteworthy, this negative effect can be alleviated by antioxidants including ascorbic acid (AsA) and catalase (CAT), but the underlying mechanism remains unclear. Two rice cultivars, Zhefu802 (recurrent parent) and its near-isogenic line, fgl were selected and planted in a greenhouse with 30/24 °C (day/night) under natural sunlight conditions. Compared to fgl, Zhefu802 had significantly lower net photosynthetic rate (PN) and stomatal conductance (Cond) as well as significantly higher ABA and H2O2 contents. However, AsA and CAT increased PN, Cond, and stomatal aperture, which decreased H2O2 and malondialdehyde (MDA) levels. In this process, AsA and CAT significantly increased the ribulose-1,5-bisphosphate carboxylase activity, while they strongly decreased the ribulose-1,5-bisphosphate oxygenase activity, and finally caused an obvious decrease in the ratio of photorespiration (Pr) to PN. Additionally, AsA and CAT significantly increased the expression levels of RbcS and RbcL genes of leaves, while H2O2 significantly decreased them, especially the RbcS gene. In summary, the removal of H2O2 by AsA and CAT can improve the leaf photosynthesis by alleviating the inhibition on the stomatal conductance and ribulose-1,5-bisphosphate carboxylase capacity caused by ABA.


Assuntos
Antioxidantes/metabolismo , Oryza/fisiologia , Fotossíntese , Estômatos de Plantas/fisiologia , Ribulose-Bifosfato Carboxilase/metabolismo
5.
Zhonghua Wei Chang Wai Ke Za Zhi ; 22(11): 1027-1033, 2019 Nov 25.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31770833

RESUMO

Objective: To understand the prevalence, diagnosis and treatment of chronic critical illness (CCI) in China. Methods: The clinical data of 472 adult patients admitted to ICU in 53 hospitals, including basic information, disease-related data, nutrition program, etc., were collected on May 10, 2019, by means of multi-center cross-sectional study. If surgical intervention was needed or the occurrence of the disease was directly related to the surgery, ICU patients were regarded as surgical ICU cases (n=211). In this study, the diagnostic criteria for CCI were: (1) admission to ICU >14 days;(2) combined with persistent organ dysfunction. The prevalence,distribution and treatment of CCI and surgery-related CCI were recorded and analyzed. The Mann-Whitney U test, chi-square test or Fisher exact test were used for comparative analysis. Results: Among the 472 ICU patients from 53 hospitals, 326 were male (69.1%) and 146 were female (30.9%). The prevalence of CCI was 30.7% (145/472). Among 211 surgery-related ICU patients, 57 developed CCI with a prevalence of 27.0%. As compared to non-CCI patients, higher APACHE II score [median (IQR) 13.5 (10.0, 18.3) vs. 11.0 (7.0, 16.0), U=2970.000, P=0.007], higher Charlson comorbidity index [median (IQR) 4.0 (2.0, 7.0) vs. 3.0 (1.0, 5.0), U= 3570.000, P=0.036] and higher ratio of breath dysfunction [68.4% (39/57) vs. 48.1% (74/154), χ(2)=6.939, P=0.008] and renal dysfunction [42.1% (24/57) vs. 18.2% (28/154), χ(2)=12.821, P<0.001] were found in surgery-related CCI patients. While SOFA score, Glasgow coma score and other visceral function were not significantly different between surgery-related CCI and non-CCI patients (all P>0.05). NUTRIC score showed that surgery-related CCI patients had higher nutritional risk [43.9% (25/57) vs. 26.6%(41/154), U=5.750, P=0.016] and higher ratio of mechanical ventilation [66.7% (38/57) vs. 52.3% (79/154), χ(2)=3.977, P=0.046] than non-CCI patients. On the survey day, the daily caloric requirements of 50.2% (106/211) of surgery-related ICU patients were calculated according to the standard adult caloric intake index (104.6 to 125.5 kJ·kg(-1)·d(-1), 1 kJ=0.239 kcal), and the daily caloric requirements of 46.4% (98/211) of patients were calculated by physicians according to the severity of the patient's condition. 60.2% (127/211) of nutritional support therapy was enteral nutrition (including a combination of enteral and parenteral nutrition), while the remaining patients received parenteral nutrition (24.6%, 52/211), simple glucose infusion (9.0%, 19/211), or oral diet (6.2%, 13/211). The target calorie of CCI group was 104.6 (87.9, 125.5) kJ·kg(-1)·d(-1), and the actual calorie intake accounted for 0.98 (0.80, 1.00) of the target calory. In the non-CCI group, the target calorie was 104.6 (87.9, 125.5) kJ·kg(-1)·d(-1), and the actual calorie consumed accounted for 0.91 (0.66, 1.00) of the target calorie. There was no statistically significant difference between two groups (P=0.248, P=0.150). Conclusion: The prevalence of CCI and surgery-related CCI in ICU is high, along with severe complications, respiratory and renal dysfunction and mechanical ventilation. Surgical patients admitted to ICU are at high nutritional risk, and active and correct nutritional support is essential for such patients.


Assuntos
Estado Terminal/epidemiologia , Estado Terminal/terapia , Adulto , China/epidemiologia , Doença Crônica/epidemiologia , Doença Crônica/terapia , Estudos Transversais , Feminino , Humanos , Unidades de Terapia Intensiva/estatística & dados numéricos , Masculino , Apoio Nutricional/estatística & dados numéricos , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Operatórios/efeitos adversos
6.
J Anim Sci ; 97(11): 4579-4587, 2019 Nov 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31408879

RESUMO

The maintenance requirements of net energy and net protein were assumed to represent the most accurate and important values totally for the animal's utilization. The objective of this experiment was to determine the net energy and net protein requirements for maintenance of growing arctic foxes. The experiments was evaluated using regression models estimated from data collected by means of indirect calorimetry, nitrogen balance trials, and digestion and metabolism experiments. Thirty-six growing arctic foxes (3 487 ± 261.7 g) at the age of 85 days were randomly assigned to four groups with 9 animals in each group. Arctic foxes were fed a complete formula diet at four intake levels (100%, or 80%, 60%, and 40% of feed requirements) from 24 July 2017 to 23 September 2017. Arctic foxes in each treatment were kept individually in respiration chambers after 1-d adaptation at day 2 for a 3-d balance trial and then at day 5 followed by a 3-d fasting period. The metabolizable energy intake (MEI), heat production in the fed state (HP), and retained energy (RE) of arctic foxes significantly decreased (P < 0.01) as the feed intake level decreased. Fasting heat production (FHP) of arctic foxes was not influenced by feed intake level (P > 0.05). The metabolizable energy maintenance requirement (MEm) and net energy maintenance requirement (NEm) estimated from the linear relationship between RE and MEI were 230 and 217 kJ/kg of body weight BW0.75/d, respectively. The MEm and NEm estimated by logarithmic regression of HP on MEI were 225 and 209 kJ/kg BW0.75/d, respectively. The net N maintenance requirement (NNm) and net protein maintenance requirement (NPm) estimated from the linear relationship between retained nitrogen (RN) and daily nitrogen intake (NI) were 179.6 mg/kg BW0.75/d and 1.123 g/kg BW0.75/d, respectively. It is concluded that NEm and NPm values obtained fill the net energy and protein requirements shortage, and provide the basic data for establishing the standard of nutrition demand of breeding arctic foxes in China.


Assuntos
Ração Animal/análise , Metabolismo Energético , Raposas/fisiologia , Nitrogênio/metabolismo , Proteínas/metabolismo , Animais , Peso Corporal , Cruzamento , Calorimetria Indireta/veterinária , China , Dieta/veterinária , Jejum , Raposas/crescimento & desenvolvimento , Masculino , Necessidades Nutricionais , Termogênese
7.
Eur Rev Med Pharmacol Sci ; 23(13): 5958-5966, 2019 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31298347

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: Many studies have recently suggested that dendritic cell (DC) vaccine contributes to the immunotherapy of various types of human tumors. It has been proved that the tumor antigen sensitizing and the gene silencing are effective methods for the preparation of the DC vaccines. The aim of this study is to investigate the specific anti-laryngocarcinoma immune response for the suppression of cytokine signaling1 (SOCS1) silencing and Hep-2 sensitizing DC. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The dendritic cells derived from peripheral blood mononuclear cells were induced by cytokines GM-CSF, IL-4, and TNF-α in vitro, and the morphological characteristics of dendritic cells were observed under a microscope, indicating that they successfully differentiated into dendritic cells. The RNA interference vector was used to transfect dendritic cells. The expression of SOCS1 was detected by Western blot and the effective target sequence for inhibiting the expression of SOCS1 was screened. The expressions of CD83, CD86, and HLA-DR on dendritic cells were detected by flow cytometry. The content of IFN-γ in the supernatant was analyzed by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA). Methyl thiazolyl tetrazolium (MTT) was used to evaluate the ability of dendritic cells to stimulate T cell proliferation and induce the killing activity of cytotoxic T cells. RESULTS: The result of PCR and Western blot analysis shows that the expression of SOCS1 significantly decreased under the influence of the 5th interference sequence. The flow cytometric analysis results show that SOCS1 silencing and Hep-2 sensitizing dendritic cells had high expressions of CD83 (85.61±0.96)%, CD86 (96.86±1.20)%, and HLA-DR (98.02±0.94)%. The DC vaccine could increase the production of IFN-γ according to the ELISA assay results. The MTT assay results show that the DC vaccine could also stimulate the proliferation of the T cells and effectively and eventually enhance the specific killing effect of CTL. CONCLUSIONS: SOCS1 silencing and Hep-2 sensitizing DC vaccine could induce an effective and specific anti-laryngocarcinoma immune response.

8.
Zhonghua Jie He He Hu Xi Za Zhi ; 42(5): 372-377, 2019 May 12.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31137114

RESUMO

Objective: To explore the value of cathepsin S in the bronchoalveolar lavage fluid (BALF) of patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) in the evaluation of pulmonary function and CT phenotypes. Method: From April 2014 to April 2017, 46 patients with stable COPD were enrolled, and 29 healthy volunteers served as the control group. The patients were divided into 4 subgroups: GOLD Ⅰ(n=12), GOLD Ⅱ(n=6), GOLD Ⅲ(n=14), GOLD Ⅳ(n=14). The levels of cathepsin S and IFN-γ in BALF were determined by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA). The percentage ratio of low attenuation area to total lung area (LAA%), two times the ratio of airway wall thickness to outer diameter(2T/D), and the ratio of wall area to total cross-sectional area (WA) were measured by HRCT. Results: There were significant differences in the levels of cathepsin S in BALF between the groups (F=6.639, P=0.000). BALF cathepsin S levels were as follows: GOLD Ⅳ grou P>GOLD Ⅲ grou P>GOLD Ⅱ grou P>GOLD group Ⅰ >healthy control group (P value were all<0.05); LAA grade 3>LAA grade 2>LAA grade 1>LAA grade 0 (P value were all<0.05). Correlation analysis showed that BALF cathepsin S levels were correlated negatively with FEV(1)/FVC, FEV(1)% predicted, and DLCO% (r value was -0.065、-0.576、-0.392, respectively, P value were all<0.05), and but positively with RV/TLC%, LAA%, 2T/D, WA and IFN-γ(r value was 0.695, 0.497, 0.142, 0.309, 0.148, respectively, P value were all<0.05). Conclusion: The levels of cathepsin S were associated with the degree of airflow limitation and emphysema phenotype in COPD.


Assuntos
Líquido da Lavagem Broncoalveolar/imunologia , Catepsinas/metabolismo , Pulmão/diagnóstico por imagem , Doença Pulmonar Obstrutiva Crônica/metabolismo , Tomografia Computadorizada por Raios X/métodos , Biomarcadores , Catepsinas/imunologia , Ensaio de Imunoadsorção Enzimática , Humanos , Fenótipo , Doença Pulmonar Obstrutiva Crônica/imunologia , Testes de Função Respiratória
9.
Andrology ; 7(6): 846-851, 2019 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30969016

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The correlation between the increased mean platelet volume and varicocele is controversial. OBJECTIVES: We designed this research to demonstrate the correlation relationship between varicocele and mean platelet volume by studying the changes of mean platelet volume in patients with varicocele before and after operation. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A total of 317 patients with left unilateral varicocele underwent operation, and 293 healthy adult males were enrolled in the study. We collected diagnostic data for preoperative patients through physical examination, color Doppler ultrasonography, and blood routine, and recorded the follow-up data at 6 months after operation for varicocele. Platelet indices and the degree of varicocele or the diameter of spermatic vein correlation analysis were performed. Mean platelet volume values of preoperative and 6-month postoperative were statistically evaluated. RESULTS: We found that the degree of varicocele and the diameter of spermatic vein were positively correlated with mean platelet volume (p = 0.001 or p < 0.001). When the left unilateral varicocele patients and healthy subjects were compared, there was a significant increase in mean platelet volume (p = 0.003). Mean platelet volume values of 96 varicocele patients who were cured by operation for varicocele after 6 months were decreased significantly more than preoperative (p = 0.039), but 32 varicocele patients of 6-month postoperative recurrence could not prove this change (p = 0.930). DISCUSSION AND CONCLUSION: Our research proves that mean platelet volume was positively correlated with the degree of varicocele and the diameter of spermatic vein and varicocele patients showed significantly higher mean platelet volume than healthy subjects. The mean platelet volume of varicocele patients cured by operation for varicocele after 6 months was lower than before, but there was no difference in mean platelet volume between 6-month postoperative recurrent patients with preoperative.

10.
Zhonghua Liu Xing Bing Xue Za Zhi ; 39(12): 1576-1581, 2018 Dec 10.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30572381

RESUMO

Objective: To evaluate the randomness and representativeness of respondent- driven sampling (RDS) tool in conducting the investigation in MSM population, in Beijing, 2017. Methods: RDS tool was used to recruit MSM population for a face-to-face interview with structured questionnaire and serological tests. Results: A total of 600 MSM people were sampled and interviewed. The median number of personal network of seeds was 10, which was higher than other MSM people recruited. The numbers of recruitments by wave presented a skewed positive distribution and the highest number was in the fourth wave. It was also dramatically varied from different seeds. Three seeds had the longest chains and had recruited 184, 113 and 92 MSM people, respectively. In contrast, five seeds recruited less than 10 MSM people. Two college students were the most non-generative seeds and each recruited only 1 MSM person. After five to nine waves of sampling, the major demographic characteristics reached equilibrium. Both convergence and bottleneck plots of major demographic characteristics reached convergence, although the plots on marriage and education did not. The homophiles of characteristics were all closed to 1, except for education. The HIV positive rate appeared as 7.9% (95%CI: 4.4%-11.4%) . Conclusions: Results from this study showed that RDS could be used as a feasible sampling method for the study on MSM population with major demographic characteristics reached equilibrium. The process of recruitment appeared controllable and reasonable, showing that this could represent the MSM population in Beijing, in some degree.


Assuntos
Infecções por HIV/epidemiologia , Homossexualidade Masculina/estatística & dados numéricos , Seleção de Pacientes , Minorias Sexuais e de Gênero , Inquéritos e Questionários , Pequim/epidemiologia , Humanos , Masculino , Avaliação de Resultados em Cuidados de Saúde/métodos , Avaliação de Resultados em Cuidados de Saúde/estatística & dados numéricos , Prevalência , Amostragem
11.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29996242

RESUMO

Objective: To evaluate the comprehensive workplace health promotion intervention effects on workplace health promotion in 10 government agencies. Methods: A prospective self-controlled design was employed. Baseline evaluation and effectiveness evaluation were both conducted by questionnaire investigation. Results: The intervention results showed that most effectiveness indicators were significantly improved including health behaviors, psychosocial work environment, and health status. After the intervention, the prevalence of passive smoking and physical inactivity decreased from 70.3% and 38.7% to 44.1% and 30.5%, respectively. The scores of job control and social support at work increased by 0.30 and 0.05, respectively. The prevalence of good self-rated health and good mental health raised from 68.3% and 68.8% to 75.6% and 85.6%, respectively. However, the scores of job demand increased by 0.4. Furthermore, the prevalence of occupational stress increased significantly from 45.8% to 65.5%. Conclusion: After implementing workplace health promotion, the physical and mental health of the staff have been promoted. However, the occupational stress of government officials still need to be improved.


Assuntos
Órgãos Governamentais , Promoção da Saúde , Saúde do Trabalhador , Avaliação de Programas e Projetos de Saúde/métodos , Local de Trabalho , Humanos , Estresse Ocupacional/prevenção & controle , Estudos Prospectivos , Estresse Psicológico , Inquéritos e Questionários
12.
Zhonghua Yi Shi Za Zhi ; 48(2): 85-90, 2018 Mar 28.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30032580

RESUMO

Jixuecao was first recorded in the Shennong bencaojing. The variety of plant referred to is undefined because of a lack of detailed description in the medical books of the Han and Tang dynasties. From the Song dynasty to the Republican period Jixuecao refers to Glechoma longituba (Nakai) Kupr. The name was also recorded as Jinqiancao instead of Jixuecao in the Bencao gangmu shiyi from the Qing dynasty to the Republican period, though it refers to the same plant. In recent times, Jixuecao has evolved to refer to Centella asiatica (L.) Urb, Jinqiancao now refers to Lysimachia christinae Hance, while G. longituba (Nakai) Kupr. is now called Lianqiancao. It is thus determined that G. longituba (Nakai) Kupr. alone is unequivocally the original plant referred to as Jixuecao, and has the longest medicinal history.


Assuntos
Livros/história , Medicamentos de Ervas Chinesas/história , História do Século XV , História do Século XVI , História do Século XVII , História do Século XVIII , História do Século XIX , História do Século XX , História Antiga , História Medieval
13.
Neoplasma ; 65(5): 745-752, 2018 Sep 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29940775

RESUMO

The early-stage diagnosis and treatment for the recurrence of larynx carcinoma needs further investigation. Mesenchyme homeobox 2 (MEOX2) was speculated as a novel suppressor gene in larynx carcinoma in our study, the molecular mechanism was studied. Real-time quantitative PCR (RT-qPCR) and Western blot were used to detect mRNA and protein levels of MEOX2 in laryngeal cancer tissues and cells (Hep-2, TU212, AMC-NH-8 and TU686 cells), and also apoptosis and phosphoinositide 3-kinase (PI3K)/protein kinase (Akt) related factors in TU212 cells transfected with MEOX2. Cell counting kit-8 (CCK8) assay and Annexin-Ⅴ/PI staining assay were conducted to determine cell viability and apoptosis rates respectively.46 patients with larynx carcinoma were involved in this study. The expression of MEOX2 was lower in larynx carcinoma tissues than normal tissues, correlated with clinical stages, differentiated degrees, and survival times. The expression of MEOX2 was the lowest among those laryngeal cancer cells, and was chosen to be transfected with MEOX2 in the following study. Over-expression of MEOX2 inhibited cell viability and promoted apoptosis of TU212 cells, via increasing the expression levels of Caspase-3, and decreasing levels of C-Myc, XIAP, PI3K p110α, PI3K p110ß, PI3K class III and p-Akt. In summary, the expression levels of MEOX2 were inhibited in larynx carcinoma than normal tissues, correlated with the progression of the cancer. Over-expression of MEOX2 in laryngeal cancer cells inhibited cell viability and promoted apoptosis, via regulating apoptosis and PI3K/Akt pathway related factors. It would provide evidence for MEOX2 to be used as a therapeutical gene in larynx carcinoma.


Assuntos
Apoptose , Proteínas de Homeodomínio/genética , Neoplasias Laríngeas/patologia , Transdução de Sinais , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Proliferação de Células , Humanos , Neoplasias Laríngeas/genética , Recidiva Local de Neoplasia , Fosfatidilinositol 3-Quinases , Proteínas Proto-Oncogênicas c-akt
14.
HLA ; 2018 May 22.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29790284

RESUMO

HLA-A*24:231 has one nucleotide change from HLA-A*24:02:01:01 at position 784 G>C.

15.
HLA ; 92(3): 175-176, 2018 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29498488

RESUMO

HLA-B*27:103 has one nucleotide change from HLA-B*27:04:01 at position 121C > T.


Assuntos
Grupo com Ancestrais do Continente Asiático/genética , Medula Óssea/metabolismo , Antígenos HLA-B/genética , Doadores de Tecidos , Alelos , Sequência de Bases , Éxons/genética , Humanos
16.
Zhonghua Yi Shi Za Zhi ; 48(5): 275-279, 2018 Sep 28.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30646665

RESUMO

Mulberry leaf was first recorded in the Shennong Bencao Jing(The Classic of Herbal Medicine)《》 on the list of drugs affixed, and first separate recorded in the Bencao Shiyi(Supplement to Materia Medica)《》. By checking Chinese herbs' literature of the harvest processing and application of mulberry leaves, we found that Mulberry leaves can be harvested in Summer and autumn before the Qing dynasty, but from Qing dynasty to present, those harvested in autumn and winter, which were called frost mulberry leaves or winter mulberry leaves, were seen as better. Before the Republic of China, mulberry leaves were dried in shade or on the fire, after that, they were dried in the sun. It can be found that the harvest processing of mulberry leaves was changing as time went on. The clinical application of mulberry leaves had multiplicity, depending on different picking time and different processing method. It is suggested that research of mulberry leaves on chemistry and pharmacology of picking time, processing method can result in new scientifically clinical application.


Assuntos
Medicamentos de Ervas Chinesas , Materia Medica , Morus , Medicina Tradicional Chinesa , Taiwan
17.
J Stomatol Oral Maxillofac Surg ; 119(2): 158-160, 2018 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29246753

RESUMO

Laugier-Hunziker syndrome (LHS) is a rare, benign, acquired pigmentary condition mainly affecting lips, oral mucosa and acral area, frequently associated with longitudinal melanonychia. Herein, we reported a 45-year-old female case with LHS. The clinical, dermoscopic, histopathologic features of LHS were reviewed and the important differential diagnosis was discussed.


Assuntos
Hiperpigmentação , Doenças Labiais , Doenças da Unha , Feminino , Humanos , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Mucosa Bucal , Síndrome
18.
Zhonghua Jie He He Hu Xi Za Zhi ; 40(12): 903-908, 2017 Dec 12.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29224299

RESUMO

Objective: To investigate the relationship between serum secreted frizzled-related protein 5(sfrp5) levels, insulin resistance, and airway inflammation in patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease(COPD). Method: A total of 178 COPD patients visiting our respiratory outpatient clinic from February 2015 to January 2017 were enrolled, and 99 healthy control subjects from the same time period were selected. Serum sfrp5 levels were compared between the 2 groups. Serum sfrp5 and inflammatory cytokines in induced sputum were observed in the 4 subgroups: insulin resistant COPD group [homeostasis model assessment of insulin resistance (HOMA-IR)≥2.29], non-insulin resistant COPD group, non-COPD insulin resistant group, and healthy control group. Results: Serum sfrp5 levels were found to be significantly higher in the COPD group as compared to the healthy control group (t=-14.29, P<0.001). Serum sfrp5 levels in the insulin resistant COPD group [(8±3)ng/ml] were significantly lower than that of the non-insulin resistant COPD group [(10±5)ng/ml], non-COPD insulin resistant group [(13±3)ng/ml], and normal control group [(14±4)ng/ml, F=35.85, P<0.01]. The insulin resistant COPD group had higher levels of In(Homa-IR), as well as tumor necrosis factor-α (TNF-α) and interleukin-6 (IL-6) in induced sputum as compared to the non-insulin resistant COPD group, non-COPD insulin resistant group, and healthy control group (F values were 64.968, 41.40, 64.15, respectively, P value <0.01 for all items). The non-insulin resistant COPD group had higher levels of In(HOMA-IR) as well as TNF-α and IL-6 in induced sputum as compared to the non-COPD insulin resistant group and healthy control group. FEV(1)/FVC and FEV(1)% predicted were significantly lower in the insulin resistant COPD group as compared to those of non-insulin resistant COPD group and non-COPD insulin resistant group, and healthy control group (F values were 2.481 and 8.37, respectively, P value<0.05 for all items). FEV(1)/FVC and FEV(1)% predicted were significantly lower in the non-insulin resistant COPD group as compared to those of the healthy control group and non-COPD insulin-resistant group. Serum sfrp5 levels were positively correlated to FEV(1)/FVC and FEV(1) predicted (r values were 0.466 and 0.412, respectively; P values were <0.001 and 0.007, respectively) and inversely correlated to In(HOMA-IR) and TNF-α and IL-6 in induced sputum (r values were -0.304, -0.459, -0.517, respectively; P values were <0.001, 0.002, <0.001, respectively). BMI, ln(HOMA-IR), and IL-6 in induced sputum were independent related factors (r(2) values were 0.286, 0.176, 14.69, respectively; P values were <0.01 for all items) Conclusion: Sfrp5 may be concurrently associated with COPD and insulin resistance; insulin resistance may be associated with airway inflammation and airflow limitation. Sfrp5 may be involved in the development of COPD and may be the key link by which insulin resistance exerts its effects on airway inflammation.


Assuntos
Inflamação , Resistência à Insulina , Peptídeos e Proteínas de Sinalização Intracelular/sangue , Doença Pulmonar Obstrutiva Crônica/fisiopatologia , Escarro/química , Humanos , Resistência à Insulina/fisiologia , Doença Pulmonar Obstrutiva Crônica/sangue
19.
Oncogenesis ; 6(12): 402, 2017 Dec 22.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29284791

RESUMO

Nasopharyngeal carcinoma (NPC) is an epithelial malignancy, which is notorious among head-and-neck cancers with its metastatic feature. Epstein-Barr virus (EBV) infection plays a fundamental role in NPC development with the mechanism is not well understood. Here we demonstrate that EBV oncoprotein LMP1 drives EMT and metastasis of NPC by reactivating the adhesion molecule, cadherin 6 (CDH6), which normally occurs in embryogenesis with unknown role in NPC. CDH6 was found to be upregulated in LMP1-positive NPC tissues, and was identified as a target of the epithelium-specific miR-203. LMP1-activated NF-κB transcriptionally repressed the miR-203 expression by binding to the promoter region of miR-203 gene. CDH6 activation in turn induced EMT and promoted metastasis in NPC. CDH6 depletion, NF-κB inhibitor and miR-203 overexpression were able to impair the EMT effects. The miR-203 downregulation in NPC tissues was strongly associated with metastasis clinically. The CDH6 activator, Runt-related transcription factor 2 (RUNX2), was also activated by EBV in the event. For both CDH6 and RUNX2 are components at TGF-ß downstream, CDH6 became a node protein for the interplay of multiple signalings including NF-κB and TGF-ß. Therefore, the switch-on of miR-203 was important for nasopharyngeal epithelial cells to maintain normal phenotype. This study demonstrates that EBV has evolved sophisticated strategies by driving epithelial cells to obtain malignant features, particularly in NPC metastasis, providing novel biomarkers for the therapy and prognosis of EBV-associated NPC.

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