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2.
Front Oncol ; 12: 991378, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36353556

RESUMO

Background: This retrospective study compared positron emission tomography (PET)/computed tomography (CT) and CT in the treatment of extracranial oligometastatic non-small-cell lung cancer (NSCLC) and explored the impact of thorax radiotherapy (TRT) on patient survival. Methods: We reviewed the medical records of Chinese patients with stage IV extracranial oligometastatic NSCLC who underwent PET/CT or CT at two centers. Propensity score matching (PSM) was used to control differences in patient characteristics between the maintenance chemotherapy alone and TRT plus maintenance chemotherapy groups. Results: We analyzed 192 eligible patients. The median survival time was better in patients who received PET/CT than in those who only received CT (n = 192, 16 months vs. 6 months, p<0.001). Subgroup analysis showed the median survival time was significantly longer in the TRT plus maintenance group than in the chemotherapy alone group in patients who underwent PET/CT examinations (n = 94, 25 months vs. 11 months, p<0.001). However, there was no statistical difference in survival between both groups in patients who underwent CT examinations (n = 98, 8 months vs. 5 months, p = 0.180). A multifactorial analysis revealed a more favorable prognosis in patients who underwent PET/CT evaluation (HR: 0.343, 95% CI: 0.250-0.471, p <0.001) and TRT (HR: 0.624, 95% CI: 0.464-0.840, p = 0.002), than in those who did not. PSM was consistent with these results. Conclusions: PET/CT-guided TRT is associated with improved clinical outcomes in patients with stage IV extracranial oligometastatic NSCLC.

3.
Plant Cell Environ ; 2022 Nov 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36319468

RESUMO

Rhizosphere effect of nanoscale zero-valent iron (nZVI) is crucial but little reported. Maize seeds were dressed with four nZVI concentrations (0, 1.0, 1.5, 2 g kg-1 ) and inoculated with arbuscular mycorrhizal fungus (AMF) (Funneliformis mosseae). The SEM images illuminated that excessive nZVI particles (2 g kg-1 ) were agglomerated on the surface of hyphae and spore, causing severe deformation and inactivation of AMF symbionts and thereafter inhibiting water uptake in maize seedlings. This restrained the scavenging effects of enzymatic (superoxide dismutase, peroxidase) and non-enzymatic compounds (proline & malondialdehyde) on ROS, and leaf photoreduction activity and gas exchange ability (p < 0.05). Interestingly, the inoculation with AMF effectively alleviated above negative effects. In contrast, appropriate dose of nZVI, that is, ≤1.5 g kg-1 , can be evenly distributed on the hyphae surface and form the ordered symbionts with AMF. This help massively to enhance hyphae growth and water and nutrient uptake. The enhanced mycorrhizal infection turned to promote rhizosphere symbiont activity and leaf Rubisco and Rubisco activase activity. Light compensation point was massively lowered, which increased photosynthetic carbon supply for AMF symbionts. Particularly, such priming effects were evidently enhanced by drought stress. Our findings provided a novel insight into functional role of nZVI in agriculture and AMF-led green production.

4.
Molecules ; 27(21)2022 Oct 23.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36363989

RESUMO

Solar-driven interface water evaporation is an energy-saving, environmentally friendly, and efficient seawater desalination and wastewater treatment technology. However, some challenges still restrict its further industrial development, such as its complex preparation, heavy metal pollution, and insufficient energy utilization. In this study, a photothermal layer based on flower-shaped carbon nanoparticles is presented for highly efficient solar-driven interface evaporation for water treatment applications. The results show that the surface of the prepared carbon nanomaterials presents a flower-shaped structure with an excellent light absorption capacity and a large specific surface area. Moreover, the C-5.4 (Carbon-5.4) sample has an evaporation rate of 1.87 kg/m2/h and an evaporation efficiency of 87%-far higher than most photothermal materials. In addition, carbon nanomaterials have an excellent ion scavenging capacity, dye purification capacity, and outdoor practical performance. This study provides a new solution for the application of carbon nanomaterials in the field of water purification.

5.
Chin J Integr Med ; 2022 Nov 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36374440

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To observe the clinical efficacy of transcutaneous electrical acupoint stimulation (TEAS) combined with warm acupuncture in treating breast cancer associated with upper limb lymphedema (BCRL). METHODS: This was a retrospective cohort study using a paired control design. Fifty-two BCRL patients were assigned to the control group (27 cases) and the treatment group (25 cases). The patients in the control group were treated with lymphedema comprehensive detumescence treatment (CDT) for 4 weeks, including systematic therapy composed of manual lymphatic drainage, compression bandage, skincare, and functional exercise. The patients in the treatment group were treated with TEAS combined with warm acupuncture based on the control group methods. Each treatment lasted for 30 min and was applied twice a week for 4 weeks. The arm circumference (AC) of different positions of the affected limb and the degree of swelling of the affected limb were evaluated before the first treatment and after the last treatment. The clinical efficacy was evaluated according to the degree of edema before and after treatment. All adverse events during treatment were recorded. RESULTS: The patients' AC and the swelling feeling of the affected limb in the treatment group and the control group were both reduced compared with those before treatment. Compared with the control group, AC of the wrist joint transverse stria, the midpoint between the wrist joint transverse stria and the elbow joint transverse stria in the treatment group were significantly reduced (P<0.05). The decrease in AC diameter at the midpoint between the elbow joint transverse stria and the axillary transverse stria was the most significant (P<0.01). The swelling degree of the affected limbs in the treatment group was significantly lower than before treatment, and was significantly lower compared with the control group after treatment (P<0.01). The total effective rate was 72% in the treatment group, significantly higher than that in the control group (55.56%, P<0.05). No serious adverse events occured in either group. CONCLUSIONS: TEAS combined with warm acupuncture can effectively reduce AC and swelling feeling of the affected limb in patients with BCRL. The effect is better than that of CDT therapy alone. (Registration No. ChiCTR2200062075).

6.
J Nanobiotechnology ; 20(1): 471, 2022 Nov 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36335352

RESUMO

Ovarian cancer is a highly fatal gynecologic malignancy worldwide. Chemotherapy remains the primary modality both for primary and maintenance treatments of ovarian cancer. However, the progress in developing chemotherapeutic agents for ovarian cancer has been slow in the past 20 years. Thus, new and effective chemotherapeutic drugs are urgently needed for ovarian cancer treatment. A reduction-responsive synergetic delivery strategy (PSSP@ART-ISMN) with co-delivery of artesunate and isosorbide 5-mononitrate was investigated in this research study. PSSP@ART-ISMN had various effects on tumor cells, such as (i) inducing the production of reactive oxygen species (ROS), which contributes to mitochondrial damage; (ii) providing nitric oxide and ROS for the tumor cells, which further react to generate highly toxic reactive nitrogen species (RNS) and cause DNA damage; and (iii) arresting cell cycle at the G0/G1 phase and inducing apoptosis. PSSP@ART-ISMN also demonstrated excellent antitumor activity with good biocompatibility in vivo. Taken together, the results of this work provide a potential delivery strategy for chemotherapy in ovarian cancer.


Assuntos
Nanopartículas , Neoplasias Ovarianas , Feminino , Humanos , Artesunato , Espécies Reativas de Oxigênio , Polímeros , Dinitrato de Isossorbida/metabolismo , Dinitrato de Isossorbida/farmacologia , Dinitrato de Isossorbida/uso terapêutico , Neoplasias Ovarianas/tratamento farmacológico
7.
Chem Biodivers ; 2022 Nov 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36349735

RESUMO

Two new lignans (1-2) and a new octaketide (12), together with twenty-nine known compounds (3-11, 13-32) were isolated and identified from the aerial part of Pogostemon cablin. Their chemical structures were revealed mainly through NMR and MS data. The absolute configuration of 1 and 2 was deduced by comparing its experimental CD with the calculated ECD spectra. The inhibitory activities of the isolated compounds on LPS-stimulated nitric oxide (NO) production in RAW 264.7 cells were investigated. At a concentration of 25 µM, compounds 1 and 11 showed approximately equal NO inhibitory effects to that of aminoguanidine.

8.
Comput Methods Programs Biomed ; 227: 107189, 2022 Oct 22.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36323177

RESUMO

BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE:   Sharing of medical data is required to enable the cross-agency flow of healthcare information and construct high-accuracy computer-aided diagnosis systems. However, the large sizes of medical datasets, the massive amount of memory of saved deep convolutional neural network (DCNN) models, and patients' privacy protection are problems that can lead to inefficient medical data sharing. Therefore, this study proposes a novel soft-label dataset distillation method for medical data sharing. METHODS: The proposed method distills valid information of medical image data and generates several compressed images with different data distributions for anonymous medical data sharing. Furthermore, our method can extract essential weights of DCNN models to reduce the memory required to save trained models for efficient medical data sharing. RESULTS: The proposed method can compress tens of thousands of images into several soft-label images and reduce the size of a trained model to a few hundredths of its original size. The compressed images obtained after distillation have been visually anonymized; therefore, they do not contain the private information of the patients. Furthermore, we can realize high-detection performance with a small number of compressed images. CONCLUSIONS: The experimental results show that the proposed method can improve the efficiency and security of medical data sharing.

9.
Dalton Trans ; 51(45): 17466-17480, 2022 Nov 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36330864

RESUMO

Due to bimetallic MOFs (metal-organic frameworks) possessing diverse structure topologies and superior properties, herein, we used bimetallic ZIFs (zeolitic imidazole frameworks) of MOFs as precursors via the wet chemical and calcination method to fabricate zinc-embellished Co-Zn@NPC@MWCNT nanocomposites with porous conductive carbon-based networks The abundant carbon defects, zinc evaporation, and N-atom doping resulted in the emergence of dipolar/interface polarization, which is good for dielectric loss. The high porosity and large specific surface area were instrumental in the attenuation of multiple scattering and endowed the absorber with an excellent absorption performance. With merely 15 wt% filled loading and 3.187 mm thickness, the obtained composites under the optimized carbonization temperature (800 °C) exhibited double absorption peaks: the RLmin (minimum reflection loss) reached -76.18 dB@12.88 GHz and -33.09 dB@7.76 GHz, respectively. Moreover, a wide absorption bandwidth can be up to 6.56 GHz (7.2-13.76 GHz) with 3.0 mm thickness, distributed in three frequency bands: 20% of the C band, 100% of the X band, and 29.3% of the Ku band. In addition, the conductive network structure of composites was also beneficial for electromagnetic (EM)-wave absorption. An easy preparation process and low cost can further promote the commercial potential of our obtained bimetallic MOF-based material as an EM-wave absorber.

10.
J Bone Joint Surg Am ; 2022 Oct 25.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36325763

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: There is currently no ideal treatment for osteochondral lesions of the femoral head (OLFH) in young patients. METHODS: We performed a 1-year single-arm study and 2 additional years of follow-up of patients with a large (defined as >3 cm2) OLFH treated with insertion of autologous costal cartilage graft (ACCG) to restore femoral head congruity after lesion debridement. Twenty patients ≤40 years old who had substantial hip pain and/or dysfunction after nonoperative treatment were enrolled at a single center. The primary outcome was the change in Harris hip score (HHS) from baseline to 12 months postoperatively. Secondary outcomes included the EuroQol visual analogue scale (EQ VAS), hip joint space width, subchondral integrity on computed tomography scanning, repair tissue status evaluated with the Magnetic Resonance Observation of Cartilage Repair Tissue (MOCART) score, and evaluation of cartilage biochemistry by delayed gadolinium-enhanced magnetic resonance imaging of cartilage (dGEMRIC) and T2 mapping. RESULTS: All 20 enrolled patients (31.02 ± 7.19 years old, 8 female and 12 male) completed the initial study and the 2 years of additional follow-up. The HHS improved from 61.89 ± 6.47 at baseline to 89.23 ± 2.62 at 12 months and 94.79 ± 2.72 at 36 months. The EQ VAS increased by 17.00 ± 8.77 at 12 months and by 21.70 ± 7.99 at 36 months (p < 0.001 for both). Complete integration of the ACCG with the bone was observed by 12 months in all 20 patients. The median MOCART score was 85 (interquartile range [IQR], 75 to 95) at 12 months and 75 (IQR, 65 to 85) at the last follow-up (range, 24 to 38 months). The ACCG demonstrated magnetic resonance properties very similar to hyaline cartilage; the median ratio between the relaxation times of the ACCG and recipient cartilage was 0.95 (IQR, 0.90 to 0.99) at 12 months and 0.97 (IQR, 0.92 to 1.00) at the last follow-up. CONCLUSIONS: ACCG is a feasible method for improving hip function and quality of life for at least 3 years in young patients who were unsatisfied with nonoperative treatment of an OLFH. Promising long-term outcomes may be possible because of the good integration between the recipient femoral head and the implanted ACCG. LEVEL OF EVIDENCE: Therapeutic Level IV. See Instructions for Authors for a complete description of levels of evidence.

11.
Infect Dis Poverty ; 11(1): 114, 2022 Nov 24.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36434701

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) Omicron (B.1.1.529) variant is highly transmissible with potential immune escape. Hence, control measures are continuously being optimized to guard against large-scale coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) outbreaks. This study aimed to explore the relationship between the intensity of control measures in response to different SARS-CoV-2 variants and the degree of outbreak control at city level. METHODS: A retrospective study was conducted in 49 cities with COVID-19 outbreaks between January 2020 and June 2022. Epidemiological data on COVID-19 were extracted from the National Health Commission, People's Republic of China, and the population flow data were sourced from the Baidu migration data provided by the Baidu platform. Outbreak control was quantified by calculating the degree of infection growth and the time-varying reproduction number ([Formula: see text]). The intensity of the outbreak response was quantified by calculating the reduction in population mobility during the outbreak period. Correlation and regression analyses of the intensity of the control measures and the degree of outbreak control for the Omicron variant and non-Omicron mutants were conducted, respectively. RESULTS: Overall, 65 outbreaks occurred in 49 cities in China from January 2020 to June 2022. Of them, 66.2% were Omicron outbreaks and 33.8% were non-Omicron outbreaks. The intensity of the control measures was positively correlated with the degree of outbreak control (r = 0.351, P = 0.03). The degree of reduction in population mobility was negatively correlated with the Rt value (r = - 0.612, P < 0.01). Therefore, under the same control measure intensity, the number of new daily Omicron infections was 6.04 times higher than those attributed to non-Omicron variants, and the Rt value of Omicron outbreaks was 2.6 times higher than that of non-Omicron variants. In addition, the duration of non-Omicron variant outbreaks was shorter than that of the outbreaks caused by the Omicron variant (23.0 ± 10.7, 32.9 ± 16.3, t = 2.243, P = 0.031). CONCLUSIONS: Greater intensity of control measures was associated with more effective outbreak control. Thus, in response to the Omicron variant, the management to restrict population movement should be used to control its spread quickly, especially in the case of community transmission occurs widely. Faster than is needed for non-Omicron variants, and decisive control measures should be imposed and dynamically adjusted in accordance with the evolving epidemic situation.

12.
Int J Biol Macromol ; 2022 Nov 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36423808

RESUMO

Grapholita funebrana, also known as the plum fruit moth, is an oligophagous pest species that causes enormous economic losses of the fruits of Rosaceae. An eco-friendly method for the control of G. funebrana besides chemical control has not yet been developed. The sex pheromone communication system plays an important role in moth courtship and mating, in which pheromone-binding proteins (PBPs) are critical. In this research, we identified four PBPs, namely, GfunPBP1.1, GfunPBP1.2, GfunPBP2, and GfunPBP3, from the antennae of G. funebrana. The results of real-time quantitative PCR (RT-qPCR) showed that all four GfunPBPs were overwhelmingly expressed in the antennae and that GfunPBP1.2 and GfunPBP2 showed male-biased expression patterns, whereas GfunPBP1.1 and GfunPBP3 were equally expressed between sexes. The results of ligand-binding assays illustrated that although all four recombinant GfunPBPs (rGfunPBPs) had binding activity with the tested sex pheromone compounds, their preferred ligands were significantly different. rGfunPBP2 had the strongest binding affinity to Z8-12:Ac and Z8-12:OH; rGfunPBP1.1 preferred to bind Z8-14:Ac, Z10-14:Ac, and 12:OH more than to the other three GfunPBPs; and rGfunPBP1.2 exhibited stronger binding affinity to E8-12:Ac than to the other rGfunPBPs. Molecular docking results demonstrated that hydrophobic forces, especially van der Waals forces and hydrogen bonds, were the most important forces that maintained GfunPBP-pheromone ligand complexes. This study will improve our understanding of the sex pheromone recognition mechanisms of G. funebrana and promote the development of novel strategies for controlling G. funebrana.

13.
Sci Rep ; 12(1): 16586, 2022 Oct 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36198740

RESUMO

In order to investigate the influence of minor Ru on the electrochemical behaviour and structural characteristics of passive films on the surface of Ti-6Al-4V alloys under various oil and gas exploration conditions, electrochemical techniques, X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS), scanning electron microscope (SEM) and corrosion simulation tests were carried out. The results revealed that the oil and gas exploration conditions had a serious impact on the electrochemical behaviour and corrosion resistance of the tested alloys. The passivation film resistance and corrosion potential of the tested titanium alloys were significantly reduced with increasing acidity and temperature. With the addition of minor ruthenium, the potential of the passive film on the Ti-6Al-4V-0.11Ru alloy surface increased because of the high surface potential of the ruthenium element. The contents of metallic ruthenium and tetravalent titanium oxide TiO2 in the surface film of the Ti-6Al-4V-0.11Ru alloy both increased with increasing temperature, which led to increase the thickness, stability, corrosion resistance and repairability of the passive film on the surface of the Ti-6Al-4V-0.11Ru alloy being better than those qualities of Ti-6Al-4V. These results were also confirmed by corrosion simulation tests.

14.
Front Psychol ; 13: 1005313, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36211900

RESUMO

It could be claimed that without any doubt the Internet has revolutionized the educational system to a great extent. Even though some are still interested in traditional ways of teaching and learning and also face-to-face classes, technological advances, in particular, social media have changed the English as a foreign language (EFL) contexts in a way that they will not be compatible with any other methods that have long been utilized before. Despite the fact that some studies have been conducted in different learning contexts, to the researcher's best knowledge, attention has not been focused on the importance of social media inside and outside the classroom on EFL students' indulgence. Therefore, the aim of this review is to synthesize the findings of the previous studies to highlight the role of social media in EFL students' engagement throughout class and outside the class in both face-to-face and online classes. To reach this goal, this review first discusses the impact of social media on engagement, and then engagement and its classifications are dealt with. Next, the relationship between using social media and students' engagement is discussed. And finally, some implications are proposed.

15.
Chemosphere ; 309(Pt 2): 136614, 2022 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36181848

RESUMO

Due to increasing requirements on water resources and a lower recharge rate, the farming seasons are a vital season for the management of groundwater and surface water resource management. This condition necessitates the use of combined water distribution to meet the full water requirements. Analysis of existing surface water resources and related restrictions, this research suggested an algorithm for aquifer stabilization and fulfilling optimum water requirements. To manage the optimum withdrawals and the subsequent drop, this technique first employed the MODFLOW model for simulating the water levels. Next, an improved feed-forward neural network (IFFNN) was combined with an optimization method to create a machine learning (ML) framework. During the last phase, the findings of the optimized connectives approach as well as the relevant fields technologies to determine using improved bald eagle search with least square SVM(IBES-LSSVM) method that predicted the level of water deficit for every period, especially during farming seasons. This approach is based on an improved bald eagle search (IBES) optimization technique for finding the best settings for a least-squares support vector machine (LSSVM). The findings revealed that between 2005 and 2020, the year with the biggest water deficit was 2018 when only roughly 64 percent of water need was satisfied by groundwater (69 percent) and surface water (64 percent) (33 percent). The water depth may have risen by around 0.7 m during the study period if the optimum model had been used. The outcome of this research will help the management forecast future water shortages and make smarter water strategic choices.


Assuntos
Águias , Água Subterrânea , Animais , Água/análise , Recursos Hídricos , Água Subterrânea/análise , Abastecimento de Água
16.
Materials (Basel) ; 15(19)2022 Sep 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36234151

RESUMO

Due to obvious differences in the properties of the filling body and surrounding rock, deformation always develops near the contact zone. Thus, determining the damage and failure characteristics of the contact zone between the backfill and surrounding rock is a precondition for safe production in mines. Taking Jinchuan mine as study area, the backfill-surrounding rock contact zones are divided into three models according to their different geometric shapes, namely, a linear model, embedded model, and multiple broken line model. A combined numerical simulation and physical model test method was adopted in this study. The research results show that the damage in the linear model begins at the seam, the failure is mainly concentrated in the filling body, and shear failure is dominant. The damage in the embedded model initially occurs around the inflection points, while the damage in the multiple broken line model initially occurs at the seams, and cracks always appear on the vertical contact surface first. Among the three contact models, the stability increases as follows: embedded > multiple broken line > linear. Moreover, the filling body enclosed by surrounding rock is the most stable, and the surrounding rock located in the footwall is more stable than the filling body located in the footwall. The conclusions of this study provide a theoretical basis for designing a mining scheme for Jinchuan mine and other mines with similar geological conditions and mining methods, and they provide a reference for studying the mechanical properties and stability of composite materials.

17.
Materials (Basel) ; 15(20)2022 Oct 18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36295334

RESUMO

Developing microwave absorbing composites with lightweight and wide absorption bands is an essential direction for electromagnetic wave stealth and shielding application. In this article, PAN/PMMA blend fibers and sheath-core blend fibers with PAN/PMMA as the sheath and PMMA as the core were spun by uniaxial and coaxial electrostatic spinning, respectively. Porous carbon nanofiber (PCNF) and hollow porous carbon nanofiber (HPCNF) were obtained after pre-oxidation and carbonization of the corresponding two precursor fibers. The microwave absorption composite samples with PCNF and HPCNF as absorbents and paraffin as matrix were prepared, respectively. Their electromagnetic parameters were investigated by the reflective-transmission network parameter method. The microwave absorption properties of the corresponding composites were calculated based on a model for a single-layer planewave absorber from electromagnetic parameters. The results showed diversity between the microwave absorbing performance of the composites filled with PCNF and HPCNF. HPCNF performs better than PCNF as an absorbent; that is, the lowest reflection loss of composite filled with HPCNF is -20.26 dB and the effective bandwidth (lower than -10 dB) is to 4.56 GHz, while the lowest reflection loss of a composite filled with PCNF is -13.70 dB, and the effective bandwidth (lower than -10 dB) is 2.68 GHz when the absorbent content is 7%, and the thickness is 3 mm. Much lower reflection loss and a wider absorption band could be expected from HPCNF. The presence of a hollow structure in HPCNF, which may increase the degree of polarization and provide more interfaces for the interference phase extinction of reflected electromagnetic waves, might help to improve the attenuation of electromagnetic waves and broaden the absorption band.

18.
Medicina (Kaunas) ; 58(10)2022 Sep 22.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36295489

RESUMO

Response to radiotherapy (RT) in gliomas varies widely between patients. It is necessary to identify glioma-associated radiosensitivity gene signatures for clinically stratifying patients who will benefit from adjuvant radiotherapy after glioma surgery. Methods: Chinese Glioma Genome Atlas (CGGA) and the Cancer Genome Atlas (TCGA) glioma patient datasets were used to validate the predictive potential of two published biomarkers, the radiosensitivity index (RSI) and 31-gene signature (31-GS). To adjust these markers for the characteristics of glioma, we integrated four new glioma-associated radiosensitivity predictive indexes based on RSI and 31-GS by the Cox analysis and Least Absolute Shrinkage and Selection Operator (LASSO) regression analysis. A receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve, integrated discrimination improvement (IDI), and net reclassification improvement (NRI) were used to compare the radiosensitivity predictive ability of these six gene signatures. Subgroup analysis was used to evaluate the discriminative capacity of those gene signatures in identifying radiosensitive patients, and a nomogram was built to improve the histological grading system. Gene Ontology (GO) analysis and Gene Set Enrichment Analysis (GSEA) were used to explore related biological processes. Results: We validated and compared the predictive potential of two published predictive indexes. The AUC area of 31-GS was higher than that of RSI. Based on the RSI and 31-GS, we integrated four new glioma-associated radiosensitivity predictive indexes-PI10, PI12, PI31 and PI41. Among them, a 12-gene radiosensitivity predictive index (PI12) showed the most promising predictive performance and discriminative capacity. Examination of a nomogram created from clinical features and PI12 revealed that its predictive capacity was superior to the traditional WHO classification system. (C-index: 0.842 vs. 0.787, p ≤ 2.2 × 10-16) The GO analysis and GSEA showed that tumors with a high PI12 score correlated with various aspects of the malignancy of glioma. Conclusions: The glioma-associated radiosensitivity gene signature PI12 is a promising radiosensitivity predictive biomarker for guiding effective personalized radiotherapy for gliomas.


Assuntos
Glioma , Humanos , Glioma/genética , Glioma/radioterapia , Tolerância a Radiação/genética , Curva ROC , Análise de Regressão
19.
Huan Jing Ke Xue ; 43(10): 4327-4337, 2022 Oct 08.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36224119

RESUMO

Wuhai is a typical coking industrial base including three industrial parks within its jurisdiction. The emission amount of air pollutants is considerable here, and O3 pollution has become serious in recent years. Clarifying the air pollutant emission characteristics and exploring the formation mechanism of O3 are the basis for objectively understanding the O3 pollution and formulating scientific prevention and control measures. This study established the high-resolution emission inventory of Wuhai in 2018 (HEI-WH18) based on the "coefficient method," evaluated the applicability and accuracy of HEI-WH18 using the WRF-Chem model, and explored the causes of O3 pollution in summer using WRF-Chem diagnosis module output. The HEI-WH18 showed that the total emissions amount of SO2, NOx, CO, PM10, PM2.5, VOCs, NH3, BC, and OC were 65943, 40934, 172867, 159771, 47469, 69191, 1407, 1491, and 1648 t·a-1, respectively. HEI-WH18 could capture the variation and magnitude of O3 and its precursors better than the MEIC, which was suitable for the O3 simulation and source analysis in summer. From the perspective of spatial distribution, Haibowan was a high-value area of O3 during the daytime, and the three industrial parks were low-value areas of O3 and high-value areas of NO2 during the daytime and nighttime. The spatial distribution characteristics of CO were consistent with the spontaneous combustion of coal and coal gangue sources. According to the diagnostic analysis of two O3 pollution processes, the O3 increase in the upper boundary layer was mainly related to the advection transport and chemical process, and it was caused by vertical mixing and the advection transport process in the lower boundary layer. The contribution of the chemical process in the lower boundary layer was complicated, and its positive contribution played a role in maintaining a high O3 concentration, whereas its negative contribution combined with advection transport resulted in the final dissipation of O3 pollution.


Assuntos
Poluentes Atmosféricos , Poluição do Ar , Ozônio , Poluentes Atmosféricos/análise , Poluição do Ar/análise , China , Carvão Mineral/análise , Monitoramento Ambiental/métodos , Dióxido de Nitrogênio/análise , Ozônio/análise , Material Particulado/análise
20.
Immunology ; 2022 Oct 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36221236

RESUMO

Hypoxia-induced pulmonary hypertension (HPH) is a progressive and lethal disease characterized by the uncontrolled proliferation of pulmonary artery smooth muscle cells (PASMCs) and obstructive vascular remodeling. Previous research demonstrated that Breg cells were involved in the pathogenesis of pulmonary hypertension. This work aimed to evaluate the regulatory function of Breg cells in HPH. HPH mice model were established and induced by exposing to chronic hypoxia for 21 days. Mice with HPH were treated with anti-CD22 or adoptive transferred of Breg cells. The coculture systems of Breg cells with CD4+ T cells and Breg cells with PASMCs in vitro were constructed. Lung pathology was evaluated by HE staining and immunofluorescence staining. The frequencies of Breg cells, Tfh cells and Tfr cells were analyzed by flow cytometry. Serum IL-21 and IL-10 levels were determined by ELISA. Protein levels of Blimp-1, Bcl-6 and CTLA-4 were determined by western blot and RT-PCR. Proliferation rate of PASMCs was measured by EdU. Compared to the control group, mean PAP, RV/ (LV+S) ratio, WA% and WT% were significantly increased in the model group. Anti-CD22 exacerbated abnormal hemodynamics, pulmonary vascular remodeling and right ventricle hypertrophy in HPH, which ameliorated by adoptive transfer of Breg cells into HPH mice. The proportion of Breg cells on day 7 induced by chronic hypoxia was significantly higher than control group, which significantly decreased on day 14 and day 21. The percentage of Tfh cells was significantly increased, while percentage of Tfr cells was significantly decreased in HPH than those of control group. Anti-CD22 treatment increased the percentage of Tfh cells and decreased the percentage of Tfr cells in HPH mice. However, Breg cells restrained the Tfh cells differentiation and expanded Tfr cells differentiation in vivo and in vitro. Additionally, Breg cells inhibited the proliferation of PASMCs under hypoxic condition in vitro. Collectively, These findings suggested that Breg cells may be a new therapeutic target for modulating the Tfh/Tfr immune balance in HPH.

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