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1.
Hua Xi Kou Qiang Yi Xue Za Zhi ; 39(5): 591-597, 2021 Oct 01.
Artigo em Inglês, Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34636209

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: This study aims to investigate the diagnostic value of peripheral blood circulating tumor cells (CTCs) in oral squamous cell carcinoma (OSCC) and its correlation with the clinicopathological features of OSCC. METHODS: Ninety-three patients diagnosed as OSCC in the First Affiliated Hospital of Zhengzhou University from May 2019 to May 2020 were selected as the experimental group, and 20 healthy volunteers were employed as the control group. The CTCs value of peripheral blood of the patients were measured by CTCs detection technology, and its clinical significance was analyzed. RESULTS: The CTCs values in the experimental group were higher than those in the control group, and the difference was statistically significant (P<0.000 1). The CTCs value in the peripheral blood of patients in the experimental group were not correlated with gender, site of onset, and presence or absence of peripheral tissue infiltration (P>0.05), but was correlated with age (P=0.022), tumor T stage (P=0.02), tumor N stage (P=0.007 5), tumor M stage (P=0.013), clinical stage (P=0.029), early or late stage (P=0.022), tumor differentiation degree (P<0.001), and node metastasis (P=0.006 4). The AUC value of CTCs in OSCC diagnosis was 0.925, and the energy efficiency was statistically significant [P=0.000, 95%CI (0.876, 0.974)]. When the CTC value was 8.450 FU/3 mL, the maximum value of the Yoden index was 0.853, and the sensitivity and specificity of OSCC diagnosis were 90.3% and 95.0%, respectively. The AUC value of CTCs in the diagnosis of OSCC metastasis was 0.691, and the energy efficiency was statistically significant [P=0.000, 95%CI (0.580, 0.803)]. When the blood CTC value was 12.250 FU/3 mL, the maximum value of Yoden index was 0.367, the sensitivity was 63.6%, and the specificity was 73.3%. Multivariate regression analysis showed that buccal tumor was negatively correlated with CTCs in patients with OSCC (P=0.001 08), N2 stage (P=0.000 74) and M stage (P=0.026 38). High differentiation (P<0.000 1) and moderate differentiation (P=0.001 5) were negatively correlated with CTCs values in patients with OSCC. CONCLUSIONS: Peripheral blood CTCs has important clinical value for early screening, auxiliary diagnosis, evaluation of metastasis, and determination of malignant degree, progression, and pathological grade of OSCC and a relatively reliable tumor detection indicator.


Assuntos
Carcinoma de Células Escamosas , Neoplasias de Cabeça e Pescoço , Neoplasias Bucais , Células Neoplásicas Circulantes , Carcinoma de Células Escamosas/diagnóstico , Humanos , Neoplasias Bucais/diagnóstico , Carcinoma de Células Escamosas de Cabeça e Pescoço
2.
IET Syst Biol ; 2021 Oct 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34647424

RESUMO

Liver hepatocellular carcinoma (LIHC) comprises most cases of liver cancer with a poor prognosis. N6 -methyladenosine (m6A) plays important biological functions in cancers. Thus, the present research was aimed to determine biomarkers of m6A regulators that could effectively predict the prognosis of LIHC patients. Based on the data collected from the Cancer Genome Atlas (TCGA) database, the correlation between the mRNA expression levels and copy number variation (CNV) patterns were determined. Higher mRNA expression resulted from the increasing number of 9 genes. Using the univariate Cox regression analysis, 11 m6A regulators that had close correlations with the LIHC prognosis were identified. In addition, under the support of the multivariate Cox regression models and the least absolute shrinkage and selection operator, a 4-gene (YTHDF2, IGF2BP3, KIAA1429, and ALKBH5) signature of m6A regulators was constructed. This signature was expected to present a prognostic value in LIHC (log-rank test p value < 0.0001). The GSE76427 (n = 94) and ICGC-LIRI-JP (n = 212) datasets were used to validate the prognostic signature, suggesting strong power to predict patients' prognosis for LIHC. To sum up, genetic alterations in m6A regulatory genes were identified as reliable and effective biomarkers for predicting the prognosis of LIHC patients.

3.
Sensors (Basel) ; 21(19)2021 Oct 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34640978

RESUMO

Solid-contact ion-selective electrodes for histamine (HA) determination were fabricated and studied. Gold wire (0.5 mm diameter) was coated with poly(3,4-ethlenedioxythiophene) doped with poly(styrenesulfonate) (PEDOT:PSS) as a solid conductive layer. The polyvinyl chloride matrix embedded with 5,10,15,20-tetraphenyl(porphyrinato)iron(iii) chloride as an ionophore, 2-nitrophenyloctyl ether as a plasticizer and potassium tetrakis(p-chlorophenyl) borate as an ion exchanger was used to cover the PEDOT:PSS layer as a selective membrane. The characteristics of the HA electrodes were also investigated. The detection limit of 8.58 × 10-6 M, the fast response time of less than 5 s, the good reproducibility, the long-term stability and the selectivity in the presence of common interferences in biological fluids were satisfactory. The electrode also performed stably in the pH range of 7-8 and the temperature range of 35-41 °C. Additionally, the recovery rate of 99.7% in artificial cerebrospinal fluid showed the potential for the electrode to be used in biological applications.


Assuntos
Histamina , Eletrodos Íon-Seletivos , Compostos Férricos , Ionóforos , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes
4.
Mol Med Rep ; 24(6)2021 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34651662

RESUMO

Gentamicin (GM) is a commonly used antibiotic, and ototoxicity is one of its side effects. Puerarin (PU) is an isoflavone in kudzu roots that exerts a number of pharmacological effects, including antioxidative and free radical scavenging effects. The present study investigated whether PU could protect against GM­induced ototoxicity in C57BL/6J mice and House Ear Institute­Organ of Corti 1 (HEI­OC1) cells. C57BL/6J mice and HEI­OC1 cells were used to establish models of GM­induced ototoxicity in this study. Auditory brainstem responses were measured to assess hearing thresholds, and microscopy was used to observe the morphology of cochlear hair cells after fluorescent staining. Cell viability was examined with Cell Counting Kit­8 assays. To evaluate cell apoptosis and reactive oxygen species (ROS) production, TUNEL assays, reverse transcription­quantitative PCR, DCFH­DA staining, JC­1 staining and western blotting were performed. PU protected against GM­induced hearing damage in C57BL/6J mice. PU ameliorated the morphological changes of mouse cochlear hair cells and reduced the apoptosis rate of HEI­OC1 cells after GM­mediated damage. GM­induced ototoxicity may be closely related to the upregulation of p53 expression and the activation of endogenous mitochondrial apoptosis pathways, and PU could protect cochlear hair cells from GM­mediated damage by reducing the production of ROS and inhibiting the mitochondria­dependent apoptosis pathway.

5.
Nanoscale Horiz ; 2021 Sep 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34486633

RESUMO

The hierarchical assemblies of well-defined structural nanoclusters can help to better understand those of biologically important molecules such as DNA and proteins. Herein, we disclose the synthesis and characterization of a new silver nanocluster, that is Ag70(SR)42(PPh3)5 (Ag70-TPP). Directed by the ligands, Ag70-TPP nanoclusters undergo self-hierarchical assembly into a highly space-efficient complex secondary structure of a double helical 4H (DH4H) close packing pattern. The chirality of Ag70-TPP, and the van der Waals forces interactions between the ligands are believed to drive its DH4H arrangement, and the observed interlocking of the phosphine ligands of adjacent Ag70-TPP nanoclusters also contributed. Overall, this work has yielded important and unprecedented insights into the internal structure and crystallographic arrangement of nanoclusters.

7.
Nat Commun ; 12(1): 5444, 2021 09 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34521850

RESUMO

Kawasaki disease (KD) is the most common cause of acquired heart disease in children in developed countries. Although functional and phenotypic changes of immune cells have been reported, a global understanding of immune responses underlying acute KD is unclear. Here, using single-cell RNA sequencing, we profile peripheral blood mononuclear cells from seven patients with acute KD before and after intravenous immunoglobulin therapy and from three age-matched healthy controls. The most differentially expressed genes are identified in monocytes, with high expression of pro-inflammatory mediators, immunoglobulin receptors and low expression of MHC class II genes in acute KD. Single-cell RNA sequencing and flow cytometry analyses, of cells from an additional 16 KD patients, show that although the percentage of total B cells is substantially decreased after therapy, the percentage of plasma cells among the B cells is significantly increased. The percentage of CD8+ T cells is decreased in acute KD, notably effector memory CD8+ T cells compared with healthy controls. Oligoclonal expansions of both B cell receptors and T cell receptors are observed after therapy. We identify biological processes potentially underlying the changes of each cell type. The single-cell landscape of both innate and adaptive immune responses provides insights into pathogenesis and therapy of KD.


Assuntos
Linfócitos B/imunologia , Linfócitos T CD8-Positivos/imunologia , Monócitos/imunologia , Síndrome de Linfonodos Mucocutâneos/genética , Plasmócitos/imunologia , Doença Aguda , Imunidade Adaptativa/efeitos dos fármacos , Linfócitos B/efeitos dos fármacos , Linfócitos B/patologia , Linfócitos T CD8-Positivos/efeitos dos fármacos , Linfócitos T CD8-Positivos/patologia , Estudos de Casos e Controles , Proliferação de Células , Criança , Pré-Escolar , Células Clonais , Feminino , Expressão Gênica , Humanos , Imunidade Inata/efeitos dos fármacos , Imunoglobulinas Intravenosas/uso terapêutico , Imunofenotipagem , Masculino , Monócitos/efeitos dos fármacos , Monócitos/patologia , Síndrome de Linfonodos Mucocutâneos/tratamento farmacológico , Síndrome de Linfonodos Mucocutâneos/imunologia , Síndrome de Linfonodos Mucocutâneos/patologia , Plasmócitos/efeitos dos fármacos , Plasmócitos/patologia , Receptores de Antígenos de Linfócitos B/genética , Receptores de Antígenos de Linfócitos B/imunologia , Receptores de Antígenos de Linfócitos T/genética , Receptores de Antígenos de Linfócitos T/imunologia , Análise de Sequência de RNA , Análise de Célula Única
8.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34583911

RESUMO

Mammalian target of rapamycin (mTOR) inhibitor as an attractive drug target with promising antitumor effects has been widely investigated. High quality clinical trial has been conducted in liver transplant (LT) recipients in Western countries. However, the pertinent studies in Eastern world are paucity. Therefore, we designed a clinical trial to test whether sirolimus can improve recurrence-free survival (RFS) in hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) patients beyond the Milan criteria after LT. This is an open-labeled, single-arm, prospective, multicenter, and real-world study aiming to evaluate the clinical outcomes of early switch to sirolimus-based regimens in HCC patients after LT. Patients with a histologically proven HCC and beyond the Milan criteria will be enrolled. The initial immunosuppressant regimens are center-specific for the first 4-6 weeks. The following regimens integrated sirolimus into the regimens as a combination therapy with reduced calcineurin inhibitors based on the condition of patients and centers. The study is planned for 4 years in total with a 2-year enrollment period and a 2-year follow-up. We predict that sirolimus conversion regimen will provide survival benefits for patients particular in the key indicator RFS as well as better quality of life. If the trial is conducted successfully, we will have a continued monitoring over a longer follow-up time to estimate indicator of overall survival. We hope that the outcome will provide better evidence for clinical decision-making and revising treatment guidelines based on Chinese population data. Trial register: Trial registered at http://www.chictr.org.cn: ChiCTR2100042869.

9.
J Mater Chem B ; 9(38): 8056-8066, 2021 Oct 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34491255

RESUMO

Osteoarticular Tuberculosis (TB) is a challenging issue because of its chronicity and recurrence. Many drug delivery systems (DDSs) have been developed for general chemotherapy. Herein, we take advantage of instant hydrogelation to in situ encapsulate drugs onto implants intraoperatively, optimizing the drug release profile against osteoarticular TB. First-line chemodrugs, i.e. rifampicin (RFP) and isoniazid (INH) are firstly loaded on tricalcium phosphate (TCP). Then, the encapsulating hydrogel is fabricated by dipping in chitosan (CS) and ß-glycerophosphate (ß-GP) solution and heating at 80 °C for 40 min. The hydrogel encapsulation inhibits explosive drug release initially, but maintains long-term drug release (INH, 158 days; RFP, 53 days) in vitro. Therefore, this technique could inhibit bone destruction and inflammation from TB effectively in vivo, better than our previous ex situ prepared DDSs. The encapsulating technology, i.e. instant hydrogelation of drug-loaded implants, shows potential for regulating the type and ratio of drugs, elastic and viscous modulus of the hydrogel according to the state of illness intraoperatively for optimal drug release.

10.
Food Res Int ; 148: 110609, 2021 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34507753

RESUMO

Tree peony seed, traditionally used for edible oil production, is rich in α-linolenic acid. However, little attention is given to the fruit by-products during seed oil production. The present work aimed to comprehensively investigate the phytochemical constituents and multiple biological activities of different parts of tree peony fruits harvested from Paeonia ostii and Paeonia rockii. 130 metabolites were rapidly identified through UPLC-Triple-TOF-MS on the basis of MS/MS molecular networking. Metabolite quantification was performed through the targeted approach of HPLC-ESI-QQQ-MS. Eight chemical markers were screened via principal component analysis (PCA) for distinguishing species and tissues. Interestingly, two dominant compounds, paeoniflorin and trans-resveratrol, are specially localized in seed kernel and seed coat, respectively. Unexpectedly, the extracts of fruit pod and seed coat showed significantly stronger antioxidant, antibacterial, and anti-neuroinflammatory activities than seed kernel from both P. ostii and P. rockii. Our work demonstrated that tree peony fruit is promising natural source of bioactive components and provided its potential utilization in food and pharmaceutical industries.


Assuntos
Paeonia , Frutas , Extratos Vegetais , Espectrometria de Massas em Tandem , Árvores
11.
Cell Tissue Res ; 2021 Aug 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34370080

RESUMO

Patients with Parkinson's disease (PD) have a higher incidence rate of duodenal ulcers. The mucus barrier provides the first line of defense for duodenal mucosal protection. However, it is unknown whether duodenal mucus secretion is affected in PD. In the present study, we used the rats microinjected 6-hydroxydopamine (6-OHDA) into the bilateral substantia nigra to investigate duodenal mucus secretion and potential therapeutic targets in duodenal ulcer in PD. Alcian blue-periodic acid-Schiff, transmission electron microscopy, immunofluorescence, duodenal mucosal incubation, and enzyme-linked immunosorbent assays were used. The 6-OHDA rats exhibited mucin accumulation and retention in duodenal goblet cells. Mucin granules were unable to fuse with the apical membranes of goblet cells, and the exocytosis ratio of goblet cells was significantly reduced. Moreover, decreased acetylcholine and increased muscarinic receptor 2 (M2R) levels were detected in the duodenal mucosa of 6-OHDA rats. Bilateral vagotomy rats were also characterized by defective duodenal mucus secretion and decreased acetylcholine with increased M2R levels in the duodenal mucosa. Application of the cholinomimetic drug carbachol or blocking M2R with methoctramine significantly promoted mucus secretion by goblet cells and increased MUC2 content in duodenal mucosa-incubated solutions from 6-OHDA and vagotomy rats. We conclude that the reduced acetylcholine and increased M2R contribute to the impaired duodenal mucus secretion of 6-OHDA rats. The study provides new insights into the mechanism of duodenal mucus secretion and potential therapeutic targets for the treatment of duodenal ulcers in PD patients.

12.
Huan Jing Ke Xue ; 42(9): 4180-4190, 2021 Sep 08.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34414716

RESUMO

In recent years, summer O3 pollution has become more severe in Wuhai, where the terrain is complex and industrial parks are densely distributed. However, the characteristics and formation mechanisms of this pollution have not yet been investigated and remain unclear. Analyzing the variation and formation mechanisms of O3 is crucial to the prevention and control of air pollution in this region. By analyzing characteristics and using a WRF-CMAQ model to simulate three O3 pollution periods in Wuhai from June to August 2018, this study explored the causes of O3 pollution based on in-depth process analysis, and the effects of regional transportation and local photochemical reaction on O3 were also discussed. The diurnal variation of ozone exhibited a single-peak distribution, and near-surface O3 was positively correlated with short-wave radiation and temperature, and negatively correlated with relative humidity. The areas of Shizuishan in Ningxia and the Ulanbuhe desert exhibited high O3 values during the day, while the three industrial parks in Wuhai exhibited low values during both the day and night. Process analysis showed that transportation, chemical processes, and their relative magnitudes had a significant impact on O3. Local photochemical reactions and transport during the pollution period in June and July led to an obvious increase in O3, while the impact of chemical processes was about twice as large as that of transport. The increase of O3 in August was mainly caused by transport. Further decomposition of the transportation effect showed that transportation in the south and northwest directions had a remarkable effects on the increase of O3. Together with the emission of O3 precursors, the main sources of transportation were the Yinchuan, Shizuishan, and Bayannaoer regions. Therefore, Wuhai and neighboring cities should strengthen regional joint prevention and control by jointly formulating and implementing control measures for air pollution to reduce the impact of regional transmission on O3.


Assuntos
Poluentes Atmosféricos , Poluição do Ar , Ozônio , Poluentes Atmosféricos/análise , Poluição do Ar/análise , Monitoramento Ambiental , Poluição Ambiental , Ozônio/análise
13.
BMC Infect Dis ; 21(1): 818, 2021 Aug 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34399709

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Liver injuries have been reported in patients with coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19). This study aimed to investigate the clinical role played by severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2). METHODS: In this multicentre, retrospective study, the parameters of liver function tests in COVID-19 inpatients were compared between various time-points in reference to SARS-CoV-2 shedding, and 3 to 7 days before the first detection of viral shedding was regarded as the reference baseline. RESULTS: In total, 70 COVID-19 inpatients were enrolled. Twenty-two (31.4%) patients had a self-medication history after illness. At baseline, 10 (14.3%), 7 (10%), 9 (12.9%), 2 (2.9%), 15 (21.4%), and 4 (5.7%) patients already had abnormal alanine aminotransferase (ALT), aspartate aminotransferase (AST), gamma-glutamyl transferase (GGT), alkaline phosphatase (ALP), albumin, and total bilirubin (TBIL) values, respectively. ALT and AST abnormal rates and levels did not show any significant dynamic changes during the full period of viral shedding (all p > 0.05). The GGT abnormal rate (p = 0.008) and level (p = 0.033) significantly increased on day 10 of viral shedding. Meanwhile, no simultaneous significant increases in abnormal ALP rates and levels were observed. TBIL abnormal rates and levels significantly increased on days 1 and 5 of viral shedding (all p < 0.05). Albumin abnormal decrease rates increased, and levels decreased consistently from baseline to SARS-CoV-2 clearance day (all p < 0.05). Thirteen (18.6%) patients had chronic liver disease, two of whom died. The ALT and AST abnormal rates and levels did not increase in patients with chronic liver disease during SARS-CoV-2 shedding. CONCLUSIONS: SARS-CoV-2 does not directly lead to elevations in ALT and AST but may result in elevations in GGT and TBIL; albumin decreased extraordinarily even when SARS-CoV-2 shedding ended.


Assuntos
COVID-19/complicações , Fígado/virologia , Adulto , Idoso , Alanina Transaminase/sangue , Aspartato Aminotransferases/sangue , Biomarcadores/sangue , COVID-19/sangue , COVID-19/epidemiologia , Feminino , Humanos , Fígado/patologia , Testes de Função Hepática/métodos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Estudos Retrospectivos , SARS-CoV-2 , Índice de Gravidade de Doença
14.
Acta Pharmacol Sin ; 2021 Aug 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34341511

RESUMO

Nonalcoholic steatohepatitis (NASH) is a common chronic liver disease that is increasingly prevalent worldwide. Liver inflammation is an important contributor to disease progression from nonalcoholic fatty liver (NAFL) to NASH, but there is a lack of efficient therapies. In the current study we evaluated the therapeutic potential of givinostat, a histone deacetylase (HDAC) inhibitor, in the treatment of NASH in vivo and in vitro. Liver inflammation was induced in mice by feeding a methionine- and choline-deficient diet (MCD) or a fructose, palmitate, cholesterol diet (FPC). The mice were treated with givoinostat (10 mg·kg-1·d-1, ip) for 8 or 10 weeks. At the end of the experiment, the livers were harvested for analysis. We showed that givoinostat administration significantly alleviated inflammation and attenuated hepatic fibrosis in MCD-induced NASH mice. RNA-seq analysis of liver tissues form MCD-fed mice revealed that givinostat potently blocked expression of inflammation-related genes and regulated a broad set of lipid metabolism-related genes. In human hepatocellular carcinoma cell line HepG2 and human derived fetal hepatocyte cell line L02, givinostat significantly decreased palmitic acid-induced intracellular lipid accumulation. The benefit of givinostat was further confirmed in FPC-induced NASH mice. Givinostat administration significantly attenuated hepatic steatosis, inflammation as well as liver injury in this mouse model. In conclusion, givinostat is efficacious in reversing diet-induced NASH, and may serve as a therapeutic agent for the treatment of human NASH.

16.
J Wound Care ; 30(8): 594-597, 2021 Aug 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34382848

RESUMO

Given the current COVID-19 crisis, multiple clinical manifestations and related complications of COVID-19 disease, especially in lung transplant patients following post-COVID-19 pneumonia, are a major challenge. Herein, we report the therapeutic course of the first reported case of sacrococcyx pressure ulcers (PU) in a 65-year-old male COVID-19 patient who underwent lung transplantation and developed a PU following surgery. We used a combination of regulated negative pressure-assisted wound therapy system (RNPT, six treatment courses, five days per treatment course), a skin tension-relief system (an intraoperative aid in minimising wounds caused by sacrococcygeal PUs) and a gluteus maximus myocutaneous flap to repair sacrococcygeal wounds. This successfully treated case provides a reference point for the treatment of similar cases.


Assuntos
COVID-19 , Transplante de Pulmão , Lesão por Pressão , Idoso , Humanos , Masculino , SARS-CoV-2 , Retalhos Cirúrgicos
17.
Ann Palliat Med ; 10(7): 7872-7883, 2021 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34353075

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: meta-analysis was performed to study the therapeutic effect of hematopoietic stem cell transplantation combined with killer cells (important immune cells of the body) on leukemia, hoping to enhance the postoperative therapeutic efficiency. METHODS: literatures were searched with "Hematopoietic stem cell transplantation", "killer cell", "leukemia", "Cytokine induction", etc. as search terms using Boolean logic search. Review Manager was utilized for meta-analysis after literature screening. RESULTS: eleven literatures were included, most of which were of low-risk bias (medium-high quality). Through meta-analysis, statistical heterogeneity was found in non-recurring mortality (NRM) between control group and experimental group (Chi2 =15.69, I2=62%, P=0.02). The leukemia-free survival rate between two groups was not heterogeneous (Chi2 =13.16, I2=32%, P=0.16), without considerable difference between groups (Z=1.52, P=0.13). The incidence of graft-versus-host disease (GvHD) between the two groups was statistically heterogeneous (Chi2 =21.38, I2=67%, P=0.003). The incidence of graft-versus-host disease in experimental group was greatly inferior to controls (Z=3.87, P=0.0001). DISCUSSION: hematopoietic stem cell transplantation combined with killer cells can effectively reduce the incidence of GvHD after stem cell transplantation in patients. The prognosis of transplantation was good, and it had no obvious effect on the overall survival rate and recurrence rate.


Assuntos
Doença Enxerto-Hospedeiro , Transplante de Células-Tronco Hematopoéticas , Leucemia , Células-Tronco Hematopoéticas , Humanos , Incidência , Leucemia/terapia
18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34370433

RESUMO

Lithium dendrite formation has hindered the practical implementation of lithium metal batteries with higher energy densities compared with those of conventional lithium-ion batteries. Herein, a nanoconfinement strategy to access dendrite-free lithium metal anodes comprising three-dimensional (3D) hollow porous multi-nanochannel carbon fiber embedded with TiO2 nanocrystals (HTCNF) is reported. The transport of the lithium ions is facilitated by the 3D architecture. Functioning as nanoseeds, the TiO2 nanocrystals guide the lithium ions toward forming uniform deposits, which are further confined inside the hollow carbon fibers and the 3D HTCNF layer. Site-selective deposition coupled with the nanoconfinement of lithium metal modifies the Li plating/stripping behavior and effectively suppresses the dendrite growth. The HTCNF-Li cell delivers a stable cycling performance of 1300 h with a voltage hysteresis as low as 6 mV. The assembled HTCNF-Li//LiFePO4 full cell displays a compelling rate performance and enhanced cycling stability with high capacity retention (90% after 400 cycles at 0.5 C). Our results demonstrate a new and potentially scalable route to resolve the lithium dendrite growth issue for enhanced electrochemical performances, which can be further extended to other metal battery systems.

19.
Zhongguo Shi Yan Xue Ye Xue Za Zhi ; 29(4): 1080-1084, 2021 Aug.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34362485

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To investigate the clinical characteristics and prognosis of patients with acute myeloid leukemia(AML) combined with paroxysmal nocturnal hemoglobinuria(PNH). METHODS: The clinical data of 13 AML combined with PNH patients treated in our hospital from January 2017 to May 2019 were collected and retrospective analyzed. The complete remission(CR) rate for induction chemotherapy was analyzed. The level of PNH+ cell before and after chemotherapy were tested by Paired t test. Kaplan-Meier method and multi-factorial Cox regression model were used to analyze the influencing factors of prognosis. RESULTS: Among the 13 patients, 11 (84.6%) cases were CR after first induction chemotherapy. The median overall survival(OS) time was 17 months(0-30 months), the median progression-free survival(PFS) time was 16 months(2-26 months). There were no significant difference in the number of PNH+ cell before and after chemotherapy (P>0.05). Multivariate Cox regression analysis showed that age,sex,the level of hemoglobin, platelet were not related to the OS of the patients(P>0.05), the level of WBC, LDH and risk stratification at first diagnosed were related to the OS of the patients(P<0.05). Kaplan-Meier survival analysis showed that the OS rate of AML combined with PNH patients with leukocyte lower than 10×109/L at first diagnosed was better than that of the patients with leukocyte higher than 10×109/L (P=0.0261). The OS rate of patients with low or standard risk was better than the patients with high risk group(P=0.0010). CONCLUSION: The patients of AML combined with PNH have higher CR rate after the first induction chemotherapy. The level of WBC and LDH at first diagnosed are the factors that affecting the OS of the patients. The OS of patients with WBC lower than 10×109/L, at first diagnosed low and medium risk are better than the other patients.


Assuntos
Hemoglobinúria Paroxística , Leucemia Mieloide Aguda , Humanos , Quimioterapia de Indução , Leucemia Mieloide Aguda/tratamento farmacológico , Prognóstico , Indução de Remissão , Estudos Retrospectivos
20.
Biomed Res Int ; 2021: 9938515, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34395629

RESUMO

Laryngeal carcinoma is a malignant disease with high morbidity and mortality. Several studies have indicated that miRNA dysfunction involves in the development of laryngeal carcinoma. In this study, the connection of miR-339-5p and laryngeal carcinoma was investigated, and qRT-PCR, CCK-8, and flow cytometry assay were used to observe the function of miR-339-5p on laryngeal carcinoma. Besides, the target database, dual-luciferase reporter assay, and western blot were used to explore the regulation mechanism of miR-339-5p on the progression of laryngeal carcinoma. The results showed that miR-339-5p was significantly downregulated in cisplatin-resistant cells of laryngeal carcinoma, and miR-339-5p upregulation could weaken the resistance of laryngeal carcinoma cells on cisplatin. Moreover, miR-339-5p could directly react with 3'-UTR of TAK1, and TAK1 could reverse the effects of miR-339-5p on the progression of autophagy. In conclusion, this study suggests that miR-339-5p can inhibit the autophagy to decrease the cisplatin resistance of laryngeal carcinoma via targeting TAK1.


Assuntos
Regulação para Baixo , Resistencia a Medicamentos Antineoplásicos , Neoplasias Laríngeas/genética , MAP Quinase Quinase Quinases/genética , MicroRNAs/genética , Regiões 3' não Traduzidas , Autofagia , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Proliferação de Células , Cisplatino/farmacologia , Regulação Neoplásica da Expressão Gênica , Células Hep G2 , Humanos , Neoplasias Laríngeas/metabolismo , MAP Quinase Quinase Quinases/metabolismo
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