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1.
Nan Fang Yi Ke Da Xue Xue Bao ; 41(4): 600-606, 2021 Apr 20.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33963722

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To explore the immunomodulatory mechanism and optimal dose of dexmedetomidine (DEX) for preventing postoperative cognitive dysfunction (POCD) in elderly patients undergoing spinal surgery. OBJECTIVE: A total of 120 elderly patients undergoing elective spinal surgery with general anesthesia were randomized into 4 groups to receive a loading dose of 0.3 µg/kg DEX for 10 min before anesthesia induction followed by maintenance doses of 0.2, 0.5, and 0.8 µg · kg-1·h-1 (low-, medium-, and high-dose DEX groups, respectively) or an equal volume of normal saline (control group). DEX and saline was discontinued 40 min before the end of the surgery. Before induction (D0) and on day 1 (D1), day 3 (D2) and day 7 (D3) after the operation, the cognitive function of the patients was assessed using the MMSE scale and their serum levels of ß-amyloid (Aß), TNF-α, IL-1ß and IL-6 were measured. The occurrence of adverse effects including bradycardia and hypotension and the recovery time of the patients were recorded. OBJECTIVE: Compared with those on D0, serum levels of Aß, IL-1ß, IL-6, and TNF-α on D1 were markedly increased in all the groups (P < 0.05); the levels of Aß decreased to the baseline level on D3 in medium- and high-dose DEX groups (P > 0.05) but remained high in the other two groups. On D2, TNF-α, L-1ß and IL-6 recovered their baseline levels in medium- and high-dose DEX groups (P > 0.05) but remained elevated in the other two groups. The incidences of POCD in medium- and high-dose DEX groups were comparable but significantly lower than that in the control group (P < 0.05). The incidences of hypotension and bradycardia were the highest in high-dose DEX group (P < 0.01), which also had longer recovery time than the other 3 groups (P < 0.05). OBJECTIVE: With a loading dose of 0.3 µg/kg followed by a maintenance doses of 0.5 µg · kg-1·h-1, DEX can effectively reduce the incidence of POCD in elderly patients undergoing spinal surgery by inhibiting the production of Aß and pro-inflammatory cytokines.

2.
Sci Adv ; 7(18)2021 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33931459

RESUMO

Duchenne muscular dystrophy (DMD) is a fatal muscle disease caused by the lack of dystrophin, which maintains muscle membrane integrity. We used an adenine base editor (ABE) to modify splice donor sites of the dystrophin gene, causing skipping of a common DMD deletion mutation of exon 51 (∆Ex51) in cardiomyocytes derived from human induced pluripotent stem cells, restoring dystrophin expression. Prime editing was also capable of reframing the dystrophin open reading frame in these cardiomyocytes. Intramuscular injection of ∆Ex51 mice with adeno-associated virus serotype-9 encoding ABE components as a split-intein trans-splicing system allowed gene editing and disease correction in vivo. Our findings demonstrate the effectiveness of nucleotide editing for the correction of diverse DMD mutations with minimal modification of the genome, although improved delivery methods will be required before these strategies can be used to sufficiently edit the genome in patients with DMD.

3.
J Genet Couns ; 2021 May 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33938075

RESUMO

Direct-to-consumer genetic testing (DTCGT) is gaining popularity in Hong Kong (HK). As DTCGT forgoes specialist medical involvement, healthcare professionals have raised concerns regarding its validity, utility, and the public's ability to interpret DTCGT results. Thus, genetic counseling (GC) is recommended to facilitate understanding of DTCGT. This study aimed to investigate HK public's perception toward DTCGT and the importance of GC in DTCGT. A total of 304 HK adults were invited to complete a 37-item survey online. Participants' genomic literacy, understanding and attitude toward DTCGT and GC, and responses to a mock DTCGT scenario were assessed. 48% of participants were aware of DTCGT while 82% indicated an interest. 30% of participants were aware of GC services in HK; 49% were interested in GC services for understanding DTCGT results. Participants scored on average 7.6/11 in the genomic sequencing knowledge scale and were weak in limitations of genomic testing. In the mock DTCGT scenario, 73% of participants expressed concern with the positive results initially. After being explained limitations of DTCGT, 40% of participants reported decreased concern. Reduced perceived helpfulness in medical management and lifestyle modification were also reported by 35% and 27%, respectively. This HK population demonstrated a high level of awareness and interest in DTCGT. As potential DTCGT users, they might experience excess concern and overestimate the usefulness of positive DTCGT results, particularly in medical management. The importance of GC to educate and guide interpretation of DTCGT results is supported; yet the awareness and access of GC services is inadequate in HK.

5.
Am J Hypertens ; 2021 Apr 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33856436

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: N-methyl-D-aspartate Receptor (NMDAR) in the hypothalamic paraventricular nucleus (PVN) plays critical roles in regulating sympathetic outflow. Studies showed that acute application of the antagonists of NMDAR or its subunits would reduce sympathetic nerve discharges. However, little is known about the effect of long-term management of NMDAR in hypertensive animals. METHODS: PEAQX, the specific antagonist of NMDAR subunit 2A (GluN2A) was injected into both side of the PVN of two-kidney, one clip (2K1C) renal hypertensive rats and control (normotensive rats) for three weeks. RESULTS: Three weeks of PEAQX infusion significantly reduced the blood pressure of the 2K1C rats. It managed to resume the balance between excitatory and inhibitory neural transmitters, reduce the level of pro-inflammatory cytokines and reactive oxygen species in the PVN, and reduce the level of norepinephrine in plasma of the 2K1C rats. PEAQX administration also largely reduced the transcription and translation levels of GluN2A and changed the expression levels of NMDAR subunit 1 and 2B (GluN1 and GluN2B). In addition, NMDAR was known to function through activating the extracellular regulated protein kinases (ERK) or phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase/protein kinase B (PI3K/Akt) pathways. In our study we found that in the PVN of 2K1C rats treated with PEAQX, the phosphorylation levels of mitogen-activated protein kinase kinase (MEK), ERK1/2 and cAMP-response element binding protein (CREB) significantly reduced, while the phosphorylation level of PI3K didn't change significantly. CONCLUSIONS: Chronic blockade of GluN2A alleviates hypertension through suppression of MEK/ERK/CREB pathway.

6.
J Dairy Sci ; 2021 Apr 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33838887

RESUMO

This study tested the ability of lactoferrin to modulate pulmonary inflammation. To construct in vitro and in vivo inflammatory lung models, cells from the human lung adenocarcinoma cell line (A549) were exposed to lipopolysaccharide (LPS, 1 µg/mL), and mice (CD-1) were intratracheally administrated LPS [10 mg/kg of body weight (BW), tracheal lumen injection], respectively. The A549 cells were preincubated with lactoferrin (10 mg/mL), and the mice were intraperitoneally injected with lactoferrin (100 mg/kg of BW), followed by LPS treatment. The concentrations of proinflammatory cytokines (IL-1ß and TNF-α) in culture medium of A549 cells and in bronchoalveolar lavage fluid of the mice were determined using enzyme-linked immunosorbent assays. The toll-like receptor 4-related pathway (TLR4/MyD88/IRAK1/TRAF6/NFκB) was determined at gene and protein expression levels in A549 cells and mouse lung tissue. Results showed that LPS treatment significantly elevated the concentrations of IL-1ß and TNF-α in the A549 cell culture medium and in bronchoalveolar lavage fluid of the mice; it also elevated both the mRNA and protein expressions of TLR4 and the TLR4 downstream factors in A549 cells and mouse lung tissue. Nevertheless, lactoferrin apparently depressed the releases of IL-1ß and TNF-α from A549 cells and lung tissues stimulated by LPS, and significantly suppressed the TLR4 signaling pathway. Lactoferrin also promoted the enhancement of miR-146a expression in A549 cells and mouse lung tissue. Moreover, 100°C heating for 3 min caused total loss of the previously listed bioactivity of lactoferrin. Collectively, we proved that lactoferrin intervened in LPS-induced inflammation in the pulmonary cell model and in the mouse model, through inhibiting the TLR4-related pathway.

7.
Eur Rev Med Pharmacol Sci ; 25(7): 2826, 2021 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33877677

RESUMO

The article "TUG1 promotes the development of prostate cancer by regulating RLIM, by B.-H. Guo, Q. Zhao, H.-Y. Li, published in Eur Rev Med Pharmacol Sci 2019; 23 (5): 1926-1933-DOI: 10.26355/eurrev_201903_17230-PMID: 30915735" has been withdrawn from the authors due to some inaccuracies (some data cannot be repeated by further research). The Publisher apologizes for any inconvenience this may cause. https://www.europeanreview.org/article/17230.

8.
Zhonghua Yu Fang Yi Xue Za Zhi ; 55(4): 492-498, 2021 Apr 06.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33858061

RESUMO

Objective: To explore the correlation of damage-associated molecular pattern molecules(DAMPs) serum S100, C-reactive protein (CRP), serum amyloid A (SAA) and uric acid (UA) with age and body mass index (BMI) to provide direction for further study of metabolic inflammation and inflammaging. Methods: The observational study method was used,and three hundred and sixty-six healthy people (131 males and 235 females) were selected from the physical examination center of the Second People's Hospital of Hunan Province from May to October 2020. They were divided into three age groups according to the age interval of 20 years, including 156 (53 males and 103 females) aged 20-40 years, 110 (36 males and 74 females) aged 41-60 years, and 100 (42 males and 58 females) aged 61-80 years. Kruskal Wallis H test was used to compare the differences of serum S100, CRP, SAA and UA levels among different age groups. According to the Health Industry Standards of the People's Republic of China-Weight Determination for Adults, the boundary is BMI =24 kg/m2. The healthy people were divided into non overweight (BMI<24 kg/m2) and overweight (BMI ≥ 24 kg/m2) two groups. The 1∶1 propensity score was used to match the age and gender. There were 96 non overweight subjects [43 males, 53 females, age 52 (35, 66) years], 96 overweight subjects [44 males, 52 females, age 52 (36, 64) years]. The serum levels of S100, CRP, SAA and UA in different BMI groups were compared by Mann-Whitney U test. Results: The median serum UA concentrations in males and females were 356 and 277 µmol/L, and the levels of serum UA of male was significantly higher than that of female (Z=-10.428, P<0.001); the median serum SAA concentrations in males and females were 3.1 mg/L and 4.4 mg/L, while the serum SAA level of female was significantly higher than that of male (Z=3.652, P<0.001); for 20-40, 41-60, and 61-80 years old group, the median concentration of serum S100 was 0.058, 0.057, 0.070 µg/L, and the median concentration of serum CRP was 0.32, 0.58, 0.93 mg/L; the median serum SAA concentrations were 3.2, 4.0, 5.2 mg/L; serum uric acid concentrations were (301.8±61.5), (298.6±69.8), (329.0±77.8) µmol/L. The levels of serum S100, CRP, SAA, UA in 61-80 years group were significantly higher than those of 20-40 years group (H=-2.749, H=-6.731, H=-5.033, H=-2.521, P=0.018, P<0.001, P<0.001, P=0.035) and 41-60 years old group (H=-2.719, H=-2.539, H=-2.540, H=-2.486, P=0.020, P=0.033, P=0.033, P=0.039).The levels of serum CRP of 41-60 years group was significantly higher than that of 20-40 years group (H=-4.108,P<0.001). There was no significant difference in levels of serum S100, SAA and UA between 20-40 years group and 41-60 years group (H=0.189, H=-2.360, H=-0.165, P=1.000, P=0.055, P=1.000); the levels of serum CRP and SAA were positively correlated with age (rs =0.342, rs =0.301, P<0.001, P<0.001); for overweight, non-overweight group, the median concentrations of serum S100 were 0.065 µg/L, 0.059 µg/L, the median concentrations of serum CRP were 0.92 mg/L, 0.47 mg/L, the median concentrations of serum SAA were 5.0 mg/L, 4.1 mg/L, the median concentrations of serum UA were 339.5 µmol/L, 301.5 µmol/L, the levels of CRP, SAA and UA in the overweight group were higher than those in the non-overweight group (Z=4.278, Z=2.025, Z=3.787, P<0.001, P=0.043, P<0.001); the levels of S100 in the overweight group was higher than those in the non-overweight group, but there was no significant difference in S100 between the two groups (Z=0.862, P=0.388); the levels of Serum CRP and UA were positively correlated with BMI (rs =0.348, rs =0.264, P<0.001, P=0.009). Conclusions: With the increase of age, the serum S100, CRP, SAA and UA levels of healthy people may be on the rise, especially the serum CRP and SAA levels are positively correlated with age; the serum S100, CRP, SAA and UA levels of overweight people may be higher than those of non-overweight people, especially the serum CRP, UA levels are positively correlated with BMI.


Assuntos
Alarminas , Ácido Úrico , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Índice de Massa Corporal , Proteína C-Reativa/análise , China , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Adulto Jovem
9.
Zhonghua Xin Xue Guan Bing Za Zhi ; 49(4): 345-352, 2021 Apr 24.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33874684

RESUMO

Objective: To investigate the effect of bilateral superior cervical ganglionectomy on cardiac remodeling and function in pressure-overloaded heart failure (HF) mice. Methods: Pressure-overloaded HF mouse model was produced by severe thoracic aorta banding (sTAB). Bilateral superior cervical ganglionectomy (SCGx) was performed 2 weeks after sTAB. Twenty four 6-week-old male C57BL/6 mice were randomized divided into 4 groups (n=6 each): control group: sham sTAB+sham SCGx; denervated group: sham sTAB+SCGx; HF group: sTAB+sham SCGx; denervated HF group: sTAB+SCGx. Cardiac function was measured by echocardiography at week 0, 1, 2, and 4 after sTAB, respectively. All mice were sacrificed at the end of week 4 and heart tissues were harvested. HE and Masson staining were performed. Immunohistochemical staining (IHC) for tyrosine hydroxylase (TH), adrenergic receptor ß1 (AR-ß1) and CD68 was performed. Western blot was used to determine the protein expression level of TH, B type natriuretic peptide (BNP), and AR-ß1. Results: Left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF) declined continuously in HF group. LVEF was similar between denervated HF group and control group at various time points (P>0.05). LVEF was significantly higher in denervated HF group than in HF group at the end of week 4 (P<0.05). HE staining showed that cross sectional cardiomyocyte area was significantly larger in HF group than in control group and denervated HF group (P<0.05), which was similar between denervated HF group and control group (P>0.05). Masson staining showed that fibrosis level was significantly lower in denervated HF group than in HF group (P<0.05). IHC showed that TH+nerves and CD68+ macrophages were significantly increased in HF mice as compared to control mice (P<0.05), whereas this change was abolished in denervated HF group. AR-ß1 was significantly down-regulated in HF group compared with control group (P<0.05), which was not affected by denervation (P>0.05). Western blot demonstrated that the expression level of TH and BNP was significantly higher in HF group compared with the control group (P<0.05), whereas this difference was diminished in denervated HF group(P>0.05). Conclusion: Bilateral superior cervical ganglionectomy can reduce sympathetic innervation and macrophage infiltration in pressure overloaded failure heart, thus attenuate cardiac remodeling and improve cardiac function.

10.
Zhonghua Xin Xue Guan Bing Za Zhi ; 49(4): 380-386, 2021 Apr 24.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33874689

RESUMO

Objective: To investigate the effect of bare-metal stent related technique on distal aortic dissection involving abdominal visceral segment. Methods: A retrospective analysis was performed on clinical data of 33 patients with distal aortic dissection involved abdominal visceral segment, who hospitalized in the Vascular Surgery Department of Shanghai Changhai Hospital from July 2012 to September 2019. The effect of the treatment was evaluated according to the clinical and preoperative, intraoperative and follow-up imaging data derived from (aorta computed tomography angiography (CTA) and digital subtraction angiography (DSA)) as well as the changes of the maximal diameter of the aorta and the thrombosis of the false lumen of the dissection. The criteria were as follows: the maximum diameter change of aortic dissection<5 mm was defined as stable; the maximum diameter decrease of aortic dissection≥5 mm was defined as effective reduction; the maximum diameter increase of aortic dissection≥5 mm was defined as expansion; the definition of diameter change of false lumen was the same as above. The hospital complications, clinical symptoms and survival were recorded. Results: There were 28 male patients in this cohort, the mean age was (57.6±4.9) years old. Twenty-one patients were treated with bare-metal stent and coils technique, of which 8 patients were jointly treated with stent grafts. Twelve patients were treated with multi-layer bare-metal stent technique, of which 4 patients were jointly treated with stent grafts. Intraoperative DSA image results showed that the visceral arteries were patent during the treatment, and the blood flow velocity of the false lumen was reduced in all 33 patients. There were no adverse events such as distal outflow tract embolism and coil displacement during the operation. During the period of hospitalization, one patient developed intimal rupture of subrenal abdominal aortic dissection on the fourth day after operation and emergency endovascular graft exclusion was performed for abdominal aortic dissection, and the patient recovered well from the emergency operation. The follow-up time was (16.7±14.0) months. One patient died 1 year after surgery due to non-disease-related factors. Follow-up CTA imaging results showed that the maximum diameter of the aorta in abdominal visceral segment tended to be smaller ((39.1±13.4) mm vs. (41.3±11.9) mm, P=0.469), and the maximum diameter of the false lumen was significantly reduced ((16.2±12.9) mm vs. (23.5±10.7) mm, P=0.014). The maximum diameter of the aortic dissection was reduced in 12 cases, stable in 19 cases, expanded in 2 cases. The maximum diameter of the false lumen was effectively reduced in 22 cases, stable in 10 cases, and expanded in 1 case. Four patients developed small endoleak in the false lumen, one of them was nearby the renal artery stent, and the remaining patients experienced complete thrombosis of the false lumen. Conclusions: Endovascular treatment of distal aortic dissection involving abdominal visceral segment with bare-metal stents related technique could promote the shrink and the thrombosis of the false lumen, and slow down the blood flow from the tear into the false lumen in the setting of patency of visceral arteries.

11.
Neurologia ; 2021 Apr 19.
Artigo em Inglês, Espanhol | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33888329

RESUMO

PURPOSE: The performance of the Low-Profile Visualized Intraluminal Support (LVIS) stent deployed following balloon angioplasty is unknown in treating intracranial atherosclerotic stenosis, and this study was to investigate the safety and efficacy of the LVIS stent in treating intracranial atherosclerotic stenosis in the middle cerebral artery M1 segment. METHODS: Thirty-five patients were enrolled with 35 atherosclerotic stenoses at the M1 segment. The stenosis was about 75% in 16 patients, 80% in 15, and 90% in the rest four. The LVIS stent was used to treat these patients. RESULTS: The success rate of stenting was 97.1%. The stenting procedure was failed in one patient because of intraprocedural dissection of the stenotic (75%) segment, resulting in a 30-day periprocedural complication rate of 2.9% (1/35). Before stenting, the stenosis rate ranged 75%-90% (mean 78.9%±4.7%), and after stenting, the diameter of the stented segment was significantly (P<0.0001) increased to 1.5-3.4mm (mean 2.1±0.32mm) ranging 68.2%-100% (mean 94.0%±5.8%) of the normal arterial diameter, with the residual stenosis ranging 0-31.8% (median 4.8%, IQR 2.4%-7.3%). Follow-up was performed at 6-20 months (mean 8.5) after stenting. One patient (2.9%) had occlusion of the stented M1 segment with no symptoms, and two patients (5.7%) had slight asymptomatic instent stenosis (40%) at the M1 segment, with the instent restenosis and occlusion rate of 8.6% (3/35). CONCLUSION: The braided LVIS stent can be safely applied for treatment of intracranial atherosclerotic stenosis in the middle cerebral artery with good safety and efficacy immediately after stenting and at follow-up.

12.
J Biol Regul Homeost Agents ; 35(2)2021 Apr 23.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33890435

RESUMO

Autologous chondrocyte (CH) transplantation is a novel strategy to treat post-traumatic osteoarthritis (PTOA). In this study, an in vitro coculture model was used to explore the effects of interleukin (IL)-10 overexpressed CHs on degenerated CHs. The original CHs were isolated from the patients' knee joint cartilage and pretreated with IL-1ß to get degenerated CHs. Moreoer, CHs were transfected with a lentivirus vector to overexpress IL-10. After coculture with the degenerated CHs, the apoptosis, collagen X, IL-6, and TNF-α of original CHs were increased, and the collagen II and IL-10 were decreased compared to the separated culture condition. Coculture with original CHs did not alleviate the degeneration of the IL-1ß-pretreated CHs. However, coculture with the IL-10-overexpressed CHs rescued the proliferation, collagen II, aggrecan, SOX9, and IL-10 expression, and suppressed the apoptosis, collagen X, RUnx2, IL-6, and TNF-α levels in the IL-1ß pretreated CHs. Additionally, the IL-10-overexpressed CHs also maintained a healthy state when cocultured with the degenerated CHs. Therefore, transplanting the IL-10-overexpressed CHs in the treatment of PTOA would obtain a more durable and visible effect in alleviating the CH degeneration.

13.
Zhonghua Fu Chan Ke Za Zhi ; 56(3): 178-184, 2021 Mar 25.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33874712

RESUMO

Objective: To evaluate the efficacy and safety of dienogest (DNG) in the treatment of refractory endometriosis-associated pain (REAP). Methods: In this study, REAP was defined according to the following criteria: (1) the pain duration was ≥12 months and visual analogue scale (VAS)≥60 mm; (2) the previous treatments with over two medicines like oral contraceptives and levonorgestrel-releasing intrauterine system failed to achieve satisfactory relief of pain, with VAS reduction less than 50%; with gonadotropin-releasing hormone agonist or mifepristone, the pain could be controlled temporarily, but it recurred after discontinuation of medicines; (3) the pain could not be relieved by surgery or even repeated surgeries. In the present study, 48 patients with REAP were treated with DNG 2 mg/day orally and the clinical outcomes were retrospectively analyzed. The VAS scores, levels of CA125, estradiol, FSH, LH and changes in the size of endometriotic lesions before and after treatment were compared respectively. The side effects were also analyzed. Results: The average duration of DNG treatment was (20.1±12.8) months. After 3 months of medication, the VAS score was significantly reduced from (77.9±15.8) mm to (20.8±10.7) mm (P<0.01), and CA125 level was significantly reduced from (95±139) kU/L to (38±45) kU/L (P<0.05). The effects were maintained with continuation of DNG treatment. Endometriotic lesions tended to shrink, after 12 months of DNG treatment, the size of ovarian endometriomas was reduced significantly from (3.1±1.0) cm to (1.9±1.2) cm (P<0.05). The mean level of estradiol was maintained at 124.82-221.04 pmol/L and levels of FSH and LH did not change significantly during the treatment. The major side effect was irregular bleeding (75%, 36/48). Conclusions: DNG could effectively relieve REAP and is a well-tolerated therapy. It may supply an alternative option for patients with REAP.


Assuntos
Endometriose , Endometriose/complicações , Endometriose/tratamento farmacológico , Feminino , Humanos , Nandrolona/análogos & derivados , Dor/tratamento farmacológico , Dor/etiologia , Estudos Retrospectivos , Resultado do Tratamento
14.
Eur Rev Med Pharmacol Sci ; 25(6): 2685-2695, 2021 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33829455

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: Although previous research has reported beneficial effects of statins on infectious diseases, these have yet to be concluded. Therefore, we conducted an umbrella review to provide a comprehensive understanding of the strength of evidence and validity of claimed associations between statins (hydroxymethyl glutaryl-CoA reductase inhibitors) and infectious diseases. PATIENTS AND METHODS: We conducted an umbrella review and re-analyzed data from meta-analyses of randomized controlled trials and observational studies on associations between statin use and different infectious diseases such as bacteremia/sepsis and pneumonia. We also evaluated the level of evidence for each re-analyzed outcome based on the criteria using p-values of random and fixed-effects, 95% prediction intervals, small-study effects, between-study heterogeneity, and concordance between the effect estimate of the largest study and summary estimates of the meta-analysis. Moreover, publication bias was also examined. RESULTS: Through a systematic literature search, we obtained 14 eligible articles including 25 meta-analyses. All 4 meta-analyses on overall infection, 3 out of 14 meta-analyses on bacteremia/sepsis, and 5 out of 7 meta-analyses on pneumonia demonstrated that statin use was associated with reduced mortality due to infections (caused by infections). Nonetheless, most significant results only showed a weak level of evidence, and one study with convincing evidence prior to adjustment also showed weak evidence after adjustment. CONCLUSIONS: The present review identified a protective effect of statins on infection-related mortality, but all available studies had a weak level of evidence. Therefore, further studies with a strong level of evidence are needed, and it is also necessary to investigate the types of statins and to study clinical outcomes other than mortality to gain further insights.

15.
Phys Rev Lett ; 126(15): 152502, 2021 Apr 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33929212

RESUMO

A new α-emitting isotope ^{214}U, produced by the fusion-evaporation reaction ^{182}W(^{36}Ar,4n)^{214}U, was identified by employing the gas-filled recoil separator SHANS and the recoil-α correlation technique. More precise α-decay properties of even-even nuclei ^{216,218}U were also measured in the reactions of ^{40}Ar, ^{40}Ca beams with ^{180,182,184}W targets. By combining the experimental data, improved α-decay reduced widths δ^{2} for the even-even Po-Pu nuclei in the vicinity of the magic neutron number N=126 are deduced. Their systematic trends are discussed in terms of the N_{p}N_{n} scheme in order to study the influence of proton-neutron interaction on α decay in this region of nuclei. It is strikingly found that the reduced widths of ^{214,216}U are significantly enhanced by a factor of two as compared with the N_{p}N_{n} systematics for the 84≤Z≤90 and N<126 even-even nuclei. The abnormal enhancement is interpreted by the strong monopole interaction between the valence protons and neutrons occupying the π1f_{7/2} and ν1f_{5/2} spin-orbit partner orbits, which is supported by the large-scale shell model calculation.

16.
Clin Radiol ; 2021 Apr 23.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33902885

RESUMO

AIM: To evaluate the diagnostic accuracy of Doppler ultrasound (DUS) in detecting hepatic artery stenosis (HAS) after liver transplantation using computed tomography angiography (CTA) as the reference standard. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This study included data from January 2005 to November 2017, where DUS of the hepatic artery of living and deceased donor liver grafts were compared with the reference standard, CTA. DUS parameters, such as intrahepatic artery (IHA) peak systolic velocity (PSV), resistive index (RI), systolic acceleration time (SAT); and extrahepatic artery (EHA) PSV were taken. The optimum cut-off was estimated using area under the receiver operating characteristic curve (AUC). Multivariable logistic regression analysis was developed to predict HAS. RESULTS: Ninety-nine liver transplant cases were retrieved, 50 met the inclusion criteria where nine patients had significant HAS. HAS patients had a significantly low IHAPSV with a cut-off of 35.1 cm/s (sensitivity 53.8%, specificity 78.4%, AUC 0.701). IHARI had a significantly low RI with a cut-off 0.585 (sensitivity 86.7%, specificity 85.4%, AUC 0.913). The IHASAT cut-off was 0.045 seconds (sensitivity 80%, specificity 91.4%, AUC 0.857). The EHAPSV cut-off was 197.4 cm/s (sensitivity 50%, specificity 99.1%, AUC 0.648). The prediction model using DUS parameters IHARI and IHASAT demonstrated good discrimination with an AUC of 0.930 (95% CI: 0.843, 1.000; sensitivity 93.3%, specificity 88%). CONCLUSION: A prediction model using the DUS parameters IHARI and IHASAT showed good diagnostic accuracy of 88.6% for monitoring liver transplant patients. If validated externally, this DUS model could be utilised to diagnose HAS in liver transplant recipients.

17.
Zootaxa ; 4963(2): zootaxa.4963.2.6, 2021 Apr 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33903555

RESUMO

The thread-legged bug genus Proguithera Wygodzinsky, 1966 is recorded from China for the first time, and a new species, P. caspersi sp. nov., is described and illustrated. The new species is cavernicolous and was collected on the walls of a cave together with another emesine species Myiophanes tipulina Reuter, 1881. The type species of the genus, P. drescheri (Wygodzinsky, 1966), is re-diagnosed based on the examination of the holotype. An updated key to species of the Guithera-Lutevula genus group is provided.

18.
Clin Transl Oncol ; 2021 Apr 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33792840

RESUMO

Osteosarcoma, a common malignant tumor in orthopedics, often has a very poor prognosis after lung metastasis. Immunotherapy has not achieved much progress in the treatment because of the characteristics of solid tumors and immune environment of osteosarcoma. The tumor environment is rather essential for sarcoma treatment. Our previous study demonstrated that heat shock proteins could be used as antitumor vaccines by carrying tumor antigen peptides, and we hypothesize that an anti-osteosarcoma effect may be increased with an immune check point inhibitor (PD-L1 inhibitor) as a combination treatment strategy. The present study prepared a multisubtype mixed heat shock protein osteosarcoma vaccine (mHSP/peptide vaccine) and concluded that the mHSP/peptide vaccine was more effective than a single subtype heat shock protein, like Grp94. Therefore, we used the mHSP/peptide vaccine in combination with a PD-L1 inhibitor to treat osteosarcoma, and the deterioration of osteosarcoma was effectively hampered. The mechanism of combined therapy was investigated, and AKT expression participates with sarcoma lung metastasis. This study proposed an antisarcoma strategy via stimulation of the immune system as a further alternative approach for sarcoma treatment and elucidated the mechanism of combined therapy.

19.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33832194

RESUMO

Objective: To discuss the complications and postoperative outcomes of tracheotomy with different etiology in children. Methods: One hundred and eighty-six patients underwent tracheotomy were retrospectively analyzed from January 2016 to December 2018,including 117 males and 69 females. The children aged from 4 days to 14 years (median age 31.5months). One case was operated under local anesthesia in emergency room, 2 cases were operated under local anesthesia in pediatric intensive care unit, the rest 183 cases were operated under general anesthesia in operation room. The 186 children were divided into four groups according to their direct causes of tracheotomy. Group A(90 cases): Neuromuscular disease and severe infection,Group B(26 cases): Head and neck tumor,Group C(57 cases): Congenital malformation and upper airway obstruction,Group D(13 cases): Accidental injury. The basic information, surgical complications and postoperative outcomes were recorded and analyzed. All patients were followed up by clinic or by telephone. Spss 19.0 software was used for statistical analysis. Results: One hundred and eighty-six patients were followed up for one to four years. 33 children lost the follow-up and 46 died. Among the 186 patients, 23 cases had emergency tracheotomy (12.4%). The rate of emergency tracheotomy in group C(16 cases, 28.1%) was higher than that in the other three groups(χ2=28.08,P<0.05). The average age of patients and hospital stay in group C were significantly lower than those in the other three groups (F=33.76,P<0.05; F=14.95,P<0.05). Incision bleeding occurred in 11 cases, Subcutaneous emphysema occurred in 6 cases and accidental decannulation occurred in 10 cases (4 cases within 2 weeks and 6 after 2 weeks). Six patients underwent tracheocutaneous fistula closure operation after decannulation and the stoma healed spontaneously in other extubated children. Two patients underwent secondary tracheotomy due to accidental decannulation, and three patients underwent secondary tracheotomy for dyspnea after decannulation. In 107 cases of survival children, decannulation was successful in 65 patients and failed in 42 patients. The average duration of wearing tracheal tube was 8.8 months. The decannulation rates in the four groups were 55.6%, 45%, 69% and 77.8%, with no significant difference. Conclusions: The complications after tracheotomy in children are rare, and no severe complications occurred in long-term tracheotomy patients. The duration of wearing tracheal tube is related to the treatment of their primary disease.


Assuntos
Complicações Pós-Operatórias , Traqueotomia , Adolescente , Anestesia Geral , Criança , Pré-Escolar , Feminino , Humanos , Lactente , Masculino , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/epidemiologia , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/etiologia , Estudos Retrospectivos , Traqueostomia , Traqueotomia/efeitos adversos
20.
J Mech Behav Biomed Mater ; 119: 104520, 2021 Apr 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33872921

RESUMO

Ceramic implants have superior performance due to the excellent wear resistance and biocompatibility. However, the poor machinability limits their applications. Plasma sprayed ceramic coating on the additively manufactured metal substrate not only provides a 3-dimensional conformal implant coating and but also forms a highly wear-resistant surface layer. In this paper, three types of ceramic coatings of Al2O3, ZrO2, and Al2O3-ZrO2 composite have been fabricated by atmosphere plasma spray on the CoCrMo alloy substrate prepared by selective laser melting (SLM). It has been found that the Al2O3-ZrO2 composite coating has better corrosion and wear resistance compared with the ceramic coating (Al2O3, ZrO2) and the CoCrMo substrate. The adhesion strength between the Al2O3-ZrO2 composite coating and the substrate reaches 238 MPa. In addition, the wear and corrosion resistance increase with wear progression for all the fabricated ceramic coatings. The highly dense microstructure, fewer microcracks, and the amorphous phases are deterministic factors responsible for the superior tribological and corrosion performance of the Al2O3-ZrO2 composite coating. The fabrication route has been proved very promising to manufacture high-performance implants with ceramic coating.

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