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1.
Eur J Pharmacol ; : 173654, 2020 Oct 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33068589

RESUMO

Tobacco smoke is the major risk factor for developing chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). Viral infection is a major cause of COPD exacerbation, which lacks effective drug treatments. In the present study, to mimic the pathogenesis of COPD, we employed a TLR3 ligand [Poly (I:C), PIC] to mimic viral infection to determine whether it enhances the effects of cigarette smoke (CS)-induced airway inflammation and remodeling. Our results showed that PIC enhanced the effects of cigarette smoke extract (CSE)-induced inflammatory cytokine IL-1ß, TNF-α and IL-8 mRNA expression and remodeling factor E-cadherin, α-SMA and TGF-ß1 mRNA expression with TLR3 upregulation and EGFR phosphorylation in pulmonary epithelial NCI-H292 cells. These responses were inhibited by a TLR3/dsRNA complex inhibitor (TLR3i) or a tyrosine kinase inhibitor icotinib (Ico). Similarly, in the PIC-enhanced CS-induced airway inflammation and remodeling mouse model, treatment with TLR3i or Ico reduced the mRNA and protein expression of the inflammatory cytokines IL-1ß and TNF-α and keratinocyte chemoattractant (KC) and the remodeling factors α-SMA, TGF-ß1, MMP-9 and MUC5AC, while increasing E-cadherin mRNA and protein expression. Furthermore, we found that TLRi and Ico can attenuate the airway hyperreactivity induced by PIC, which is enhanced by CS. Finally, PIC enhanced the effects of CS on TLR3 upregulation and EGFR phosphorylation and significantly increased Erk1/2 and P38 phosphorylation, whereas TLR3i and Ico markedly suppressed TLR3 upregulation and EGFR, Erk1/2 and P38 phosphorylation in the model. Our findings suggest that TLR3/EGFR may be a potential target for the treatment of airway inflammation and remodeling in COPD.

2.
Cell Signal ; 66: 109436, 2020 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31654716

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Severe acute pancreatitis (SAP) is associated with high morbidity and mortality. Bone marrow mesenchymal stem cells (BMSCs) have shown obvious protective effect on SAP. However, little is known about the underlying mechanism. The objective of this study is to unravel the role and regulatory mechanism of miR-181a-5p in BMSCs-mediated pancreatic repair. METHODS: BMSCs were isolated from Sprague-Dawley rats and characterized by flow cytometry and Oil Red O staining. Sodium taurocholate- and caerulein-induced models were used as SAP models in vivo and in vitro, respectively. Pancreatic injury were evaluated by H&E and histopathological analysis, as well as by measuring levels of amylase, lipase and cytokines. qRT-PCR and western blotting were performed to detect the level of miR-181a-5p and the protein levels of PTEN/Akt, respectively. ELISA was conducted to detect the levels of TNF-α, IL-1ß, IL-6, angiopoietin, IL-4, IL-10 and TGF-ß1. The apoptotic rate of AR42J cells was quantitated by concurrent staining with Annexin-V-FITC and PI. RESULTS: BMSCs significantly attenuated pancreatic injury in SAP rats by reducing inflammatory infiltration and necrosis, and this effect was abolished by CXCR4 agonist AMD3100. ADM3100 exhibited more severe pancreatic injury and decreased miR-181a-5p levels in the pancreas and serum compared to SAP group. Overexpression of miR-181a-5p in BMSCs (BMSCs-miR-181a-5p) markedly potentiated the protective effect of BMSCs by reducing histological damage and levels of amylase and lipase. Moreover, BMSCs-miR-181a-5p dramatically reduced levels of angiopoietin, TNF-α, IL-1ß and IL-6, but induced the levels of IL-4 and IL-10. In caerulein-treated AR42J cells, co-culturing of BMSCs-miR-181a-5p alleviated caerulein-induced increase of amylase and lipase, and apoptosis via PTEN/Akt/TGF-ß1 signaling. CONCLUSION: BMSCs alleviate SAP and reduce inflammatory responses and apoptosis by secreting miR-181a-5p to target PTEN/Akt/TGF-ß1 signaling. Hence, BMSCs-miR-181a-5p could serve as potential therapeutic target for SAP.

3.
Chin Med J (Engl) ; 132(15): 1843-1855, 2019 Aug 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31306229

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this review is to stress the complicated interactions between the microbiota and the development of heart failure. Moreover, the feasibility of modulating intestinal microbes and metabolites as novel therapeutic strategies is discussed. DATA SOURCES: This study was based on data obtained from PubMed up to March 31, 2019. Articles were selected using the following search terms: "gut microbiota," "heart failure," "trimethylamine N-oxide (TMAO)," "short-chain fatty acid (SCFA)," "bile acid," "uremic toxin," "treatment," "diet," "probiotic," "prebiotic," "antibiotic," and "fecal microbiota transplantation." RESULTS: Accumulated evidence has revealed that the composition of the gut microbiota varies obviously in people with heart failure compared to those with healthy status. Altered gut microbial communities contribute to heart failure through bacterial translocation or affecting multiple metabolic pathways, including the trimethylamine/TMAO, SCFA, bile acid, and uremic toxin pathways. Meanwhile, modulation of the gut microbiota through diet, pre/probiotics, fecal transplantation, and microbial enzyme inhibitors has become a potential therapeutic approach for many metabolic disorders. Specifically, a few studies have focused on the cardioprotective effects of probiotics on heart failure. CONCLUSIONS: The composition of the gut microbiota in people with heart failure is different from those with healthy status. A reduction in SCFA-producing bacteria in patients with heart failure might be a notable characteristic for patients with heart failure. Moreover, an increase in the microbial potential to produce TMAO and lipopolysaccharides is prominent. More researches focused on the mechanisms of microbial metabolites and the clinical application of multiple therapeutic interventions is necessarily required.


Assuntos
Microbioma Gastrointestinal/fisiologia , Insuficiência Cardíaca/microbiologia , Insuficiência Cardíaca/terapia , Disbiose/microbiologia , Disbiose/terapia , Humanos , Microbiota/fisiologia
4.
Sichuan Da Xue Xue Bao Yi Xue Ban ; 49(3): 414-419, 2018 May.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30014645

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To investigate the levels of serum soluble CD36 (sCD36) in patients of diabetes mellitus (DM) with chronic kidney disease (CKD),and to analyze its correlation with clinical indicators. METHODS: A total of 161 patients with CKD were enrolled in this study. The patients were divided into two groups according to whether they had DM or not: DM+CKD group and non-DM CKD group. The levels of carotid intima-media thickness (IMT) and the combination of atherosclerotic plaques were measured by color Doppler ultrasonography. Serum fasting serum samples were collected and serum sCD36 level was measured by ELISA. the status of serum sCD36 was analyzed with the progress of renal disease,and the correlation of sCD36 level with clinical indicators were analyzed. RESULTS: Among the 161 patients,87 (54%) were DM+CKD and 74 (46%) were non-DM CKD. There was no significant difference in the levels of urea nitrogen (BUN),serum creatinine (sCr),estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR),cystatin C (Cys-C),triglyceride (TG),cholesterol (Chol),low density lipoprotein-chol (LDL-C),urinary albumin/creatinine and IMT in the two groups (P>0.05). Compared with non-DM CKD group,the serum sCD36 level (U/L) in DM+CKD group was lower (4.58±1.06 vs. 4.97±1.28,P<0.05). In DM+CKD group,serum sCD36 was negatively correlated with BUN,sCr and Cys-C (r=⁻0.355,⁻0.336,⁻0.323; P<0.01),and positively correlated with eGFR (r= 0.399; P<0.01),but not with TG,Chol,LDL-C or IMT (P>0.05). In non-DM CKD group,there was a positive correlation between sCD36 and TG,Chol and LDL-C (r= 0.251, 0.298, 0.292; P<0.05),and negatively correlated with Cys-C (r=⁻0.287; P<0.05),but not with eGFR,BUN,sCr or IMT (P>0.05). With the progress of CKD,serum sCD36 levels gradually decreased (P>0.05). CONCLUSION: Serum sCD36 level is associated with renal function in the patients with DM complicated with CKD,but not with lipid indicators.


Assuntos
Antígenos CD36/sangue , Diabetes Mellitus/sangue , Insuficiência Renal Crônica/sangue , Espessura Intima-Media Carotídea , Creatinina/sangue , Cistatina C , Taxa de Filtração Glomerular , Humanos , Lipídeos/sangue , Placa Aterosclerótica/patologia
6.
Nanotechnology ; 29(5): 055401, 2018 Feb 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29135462

RESUMO

The fabrication of a current collector-contained in-plane micro-supercapacitor (MSC) usually requires the patterning of the current collector first and then subsequent patterning of the active material with the assistance of a photoresist and mask. However, this two-step patterning process is too complicated and the photoresist used is harmful to the properties of nanomaterials. Here, we demonstrate a one-step, mask-free strategy to pattern the current collector and the active material at the same time, for the fabrication of an all-solid-state flexible in-plane MSC. Silver nanowires (AgNWs) are used as the current collector. An atmospheric pressure pulsed cold micro-plasma-jet is used to realize the one-step, mask-free production of interdigitated multi-walled carbon nanotube (MWCNT)/AgNW electrodes. Remarkably, the fabricated MWCNT/AgNW-based MSC shows good flexibility and excellent rate capability. Moreover, the performance of properties including cyclic stability, equivalent series resistance, relaxation time and energy/power densities of the MWCNT/AgNW-based MSC are significantly enhanced by the presence of the AgNW current collector.

7.
Nanoscale ; 9(34): 12601-12608, 2017 Aug 31.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28820531

RESUMO

Three-dimensional functionalized graphene monoliths (3DFGMs) have attracted intensive attention as energy storage materials due to their unique interconnected porous structure, good electrical conductivity, excellent mechanical strength, and pseudocapacitive characteristic. Herein, we report a facile, green and low-cost strategy through a simple, one-step electrochemical process in a phytic acid solution to fabricate a 3DFGM. The 3D porous structure and functionalization of graphene can be obtained simultaneously. The as-obtained 3DFGM that consists of 3D porous O, P-functionalized few-layer graphene shows high specific surface area and good electrical conductivity. The 3DFGM with these characteristics exhibits excellent electrochemical performance, including an ultrahigh specific areal capacitance of 485 mF cm-2, superior rate performance, and outstanding cycling stability. Most importantly, the assembled 3DFGM//3DFGM symmetric supercapacitor exhibits a high specific areal capacitance of 225 mF cm-2 and delivers a maximum energy density of 1.2 W h L-1 and a power density of 560 W L-1 in aqueous electrolyte. Therefore, this work provides a promising method for the future design and fabrication of high performance 3D functionalized graphene-based electrodes for energy storage devices.

8.
Nanotechnology ; 28(22): 225301, 2017 Jun 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28422046

RESUMO

Silver nanowire (AgNW) thin film is a promising candidate to replace traditional indium tin oxide in optoelectronics applications. To date however, the widespread application of AgNW thin film is limited by the weak point contacts between individual AgNWs and the lack of facile patterning techniques. Here, we demonstrate a novel and facile method to not only nanoweld AgNW junctions but also pattern AgNW thin films via mask-free cold plasma-jet scanning in ambient conditions. After the plasma-jet nanowelding treatment, the morphology of AgNWs change substantially and the junctions are welded together. The nanowelded AgNWs-based thin film shows enhanced electrical and mechanical properties. On the other hand, after the plasma-jet patterning treatment, the AgNWs are etched and transformed into separated large particles. Different kinds of patterns are produced via this patterning technique. At last, a simple light emitting diode circuit is fabricated to demonstrate the suitability of the nanowelded and patterned AgNW electrodes for flexible electronic devices.

9.
Angle Orthod ; 78(3): 510-6, 2008 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-18416630

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To test the null hypothesis that the resin base and the resin hybrid glass ionomer base adhesives do not cause inflammation after contacting primary human gingival fibroblasts in vitro. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The resin base and resin hybrid glass ionomer base adhesives were used to treat human gingival fibroblasts to evaluate the survival rate using MTT colorimetric assay to detect the level of cyclooxygenase-2 (COX-2) mRNA by reverse transcription polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) technique and COX-2 protein expression using Western blot analysis. The results were analyzed using one-way analysis of variance (ANOVA). Tests of differences of the treatments were analyzed using the Tukey test and a value of P < .05 was considered statistically significant. RESULTS: The paste and primer of the resin base adhesive and the liquid of glass ionomer adhesive showed decreasing survival rates after 24 hours of treatment (P < .05). All orthodontic adhesives induced COX-2 protein expression in human gingival fibroblasts. The exposure of quiescent human gingival fibroblasts to adhesives resulted in the induction of COX-2 mRNA expression. The investigations of the time-dependent COX-2 mRNA expression in adhesive-treated human gingival fibroblasts revealed different patterns. CONCLUSIONS: The hypothesis is rejected. For orthodontic patients with gingival inflammation, except for those with oral hygiene problems, the activation of COX-2 expression by orthodontic adhesive may be one of the potential mechanisms.


Assuntos
Adesivos/efeitos adversos , Cimentos Dentários/efeitos adversos , Fibroblastos/efeitos dos fármacos , Gengiva/efeitos dos fármacos , Aparelhos Ortodônticos , Adesivos/toxicidade , Western Blotting , Sobrevivência Celular/efeitos dos fármacos , Células Cultivadas , Criança , Colorimetria , Corantes , Compômeros/efeitos adversos , Compômeros/toxicidade , Ciclo-Oxigenase 2/análise , Ciclo-Oxigenase 2/genética , Cimentos Dentários/toxicidade , Feminino , Fibroblastos/patologia , Gengiva/patologia , Gengivite/induzido quimicamente , Cimentos de Ionômeros de Vidro/efeitos adversos , Cimentos de Ionômeros de Vidro/toxicidade , Humanos , Teste de Materiais , RNA Mensageiro/análise , Cimentos de Resina/efeitos adversos , Cimentos de Resina/toxicidade , Reação em Cadeia da Polimerase Via Transcriptase Reversa , Sais de Tetrazólio , Tiazóis , Fatores de Tempo
10.
Zhonghua Yan Ke Za Zhi ; 42(3): 226-30, 2006 Mar.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-16643754

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the effects of laser in situ keratomileusis (LASIK) on the patients' visual field. METHODS: 92 eyes of 46 patients with mild, moderate, and high degrees of myopia were undergone LASIK. Perimetry was performed before and 1 day, 1 month, 3 months, 6 months after LASIK surgery by Humphrey II-750 visual field analysis. The central 30 - 2 fast threshold program was used to examine the change in central 30 degree. Mean defect (MD) and pattern standard deviation (PSD) were record. All operations were performed by an experienced surgeon. Statistical analyses were performed by SPSS using the randomized complete block design ANOVA (two factors analysis of variance). Differences among variables were evaluated by q-test (Student-Newman-Kueuls method). RESULTS: 93.5% patients obtained estimated best correct visual acuity or better at six months after LASIK. No complications were found in the subjects. No difference was found in fundus examinations before and after surgery. Intraocular pressure was normal at all preoperative and postoperative examinations. MD was significant differences among preoperative and postoperative values (P < 0.05, for all comparisons) and was correlated with visual acuity post-LASIK significantly (P < 0.05). While PSD did not show significant differences before and after LASIK (P > 0.05) and was not correlated with visual acuity post-LASIK. The indexes of visual field were not correlated with the degree of myopia and the other surgical parameters (P > 0.05). CONCLUSION: In current research, no significant visual field change was demonstrated pre-LASIK and post-LASIK after 6 months follow-up. The study suggests that LASIK does not affect the retinal physiological functions.


Assuntos
Ceratomileuse Assistida por Excimer Laser In Situ , Miopia/cirurgia , Campos Visuais , Adolescente , Adulto , Feminino , Seguimentos , Humanos , Masculino , Miopia/fisiopatologia , Acuidade Visual , Testes de Campo Visual
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