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1.
J Anal Methods Chem ; 2022: 3998338, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35392281

RESUMO

Simple, rapid, and accurate detection of myoinositol (MI) concentration in blood is crucial in diagnosing polycystic ovary syndrome, neurological disorders, and cancer. A novel electrochemical detection (IED) method was established to quantify MI in human serum using a disposable unmodified screen-printed carbon electrode (SPCE) for the first time. MI was detected indirectly by the reaction product of myoinositol dehydrogenase (IDH) and cofactor ß-nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide (NAD+). Good linear calibration curves were obtained at the concentration range from 5.0 µM to 500.0 µM (R 2 = 0.9981) with the lower limits of detection (LOD) and quantification (LOQ) of 1.0 µM and 2.5 µM, respectively. Recoveries were calculated at three spiked concentrations, and the values were between 90.3 and 106%, with relative standard deviation values of 3.2-6.2% for intraday precision and 7.1-9.0% for interday precision. The SPCE-electrochemical biosensor is simple, accurate, and without modification, showing great potential for point-of-care testing (POCT) of serum MI in clinical samples.

2.
Plant Dis ; 2022 Feb 23.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35196099

RESUMO

Thinopyrum intermedium (JJJsJsStSt, 2n = 6x = 42), a wild relative of common wheat, possesses many desirable agronomic genes for wheat improvement. The production of wheat-Th. intermedium introgression lines is a key step for transferring these beneficial genes into wheat. In this study, we characterized three wheat-Th. intermedium introgression lines TA3681, TA5566, and TA5567 using non-denaturing fluorescence in situ hybridization (ND-FISH), genomic in situ hybridization (GISH), polymerase chain reaction (PCR)-based landmark unique gene (PLUG) and intron targeting (IT) markers. Our results showed that TA3681 is a wheat-Th. intermedium 1St disomic addition line, TA5566 is a wheat-Th. intermedium non-Robertsonian translocation line carrying two pairs of 3A-7Js translocation chromosomes, and TA5567 is a wheat-Th. intermedium non-Robertsonian translocation line carrying a pair of 3A-7Js translocation chromosomes. We developed 13, 36, and 15 Th. intermedium chromosome-specific markers for detecting the introgressed Thinopyrum chromosomes in TA3681, TA5566, and TA5567, respectively. Stem rust assessment revealed that TA3681 exhibited high level of seedling resistance to Chinese prevalent Puccinia graminis f. sp. tritici (Pgt) pathotypes, and both TA5566 and TA5567 were highly resistant to Australian Pgt pathotypes, indicating that Th. intermedium chromosomes 1St and 7Js might carry new stem rust resistance genes. Therefore, the new identified introgression lines may be useful for improving wheat stem rust resistance.

3.
Curr Protoc ; 2(2): e364, 2022 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35157369

RESUMO

We developed seven oligonucleotide (oligo) pools based on single-copy sequences, targeting chromosomes 1 to 7 of barley (Hordeum vulgare L.) and wheat (Triticum aestivum) for chromosomal Oligo-FISH painting methods. The probes were applied to high-throughput karyotyping for the Triticeae tribe of over 350 species including 30 genera such as Triticum, Hordeum, Secale, Aegilops, Thinopyrum, and Dasypyrum, as well as several wheat alien-derived lines. In combination with other nondenaturing FISH (ND-FISH) procedures using tandem-repeat oligos, the newly developed Oligo-FISH painting technique provides an efficient tool for the identification of individual chromosomes with homologous linkage groups to establish standard karyotypes, particularly with any wild Triticeae species having nonsequenced genomes for chromosome evolutionary analysis. © 2022 Wiley Periodicals LLC. Basic Protocol 1: Oligo-pool probe development Basic Protocol 2: Nondenaturing FISH Basic Protocol 3: Oligo-FISH painting.


Assuntos
Aegilops , Cromossomos de Plantas , Cromossomos de Plantas/genética , Pintura , Secale/genética , Triticum/genética
4.
PLoS One ; 17(1): e0262748, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35045128

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: Hemolysis, icterus, and lipemia (HIL) of blood samples have been a concern in hospitals because they reflect pre-analytical processes' quality control. However, very few studies investigate the influence of patients' gender, age, and department, as well as sample-related turnaround time, on the incidence rate of HIL in fasting serum biochemistry specimens. METHODS: A retrospective, descriptive study was conducted to investigate the incidence rate of HIL based on the HIL index in 501,612 fasting serum biochemistry specimens from January 2017 to May 2018 in a tertiary university hospital with 4,200 beds in Sichuan, southwest China. A subgroup analysis was conducted to evaluate the differences in the HIL incidence rate by gender, age and department of patients, and turnaround time of specimens. RESULTS: The incidence rate of hemolysis, lipemia and icterus was 384, 53, and 612 per 10,000 specimens. The male patients had a significantly elevated incidence of hemolysis (4.13% vs. 3.54%), lipemia (0.67% vs. 0.38%), and icterus (6.95% vs. 5.43%) than female patients. Hemolysis, lipemia, and icterus incidence rate were significantly associated with the male sex with an odds ratio (OR) of 1.174 [95% confidence interval (CI), 1.140-1.208], 1.757 (95%CI: 1.623-1.903), and 1.303 (95%CI: 1.273-1.333), respectively, (P<0.05). The hospitalized patients had a higher incidence of hemolysis (4.03% vs. 3.54%), lipemia (0.63% vs. 0.36%), and icterus (7.10% vs. 4.75%) than outpatients (P<0.001). Specimens with relatively longer transfer time and/or detection time had a higher HIL incidence (P<0.001). The Pediatrics had the highest incidence of hemolysis (16.2%) with an adjusted OR (AOR) of 4.93 (95%CI, 4.59-5.29, P<0.001). The Neonatology department had the highest icterus incidence (30.1%) with an AOR of 4.93 (95%CI: 4.59-5.29, P<0.001). The Neonatology department (2.32%) and Gastrointestinal Surgery (2.05%) had the highest lipemia incidence, with an AOR of 1.17 (95%CI: 0.91-1.51) and 4.76 (95%CI: 4.70-5.53), both P-value <0.001. There was an increasing tendency of hemolysis and icterus incidence for children under one year or adults aged more than 40. CONCLUSION: Evaluation of HIL incidence rate and HIL-related influence factors in fasting serum biochemistry specimens are impartment to interpret the results more accurately and provide better clinical services to patients.


Assuntos
Jejum/metabolismo , Hemólise/fisiologia , Hiperlipidemias/metabolismo , Icterícia/metabolismo , Fenômenos Fisiológicos Sanguíneos , China , Jejum/sangue , Jejum/fisiologia , Feminino , Testes Hematológicos , Humanos , Hiperlipidemias/sangue , Hiperlipidemias/fisiopatologia , Incidência , Icterícia/sangue , Icterícia/fisiopatologia , Masculino , Estudos Retrospectivos , Manejo de Espécimes/métodos
5.
Front Plant Sci ; 12: 708551, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34381484

RESUMO

Aegilops sharonensis, a wild relative of wheat, harbors diverse disease and insect resistance genes, making it a potentially excellent gene source for wheat improvement. In this study, we characterized and evaluated six wheat-A. sharonensis derivatives, which included three disomic additions, one disomic substitution + monotelosomic addition and two disomic substitution + disomic additions. A total of 51 PLUG markers were developed and used to allocate the A. sharonensis chromosomes in each of the six derivatives to Triticeae homoeologous groups. A set of cytogenetic markers specific for A. sharonensis chromosomes was established based on FISH using oligonucleotides as probes. Molecular cytogenetic marker analysis confirmed that these lines were a CS-A. sharonensis 2Ssh disomic addition, a 4Ssh disomic addition, a 4Ssh (4D) substitution + 5SshL monotelosomic addition, a 6Ssh disomic addition, a 4Ssh (4D) substitution + 6Ssh disomic addition and a 4Ssh (4D) substitution + 7Ssh disomic addition line, respectively. Disease resistance investigations showed that chromosome 7Ssh of A. sharonensis might harbor a new powdery mildew resistance gene, and therefore it has potential for use as resistance source for wheat breeding.

6.
BMC Plant Biol ; 21(1): 213, 2021 May 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33980176

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The identification of chromosomes among Avena species have been studied by C-banding and in situ hybridization. However, the complicated results from several cytogenetic nomenclatures for identifying oat chromosomes are often contradictory. A universal karyotyping nomenclature system for precise chromosome identification and comparative evolutionary studies would be essential for genus Avena based on the recently released genome sequences of hexaploid and diploid Avena species. RESULTS: Tandem repetitive sequences were predicted and physically located on chromosomal regions of the released Avena sativa OT3098 genome assembly v1. Eight new oligonucleotide (oligo) probes for sequential fluorescence in situ hybridization (FISH) were designed and then applied for chromosome karyotyping on mitotic metaphase spreads of A. brevis, A. nuda, A. wiestii, A. ventricosa, A. fatua, and A. sativa species. We established a high-resolution standard karyotype of A. sativa based on the distinct FISH signals of multiple oligo probes. FISH painting with bulked oligos, based on wheat-barley collinear regions, was used to validate the linkage group assignment for individual A. sativa chromosomes. We integrated our new Oligo-FISH based karyotype system with earlier karyotype nomenclatures through sequential C-banding and FISH methods, then subsequently determined the precise breakage points of some chromosome translocations in A. sativa. CONCLUSIONS: This new universal chromosome identification system will be a powerful tool for describing the genetic diversity, chromosomal rearrangements and evolutionary relationships among Avena species by comparative cytogenetic and genomic approaches.


Assuntos
Avena/classificação , Avena/genética , DNA de Plantas , Diploide , Genoma de Planta , Cariotipagem/classificação , Terminologia como Assunto , Produtos Agrícolas/classificação , Produtos Agrícolas/genética , Análise Citogenética
7.
Planta ; 253(1): 22, 2021 Jan 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33399998

RESUMO

MAIN CONCLUSION: A physical map of Thinopyrum intermedium chromosome 7J was constructed using translocation mapping, and a new seedling purple coleoptile gene was mapped to the bin of FL 0.35-0.63 of 7JS. Thinopyrum intermedium (2n = 6x = 42, JJJsJsStSt), a wild relative of common wheat, harbors numerous beneficial genes for wheat improvement. Previous studies showed that wheat-Th. intermedium partial amphiploid TAF46 and its derived addition line L1 had a purple coleoptile, which was derived from Th. intermedium chromosome 7J. To identify and physically map the purple coleoptile gene, 12 wheat-Th. intermedium 7J translocation lines were analyzed by sequential multicolor fluorescence in situ hybridization (mc-FISH), PCR-based landmark unique gene (PLUG) and intron targeting (IT) markers. A physical map of the 7J chromosome was constructed, consisting of eight chromosomal bins with 89 markers. Seedling evaluation of the coleoptile colors of all tested materials indicated that the purple coleoptile gene was located to the bin with a fraction length (FL) of 0.35-0.63 on chromosome 7JS. Furthermore, based on the syntenic relationships between Th. intermedium and wheat chromosomes, we developed a new chromosome 7J-specific EST-PCR marker from the chromosomal region corresponding to the purple coleoptile gene through the Triticeae multi-omics database. The approach of designing chromosome-specific markers has facilitated fine mapping of the Thinopyrum-specific purple coleoptile gene, and these translocation lines will be valuable for studying the function of the purple coleoptile gene in anthocyanin biosynthesis.


Assuntos
Cromossomos de Plantas , Genes de Plantas , Poaceae , Triticum , Antocianinas/genética , Mapeamento Cromossômico , Cromossomos de Plantas/genética , Cotilédone/genética , Genes de Plantas/genética , Hibridização in Situ Fluorescente , Poaceae/genética , Triticum/genética
8.
Genome ; 64(8): 789-800, 2021 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33513072

RESUMO

The perennial species Dasypyrum breviaristatum (genome Vb) contains many potentially valuable genes for the improvement of common wheat. Construction of a detailed karyotype of D. breviaristatum chromosomes will be useful for the detection of Dasypyrum chromatin in wheat background. We established the standard karyotype of 1Vb-7Vb chromosomes through nondenaturing fluorescence in situ hybridization (ND-FISH) technique using 28 oligonucleotide probes from the wheat - D. breviaristatum partial amphiploid TDH-2 (AABBVbVb) and newly identified wheat - D. breviaristatum disomic translocation and addition lines D2138 (6VbS.2VbL), D2547 (4Vb), and D2532 (3VbS.6VbL) by comparative molecular marker analysis. The ND-FISH with multiple oligo probes was conducted on the durum wheat - D. villosum amphiploid TDV-1 and large karyotype differences between D. breviaristatum and D. villosum was revealed. These ND-FISH probes will be valuable for screening the wheat - Dasypyrum derivative lines for chromosome identification, and the newly developed wheat - D. breviaristatum addition lines may broaden the gene pool of wheat breeding. The differences between D. villosum and D. breviaristatum chromosomes revealed by ND-FISH will help us understand evolutionary divergence of repetitive sequences within the genus Dasypyrum.


Assuntos
Cariotipagem , Melhoramento Vegetal , Poaceae , Cromossomos de Plantas/genética , Genômica , Hibridização in Situ Fluorescente , Sondas de Oligonucleotídeos , Poaceae/genética , Triticum/genética
9.
Plant J ; 105(4): 978-993, 2021 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33210785

RESUMO

A chromosome-specific painting technique has been developed which combines the most recent approaches of the companion disciplines of molecular cytogenetics and genome research. We developed seven oligonucleotide (oligo) pools derivd from single-copy sequences on chromosomes 1 to 7 of barley (Hordeum vulgare L.) and corresponding collinear regions of wheat (Triticum aestivum L.). The seven groups of pooled oligos comprised between 10 986 and 12 496 45-bp monomers, and these then produced stable fluorescence in situ hybridization (FISH) signals on chromosomes of each linkage group of wheat and barley. The pooled oligo probes were applied to high-throughput karyotyping of the chromosomes of other Triticeae species in the genera Secale, Aegilops, Thinopyrum, and Dasypyrum, and the study also extended to some wheat-alien amphiploids and derived lines. We demonstrated that a complete set of whole-chromosome oligo painting probes facilitated the study of inter-species chromosome homologous relationships and visualized non-homologous chromosomal rearrangements in Triticeae species and some wheat-alien species derivatives. When combined with other non-denaturing FISH procedures using tandem-repeat oligos, the newly developed oligo painting techniques provide an efficient tool for the study of chromosome structure, organization, and evolution among any wild Triticeae species with non-sequenced genomes.


Assuntos
Coloração Cromossômica/métodos , Cromossomos de Plantas/genética , Rearranjo Gênico/genética , Hordeum/genética , Hibridização in Situ Fluorescente/métodos , Poaceae/genética , Triticum/genética , Aegilops/genética , Biblioteca Gênica , Ligação Genética/genética , Oligonucleotídeos/genética , Secale/genética , Translocação Genética/genética
10.
Zookeys ; 974: 131-159, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33110381

RESUMO

A new species of the genus Megophrys is described from Guizhou Province, China. Molecular phylogenetic analyses supported the new species as an independent clade nested into the Megophrys. The new species could be distinguished from its congeners by a combination of the following characters: body size moderate (SVL 49.3-58.2 mm in males); vomerine ridges present distinctly, vomerine teeth present; tongue feebly notched behind; tympanum distinctly visible, oval; two metacarpal tubercles in hand; toes with one-third webbing and wide lateral fringes; heels overlapped when thighs are positioned at right angles to the body; tibiotarsal articulation reaching the level between tympanum and eye when leg stretched forward; an internal single subgular vocal sac present in male; in breeding male, the nuptial pads with large and sparse black nuptial spines present on the dorsal bases of the first two fingers.

11.
Antimicrob Resist Infect Control ; 9(1): 133, 2020 08 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32799915

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: There are no current national estimates of the candidaemia burden in China, and epidemiological candidaemia data from the underdeveloped region of China are lacking. METHODS: A 7-year retrospective study was carried out to analyse the prevalence, species distribution, antifungal susceptibility, risk factors and inpatient mortality of candidaemia among paediatric and adult patients in a regional tertiary teaching hospital in China. RESULTS: During the seven-year study period, a total of 201 inpatients with candidaemia were identified. The median age of the patients was 65 years (range, 1 day to 92 years), and 114 of the patients (56.7%) were male. The mean annual incidence of candidaemia was 0.26 cases per 1000 admissions (0.42 cases per 1000 paediatric admissions vs 0.24 cases per 1000 adult admissions, P < 0.05). Candida albicans was the most common fungal species (81/201, 40.3%) in all patients, Candida glabrata was the most common fungal species (18/35, 51.4%) in paediatric patients. Most isolates were susceptible to flucytosine (99.0%) and amphotericin B (99.0%), and the activity of antifungal agents against Candida species was no significant difference in satisfaction between paediatric and adult patients (P > 0.05). The all-cause mortality rate was 20.4% (paediatric patients: 11.4% vs adult patients:22.3%, P > 0.05). Fewer univariate predictors of poor outcomes were identified for paediatric patients than for adult patients (4 vs 11 predictors). Respiratory dysfunction and septic shock were independent predictors of 30-day mortality for all patients. CONCLUSIONS: The epidemiological data of candidaemia in paediatric and adult patients are only different in the distributions of Candida species and the mean annual incidence of candidaemia. Flucytosine and amphotericin B can be used as first-choice agents when no antifungal susceptibility test results are available.


Assuntos
Candida/efeitos dos fármacos , Candidemia/mortalidade , Monitoramento Epidemiológico , Hospitais de Ensino/estatística & dados numéricos , Centros de Atenção Terciária/estatística & dados numéricos , Adolescente , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Antifúngicos/farmacologia , Antifúngicos/uso terapêutico , Candida/classificação , Candidemia/tratamento farmacológico , Candidemia/microbiologia , Criança , Pré-Escolar , China/epidemiologia , Feminino , Humanos , Lactente , Recém-Nascido , Masculino , Testes de Sensibilidade Microbiana , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Prevalência , Estudos Retrospectivos , Fatores de Risco , Adulto Jovem
12.
BMC Plant Biol ; 20(1): 134, 2020 Mar 31.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32234016

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Introgression of chromatin from Secale species into common wheat has for decades been a successful strategy for controlling the wheat diseases. The wild Secale species, Secale africanum Stapf., is a valuable source for resistance to foliar disease of wheat. A wheat-S. africanum chromosome 6Rafr substitution line displayed resistance to both powdery mildew and stripe rust at the adult-plant stage. RESULTS: Wheat-S. africanum chromosome 6Rafr deletion and translocation lines were produced and identified by sequential non-denaturing fluorescence in situ hybridization (ND-FISH) using multiple Oligo-based probes. Different ND-FISH patterns were observed between S. cereale 6R and S. africanum 6Rafr. With reference to the physical map of the draft genome sequence of rye inbred line Lo7, a comprehensive PCR marker analysis indicated that insertions and deletions had occurred by random exchange between chromosomes 6R and 6Rafr. A survey of the wheat- S. africanum 6Rafr lines for disease resistance indicated that a powdery mildew resistance gene(s) was present on the long arm of 6Rafr at FL0.85-1.00, and that a stripe rust resistance gene(s) was located in the terminal region of 6RafrS at FL0.95-1.00. The wheat-S. africanum 6Rafr introgression lines also displayed superior agronomic traits, indicating that the chromosome 6Rafr may have little linkage drag in the wheat background. CONCLUSIONS: The combination of molecular and cytogenetic methods allowed to precisely identify the chromosome rearrangements in wheat- S. africanum 6Rafr substitution, deletion and translocation lines, and compare the structural difference between chromosomes 6R and 6Rafr. The wheat- S. africanum 6Rafr lines containing gene(s) for powdery mildew and stripe rust resistance could be used as novel germplasm for wheat breeding by chromosome engineering.


Assuntos
Resistência à Doença/genética , Doenças das Plantas/microbiologia , Secale/genética , Ascomicetos , Basidiomycota , Quimera/genética , Cromatina , Mapeamento Cromossômico , Cromossomos de Plantas/genética , Análise Citogenética , Hibridização Genética , Hibridização in Situ Fluorescente , Doenças das Plantas/genética , Secale/microbiologia , Translocação Genética , Triticum/genética , Triticum/microbiologia
13.
Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A ; 117(11): 5955-5963, 2020 03 17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32123089

RESUMO

In plants, the mechanism for ecological sympatric speciation (SS) is little known. Here, after ruling out the possibility of secondary contact, we show that wild emmer wheat, at the microclimatically divergent microsite of "Evolution Canyon" (EC), Mt. Carmel, Israel, underwent triple SS. Initially, it split following a bottleneck of an ancestral population, and further diversified to three isolated populations driven by disruptive ecological selection. Remarkably, two postzygotically isolated populations (SFS1 and SFS2) sympatrically branched within an area less than 30 m at the tropical hot and dry savannoid south-facing slope (SFS). A series of homozygous chromosomal rearrangements in the SFS1 population caused hybrid sterility with the SFS2 population. We demonstrate that these two populations developed divergent adaptive mechanisms against severe abiotic stresses on the tropical SFS. The SFS2 population evolved very early flowering, while the SFS1 population alternatively evolved a direct tolerance to irradiance by improved ROS scavenging activity that potentially accounts for its evolutionary fate with unstable chromosome status. Moreover, a third prezygotically isolated sympatric population adapted on the abutting temperate, humid, cool, and forested north-facing slope (NFS), separated by 250 m from the SFS wild emmer wheat populations. The NFS population evolved multiple resistant loci to fungal diseases, including powdery mildew and stripe rust. Our study illustrates how plants sympatrically adapt and speciate under disruptive ecological selection of abiotic and biotic stresses.


Assuntos
Resistência à Doença/genética , Simpatria/genética , Triticum/genética , Ascomicetos , Basidiomycota , Cromossomos de Plantas , Fluxo Gênico , Genes de Plantas/genética , Homozigoto , Israel , Cariotipagem , Doenças das Plantas/microbiologia , Estresse Fisiológico
14.
Onco Targets Ther ; 13: 199-214, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32021267

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Breast cancer (BC) is the leading cause of malignancy death in females worldwide. While intense efforts have been made to elucidate the pathogeny, the molecular mechanism of BC remains elusive. Thus, this study aimed to investigate the role of PPEF1 in the progression of BC and further explore the better clinical significance. METHODS: The diagnostic and prognostic values of elevated PPEF1 expression in BC were unveiled via public databases analysis. In addition, Gene Ontology (GO), Gene Set Enrichment Analysis (GSEA) and Protein-protein interaction (PPI) analysis were performed to explore the potential functions and molecular mechanisms of PPEF1 in BC progression. Experimentally, transwell and CCK-8 assays were carried out to estimate the effects of PPEF1 on the BC metastasis. Meanwhile, the differential expressions of PPEF1 in paraffin-embedded tissues and serum samples were, respectively, analyzed by Immunohistochemical (IHC) analysis and enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) kit. RESULTS: The transcriptional levels of PPEF1 were higher in BC than in normal breast tissues or adjacent normal tissues. Moreover, survival analysis revealed that higher PPEF1 expression was negatively associated with overall survival (OS), all events-free (AE-free) and metastatic recurrence-free (MR-free) survival, and further was an independent risk factor of unfavorable prognosis in BC patients. Additionally, the present study provided the first evidence that PPEF1 participated in multiple biological processes and underly signaling pathways involving in tumorigenesis and development of BC. Furthermore, PPEF1 promotes the BC progression and can be used as a noninvasive diagnostic marker. Noteworthy, the combined determination of serum PPEF1 and traditional tumor markers can enhance diagnostic accuracy thus is of vital importance in the early diagnosis of BC. CONCLUSION: PPEF1 exerted a tumorigenic role and involved in molecular mechanism of tumorigenesis in BC which served as a promising biomarker for prognosis and diagnosis.

15.
Theor Appl Genet ; 133(4): 1095-1107, 2020 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31955232

RESUMO

KEY MESSAGE: A physical map of Secale cereale chromosome 6R was constructed using deletion mapping, and a new stripe rust resistance gene Yr83 was mapped to the deletion bin of FL 0.73-1.00 of 6RL. Rye (Secale cereale L., RR) possesses valuable genes for wheat improvement. In the current study, we report a resistance gene conferring stripe rust resistance effective from seedling to adult plant stages located on chromosome 6R. This chromosome was derived from triticale line T-701 and also carries highly effective resistance to the cereal cyst nematode species Heterodera avenae Woll. A wheat-rye 6R(6D) disomic substitution line exhibited high levels of seedling resistance to Australian pathotypes of the stripe rust (Puccinia striiformis f. sp. tritici; Pst) pathogen and showed an even greater resistance to the Chinese Pst pathotypes in the field. Ten chromosome 6R deletion lines and five wheat-rye 6R translocation lines were developed earlier in the attempt to transfer the nematode resistance gene to wheat and used herein to map the stripe rust resistance gene. These lines were subsequently characterized by sequential multicolor fluorescence in situ hybridization (mc-FISH), genomic in situ hybridization (GISH), mc-GISH, PCR-based landmark unique gene (PLUG), and chromosome 6R-specific length amplified fragment sequencing (SLAF-Seq) marker analyses to physically map the stripe rust resistance gene. The new stripe rust resistance locus was located in a chromosomal bin with fraction length (FL) 0.73-1.00 on 6RL and was named Yr83. A wheat-rye translocation line T6RL (#5) carrying the stripe rust resistance gene will be useful as a new germplasm in breeding for resistance.


Assuntos
Basidiomycota/fisiologia , Cromossomos de Plantas/genética , Resistência à Doença/genética , Genes de Plantas , Doenças das Plantas/microbiologia , Secale/genética , Secale/microbiologia , Triticum/genética , Metáfase/genética , Mapeamento Físico do Cromossomo , Doenças das Plantas/genética , Plantas Geneticamente Modificadas , Plântula/microbiologia , Translocação Genética
16.
Int Immunopharmacol ; 79: 106090, 2020 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31869774

RESUMO

Sepsis is defined as life-threatening organ dysfunction caused by a dysregulated host response to infection. The mortality rate of in-hospital patients whose conditions are complicated by sepsis remains high in spite of intensive-care treatment, therefore placing a significant financial burden on the health care system. In recent years, progranulin (PGRN), a cysteine-rich secretory protein (CRISP), has been found to play a crucial role in sepsis. PGRN participates in the pathogenesis of sepsis via diverse pathways, including bacterial clearance, cell growth and survival, tissue repair, and the regulation of inflammation. PGRN knockout mice suffer from serious infectious processes, whereas therapeutic administration of recombinant PGRN to such mice enhances bacterial clearance and reduces organ injury and mortality rate. Even though PGRN plays an important role in regulating sepsis, its potential mechanisms have not been completely clarified. In this review, we summarize the most recent research advances in the study of PGRN and its role in sepsis.


Assuntos
Inflamação/metabolismo , Progranulinas/metabolismo , Sepse/metabolismo , Animais , Modelos Animais de Doenças , Humanos , Camundongos , Camundongos Knockout , Progranulinas/genética
17.
Methods ; 173: 44-51, 2020 02 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31238097

RESUMO

According to the advances of high-throughput sequencing technology, massive microbiome data accumulated from environmental investigations to human studies. The microbiome-wide association studies are to study the relationship between the microbiome and human health or environment. Recently, Deep Neural Networks (DNNs) are encouraging due to their layer-wise learning ability for representation learning. However, DNNs are considered as black boxes and they require a large amount of training data which makes them impractical to conduct microbiome-wide association studies directly. Meanwhile, the microbiome data is high dimension with many features and noise. A single feature selection method for dealing with the kind of dataset is often unstable. In this work, we introduced a deep learning model named Deep Forest to conduct the microbiome-wide association studies and an ensemble feature selection method is proposed to guide microbial biomarkers' identification. The experiments showed that our ensemble feature method based on Deep Forest had good stability and robustness. The results of feature selection could guide the discovery of microbial biomarkers and help to diagnose microbial-related diseases. The code is available at https://github.com/MicroAVA/MWAS-Biomarkers.git.


Assuntos
Biomarcadores , Pesquisa Biomédica/métodos , Estudo de Associação Genômica Ampla/métodos , Microbiota/genética , Humanos , Redes Neurais de Computação
18.
Int J Mol Sci ; 20(14)2019 Jul 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31336736

RESUMO

Stripe rust, caused by Puccinia striiformis f. sp. tritici (Pst), is one of the most devastating fungal diseases of wheat worldwide. It is essential to discover more sources of stripe rust resistance genes for wheat breeding programs. Specific locus amplified fragment sequencing (SLAF-seq) is a powerful tool for the construction of high-density genetic maps. In this study, a set of 200 recombinant inbred lines (RILs) derived from a cross between wheat cultivars Chuanmai 42 (CH42) and Chuanmai 55 (CH55) was used to construct a high-density genetic map and to identify quantitative trait loci (QTLs) for stripe rust resistance using SLAF-seq technology. A genetic map of 2828.51 cM, including 21 linkage groups, contained 6732 single nucleotide polymorphism markers (SNP). Resistance QTLs were identified on chromosomes 1B, 2A, and 7B; Qyr.saas-7B was derived from CH42, whereas Qyr.saas-1B and Qyr.saas-2A were from CH55. The physical location of Qyr.saas-1B, which explained 6.24-34.22% of the phenotypic variation, overlapped with the resistance gene Yr29. Qyr.saas-7B accounted for up to 20.64% of the phenotypic variation. Qyr.saas-2A, a minor QTL, was found to be a likely new stripe rust resistance locus. A significant additive effect was observed when all three QTLs were combined. The combined resistance genes could be of value in breeding wheat for stripe rust resistance.


Assuntos
Resistência à Doença/genética , Doenças das Plantas/genética , Locos de Características Quantitativas , Triticum/genética , Mapeamento Cromossômico , Cromossomos de Plantas , Ligação Genética , Hibridização in Situ Fluorescente , Endogamia , Fenótipo , Melhoramento Vegetal , Doenças das Plantas/microbiologia , Polimorfismo de Nucleotídeo Único , Translocação Genética , Triticum/microbiologia
19.
Plants (Basel) ; 8(6)2019 Jun 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31207944

RESUMO

To determine the composition of chromosome aberrations in a wheat‒Dasypyrum breviaristatum substitution line with seeds treated by a dose of gamma-rays (200 Gy), sequential non-denaturing fluorescence in situ hybridization (ND-FISH) with multiple oligonucleotide probes was used to screen individual plants of the mutagenized progenies. We identified 122 types of chromosome rearrangements, including centromeric, telomeric, and intercalary chromosome translocations from a total of 772 M1 and 872 M2 plants. The frequency of reciprocal translocations between B- and D-chromosomes was higher than that between A- and D-chromosomes. Eight translocations between D. breviaristatum and wheat chromosomes were also detected. The 13 stable plants with multiple chromosome translocations displayed novel agronomic traits. The newly developed materials will enhance wheat breeding programs through wheat‒Dasypyrum introgression and also facilitate future studies on the genetic and epigenetic effects of translocations in wheat genomics.

20.
Exp Ther Med ; 17(5): 4100-4108, 2019 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31007746

RESUMO

miRNAs are closely associated with tumor genesis and development. The present study investigated the role of the expression of miRNA-766 in the survival of patients with colon cancer and the underlying molecular mechanisms. Reverse transcription-quantitative polymerase chain reaction analysis and microarray analysis were used to analyze the expression of miRNA-766. The results revealed that the expression of miRNA-766 was decreased in patients with colon cancer. The overall survival and disease-free survival rates of patients with colon cancer with a high expression of miRNA-766 were prolonged, compared with those with a low expression of miRNA-766. The overexpression of miRNA-766 reduced cell growth and induced apoptosis in colon cancer cells through suppression of the MDM4/p53 pathway. By contrast, the downregulation of miRNA-766 promoted cell growth and reduced apoptosis in colon cancer cells through activation of the MDM4/p53 pathway. The promotion of MDM4 attenuated the anticancer effect of miRNA-766 in colon cancer cells. These results demonstrated that miRNA-766 induced cell apoptosis in human colon cancer through MDM4/p53.

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