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1.
Zhonghua Fu Chan Ke Za Zhi ; 55(4): 246-252, 2020 Apr 25.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32375431

RESUMO

Objective: To explore the correlation between prenatal clinical data with etiological diagnosis and neonatal outcome in isolated fetal ascites. Methods: Totally, 36 pregnancy cases diagnosed as isolated fetal ascites by ultrasound in Provincial Hospital Affiliated to Shandong University from June 22nd, 2016 to September 28th, 2018 were collected. Invasive prenatal diagnosis was performed by taking fetal cord blood, amniotic fluid, and fetal ascites respectively for cytogenetics, molecular genetics and biochemical examination and the impact of intrauterine therapeutic procedures on neonatal outcomes was evaluated as well. The correlation among prenatal examination, pathogeny and prognosis was analyzed by Fisher's exact test. Results: (1) The prognosis of isolated fetal ascites initially presenting ≥28 weeks was better than that before 28 weeks, survival rate of 1-year-old were 13/15 and 9/17,respectively, the difference was statistically significant (P<0.05). (2) The etiologic diagnosis rate of ascites before delivery was 31%(11/36), which increased to 53%(19/36) totally after birth. Characteristics of cases which were defined prenatally were as follows: 8 cases of digestive tract diseases showed ultrasonic abnormalities, including echogenic bowel, bowel dilatation and polyhydramnios; platelet level in umbilical cord blood of fetuses infected with cytomegalovirus were below 100 × 10(9)/L in 2 cases; 1 case of urinary system malformation showed megalocystis and hydronephrosis. Cases which were defined causes after birth included: 3 fetuses with chyloperitonium presented persistent fetal ascites; 3 cases of digestive-related causes were rectal duplication with infection, mesentery stenosis, and intestinal atresia; other causes included Pierre-Robin syndrome and Budd-Chiari syndrome. (3) The live birth rate was 72% (26/36) and survival rate of 1-year-old was 61% (22/36). And 9/10 of infants who underwent surgeries got good outcomes. Fetal ascites due to abdominal or pelvic factors turned well in 13/16 of cases. Conclusions: The pregnancy outcome of fetal isolated ascites depends mainly on primary causes. Gastrointestinal abnormality is one of the most common causes. Excluded intrauterine infection, chromosomal abnormality and abnormal systemic ultrasonic findings, fetus with reduced ascites as the pregnancy progresses will get good outcome.

2.
Zhonghua Gan Zang Bing Za Zhi ; 28(3): 240-246, 2020 Mar 20.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32306657

RESUMO

Objective: To investigate the clinical features and outcome of treatment for novel coronavirus pneumonia. Methods: Literature on novel coronavirus pneumonia was retrieved from PubMed and EMBASE databases. The relevant data was extracted and a meta-analysis was performed using StatsDirect statistical software V.2.8.0 to calculate the combined odds ratio. Results: Seven studies were included, consisting of 1594 cases. The meta-analysis result showed that the most common clinical symptoms of the novel coronavirus pneumonia were fever (91.6%) and cough (64.5%), followed by dyspnea (32.8%) and sputum (28.1%). Headache (10.5%), sore throat (11.2%), hemoptysis (3.2%), diarrhea (6.6%) and the other symptoms were relatively rare. Aspartate aminotransferase (29%), alanine transaminase (22.7%), and total bilirubin (11.7%) levels were elevated, except for serum albumin levels (80.4%). The common therapeutic agents used were antibiotics (87.7%), antiviral drugs (75.5%), and glucocorticoids (26.6%), while antifungal agents (7.7%) were used in few. Mechanical ventilation (13.4%), extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (1.9%), and continuous renal replacement therapy (3.8%) were used in severe cases. The rate of mortality in hospital was 7.7%, respectively. Heterogeneity between studies was significant; however, subgroup and sensitivity analysis had failed to identify clear sources of heterogeneity. Conclusion: Fever, cough and liver dysfunction are the main clinical manifestations of this disease and the mortality rate is low.

3.
J Dairy Sci ; 2020 Apr 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32307167

RESUMO

Neonatal diarrhea in dairy calves causes huge economic and productivity losses in the dairy industry. Zinc is an effective anti-diarrheal agent, but high doses may pose a threat to the environment. Therefore, we aimed to evaluate the effects of low-dose zinc supplementation on the growth, incidence of diarrhea, immune function, and rectal microbiota of newborn Holstein dairy calves. Thirty newborn calves were allocated to either a control group (without extra zinc supplementation), or groups supplemented with either 104 mg of zinc oxide (ZnO, equivalent to 80 mg of zinc/d) or 457 mg of zinc methionine (Zn-Met, equivalent to 80 mg of zinc/d) and studied them for 14 d. The rectal contents were sampled on d 1, 3, 7, and 14, and blood samples were collected at the end of the study. Supplementation with ZnO reduced the incidence of diarrhea during the first 3 d of life, and increased serum IgG and IgM concentrations. The Zn-Met supplementation increased growth performance and reduced the incidence of diarrhea during the first 14 d after birth. The results of fecal microbiota analysis showed that Firmicutes and Proteobacteria were the predominant phyla, and Escherichia and Bacteroides were the dominant genera in the recta of the calves. As the calves grew older, rectal microbial diversity and composition significantly evolved. In addition, dietary supplementation with ZnO reduced the relative abundance of Proteobacteria in 1-d-old calves, and increased that of Bacteroidetes, Lactobacillus, and Fecalibacterium in 7-d-old calves, compared with the control group. Supplementation with Zn-Met increased the relative abundance of the phylum Actinobacteria and the genera Fecalibacterium and Collinsella on d 7, and that of the genus Ruminococcus after 2 wk, compared with the control group. Thus, the rectal microbial composition was not affected by zinc supplementation but significantly evolved during the calves' early life. Zinc supplementation reduced the incidence of diarrhea in young calves. In view of their differing effects, we recommend ZnO supplementation for dairy calves during their first 3 d of life and Zn-Met supplementation for the subsequent period. These findings suggest that zinc supplementation may be an alternative to antibacterial agents for the treatment of newborn calf diarrhea.

4.
Zhonghua Zhong Liu Za Zhi ; 42(2): 127-132, 2020 Feb 23.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32135647

RESUMO

Objective: To deliver macro understanding of the latest research progress on clinical trials and approved products of cancer drugs in China in 2019. Methods: The number of clinical trials and related investigational products by domestic and foreign enterprises in 2019 were acquired in the China Food and Drug Administration Registration and Information Disclosure Platform for Drug Clinical Studies, while listed drugs were obtained in the China Food and Drug Administration Query System for Domestic and Imported Drug. Characteristics on stage, scope, indication of those trials, classification and mechanism of involved products, as well as listed anticancer drugs were summarized and depicted. Results: There were 474 cancer drug trials registered in China in 2019, accounting for 21.8% of the total, and 397 (83.8%) were initiated by domestic pharmaceutical enterprises. Overall, international multicenter trials accounted for 13.1%, and phase I trials accounted for 47.3%. Compared with global enterprises, the proportion of international multi-center trials initiated by domestic companies is lower (4.8% vs. 55.8%, P<0.001), and the proportion of phase I clinical trials and bioequivalence trials is higher (51.9% vs. 23.4%, 19.4% vs. 1.3%, P<0.001). An accumulative of 27 cancer types were involved for all the cancer drug trials, and lung cancer, solid tumor, and breast cancer were the most common cancer types, with 103, 95 and 49 trials, respectively. For the three cancer types unique to Chinese population, gastric, liver and esophageal cancer, the total number of initiated trials was 47. For all those trials, there were 335 cancer drug varieties, with 86.0% developed by domestic pharmaceutical enterprises, including 300 therapeutic drugs, 30 adjunctive drugs and 5 preventive drugs. In terms of mechanism, targeted drugs and immune drugs were the most popular, accounting for 74.6% and 20.3%, respectively. In addition, 17 anticancer drugs targeting on 11 cancer types were approved in China in 2019. Conclusions: Clinical trials on cancer drugs in China have ushered a booming era, with large number of innovative agents represented by targeted drugs and immune drugs under clinical development or putting into clinical practice. Those local enterprises are playing more and more critical roles. Strengthening clinical research and development on Chinese unique cancer types is the key direction of future work.


Assuntos
Antineoplásicos/uso terapêutico , Neoplasias Pulmonares/tratamento farmacológico , China , Ensaios Clínicos como Assunto , Humanos , Estados Unidos
5.
Eur Rev Med Pharmacol Sci ; 24(2): 721-727, 2020 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32016974

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To explore the effects of micro ribonucleic acid (miR)-188 on proliferation and apoptosis of lung adenocarcinoma (LUAD) cells, and its potential mechanism. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The expression level of miR-188 in LUAD cell lines was detected via quantitative Real Time-Polymerase Chain Reaction (PCR). The effects of miR-188 overexpression on proliferation and apoptosis of A549 cells were detected using methyl thiazolyl tetrazolium (MTT) assay, colony formation assay, and flow cytometry. The potential targets for miR-188 were predicted using the TargetScan Human database, and the interaction between miR-188 and target gene was determined through Dual-Luciferase reporter assay. Moreover, the associations of miR-188 and sine oculis homeobox homolog 1 (SIX1) with the extracellular signal-regulated kinase (ERK) pathway were detected via Western blotting. RESULTS: The expression of miR-188 significantly declined in LUAD cell lines (p<0.05). The overexpression of miR-188 significantly reduced the proliferation rate of A549 cells and increased the percentage of apoptotic A549 cells (p<0.05). Similarly, it was found in colony formation assay that the overexpression of miR-188 inhibited the colony formation ability of A549 cells most significantly (p<0.05). SIX1 was a direct target for miR-188, and its mRNA and protein expressions were downregulated by the overexpression of miR-188. The remarkable downregulation of phosphorylated ERK was observed in A549 cells overexpressing miR-188, while the decline in phosphorylated ERK was reversed in A549 cells overexpressing miR-188 and SIX1. CONCLUSIONS: The expression of miR-188 is downregulated in LUAD cell lines. The overexpression of miR-188 inhibits proliferation and promotes apoptosis of LUAD cells, whose functional mechanism may be related to its regulation on the ERK signaling pathway by targeting SIX1.

6.
Zhonghua Shao Shang Za Zhi ; 36(1): 37-41, 2020 Jan 20.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32023716

RESUMO

Objective: To retrospectively analyze the diagnosis time, pathogen distribution, and drug resistance of fungal bloodstream infection in severe burn patients. Methods: Blood samples were collected from 55 severe burn patients with fungal bloodstream infection (including 46 males and 9 females, aged 42 (1, 78) years) admitted to the intensive care unit of the Institute of Burn Research of the First Affiliated Hospital of Army Medical University (the Third Military Medical University) from July 2011 to May 2019 for retrospective analysis. Microbial monitoring system was used to cultivate pathogens, API yeast identification kit and Candida chromogenic medium were used to identify pathogens, and Kirby-Bauer paper disk diffusion method was used to detect drug resistance of fungi to fluconazole, amphotericin B, itraconazole, ketoconazole, and voriconazole. The positive rate of blood fungal culture, mortality rate, distribution of local fungal proliferation sites, the diagnosis time distribution of fungal bloodstream infection, the distribution of fungal species, resistance to commonly-used antifungal drugs, and the use of antibiotics were assessed. The WHONET 5.6 software was applied to analyze the distribution and drug resistance of fungi. Results: (1) Totally 4 839 blood samples were collected during the 9 years, and 122 strains of fungi were isolated, with positive rate of 2.52%. The mortality rate was 14.55% (8 patients) in 55 patients. Catheter fungal proliferation ranked the first among 30 cases of local fungal proliferation. (2) The diagnosis time of fungal bloodstream infection mainly distributed in ≤1 week of hospitalization [32.73% (18/55)]. (3) Among the 55 strains of fungi detected, the detection rate of Candida parapsilosis ranked the first (21.82%, 12 strains), Candida glabrata was the second (18.18%, 10 strains), and Candida tropicalis was tied with Candida albicans in the third place (14.55%, 8 strains). All the detected fungi were sensitive to amphotericin B, and the resistance rates to voriconazole, fluconazole, itraconazole, and ketoconazole were between 4.5% and 9.1%. (4) Droad-spectrum antibiotics were used in all the 55 patients, ≥3 kinds of antibiotics were used in 44 patients, and 37 patients used antibacterial drugs ≥7 days. Conclusions: The diagnosis time of fungal bloodstream infection in the 55 severe burn patients was mainly within 1 week of hospitalization. Candida parapsilosis is the most commonly detected fungal species. Catheter fungal proliferation occurs most commonly among the 30 patients with local fungal proliferation. All the detected fungi were sensitive to amphotericin B, with low drug resistance to voriconazole, fluconazole, itraconazole, and ketoconazole. Broad-spectrum antibiotics were overused in the severe burn patients with fungal bloodstream infection.


Assuntos
Bacteriemia , Queimaduras , Adolescente , Adulto , Idoso , Antifúngicos , Criança , Pré-Escolar , Feminino , Fungos , Humanos , Lactente , Masculino , Testes de Sensibilidade Microbiana , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Estudos Retrospectivos , Adulto Jovem
7.
Zhonghua Xin Xue Guan Bing Za Zhi ; 48(1): 66-71, 2020 Jan 24.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32008298

RESUMO

Objective: To investigate the impact of change of ideal cardiovascular behavior and related factors on healthy vascular aging(HVA). Methods: This study was a multi-center cross-sectional survey. Six thousand three hundred and sixteen participants who underwent at least 2 healthy examinations from 2006 to 2015 at 11 hospitals, including Kailuan Hospital and so on, and examined brachial-ankle pulse wave velocity (baPWV) during 2010 and 2016, with available information about cardiovascular behavior and factors were included. The cardiovascular health score (CHS) was calculated. Basic CHS was collected from the first examination. The second CHS derived from the healthy examination in the same year of baPWV examination. Change of cardiovascular health score (ΔCHS) was calculated. Participants were defined into 5 groups according to ΔCHS, namely ΔCHS≤-2 (n=2 166), ΔCHS=-1 (n=1 284), ΔCHS=0 (n=1 187), ΔCHS=1 (n=860), and ΔCHS≥2 (n=819). Participants' characteristics, value of baPWV and proportion of HVA were compared among different groups. Multiple logistic regression analysis was used to investigate the association between ΔCHS and HVA. The ΔCHS was recalculated and included in multiple logistic regression analysis model again after each component of the cardiovascular health metrics was removed separately in order to investigate effects of removal factors on HVA by observing changes in effect values. Results: The percentage of the participants with HVA in the group of ΔCHS≤-2, ΔCHS=-1, ΔCHS=0, ΔCHS=1 and ΔCHS≥2 were 23.3%(505/2 166), 27.8%(357/1 284), 28.7%(341/1 187),31.9%(274/860) and 33.9%(278/819), respectively. After adjustment for age, sex, income, education, alcohol consumption and the basic CHS, a significant positive association between ΔCHS and proportion of participants with HVA was observed (OR=1.50, 95%CI 1.44-1.56). Multiple regression analysis after removing each single cardiovascular behavior or factor showed that the OR value decreased as follow systolic blood pressure (OR=1.04, 95%CI 1.00-1.09), fasting blood glucose (OR=1.14, 95%CI 1.09-1.18), physical exercise (OR=1.16, 95%CI 1.11-1.21), salt intake (OR=1.17, 95%CI 1.12-1.22), body mass index (OR=1.18, 95%CI 1.13-1.23), smoking(OR=1.18, 95%CI 1.13-1.23) and total cholesterol (OR=1.20, 95%CI 1.16-1.24). Conclusion: The improvement of every ideal cardiovascular behavior and factor is associated with the increase of the proportion of HVA population.


Assuntos
Envelhecimento , Doenças Cardiovasculares , Análise de Onda de Pulso , Índice Tornozelo-Braço , Pressão Sanguínea , Índice de Massa Corporal , Fenômenos Fisiológicos Cardiovasculares , Estudos Transversais , Humanos , Fatores de Risco
8.
Zhonghua Nei Ke Za Zhi ; 59(2): 117-123, 2020 Feb 01.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32074684

RESUMO

Objective: To evaluate the efficacy and safety of Oryz-Aspergillus enzyme and pancreatin tablets (Combizym(®)) in the treatment of postprandial distress syndrome (PDS) in the elderly, compared with gastrointestinal motility drugs. Methods: A prospective randomized controlled trial was designed and registered in the China Clinical Trials Registry (ChiCTR-IPR-16008185). The elderly patients with PDS were randomly divided into three groups, including Mosapride group with Mosapride citrate tablets 5 mg 3 times per day for 2 weeks; Combizym(®) group with Combizym tablets 244 mg 3 times per day for 2 weeks; combined treatment group with both drugs and same doses for 2 weeks. The modified Nepean dyspepsia index (NDSI) score, discomfort intensity score and PDS score were calculated on patients before treatment, at the end of first and second week of treatment, as well as 4 weeks after treatment finished, respectively. Adverse effects were evaluated. Results: A total of 323 patients from 16 tertiary hospitals in China were enrolled in this study. Among them, 105 patients were in Mosapride group, 109 in Combizym(®) group and 109 in combined treatment group. There were 148 males (45.8%) and 175 females (54.2%) with median age 71.4±9.0 years (60-100 years). Baseline characteristics of three groups were comparable. After treatment, the NDSI scores in three groups all decreased significantly (P<0.001), while they were similar between groups (P>0.05). The discomfort intensity score and PDS score in three groups showed a significant reduction after treatment (P<0.001), especially in the combined treatment group. Compared with Mosapride group, the scores in Combizym(®) group decreased significantly after one or two weeks [discomfort intensity score: after one week, 4.0(2.5, 8.0) vs. 6.0(3.0, 10.0); after two weeks, 3.0(0.0, 5.0) vs. 4.0(2.0, 6.0); all P<0.05. PDS score: after one week, 6.0(3.0, 9.0) vs. 7.0(3.5, 10.5); after two weeks, 3.0(0.0, 5.0) vs. 4.0(2.0, 7.0); all P<0.05]. The efficacy rate in all patients after first week of treatment was over 15.0%. The efficacy rates after two weeks were 55.2%, 68.8% and 73.4% in Mosapride group, Combizym(®) group and combined treatment group, respectively. After two week treatment, the efficacy rates in Combizym(®) group (P=0.041) and combined group (P=0.006) were higher than that of Mosapride group. The recurrence rate of Mosapride group was 9.5%, which was significantly higher than that of Combizym(®) group (1.8%, P<0.05) and combined treatment group (1.8%, P<0.05). There were no serious adverse effects in the three groups. Conclusions: The efficacy of Oryz-Aspergillus enzyme and pancreatin tablets is comparable with that of Mosapride in elderly PDS patients, with fewer adverse effects and low recurrence rate. Combination regimen indicates better efficacy than that of Oryz-Aspergillus enzyme and pancreatin tablets or Mosapride alone.


Assuntos
Benzamidas/uso terapêutico , Dispepsia/tratamento farmacológico , Fármacos Gastrointestinais/uso terapêutico , Motilidade Gastrointestinal/efeitos dos fármacos , Glicosídeo Hidrolases/uso terapêutico , Morfolinas/uso terapêutico , Pancreatina/uso terapêutico , Peptídeo Hidrolases/uso terapêutico , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Grupo com Ancestrais do Continente Asiático , Benzamidas/efeitos adversos , China , Combinação de Medicamentos , Dispepsia/diagnóstico , Dispepsia/patologia , Feminino , Fármacos Gastrointestinais/efeitos adversos , Glicosídeo Hidrolases/efeitos adversos , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Morfolinas/efeitos adversos , Pancreatina/efeitos adversos , Peptídeo Hidrolases/efeitos adversos , Período Pós-Prandial , Estudos Prospectivos , Resultado do Tratamento
9.
J Endocrinol ; 244(3): 501-510, 2020 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31910155

RESUMO

The prevalence of gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) is estimated at 14% globally, and in some countries, such as Singapore, exceeds 20%. Both women and children exposed to GDM have an increased risk of later metabolic diseases, cardiovascular disease and other health issues. Beyond lifestyle changes and pharmaceutical intervention using existing type 2 diabetes medications for expecting women, there are limited treatment options for women with GDM; targeting better outcomes of potentially affected infants is unexplored. Numerous animal models have been generated for understanding of pathological processes of GDM development and for development of treatment strategies. These models, however, suffer from limited windows of opportunity to examine risk factors and potential intervention options. By combining short-term high-fat diet (HFD) feeding and low-dose streptozotocin (STZ) treatments before pregnancy, we have established a mouse model with marked transient gestation-specific hyperglycemia, which allows testing of nutritional and pharmacological interventions before, during and beyond pregnancy.

10.
Eur Rev Med Pharmacol Sci ; 24(1): 74-85, 2020 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31957820

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: LncRNAs play a key role in the development and progression of prostate cancer. In this study, the effects of the lncRNA BLACAT1 in prostate cancer were investigated. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Real-time PCR was used to detect the expression of BLACAT1 and miR-361 in prostate cancer tissues and adjacent normal tissues (n=25). The function of BLACAT1 was detected through proliferation assay and apoptosis assay. The interaction between BLACAT1 and miR-361 in prostate cancer was studied by luciferase assay, RNA immunoprecipitation assay and chromatin immunoprecipitation analysis were performed to detect the BLACAT1 binding proteins. The xenograft mice experiment was performed to further confirm the functional significance of lncRNA BLACAT1 in vivo. RESULTS: In patient samples and prostate cancer cell lines, BLACAT1 was down-regulated and inversely proportional to DNMT1, HDAC1, EZH2, MDM2 and miR-361 expression. Treatment with 5-azacytidine and chidamide enhanced BLACAT1 expression and decreased the levels of miR-361. The BALCAT1 promoter was methylated in prostate cancer tissue and found to interact with miR-361 via luciferase assays. BLACAT1 bound to EZH2, DNMT1 and HDAC1. ChIP-seq analysis revealed that HDAC1 interacts with STAT3, while EZH2 interacts with the mitogen-activated protein kinase (MAPK) promoter. CONCLUSIONS: Two regulatory axes of BLACAT1-EZH2-MAPK and BLACAT1-HDAC1-STAT3 were identified to be associated with the progression of prostate cancer. Both chidamide and 5-azacytidine represent promising therapeutic options in prostate cancer treatment.

11.
Br J Dermatol ; 182(3): 754-762, 2020 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31017653

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Pioneering effort has been made to facilitate the recognition of pathology in malignancies based on whole-slide images (WSIs) through deep learning approaches. It remains unclear whether we can accurately detect and locate basal cell carcinoma (BCC) using smartphone-captured images. OBJECTIVES: To develop deep neural network frameworks for accurate BCC recognition and segmentation based on smartphone-captured microscopic ocular images (MOIs). METHODS: We collected a total of 8046 MOIs, 6610 of which had binary classification labels and the other 1436 had pixelwise annotations. Meanwhile, 128 WSIs were collected for comparison. Two deep learning frameworks were created. The 'cascade' framework had a classification model for identifying hard cases (images with low prediction confidence) and a segmentation model for further in-depth analysis of the hard cases. The 'segmentation' framework directly segmented and classified all images. Sensitivity, specificity and area under the curve (AUC) were used to evaluate the overall performance of BCC recognition. RESULTS: The MOI- and WSI-based models achieved comparable AUCs around 0·95. The 'cascade' framework achieved 0·93 sensitivity and 0·91 specificity. The 'segmentation' framework was more accurate but required more computational resources, achieving 0·97 sensitivity, 0·94 specificity and 0·987 AUC. The runtime of the 'segmentation' framework was 15·3 ± 3·9 s per image, whereas the 'cascade' framework took 4·1 ± 1·4 s. Additionally, the 'segmentation' framework achieved 0·863 mean intersection over union. CONCLUSIONS: Based on the accessible MOIs via smartphone photography, we developed two deep learning frameworks for recognizing BCC pathology with high sensitivity and specificity. This work opens a new avenue for automatic BCC diagnosis in different clinical scenarios. What's already known about this topic? The diagnosis of basal cell carcinoma (BCC) is labour intensive due to the large number of images to be examined, especially when consecutive slide reading is needed in Mohs surgery. Deep learning approaches have demonstrated promising results on pathological image-related diagnostic tasks. Previous studies have focused on whole-slide images (WSIs) and leveraged classification on image patches for detecting and localizing breast cancer metastases. What does this study add? Instead of WSIs, microscopic ocular images (MOIs) photographed from microscope eyepieces using smartphone cameras were used to develop neural network models for recognizing BCC automatically. The MOI- and WSI-based models achieved comparable areas under the curve around 0·95. Two deep learning frameworks for recognizing BCC pathology were developed with high sensitivity and specificity. Recognizing BCC through a smartphone could be considered a future clinical choice.

12.
Zhonghua Fu Chan Ke Za Zhi ; 54(11): 730-735, 2019 Nov 25.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31752454

RESUMO

Objective: To investigate the safety and effectiveness of radiofrequency ablation (RFA) for selective fetal reduction in complex multiple pregnancies and analyze factors affecting perinatal outcomes. Methods: This was a retrospective case series of 156 patients undergoing selective fetal reduction by RFA in Provincial Hospital Affiliated to Shandong University from July 22th, 2011 to September 12th, 2018. They were divided into five groups according to surgical indications, including 46 cases in the monochorionic twins discordant for fetal anomalies group, 42 cases in the multiple pregnancies for reducing fetal numbers group, 40 cases in the twin to twin transfusion syndrome (TTTS) group, 24 cases in the selective intrauterine growth restriction (sIUGR) group and 4 cases in the twin reversed arterial perfusion sequence (TRAPS) group. According to the gestational age at surgery, patients were divided into two groups: the gestational age at surgery <20 weeks group (75 cases) and the gestational age at surgery≥20 weeks group (81 cases). According to the cycles of RFA required for surgery, patients were divided into two groups: one cycle group (124 cases) and ≥2 cycles group (32 cases). Basic information of patients, surgical process, postoperative complications and pregnancy outcomes were recorded. The growth and development of survival newborns were also followed up. Factors affecting perinatal outcomes were analyzed. Results: (1) The median gestational age at procedure of 156 patients was 20 weeks (14(+5)- 29(+1) weeks). The median cycles of RFA was 1 cycle (1-3 cycles), of which one cycle accounted for 79.5% (124/156). (2) Eleven (7.1%, 11/156) patients experienced intrauterine fetal death, 27 (17.3%, 27/156) patients miscarried, and the overall survival rate was 75.6% (118/156). Premature birth rate before 34 weeks was 19.5% (23/118). There were 129 neonates. The median gestational age at delivery was 37(+3) weeks (28(+2)- 41(+1) weeks) with a mean birth weight of (2 657±700) g. (3) Analysis of pregnancy outcomes based on surgical indications found that, the gestational age at delivery [38 weeks (30(+1)-41(+1) weeks), 36(+4) weeks (29- 39 weeks), 36(+4) weeks (28(+2)-39(+5) weeks), 38 weeks (31-39(+6) weeks), 38(+3) weeks (30(+4)-38(+4) weeks)] and neonatal birth weight [(2 820±671), (2 435±416), (2 497±843), (2 998±718), (2 517±1 087) g] were significantly different among fetal anomalies group, reducing fetal numbers group, TTTS group, sIUGR group and TRAPS group, respectively (all P<0.05). There were no significant differences in the pregnancy outcomes between gestational age at surgery <20 weeks group and gestational age at surgery ≥20 weeks group, or between one cycle group and ≥2 cycles group, respectively (all P>0.05). Conclusions: RFA is a safe and effective procedure in treating complex monochorionic multiple pregnancies. Surgical indications would affect the gestational age at delivery and neonatal outcomes.


Assuntos
Ablação por Cateter/métodos , Parto Obstétrico/métodos , Transfusão Feto-Fetal/cirurgia , Redução de Gravidez Multifetal/métodos , Gravidez de Gêmeos , Ablação por Radiofrequência/métodos , Feminino , Idade Gestacional , Humanos , Recém-Nascido , Gravidez , Resultado da Gravidez , Estudos Retrospectivos , Resultado do Tratamento , Gêmeos Monozigóticos
13.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31623052

RESUMO

Objective:To explore the application of percutaneous dilatation tracheotomy for patients with difficult airway. Method:Retrospectively analyzed the clinical data of percutaneous dilatation tracheotomy in difficult airway patients, summarized the difficulties, technical points and advantages. Result:Collecting the clinical data of 28 patients with difficult airway, 20 cases were head and neck tumor recurrence after surgery, radiation and chemotherapy, 3 cases were cervical hematoma, 2 cases were laryngeal neoplasm with heart failure, 2 cases were mandatory spondylitis, and 1 case was airway stenosis. The difficult points for tracheotomy were unable to lie down, neck stiffness, displacement of the trachea, coagulation disorder, unclear neck structure, etc. All patients accepted percutaneous dilatation tracheotomy, including cone and forceps dilatation tracheotomy, with none complication. Conclusion:Percutaneous dilatation tracheotomy was a safe, rapid and minimally invasive surgical method for patients with difficult airway requiring tracheotomy, and could be used as the preferred solution.


Assuntos
Traqueotomia/métodos , Dilatação , Humanos , Recidiva Local de Neoplasia , Traqueia , Traqueostomia
14.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31594118

RESUMO

Objective: To investigate the incidence and rank of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease and pneumoconiosis to the workers in different occupational positions in Jinchang Cohort. Methods: In January 2014, a cohort of follow-up population in jinchang city was taken as the research object, 17843 individuals among follow-up populations in Jinchang Cohort Study, removed the individuals with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease and pneumoconiosis before 2013, and counted the new incidence individuals diagnosed by the A-Class hospital in Grade III in Jinchang City, Gansu Province, as the investigation objects to investigate the incidence rate & rank of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease and pneumoconiosis. The statistical significance was tested by chi-square test. Results: The 2-year incidence rate of Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease and Pneumoconiosis in the population of Jinchang Cohort Study were 11.60‰, 13.51‰ for male and 8.46‰ for female. the ranks of 2-year incidence rates of chronic bronchitis, emphysema, pneumoconiosis and other phenotypes of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease were 7.06‰ã€3.42‰ã€0.84‰ã€0.34‰, respectively. Incidence rate of chronic bronchitis among administrators and executive staffs were 10.45‰; incidence rate of chronic bronchitis among service staffs were 10.45‰; incidence rate of pneumoconiosis among mining staffs were 3.44‰. Conclusion: The first incidence rank of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease and pneumoconiosis in Jinchang cohort is chronic bronchitis, and the risk factors are smoking and occupational exposure.


Assuntos
Ocupações/estatística & dados numéricos , Pneumoconiose/epidemiologia , Doença Pulmonar Obstrutiva Crônica/epidemiologia , Bronquite/epidemiologia , China , Estudos de Coortes , Feminino , Humanos , Incidência , Masculino , Exposição Ocupacional/efeitos adversos , Enfisema Pulmonar/epidemiologia , Fatores de Risco , Fumar/efeitos adversos
16.
Eur Rev Med Pharmacol Sci ; 23(19): 8274-8286, 2019 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31646606

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: Various studies have shown that aberrant expression of circular RNAs (circRNAs) has a pivotal role in multifarious cancers. However, the role of circRNAs in hepatoblastoma (HB) is not clearly understood. In the present study, we attempted to explore the underlying mechanism of hsa_cric_0000594 in HB along with its clinical importance. PATIENTS AND METHODS: In our research, the expression pattern of hsa_circ_0000594 in HB tissues and matched normal liver tissues was determined by in situ hybridization and RT-qPCR. Proliferation, viability, migration, and apoptosis of HB cell lines were detected via Cell Counting Kit-8 (CCK-8), colony formation, transwell, and flow cytometry assays. The interaction of hsa_circ_0000594 with miR-217 was investigated by Dual-Luciferase reporter assay. RESULTS: Expression levels of hsa_circ_0000594 were significantly upregulated in HB tissues compared with those in paired normal liver tissues and showed a clear association with the subtype of HB. The knockdown of hsa_circ_0000594 inhibited the malignant phenotype of HB. Bioinformatics analysis suggests that sirtuin 1 (SIRT1) may serve as a target gene of miR-217. CONCLUSIONS: Mechanically, hsa_circ_0000594 was identified to have a critical role in HB development through the hsa_circ_0000594/mir-217/SIRT1 regulatory axis, which might become a novel diagnostic marker and potential therapeutic target in HB.

17.
Zhonghua Xin Xue Guan Bing Za Zhi ; 47(9): 737-741, 2019 Sep 24.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31550846

RESUMO

Objective: To explore the feasibility and safety of a newly developed simple and rapid axillary vein puncture technique based on the surface landmarks for pacemaker implantation. Methods: From January to November 2018, we enrolled 110 patients who underwent pacemaker implantation in Beijing Anzhen Hospital. Basic clinical characteristics, such as gender, age, major diagnosis, type of pacemaker, and His-purkinje system pacing, were collected. The success rate of this axillary vein puncture technique, complications, and technical parameters of present puncture method were analyzed. Results: There were 58 (52.7%) male patients in this cohort and the average aged was (70.26±10.45) years old. This "blind" axillary vein puncture method was successful in 105 out of 110 patients (95.5%). The relevant puncture-related parameters included: the distance between points "a and b" was (3.89±0.40) cm, the first angle α was (25.84±5.54)° and the second angle ß was (66.18±10.26)°. There were no puncture-related complications, such as hematoma, pneumothorax and hemothorax. Conclusion: The new "blind" axillary vein puncture approach is a simple, effective and safe technique for pacemaker implantation, which is easy to learn and practice and suitable for promotion.


Assuntos
Veia Axilar , Marca-Passo Artificial , Implantação de Prótese , Punções/métodos , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Estudos de Viabilidade , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Flebografia
18.
Zhonghua Wai Ke Za Zhi ; 57(10): 19-24, 2019 Oct 01.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31510728

RESUMO

Objective: To examine the indications and effects of different surgical approaches in laparoscopic debridement for patients with infected pancreatic necrosis(IPN). Methods: The clinical data of 213 IPN patients treated by laparoscopic debridement at Department of General Surgery,Xuanwu Hospital, Capital Medical University from June 2012 to February 2019 were retrospectively analyzed.The therapeutic effects were summarized and analyzed according to different surgical approaches. There were 123 cases in retroperitoneal approach group, including 73 males and 50 females, aging of (51.3±12.4)years; 59 cases in omental sac approach group, including 32 males and 27 females, aging of (48.3±14.2)years; 23 cases in combined approach group, including 13 males and 10 females,aging of(54.3±19.7)years;8 cases in digestive tract approach group, including 5 males and 3 females, aging of(50.2±12.5)years. Results: The time from onset to operation in retro-peritoneal, omental sac, combined and digestive tract approach groups were (44.3±22.8), (47.3±24.3), (52.6±21.2), (51.2±30.1)days, respectively; the operation time was (52.3±26.4), (64.3±29.2), (82.8±24.7), (78.2±38.1) minutes respectively; the median bleeding volume was 18, 33, 42 and 30 ml, respectively; and the first time to eat after operation was (2.5±1.6),(3.8±1.8),(3.7±2.0),(8.4±3.9) days, respectively. The incidence of complications (Clavien-Dindo grade Ⅲ and above)was 10.6%(13/123),10.2% (6/59),17.4%(4/23),1/8 and the mortality was 4.9%(6/123),3.4%(2/59),4.3%(1/23)and 0,respectively.The overall mortality of all patients was 4.2%(9/213).The levels of inflammatory factors were significantly lower in all groups 7 days after operation than before,and no patients was converted to open surgery. Conclusion: Individualized selection of the optimal laparoscopic debridement approach of pancreatic necrosis plays an important role in improving the efficacy and prognosis of IPN patients.


Assuntos
Desbridamento/métodos , Laparoscopia/métodos , Pancreatite Necrosante Aguda/cirurgia , Adulto , Idoso , Drenagem , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Pancreatite Necrosante Aguda/complicações , Pancreatite Necrosante Aguda/mortalidade , Medicina de Precisão , Prognóstico , Estudos Retrospectivos , Fatores de Tempo , Resultado do Tratamento
19.
Eur Rev Med Pharmacol Sci ; 23(3 Suppl): 232-238, 2019 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31389606

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To investigate the expression of the long non-coding RNA CADM1-AS1 (lncRNA CADM1-AS1) in gastric cancer and its clinical significance. PATIENTS AND METHODS: The real time fluorescence quantitative polymerase chain reaction (qRT-PCR) was performed to detect the expression difference of lncRNA CADM1-AS1 between gastric cancer and its adjacent normal tissues. Then, the correlation between the expression of CADM1-AS1 in gastric cancer and the clinicopathological characteristics was analyzed by the Chi-square test. Moreover, the potential of lncRNA CADM1-AS1 in predicting the prognosis of patients with GC after the operation was assessed by the Log-rank test and the Cox's proportional hazards regression model. RESULTS: The expression of lncRNA CADM1-AS1 was significantly decreased in tumor tissues. According to the mean expression of lncRNA CADM1-AS1, the patients were divided into a high expression group and a low expression group, and the expression of lncRNA CADM1-AS1 in gastric cancer was significantly correlated with tumor differentiation, N stage, M stage, and TNM stage. Moreover, the gastric cancer patients with higher expression of lncRNA CADM1-AS1 had a statistically better overall survival (OS) time and progression-free survival (PFS) time. In univariate analyses and multivariate analyses, the expression of lncRNA CADM1-AS1 was an independent prognosis index of patients with gastric cancer. CONCLUSIONS: LncRNA CADM1-AS1 might be a new prognostic biomarker for gastric cancer.

20.
J Dairy Sci ; 102(11): 9586-9597, 2019 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31447140

RESUMO

To investigate the anti-tumor activities of lactoferrin, α-lactalbumin, and ß-lactoglobulin, 4 types of human tumor cells (lung tumor cell A549, intestinal epithelial tumor cell HT29, hepatocellular cell HepG2, and breast cancer cell MDA231-LM2) were exposed to 3 proteins, respectively. The effects on cell proliferation, migration, and apoptosis were detected in vitro, and nude mice bearing tumors were administered the 3 proteins in vivo. Results showed that the 3 proteins (20 g/L) inhibited viability and migration, as well as induced apoptosis, in 4 tumor cells to different degrees (compared with the control). In vivo, tumor weights in the HT29 group (0.84 ± 0.22 g vs. control 2.05 ± 0.49 g) and MDA231-LM2 group (1.11 ± 0.25 g vs. control 2.49 ± 0.57 g) were significantly reduced by lactoferrin; tumor weights in the A549 group (1.07 ± 0.19 g vs. control 3.11 ± 0.73 g) and HepG2 group (2.32 ± 0.46 g vs. control 3.50 ± 0.74 g) were significantly reduced by α-lactalbumin. Moreover, the roles of lactoferrin, α-lactalbumin, and ß-lactoglobulin in regulating apoptotic proteins were validated. In summary, lactoferrin, α-lactalbumin, and ß-lactoglobulin were proven to inhibit growth and development of A549, HT29, HepG2, and MDA231-LM2 tumors to different degrees via induction of cell apoptosis.


Assuntos
Lactalbumina/farmacologia , Lactoferrina/farmacologia , Lactoglobulinas/farmacologia , Animais , Apoptose/efeitos dos fármacos , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Proliferação de Células/efeitos dos fármacos , Ensaios de Seleção de Medicamentos Antitumorais , Células HT29 , Células Hep G2 , Humanos , Camundongos , Camundongos Nus
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