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1.
Zhonghua Shao Shang Za Zhi ; 36(3): 224-233, 2020 Mar 20.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32241049

RESUMO

Objective: To explore the transcriptional regulation mechanism of transforming growth factor ß(1) (TGF-ß(1)) on Meox1 and its effect on cell migration of adult human dermal fibroblasts (HDF-a). Methods: (1) HDF-a cells were cultured in RPMI 1640 complete medium (hereinafter referred to as routinely cultured). The cells were divided into TGF-ß(1) stimulation group and blank control group. The cells in TGF-ß(1) stimulation group were stimulated with 10 µL TGF-ß(1) in the mass concentration of 1 mg/µL, while the cells in blank control group were stimulated with the equal volume of phosphate buffer solution. After 72 hours in culture, partial cells in both groups were collected for transcriptome sequencing. The genes with differential expression ratio greater than or equal to 2 and P<0.01 between the two groups were selected to perform enrichment analysis and analysis of metabolic pathways of the Kyoto Gene and Genome Encyclopedia with, and the expression value of Meox1 per million transcripts (TPM) was recorded (n=3). Partial cells from the two groups were used to detect the Meox1 mRNA expression by real-time fluorescent quantitative reverse transcription polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) (n=3). (2) Cultured HDF-a cells in the logarithmic growth phase (the same growth phase of cells below) were divided into empty plasmid group, Smad2 overexpression (OE) group, Smad3 OE group, and Smad4 OE group, which were transfected respectively with 2 µg empty pcDNA3.1 plasmid and pcDNA3.1 plasmids separately carrying Smad2, Smad3, and Smad4 for 6 hours, and then were routinely cultured for 48 hours. The Meox1 mRNA expression in the transfected cells of each group was detected by real-time fluorescent quantitative RT-PCR (n=3). (3) HDF-a cells were routinely cultured and grouped the same as in experiment (1). After 72 hours in culture, the enrichment of Smad2, Smad3, and Smad4 protein on the Meox1 promoter in the cells of each group was detected by chromatin immunoprecipitation-quantitative PCR (ChIP-qPCR) (n=3). (4) HDF-a cells were routinely cultured and divided into negative interference group, small interference RNA (siRNA)-Smad2 group, siRNA-Smad3 group, siRNA-Smad4 group, empty plasmid group, Smad2 OE group, Smad3 OE group, and Smad4 OE group, which were transfected respectively with 50 µmol/L random siRNA, siRNA-Smad2, siRNA-Smad3, siRNA-Smad4, 2 µg empty pcDNA3.1 plasmid and pcDNA3.1 plasmids separately carrying Smad2, Smad3, and Smad4 for 6 hours and then routinely cultured for 48 hours. The enrichment of Smad2, Smad3, and Smad4 protein on the Meox1 promoter in the cells of corresponding group was detected by ChIP-qPCR (n=3). (5) Two batches of HDF-a cells were cultured and divided into negative interference group, siRNA-Meox1 group, empty plasmid group, and Meox1 OE group, which were transfected respectively with 50 µmol/L random siRNA, siRNA-Meox1, 2 µg empty pcDNA3.1 plasmid and pcDNA3.1 plasmid carrying Meox1 for 6 hours and then routinely cultured for 24 hours. One batch of cells were subjected to scratch test with the scratch width being observed 24 hours after scratching and compared with the initial width for scratch wound healing; the other batch of cells were subjected to Transwell assay, in which the migrated cells were counted after being routinely cultured for 24 hours (n=3). (6) From January 2018 to June 2019, 3 hypertrophic scar patients (2 males and 1 female, aged 35-56 years) were admitted to the First Affiliated Hospital of Army Medical University (the Third Military Medical University) 8-12 months after burns. The scar tissue and normal skin tissue along the scar margin resected during surgery were taken, and immunohistochemical staining was performed to observe the distribution of Meox1 protein expression. Data were statistically analyzed with one-way analysis of variance and independent sample t test. Results: (1) After 72 hours in culture, a total of 843 genes were obviously differentially expressed between the two groups, being related to tissue repair, cell migration, inflammatory cell chemotaxis induction process and potential signaling pathways such as tumor necrosis factor, interleukin 17, extracellular matrix receptor. The TPM value of Meox1 in the cells of blank control group was 45.9±1.9, which was significantly lower than 163.1±29.5 of TGF-ß(1) stimulation group (t=6.88, P<0.01) with RNA-sequencing. After 72 hours in culture, the Meox1 mRNA expression levels in the cells of blank control group was 1.00±0.21, which was significantly lower than 11.00±3.61 of TGF-ß(1) stimulation group (t=4.79, P<0.01). (2) After 48 hours in culture, the Meox1 mRNA expression levels in the cells of Smad2 OE group, Smad3 OE group, and Smad4 OE group were 198.70±11.02, 35.47±4.30, 20.27±2.50, respectively, which were significantly higher than 1.03±0.19 of empty plasmid group (t=31.07, 13.80, 13.12, P<0.01). (3) After 72 hours in culture, the enrichment of Smad2, Smad3, and Smad4 protein on the promoter of Meox1 in the cells of TGF-ß(1) stimulation group was significantly higher than that of blank control group respectively (t=12.99, 41.47, 29.10, P<0.01). (4) After 48 hours in culture, the enrichment of Smad2 protein on the promoter of Meox1 in the cells of negative interference group was (0.200 000±0.030 000)%, significantly higher than (0.000 770±0.000 013)% of siRNA-Smad2 group (t=11.67, P<0.01); the enrichment of Smad2 protein on the promoter of Meox1 in the cells of empty plasmid group was (0.200 000±0.040 000)%, significantly lower than (0.700 000±0.090 000)% of Smad2 OE group (t=8.85, P<0.01). The enrichment of Smad3 protein on the promoter of Meox1 in the cells of negative interference group was (0.500 0±0.041 3)%, significantly higher than (0.006 0±0.001 3)% of siRNA-Smad3 group (t=17.79, P<0.01); the enrichment of Smad3 protein on the promoter of Meox1 in the cells of empty plasmid group was (0.470 0±0.080 0)%, which was significantly lower than (1.100 0±0.070 0)% of Smad3 OE group (t=9.93, P<0.01). The enrichment of Smad4 protein on the promoter of Meox1 in the cells of negative interference group was similar to that of siRNA-Smad4 group (t=2.11, P>0.05); the enrichment of Smad4 protein on the promoter of Meox1 in the cells of empty plasmid group was similar to that of Smad4 OE group (t=0.60, P>0.05). (5) Twenty-four hours after scratching, the scratch healing width of cells in siRNA-Meox1 group was narrower than that of negative interference group, while that of Meox1 OE group was wider than that of empty plasmid group. After 24 hours in culture, the number of migration cells in negative interference group was significantly higher than that in siRNA-Meox1 group (t=9.12, P<0.01), and that in empty plasmid group was significantly lower than that in Meox1 OE group (t=8.99, P<0.01). (6) The expression of Meox1 protein in the scar tissue was significantly higher than that in normal skin of patients with hypertrophic scars. Conclusions: TGF-ß(1) transcriptionally regulates Meox1 expression via Smad2/3 in HDF-a cells, thus promoting cell migration.

2.
Zhonghua Shao Shang Za Zhi ; 36(3): 244-246, 2020 Mar 20.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32241051

RESUMO

The early accurate diagnosis of burn depth is of great significance in determining the corresponding clinical intervention methods and judging the prognosis quality of burn patients. However, the current diagnostic method of burn depth still relies mainly on the empirical subjective judgment of clinicians, with low diagnostic accuracy. Especially for deep partial-thickness burn wounds, the error of early diagnosis is pretty big. In recent years, with the rapid development of artificial intelligence technology, deep learning algorithm combined with image analysis technology can better identify and analyze the information of medical images. This article reviews the research progress of artificial intelligence technology in the diagnosis of burn depth.

3.
Phys Rev Lett ; 124(11): 111301, 2020 Mar 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32242731

RESUMO

We report constraints on the dark photon effective kinetic mixing parameter (κ) with data taken from two p-type point-contact germanium detectors of the CDEX-10 experiment at the China Jinping Underground Laboratory. The 90% confidence level upper limits on κ of solar dark photon from 205.4 kg-day exposure are derived, probing new parameter space with masses (m_{V}) from 10 to 300 eV/c^{2} in direct detection experiments. Considering dark photon as the cosmological dark matter, limits at 90% confidence level with m_{V} from 0.1 to 4.0 keV/c^{2} are set from 449.6 kg-day data, with a minimum of κ=1.3×10^{-15} at m_{V}=200 eV/c^{2}.

4.
Zhonghua Liu Xing Bing Xue Za Zhi ; 41(0): E032, 2020 Apr 01.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32234127

RESUMO

Objective: To understand the epidemiological characteristics of COVID-19 cases in different epidemic stages in Gansu province. Methods: Epidemiological investigation was conducted to collect the information of confirmed COVID-19 cases, including demographic, epidemiological and clinical information. Results: As of 25 February 2020, a total of 91 confirmed COVID-19 cases had been reported in Gansu. The epidemic of COVID-19 in Gansu can be divided as three different stages, i.e. imported case stage, imported-case plus indigenous case stage, and indigenous case stage. A total of 63 cases were clustered cases (69.23%), 3 cases were medical staff infected with non-occupational exposure. The initial symptoms included fever (54.95%, 50/91), cough (52.75%, 48/91), or fatigue (28.57%, 26/91), the proportion of each symptom showed a decreasing trend along with the three epidemic stages, but only the differences in proportions of fever (trend χ2=2.20, P<0.05) and fatigue (trend χ2=3.18, P<0.05) among the three epidemic stages were statistically significant. The cases with critical severe symptoms accounted for 42.85% (6/14), 23.73% (14/59) and 16.67% (3/18), respectively, in three epidemic stages, showed a decreasing trend (H=6.45, P<0.05). Also, the incubation period prolonged along with the epidemic stage (F=51.65, P<0.01), but the intervals between disease onset and hospital visit (F=5.32, P<0.01), disease onset and diagnosis (F=5.25, P<0.01) became shorter along with the epidemic stage. Additionally, the basic reproduction number (R0) had decreased from 2.61 in imported case stage to 0.66 in indigenous case stage. Conclusions: The COVID-19 epidemic in Gansu was caused by the imported cases, and about 2/3 cases were clustered ones. No medical worker was observed to be infected by occupational exposure. With the progression of COVID-19 epidemic in Gansu, the change in initial symptom and incubation period suggests, the early screening cannot only depend on body temperature monitoring.

5.
Chaos ; 30(3): 033107, 2020 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32237789

RESUMO

Recently, the coexistence of initial-boosting attractors in continuous-time systems has been attracting more attention. How do you implement the coexistence of initial-boosting attractors in a discrete-time map? To address this issue, this paper proposes a novel two-dimensional (2D) hyperchaotic map with a simple algebraic structure. The 2D hyperchaotic map has two special cases of line and no fixed points. The parameter-dependent and initial-boosting bifurcations for these two cases of line and no fixed points are investigated by employing several numerical methods. The simulated results indicate that complex dynamical behaviors including hyperchaos, chaos, and period are closely related to the control parameter and initial conditions. Particularly, the boosting bifurcations of the 2D hyperchaotic map are switched by one of its initial conditions. The distinct property allows the dynamic amplitudes of hyperchaotic/chaotic sequences to be controlled by switching the initial condition, which is especially suitable for chaos-based engineering applications. Besides, a microcontroller-based hardware platform is developed to confirm the generation of initial-switched boosting hyperchaos/chaos.

6.
Anim Genet ; 2020 Apr 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32239777

RESUMO

Three statistical models (an admixture model, linear regression, and ridge-regression BLUP) and two strategies for selecting SNP panels (uniformly spaced vs. maximum Euclidean distance of SNP allele frequencies between ancestral breeds) were compared for estimating genomic-estimated breed composition (GBC) in Brangus and Santa Gertrudis cattle, respectively. Animals were genotyped with a GeneSeek Genomic Profiler bovine low-density version 4 SNP chip. The estimated GBC was consistent among the uniformly spaced SNP panels, and values were similar between the three models. However, estimated GBC varied considerably between the three methods when using fewer than 10 000 SNPs that maximized the Euclidean distance of allele frequencies between the ancestral breeds. The admixture model performed most consistently across various SNP panel sizes. For the other two models, stabilized estimates were obtained with an SNP panel size of 20 000 SNPs or more. Based on the uniformly spaced 20K SNP panel, the estimated GBC was 69.8-70.5% Angus and 29.5-30.2% Brahman for Brangus, and 63.9-65.3% Shorthorn and 34.7-36.1% Brahman in Santa Gertrudis. The estimated GBC of ancestries for Santa Gertrudis roughly agreed with the pedigree-expected values. However, the estimated GBC in Brangus showed a considerably larger Angus composition than the pedigree-expected value (62.5%). The elevated Angus composition in the Brangus could be due to the mixture of some 1/2 Ultrablack animals (Brangus × Angus). Another reason could be the consequences of selection in Brangus cattle for phenotypes where the Angus breed has advantages.

8.
Zhonghua Zhong Liu Za Zhi ; 42(2): 127-132, 2020 Feb 23.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32135647

RESUMO

Objective: To deliver macro understanding of the latest research progress on clinical trials and approved products of cancer drugs in China in 2019. Methods: The number of clinical trials and related investigational products by domestic and foreign enterprises in 2019 were acquired in the China Food and Drug Administration Registration and Information Disclosure Platform for Drug Clinical Studies, while listed drugs were obtained in the China Food and Drug Administration Query System for Domestic and Imported Drug. Characteristics on stage, scope, indication of those trials, classification and mechanism of involved products, as well as listed anticancer drugs were summarized and depicted. Results: There were 474 cancer drug trials registered in China in 2019, accounting for 21.8% of the total, and 397 (83.8%) were initiated by domestic pharmaceutical enterprises. Overall, international multicenter trials accounted for 13.1%, and phase I trials accounted for 47.3%. Compared with global enterprises, the proportion of international multi-center trials initiated by domestic companies is lower (4.8% vs. 55.8%, P<0.001), and the proportion of phase I clinical trials and bioequivalence trials is higher (51.9% vs. 23.4%, 19.4% vs. 1.3%, P<0.001). An accumulative of 27 cancer types were involved for all the cancer drug trials, and lung cancer, solid tumor, and breast cancer were the most common cancer types, with 103, 95 and 49 trials, respectively. For the three cancer types unique to Chinese population, gastric, liver and esophageal cancer, the total number of initiated trials was 47. For all those trials, there were 335 cancer drug varieties, with 86.0% developed by domestic pharmaceutical enterprises, including 300 therapeutic drugs, 30 adjunctive drugs and 5 preventive drugs. In terms of mechanism, targeted drugs and immune drugs were the most popular, accounting for 74.6% and 20.3%, respectively. In addition, 17 anticancer drugs targeting on 11 cancer types were approved in China in 2019. Conclusions: Clinical trials on cancer drugs in China have ushered a booming era, with large number of innovative agents represented by targeted drugs and immune drugs under clinical development or putting into clinical practice. Those local enterprises are playing more and more critical roles. Strengthening clinical research and development on Chinese unique cancer types is the key direction of future work.


Assuntos
Antineoplásicos/uso terapêutico , Neoplasias Pulmonares/tratamento farmacológico , China , Ensaios Clínicos como Assunto , Humanos , Estados Unidos
9.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32185586

RESUMO

PURPOSE: Achieving a pathologic complete response (pCR) with neoadjuvant therapy for HER2-positive breast cancer is associated with less recurrence and improved clinical outcomes compared to having residual cancer at surgery. However, recent data have demonstrated favorable outcomes for patients with residual HER2-positive cancer who received adjuvant trastuzumab emtansine (TDM-1). Therefore, we sought to determine the optimal chemotherapy/anti-HER2 treatment strategy. METHODS: We created a decision-analytic model for patients with stage II-III HER2-positive cancer that incorporated utilities based on toxicity and recurrence. We separately modeled hormone receptor-negative (HR-) and positive (HR+) disease and calculated quality-adjusted life years (QALYs) and costs through 5 years. Simulated patients received one of the following neoadjuvant treatments: three 'intensive' regimens (TCHP: docetaxel, carboplatin, trastuzumab, pertuzumab; THP + AC: taxol, trastuzumab, pertuzumab then doxorubicin and cyclophosphamide; THP: taxol, trastuzumab, pertuzumab) and two 'de-escalated' regimens (TH: taxol, trastuzumab; TDM-1) followed by adjuvant treatment based on pathologic response. RESULTS: Among 'intensive' neoadjuvant strategies, treatment with THP was more effective and less costly than TCHP or THP + AC. When 'de-escalated' strategies were included, TH became the most cost-effective. For HR-negative cancer, TH had 0.003 fewer quality-adjusted life years (QALYs) than THP but was less costly by $55,831, resulting in an incremental cost-effectiveness ratio of over $18M/QALY for THP, well above any threshold. For HR-positive cancer, neoadjuvant TH dominated the THP strategy. CONCLUSION: An adaptive-treatment strategy beginning with neoadjuvant THP or TH followed by tailoring post-operative therapy reduces treatment costs, and spares toxicity compared to more intensive chemotherapy regimens for women with HER2-positive breast cancer.

10.
Zhonghua Jie He He Hu Xi Za Zhi ; 43(0): E038, 2020 Mar 18.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32186172

RESUMO

Severe and critical coronavirus pneumonia 2019 (COVID-19) often occurs in elder patients with multiple comorbidities, and severe hypoxemia events are an important factor in the deterioration of some cases. The critical type of COVID-19 could progress to acute respiratory distress syndrome and multi-organ dysfunction, which are the most important causes of death. Early start with non-invasive ventilation (NIV) against the possible physiological abnormalities could be helpful to improve prognosis. Close monitoring of oxygenation, reducing patients' oxygen consumption, active psychological intervention, and rapidly dealing with severe hypoxemia events are the key factors for the successful treatment of NIV. In addition, active adjuvant therapy is also important, such as correcting coagulation dysfunction, providing proper nutritional support, accurate volume control, and safe individualized blood glucose monitoring and control.

11.
Eur Rev Med Pharmacol Sci ; 24(4): 1609-1615, 2020 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32141527

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to explore the influence of micro ribonucleic acid (miR)-26b on gestational diabetes mellitus in rats via the phosphatidylinositol 3-hydroxy kinase/protein kinase B (PI3K/Akt) signaling pathway. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A total of 60 healthy pregnant female rats were randomly divided into three groups, including group A (normal group), group B (model group), and group C (model + miR-26b group). The differences in fasting blood glucose (FBG), C-reactive protein (CRP), and phosphatidylinositol 3-hydroxy kinase/protein kinase B (PI3K/AKT) among the three groups were analyzed via serum CRP test, morphological observation, quantitative Reverse Transcription-Polymerase Chain Reaction (qRT-PCR), and Western blotting, respectively. RESULTS: The levels of FBG ad CRP were significantly up-regulated in group B when compared with group A (p<0.01). Meanwhile, they increased significantly in group C when compared with group B (p<0.01). Rats in group A exhibited smooth and flat thoracic aortic intimas, as well as neatly arranged smooth muscle cells at the media layer. However, rats in group B showed fractured intimas with enlarged junction gaps, as well as necrotic and detached endothelial cells. Compared with group B, group C exhibited extremely poorly arranged cells at all the layers, rough and rugged intimas, larger areas of necrotic and detached endothelial cells, and markedly worsened lesions. QRT-PCR results indicated that the expression of phosphorylated-PI3K (p-PI3K) was significantly lower in group B than that of group A (p=0.04). Meanwhile, it was markedly lower in group C than that in group B (p=0.04). The expression of p-Akt was remarkably lower in group B than group A (p=0.04), which was also significantly lower in group C than group B (p=0.04). Compared with group A, the expressions of p-PI3K and p-Akt in the thoracic aorta of group B were evidently down-regulated (p<0.01). Furthermore, they decreased markedly in group C when compared with group B (p<0.01). CONCLUSIONS: MiR-26b accelerates the progression of gestational diabetes by inhibiting the PI3K/Akt signaling pathway.

12.
Eur Rev Med Pharmacol Sci ; 24(4): 1725-1735, 2020 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32141540

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: CircRNAs serve an essential role in regulating the development and progression of various tumors. The aim of this study was to examine the role and mechanism of circ_0009910 in hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). MATERIALS AND METHODS: RT-qPCR was used to detect the expression of circ_0009910 and miR-335-5p in tissues and cell lines of HCC. The proliferation, migration, and invasion of HCC cells were examined using 5-ethynyl-2-deoxyuridine (EdU), colony formation, and Transwell assay, respectively. Dual-luciferase reporter gene assay was performed to verify the interaction between miR-335-5p and circ_0009910 or ROCK1. Western blot was applied to detect the protein levels. Furthermore, the antitumor effect of circ_0009910 knockdown was examined by establishing xenograft tumor model of HCC in vivo. RESULTS: Circ_0009910 was upregulated in HCC tissues and cell lines. Knockdown of circ_0009910 significantly inhibited the proliferation, migration, and invasion of HepG2 cells and suppressed tumor growth and metastasis in vivo. Moreover, circ_0009910 directly targeted miR-335-5p, as well as for ROCK1 was a direct target gene of miR-335-5p. Mechanically, simultaneous over-expression of miR-335-5p and circ_0009910 or ROCK1 could restore the biological behaviors of HepG2 cells, which were inhibited by miR-335-5p. CONCLUSIONS: Circ_0009910-silenced suppressed the growth and metastasis of HCC cells through upregulating the inhibitory effect of miR-335-5p on ROCK1.

13.
Eur Rev Med Pharmacol Sci ; 24(4): 2020-2027, 2020 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32141571

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To explore the effect of the micro ribonucleic acid (miR)-223 on the thrombophlebitis rats by regulating the Toll-like receptor (TLR) signaling pathway. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The rat model of thrombophlebitis was established, and miR-223 was silenced or overexpressed through lentiviral transfection. The rats were divided into miR-223 inhibitors group (Inhibitors group), miR-223 mimics group (Mimics group), and normal group (Control group). The transfection efficiency of miR-223 in venous tissues was detected via Reverse Transcription-Polymerase Chain Reaction (RT-PCR), the hemorheological indexes plasma viscosity (PV) and hematocrit (HCT) were observed, and the content of the serum inflammatory factors interleukin-6 (IL-6) and tumor necrosis factor-ß (TNF-ß) were detected via enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA). Moreover, the fibrinolytic indexes plasminogen activator inhibitor (PAI) and the tissue-type plasminogen activator (t-PA) were detected, the morphological changes in the venous tissues were observed via hematoxylin-eosin (HE) staining, and the gene and protein expressions of the TLR signaling pathway were detected via RT-PCR and Western blotting. RESULTS: The expression of miR-223 was significantly increased in the Mimics group (p<0.05) and significantly decreased in the Inhibitors group (p<0.05). The high-shear and low-shear whole blood viscosity and HCT in the Inhibitors group were significantly higher than those in the Mimics group (p<0.05). The levels of serum IL-6, IL-1ß, and TNF-ß in the Inhibitors group were remarkably higher than those in the Mimics group (p<0.05). The Inhibitors group had a remarkably lower level of t-PA (p<0.05) and a remarkably higher level of PAI than the Mimics group (p<0.05). Besides, the inferior vena cava wall shed and disappeared due to complete necrosis in the Inhibitors group. In the Mimics group, the vascular lumen was slightly expanded, and the vascular wall had intact contour. It was found in the gene detection that the mRNA levels of TLR2, myeloid differential protein-88 (MyD88) and c-Jun N-terminal kinase (JNK) were evidently increased in the Inhibitors group, and the significant increases in the protein levels of TLR2 and MyD88 were also observed in the protein detection. CONCLUSIONS: The overexpression of miR-223 can inhibit the TLR signaling pathway, thereby promoting the recovery of thrombophlebitis rats.

14.
Eur Rev Med Pharmacol Sci ; 24(4): 2054-2061, 2020 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32141574

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to explore the influence of hydrogen sulfide (H2S) on cardiomyocyte apoptosis in rats with myocardial ischemia-reperfusion injury via the c-Jun N-terminal kinase (JNK) pathway. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A total of 60 normal female Sprague-Dawley (SD) rats aged 38 weeks were divided into 3 groups, including the sham operation group (n=20), ischemia group (n=20) and ischemia + sodium hydrosulfide (NaHS) group (n=20). Subsequently, differences in cardiac function, the morphology of myocardial tissues, protein expression of JNK2, the content of plasma H2S and malondialdehyde (MDA), the activity of superoxide dismutase (SOD), cystathionine-γ-lyase (CSE) and glutathione peroxidase (GSH-Px) were analyzed among rats in all groups. RESULTS: Left ventricular diastolic pressure (LVDP) and maximum rate of pressure rise/fall (± dP/dtmax) were the highest in of rats of the sham operation group and the lowest in the ischemia group. Meanwhile, they were significantly elevated in the ischemia + NaHS group compared with those in the ischemia group (p<0.01). Left ventricular end-diastolic pressure (LVEDP) was the lowest in rats of the sham operation group and the highest in the ischemia group. Similarly, it decreased markedly in the ischemia + NaHS group compared with the ischemia group (p<0.01). Compared with the sham operation group, the perinuclear space in the myocardium was gradually larger, the arrangement of fibers became significantly more disordered, and the damage of mitochondrial cristae and membrane was remarkably more severe in rats in the ischemia group. Compared with the ischemia group, the above-mentioned conditions of rat cardiomyocytes were markedly improved (p<0.01). Meanwhile, the content of H2S and activity of CSE in the cardiomyocytes were altered in rats of the ischemia + NaHS group. Western blotting results indicated that, compared with the sham operation group, both the ischemia group and ischemia + NaHS group showed significantly up-regulated protein expression level of phosphorylated JNK2, with the highest level in the ischemia group. The content of MDA in rat myocardial tissues was markedly higher in the ischemia group than that of the ischemia + NaHS group, with the lowest level in the sham operation group (p<0.01). Additionally, the activity of SOD and GSH-Px in rat myocardial tissues was remarkably worse in the ischemia group than that of the ischemia + NaHS group, and it was the strongest in the sham operation group (p<0.01). CONCLUSIONS: H2S inhibits the activity of the JNK pathway, decreases its phosphorylation level and down-regulates the protein expression level of JNK2, thereby protecting against myocardial ischemia-reperfusion injury.

17.
Zhonghua Er Ke Za Zhi ; 58(3): 194-200, 2020 Mar 02.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32135590

RESUMO

Objective: To survey the children under 7 years of age in nine cities of China for a better understanding of the current situation of childhood stunting. Methods: According to a stratified cluster sampling design, a cross-sectional survey on children under 7 years of age was carried out in 9 cities (Beijing, Harbin and Xi'an in northern China; Shanghai, Nanjing and Wuhan in central China; and Guangzhou, Fuzhou and Kunming in southern China) from June to November in 2016. A total of 110 499 children were recruited. Height of children was evaluated using the growth standards for Chinese children (2009 edition) .Children with height less than the 3rd percentile of the growth standards were considered as stunting, and children with height between the 3rd and 10th percentiles of the growth standards were considered as relatively short stature. Chi-square test was used for comparison between data of boys and girls, urban and suburban, as well as among different ages and regions. Results: Totally 113 084 children under 7 years of age should be investigated and actually 110 499 children were investigated, with a rate of 97.7%. The prevalence of stunting was 1.9% (2 141/110 499) among all the children. The prevalence of stunting in urban children (1.6%, 904/55 524) was lower than that in suburban children (2.3%, 1 237/54 975, χ(2)=56.246, P<0.01). The gender difference in stunting prevalence was not statistically significant (1.9% (1 121/57 921) in boys and 1.9% (1 020/52 578) in girls, χ(2)=0.003, P=0.965). The prevalence of stunting decreased with age for children younger than 3 years, from 1.8% (312/17 080) in 0-<1 year of age group to 1.2% (168/13 740) in 2-<3 years of age group, but increased to 2.2% (240/11 073) at 6-<7 years group. Comparison among different regions showed that the stunting prevalence in southern region was higher than those in the central and northern regions (0.9% (193/20 374) in northern urban, 0.8% (154/18 486) in central urban, and 3.3% (557/16 664) in southern urban children), showing a statistical significance (χ(2)=437.736, P<0.01); 1.1% (241/21 924) in northern suburban, 1.4% (227/16 775) in central suburban and 4.7% (769/16 276) in southern suburban children, showing a statistical significance (χ(2)=646.533, P<0.01). In urban areas, the difference between the central and northern regions showed no statistical significance (χ(2)=1.429, P=0.232) and the stunting prevalence of central Chinese children was slightly higher than that of northern Chinese children in suburban areas (χ(2)=5.130, P=0.024). Among the nine cities, the stunting prevalence of Guangzhou (6.1%, 613/10 019) was higher than those of other cities (χ(2)=1 559.64, P<0.01). Among the stunting children, 78.4% (1 679/2 141) were classified as borderline or mild and only 7.2% (154/2 141) were classified as severe. The prevalence of relatively short stature was 5.2% (5 721/110 499). Conclusions: The prevalence of stunting among children under 7 years of age in nine cities of China is low and most of the stunting children were classified as mild; the prevalence of stunting in suburban children is higher than that in urban children; the gender difference show no statistical significance; and the prevalence of stunting in southern Chinese children is higher than those in central and northern Chinese children.


Assuntos
Estatura , Desenvolvimento Infantil , Transtornos do Crescimento/epidemiologia , Pequim , Estatura/fisiologia , Peso Corporal , Criança , Pré-Escolar , China/epidemiologia , Cidades/estatística & dados numéricos , Estudos Transversais , Feminino , Transtornos do Crescimento/diagnóstico , Humanos , Masculino , Prevalência , Inquéritos e Questionários
18.
Zhonghua Er Ke Za Zhi ; 58(3): 206-212, 2020 Mar 02.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32135592

RESUMO

Objective: To investigate the timing of permanent tooth emergence and its association with physical growth among children aged 4-7 years in 9 cities of China, and to analyze the trend of permanent teeth development. Methods: According to a stratified cluster sampling design, a cross-sectional survey on the timing of permanent tooth emergence children aged 4-7 years was carried out in 9 cities (Beijing, Harbin and Xi'an in northern China; Shanghai, Nanjing and Wuhan in central China; Guangzhou, Fuzhou and Kunming in southern China) from June to October in 2015. A total of 37 973 children (19 035 boys and 18 938 girls) were recruited and were divided into different age groups (4.0-<4.5, 4.5-5.0, 5.0-5.5 and 6.0-<7.0 years of age). The situation of the exfoliation of primary teeth and the eruption of permanent teeth were investigated. Height and weight were measured using the standardized methods. Z-scores of physical growth indicators were calculated using the growth standards for Chinese children in 2009. Probit regression analysis was used to determine the median and percentile age of transition from deciduous to permanent teeth. Chi-square test was used for comparison of categorical data and t test was used for comparison of measurement data between boys and girls, urban and suburban as well as among different ages and regions. Meanwhile, the data from the national survey on physical growth and development of children under 7 years of age in 9 cities of China in 1995 were used to analyze the trends of the permanent teeth development. Results: The rate of transition from deciduous to permanent teeth in 37 973 children aged 4-7 years was higher with age, which was 0.6% (42/7 568) in 4.0-<4.5 years of age group, 30.3% (2 295/7 583) in 5.5-<6.0 years of age group, and 74.5% (5 680/7 627) in 6.0-<7.0 years of age group. The rates of transition from deciduous to permanent teeth in boys were all lower than those of girls except for children aged 4.0-<4.5 years (all P<0.01). The rate of transition from deciduous to permanent teeth in urban children was higher than that in suburban children for older than 5.5-6.0 years of age group in boys and older than 4.5-5.0 years of age group in girls, which was 74.2% (1 427/1 924) in urban boys aged 6.0-<7.0 years and 69.2% (1 305/1 885) in suburban boys aged 6.0-<7.0 years (χ(2)=11.446, P<0.01). The age of transition from deciduous to permanent teeth was 6.00 (95%CI: 5.98-6.01) years and the range of the 3-97 percentile was 4.88-7.11 years of age. The median permanent tooth emergence age of girls was lower than that of boys (5.94 vs. 6.06 years) and the median age of urban children was lower than that of suburban children (5.94 vs. 6.05 years). The median permanent tooth emergence age of southern Chinese children (6.05 years) was higher than that of northern (5.97 years) and central Chinese children (5.97 years). The weight for age Z-scores (WAZ), height for age Z-scores (HAZ) and body mass index for age Z-scores (BMIZ) of children with transition from deciduous to permanent teeth (0.35±1.17, 0.32±1.00, 0.23±1.16) were significantly higher than those of children without transition from deciduous to permanent teeth (0.03±1.13, 0.03±1.02, 0.04±1.13, t=20.81,21.67,12.09, all P<0.05). In comparison with the data in 1995, data in 2015 showed that the rate of transition from deciduous to permanent teeth was higher, for example, the rate of urban boys aged 6.0-<7.0 years group was 63.8% (1 146/1 796) in 1995, and increased to 74.2% (1 427/1 924) in 2015 (χ(2)=46.748, P<0.01). The median permanent tooth emergence age decreased by 0.24 years in 2015 as compared with that in 1995. Conclusions: The development of permanent teeth is earlier in girls than in boys, earlier in urban children than in suburban children and slightly delay in southern children than in central and northern Chinese children. In addition, the development of permanent teeth, which is related to the physical growth, slightly accelerate in China during the past 20 years.


Assuntos
Estatura/fisiologia , Erupção Dentária , Dente Decíduo , Peso Corporal , Criança , Pré-Escolar , China , Cidades , Estudos Transversais , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Inquéritos e Questionários
20.
Zhonghua Fu Chan Ke Za Zhi ; 55(2): 106-111, 2020 Feb 25.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32146739

RESUMO

Objective: To evaluate the efficacy of cell free DNA (cf-DNA) screening in prenatal care by analyzing the follow-up information and pregnancy outcomes. Methods: All cf-DNA cases conducted in Women's Hospital of Nanjing Medical University from August 2011 to December 2017 were enrolled. The general information of the pregnancies, cf-DNA results, confirmatory testing results, and the follow-up results were collected. The pregnancy outcomes were analyzed in cases with low risk cf-DNA results as well as with high risk results for common trisomies, which were trisomy 21 (T21), trisomy 18 (T18), and trisomy 13 (T13). The sensitivity, specificity, positive predictive value and negative predictive value of cf-DNA screening were calculated. Results: (1) A total of 43 615 cf-DNA cases were involved, with 44 cases (0.10%, 44/43 615) test failure results, 314 cases (0.72%, 314/43 571) high risk results for common trisomies and 43 257 cases (99.27%, 43 257/43 571) low risk results. (2) Among 277 cases (88.21%, 277/314) high risk cases were successfully followed up, and 228 cases (82.31%, 228/277) underwent invasive confirmatory prenatal diagnosis. In the low risk results, 36 826 cases (85.13%, 36 826/43 257) were successfully followed up, and 572 (1.55%, 572/36 826) cases were found to have adverse pregnancy outcomes, among which 4 false negative cf-DNA results were confirmed. (3) In the 37 103 successfully followed up cf-DNA cases, the sensitivity for T21, T18, T13 were calculated as 97.96%, 96.67% and 100.00%, respectively; the specificity for T21, T18, T13 were calculated as 99.96%, 99.95% and 99.95%, respectively. The positive predictive value for T21, T18, T13 were calculated as 90.57%, 63.04% and 17.39%, respectively. The negative predictive value for T21, T18, T13 were calculated as 99.99%, 99.98% and 100.00%. Conclusions: Cf-DNA is effective in detecting common trisomies, with a high sensitivity and specificity. However, the follow-up information revealed several potential limitations in current clinical practice, such as a number of cases with high risk results rejected invasive confirmatory testing, as well as the genetic diagnostic results for most low risk cases with an adverse pregnancy outcome aren't obtained. Genetic counseling and the follow-up for all the cf-DNA cases should be emphasized in the future.


Assuntos
Ácidos Nucleicos Livres , Transtornos Cromossômicos/diagnóstico , Diagnóstico Pré-Natal/métodos , Trissomia/diagnóstico , Transtornos Cromossômicos/genética , Cromossomos Humanos Par 18/genética , Feminino , Seguimentos , Testes Genéticos/métodos , Humanos , Valor Preditivo dos Testes , Gravidez , Resultado da Gravidez , Sensibilidade e Especificidade , Trissomia/genética , Síndrome da Trissomia do Cromossomo 13 , Síndrome da Trissomía do Cromossomo 18 , Ultrassonografia Pré-Natal
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