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1.
Zhonghua Kou Qiang Yi Xue Za Zhi ; 57(11): 1119-1127, 2022 Nov 09.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36379890

RESUMO

Objective: To improve the understanding of histological variants of calcifying epithelial odontogenic tumor (CEOT). Methods: In this retrospective study, 11 cases of CEOT diagnosed from January 2008 to March 2022 were enrolled in the Department of Oral Pathology of Nanjing Stomatological Hospital, Medical School of Nanjing University. Among them, 10 were male and 1 was female. The patients were 19 to 58 years old [(43.0±11.9) years] and the course of disease was 2 weeks to 5 years. The clinicopathological characteristics were analyzed and the follow-up of patients ranged from 1 to 8 years, including 8 cases with follow-up data and 3 cases lost to follow-up. Furthermore, the related domestic and international literature was reviewed. Results: Eleven cases of CEOT included 6 cases of classic CEOT, 2 cases of clear cell CEOT, 2 cases of Langerhans cell-rich variant of CEOT and 1 case of non-calcified CEOT. In 6 cases of classic CEOT, the ratio of occurrence in mandible to maxilla was 2∶1, the ratio in central parts to peripheral parts was 5∶1, 2 cases were associated with unerupted teeth and 3 cases showed local aggressiveness. Histopathologically, classic CEOT showed eosinophilic epithelial cells, amyloid and calcification with Ki-67 value<5%. Among 4 cases with follow-up information, 1 case recurred after 1 year and 3 cases did not recur for 3 to 8 years. In 2 cases of clear cell CEOT, they both occurred in the periphery of mandible, pathologically showing a mix of lamellar balloon-like clear cells and typical CEOT, positive for CK5/6 and p63 in the area where the epithelial cells and clear cells were located, scattered positive for periodic acid-Schiff (PAS) in clear cells, which indicated the presence of glycogen. The maximum Ki-67 value was 5% in this type. One case lost to follow-up and the other case did not recur for 1 year follow-up after surgery. In 2 cases of Langerhans cell-rich variant of CEOT, they were cystic solid lesions and both occurred in the anterior maxilla. Langerhans cells were scattered in the epithelium and non-calcified amyloid glomeruli were present. Two cases were followed up for 1 year and 2 years without recurrence after surgery. One case of non-calcified CEOT that occurs within the jan showed invasion of surrounding soft tissues and the highest of Ki-67 value at 8% in all 11 cases without recurrence at 1 year follow-up. Conclusions: The histological pattern of classic CEOT is unique, and it is necessary to prompt the understanding of several histological variants derived from it.


Assuntos
Tumores Odontogênicos , Neoplasias Cutâneas , Humanos , Masculino , Feminino , Adulto Jovem , Adulto , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Estudos Retrospectivos , Antígeno Ki-67 , Tumores Odontogênicos/cirurgia , Neoplasias Cutâneas/patologia
2.
Ann Oncol ; 2022 Nov 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36400384

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Neoadjuvant therapy is recommended for locally advanced esophageal cancer, but the optimal strategy remains unclear. We aimed to evaluate the safety and efficacy of neoadjuvant chemoradiotherapy (nCRT) vs neoadjuvant chemotherapy (nCT) followed by minimally invasive esophagectomy (MIE) for locally advanced esophageal squamous cell carcinoma (ESCC). PATIENTS AND METHODS: Eligible patients staged as cT3-4aN0-1M0 ESCC were randomly assigned (1:1) to the nCRT or nCT group stratified by age, cN stage and centers. The chemotherapy, based on paclitaxel and cisplatin, was administered to both groups, while concurrent radiotherapy added for nCRT group; then MIE was performed. The primary endpoint was 3-year overall survival. This study is registered with ClinicalTrials.gov, NCT03001596. RESULTS: A total of 264 patients were eligible for the intention-to-treat analysis. By November 30, 2021, 121 deaths had occurred. The median follow-up was 43.9 months (interquartile range, 36.6-49.3 months). The overall survival in the intention-to-treat population were comparable between nCRT and nCT strategy (hazard ratio [HR], 0.82; 95% CI, 0.58-1.18; P = 0.28), with a 3-year survival rate of 64.1% (95% CI, 56.4% to 72.9%) vs. 54.9% (95% CI, 47.0% to 64.2%), respectively. There were also no differences in progression-free survival (HR, 0.83; 95% CI, 0.59-1.16; P = 0.27) and recurrence-free survival (HR, 1.07; 95% CI, 0.71-1.60; P = 0.75), although the pathological complete response (pCR) in the nCRT group (27.7%, 31/112) was significantly higher than that in the nCT group (2.9%, 3/104) (P < 0.001). Besides, a trend of lower risk of recurrence was observed in the nCRT group (P = 0.063), while the recurrence pattern was similar (P = 0.802). CONCLUSIONS: NCRT followed by MIE was not associated with significantly better overall survival than nCT among patients with cT3-4aN0-1M0 ESCC. The results underscore the pending issue of the best strategy of neoadjuvant therapy for locally advanced bulky ESCC.

3.
Zhonghua Er Bi Yan Hou Tou Jing Wai Ke Za Zhi ; 57(11): 1294-1303, 2022 Nov 07.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36404654

RESUMO

Objective: To evaluate the efficiency of internal carotid artery (ICA) embolization technology in endoscopic salvage surgery for recurrent nasopharyngeal carcinoma (rNPC) invading the ICA. Methods: From January 2016 to March 2021, 83 patients with rNPC who invaded the ICA and underwent endoscopic extended nasopharyngectomy were retrospectively collected from the Eye & ENT Hospital in Fudan University, including 60 males and 23 females. The age of the patients ranged from 27 to 77 years. The standard of ICA invasion was that the distance from the lesion to the ICA on enhanced MRI was ≤ 1.8 mm. The clinical characteristics, ICA management strategy and survival prognosis of patients were analyzed, and the effectiveness of ICA embolization was evaluated. Kaplan-Meier method was used to calculate the survival rate and Log-rank test was used to compare the difference. Results: In 83 patients with rNPC, there were 13 patients with rT2, 38 patients with rT3, 32 patients with rT4, and 16 patients had lymph node metastasis. A total of 37 patients (44.6%) underwent ICA coil embolization before surgery, of which 2 cases underwent external carotid-middle cerebral artery artery bypass grafting and ICA embolization due to positive balloon occlusion test (BOT). Patients with positive surgical margin accounted for 24.1% (20/83). Among them, patients with rT4 and patients without ICA embolization had a higher positive rate of surgical margin (P value was 0.001, 0.043, respectively). The 3-year overall survival (OS) and progression free survival (PFS) rate of all patients was 46.5% and 26.7%, respectively. In addition, the 3-year OS and PFS of patients with ICA embolization was significantly higher than those without ICA embolization, respectively (69.1% vs 27.8%, P=0.003; 33.9% vs 18.9%, P=0.018). Only 2 patients (2/37, 5.4%) had cerebral infarction complications after coil embolization of the affected ICA due to negative BOT. Conclusion: Preoperative ICA embolization can be used to treat patients with rNPC invading the ICA, improve the total removal rate and survival rate of patients, which is an effective salvage treatment.


Assuntos
Neoplasias Nasofaríngeas , Terapia de Salvação , Humanos , Masculino , Feminino , Adulto , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Idoso , Carcinoma Nasofaríngeo , Estudos Retrospectivos , Artéria Carótida Interna , Recidiva Local de Neoplasia/cirurgia , Neoplasias Nasofaríngeas/patologia
4.
Eur Rev Med Pharmacol Sci ; 26(21): 8073-8086, 2022 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36394757

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: Traditional diagnostic strategies are unable to accurately discriminate between patients with poor and satisfied prognosis in colon cancer. Therefore, it is urgently recommended to identify new biomarkers in favor of better selection of patients at higher risk of recurrence or poor outcomes, with the aim of early intervention or avoiding overtreatment. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The weighted gene correlation network analysis (WGCNA), together with the proportion of tumor infiltrating immune cells, were employed to screen the key module related to immune infiltration. Using these genes among the key module, a predictive signature was generated via LASSO and multi-Cox regression method. Moreover, a novel nomogram was further developed by combining important clinical parameters and the predictive signature. RESULTS: Genes among the green module, indicating the highest correlation with regulatory T cells (Tregs), were incorporated into the establishment of predictive model. Then, a Tregs-related risk signature (TRRS) consisting of four genes (NRG1, TEX11, OVOL3 and FCRL2) was established, which performed well in predicting the mortality risk of colon cancer in both internal and external validation groups (p=0.004 for TCGA training set, p=0.016 for TCGA testing set and p=0.03 for GSE39582 dataset). Combining TNM stage and age, we developed a nomogram for 1-, 3-, 5-year OS, presenting a more reliable predictive performance in survival based on the receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curves and calibration curves (3-year AUC: 0.83 and 0.74 in the TCGA and GEO database, respectively). CONCLUSIONS: We constructed a four-gene signature for predicting the prognosis of patients with colon cancer, and further developed the nomogram together with TNM stage and age to improve the predictive efficacy.


Assuntos
Neoplasias do Colo , Nomogramas , Humanos , Linfócitos T Reguladores , Prognóstico , Curva ROC , Neoplasias do Colo/diagnóstico , Neoplasias do Colo/genética
6.
Public Health ; 213: 12-18, 2022 Oct 27.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36332412

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: The study aimed to gain an insight into the utilisation, self-perceived needs, and attitudes towards and influencing factors of assistive device (AD) usage among community-dwelling older adults in China. STUDY DESIGN: This is a cross-sectional study. METHODS: A total of 5790 elderly people from eight communities within three provinces in China were recruited by convenience sampling. Utilisation, needs and attitudes towards ADs were assessed by a questionnaire designed by the authors. Barthel activities of daily living scale was used to determine disability, whereas cognitive function was assessed with the Mini-Mental State Examination. The impact of participant characteristics, enabling factors and demand factors on the utilisation of ADs were assessed by univariate and multifactor analyses. RESULTS: The prevalence of AD ownership among participants was 10.9% (n = 634), whereas the self-perceived need for ADs was 46.1% (n = 2670). Most participants had negative attitudes towards ADs, with only 37.6% (n = 2175) of participants believing that ADs were of significant help. Factors influencing the usage of ADs included participant characteristics (age, occupation, living area, education), enabling factors (economic situation, number of children) and demand factors (activities of daily living score, attitudes, self-perceived needs). CONCLUSIONS: Although ADs for the elderly in China have become more affordable and accessible after a series of reforms, there remains a gap in AD services resulting in low AD utilisation, high self-perceived needs and misconceptions of ADs. Certain factors influencing the use of ADs are more significant than others. The findings from this study will be informative for healthcare providers and decision-makers when designing strategies to achieve universal elderly AD usage.

7.
Public Health ; 213: 163-170, 2022 Nov 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36423494

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: The relationship between maternal alcohol consumption and postpartum depression (PPD) is still controversial. The objective of the present study was to assess the association between maternal alcohol consumption and the risk of developing PPD by means of a meta-analysis of cohort studies. STUDY DESIGN: This was a meta-analysis. METHODS: PubMed, Web of Science, Embase, Cochrane Library, China Biology Medicine disc, Chinese National Knowledge Infrastructure, Weipu, and Wanfang databases were searched up to February 4, 2021, to identify relevant studies that evaluated the association between maternal alcohol consumption and PPD. Meta-analysis was conducted using RevMan software and Stata software. Subgroup and sensitivity analyses were performed to explore the potential heterogeneity source, and Begg's funnel plots and Begg's linear regression test were conducted to assess the potential publication bias. RESULTS: A total of 12 studies involving 50,377 participants were identified in our study. Overall, pregnant women who were exposed to alcohol were at a significantly greater risk of developing PPD compared with those who did not consume alcohol (odds ratio = 1.21; 95% confidence interval: 1.04-1.41; P = 0.020). CONCLUSIONS: Maternal alcohol consumption is significantly associated with the risk of developing PPD. These results emphasize the necessity of enhancing health awareness, improving the public health policies and regulations concerning alcohol use, and strengthening the prevention and intervention of maternal alcohol consumption to promote maternal mental health.

8.
Artigo em Inglês, Espanhol | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36319557

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: We performed a meta-analysis to evaluate the effect of en-bloc transurethral resection vs. conventional transurethral resection for primary non-muscle invasive bladder cancer. METHODS: A systematic literature search up to January 2022 was done and 28 studies included 3714 primary non-muscle invasive bladder cancer subjects at the start of the study; 1870 of them were en-bloc transurethral resection, and 1844 were conventional transurethral resection for primary non-muscle invasive bladder cancer. We calculated the odds-ratio (OR) and mean-difference (MD) with 95% confidence-intervals (CIs) to evaluate the effect of en-bloc transurethral resection compared with conventional transurethral resection for primary non-muscle invasive bladder cancer by the dichotomous or continuous methods with random or fixed-effects models. RESULTS: En-bloc transurethral resection had significantly lower twenty-four-month recurrence (OR: 0.63; 95%CI: 0.50-0.78; p < 0.001), catheterization-time (MD: -0.66; 95%CI: -1.02-[-0.29]; p < 0.001), length of hospital stay (MD: -0.95; 95%CI: -1.55-[-0.34]; p = 0.002), postoperative bladder irrigation duration (MD: -6.06; 95%CI: -9.45-[-2.67]; p < 0.001), obturator nerve reflex (OR: 0.08; 95%CI: 0.02-0.34; p = 0.03), and bladder perforation (OR: 0.14; 95%CI: 0.06-0.36: p < 0.001) and no significant difference in the 12-month-recurrence (OR: 0.79; 95%CI: 0.61-1.04; p = 0.09), the operation time (MD: 0.67; 95%CI: -1.92 to 3.25; p = 0.61), and urethral stricture (OR: 0.46; 95%CI: 0.14-1.47; p = 0.0.19) compared with conventional transurethral resection for primary non-muscle invasive bladder cancer subjects. CONCLUSIONS: En-bloc transurethral resection had a significantly lower twenty-four-month recurrence, catheterization time, length of hospital stay, postoperative bladder irrigation duration, obturator nerve reflex, bladder perforation, and no significant difference in the twelve-month recurrence, operation time, and urethral stricture compared with conventional transurethral resection for primary non-muscle invasive bladder cancer subjects. Further studies are required.

9.
Zhonghua Er Ke Za Zhi ; 60(11): 1134-1139, 2022 Nov 02.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36319146

RESUMO

Objective: To analyze the follow-up and clinical effect of multidisciplinary treatment on the children with spinal muscular atrophy (SMA). Methods: The clinical data including nutritional status, respiratory function, bone health and motor function of 45 children with SMA who received multidisciplinary management 1-year follow-up in the Children's Hospital, Zhejiang University School of Medicine from July 2019 to October 2021 were retrospectively collected. Comparisons before and after management were performed using paired-samples t-test or Wilcoxon rank-sum test, etc. Results: The age of 45 patients (25 boys and 20 girls) was 50.4 (33.6, 84.0) months at the enrollment, with 6 cases of type 1, 22 cases of type 2, and 17 cases of type 3 respectively. After the multidisciplinary management, the cases of SMA patients with malnutrition decreased from 22 to 12 (P=0.030), the level of vitamin D were significantly increased ((45±17) vs. (48±14) nmol/L, t=-4.13, P<0.001). There was no significant difference in the forced vital capacity %pred, the forced expiratory volume at 1 second %pred, and the peak expiratory flow %pred ((76±19)% and (76±21)%, (81±18)% and (79±18)%, (81±21)% and (78±17)%; t=-0.24, 1.36, 1.21; all P>0.05). The Cobbs angle of scoliosis also improved significantly (8.0°(0°, 13.0°) vs. 10.0°(0°, 18.5°), Z=-3.01, P=0.003). The Hammersmith functional motor scale expanded scores of children with SMA type 2 and type 3 both showed significant elevation (11.0 (8.0, 18.0) vs. 11.0 (5.0, 18.5) scores, 44.0 (36.5, 53.0) vs. 44.0 (34.0, 51.5) scores, Z=2.44, 3.11, P=0.015, 0.002). Conclusion: Multidisciplinary management is beneficial for delaying the progression of the multi-system impairments of SMA patients, such as malnutrition, restrictive ventilation dysfunction and scoliosis.


Assuntos
Desnutrição , Atrofia Muscular Espinal , Escoliose , Criança , Masculino , Feminino , Humanos , Pré-Escolar , Estudos Retrospectivos , Seguimentos
10.
Zhonghua Yi Xue Za Zhi ; 102(40): 3181-3185, 2022 Nov 01.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36319171

RESUMO

Objective: To analyze the clinical features and risk factors of herpes zoster and the risk factors of postherpetic neuralgia (PHN). Methods: A total of 2 840 patients diagnosed with herpes zoster in Peking University People's Hospital from January 2021 to April 2022 were included. The patients with herpes zoster were aged (59±16), and of which 1 314 (46.3%) patients were male. The patients were divided into PHN group and non-PHN group according to whether the patients with herpes zoster developed PHN. And there were 442 (15.6%) patients developed PHN aged (68±12), and of which 189 (42.8%) were male. The information and medical history of PHN group and non-PHN group were collected. The information of the use of glucocorticoids, immunosuppressive agents, biological agents and targeted medicine within 2 months before herpes zoster occurred, history of surgery within 6 months before herpes zoster occurred, and the duration of PHN were collected. Logistic regression analysis was used to analyze the risk factors of PHN. Results: Out of 2 840 patients, 2 056 (72.4%) with herpes zoster aged 50 years and above. Intercostal nerves was mostly involved in patients with herpes zoster, with a total of 1 532(53.9%). Hypertension (465 cases, 16.4%) accounted for the highest number of patients with chronic diseases, followed by diabetes (337 cases, 11.9%) and coronary heart disease (283 cases, 10.0%). Rheumatoid arthritis (41 cases, 1.4%) accounted for the highest number of patients with connective tissue diseases, followed by Sjogren's syndrome (31 cases, 1.1%), systemic lupus erythematosus (28 cases, 1.0%). Logistic regression analysis showed that age≥50 years old (OR: 4.581; 95%CI: 3.131-6.705),lesion on the upper limb and shoulder (OR: 1.858; 95%CI: 1.129-3.059), hypertension (OR: 1.963; 95%CI: 1.513-2.546) and immunosuppressive treatments (OR: 2.170; 95%CI: 1.254-3.753) were independent risk factors for PHN (all P<0.05). Conclusions: Herpes zoster mostly occurs in people aged 50 and above, and mainly affected intercostal nerves. The most common complications are hypertension and rheumatoid arthritis. Age≥50, lesion on upper limbs and shoulders, hypertension, and immunosuppressive treatments may be independent risk factors of PHN.


Assuntos
Artrite Reumatoide , Herpes Zoster , Hipertensão , Neuralgia Pós-Herpética , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Feminino , Neuralgia Pós-Herpética/complicações , Herpes Zoster/complicações , Herpesvirus Humano 3 , Fatores de Risco , Hipertensão/complicações , Artrite Reumatoide/complicações
11.
Zhonghua Yi Xue Za Zhi ; 102(41): 3304-3311, 2022 Nov 08.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36319183

RESUMO

Objective: To investigate the efficacy and safety of daratumumab in relapsed/refractory multiple myeloma (RRMM) patients. Methods: Fifty-two RRMM patients treated with daratumumab from September 2019 to November 2021 in West China Hospital were retrospectively enrolled, including 31 males and 21 females. The mean age of these patients at the first diagnosis of multiple myeloma was (58±10) years. According to the dosage of daratumumab, patients were divided into low dosage group (n=10) and high dosage group (n=42). Overall response rate (ORR), progression-free survival (PFS), overall survival (OS), and adverse event rates were investigated. Univariate and multivariate analysis of potential factors were conducted. Results: Of the 52 patients, 8 received daratumumab monotherapy, 27 received daratumumab plus immuno-modulatory drug (IMiD) treatment, 4 received daratumumab plus proteosome inhibitor (PI) treatment, and 11 received daratumumab plus dexamethasone treatment. The diagnosis age of high dosage group patients was (57±9) years, which was significantly younger than that of low dosage group [(66±10) years] (P=0.009). The baseline creatinine level of high dosage group patients [M (Q1, Q3)] was 91 (68, 196) µmol/L, which was significantly higher than that of low dosage group [66 (51, 76) µmol/L] (P=0.021). There was no significant difference in other baseline clinical characteristics, previous treatment regimens, previous lines of treatment, and regimen and cycles of daratumumab between the high dosage group and low dosage group (all P>0.05). The ORR for the 52 patients was 71.2% (37/52). The ORR for daratumumab plus IMiD group was 81.5% (22/27), which was significantly higher than that in monotherapy or dexamethasone group [ORR: 52.6% (10/19), P=0.036). With a median follow-up [M (Q1, Q3)] of 7 (5, 26) months, the median PFS for overall cohort was 17 (95%CI: 9.6-24.4) months. The median PFS for daratumumab plus IMiD group was 26 (95%CI: 6.0-46.0) months, which was significantly better than that in monotherapy or dexamethasone group [12 (95%CI: 3.5-20.5) months] (HR=0.231, 95%CI: 0.075-0.715, P=0.011). Higher diagnosis age was the risk factor of progression (HR=1.085, 95%CI: 1.016-1.158, P=0.014), while more cycles of daratumumab treatment was the protective factor of progression (HR=0.669, 95%CI: 0.495-0.904, P=0.009). There was no significant influence of daratumumab dosage on progression (high dosage vs low dosage, HR=1.016, 95%CI: 0.221-4.668, P=0.984). The median OS for overall cohort was 26 (95%CI: 13.1-38.9) months. Higher serum calcium was the independent risk factor of death (HR=12.190, 95%CI: 1.170-127.048, P=0.037). There was no significant influence of daratumumab dosage on death (high dosage vs low dosage, HR=0.818, 95%CI: 0.171-3.917, P=0.802). Adverse events included infections (43.2%, 16/37), infusion-associated reactions (29.7%, 11/37), and thrombocytopenia (27.0%, 10/37). Conclusions: Daratumumab is effective to treat RRMM. The dosage of daratumumab has no significant influence on prognosis when used in combined treatment. The incidence of adverse events is relatively low, with a favorable safety profile.


Assuntos
Mieloma Múltiplo , Masculino , Feminino , Humanos , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Idoso , Mieloma Múltiplo/tratamento farmacológico , Mieloma Múltiplo/etiologia , Estudos Retrospectivos , Anticorpos Monoclonais/efeitos adversos , Protocolos de Quimioterapia Combinada Antineoplásica/uso terapêutico , Dexametasona/uso terapêutico
12.
Zhonghua Yi Xue Za Zhi ; 102(40): 3192-3200, 2022 Nov 01.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36319173

RESUMO

Objective: To systematically evaluate the efficacy and safety of different doses of antiviral drugs in the treatment of herpes zoster. Methods: PubMed, EMBASE, Cochrane Library, VIP, CNKI and WanFang database up to April 9, 2022 were searched. Two reviewers selected the studies according to inclusion and exclusion criteria, and the Cochrane bias risk assessment tool was used for quality evaluation. Data were analyzed by Revman 5.4 software for meta-analysis. The qualitative data used relative risk (RR) as the effect index, and the quantitative data used mean difference (MD) as the effect index. The point estimates and 95%CI of each effect were given. Results: Fourteen randomized controlled trials with 1 831 patients were included in the study. Compared with the 200 mg acyclovir with five times a day, the 800 mg can improve the effective rate, shorten the blister stopping time (MD=-1.29, 95%CI:-1.62- -0.96, P<0.001), relieve the pain faster (MD=-2.73, 95%CI:-4.37- -1.09, P=0.001), shorten the scabbing time (MD=-2.42, 95%CI:-2.96- -1.89, P<0.001) without increasing the adverse reaction rate (RR=1.64, 95%CI:0.80-3.36, P=0.17); Compared with the 300 mg valaciclovir with twice daily, the 900-1 000 mg valaciclovir with three times a day can improve the effective rate(RR=1.17, 95%CI:1.04-1.32, P=0.007), shorten the blister stopping time (MD=-1.53, 95%CI:-2.54- -0.51, P=0.003), relieve the pain faster (MD=-1.04, 95%CI:-1.30- -0.77, P<0.001), shorten the scabbing time (MD=-1.78, 95%CI:-2.80- -0.76, P<0.001), reduce the incidence of postherpetic neuralgia(RR=0.28, 95%CI:0.15-0.52, P<0.001) without increasing the adverse reaction rate (RR=1.47, 95%CI:0.93-2.32, P=0.10); In immunocompromised patients, compared with 1 000 mg valaciclovir with three times a day, 2 000 mg cannot significantly improve the treatment efficacy. There was no significant difference among the efficacy of 250 mg, 500 mg and 750 mg famciclovir, three times a day, in the treatment of herpes zoster. Conclusion: The 800 mg acyclovir with five times a day; 900-1 000 mg valaciclovir and 250 mg famciclovir with three times a day, are better choices in the treatment of herpes zoster.


Assuntos
Antivirais , Herpes Zoster , Humanos , Aciclovir , Antivirais/efeitos adversos , Vesícula , Famciclovir , Herpes Zoster/tratamento farmacológico , Neuralgia Pós-Herpética , Ensaios Clínicos Controlados Aleatórios como Assunto , Valaciclovir
13.
Zhonghua Yan Ke Za Zhi ; 58(11): 896-906, 2022 Nov 11.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36348526

RESUMO

Objective: To evaluate the prevalence and relevant factors of primary angle-closure glaucoma (PACG) in the middle-aged and elderly (40 years old and above) Chinese population. Methods: Epidemiological literature (of English and/or Chinese language) on prevalence of PACG in China between 2000 and 2022 were retrieved from PubMed, Embase, Web of Science, CNKI, and Wanfang database. Two researchers conducted the process of document retrieval, inclusion, quality assessment and data extraction independently based on inclusion and exclusion criteria. Disagreement was resolved by consensus with a third researcher. The heterogeneity among studies was assessed by using the I2 statistics, and a corresponding model was used for the meta-analysis. Subgroup analysis (gender, age, survey date, place of residence, diagnostic criteria, and temperature zone), as well as sensitivity analysis and publication bias analysis, were conducted. Results: Twenty-three studies were included in this research. Among them, eight were of high-quality and fifteen were of middle-quality. In the past 20 years, the PACG prevalence in middle-aged and elderly (40 years and older) Chinese population was 1.35% (95%CI:1.08% to 1.61%). Chinese women (1.40%) were more likely to have PACG than men (0.96%, P<0.01). The PACG prevalence had a positive correlation with age (P<0.01). The prevalence was similar between urban (1.3%) and rural (1.2%, P=0.61) areas. The PACG prevalence from studies in which the diagnostic criteria of PACG requested the symptom of vision or optic nerve damage (1.1%) was lower than that those without such requirement (1.7%, P<0.01). In mid-temperate zone, the prevalence was higher (1.7%, P=0.02). Conclusions: The PACG prevalence in middle-aged and elderly (40 years old and above) Chinese population was 1.35% in the last 20 years. The prevalence of PACG varies across age, regions, and other variations. This risk is higher in the elderly, women, and people in cold regions among Chinese population.


Assuntos
Glaucoma de Ângulo Fechado , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Idoso , Masculino , Feminino , Humanos , Adulto , Glaucoma de Ângulo Fechado/epidemiologia , Glaucoma de Ângulo Fechado/diagnóstico , Prevalência , Idioma , População Rural , China/epidemiologia
14.
Zhonghua Jie He He Hu Xi Za Zhi ; 45(11): 1140-1146, 2022 Nov 12.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36344231

RESUMO

Laryngotracheal stenosis is caused by various reasons of laryngotracheal cartilage stent malformation, collapse or defect, laryngotracheal mucosa scar formation or submucosal tissue hyperplasia, eventually resulting in dyspnea. Subglottic stenosis refers to the airway stenosis from subglottic to the lower margin of the cricoid cartilage, which is a special type of laryngotracheal stenosis. The most common cause is iatrogenic injury, such as prolonged tracheal intubation and tracheotomy. Currently, the main treatments include surgical treatment, tracheostomy, endoscope-guided stent implantation and drug therapy. As for the patients who have dyspnea not suitable for surgery or in urgent need of preoperative transitional treatment, stent implantation guided by respiratory endoscopy has become an important treatment. In this paper, we reviewed 51 literatures on stent implantation of subglottic stenosis since 1994 retrieved from PubMed, CBM, CNIT, Wan-fang and VIP databases, focusing on the comparison of the efficacy, complications and prognosis of metal stent, hourglass-shaped DUMON stent, straight-type DUMON stent and Montgomery T tube and investigated the clinical application of endoscope-guided stent implantation in subglottic airway stenosis. Literature studies have shown that compared with DUMON silicone stents and metal stents, T tube has more significant advantages, higher treatment success rate and lower complication rate. Therefore, Montgomery T tube is more suitable for long-term treatment of patients with subglottic stenosis. With the improvement and update of new technology and materials, the vigorous development of new airway stents also provides a new stent treatment mode with better histocompatibility, fewer complications and customized options for the patients with subglottic stenosis.


Assuntos
Laringoestenose , Estenose Traqueal , Humanos , Constrição Patológica , Laringoestenose/cirurgia , Laringoestenose/etiologia , Estenose Traqueal/cirurgia , Stents/efeitos adversos , Dispneia/complicações
15.
Zhonghua Bing Li Xue Za Zhi ; 51(11): 1141-1146, 2022 Nov 08.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36323544

RESUMO

Objective: To investigate the histopathologic, immunohistochemical, molecular genetic characteristics of CIC-rearranged sarcoma (CRS) with rhabdoid features. Methods: The clinical and pathologic data of two cases of CRS diagnosed between 2019 and 2021 at the Department of Pathology, Jiangsu Province Hospital were analyzed. Immunohistochemical study and fluorescence in situ hybridization (FISH) were performed. The relevant literature was reviewed. Results: Both patients were female, one was 58 years old, with tumor located in left thigh; the other was 43 years old, with tumor located in left pelvic cavity. Microscopically, both tumors were composed of small to medium-sized round, oval cells, arranged in nodules or sheets. The tumor cells showed irregular nuclear outline, coarse chromatin with prominent nucleoli and brisk mitotic activity. Both cases showed rhabdoid phenotype with myxoid stromal changes. Immunohistochemically, both cases were positive for CD99 and c-myc. High WT1 reactivity was seen in classic area, with low reactivity in rhabdoid area. There was no INI1 lost in both cases. Both were negative for NKX2.2 and NKX3.1. By FISH both cases demonstrated convincing break-apart signals of CIC gene. One patient died of disease after 1 month, and the other died of disease after 3 months. Conclusions: CRS is a small round cell undifferentiated sarcoma of the bone and soft tissue defined by molecular genetic characteristics, and may show atypical morphologic and immunophenotypic characteristics such as rhabdoid features. A correct understanding of its rare morphologic and immunophenotypic characteristics, combined with molecular pathologic detection, is conducive to correct diagnosis.


Assuntos
Sarcoma de Células Pequenas , Sarcoma , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Biomarcadores Tumorais/genética , Biomarcadores Tumorais/análise , Hibridização in Situ Fluorescente , Sarcoma/patologia , Sarcoma de Células Pequenas/diagnóstico , Sarcoma de Células Pequenas/genética , Sarcoma de Células Pequenas/patologia , Fatores de Transcrição/genética , Tumor Rabdoide/diagnóstico , Tumor Rabdoide/genética , Tumor Rabdoide/patologia
16.
Zhonghua Yi Xue Za Zhi ; 102(39): 3073-3079, 2022 Oct 25.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36274592

RESUMO

Hyperalgesia is an occult complication during the treatment of cancer pain, not only related to opioids, but also pertaining to the tumor itself and cancer therapeutic drugs. Yet it is often ignored by clinicians. Patients with cancer pain who were treated with opioids often have sensory abnormalities presented with reduced pain threshold and increased sensitivity to nociceptive stimuli. This phenomenon is clinically called opioid-induced hyperalgesia (OIH). However, due to the complexity of pathogenesis and the lack of clinical diagnostic criteria, the pain management of cancer patients is still facing great challenges. Therefore, this article focuses on the clinical diagnosis, pathogenesis, prevention and treatment of hyperalgesia related to cancer pain treatment, in order to provide a basis for optimal use of opioids in the future.


Assuntos
Dor do Câncer , Neoplasias , Humanos , Hiperalgesia/tratamento farmacológico , Analgésicos Opioides/efeitos adversos , Dor do Câncer/tratamento farmacológico , Dor , Manejo da Dor , Neoplasias/complicações
17.
Zhonghua Yi Xue Za Zhi ; 102(39): 3134-3142, 2022 Oct 25.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36274598

RESUMO

Objective: To observe the lipid metabolism characteristics of tumor-associated macrophages (TAM) after malignant transformation in the glioma micro-environment, and analyze the biological phenotype changes and regulatory mechanisms after inhibiting the lipid metabolism remodeling. Methods: Twelve male Balb/c mice of 6-8 weeks were used in the study. Macrophages (Mφ) were derived from mouse bone marrow, and malignantly transformed macrophages (tMφ1 and tMφ2) were cloned from the model of glioma stem cell (GSC) through interaction with Mφ in vivo and in vitro. Intracellular lipid droplet formation and cellular cholesterol content were measured respectively in Mφ, tMφ1 and tMφ2. qRT-PCR was performed to detect the genes expression level related with lipid metabolism, including sterol regulatory element binding protein (SREBP), fatty acid synthase (FASN), and 3-hydroxy-3-methylglutarate monoacyl coenzyme A reductase (HMG-CoA). Simvastatin (SIM) was used to analyze the proliferation, immigration and invasiveness ability in tMφ1 and tMφ2 after inhibition of the lipid metabolism. Differential expression profiles of miRNAs after SIM treatment were constructed in t-Mφ1 and bio-informatics analysis was screened and verified for miR449a and its target gene sorting micro-tubule connectin 17 (SNX17) associated with lipid metabolism remodeling. The effect on SNX17 by up-regulated miR-449a were analyzed by qRT-PCR and Western blot, meanwhile, the biological phenotype and cholesterol content were observed after up-regulation of miR449a. Low-density lipoprotein receptor (LDLR) protein levels after SNX17 knockdown and intracellular cholesterol content after LDLR knockdown were detected respectively. Results: The numbers of intracellular lipid droplet formation in tMφ1 and tMφ2 were more than that in Mφ (P<0.001). Likewise, the relative contents of cholesterol (3.89±0.68 and 3.56±0.53), SREBP (4.78±0.60 and 2.84±0.41), FASN (4.65±0.70 and 3.01±0.45), and HMG-CoA (5.74±0.55 and 2.97±0.34) were significantly higher in tMφ1 and tMφ2 than those of Mφ (1.01 wel, 1.02 wel and 0.99 wel, respectively) (all P<0.001). The proliferation rates of tMφ1 and tMφ2 decreased from (47.06±5.88) % and (45.29±5.64)% to (23.53±4.70)% and (18.74±5.76)%, respectively after treatment with SIM (both P<0.05). The numbers of migrated cells decreased from 1 025±138 and 350±47 to 205±63 and 99±25, respectively (both P<0.001). And the numbers of invasiveness cells decreased from 919±45 and 527±34 to 220±23 and 114±21, respectively (both P<0.001). While the relative intracellular cholesterol content decreased to 0.52±0.08 and 0.58±0.07 (both P<0.05), respectively. MiR-449a was screened from tMφ1 by SIM, and the target gene was analyzed and verified to be SNX17. SNX17 expression was down-regulated, and the proliferation rate, the number of migration and invasiveness was significantly decreased after miR-449a over-expression (all P<0.05). Low-density lipoprotein receptor (LDLR) expression was down-regulated after knock-down of SNX17, while the cholesterol content was decreased after knock-down of LDLR in tMφ1 and tMφ2 (all P<0.05). Conclusions: Malignantly transformed TAMs undergo lipid metabolism remodeling characterized with enhanced lipid metabolism. MiR-449a regulates the LDLR by targeting SNX17, thereby affecting the lipid metabolism of malignantly transformed macrophages, and subsequently inhibiting its proliferation, migration, and invasion ability. Precise intervention with miR-449a/SNX17/LDLR axis could provide an experimental basis for reversing its tumor-promoting micro-environment remodeled by GSC through metabolic intervention.


Assuntos
Glioma , MicroRNAs , Camundongos , Animais , Masculino , Metabolismo dos Lipídeos/genética , Conectina/metabolismo , Proteína de Ligação a Elemento Regulador de Esterol 1/genética , Proteína de Ligação a Elemento Regulador de Esterol 1/metabolismo , Colesterol , Transformação Celular Neoplásica , MicroRNAs/genética , Macrófagos/metabolismo , Ácido Graxo Sintases/metabolismo , Sinvastatina , Oxirredutases/metabolismo , Lipoproteínas LDL/metabolismo , Coenzima A/metabolismo , Microambiente Tumoral
18.
Braz J Biol ; 82: e261331, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36228284

RESUMO

The dry root of Astragalus mongholicus has therapeutic effects such as tonifing the middle - jiao, replenishing qi, solidifing the surface, promoting diuresis, dispelling sepsis outwards and nourishing muscle. There are some slices having black spots after slicing the root of astragalus. The diversity of endophytic fungi between slices with black spots and normal slices was analysed in this paper. The endophytic fungal sequences obtained by high-throughput sequencing were 298,044 and 297,396, and the 116 OTU subsets obtained after clustering belonged to 3 phyla, 9 classes, 22 orders, 38 families and 46 genera. The dominant classes were Eurotiomycetes and Leotiomycetes. The dominant order is Eurotiales and Helotiales. The dominant families are Helotiales_fam_Incertae_sedis and Aspergillaceae. The dominant genera are Cadophora and Aspergillus. There are some peculiar fungal flora in both normal slices and spotted slices. The study on endophytic fungi diversity of astragalus slices will provide some help for drug development of this plant.


Assuntos
Astragalus propinquus , Plantas , Aspergillus , Fungos/genética , Humanos
19.
J Endocrinol Invest ; 2022 Oct 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36219314

RESUMO

PURPOSE: This study aimed to examine the modifiable predictors of T2DM and the roles of insulin resistance (IR) and ß-cell function over a 6-year study and 30-year follow-up. METHODS: A total of 462 non-diabetic participants, 282 with impaired glucose tolerance (IGT), and 180 with normal glucose tolerance (NGT) were enrolled in this analysis. The Matsuda IR index and area under the curve of insulin-to-glucose ratio (AUCI/G-R) were used as IR and ß-cell function indices in the analysis. RESULTS: In all participants, multivariable analysis showed that BMI, glucose status, Matsuda IR index and systolic blood pressure (SBP) at baseline were independently associated with an increased risk of T2DM over 30 years, whereas lifestyle intervention and AUCI/G-R were inversely associated with this risk. The predictive effect of the Matsuda IR index and AUCI/G-R in participants with IGT was consistent with the results of all participants, whereas in those with NGT, only the Matsuda IR index, not the AUCI/G-R, predicted the development of T2DM (HR = 1.42, 95% CI 1.07-1.89 vs HR = 1.09, 95% CI 0.76-1.56). The predictive effect of the Matsuda IR index on T2DM existed even in participants with BMI < 25 (p = 0.049). CONCLUSION: The modifiable predictors of T2DM in Chinese adults were high BMI, hypertension, mild hyperglycaemia, IR, and ß-cell dysfunction. Both IR and ß-cell function contributed to the development of T2DM in the long term; however, IR remains the initial and long-standing key risk factor for T2DM.

20.
Appl Opt ; 61(13): 3679-3686, 2022 May 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36256408

RESUMO

An optical design method of a fully customizable collimating lens is proposed. The initial model of the complete lens is constructed by two parts. One part is calculated by the total internal reflection algorithm; the other part is constructed by trial-and-error method. The lens is further optimized by normal vector correction and high- and low-angle compensation. The optical performance of the fully customizable collimating lens is studied. It is proven to have good collimation performance with a divergence angle of 1.8° at 50% of the maximum luminous intensity; the uniformity is as high as 98.4%.

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