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1.
Sci Total Environ ; 802: 149729, 2022 Jan 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34454135

RESUMO

Atmospheric heavy metal deposition in agroecosystems has increased recently, especially in northern China, which poses serious risks to crop safety and human health via food chain. Wheat grains can accumulate high levels of Pb even when wheat is planted in soils with low levels of Pb. However, the influence of atmospheric deposition on the accumulation and distribution of Pb in wheat grain is still unclear. A field survey was conducted in three districts (A: a district with industrial and traffic pollution; B: a district with traffic pollution; and C: an unpolluted district) in Hebei Province, North China. The grain of wheat cultivated in district A accumulated more Pb from soil and atmospheric deposition than those in other districts, and the bran from district A contained 3.50 and 2.04 times more Pb than those from districts B and C, respectively. The Pb distribution pattern in wheat grain detected by laser ablation inductively coupled mass spectrometry (LA-ICP-MS) was characterized by accumulation mostly in the pericarp and seed coat rather than in the crease, embryo and endosperm. Furthermore, Pb isotopic data showed that airborne Pb was the major source (>50%) of Pb in wheat grain. Interestingly, average contributions of Pb from atmospheric deposition to white flour (78.22%) were higher than its contributions to bran (56.27%). In addition, wheat flag leaves were exposed to PbSO4 at the booting stage, and much greater Pb accumulation (0.33-0.48 mg/kg) was observed in exposed wheat grain than in the control (P < 0.05), PbSO4 constituted most (82.80-100%) of the Pb in the wheat grain. In summary, the results confirmed the efficient foliar Pb uptake and transfer from atmospheric deposition into wheat grain. It would be a new sight for understanding the contribution of airborne Pb to Pb accumulation in wheat grains.


Assuntos
Terapia a Laser , Metais Pesados , Poluentes do Solo , China , Grão Comestível/química , Monitoramento Ambiental , Humanos , Chumbo , Espectrometria de Massas , Solo , Poluentes do Solo/análise , Triticum
2.
Gene ; 808: 145991, 2022 Jan 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34626723

RESUMO

Porcine circovirus 4 (PCV4) was identified as a novel porcine circovirus in China in 2019. To investigate the prevalence and genetic characteristics of PCV2 and PCV4, 133 clinical samples (103 tissue samples and 30 serum samples) were collected from 30 different pig farms in Henan province of China, and a SYBR Green I-based duplex quantitative real-time polymerase chain reaction assay was established to detect PCV2 and PCV4 genomes simultaneously. The complete genome sequences of 20 PCV2 and 6 PCV4 strains from 19 and 6 clinical samples respectively were sequenced and analyzed. The results showed the detection limits of this assay were 80.2 copies/µL for PCV2 and 58.6 copies/µL for PCV4. The detection results of clinical samples revealed the PCV2 positive rate was 63.16% (84/133), the PCV4 positive rate was 33.33% (45/133), and the PCV2 and PCV4 co-infection positive rate was 21.05% (28/133). Among 20 PCV2 strains, 6 belonged to PCV2a, 6 belonged to PCV2b and 8 belonged to PCV2d. Co-infection with JZ1 (PCV2b) and JZ2 (PCV2d) strains was identified in one sample (JZ-1). Eleven putative recombination events were found through the recombination analysis, suggesting that the new PCV2 variant strains had circulated in Henan province, which contributes to our understanding of evolutionary characteristics of PCV2 in China. The possible genotypes of PCV4 strains were determined based on genomic sequences of 6 PCV4 strains in this study and 29 PCV4 reference strains available at GenBank. According to three different phylogenetic trees (ORF1, ORF2 and complete genome), all 35 PCV4 strains were clustered into two major genotypes (PCV4a and PCV4b), and 6 PCV4 strains in this study belonged to PCV4a. Additionally, the functional regions of PCV4 strains were predicted by comparison with other circoviruses, which are conducive to the further study of the biological functions of PCV4 genome.

3.
Sci Total Environ ; 806(Pt 1): 150283, 2022 Feb 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34563911

RESUMO

Volatile halogenated hydrocarbons (VHCs) have attracted wide attention in the atmospheric chemistry field since they not only affect the ecological environment but also damage human health. In order to better understand the characteristics, sources and health risks of VHCs in typical urban areas in Beijing, and also verify the achievement in implementing the Montreal Protocol (MP) in Beijing, observational studies on 22 atmospheric VHCs species were conducted during six air pollution episodes from December 2016 to May 2017. The range in daily mixing ratios of the 6 MP-regulated VHCs was 1000-1168 pptv, and the 16 MP-unregulated VHCs was 452-2961 pptv. The 16 MP-unregulated VHCs accounted for a relatively high concentration proportion among the 22 VHCs with a mean of 70.25%. Compared with other regions, the mixing ratios of MP-regulated VHCs were in the middle concentrations. The mixing ratios of the MP-regulated VHCs remained the same concentrations during the air pollution episodes, while the concentrations of MP-unregulated VHCs were generally higher on polluted days than on clean days and increased with the aggravation of the pollution episodes. The mixing ratios of dichlorodifluoromethane and trichlorofluoromethane were higher than Northern Hemisphere (NH) background values, while the mixing ratios of the other 4 MP-regulated VHCs were moderate and similar to the NH background values. All the 9 VHCs with carcinogenic risk might pose potential carcinogenic risks to the exposed populations in the six pollution episodes, while none of the 12 VHCs might pose appreciable non-carcinogenic risks to the exposed populations. Considering the higher concentration levels and higher risk values of 1,2-dichloropropane, 1,2-dichloroethane, carbon tetrachloride and trichloromethane, Beijing needs to further strengthen the control of these VHCs. The analysis of air mass transportation and PMF model showed that regional transportation and leakage of CFCs banks were important sources of VHCs in Beijing, and the contribution of industrial process and solvent usage should not be neglected. The results revealed the effective implementation of the MP in Beijing and its surrounding areas, while further measures are suggested to control the emissions of important VHCs especially from regional transportation and leakage of CFCs banks to reduce the possible health risks to the exposed population.


Assuntos
Poluentes Atmosféricos , Poluição do Ar , Hidrocarbonetos Halogenados , Poluentes Atmosféricos/análise , Poluição do Ar/análise , Pequim , China , Monitoramento Ambiental , Humanos , Medição de Risco
4.
Oncol Lett ; 23(1): 8, 2022 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34820007

RESUMO

Isoliensinine is a bis-benzylisoquinoline alkaloid that can be isolated from the lotus Nelumbo nucifera Gaertn. It has been reported to exert a variety of anti-cancer properties. In the present study, the potential effects of isoliensinine on cervical cancer Siha, HeLa, Caski and C33A cell lines were investigated by using Cell Counting Kit-8 (CCK-8), flow cytometry, western blotting and reverse transcription-PCR (RT-PCR) to measure cell proliferation, the cell cycle and apoptosis, in addition to elucidating the underlying molecular mechanism. Protein levels of p21, CDK2, Cyclin E, Mcl-1, cleaved Caspase-9, AKT, phosphorylated-AKT, glycogen synthase kinase (Gsk)3α, PTEN, and mRNA levels of p21, p15, p27, CDK2, CDK4, Cyclin E, Cyclin D, Gsk3α, Gsk3ß and PTEN were measured. Molecular docking assays were used to calculate the strength of binding of isoliensinine to AKT using AutoDock 4.0. Isoliensinine was found to induce cell cycle arrest at the G0/G1 phase by upregulating p21 expression and downregulating CDK2 and cyclin E in breast cancer cells. In addition, in previous research, isoliensinine promoted cell apoptosis by downregulating myeloid-cell leukemia 1 expression and activating caspase-9. Upstream, isoliensinine significantly downregulated AKT (S473) phosphorylation and GSK3α expression in a dose- and time-dependent manner. The AKT inhibitor AKTi-1/2 enhanced the function of isoliensinine on cell cycle arrest and apoptosis through the AKT/GSK3α pathway. AutoDock analysis showed that isoliensinine can bind to the AKT protein. These findings suggest that isoliensinine can induce cervical cancer cell cycle arrest and apoptosis by inhibiting the AKT/GSK3α pathway, which represents a novel strategy for the treatment of cervical cancer.

5.
Environ Pollut ; 292(Pt A): 118305, 2022 Jan 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34626715

RESUMO

Due to the large-scale outbreak of Corona Virus Disease (2019), amounts of disinfecting agents was regularly used in public environments and their potential toxicity towards organisms needed to be appreciated. Thus, one mostly used cationic disinfectant, benzalkonium chlorides (BAC(C12)), was selected to assess its potential toxicity one common cyanobacteria Microcystis aeruginosa (M. aeruginosa) in this study. The aims were to explore the toxic effect and mechanism of BAC (C12) on M. aeruginosa growth within 96 h via morphological, physiological, and the relative and absolute quantification (iTRAQ)-based quantitative proteomics variations. The results found that BAC(C12) significantly inhibited cell density of M. aeruginosa at concentrations from 1 mg/L to 10 mg/L, and the 96-h EC50 value was identified to be 3.61 mg/L. Under EC50 concentration, BAC(C12) depressed the photosynthesis activities of M. aeruginosa exhibited by 36% decline of the maximum quantum yield for primary photochemistry (Fv/Fm) value and denaturation of photosynthetic organelle, caused oxidative stress response displayed by the increase of three indexes including superoxide dismutase (SOD), malondialdehyde (MDA), and the intracellular reactive oxygen species (ROS), and destroyed the integrity of cell membranes demonstrated by TEM images and the increase of ex-cellular substances. Then, the iTRAQ-based proteomic analysis demonstrated that BAC(C12) depressed photosynthesis activities through inhibiting the expressions of photosynthetic protein and photosynthetic electron transport related proteins. The suppression of electron transport also led to the increase of superoxide radicals and then posed oxidative stress on cell. Meantime, the 63.63% ascent of extracellular microcystin production of M. aeruginosa was observed, attributing to the high expression of microcystin synthesis proteins and the damage of cell membrane. In sum, BAC(C12) exposure inhibited the growth of M. aeruginosa mainly by depressing photosynthesis, inducing oxidative stress, and breaking the cell membrane. And, it enhanced the release of microcystin from the cyanobacterial cells via up-regulating the microcystin synthesis proteins and inducing the membrane damage, which could enlarge its toxicity to aquatic species.


Assuntos
Microcystis , Compostos de Benzalcônio , Cloretos , Microcistinas/metabolismo , Microcistinas/toxicidade , Microcystis/metabolismo , Fotossíntese , Proteômica
6.
J Colloid Interface Sci ; 606(Pt 1): 793-799, 2022 Jan 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34419818

RESUMO

Metal electrode is considered as an ideal candidate for electrocatalytic carbon dioxide (CO2) reduction considering its excellent chemical stability, application potential and eco-friendly properties. Optimization process such as morphological control, non-metallic doping, alloying is widely studied to improve the efficiency of metal electrodes. In this work, we successfully improved the CO2 reduction performance of silver using a facile plasma vulcanization treatment. The obtained sulfide derived silver (Ag) porous microrods (SD-AgPMRs) are optimized from both morphology and composition aspects, and demonstrates high Faradaic efficiency and partial current density for carbon monoxide (CO) production at low potentials. The larger specific surface area of porous microrod structure and the improved adsorption energy of important intermediates in comparison with Ag foil are realized by introduction of sulfur (S) atoms after plasma vulcanization activation, as suggested by density functional theory (DFT) calculations. This work presents a novel strategy to optimize metal electrocatalysts for CO2 reduction as well as to improve catalysis in other fields.

7.
Exp Ther Med ; 23(1): 5, 2022 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34815757

RESUMO

It has been reported that upregulation of wingless-type protein 5a (Wnt5a) is associated with poor prognosis in patients with non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC). Wnt5a expression is often upregulated in radiation-resistant NSCLC cells. However, the biological functions or molecular mechanisms of radiosensitivity in NSCLC remain unknown. In the present study, MTT assay and flow cytometric analysis were performed to assess the effect of overexpression or knockdown of Wnt5a and/or radiation on the proliferation and apoptosis of NSCLC cells. Furthermore, western blot analysis was performed to detect canonical Wnt signaling (ß-catenin) in H1650 and A549 cells. The results demonstrated that Wnt5a knockdown combined with irradiation inhibited proliferation and induced apoptosis in NSCLC cells compared with Wnt5a knockdown or radiotherapy alone. In addition, the combination of Wnt5a knockdown and irradiation decreased nuclear and increased cytoplasmic ß-catenin expression in H1650 and A549 cells, the effects of which were reversed following overexpression of Wnt5a. The combination of overexpressing Wnt5a and irradiation resulted in significant tumor regression, while ß-catenin knockdown reversed Wnt5a overexpression-induced NSCLC cell proliferation. Taken together, these results suggest that Wnt5a may be involved in the activation of ß-catenin-dependent canonical Wnt signaling, and thus may influence the effectiveness of radiation therapy in NSCLC.

8.
J Hazard Mater ; 423(Pt A): 127023, 2022 Feb 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34482075

RESUMO

Due to the recent boom in urbanisation, economy, and global population, the amount of waste generated worldwide has increased tremendously. The World Bank estimates that global waste generation is expected to increase 70% by 2050. Disposal of waste is already a major concern as it poses risks to the environment, human health, and economy. To tackle this issue and maximise potential environmental, economic, and social benefits, waste valorisation - a value-adding process for waste materials - has emerged as a sustainable and efficient strategy. The major objective of waste valorisation is to transit to a circular economy and maximally alleviate hazardous impacts of waste. This review conducts bibliometric analysis to construct a co-occurrence network of research themes related to management of five major waste streams (i.e., food, agricultural, textile, plastics, and electronics). Modern valorisation technologies and their efficiencies are highlighted. Moreover, insights into improvement of waste valorisation technologies are presented in terms of sustainable environmental, social, and economic performances. This review summarises highlighting factors that impede widespread adoption of waste valorisation, such as technology lock-in, optimisation for local conditions, unfavourable regulations, and low investments, with the aim of devising solutions that explore practical, feasible, and sustainable means of waste valorisation.

9.
Environ Res ; 203: 111864, 2022 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34389351

RESUMO

Epidemiologic studies have shown that the fine particulate matter 2.5 (PM2.5) exaggerates chronic airway inflammation involving in acute exacerbation of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (AECOPD). Surfactant proteins (SPs) decreases significantly related to airflow limitation and airway inflammation. However, how to restore the reduction of SPs levels in airway inflammation exposed to PM2.5 has not been well understood. In the present study, the SPs including SPA, SPB, SPC and SPD levels in bronchoalveolar lavage fluid (BALF) were detected from patients with stable COPD. Rats were exposed to cigarette smoke and PM2.5. After given with Surfaxin, the expression of SPs, protein kinase C (PKC) and tight junction protein (ZO-1) in lung tissue and the levels of C-reactive protein (CRP) and fibrinogen (FIB) in plasma was observed. The results showed that SPA, SPB and SPD were significantly lower than those of the control group (p < 0.01). PM2.5 aggravated smoking-induced airway inflammation and oxidative stress demonstrated by pathological changes of lung tissue and increased levels of CRP and PKC in vivo. PM2.5 decreased the expression of all the SPs and ZO-1, which could be significantly restored by Surfaxin. These findings indicate that Surfaxin protects the alveolar epithelium from PM2.5 in airway inflammation through increasing SPs.

10.
Gene ; 809: 146023, 2022 Jan 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34673205

RESUMO

Steroidogenic factor 1 (sf1) (officially designated as nuclear receptor subfamily 5 group A member 1 [NR5A1]) is an important regulator of gonad development. Previous studies on sf1 in fish have been limited to cloning and in vitro expression experiments. In this study, we used antisense RNA to down-regulate sf1 transcription and sf1 protein expression. Down-regulation of sf1 resulted in an increase in body weight and inhibition of gonadal development in both males and females with the consequent lower gonadosomatic index compared to fish in the control group. Hematoxylin-eosin staining of the gonads of fish with down-regulated sf1 revealed fewer seminiferous tubules and sperm in the testis of males. In addition, the oocytes were mainly stage II and many of them were atretic follicle. We conducted comparative transcriptome and proteome analyses between the sf1-down-regulated group and the control group. These analyses revealed multiple gene-protein pairs and pathways involved in regulating the observed changes, including 44 and 74 differently expressed genes and proteins in males and females, respectively. The results indicated that dysfunctional retinal metabolism and fatty acid metabolism could be causes of the observed weight gain and gonad abnormalities in sf1-down-regulated fish. These findings demonstrate the feasibility of using antisense RNA for gene editing in fish. This methodology allows the study gene function in species less amenable to gene editing as for example aquaculture species with long life cycles.

11.
Neuroimage ; : 118756, 2021 Nov 27.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34848297

RESUMO

The composite face effect (CFE) is recognized as a hallmark for holistic face processing, but our knowledge remains sparse about its cognitive and neural loci. Using functional magnetic resonance imaging with independent localizer and complete composite face task, we here investigated the neural-behavioral correspondence within face processing and attention networks. Complementing classical comparisons, we adopted a dimensional reduction approach to explore the core cognitive constructs of the behavioral CFE measurement. Our univariate analyses found an alignment effect in regions associated with both the extended face processing network and attention networks. Further representational similarity analyses based on the Euclidian distances among all experimental conditions were used to identify cortical regions with reliable neural-behavioral correspondences. Multidimensional scaling and hierarchical clustering analyses for neural-behavioral correspondence data revealed two principal components underlying the behavioral CFE effect, which fit best to the neural responses in the bilateral insula and medial frontal gyrus. These findings highlight the distinct neurocognitive contributions of both face processing and attentional networks to the behavioral CFE outcome, which bridge the gaps between face recognition and attentional control models.

12.
Brain Behav Immun ; 2021 Nov 27.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34848340

RESUMO

High-fat diet (HFD) consumption is generally associated with an increased risk of cognitive and emotional dysfunctions that constitute a sizeable worldwide health burden with profound social and economic consequences. Middle age is a critical time period that affects one's health later in life; pertinently, the prevalence of HFD consumption is increasing among mature adults. Given the growing health-related economic burden imposed globally by increasing rates of noncommunicable diseases in rapidly aging populations, along with the pervasive but insidious health impairments associated with HFD consumption, it is critically important to understand the effects of long-term HFD consumption on brain function and to gain insights into their potential underlying mechanisms. In the present study, adult male C57BL/6J mice were randomly assigned a control diet (CD, 10 kJ% from fat) or an HFD (60 kJ% from fat) for 6 months (6M) or 9 months (9M) followed by behavioral tests, serum biochemical analysis, and histological examinations of both the dorsal and ventral regions of the hippocampus. In both the 6M and 9M cohorts, mice that consumed an HFD exhibited poorer memory performance in the Morris water maze test (MWM) and greater depression- and anxiety-like behavior during the open field test (OFT), sucrose preference test (SPT) and forced swim test (FST) than control mice. Compared with age-matched mice in the CD group, mice in the HFD group showed abnormal hippocampal neuronal morphology, which was particularly evident in the ventral hippocampus. Hippocampal microglia in mice in the HFD group generally had a more activated phenotype evidenced by a smaller microglial territory area and increased cluster of differentiation 68 (CD68, a marker of phagocytic activity) immunoreactivity, while the microglial density in the dentate gyrus (DG) was decreased, indicating microglial decline. The engulfment of postsynaptic density 95 (PSD95, a general postsynaptic marker) puncta by microglia was increased in the HFD groups. Histological analysis of neutral lipids using a fluorescent probe (BODIPY) revealed that the total neutral lipid content in regions of interests (ROIs) and the lipid load in microglia were increased in the HFD group relative to the age-matched CD group. In summary, our results demonstrated that chronic HFD consumption from young adulthood to middle age induced anxiety- and depression-like behavior as well as memory impairment. The negative influence of chronic HFD consumption on behavioral and hippocampal neuroplasticity appears to be linked to a change in microglial phenotype that is accompanied by a remarkable increase in cellular lipid accumulation. These observations highlighting the potential to target lipid metabolism deficits to reduce the risk of HFD-associated emotional dysfunctions.

13.
BMJ Open ; 11(11): e049957, 2021 Nov 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34848511

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: Serum calcium levels (sCa) were reported to be associated with risk of cardiovascular diseases. The aim of this study was to analyse the association between sCa and long-term mortality in patients with acute coronary syndrome (ACS). DESIGN: A retrospective observational cohort study. SETTING: Single-centre study with participants recruited from the local area. PARTICIPANTS: A total of consecutive 13 772 patients with ACS were included in this analysis. Patients were divided based on their sCa profile (≤2.1 mmol/L, 2.1-2.2 mmol/L, 2.2-2.3 mmol/L, 2.3-2.4 mmol/L, 2.4-2.5 mmol/L,>2.5 mmol/L) and followed up for a median of 2.96 years (IQR 1.01-4.07). PRIMARY OUTCOME: Long-term all-cause mortality. RESULTS: During a median follow-up period of 2.96 years, patients with sCa ≤2.1 mmol/L had the highest cumulative incidences of all-cause mortality (16.7%), whereas those with sCa 2.4-2.5 mmol/L had the lowest cumulative incidences of all-cause mortality (3.5%). After adjusting for potentially confounding variables, the Cox analysis revealed that compared with the reference group (sCa 2.4-2.5 mmol/L), all the other groups had higher mortality except for the sCa 2.3-2.4 mmol/L group (HR, 1.32, 95% CI 0.93 to 1.87). Restricted cubic splines showed that the relationship between sCa and all-cause mortality seemed to be U shaped. The optimal sCa cut-off point, 2.35 mmol/L, was determined based on the shape of restricted cubic splines. CONCLUSIONS: Altered serum calcium homeostasis at admission independently predicts all-cause mortality in patients with ACS. In addition, a U-shaped relationship between sCa and all-cause mortality exists, and maintaining sCa at approximately 2.35 mmol/L may minimise the risk of mortality.

14.
Nucleic Acids Res ; 2021 Nov 26.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34850130

RESUMO

Mapping gene interactions within tissues/cell types plays a crucial role in understanding the genetic basis of human physiology and disease. Tissue functional gene networks (FGNs) are essential models for mapping complex gene interactions. We present TissueNexus, a database of 49 human tissue/cell line FGNs constructed by integrating heterogeneous genomic data. We adopted an advanced machine learning approach for data integration because Bayesian classifiers, which is the main approach used for constructing existing tissue gene networks, cannot capture the interaction and nonlinearity of genomic features well. A total of 1,341 RNA-seq datasets containing 52,087 samples were integrated for all of these networks. Because the tissue label for RNA-seq data may be annotated with different names or be missing, we performed intensive hand-curation to improve quality. We further developed a user-friendly database for network search, visualization, and functional analysis. We illustrate the application of TissueNexus in prioritizing disease genes. The database is publicly available at https://www.diseaselinks.com/TissueNexus/.

15.
Adv Mater ; : e2101932, 2021 Nov 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34850459

RESUMO

Two-dimensional polymers (2DPs) are promising as structurally well-defined, permanently porous, organic semiconductors. However, 2DPs are nearly always isolated as closed shell organic species with limited charge carriers, which leads to low bulk conductivities. Here, we enhance the bulk conductivity of two naphthalene diimide (NDI)-containing 2DP semiconductors by controllably n-doping the NDI units using cobaltocene (CoCp2 ). Optical and transient microwave spectroscopy reveals that both as-prepared NDI-containing 2DPs are semiconducting with sub-2 eV optical bandgaps and photoexcited charge-carrier lifetimes of tens of nanoseconds. Following reduction with CoCp2 , both 2DPs largely retain their periodic structures and exhibit optical and electron-spin resonance spectroscopic features consistent with the presence of NDI-radical anions. While the native NDI-based 2DPs are electronically insulating, maximum bulk conductivities of >10-4  S cm-1 are achieved by substoichiometric levels of n-doping. Density functional theory calculations show that the strongest electronic couplings in these 2DPs exist in the out-of-plane (π-stacking) crystallographic directions, which indicates that cross-plane electronic transport through NDI stacks is primarily responsible for the observed electronic conductivity. Taken together, this study underlines that controlled molecular doping is a useful approach to access structurally well-defined, paramagnetic, 2DP n-type semiconductors with measurable bulk electronic conductivities of interest for electronic or spintronic devices. This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved.

16.
Sci Prog ; 104(4): 368504211058554, 2021 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34851207

RESUMO

CASE SUMMARY: A patient who underwent mechanical aortic and mitral valve replacement developed three paravalvular leaks 10 months later. We located the tracks by puncturing the apex cordis under transoesophageal echocardiography guidance alone and puncturing the femoral artery guided by fluoroscopy. Three paravalvular leaks were occluded with a hybridization method simultaneously. The patient was followed up for 24 months and maintained a good condition. CONCLUSION: Multiple paravalvular leaks after double valve replacement can be occluded in patients by the use of different approaches under echocardiographic guidance alone.

17.
J Neurointerv Surg ; 2021 Nov 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34732534

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The best anesthetic management strategy for patients with acute large vessel occlusion treated with mechanical thrombectomy (MT) remains uncertain. Most studies have focused on anterior-circulation stroke caused by large artery occlusion. Nevertheless, limited data are available on the appropriate choice of anesthetic for acute basilar artery occlusion (BAO). We aimed to investigate the effect of anesthetic method on clinical outcomes in patients with BAO undergoing MT. METHODS: Patients undergoing MT for acute BAO in the BASILAR registry (Acute Basilar Artery Occlusion Study) were included. We divided patients into three groups according to the anesthetic technique used during MT: general anesthesia (GA), local anesthesia (LA), and conscious sedation (CS). Propensity score matching was performed to achieve baseline balance. RESULTS: 639 patients were included. GA was used in 257 patients (40.2%), LA was used in 250 patients (39.1%), and CS was used in 132 patients (20.7%). After 1:1 matching, favorable outcome, mortality, and hemorrhagic transformation rates, as well as modified Rankin Scale (mRS) score at 90 days, did not differ between the GA, LA, and CS groups. CONCLUSIONS: The choice of anesthetic strategy, GA, LA, or CS, did not affect the clinical outcomes of patients with acute BAO treated with MT in the BASILAR registry.

18.
Orthop Surg ; 2021 Nov 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34734478

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To investigate the biomechanical and elution properties of meropenem-loaded bone cement. METHODS: Bone cement (Palacos LV) with 5% (2 g/4 0g), 10% (4 g/40 g), and 15% (6 g/40 g) meropenem; 5% (2 g/40 g) and 10% (4 g/40 g) vancomycin; and blank bone cement were prepared in a total of six groups named A2, A4, A6, B2, B4, and A0 (antibiotic-free). 36 cylinder specimens (6-mm diameter and 12-mm height) of all six groups were molded for a compression test. After the compression test, because of mechanical properties below the ISO standard requirements, groups B2, B4 were not subjected to a bending test. So a total of 24 rectangular strip specimens (10-mm width, 75-mm length, and 3.3-mm thickness) for groups A2, A4, A6 and A0 were molded for the bending test. Between-group differences of compressive strength, bending strength and bending modulus were analyzed. The meropenem standard was prepared as a series of standard solutions to calculate the standard curve. At a constant temperature of 37 °C, separately, meropenem-loaded bone cement cylinder specimens (12 mm in diameter and 17 mm in length) of A2, A4 and A6 were serially immersed in saline solution without stirring. The eluent drug concentration at 24, 48, 72 h and 6, 12, 24 days was measured and the drug concentration-time curve of meropenem was constructed. RESULTS: With the exception of groups B2 and B4, all cements compressive strength values were well above the minimum requirement of the ISO 5833 standard (70 MPa). The compressive strength and bending strength values of group A4 were higher than those of group A0 (P < 0.05), but no difference was found between the A0, A2 and A6 groups (P > 0.05). There were no intergroup differences of bending modulus between the A0, A2, A4 and A6 groups (P > 0.05). A standard curve of meropenem was obtained and a regression equation was constructed: Y = 15.0265 X + 13.5218, r = 1.00. At 37 °C, the release of meropenem was rapid during the first 48 h for all A2, A4, A6 samples, and subsequent release continued to decrease. CONCLUSION: When adding up to 15% (6 g/40 g) meropenem to the bone cement, the biomechanical properties were not reduced, and bone cement with 10% (4 g/40 g) meropenem had the best performance. At a constant temperature of 37°C, meropenem can be released from bone cement for up to 24 days.

19.
Quant Imaging Med Surg ; 11(11): 4594-4603, 2021 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34737926

RESUMO

Background: This study sought to develop and validate a lens opacities classification system based on ultrasound biomicroscopy (UBM) imaging to grade pediatric cataracts. Methods: The study was conducted at Guangzhou Children's Hospital, Guangzhou Women and Children's Medical Center. UBM images of patients at the hospital from September 2013 to November 2014 were used in this study. We summarized the characteristics of lenticular opacification in each of the following 4 zones: the anterior capsule (A); the cortex (C); the nucleus (N); and the posterior capsule (P). The UBM data and intraoperative videos were compared, and sensitivity, specificity, accuracy, and positive and negative predictive values were determined for our Lens Opacities Classification System based on UBM for Pediatric Cataracts (LOCS-UP) detection. Two physicians classified pediatric cataracts (anterior capsule, cortex, and posterior capsule) by extracting 146 images from the UBM database. Patients' data were recorded to calculate the kappa coefficients. The LOCS-UP was developed. Results: Under this standard, all types of pediatric cataracts can be classified and acquired a code by the LOCS-UP. The LOCS-UP had the highest sensitivity (100%) and specificity (98.96%) in naming the anterior capsule and the lowest sensitivity (50%) and specificity (89.59%) in naming the posterior capsule. Its consistency at naming the anterior capsule was satisfactory (Kappa coefficient: 0.70), and it was also able to name the nucleus, cortex, and posterior capsule (0.56, 0.58, and 0.48, respectively). Conclusions: LOCS-UP could name pediatric cataracts by providing an unique digital encoding, which could reflect characteristics exactly for different local lens anomalies to all kinds of pediatric cataract patients. This method provides detailed and accurate information about Patients' lenses.

20.
Anim Nutr ; 7(4): 1105-1114, 2021 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34738041

RESUMO

Clostridium butyricum has been widely considered an antibiotic substitute in recent years. It can promote growth performance, improve the immune response and enhance the intestinal barrier function of the host. In the present study, 1-d-old Arbor Acres (AA) broilers were fed C. butyricum (1 × 109 cfu/kg) for 28 d. The transcriptomic characteristics of epithelial cells of the cecal mucosa were determined by RNA-sequence, and the cecal microbiota composition was explored by 16S ribosomal RNA gene sequencing. The changes in the intestinal mucosa of broilers were then analyzed by tissue staining. Gene Ontology (GO) annotations identified substance transport and processes and pathways that might participate in intestinal development and cell viability. Kyoto Encyclopedia of Genes and Genomes (KEGG) pathway analysis revealed that the differentially expressed genes are involved in numerous pathways related to amino acid and vitamin metabolism and antioxidant and defensive functions, among others. The relative expression of some genes associated with intestinal barrier function (claudins 2, 15, 19, and 23, tight junction proteins 1, 2, and 3 and mucin 1) was significantly increased in the treatment group (P < 0.05 or P < 0.01). Moreover, the proportion of Firmicutes was higher in the C. butyricum-treated group, whereas the proportion of Proteobacteria was higher in the control group. At the genus level, the relative abundances of Butyricicoccus and Lactobacillus, among other bacteria, were increased after C. butyricum supplementation. The tissue staining analysis showed that the cecal mucosa of broilers was significantly ameliorated after the addition of C. butyricum (P < 0.05 or P < 0.01). These results showed that dietary supplementation with C. butyricum can enhance the antioxidant capacity, mucosal barrier function, and stabilize the cecal microbiota, resulting in improving the growth performance.

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