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1.
Surg Endosc ; 2022 Sep 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36050609

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Endoscopic full-thickness resection is a common endoscopic procedure for treating gastrointestinal submucosal tumors. Nasogastric tube placement is frequently performed after abdominal surgery, but the routine use of this approach remains controversial. The aim of this research was to explore whether nasogastric tube placement after gastric endoscopic full-thickness resection is necessary. METHODS: A retrospective study enrolled patients who underwent gastric endoscopic full-thickness resection in our hospital between January 2014 and January 2019, and all the patients had a tumor size ≤ 2 cm. The patients were divided into two groups according to whether a nasogastric tube was placed. Postprocedural adverse events and hospital stay duration were compared between the two groups using 1:1 propensity score matching. RESULTS: A total of 461 patients were enrolled in this study, including 385 patients in the nasogastric tube group (NGT group) and 76 patients in the non-nasogastric tube group (non-NGT group). After matching, the baseline characteristics of 73 patients in the NGT group and 73 patients in the non-NGT group were balanced (p > 0.05). The postprocedural fever rate in the NGT group was significantly higher than that in the non-NGT group (23.3% vs. 9.6%, p = 0.044). 6.9% (5/73) of patients experienced severe nasogastric tube-related throat discomfort. However, the duration of hospitalization stay was not different between the two groups. CONCLUSIONS: For patients with tumor size ≤ 2 cm, routine nasogastric tube placement after gastric endoscopic full-thickness resection may be unnecessary.

2.
Vaccine ; 2022 Sep 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36123259

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: This study was a randomized, double-blind, parallel-controlled trail to evaluate the rabies virus neutralizing activity(RVNA), safety and immunogenicity of Ormutivimab + rabies vaccine in Chinese healthy adults. METHODS: Subjects were randomly and equally assigned to 4 groups (20 IU/kg Omtv + vaccine, 40 IU/kg Omtv + vaccine, 20 IU/kg HRIG + vaccine, and placebo + vaccine). Subjects received vaccine as the WHO Essen regime combined with Omutivimab、HRIG or placebo on Day 0. The study lasted for 43 days. RESULTS: A total of 240 subjects were simultaneously assigned to both FAS and SS. Fifty subjects with baseline RVNA > 0.05 IU/ml (detection limit) were excluded, 190 were included into mITT. All the subjects from 40 IU/kg Omtv + vaccine group had a protection level of RNVA (≥0.5 IU/ml, WHO) on Day 14, and those in 20 IU/kg Omtv + vaccine group and placebo + vaccine group converted positive 100 % on Day 28. In contrast to 20 IU/kg HRIG + vaccine and placebo + vaccine, Ormutivimab + vaccine provided a higher RVNA during Days 0 to 7. And RVNA in 40 IU/kg Omtv + vaccine and 20 IU/kg Omtv + vaccine groups were always higher than 20 IU/kg HRIG + vaccine group during the whole study. Although anti-Omtv antibody were detected in some subjects, it did not influence the RVNA. The incidence of adverse reactions was significantly lower in 20 IU/kg Omtv + vaccine group (17.2 %) than in 40 IU/kg Omtv + vaccine (36.7 %) and 20 IU/kg HRIG + vaccine groups (40.3 %). CONCLUSION: Compared with HRIG + vaccine and placebo + vaccine, Omtv + vaccine provided higher RNVA for earlier immune protection. The interference of Ormutivimab on the long-term immune protection induced by rabies vaccine is weaker than HRIG. At the same dose, the adverse reactions of Omtv + vaccine group were less than HRIG + vaccine group. REGISTRATION: ClinicalTrials.gov #NCT02559921.

3.
3 Biotech ; 12(10): 274, 2022 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36110566

RESUMO

The superoxide dismutase (SOD) protein significantly influences the development and growth of plants and their reaction to abiotic stresses. However, little is known about the characteristics of rubber tree SOD genes and their expression changes under abiotic stresses. The present study recognized 11 SOD genes in the rubber tree genome, including 7 Cu/ZnSODs, 2 MnSODs, and 2 FeSODs. Except for HbFSD1, SODs were scattered on five chromosomes. The phylogenetic analysis of SOD proteins in rubber trees and a few other plants demonstrated that the SOD proteins contained three major subgroups. Moreover, the genes belonging to the same clade contained similar gene structures, which confirmed their classification further. The extension of the SOD gene family in the rubber tree was mainly induced by the segmental duplication events. The cis-acting components analysis showed that HbSODs were utilized in many biological procedures. The transcriptomics data indicated that the phosphorylation of the C-terminal domain of RNA polymerase II might control the cold response genes through the CBF pathway and activate the SOD system to respond to cold stress. The qRT-PCR results showed that the expression of HbCSD1 was significantly downregulated under drought and salt stresses, which might dominate the adaption capability to different stresses. Additionally, salt promoted the expression levels of HbMSD1 and HbMSD2, exhibiting their indispensable role in the salinity reaction. The study results will provide a theoretical basis for deep research on HbSODs in rubber trees. Supplementary Information: The online version contains supplementary material available at 10.1007/s13205-022-03328-7.

4.
Vaccines (Basel) ; 10(8)2022 Jul 29.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36016106

RESUMO

Ormutivimab is the first recombinant human anti-rabies monoclonal antibody (rhRIG) approved for clinical application in China. In this study, a population pharmacodynamic (PPD) model was established to compare the neutralizing antibody activities of Ormutivimab and human rabies immunoglobulin (HRIG), alone or combined with human rabies vaccine (Vero), in a phase II clinical trial, and to recommend a target dose for the phase III trial. The model was verified to fit the PPD data well. The stability of the model was verified by the bootstrap method. The level of neutralizing antibodies in vivo increased rapidly after administration of Ormutivimab or HRIG. Neutralizing antibodies with a strong activity were produced at 7 days (Ormutivimab + vaccine) or 10 days (HRIG + vaccine) after induction by the vaccine in vivo. Compared to that induced by HRIG + vaccine, the level of the neutralizing antibodies induced by Ormutivimab + vaccine peaked higher and faster. The levels of neutralizing antibodies induced by Ormutivimab + vaccine and HRIG + vaccine were similar within 21 days after administration. According to these results and the safety data, 20 IU·kg-1 was recommended as the target dose in the confirmatory study of Ormutivimab. Registration: ClinicalTrials.gov #NCT02559921.

5.
Front Cardiovasc Med ; 9: 930000, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36035915

RESUMO

The associations between sleep duration and cardiovascular diseases (CVDs) have been explored in many observational studies. However, the causality of sleep duration and many CVDs, such as coronary artery disease (CAD), heart failure (HF), and stroke, remains unclear. In this study, we conducted a systematic meta-review and meta-analysis of the results of observational and Mendelian randomization (MR) studies to examine how sleep duration impacts the risk of CVDs. We searched articles published in English and before 10 September 2021 in PubMed, Web of Science, and Embase. The articles were screened independently by two reviewers to minimize potential bias. We combined the meta-analyses of observational studies and 11 MR studies and summarized evidence of the effect of sleep duration on the risk of CAD, HF, stroke, and cardiovascular and all-cause mortality. Results showed that (a) evidence is accumulating that short sleep duration is a causal risk factor for CAD and HF; (b) abundant evidence from observational studies supports that long sleep duration is associated with the risk of CAD, stroke, and mortality, and long sleep duration has no causal associations with stroke and CAD in the MR studies; the causation of long sleep duration and other CVDs should be further studied; and (c) emerging evidence indicates that an increase in hours of sleep is associated with a decreased risk of CAD. Finally, we discussed the underlying pathophysiological mechanisms underlying short sleep duration and CVDs and suggested that increasing sleep duration benefits cardiovascular health.

6.
Hypertension ; 79(10): e116-e128, 2022 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35950516

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Regular exercise has been recommended clinically for all individuals to protect against hypertension but the underlying mechanisms are not fully elucidated. We recently found a significant mitochondrial fragmentation in the vascular endothelium of hypertensive human subjects. In this study, we investigated whether exercise could restore endothelial mitochondrial dynamics and thus improve vascular function in hypertension. METHODS: Vascular endothelial mitochondrial morphological alterations were examined in patients with hypertension and hypertensive animal models. Furthermore, swimming exercise-induced endothelial mitochondrial dynamics and vascular function changes were investigated in spontaneously hypertensive rats (SHRs). RESULTS: Mitochondrial fragmentation with an elevated mitochondrial fission mediator Drp1 (dynamin-related protein-1) was observed in the mesenteric artery endothelium from hypertensive patients. A similar mitochondrial fragmentation with increased Drp1 expression were exhibited in the aortic endothelium of angiotensin II-induced hypertensive mice and SHRs. Interestingly, swimming exercise significantly reduced vascular Drp1 expression and alleviated endothelial mitochondrial fragmentation, thus improving blood pressure in SHRs. In cultured endothelial cells, angiotensin II exposure induced Drp1 upregulation, mitochondrial fragmentation and dysfunction, and reduced nitric oxide production, which was blunted by Drp1 genetic reduction or its inhibitor Mdivi-1. Mdivi-1 administration also ameliorated endothelial mitochondrial fragmentation, vascular dysfunction and blood pressure elevation in SHRs while swimming exercise plus Mdivi-1 treatment provided no additional benefits, suggesting that Drp1 inhibition may partially contribute to swimming exercise-conferred anti-hypertensive effects. CONCLUSIONS: These findings suggest that swimming exercise alleviates endothelial mitochondrial fragmentation via inhibiting Drp1, which may contribute to exercise-induced improvement of vascular function and blood pressure in hypertension.


Assuntos
Células Endoteliais , Hipertensão , Angiotensina II/metabolismo , Angiotensina II/farmacologia , Animais , Dinaminas , Células Endoteliais/metabolismo , Endotélio Vascular/metabolismo , Humanos , Hipertensão/metabolismo , Hipertensão/terapia , Camundongos , Dinâmica Mitocondrial , Ratos , Natação
7.
Zhongguo Dang Dai Er Ke Za Zhi ; 24(7): 806-811, 2022 Jul 15.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35894197

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: To investigate the differences in non-suicidal self-injury (NSSI) behaviors between only-child and non-only-child adolescents with mood disorders. METHODS: A three-stage sampling method was used to perform a cross-sectional survey of 529 adolescents, aged 12-18 years, who had mood disorders and NSSI behaviors. These adolescents were sampled from the outpatient service of 20 mental hospitals in 9 provinces of China from August to November 2020. A self-made questionnaire was used to collect general demographic data. The Functional Assessment of Self-Mutilation, Beck Scale for Suicide Ideation, Kessler Psychological Distress Scale, Stress Mindset Measure-General, Multidimensional Scale of Perceived Social Support, Multidimensional Students' Life Satisfaction Scales, and Rosenberg Self-Esteem Scale were used to collect the information on self-injury behaviors and psychological factors in these adolescents. RESULTS: A total of 529 adolescents with mood disorders and NSSI behaviors were surveyed, among whom 375 were only-child adolescents and 154 were non-only-child adolescents. Compared with the non-only-child group, the only-child group had a significantly higher total score of Functional Assessment of Self-Mutilation (P<0.05) .The type and frequency of self-injury in the only-child group were significantly higher than those in the non-only-child group (P<0.05). Psychological analysis showed that compared with the non-only-child group, the only-child group had a significantly lower score of self-esteem (P<0.05) and significantly higher scores of psychological distress and depressive symptoms (P<0.05). The multiple linear regression analysis showed that the score of suicidal ideation was positively correlated with the frequency of NSSI behaviors in both only-child and non-only-child adolescents with mood disorders (P<0.05); in the only-child adolescents, the level of self-esteem was negatively correlated with the frequency of NSSI behaviors (P<0.05), and the score of stress perception was positively correlated with the frequency of NSSI behaviors (P<0.05); in the non-only-child adolescents, the score of anxious emotion was positively correlated with the frequency of NSSI behaviors (P<0.05). CONCLUSIONS: Among the adolescents with mood disorders and NSSI behaviors, the only-child adolescents tend to have a higher frequency of self-injury and poorer mental health, and therefore, the only-child adolescents with mood disorders and NSSI behaviors need more attention.


Assuntos
Automutilação , Comportamento Autodestrutivo , Adolescente , Estudos Transversais , Humanos , Transtornos do Humor , Fatores de Risco , Comportamento Autodestrutivo/psicologia , Tentativa de Suicídio/psicologia
8.
Entropy (Basel) ; 24(7)2022 Jun 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35885110

RESUMO

Heat transfer and frictional performance at the air-side is predominant for the application and optimization of finned tube heat exchangers. For aerospace engineering, the heat exchanger operates under negative pressure, whereas the general prediction models of convective heat transfer coefficient and pressure penalty for this scenario are rarely reported. In the current study, a numerical model is developed to determine the air-side heat transfer and frictional performance. The influence of air pressure (absolute pressure) is discussed in detail, and the entropy generation considering the effect of heat transfer and pressure drop are analyzed. Furthermore, prediction models of air-side thermal and frictional factors are also developed. The results indicate that both the convective heat transfer coefficient and pressure penalty decrease significantly with decreasing air pressure, and the air-side heat transfer coefficient is decreased by 64.6~73.3% at an air pressure of 25 kPa compared with normal environment pressure. The entropy generation by temperature difference accounts for the highest proportion of the total entropy generation. The prediction correlations of Colburn j-factor and friction factor f show satisfactory accuracy with the absolute mean deviations of 7.48% and 9.42%, respectively. This study can provide a reference for the practical application of fined tube heat exchangers under a negative pressure environment.

9.
Front Cell Dev Biol ; 10: 824299, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35874843

RESUMO

Gliomas are central nervous system tumors originating from glial cells, whose incidence and mortality rise in coming years. The current treatment of gliomas is surgery combined with chemotherapy or radiotherapy. However, developing therapeutic resistance is one of the significant challenges. Recent research suggested that small interfering RNA (siRNA) has excellent potential as a therapeutic to silence genes that are significantly involved in the manipulation of gliomas' malignant phenotypes, including proliferation, invasion, metastasis, therapy resistance, and immune escape. However, it is challenging to deliver the naked siRNA to the action site in the cells of target tissues. Therefore, it is urgent to develop delivery strategies to transport siRNA to achieve the optimal silencing effect of the target gene. However, there is no systematic discussion about siRNAs' clinical potential and delivery strategies in gliomas. This review mainly discusses siRNAs' delivery strategies, especially nanotechnology-based delivery systems, as a potential glioma therapy. Moreover, we envisage the future orientation and challenges in translating these findings into clinical applications.

10.
Am J Obstet Gynecol MFM ; 4(5): 100689, 2022 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35830955

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Racial and ethnic diversification of the physician and nurse workforce is recommended as a leverage point to address the impact of structural racism in maternal care, but empirical evidence supporting this recommendation is currently lacking. OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to assess the association between state-level registered nurse workforce racial and ethnic diversity and severe adverse maternal outcomes during childbirth. STUDY DESIGN: This population-based cross-sectional study analyzed 2017 US birth certificate data. Severe adverse maternal outcomes included eclampsia, blood transfusion, hysterectomy, or intensive care unit admission. Proportions of minoritized racial and ethnic registered nurses in each state were abstracted from the American Community Survey (5-year estimate, 2013-2017). This proportion was categorized into 3 terciles, with the first tercile corresponding to the lowest proportion and the third tercile corresponding to the highest proportion. Crude and adjusted odds ratios and 95% confidence intervals of severe adverse maternal outcomes associated with terciles of the state proportion of minoritized racial and ethnic nurses were estimated using logistic regression models. RESULTS: Of the 3,668,813 birth certificates studied, 29,174 recorded severe adverse maternal outcomes (79.5 per 10,000; 95% confidence interval, 78.6-80.4). The mean state proportion of minoritized racial and ethnic nurses was 22.1%, ranging from 3.3% in Maine to 68.2% in Hawaii. For White mothers, the incidence of severe adverse outcomes was 85.3 per 10,000 for those who gave births in states in the first tercile of the proportion of minoritized racial and ethnic nurses and 53.9 per 10,000 for those who gave birth in states in the third tercile (risk difference, -31.4 per 10,000; 95% confidence interval, -34.4 to -28.5). It corresponds to a 37% decreased risk of severe adverse maternal outcomes associated with giving birth in a state in the third tercile (crude odds ratio, 0.63; 95% confidence interval, 0.60-0.66). A decreased risk of severe adverse maternal outcomes was observed for Black mothers (crude odds ratio, 0.65; 95% confidence interval, 0.61-0.70), Hispanic mothers (crude odds ratio, 0.51; 95% confidence interval, 0.48-0.54), and Asian and Pacific Islander mothers (crude odds ratio, 0.65; 95% confidence interval, 0.58-0.72) but not for Native American mothers (crude odds ratio, 0.89; 95% confidence interval, 0.72-1.09) or mothers with >1 race (crude odds ratio, 1.44; 95% confidence interval, 0.72-1.09). After adjustment for patients and hospital characteristics, giving birth in states in the third tercile was associated with a reduced risk of severe adverse outcomes as follows: 32% for White mothers (adjusted odds ratio, 0.68; 95% confidence interval, 0.59-0.77), 20% for Black mothers (adjusted odds ratio, 0.80; 95% confidence interval, 0.65-0.99), 31% for Hispanic mothers (adjusted odds ratio, 0.69; 95% confidence interval, 0.58-0.82), and 50% for Asian and Pacific Islander mothers (adjusted odds ratio, 0.50; 95% confidence interval, 0.38-0.65). The associations of the proportion of minoritized racial and ethnic nurses with the risk of severe adverse maternal outcomes were not statistically significant for Native American mothers and more than 1 race mothers. Results were similar when blood transfusion was excluded from the outcome measure. CONCLUSION: A diverse state registered nurse workforce was associated with a reduced risk of severe adverse maternal outcomes during childbirth.


Assuntos
Etnicidade , Hispânico ou Latino , Estudos Transversais , Feminino , Humanos , Havaiano Nativo ou Outro Ilhéu do Pacífico , Gravidez , Recursos Humanos
11.
Front Pediatr ; 10: 888370, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35783304

RESUMO

Objective: To investigate the clinical incidence and characteristics of type 1 diabetes mellitus (T1DM) of children and adolescents at the time of initial diagnosis in China. Methods: Data on all pediatric patients with newly diagnosed T1DM were retrospectively collected from 34 medical centers in 25 major cities in China from January 2015 to January 2020. Patients were classified into three age groups: <5 years, 5 to <10 years, and ≥10 years of age. The same patient population was also categorized into diabetic ketoacidosis (DKA) and non-DKA groups based on clinical criteria. Results: The mean annual clinical incidence of T1DM was 3.16/100,000 from the years 2015 to 2019. A total of 6,544 patients with newly diagnosed T1DM aged 0-16 years (median 7.84 ± 3.8) were studied [ages <5 years (29.3%), 5 to <10 years (38.7%), and ≥10 years (32%)], 52.4% of them were women. In total, 90.5% of the cases were occurred in individuals without a family history. Patients had lower C-peptide (CP) and body mass index (BMI) z scores when compared with healthy children, 41.8% of them had measurable T1DM-related antibodies and 52.7% had DKA. Among all three age groups, the <5 years group had the lowest BMI z score, CP, and glycated hemoglobin (HbA1c) on average, while it had the highest incidence rate of DKA (56.9%). Compared to the non-DKA group, the DKA group was significantly younger, with a lower BMI z score and CP, higher antibody positive rate, HbA1c, and the rate of insulin pump therapy. Conclusion: The clinical incidence of T1DM in children and adolescents in China was 3.16/100,000. Patients with DKA at the first diagnosis of T1DM have a worse ß-cell function. Public health measures for the prevention and treatment of T1DM should focus on preschoolers (aged <5 years) in particular, considering the severity and the highest frequency of DKA in this age group. More efforts should be dedicated to early screening and diagnosis of the T1DM.

12.
Hum Vaccin Immunother ; : 2079924, 2022 Jun 17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35714276

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: A quadrivalent split influenza vaccine IIV4-W against both influenza A and B viruses is urgently needed. METHODS: To evaluate the safety and immunogenicity of IIV4-W in people aged 3-60 years, 2400 participants recruited in a double-blind phase III trial and were randomly assigned to the IIV4-W, TIV1 and TIV2 groups. The immunogenicity indicators were measured at 28 days postvaccination and for 180 days for safety follow-up. RESULTS: Adverse events (AEs) occurred in 162 (20.28%), 116 (14.55%) and 123 (15.41%) participants in the IIV4-W, TIV1 and TIV2 groups, respectively. All these AEs were mild and self-limiting, and no serious AEs related to the vaccines were observed. IIV4-W elicited a non-inferior immune response for matched strains (the lower limit of 95% CI for GMT ratio >0.67, for SCR and SPR difference >-10%) and superior immune response for the additional B strains (the lower limit of 95% CI for GMT ratio >1.5, for SCR difference >10%) versus TIVs. The lower limit of the 95% confidence interval of the GMT increase fold, the seroconversion rate and the seroprotection rate exceeded 2.5, 40% and 70% for the four strains in IIV4-W respectively. CONCLUSIONS: IIV4-W was noninferior to the TIV-matched strains and was superior to the additional B strain. IIV4-W was safe in the participants and elicited high antibody titers.

13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35752289

RESUMO

To achieve the enormous potential of gene-editing technology in clinical therapies, one needs to evaluate both the on-target efficiency and unintended editing consequences comprehensively. However, there is a lack of a pipelined, large-scale, and economical workflow for detecting genome editing outcomes, in particular insertion or deletion of a large fragment. Here, we describe an approach for efficient and accurate detection of multiple genetic changes after CRISPR/Cas9 editing by pooled nanopore sequencing of barcoded long-range PCR products. Recognizing the high error rates of Oxford nanopore sequencing, we developed a novel pipeline to capture the barcoded sequences by grepping reads of nanopore amplicon sequencing (GREPore-seq). GREPore-seq can assess nonhomologous end-joining (NHEJ)-mediated double-stranded oligodeoxynucleotide (dsODN) insertions with comparable accuracy to Illumina next-generation sequencing (NGS). GREPore-seq also reveals a full spectrum of homology-directed repair (HDR)-mediated large gene knock-in, correlating well with the fluorescence-activated cell sorting (FACS) analysis results. Of note, we discovered low-level fragmented and full-length plasmid backbone insertion at the CRISPR cutting site. Therefore, we have established a practical workflow to evaluate various genetic changes, including quantifying insertions of short dsODNs, knock-ins of long pieces, plasmid insertions, and large fragment deletions after CRISPR editing. GREPore-seq is freely available at GitHub (https://github.com/lisiang/GREPore-seq) and the National Genomics Data Center (NGDC) BioCode (https://ngdc.cncb.ac.cn/biocode/tools/BT007293).

14.
J Matern Fetal Neonatal Med ; : 1-10, 2022 Jun 27.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35762044

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The pathogenesis of intrahepatic cholestasis of pregnancy (ICP) is not clear, and some researchers have compared the differences in serum levels of inflammatory cytokines between ICP patients and normal pregnant women, but there are few studies and different conclusions. AIM: To investigate the levels of inflammatory cytokines such as interleukins (IL) -4, IL-6, IL-8, and tumor necrosis factor alpha (TNF-α) in patients with ICP and their potential role in pathophysiology. METHODS: This case-control study was conducted in Shanghai First Maternity and Infant Health Hospital, and we recruited ICP patients and age-matched healthy pregnant women as a control group. Plasma samples from 40 subjects with ICP and 40 subjects without ICP were tested for concentration of the following inflammatory cytokines: interferon-gamma, IL-1 alpha, IL-1 beta, IL-2, IL-4, IL-6, IL-8, IL-10, and TNF-α. Analyzed inflammatory cytokines were then assessed, either individually or in combination with regard to ICP. RESULTS: The cytokine composition of the ICP and CTL group was significantly different. We compared levels of inflammatory cytokines with regard to the presence of ICP symptoms. Levels of IL-4, IL-6, and TNF-α were significantly lower in ICP subjects, and IL-8 were significantly higher in ICP subjects, compared with CTL subjects. The TNF-α showed the best performance for ICP identification (area under the curve [AUC]: 0.829). Performance was increased when TNF-α was combined with IL-4 and IL-8 analysis (AUC, 0.901). Spearman correlation and linear regression analysis revealed that the TNF-α concentrations correlated with IL-4 and IL-6 levels, and inversely correlated to TBA, ALT, AST, and IL-8 levels. CONCLUSION: IL-4, IL-6, and TNF-α were significantly decreased, while IL-8 was significantly increased in the ICP group compared with the healthy control group. TNF showed the best single marker discriminatory potential; however, combining TNF-α, IL-4, and IL-8 analyses increased performance for ICP identification.

15.
Inorg Chem ; 61(24): 9063-9072, 2022 Jun 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35671331

RESUMO

Copper-deficient Cu2-xS nanoparticles (NPs) are extensively exploited as a superior cation exchange (CE) template to yield sophisticated nanostructures. Recently, it has been discovered that their CE reactions can be facilely manipulated by copper vacancy density, morphology, and NP size. However, the structural similarity of usually utilized Cu2-xS somewhat limits the manipulation of the CE reactions through the factor of crystal structure because it can strongly influence the process of the reaction. Herein, we report a methodology of crystal structure transformation to manipulate the CE reactions. Particularly, roxbyite Cu1.8S nanodisks (NDs) were converted into solid wurtzite CdS NDs and Janus-type Cu1.94S/CdS NDs by a "full"/partial CE reaction with Cd2+. Afterward, the roxbyite Cu1.8S were pseudomorphically transformed into covellite CuS NDs. Unlike Cu1.8S, the CuS was scarcely exchanged because of the unique disulfide (S-S) bonds and converted into hollow wurtzite CdS under a more reactive condition. The S-S bonds were gradually split and CuS@CdS core@shell-type NDs were generated. Therefore, our findings in the present study provide not only a versatile technique to manipulate CE reactions in Cu2-xS NPs but also a better comprehension of their reaction dynamics and pathways.

16.
Cardiovasc Diabetol ; 21(1): 109, 2022 06 17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35715813

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Adverse ventricular structure and function is a key pathogenic mechanism of heart failure. Observational studies have shown that both insulin resistance (IR) and glycemic level are associated with adverse ventricular structure and function. However, whether IR and glycemic level are causally associated with cardiac structure and function remains unclear. METHODS: Genetic variants for IR, fasting insulin, HbA1c, and fasting glucose were selected based on published genome-wide association studies, which included 188,577, 108,557, 123,665, and 133,010 individuals of European ancestry, respectively. Outcome datasets for left ventricular (LV) parameters were obtained from UK Biobank Cardiovascular Magnetic Resonance sub-study (n = 16,923). Mendelian randomization (MR) analyses with the inverse-variance weighted (IVW) method were used for the primary analyses, while weighted median, MR-Egger, and MR-PRESSO were used for sensitivity analyses. Multivariable MR analyses were also conducted to examine the independent effects of glycemic traits on LV parameters. RESULTS: In the primary IVW MR analyses, per 1-standard deviation (SD) higher IR was significantly associated with lower LV end-diastolic volume (ß = - 0.31 ml, 95% confidence interval [CI] - 0.48 to - 0.14 ml; P = 4.20 × 10-4), lower LV end-systolic volume (ß = - 0.34 ml, 95% CI - 0.51 to - 0.16 ml; P = 1.43 × 10-4), and higher LV mass to end-diastolic volume ratio (ß = 0.50 g/ml, 95% CI 0.32 to 0.67 g/ml; P = 6.24 × 10-8) after Bonferroni adjustment. However, no associations of HbA1c and fasting glucose were observed with any LV parameters. Results from sensitivity analyses were consistent with the main findings, but with a slightly attenuated estimate. Multivariable MR analyses provided further evidence for an independent effect of IR on the adverse changes in LV parameters after controlling for HbA1c. CONCLUSIONS: Our study suggests that genetic liability to IR rather than those of glycemic levels are associated with adverse changes in LV structure and function, which may strengthen our understanding of IR as a risk factor for heart failure by providing evidence of direct impact on cardiac morphology.


Assuntos
Insuficiência Cardíaca , Resistência à Insulina , Glicemia/análise , Estudo de Associação Genômica Ampla , Hemoglobina A Glicada/análise , Humanos , Resistência à Insulina/genética , Análise da Randomização Mendeliana , Polimorfismo de Nucleotídeo Único
17.
J Occup Environ Med ; 64(7): e417-e423, 2022 07 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35732029

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to assess occupational circumstances associated with adverse mental health among health care workers during the COVID-19 pandemic. METHODS: A cross-sectional study examined responses to an on-line survey conducted among 2076 licensed health care workers during the first pandemic peak. Mental health (depression, anxiety, stress, and anger) was examined as a multivariate outcome for association with COVID-related occupational experiences. RESULTS: Odds of negative mental health were increased among those who worked directly with patients while sick themselves (adjusted odds ratio, 2.29; 95% confidence interval, 1.71-3.08) and were independently associated with working more hours than usual in the past 2 weeks, having family/friends who died due to COVID-19, having COVID-19 symptoms, and facing insufficiencies in personal protective equipment/other shortages. CONCLUSIONS: Occupational circumstances were associated with adverse mental health outcomes among health care workers during the COVID-19 pandemic, and some are potentially modifiable.


Assuntos
COVID-19 , Doenças Profissionais , Ansiedade/epidemiologia , COVID-19/epidemiologia , Estudos Transversais , Depressão/epidemiologia , Pessoal de Saúde/psicologia , Humanos , New York/epidemiologia , Avaliação de Resultados em Cuidados de Saúde , Pandemias , SARS-CoV-2
18.
Compr Rev Food Sci Food Saf ; 21(4): 3436-3454, 2022 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35686487

RESUMO

Microwave is a form of electromagnetic radiation that has high penetration and heating efficiency in food processing. Uneven heating is the main problem of microwave processing, especially in solid foods. Fluid and semifluid media, which are good carriers in microwave processing, have uniform dielectric properties and good material fluidity. Herein, we review the development, application prospects, and limitations of microwave in fluid and semifluid food processing and the research progress in microwave heating with steam as carrier. The mixture of generated steam and tiny micro droplets from food material under the action of microwave can absorb microwave and transfer heat evenly, which effectively improves the uniformity of microwave heating. Due to the relatively uniform dielectric properties and consistent texture of fluid and semifluid food materials, uneven heating phenomenon during their microwave processing can be significantly inhibited. Based on the development of microwave heating technology and equipment design, the microbial inactivation and enzyme inhibition in fluid and semifluid food were improved and food product with better retention of nutrients and sensory profile were produced. Also, microwave radiation can be used to prepare the printing material or process the printed product for 3D food printing, which enhances the added value of 3D printed products and the personalization of food manufacturing. In future research, intelligent control technology can be applied in the microwave processing of fluid and semifluid food materials for various applications. Therefore, the processing conditions can be adjusted automatically.


Assuntos
Calefação , Micro-Ondas , Manipulação de Alimentos , Vapor , Tecnologia
19.
Open Life Sci ; 17(1): 529-543, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35647297

RESUMO

This study aimed to explore potential biomarkers and molecular mechanisms in preeclampsia (PE) progression. Gene expression profiles of GSE147776 and GSE96984 were downloaded, followed by the identification of common differentially expressed genes (co-DEGs) and common differentially expressed lncRNAs (co-DElncRNAs) in PE patients between the two datasets. Key genes were identified using gene set enrichment analysis (GSEA), followed by functional enrichment analyses. Subsequently, the miRNAs of key genes and miRNA-related lncRNAs were predicted, followed by the construction of the lncRNA-miRNA-gene ceRNA network. Furthermore, the key genes associated with different gestational stages were identified. As a result, 192 co-DEGs and 16 co-DElncRNAs were revealed from the two datasets. Based on two outstanding PE-associated pathways, including glaucoma and PE, identified by GSEA, ten key genes, including IGFBP1, CORIN, and C3, were revealed. Key genes, including IL1A and IL1B, were enriched in the developmental process involved in reproduction. Furthermore, ceRNAs, such as LINC00473-miR-4476-IL1A, LINC00473-miR-1291-IL1B, and NAV2-AS4-miR-6131-REN, were identified. Moreover, REN expression was significantly upregulated in the first- and second-trimester placentae compared to C-section-term placentae. In conclusion, these key genes may serve as novel biomarkers for PE. The detection of REN expression may help in the early prediction of PE and the initiation of prophylactic medical treatment.

20.
Biomed Res Int ; 2022: 1915458, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35707387

RESUMO

Background: It was gradually accepted that endoscopic fragment biopsy (EFB) diagnosis cannot accurately guarantee the absence of higher-grade neoplasms within the lesion of the digestive tract. There are no well-established predictors for histopathologically upgrade discrepancies between EFB diagnosing colorectal low-grade intraepithelial neoplasia (LGIN) and endoscopic resection (ER) specimens. Methods: A total of 918 colorectal LGINs was histopathologically diagnosed by EFB, including 162 cases with upgrade discrepancy and 756 concordant cases. We compared clinicopathological data of EFB and ER specimens between these two groups. Multivariate analysis was performed to identify predictors for this upgrade histopathology. Results: The predominant upgrade discrepancy of LGINs diagnosed by EFB was upgrades to high-grade dysplasia (114/918, 12.4%), followed by upgrades to intramucosal carcinoma (33/918, 3.6%), submucosal adenocarcinoma (10/918, 1.1%), and advanced adenocarcinoma (5/918, 0.5%). NSAID history (OR 4.83; 95% CI, 2.27-10.27; p < 0.001), insufficient EFB number (OR 2.99; 95% CI, 1.91-4.68; p < 0.001), maximum diameter ≥ 1.0 cm (OR 6.18; 95% CI, 1.32-28.99; p = 0.021), lobulated shape (OR 2.68; 95% CI, 1.65-4.36; p < 0.001), erythema (OR 2.42; 95% CI, 1.50-3.91; p < 0.001), erosion (OR 7.12; 95% CI, 3.91-12.94; p < 0.001), surface unevenness (OR 2.31; 95% CI, 1.33-4.01; p = 0.003), and distal location of the target adenoma (OR 3.29; 95% CI, 1.68-6.41; p < 0.001) were associated with the histologically upgrade discrepancies. Conclusion: NSAID history, insufficient EFB number, adenoma size and location, and abnormal macroscopic patterns are potential predictors for upgrade histopathology of LGINs diagnosed by EFBs. The standardization of EFB number and advanced imaging techniques could minimize the risk of neglecting the potential of this upgrade histopathology.


Assuntos
Adenocarcinoma , Adenoma , Carcinoma in Situ , Neoplasias Colorretais , Neoplasias Gástricas , Adenocarcinoma/diagnóstico , Adenocarcinoma/patologia , Adenocarcinoma/cirurgia , Adenoma/diagnóstico , Adenoma/patologia , Adenoma/cirurgia , Anti-Inflamatórios não Esteroides , Biópsia/métodos , Carcinoma in Situ/diagnóstico , Carcinoma in Situ/patologia , Carcinoma in Situ/cirurgia , Neoplasias Colorretais/diagnóstico , Neoplasias Colorretais/cirurgia , Gastroscopia/métodos , Humanos , Estudos Retrospectivos , Neoplasias Gástricas/patologia , Instrumentos Cirúrgicos
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