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1.
Zhonghua Yi Xue Za Zhi ; 100(14): 1072-1076, 2020 Apr 14.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32294869

RESUMO

Objective: To analyze the clinical pathological characteristics and incidence of thyroid cancer. Methods: The clinical and pathological data of 21 980 thyroid cancer patients who underwent surgery in the Department of Thyroid Surgery of the First Affiliated Hospital of Zhengzhou University from January 2012 to December 2018, including the gender, age, pathological type, tumor size, tumor number, central and lateral lymph node metastasis, was retrospectively analyzed. Results: There were 16 895 females and 5 085 males (gender ratio: 3.3 to 1), aged 4 to 95 (47.6±11.8) years old. Except for 2012, the average onset age of females was higher than that of males, and both genders showed a trend of early onset over time (females: Z=-2.703, P=0.007; males: Z=-3.004, P=0.003). The proportion of female aged 25 to 39 and male aged 20 to 39 was increasing, but the proportion of both genders aged over 60 was decreasing (all P<0.05). With the increase of tumor length and diameter, the positive rate of central lymph nodes metastasis (Z=-2.205, P=0.027) and lateral lymph node metastasis (Z=-2.205, P=0.027) gradually increased. Conclusions: The onset age of thyroid cancer exhibited a much younger trend, with an increasing proportion of women aged 25-39 and men aged 20-39. Therefore, it should be suggested to strengthen the screening of people in the corresponding age range. The newly diagnosed thyroid cancer was mainly thyroid micropapillary carcinoma, with a high proportion of lymph node metastasis and multiple foci, and thus the optimal treatment methods need to be carefully considered.


Assuntos
Patologia Clínica , Neoplasias da Glândula Tireoide , Adolescente , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Carcinoma Papilar , Criança , Pré-Escolar , Feminino , Humanos , Incidência , Linfonodos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Estudos Retrospectivos , Tireoidectomia , Adulto Jovem
2.
Eur Rev Med Pharmacol Sci ; 24(6): 3190-3203, 2020 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32271437

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: Glioma is a malignant brain cancer capable of spreading to the microenvironment. Long non-coding RNA (lncRNA) X inactive specific transcript (XIST) was recognized as a significant regulator in many cancers. However, the molecular mechanism of XIST in glioma cell radio-sensitivity requires further exploration. PATIENTS AND METHODS: The expression of XIST, microRNA (miR)-329-3p and cyclic AMP response element-binding protein 1 (CREB1) was evaluated by quantitative Real-time polymerase chain reaction (qRT-PCR). Cell viability and apoptosis were examined by 3-(4,5-dimethyl-2-thiazolyl)-2,5-diphenyl-2-H-tetrazolium bromide (MTT) and flow cytometry, respectively. Transwell assay was performed to detect cell invasion. Protein expression of gamma-H2AX (γ-H2AX) and CREB1 was determined by Western blot. The correlation between miR-329-3p and XIST or CREB1 was determined by dual-luciferase reporter assay. Animal models were established by subcutaneously injecting U251 cells transfected with sh-XIST and sh-NC. RESULTS: XIST and CREB1 were overexpressed whereas miR-329-3p was low-expressed in glioma tumors and cells compared with the normal counterparts. XIST knockdown inhibited cell proliferation, invasion and induced cell apoptosis by enhancing cell sensitivity to X-ray radiation in glioma. Then, we discovered that miR-329-3p directly interacted with XIST or CREB1 in glioma. In addition, miR-329-3p inhibitor abolished XIST silencing-induced regulatory effects on cell proliferation, apoptosis, invasion, and radio-sensitivity. Meanwhile, miR-329-3p inhibitor counteracted CREB1 silencing-induced inhibition on cell progression and facilitation on radio-sensitivity in glioma. Moreover, we found that XIST could increase CREB1 expression by sponging miR-329-3p. Animal experiments revealed that XIST silencing restrained tumor growth in vivo. CONCLUSIONS: XIST accelerates cell proliferation, invasion and inhibits cell apoptosis by repressing radio-sensitivity of glioma via enhancing CREB1 expression through sponging miR-329-3p, representing prospective methods for glioma treatment.

4.
Eur Rev Med Pharmacol Sci ; 24(2): 655-663, 2020 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32016966

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to clarify the role of TCF19 in influencing the malignant progression of colorectal cancer (CRC) by negatively regulating WWC1. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Relative expression levels of TCF19 and WWC1 in CRC tissues and cells were detected by quantitative Real-Time Polymerase Chain Reaction (qRT-PCR). The prognosis of CRC patients was assessed by the Kaplan-Meier method. Meanwhile, the correlation between TCF19 and pathological indexes of CRC patients was evaluated. Regulatory effects of TCF19/WWC1 on viability, colony formation ability, and migration in HT29 and HCT-8 cells were evaluated. Finally, rescue experiments were conducted to elucidate a negative feedback loop of TCF19/WWC1 in influencing the progression of CRC. RESULTS: TCF19 was significantly up-regulated in CRC, while WWC1 was down-regulated. High-level TCF19 or low-level WWC1 indicated worse survival of CRC patients. Besides, TCF19 expression level was positively correlated with the occurrence of distant metastasis in CRC. Silence of TCF19 significantly attenuated proliferative and migratory capacities of HT29 cells. However, overexpression of TCF19 yielded the opposite trends in HCT-8 cells. WWC1 expression was negatively regulated by TCF19 in CRC tissues. In addition, knockdown of WWC1 abolished the regulatory effect of TCF19 on CRC cells. CONCLUSIONS: TCF19 is closely correlated with the occurrence of distant metastasis and poor prognosis of CRC. Furthermore, it aggravates the malignant progression of CRC via negatively regulating WWC1.

6.
Animal ; 14(3): 491-498, 2020 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31588892

RESUMO

Grape seed procyanidins (GSPs), widely known for their beneficial health properties, fail to bring about the expected improvement in piglets' growth performance. The effects of dietary supplementation with GSPs on nutrient utilisation may be a critical influencing factor. Hence, the purpose of this study was to investigate the effects of dietary supplementation with GSPs on nutrient utilisation and gut function in weaned piglets. One hundred and twenty crossbred piglets were allocated randomly to four treatment groups, with three replicate pens per treatment and 10 piglets per pen. Each group was given one of the four dietary treatments: the basal diet (control group) or the basal diet with the addition of 50-, 100- or 150-mg/kg GSPs. The trial lasted 28 days. Faeces were collected from d 12 to 14 and from d 26 to 28 for measuring the coefficient of total tract apparent digestibility (CTTAD) of the nutrients. Blood samples were collected on d 14 and 28 for detecting the blood biochemical parameters. Two piglets per pen were slaughtered to collect the pancreas and intestinal digesta for evaluating the digestive enzyme activity and the coefficient of ileal apparent digestibility (CIAD) of the nutrients. On d 14 and 28, supplementation with 150-mg/kg GSPs significantly decreased the CTTAD of DM and CP in piglets. On d 14, GSPs supplementation at a concentration of 150 mg/kg led to a remarkable decrease in the CIAD of CP and gross energy (GE). On d 28, GSPs supplementation at a dose of 150 mg/kg generated a marked decline in the CIAD of DM, GE, CP and ether extract. Grape seed procyanidins supplementation at concentrations of 100 or 150 mg/kg inhibited the activities of lipase and amylase. In contrast, the jejunum mucosa maltase and sucrase activities increased due to the inclusion of GSPs at a concentration of 100 mg/kg in the piglet diet. Compared with the levels of the control group, the serum glucose and total protein levels were enhanced significantly by supplementation with GSPs at 100 mg/kg and reduced dramatically at 150 mg/kg. The serum diamine oxidase activity and endotoxin levels were decreased by GSPs supplementation in piglet diets. In conclusion, higher concentrations of GSPs in weaned piglet diets attenuated nutrient digestion and inhibited digestive enzyme activity; however, suitable concentrations of GSPs could promote brush-border enzyme activity, enhance serum glucose and total protein concentrations and decrease epithelial permeability.

7.
Zhonghua Nei Ke Za Zhi ; 58(11): 796-802, 2019 Nov 01.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31665853

RESUMO

Objective: To evaluate the efficacy and prognostic factors in core binding factor (CBF) acute myeloid leukemia (AML) under current therapy modalities, therefore optimizing the treatment strategies. Methods: Standard cytological and immune methods including next generation sequencing (NGS) were used for risk stratification. Complete remission (CR) rate, disease-free survival (DFS) and overall survival (OS) were assessed by multivariate Logistic and Cox regression models in a total of 206 adults (aged 16-65 years) with CBF-AML, including 152 AML patients with t(8;21) and 54 with inv(16). Results: The CR rate of inv(16) patients after first course was 54/54(100%), significantly higher than that of t(8;21) patients [127/147(86.4%), P=0.005]. The fusion transcript level and KIT mutation were independent factors related to CR rate in t(8;21) patients (P=0.044 and 0.027; respectively). DFS and OS in inv(16) patients tended to be more superior than that in t(8;21) patients (P=0.066 for DFS; P=0.306 for OS; respectively). Multivariate Cox identified negative expression of CD(19) and female gender the independent predictors of inferior DFS in t(8;21) patients (P=0.000 for CD(19); P=0.006 for sex; respectively). Analysis of combining CD(19) with gender indicated that females/CD(1)(9-)subpopulation had significantly poor DFS than did males/CD(19)(+) ones (Bonferroni-P<0.000 01). The number of mutations in each patient, FLT3-ITD and additional karyotype abnormalities did not affect CR rate and DFS (all P>0.05). Conclusions: Patients with inv(16) have better induction response than those with t(8;21). High level of fusion transcripts and positive KIT mutation are associated with low CR rate in t(8;21) patients. Negative CD(19) expression and female gender are independent predictors of inferior DFS in t(8;21) patients.


Assuntos
Fatores de Ligação ao Core , Leucemia Mieloide Aguda/genética , Leucemia Mieloide Aguda/terapia , Indução de Remissão , Adolescente , Adulto , Idoso , China/epidemiologia , Fatores de Ligação ao Core/genética , Intervalo Livre de Doença , Feminino , Humanos , Leucemia Mieloide Aguda/mortalidade , Leucemia Mieloide Aguda/patologia , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Prognóstico , Adulto Jovem
8.
Zhonghua Yan Ke Za Zhi ; 55(11): 834-841, 2019 Nov 11.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31715680

RESUMO

Objective: To summarize the clinical and pathological characteristics of IgG4-related ophthalmic disease (IgG4-ROD) involving the lacrimal gland. Methods: A retrospective case series study. Forty cases (56 eyes) of lacrimal gland lesions were collected in Tianjin Eye Hospital from January 2003 to January 2018 and confirmed by histopathology as lymphocyte and plasma cell infiltration with fibrosis of lacrimal gland tissue, excluding lymphoma, epithelial tumor, mesenchymal tumor and metastasis tumor. The clinical manifestations, serological and imaging examination of the patients were analyzed. Meanwhile, HE staining and immunohistochemical staining of IgG and IgG4 were performed on the pathological specimens. According to the diagnostic criteria, the cases were divided into the IgG4-ROD group and the non-IgG4-ROD group. The clinical and pathological characteristics of the two groups were statistically analyzed by Pearson chi-square and signed-rank test. Results: In the 40 cases (56 eyes), there were 15 cases (25 eyes) of IgG4-ROD and 25 cases (31 eyes) of non-IgG4-ROD. Statistically significant differences were observed between the two groups in the clinical and pathological characteristics (all P<0.05). About the distribution of eyes position, there were 10 binocular cases and 5 monocular cases in the IgG4-ROD group, and 6 binocular cases and 19 monocular cases in non-IgG4-ROD group (χ2=7.111).There were 21 eyes in the IgG4-ROD group and 5 eyes in the non-IgG4-ROD group about ptosis (χ2=25.631), 4 eyes in the IgG4-ROD group and 21 eyes in the non-IgG4-ROD group about ocular protrusion (χ2=14.992), 23 eyes in the IgG4-ROD group and 15 eyes in the non-IgG4-ROD group about the clear boundary of the tumor (χ2=12.069), 4 eyes in the IgG4-ROD group and 18 eyes in the non-IgG4-ROD group about the involvement of other orbital tissues (χ2=10.266) and 7 cases in the IgG4-ROD group and 3 cases in the non-IgG4-ROD group about the association with other systemic diseases (χ2=6.009). Compared with the non-IgG4-ROD group, the IgG4-ROD group had a heavier lymphocyte and plasma cell infiltration (+++,++,+; 10, 4, 1 vs. 6, 5, 12 eyes, Z=-3.153), and more lymphoid follicles (+++,++,+; 3, 6, 4 vs. 1, 2, 7 eyes, Z=-3.339), interstitial fibrosis was mostly striate (10 vs. 5 eyes, χ2=8.711), and there were a large number of IgG4+ plasma cells [96 (67, 135) vs. 4 (0, 12) cells per high power field, Z=-5.271] and ratio of IgG4+ plasma cells/IgG+ plasma cells [0.570 (0.500, 0.754) vs. 0.046 (0.000, 0.143), Z=-5.268, all P<0.05). Among the 10 cases of IgG4-ROD with serological examination, 9 cases showed elevated serum in IgG and IgG4. The ultrasonography and CT findings showed the lacrimal gland lesions in the IgG4-ROD group were mostly spindle or kidney shaped with clear boundaries, while the lesions in non-IgG4-ROD were mostly round or irregular with unclear boundaries. Conclusions: The lacrimal gland lesions of IgG4-ROD are characterized by bilaterally spindle or kidney shaped enlargement with clear boundaries. They are more associates with other systemic diseases. The pathological characteristics are a large number of IgG4+ plasma cells infiltration among the lacrimal gland tissue, interstitial striate fibrosis and a large number of lymphoid follicles. (Chin J Ophthalmol, 2019, 55: 834-841).


Assuntos
Doença Relacionada a Imunoglobulina G4/fisiopatologia , Doenças do Aparelho Lacrimal/fisiopatologia , Humanos , Aparelho Lacrimal/fisiopatologia , Plasmócitos/patologia , Estudos Retrospectivos
10.
Zhonghua Yan Ke Za Zhi ; 54(9): 661-664, 2018 Sep 11.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30220180

RESUMO

Objective: To summarize the clinical pathologic characteristics of conjunctival osseous choristoma. Methods: Retrospective case series study. Six cases of conjunctival osseous choristoma between January 2009 and June 2016 from Tianjin Eye Hosptial were reviewed retrospectively. The clinical features, CT characteristics and histological characteristics were analyzed. Results: The 6 cases includes 3 male patients and 3 females. The age of the patients ranged from 4 to 20 years. Three cases involved with the right eye and the other 3 involved with the left eye. Major clinical feature of the patient is the flat uplift tumor in the superior temporal quadrant of the conjunctiva. CT features of conjunctival osseous choristoma revealed a oval calcium spot of eyeball surface. All the patients received surgery. Pathological examination showed that the tumor is composed of bone tissue which was surrounded by fibrous tissue, and Haversian canals are present in compact bone tissue. Five patients were followed for 23 months to 8 years. None of the patients relapsed after operation. Conclusions: The major feature of conjuncital osseous choristoma is a tumor in the superior temporal quadrant of conjunctiva. Imaging examination reveals a oval calcium spot of eyeball surface. Pathological examination reveals that the osseous tumor is composed of compact bone tissue which was surrounded by fibrous tissue.Haversian canals are present in compact bone tissue.Diagnosis is dependent on histopathological examination. It is not prone to relapse after complete resection surgery. (Chin J Ophthalmol, 2018, 54: 661-664).


Assuntos
Coristoma , Neoplasias da Túnica Conjuntiva , Adolescente , Osso e Ossos/patologia , Criança , Pré-Escolar , Coristoma/diagnóstico , Coristoma/patologia , Neoplasias da Túnica Conjuntiva/diagnóstico , Neoplasias da Túnica Conjuntiva/patologia , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Recidiva , Estudos Retrospectivos , Adulto Jovem
11.
Res Vet Sci ; 120: 11-16, 2018 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30165245

RESUMO

Thiram, a carbamate pesticide, is known to induce tibial dyschondroplasia (TD) in broiler chickens. This study used a thiram-induced TD model to explore whether apoptosis-related genes were expressed in erythrocytes of broiler chickens and the impacts of thiram-induced TD and the recombinant GSTA3 protein in regulating these genes expression. In this study, mRNA and protein expression of six types of apoptosis-related genes (Bcl-2, Bax, Murine double minute MDM2, Bcl-2-associated athanogene BAG-1, BAG-3, STAT3) were identified in erythrocytes of broiler chickens by real-time PCR and immunohistochemistry, and we also found that thiram-induced TD induced the decreased expression of these antiapoptotic genes in the initial stage of TD and promoted their expression in TD recovery, which suggested that the expression of these apoptosis-related genes in erythrocytes is highly related to the development of TD. Further, the recombinant GSTA3 protein promoted the expression of all apoptosis-related genes in the initial stage of TD and recovered the normal expression of these genes in the recovery stage of TD, which indicated that the recombinant GSTA3 protein may participate in the recovery of TD. Further studies are needed to elucidate the mechanism of the response of erythrocytes to thiram-induced TD and the recombinant protein GSTA3 in broiler chickens.


Assuntos
Apoptose/fisiologia , Glutationa Transferase/farmacologia , Osteocondrodisplasias/veterinária , Doenças das Aves Domésticas/genética , Tiram/toxicidade , Animais , Apoptose/genética , Galinhas/genética , Eritrócitos/metabolismo , Expressão Gênica/efeitos dos fármacos , Regulação da Expressão Gênica , Predisposição Genética para Doença , Glutationa/metabolismo , Osteocondrodisplasias/genética , Doenças das Aves Domésticas/metabolismo , RNA Mensageiro/genética , Proteínas Recombinantes/farmacologia , Transferases
12.
Zhonghua Gan Zang Bing Za Zhi ; 26(4): 282-287, 2018 Apr 20.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29996340

RESUMO

Objective: To investigate the optimal duration of pegylated-alpha interferon (Peg-INFα) combined with ribavirin (RBV) in treating chronic hepatitis C infection in human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)-infected patients. Methods: A multicenter prospective study was conducted. The study subjects were divided into two groups; HIV/HCV co-infections (Group A, n = 158) and control with HCV-monoinfections (Group B, n = 60). All recruited patients received standard Peg-INFα plus RBV therapy. Group A was divided into 3 subgroups according to CD4(+) cell counts: A1 subgroup, 79 cases, CD4(+) counts > 350 cells /µl, who received anti-HCV before combination antiretroviral therapy(cART); A2 subgroup, 45 cases, CD4(+) counts between 200 and 350 cells/µl, who did not start anti-HCV until they could tolerate cART well; A3 subgroup, 34 cases, CD4(+) counts < 200 cells /µl, cART was administered first, and anti-HCV therapy was started when CD4(+) counts > 200 cells/µl. The anti-HCV efficacy of two groups and 3 subgroups were compared. Statistical analysis for normal distribution and homogeneity of variance data was calculated by t-test and the counting data was analyzed by χ (2) test. The Mann-Whitney U test was used for non-normal data. A one-way analysis of variance (ANOVA) was used for the comparison of multiple groups, followed by SNK method. Multiple independent samples were used for non-parametric tests. Results: There was no significant difference in age and baseline HCV RNA levels between groups and subgroups (P > 0.05). By an intent-to-treat (ITT) analysis, in Group A, the ratio of complete early virological response (cEVR) rate was 75.3% (119/158), the ratio of end of treatment virological response (eTVR) rate was 68.4% (108/158), and the ratio of sustained virological response (SVR) rate was 48.7% (77/158); in Group B, the ratio of cEVR rate was 93.3% (56/60), the ratio of eTVR rate was 90.0% (54/60), and the ratio of SVR rate was 71.7% (43/60); The therapeutic index of Group A were lower than those of Group B (P≤0.05). By per-protocol (PP) analysis, the ratio of cEVR rate in Group A [75.2% (88/112)] was still lower than that in Group B [93.3% (56/60)], but no significant differences were found in the ratio of eTVR rate and SVR rate between 2 groups (P > 0.05). Comparing the efficacy of subgroups (A1, A2 and A3) by ITT analysis, the ratios of cEVR rate were respectively 78.5% (62/79), 75.6% (34/45) and 67.6% (23/34); the ratios of eTVR rate were respectively 68.4%(54/79), 80.0%(36/45)and 52.9%(18/34); and the ratios of SVR rate were respectively 41.8%(33/79), 64.4%(29/45)and 44.1%(15/34). The ratio of eTVR in subgroup A2 was obviously higher than that in subgroup A3 and the ratio of SVR in subgroup A2 was statistically higher than that of subgroup A1(P≤0.05). However, by PP analysis, no significant differences of the therapeutic indexes were found among the respective subgroups (P > 0.05). Conclusion: HIV-HCV co-infected patients would have better anti-HCV efficacy with Peg-INFα-2a plus RBV than HCV- monoinfected patients. The best time for initiating anti-HCV therapy in HIV-HCV co-infected patients is when CD4(+) counts 200 cells/ µl.


Assuntos
Antivirais/uso terapêutico , Coinfecção/tratamento farmacológico , Infecções por HIV/tratamento farmacológico , Hepacivirus/efeitos dos fármacos , Hepatite C Crônica/tratamento farmacológico , Interferon-alfa/uso terapêutico , Ribavirina/uso terapêutico , Antivirais/administração & dosagem , Quimioterapia Combinada , Infecções por HIV/complicações , Humanos , Interferon-alfa/administração & dosagem , Estudos Prospectivos , Proteínas Recombinantes/uso terapêutico , Ribavirina/administração & dosagem , Resultado do Tratamento
13.
Zhonghua Yan Ke Za Zhi ; 54(7): 509-514, 2018 Jul 11.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29996612

RESUMO

Objective: To explore and summarize the clinical manifestation, iconographic characterizations, principles of diagnosis and treatment of orbital neurilemomas. Methods: Retrospective case series study. A total of 112 patients diagnosed with orbital neurilemomas and received surgery at Tianjin Eye Hospital from January 2002 to December 2016 were included. The clinical symptoms, eye signs, imageological examination, diagnosis treatment and prognosis of the patients were analyzed. SPSS 21.0 software was used to describe age and follow-up time. Results: In the 112 cases, 48 cases were male, 64 cases were female. At the time of diagnosis, the age of patients ranged from 13 to 73 years. The mean age at diagnosis was (40±4) years. B ultrasound scan was applied in all 112 cases, results revealed round, elliptical, beaded, and irregular shaped lesion in orbit with clear boundary, which was characterized with poor echo, strong sonolucency, and mild compressibility. CT scan was also applied in all 112 cases. The lesions were elliptical, lobulated, S-shaped, or peanut shaped, primarily characterized with evenly high density and a few with the low density fluidized region. MRI was applied in 54 cases. T(1) weighted image (T(1)WI) showed medium signal in all lesions. T(2) weighted image (T(2)WI) showed high, mixed and medium signal. Surgical approaches included lateral orbitotomy in 75 cases, and anterior orbitotmy in 37 cases. Average follow-up time was (64.3±4.1) months. Surgical complications included vison loss (in 3 cases), postoperation ptosis (in 16 cases), and disturbance of eyeballs movement (in 9 cases), while 6 cases involved with recurrence. Conclusions: Orbital schwannoma is mostly characterized with benign solid orbital lesions. Orbital CT examination results of orbital schwannoma are mainly characterized with ellipsoid or beaded mass along the anterior posterior axis of orbit, while a few of tumors showed low density liquefaction areas. T(1)WI shows medium signal in most lesions, and T(2)WI shows mixed signal in most lessions. Histopathologic examination is the basis for confirmation of diagnosis. The recurrence rate is lower after the complete resection of the tumor. Postoperative radiotherapy could be used for controlling the recurrence. (Chin J Ophthalmol, 2018, 54: 509-514).


Assuntos
Neurilemoma , Neoplasias Orbitárias , Adolescente , Adulto , Idoso , Feminino , Humanos , Imagem por Ressonância Magnética , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Recidiva Local de Neoplasia , Neurilemoma/diagnóstico por imagem , Neurilemoma/cirurgia , Órbita , Neoplasias Orbitárias/diagnóstico por imagem , Neoplasias Orbitárias/cirurgia , Estudos Retrospectivos , Tomografia Computadorizada por Raios X , Adulto Jovem
14.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29921069

RESUMO

Objective:To determine the correlation between the expression of IL-33 and significance in cancer biologial and patient's prognosis in head and neck squamous cell carcinoma (HNSCC). Method:Twenty pairs of tumor tissue and adjacent normal tissue were collected. qRT-PCR and immunohistochemistry (IHC) were used to detect the expression of IL-33 mRNA and protein in tissues. Correlation between IL-33 expression with clinicopathologic features of 107 HNSCC patients were analyzed. Result:IL-33 mRNA and protein expression levels in normal tissue were higher than paired tumor tissue. IL-33 level was significantly lower in patients with advanced T stages, lymph node metastases and advanced clinical stages, IL-33 expression was higher in well differentiated tumor than moderate or poor differentiated tumor. Low IL-33 expression predicts poor prognosis. Multivariate analysis indicated that IL-33 expression was an independent predictive factor. Conclusion:IL-33 is related with the clinicopathological features in HNSCC and could be an independent predictor of HNSCC prognosis.


Assuntos
Biomarcadores Tumorais/metabolismo , Carcinoma de Células Escamosas/diagnóstico , Neoplasias de Cabeça e Pescoço/diagnóstico , Interleucina-33/metabolismo , Carcinoma de Células Escamosas/metabolismo , Neoplasias de Cabeça e Pescoço/metabolismo , Humanos , Prognóstico
15.
J Endocrinol Invest ; 41(2): 179-184, 2018 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28643298

RESUMO

AIM: To determine the clinical non-inferiority of recombinant glargine-Basalin vs glargine-Lantus, in treatment of type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) using continuous glucose monitoring system (CGMS). METHODS: One hundred patients with T2DM were recruited. They were either regularly taking Basalin (Basalin group) or Lantus (Lantus group) (n = 50 each). CGMS was employed to real-time monitor blood glucose profile for 4 days (from day 1 to day 5). To exclude the effect of patient background, the study design was to have a blinded crossover from glargine-Basalin to glargine-Lantus on day 3, and vice versa. 24-hour mean blood glucose (24hMBG), 24-hour standard deviation of blood glucose (24hSDBG), 24-hour mean amplitude of glycemic excursion (24hMAGE), and number of glycemic excursion (NGE) every 24 h (24hNGE) were calculated for each glargine from 100 patients. RESULTS: No significant difference of 24hMBG, 24hSDBG, 24hMAGE, and 24hNGE (p > 0.05 for all) was found between Basalin and Lantus treatments. The glucose area under the curve and time when blood glucose was below 3.9 mmol/L, between 3.9 and 10.0 mmol/L, or above 10.0 mmol/L were similar between Basalin and Lantus treatment. The frequency of hypoglycemic episodes was also similar. However, the mean cost of Basalin was only 72% of Lantus's in one treatment course. CONCLUSION: Glargine-Basalin is non-inferior in clinical efficacy compared to glargine-Lantus. In view of the large difference in the cost of glargine-Basalin, it would be much more cost-effective for our patients.


Assuntos
Compostos de Anilina/uso terapêutico , Diabetes Mellitus Tipo 2/tratamento farmacológico , Diabetes Mellitus Tipo 2/economia , Hipoglicemiantes/uso terapêutico , Insulina Glargina/uso terapêutico , Monitorização Fisiológica , Adolescente , Adulto , Compostos de Anilina/economia , Estudos Cross-Over , Feminino , Humanos , Insulina Glargina/economia , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Resultado do Tratamento , Adulto Jovem
17.
Zhonghua Er Ke Za Zhi ; 55(10): 766-770, 2017 Oct 02.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29050115

RESUMO

Objective: To observe the immunoreaction of offspring mice by ovalbumin (OVA) re-exposure after their mothers exposed to OVA during pregnancy. Method: A prospective controlled study was conducted to observe mice after repeated OVA exposures at 6-8 weeks.Their mothers were exposed to OVA during different stages of pregnancy.The symptoms were recorded and scored.The levels of OVA-specific IgE in serum, interferon-γ(IFN-γ) and interleukin-4(IL-4) in supernatant of spleen primary lymphocytes in vitro were measured by ELISA.The results were analyzed by single factor analysis of variance or rank sum test. Result: All the mice in each group had acute diarrhea.The diarrhea happened earliest (2 days) and most severe in the late pregnancy group (early pregnancy group 7.0±1.0; middle pregnancy group: 7.1±1.1; late pregnancy group: 9.9±2.2, P<0.01). The levels of absorbance of OVA-specific IgE in the pregnancy groups were higher than those of the control group.The absorbance of OVA-specific IgE in late pregnancy group was the highest (control: 0.27±0.06; early pregnancy group: 0.51±0.13; middle pregnancy group: 0.50±0.09; late pregnancy group: 0.63±0.13, P<0.01). There was no significant change in IFN-γ expression in cultured supernatant of spleen lymphocytes in each group (control: (133±7) pg/ml; early pregnancy group: (133±4) pg/ml; middle pregnancy group: (134±6) pg/ml; late pregnancy group: (132±4) pg/ml, all P value >0.05). The expression of IL-4 in the experimental groups was higher than that in the control group, especially in late pregnancy group(control: (25.3±2.4) pg/ml; early pregnancy group: (32.4±4.4) pg/ml; middle pregnancy group: (35.0±5.4) pg/ml; late pregnancy group: (47.1±5.8) pg/ml; P value all<0.01). Conclusion: The allergic reaction of the OVA re-exposure progeny whose mothers were exposed to OVA in the late pregnancy period was most severe, suggesting that late pregnancy period might be the high risk stage of intrauterine sensitization, or"window period".


Assuntos
Modelos Animais de Doenças , Hipersensibilidade , Ovalbumina , Animais , Feminino , Imunoglobulina E , Interferon gama , Interleucina-4 , Camundongos , Gravidez , Estudos Prospectivos
18.
Zhonghua Er Ke Za Zhi ; 55(9): 672-677, 2017 Sep 02.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28881513

RESUMO

Objective: To study the tolerance to ovalbumin (OVA) in suckling mice whose mothers had different doses of docosahexenoic acid (DHA) microalgae oil (DMO) supplementation during pregnancy and lactation. Method: According to different doses of DMO fed to mother mice during pregnancy and lactation, 66 suckling mice were divided into four groups. Suckling mice whose mothers were fed with 0.7% DMO were designated as low dose group (group L) (n=16), 2.1% DMO as middle dose group (group M) (n=16), 3.5% DMO as high dose group (group H) (n=17) and no DMO as control group (n=17). Before exposing to OVA, 8 suckling mice were killed in each group at 21-day-old. Remaining suckling mice were killed at 59-day-old after repeated OVA exposure. The serum polyunsaturated fatty acid (PUFA) levels of suckling mice were analyzed by high performance liquid chromatography (HPLC) at the age of 21- and 59-day.Histological examinations of jejunum were performed by HE staining and the mast cells in jejunum were observed by toluidine blue staining. OVA-IgE in serum, total IgA and OVA-IgA in the feces and IL-4 and IFN-γ in the supernatants of splenic mononuclear cells (SMC) were measured by ELISA. Real time PCR was performed to identify the gene expression of IL-10, TGF-ß1 mRNA in SMC. Differences among groups were compared by one-way AVOVA and that between each group were compared by LSD. Result: In group M and H, the serum levels of n-3DHA (108±29)µg/ml; (102±34)µg/ml vs.(40±19)µg/ml (F=12.052, P=0.000)and n-3 eicosapentaenoic acid (6.7±2.3)µg/ml; (7.7±2.0)µg/ml vs. (3.9±1.1)µg/ml(F=9.573, P=0.000) were significantly higher than that in control group at the age of 21-day. The serum levels of n-3DHA were higher in group H (17.1±2.9)µg/ml than that in control group (5.9±3.3) µg/ml after repeated OVA exposure at the age of 59-day (F=10.339, P<0.000). Compared with control group (53±12) pg/ml, the levels of IL-4 in SMC in group H (42±9)pg/ml were lower (F=2.484, P<0.05). Conclusion: The serum levels of DHA in baby mice, whose mothers was fed with DMO during pregnancy and lactation, were significantly increased till adulthood. However, the effect on tolerance to OVA was limited.


Assuntos
Ácidos Docosa-Hexaenoicos , Microalgas , Ovalbumina , Animais , Ácidos Docosa-Hexaenoicos/administração & dosagem , Ácidos Graxos Insaturados/sangue , Feminino , Lactação , Camundongos , Camundongos Endogâmicos BALB C , Ovalbumina/metabolismo , Gravidez
19.
Rev Sci Instrum ; 88(5): 055111, 2017 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28571398

RESUMO

By expanding the contactless conductivity detection (CCD) technique to contactless impedance detection technique, a new contactless impedance sensor is designed to implement the online measurement for both the conductivity of a conductive fluid and the permittivity of a non-conductive fluid. In the new contactless impedance sensor, a new simulated inductor is developed to overcome the unfavorable influences of the coupling capacitances by impedance elimination principle, and the digital phase-sensitive demodulation (DPSD) technique is adopted to realize the impedance measurement. To verify the effectiveness of the new contactless impedance sensor, simulation experiments (using different resistors, capacitors, and their combinations) and practical fluid experiments (using KCl solutions with different concentrations, eight organic solvents, and pure water) are carried out. The experimental results show that the development of the new contactless impedance sensor is successful and the conductivity/permittivity measurement performance of the new sensor is satisfactory. The maximum relative error of conductivity measurement is 3.1% and the maximum relative error of permittivity measurement is 5.5%. Compared with the conventional conductivity/permittivity sensors, the new sensor can implement the contactless online measurement of both the two electrical parameters of fluid. Meanwhile, the new contactless impedance sensor is suitable for industrial applications and has the advantages of simple construction and low cost.

20.
Exp Clin Endocrinol Diabetes ; 125(3): 151-155, 2017 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27750353

RESUMO

Aim: Patients with cardiac diseases, especially ischemic heart disease, are known to have a high prevalence of diabetes mellitus (DM). They are at risk of having inadequate glucose control. An intensive diabetes screening and treatment program was developed to identify and treat DM in patients admitted with cardiac diseases. Methods: Adult inpatients of 2 cardiac wards, namely Ward-A and Ward-B, at Nanjing Hospital, Nanjing, China, were studied. Patients were randomly assigned into either ward. In addition to routine examination and treatment, an intensive screening and treatment program to identify and treat patients with DM or impaired glucose regulation (IGR) was only applied in Ward-A patients. The glycated serum protein concentration, the length of hospitalization, and medical and total hospital cost were compared between the 2 wards. Results: The prevalence of DM was 17.85% in Ward-B. With implementation of this program, DM was higher in Ward-A (29.7%) and the prevalence of IRG was 7.8%. The overall prevalence of abnormal glucose metabolism was 37.5% in Ward-A. This program is associated with significantly reduced medical cost and length of inhospital days in patients requiring percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) and reduced both the medical and total hospital costs in patients without PCI of Ward-A as compared with those of Ward-B who received standard treatment. Conclusion: The intensive screening and treatment program increases diagnosis rate of DM and IRG in inpatient with cardiac diseases, more effectively controls hyperglycemia, and is associated with shorter length of inhospital days and lower medical and total hospital costs. The trial registry number: ChiCTR-IPR-15007487.


Assuntos
Diabetes Mellitus , Cardiopatias , Intervenção Coronária Percutânea/economia , Adulto , China , Custos e Análise de Custo , Diabetes Mellitus/diagnóstico , Diabetes Mellitus/economia , Diabetes Mellitus/cirurgia , Feminino , Cardiopatias/diagnóstico , Cardiopatias/economia , Cardiopatias/cirurgia , Humanos , Masculino , Programas de Rastreamento
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