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1.
J Hazard Mater ; 422: 126927, 2022 Jan 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34449350

RESUMO

For the first time, we develop a terbium (III)-functionalized covalent organic framework named Dpy-NhBt-COF@Tb3+, through anchoring Tb3+ onto a two-dimensional imine COF (Dpy-NhBt-COF), as the selective and sensitive turn-on fluorescent switch for ochratoxin A (OTA) monitoring. Of particular significance, Tb3+ actually plays two roles during sensing process: the specific response signal, and exclusive recognition sites for OTA, while Dpy-NhBt-COF acts as the protector for Tb3+. The sensing process involves the replacement of coordinated water molecules from Tb3+ by OTA and the energy transfer from OTA to Tb3+ centers, resulting in remarkable fluorescence emergence of Tb3+. The stabilization of Tb3+ via coordination with bipyridine of Dpy-NhBt-COF not only reduces the nonselective binding of naturally occurring ligands, but also avoids the non-radiative quenching caused by solvents molecules. As a sensing platform, Dpy-NhBt-COF@Tb3+ possesses noticeable selectivity and high sensitivity toward OTA with an ultralow detection limit of 13.5 nM and rapid response of 10 s. Taken together, our work not only demonstrates great prospect of Tb3+-functionalized COF for OTA detection, but also provides a potential way to explore other functionalized materials as promising sensors for other targets.

2.
Cancer Lett ; 525: 46-54, 2022 Jan 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34610416

RESUMO

Sterol regulatory element-binding protein 1 (SREBP-1), a master transcription factor in lipogenesis and lipid metabolism, is critical for disease progression and associated with poor outcomes in prostate cancer (PCa) patients. However, the mechanism of SREBP-1 regulation in PCa remains elusive. Here, we report that SREBP-1 is transcriptionally regulated by microRNA-21 (miR-21) in vitro in cultured cells and in vivo in mouse models. We observed aberrant upregulation of SREBP-1, fatty acid synthase (FASN) and acetyl-CoA carboxylase (ACC) in Pten/Trp53 double-null mouse embryonic fibroblasts (MEFs) and Pten/Trp53 double-null mutant mice. Strikingly, miR-21 loss significantly reduced cell proliferation and suppressed the prostate tumorigenesis of Pten/Trp53 mutant mice. Mechanistically, miR-21 inactivation decreased the levels of SREBP-1, FASN, and ACC in human PCa cells through downregulation of insulin receptor substrate 1 (IRS1)-mediated transcription and induction of cellular senescence. Conversely, miR-21 overexpression increased cell proliferation and migration; as well as the levels of IRS1, SREBP-1, FASN, and ACC in human PCa cells. Our findings reveal that miR-21 promotes PCa progression by activating the IRS1/SREBP-1 axis, and targeting miR-21/SREBP-1 signaling pathway can be a novel strategy for controlling PCa malignancy.

3.
Dis Markers ; 2021: 6915329, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34790278

RESUMO

PIWI-interacting RNAs (piRNAs) are small noncoding RNAs that play important roles in germline development and carcinogenesis. In this study, we used the deep sequencing of small RNA Transcriptome to explore the piRNA expression in six clear cell renal carcinoma (ccRCC) tissues and matched adjacent normal tissues and found that six piRNAs were upregulated and sixteen were downregulated in ccRCC tissues. Among them, piRNA-31115 (NCBI accession number: DQ571003) was the most upregulated piRNA in ccRCC tissues compared with matched adjacent normal tissues. Quantitative real-time PCR (qRT-PCR) was used to confirm piR-31115 expression in other ccRCC tissues (n = 40) and ccRCC cell lines. Besides, function analysis demonstrated that silencing of piR-31115 inhibited ccRCC cell proliferation, motility, and invasiveness. Mechanistic investigations showed that piRNA-31115 may activate epithelial-mesenchymal transition (EMT) via the PI3K/AKT signaling pathway. Hence, piR-31115 may represent an oncogene in the development of ccRCC.

4.
J Hazard Mater ; : 127600, 2021 Oct 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34801305

RESUMO

Parental environmental copper (Cu) exposure is widespread, causing problems for sustainability of fish populations, and epigenetics is suggested to be fundamental during the process, but the mechanism is scarcely reported. Here, we describe the effects of parental environmental Cu exposure on zebrafish developmental abnormality in subsequent generation. This study demonstrated for the first time that: 1. offspring from Cu-stressed paternal adult zebrafish showed developmental defects in the nervous and digestive system and changes in transcriptome; 2. Cu-induced alterations in sperm methylome and transcriptome could induce loci-specific alterations in DNA methylome and corresponding changes in the related gene transcription in offspring; 3. differentially methylated regions in pmpcb, crebl2 and tab2 promoters acted pivotally in their transcription; 4. pmpcb, crebl2 and tab2 are key individual contributors to parental Cu exposure-induced developmental defects in the nervous system, retina and digestive system of the offspring. Those data revealed that Cu-induced alterations in sperm methylome and transcriptome can be passed down to their fertilized offspring, reprogramming the epigenetic and transcriptional regulation of embryogenesis and causing embryonic developmental defects, suggesting that environmental Cu might pose a huge threat to the sustainability of fish populations.

5.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34784276

RESUMO

Supporting the translation from natural language (NL) query to visualization (NL2VIS) can simplify the creation of data visualizations because if successful, anyone can generate visualizations by their natural language from the tabular data. The stateof-the-art NL2VIS approaches (e.g., NL4DV and FlowSense) are based on semantic parsers and heuristic algorithms, which are not end-to-end and are not designed for supporting (possibly) complex data transformations. Deep neural network powered neural machine translation models have made great strides in many machine translation tasks, which suggests that they might be viable for NL2VIS as well. In this paper, we present ncNet, a Transformer-based sequence-to-sequence model for supporting NL2VIS, with several novel visualization-aware optimizations, including using attention-forcing to optimize the learning process, and visualization-aware rendering to produce better visualization results. To enhance the capability of machine to comprehend natural language queries, ncNet is also designed to take an optional chart template (e.g., a pie chart or a scatter plot) as an additional input, where the chart template will be served as a constraint to limit what could be visualized. We conducted both quantitative evaluation and user study, showing that ncNet achieves good accuracy in the nvBench benchmark and is easy-to-use.

6.
mSystems ; : e0097921, 2021 Nov 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34726492

RESUMO

When facing a food shortage, generalist herbivores can respond by expanding their dietary species richness (DSR) to maximize energy collection, regardless of whether forages are preferred or not. Higher DSR usually indicates higher nutrient adequacy and better health. However, the high-DSR diet containing a large proportion of preferred species or a large proportion of less-preferred species means different things to an animal. It is still unknown how different shift patterns in DSR would affect distinctly the performance of animals via altering gut microbiota. We examined the gut microbial composition, diversity, community assembly processes, and performance of a generalist herbivore, Lasiopodomys brandtii, in a feeding experiment with increased levels of simulated DSR shifting from preferred plant species to less preferred ones. We found the survival rate and body growth of Brandt's voles showed a dome-shaped association with DSR: species performance increased initially with the increase of preferred plant species but declined with the increase of less-preferred food items. Several microbial taxa and functions closely related to the metabolism of amino acids and short-chain fatty acids also showed a dome-shaped association with DSR, which is consistent with the observation of performance change. However, the alpha diversities of gut microbiota increased linearly with DSR. The null model and phylogenetic analysis suggested that stochastic processes dominate at low DSR diets, whereas deterministic processes prevail at high DSR diets. These results suggest that the role of DSR in regulating animal performance by gut microbiota depends on the number of preferred forage items. IMPORTANCE The plant species diversity varies greatly under the influence of both climate change and human disturbance, which may negatively affect the productivity as well as the variability of organisms (e.g., small herbivores) at the next trophic level. It is still unknown how gut microbiota of small herbivores respond to such changes in dietary species richness. Our manipulative food experiment revealed that dietary species richness can affect the composition, functions, and community assembly of gut microbiota of Brandt's vole in a nonlinear way. Given the fast-growing interest in therapeutic diets to treat dysbiosis and to improve health conditions, our study highlights the need to consider not just the variety of consumed food but also the principles of rational nutrition.

7.
Amino Acids ; 2021 Nov 27.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34837554

RESUMO

Taurine (Tau) is one of the most abundant amino acids in the brain and regulates physiological functions in the central nervous system, including anti-inflammatory effects. There is growing evidence that microglia-mediated neuro-inflammatory responses are an integral part of Parkinson's disease (PD) onset and progression. Among the many factors regulating the inflammatory response, phosphatidylinositol-3 kinase (PI3K) is susceptible to activation by a variety of cytokines and physicochemical factors, and subsequently recruits signaling proteins containing the pleckstrin homology structural domain to further regulate protein kinase B (AKT) expression involved in the regulation of the intracellular immune response and inflammatory response. Therefore, we established a PD mouse model using paraquat (PQ) intraperitoneal injection staining to explore the mechanism of Tau action on PI3K/AKT signaling pathway. Our study showed that PD mice with Tau intervention recovered motor and non-motor functions to some extent, and the number of dopaminergic (DAc) neurons in the substantia nigra and the level of dopamine (DA) secretion in the striatum were also significantly increased compared with the PQ-dyed group, and the protein content of PI3K and PDK-1 and the phosphorylation level of AKT were reduced in parallel with the reduction in the expression of microglia and related inflammatory factors. In conclusion, our results suggest that Tau may regulate microglia-mediated inflammatory responses through inhibition of the PI3K/AKT pathway in the midbrain of PD mice, thereby reducing DAc neurons damage.

8.
Phys Chem Chem Phys ; 2021 Nov 24.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34817485

RESUMO

Four different reaction pathways are initially located for the reaction of Cl atom plus water trimer Cl + (H2O)3 → HCl + (H2O)2OH using a standard DFT method. As found for the analogous fluorine reaction, the geometrical and energetic results for the four chlorine pathways are closely related. However, the energetics for the Cl reaction are very different from those for fluorine. In the present paper, we investigate the lowest-energy chlorine pathway using the "gold standard" CCSD(T) method in conjunction with correlation-consistent basis sets up to cc-pVQZ. Structurally, the stationary points for the water trimer reaction Cl + (H2O)3 may be compared to those for the water monomer reaction Cl + H2O and water dimer reaction Cl + (H2O)2. Based on the CCSD(T) energies, the title reaction is endothermic by 19.3 kcal mol-1, with a classical barrier height of 16.7 kcal mol-1 between the reactants and the exit complex. There is no barrier for the reverse reaction. The Cl⋯(H2O)3 entrance complex lies 5.3 kcal mol-1 below the separated reactants. The HCl⋯(H2O)2OH exit complex is bound by 8.6 kcal mol-1 relative to the separated products. The Cl + (H2O)3 reaction is somewhat similar to the analogous Cl + (H2O)2 reaction, but qualitatively different from the Cl + H2O reaction. It is reasonable to expect that the reactions between the chlorine atom and larger water clusters may be similar to the Cl + (H2O)3 reaction. The potential energy profile for the Cl + (H2O)3 reaction is radically different from that for the valence isoelectronic F + (H2O)3 system, which may be related to the different bond energies between HCl and HF.

9.
BMC Musculoskelet Disord ; 22(1): 991, 2021 Nov 26.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34836534

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: The purpose is based on anatomical basis, combined with three-dimensional measurement, to guide the clinical repositioning of proximal humeral fractures, select the appropriate pin entry point and angle, and simulate surgery. METHODS: 11 fresh cadaveric specimens were collected, the distance of the marked points around the shoulder joint was measured anatomically, and the vertical distance between the inferior border of the acromion and the superior border of the axillary nerve, the vertical distance between the apex of the humeral head and the superior border of the axillary nerve, the vertical distance between the inferior border of the acromion and the superior border of the anterior rotator humeral artery, and the vertical distance between the apex of the humeral head and the superior border of the anterior rotator humeral artery were marked on the 3D model based on the anatomical data to find the relative safety zone for pin placement. RESULTS: Contralateral data can be used to guide the repositioning and fixation of that side of the proximal humerus fracture, and uniform data cannot be used between male and female patients. For lateral pining, the distance of the inferior border of the acromion from the axillary nerve (5.90 ± 0.43) cm, range (5.3-6.9) cm, was selected for pining along the medial axis of the humeral head, close to the medial cervical cortex, and the pining angle was measured in the coronal plane (42.84 ± 2.45)°, range (37.02° ~ 46.31°), and in the sagittal plane (28.24 ± 2.25)°, range (19.22° ~ 28.51°). The pin was advanced laterally in front of the same level of the lateral approach point to form a cross-fixed support with the lateral pin, and the pin angle was measured in the coronal plane (36.14 ± 1.75)°, range (30.32° ~ 39.61°), and in the sagittal plane (28.64 ± 1.37)°, range (22.82° ~ 32.11°). Two pins were taken at the greater humeral tuberosity for fixation, with the proximal pin at an angle (159.26 ± 1.98) to the coronal surface of the humeral stem, range (155.79° ~ 165.08°), and the sagittal angle (161.76 ± 2.15)°, with the pin end between the superior surface of the humeral talus and the inferior surface of the humeral talus. The distal needle of the greater humeral tuberosity was parallel to the proximal approach trajectory, and the needle end was on the inferior surface of the humeral talus. CONCLUSION: Based on the anatomical data, we can accurately identify the corresponding bony structures of the proximal humerus and mark the location of the pin on the 3D model for pin placement, which is simple and practical to meet the relevant individual parameters.

10.
Front Microbiol ; 12: 721441, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34616383

RESUMO

Sugarcane cropping systems receive elevated application of nitrogen (N) fertilizer for higher production, which may affect production costs and cause environmental pollution. Therefore, it is critical to elucidate the response of soil microbial to N fertilizer inputs in sugarcane soil. A field experiment was carried out to investigate the effects of optimum (N375, 375 kg N/ha) and excessive (N563, 563 kg N/ha) amounts of N fertilizer on soil bacterial diversity and community structure in a sugarcane cropping system by MiSeq high-throughput sequencing; 50,007 operational taxonomic units (OTUs) were obtained by sequencing the 16S rRNA gene amplicons. Results showed that the most abundant phyla in the sugarcane rhizosphere soil were Proteobacteria, Actinobacteria, Acidobacteria, and Planctomycetes, whose ensemble mean accounted for 74.29%. Different amounts of N application indeed change the bacterial diversity and community structures. Excessive application of N fertilizers significantly decreased the pH and increased the available N in soils and unexpectedly obtained a lower yield. Excessive N resulted in a relatively lower bacterial species richness and significantly increased the relative abundance of phyla Proteobacteria, Acidobacteria, and Bacteroidetes and the genera Sphingomonas and Gemmatimonas, while optimum N treatment significantly increased the phylum Actinobacteria and the genera Bacillus and Nitrospira (P < 0.05). N application shifted the N cycle in nitrification, mainly on the Nitrospira, but showed no significant effect on the genera related to nitrogen fixation, methane oxidation, sulfate reduction, and sulfur oxidation (P > 0.05). Overall, the optimum amount of N application might be conducive to beneficial microorganisms, such as Actinobacteria, Nitrospira, and Bacillus and, thus, result in a healthier ecosystem and higher sustainable crop production.

12.
Genome ; 2021 Oct 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34648727

RESUMO

This study evaluated genotyping by sequencing (GBS) protocol for fingerprinting Brassica rapa and the data derived were more reliable than the re-sequencing data of B. rapa. Of the 10 enzyme solutions used to analyze the numbers of genotypes and single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) in B. rapa, five solutions showed better results, namely: A (HaeIII, 450-500 bp), E (RsaI+HaeIII, 500-550 bp), F (RsaI+HaeIII, 500-600 bp), G (RsaI+HaeIII, 'All' fragment), and J (RsaI+EcoRV-HF®, 'All' fragment). The five enzyme solutions showed less than 40% similarity in different individuals from various samples, and 90% similarity in between two individuals from one sample. The E enzyme solution was most suitable for fingerprinting B. rapa revealing well-distributed SNPs in the whole genome. Of the 82 highly inbred lines and 18 F1 lines of B. rapa sequenced by GBS in E enzyme solution, known parents of 10 F1 lines were verified and male parents were discovered for 8 F1 lines that had only known female parents. This study provided a valuable method for screening parents for F1 lines in B. rapa for applied breeding through efficient evaluation of GBS with varied library construction strategies.

13.
J Hazard Mater ; 424(Pt A): 127311, 2021 Sep 25.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34600390

RESUMO

Heavy metal emissions from non-ferrous smelting plants have been a rising concern. However, their emission characteristics were still unclear. In this study, the concentrations and gas-particle partition of five major heavy metals (Cu, Pb, As, Cr and Cd) in the flue gas from a typical copper smelting plant were measured. The bi-modal distribution of both particulate matter and heavy metals indicated that the particles in super-micron mode was caused by the mechanical crushing and escaping of raw materials, whereas the formation of submicron mode was due to the evaporation and subsequent condensation of volatile substances. The excellent performance of existing air pollution control devices in the studied smelter could substantially reduce the particulate matter and heavy metal concentrations in the extraction and smelting stages by 99.2%-99.9%. The emission factors of PM2.5, Cu, Pb, As, Cr, and Cd were only 283, 2.49, 0.97, 5.92, 0.28, and 0.06 g/t, mostly as the fugitive emission (84.2% on average). In addition, the 'unfilterable' phase of the heavy metals, including the gaseous species and solutes in the filter-penetrated droplet, accounted for averagely 45.8% of the total emissions at the outlet, which indicates the huge underestimation by particle collection only.

14.
Yi Chuan ; 43(9): 816-821, 2021 Sep 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34702695

RESUMO

In interphase eukaryotic nuclei, chromatin is folded to form a higher-order topological structure. The spatial organization of such chromatin domain has an important impact on the regulation of gene expression. As a key architectural structural protein, CTCF (CCCTC-binding factor) plays an important role in the formation of chromatin three-dimensional chromatin structure. CTCF can also bind to many insulator elements in the genome and insulate enhancers from activating target genes via modulating remote chromatin interactions. A recent study by Dr. Chunliang Li and his team at St. Jude Children's Research Hospital in the United States showed that when CTCF was acutely degraded, significant changes were found in the three-dimensional structure of chromatin. The mechanism by which CTCF binding sites function as insulator elements was investigated by Prof. Qiang Wu's team at Institute of Systems Biomedicine and Shanghai Jiao Tong University in China and Prof. Bing Ren's team at Ludwig Institute for Cancer Research in the United States. Here we mainly review and discuss some of these latest progresses.


Assuntos
Genoma , Elementos Isolantes , Sítios de Ligação , Fator de Ligação a CCCTC/genética , Fator de Ligação a CCCTC/metabolismo , Criança , China , Cromatina/genética , Expressão Gênica , Regulação da Expressão Gênica , Humanos , Elementos Isolantes/genética
15.
Front Cardiovasc Med ; 8: 724942, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34660726

RESUMO

Background: Atrial fibrillation (AF) and coagulation disorder, two common complications of sepsis, are associated with the mortality. However, the relationship between early coagulation disorder and AF in sepsis remains elusive. This study aimed to evaluate the interaction between AF and early coagulation disorder on mortality. Methods: In this retrospective study, all data were extracted from the Medical Information Mart for Intensive Care III (MIMIC-III) database. Septic patients with coagulation tests during the first 24 h after admission to intensive care units (ICUs) meeting study criteria were included in the analysis. Early coagulation disorder is defined by abnormalities in platelet count (PLT), international normalized ratio (INR) and activated partial thromboplastin time (APTT) within the first 24 h after admission, whose score was defined with reference to sepsis-induced coagulopathy (SIC) and coagulopathy. Patients meeting study criteria were divided into AF and non-AF groups. Results: In total, 7,528 septic patients were enrolled, including 1,243 (16.51%) with AF and 5,112 (67.91%) with early coagulation disorder. Compared with patients in the non-AF group, patients in the AF group had higher levels of INR and APTT (P < 0.001). Multivariable logistic regression analyses showed that stroke, early coagulation disorder, age, gender, congestive heart failure (CHF), chronic pulmonary disease, renal failure, and chronic liver disease were independent risk factors for AF. In addition, AF was related to in-hospital mortality and 90-day mortality. In the subgroup analysis stratified by the scores of early coagulation disorder, AF was associated with an increased risk of 90-day mortality when the scores of early coagulation disorder were 1 or 2 and 3 or 4. Conclusion: In sepsis, coagulation disorder within the first 24 h after admission to the ICUs is an independent risk factor for AF. The effect of AF on 90-day mortality varies with the severity of early coagulation disorder.

16.
Front Zool ; 18(1): 56, 2021 Oct 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34717666

RESUMO

Density-dependent change in aggressive behavior contributes to the population regulation of many small rodents, but the underlying neurological mechanisms have not been examined in field conditions. We hypothesized that crowding stress and aggression-associated oxytocin (OT) and arginine vasopressin (AVP) in specific regions of the brain may be closely related to aggressive behaviors and population changes of small rodents. We analyzed the association of OT and AVP expression, aggressive behavior, and population density of Brandt's voles in 24 large semi-natural enclosures (0.48 ha each) in Inner Mongolia grassland. We tested the effects of population density on the OT/AVP system and aggressive behavior by experimentally manipulating populations of Brandt's voles in the grassland enclosures. High density was positively and significantly associated with more aggressive behavior, and increased expression of mRNA and protein of AVP and its receptor, but decreased expression of mRNA and protein of OT and its receptor in specific brain regions of the voles. Our study suggests that changes in OT/AVP expression are likely a result of the increased psychosocial stress that these voles experience during overcrowding, and thus the OT/AVP system can be used as indicators of density-dependent stressors in Brandt's voles.

17.
Nucleic Acids Res ; 2021 Oct 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34664666

RESUMO

DNA methylation is known to be the most stable epigenetic modification and has been extensively studied in relation to cell differentiation, development, X chromosome inactivation and disease. Allele-specific DNA methylation (ASM) is a well-established mechanism for genomic imprinting and regulates imprinted gene expression. Previous studies have confirmed that certain special regions with ASM are susceptible and closely related to human carcinogenesis and plant development. In addition, recent studies have proven ASM to be an effective tumour marker. However, research on the functions of ASM in diseases and development is still extremely scarce. Here, we collected 4400 BS-Seq datasets and 1598 corresponding RNA-Seq datasets from 47 species, including human and mouse, to establish a comprehensive ASM database. We obtained the data on DNA methylation level, ASM and allele-specific expressed genes (ASEGs) and further analysed the ASM/ASEG distribution patterns of these species. In-depth ASM distribution analysis and differential methylation analysis conducted in nine cancer types showed results consistent with the reported changes in ASM in key tumour genes and revealed several potential ASM tumour-related genes. Finally, integrating these results, we constructed the first well-resourced and comprehensive ASM database for 47 species (ASMdb, www.dna-asmdb.com).

18.
Environ Sci Technol ; 55(20): 13687-13696, 2021 10 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34618434

RESUMO

Coal preparation is effective in controlling primary mercury emissions in coal combustion systems; however, the combustion of coal preparation byproducts may cause secondary emissions. The inconsistent coal preparation statistics, unclear mercury distribution characteristics during coal preparation, and limited information regarding the byproduct utilization pathways lead to great uncertainty in the evaluation of the effect of coal preparation in China. This study elucidated the mercury distribution in coal preparation based on the activity levels of 2886 coal preparation plants, coal mercury content database, tested mercury distribution factors of typical plants, and then traced the mercury flows and emissions in the downstream sectors using a cross-industry mercury flow model. We found that coal preparation altered the mercury flows by reducing 68 tonnes of mercury to sectors such as coking and increasing the flows to byproduct utilization sectors. Combusting cleaned coal rather than raw coal reduced the mercury emissions by 47 tonnes; however, this was offset by secondary mercury emissions. Coal gangue spontaneous combustion and the cement kiln coprocessing process were dominant secondary emitters. Our results highlight the necessity of whole-process emission control of atmospheric mercury based on flow maps. Future comprehensive utilization of wastes in China should fully evaluate the potential secondary mercury emissions.


Assuntos
Poluentes Atmosféricos , Mercúrio , Poluentes Atmosféricos/análise , China , Carvão Mineral/análise , Indústrias , Mercúrio/análise , Fenômenos Físicos , Centrais Elétricas
19.
Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A ; 118(42)2021 Oct 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34649988

RESUMO

Climate change-induced shifts in species phenology differ widely across trophic levels, which may lead to consumer-resource mismatches with cascading population and ecosystem consequences. Here, we examined the effects of different rainfall patterns (i.e., timing and amount) on the phenological asynchrony of population of a generalist herbivore and their food sources in semiarid steppe grassland in Inner Mongolia. We conducted a 10-y (2010 to 2019) rainfall manipulation experiment in 12 0.48-ha field enclosures and found that moderate rainfall increases during the early rather than late growing season advanced the timing of peak reproduction and drove marked increases in population size through increasing the biomass of preferred plant species. By contrast, greatly increased rainfall produced no further increases in vole population growth due to the potential negative effect of the flooding of burrows. The increases in vole population size were more coupled with increased reproduction of overwintered voles and increased body mass of young-of-year than with better survival. Our results provide experimental evidence for the fitness consequences of phenological mismatches at the population level and highlight the importance of rainfall timing on the population dynamics of small herbivores in the steppe grassland environment.

20.
BMC Bioinformatics ; 22(1): 489, 2021 Oct 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34629071

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Data visualization, especially the genome track plots, is crucial for genomics researchers to discover patterns in large-scale sequencing dataset. Although existing tools works well for producing a normal view of the input data, they are not convenient when users want to create customized data representations. Such gap between the visualization and data processing, prevents the users to uncover more hidden structure of the dataset. RESULTS: We developed CoolBox-an open-source toolkit for visual analysis of genomics data. This user-friendly toolkit is highly compatible with the Python ecosystem and customizable with a well-designed user interface. It can be used in various visualization situations like a Swiss army knife. For example, to produce high-quality genome track plots or fetch commonly used genomic data files with a Python script or command line, to explore genomic data interactively within Jupyter environment or web browser. Moreover, owing to the highly extensible Application Programming Interface design, users can customize their own tracks without difficulty, which greatly facilitate analytical, comparative genomic data visualization tasks. CONCLUSIONS: CoolBox allows users to produce high-quality visualization plots and explore their data in a flexible, programmable and user-friendly way.


Assuntos
Ecossistema , Genômica , Genoma , Software , Navegador
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