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1.
Theriogenology ; 159: 35-44, 2021 Jan 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33113442

RESUMO

Adiponectin is a hormone secreted by adipose tissue that is involved in the regulation of energy homeostasis and reproduction. In this study, the expression levels of adiponectin and its receptors in the hypothalamic-pituitary-ovarian (HPO) axis of laying hens were investigated using quantitative real-time PCR (qRT-PCR) and Western blotting, and the localization of these proteins was explored using immunohistochemistry. The morphological relationships between adiponectin receptors and gonadotropin-releasing hormone (GnRH) neurons were analyzed using double immunofluorescence labeling. The results showed that adiponectin mRNA and protein were widely expressed in all tissues involved in the HPO axis in laying hens, with especially high expression in the hypothalamus. Both AdipoR1 and AdipoR2 were more highly expressed in the pituitary than in other tissues and exhibited similar mRNA and protein expression patterns. The immunohistochemistry results showed that adiponectin and AdipoR2 were localized in the major hypothalamic nuclei that regulate food intake and energy balance (i.e., the lateral hypothalamic area (LHA), infundibular nucleus (IN), dorsomedial nucleus (DMN), and paraventricular nucleus (PVN)). Immunostaining revealed that adiponectin and its receptors were also localized in the cytoplasm of cells in the adenohypophysis. In the ovaries, adiponectin was localized in the granulosa layer, in the theca externa of follicles and in basal cells, while AdipoR1 and AdipoR2 were localized in basal cells. In the double immunofluorescence labeling experiment, AdipoR1 and AdipoR2 were localized in GnRH neurons in the IN and DMN. These results suggest that adiponectin and its receptors may play major roles in the endocrine network, which integrates energy balance and reproduction.

2.
Sci Total Environ ; 754: 142151, 2021 Feb 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32916496

RESUMO

River damming has seen a growing trend in demand worldwide and the impounded reaches are considered hotspots of greenhouse gas emissions. However, it remains unclear how the spatial distribution of C-gas in sediments and methane (CH4) emissions of dammed tributary changes under different operation periods of the Three Gorges reservoir (TGR). We measured CH4 and carbon dioxide (CO2) concentrations in sediment and CH4 emissions from a dammed river of the TGR, and evaluated the effect of damming on the spatial variability of carbon in the sediment and on CH4 flux. It was found that damming led to a distinct spatial pattern of total organic carbon (TOC) in the sediment, which resulted in higher CH4 and CO2 in upstream sediment compared to the downstream. During the TGR impounding period, the upstream CH4 diffusive flux (0.253-0.427 mg m-2 h-1) across the water-air interface was higher than in the downstream (0.093 mg m-2 h-1), which was consistent with the spatial variation of CH4 in the sediments. However, the CH4 emission was predominantly by ebullition and the flux in the downstream (169.173 mg m-2 h-1) was significantly higher than upstream (12.23-123.05 mg m-2 h-1) in the discharging period. This can be attributed to a sharp increase in TOC in downstream sediment due to riparian zone soil erosion on both banks, which was caused by periodic large fluctuation in the water level, and a shallow water depth in the downstream. This study adds to our understanding of effects of the TGR's operation on CH4 emissions from a dammed tributary and suggests that the water level fluctuation of tributaries which has direct influence on ebullition and methane oxidation caused by manipulation of the TGR should not be overlooked.

3.
Ecotoxicol Environ Saf ; 207: 111248, 2021 Jan 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32927156

RESUMO

Drought is one of the most common factors that limit plant growth and productivity. Sulfur dioxide (SO2) has recently been found to play a benefical role in protection of plants against environmental stress. In this study, we investigated the effect of SO2 on the physiological and molecular response of wheat seedlings to drought stress. Pretreatment with 10 mg/m3 SO2 significantly increased the survival rate and relative water content (RWC) of wheat seedlings under drought stress, indicating that pre-exposure to appropriate level of SO2 could enhance drought tolerance of plants. These responses were related to the enhanced proline accumulation in the drought-treated wheat seedlings that induced by SO2 pretreatment. Meanwhile, SO2 pretreatment increased the activities of superoxide dismutase (SOD) and peroxidase (POD), and effectively reduced the content of hydrogen peroxide (H2O2) and malondialdehyde (MDA) in drought-treated wheat seedlings, suggesting SO2 could alleviate drought-induced oxidative damage by enhancing antioxidant defense system in plants. Expression analysis of transcription factor genes also showed that SO2 pretreatment decreased the expression of TaNAC69, but the expression of TaERF1 and TaMYB30 changed slightly and maintained at higher levels in wheat seedlings in response to drought stress. Furthermore, SO2 pretreatment triggered marked accumulation of hydrogen sulfide (H2S) in wheat seedlings under drought stress. When scavenged H2S by spraying Hypotaurine (HT), the activities of antioxidant enzymes and the expression of transcription factor genes were decreased, and the content of H2O2 and MDA increased to the level of drought treatment alone, suggesting a regulatory role of SO2-induced H2S in plant adaptation to drought stress. Together, this study indicated that SO2 enhanced drought tolerance of wheat seedlings through H2S signaling, and provided new strategy for enhancing plant tolerance to drought stress.

4.
J Nanosci Nanotechnol ; 21(2): 1230-1235, 2021 Feb 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33183466

RESUMO

Nanoscience is a highly comprehensive, interdisciplinary discipline based on many advanced science and technology, and has developed very rapidly in the past few decades. Nanoscience and technology has been widely used in many fields such as biomedicine, materials science, chemistry, physics, and electronic information engineering. Nanomaterials are widely used due to their many excellent properties such as quantum size effects, small size effects, surface effects, and tunneling effects, and have become hot research areas. It is very suitable as a carrier for antitumor drug molecules, which is conducive to improving drug efficacy and reducing drugs side effects. After selective functionalization, it is highly possible to achieve the loading and release of multiple drug molecules. Based on the magnetic mesoporous Fe3O4-MSNs composite nanoparticles, we have modified a series of organosilane coupling agents on its surface. The most commonly used antitumor drug (adriamycin) in clinical was selected as a model to evaluate the loading and release behavior of modified composite nanoparticles Fe3O4-MSNs on this drug. The results indicate that Fe3O4 is selectively modified after appropriate modification of the silane coupling agent. MSNs carrier can effectively regulate the adsorption and release rate of hydrophilic DOX and hydrophobic PTX, and shows a good drug control ability.

5.
J Nanosci Nanotechnol ; 21(1): 310-325, 2021 Jan 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33213632

RESUMO

Scanning electron microscopy (SEM) was used to analyze and study micron-nanometer evaporite samples collected from Paleocene and Eocene drill cores in the Jiangling Depression. Accordingly, seven beds of potassium-bearing solid rocks were accurately identified. Sylvite, carnallite, syngenite, dolomite, thenardite, anhydrite, glauberite, halite, barite, celestite, and other solid salt minerals were found, and carnallite, syngenite, and thenardite were found for the first time in the Jiangling Depression. Sylvite, syngenite, and carnallite indicate that the Paleogene salt lakes in the Jiangling Depression had evolved to the sylvite stage and that prospecting for solid sylvite would be satisfactory. Micron-nanometer celestite is contained in the evaporites, from which we can infer that strontium may have been provided by deep formation water (or oil-field water). This finding is of great significance to studying the genesis of sylvite sediment in the Jiangling Depression. From the extensive development of primary glauberite beds typical of warm salt minerals in the Shashi Formation, it can be inferred that the late Paleogene paleoclimate in the Jiangling Depression of the Jianghan Basin was dry and hot. Based on the extensive distribution of micron-nanometer pyrite, siderite, iron and Fe2O3/FeO ratios in evaporite sediments and color analysis of mudstones, the evaporites in the study area formed in an underwater anoxic, reducing environment during sedimentation. Therefore, the evaporite sediments in the Paleocene-Eocene interval of the Jiangling Depression are proposed to have formed in a saltwater lake sedimentary environment, and the ancient lake was characterized by a deep-water salt lake sedimentary model.

6.
Mol Med Rep ; 23(1)2021 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33179084

RESUMO

Lung cancer is the most prevalent and observed type of cancer in Xuanwei County, Yunnan, South China. Lung cancer in this area is called Xuanwei lung cancer. However, its pathogenesis remains largely unknown. To date, a number of studies have shown that microRNA (miR)­218 functions as a tumor suppressor in multiple types of cancer. However, the role of miR­218 and its regulatory gene network in Xuanwei lung cancer have yet to be investigated. The current study identified that the expression levels of miR­218 in XWLC­05 cells were markedly lower compared with those in immortalized lung epithelial BEAS­2B cells. The present study also demonstrated that overexpression of miR­218 could decrease cell proliferation, invasion, viability and migration in Xuanwei lung cancer cell line XWLC­05 and NSCLC cell line NCI­H157. Additionally, the results revealed that overexpression of miR­218 could induce XWLC­05 and NCI­H157 cell apoptosis by arresting the cell cycle at G2/M phase. Finally, the present study demonstrated that overexpression of miR­218 could lead to a significant increase in phosphatase and tensin homolog (PTEN) and YY1 transcription factor (YY1), and a decrease in B­cell lymphoma 2 (BCL­2) and BMI1 proto­oncogene, polycomb ring finger (BMI­1) at the mRNA and protein level in XWLC­05 and NCI­H157 cell lines. However, we did not observe any remarkable difference in the roles of miR­218 and miR­218­mediated regulation of BCL­2, BMI­1, PTEN and YY1 expression in the progression of Xuanwei lung cancer. In conclusion, miR­218 could simultaneously suppress cell proliferation and tumor invasiveness and induce cell apoptosis by increasing PTEN and YY1 expression, while decreasing BCL­2 and BMI­1 in Xuanwei lung cancer. The results demonstrated that miR­218 might serve a vital role in tumorigenesis and progression of Xuanwei lung cancer and overexpression of miR­218 may be a novel approach for the treatment of Xuanwei lung cancer.

7.
Sci Total Environ ; 751: 141620, 2021 Jan 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32889456

RESUMO

With the development of the economy, anthropogenic emissions in the atmospheric environment increases, and air pollution has caused wide public concern. Vehicle exhaust is an important emission source in the atmosphere, and alkanes are the representative components in it. In this study, the optical properties of secondary organic aerosol (SOA) derived from several C12 alkanes (2-methylundecane, hexylcyclohexane, and cyclododecane) in the absence of NOX were determined. Absorption (imaginary part of the refractive index (RI), k) at 532 nm was negligible for all the derived SOA, and the scattering (real part of RI, n) of the SOA at 532 nm followed the order of cyclododecane SOA < hexylcyclohexane SOA < 2-methylundecane SOA, at both room- (25 °C) and low- (5 °C) temperature. The chemical compositions of the SOA formed were analyzed with an electrospray ionization time-of-flight mass spectrometer (ESI-TOF-MS). The mass spectra showed that the oligomers were generated in the reactions. It was shown that the different reaction pathways (due to various alkane structures) leaded to the difference in SOA chemical composition, which changed the RI values. The low-temperature condition promoted the progress of the oligomerization reaction so that the final RI values also changed. This work suggested that when estimating the radiative forcing of SOA using regional or global models, the structure of the precursors and reaction conditions should be taken into account.

8.
J Hazard Mater ; 401: 123409, 2021 Jan 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32763701

RESUMO

Larval aquatic fireflies in fresh water are adversely affected by water pollutants such as benzo(a)pyrene (BaP). However, their response to BaP stress at the microRNA (miRNA)-regulatory level remains unknown. Here, transcriptomes containing 31,872 genes and six miRNA transcriptional profiles were obtained for Aquatica wuhana larvae, and comparative analysis was performed between larvae exposed to BaP (0.01 mg/L) and unexposed controls. Fifteen of 114 miRNAs identified via bioinformatics were detected as differentially expressed (DEMs) upon BaP exposure. Analysis results of predicted target genes of DEM suggests that BaP exposure primarily triggered transcriptional changes of miRNA associated with five major regulatory categories: 1) osmotic balance, 2) energy metabolic efficiency, 3) development, 4) xenobiotic metabolism (oxidative stress), and 5) innate immune response. Based on six innate immune- and xenobiotic metabolism-related pathways enriched by the predicted DEM targets, 11 key BaP-responsive DEMs were further screened to investigate dynamic changes of expression in response to BaP stress at five time points, and also to validate the miRNA sequencing data using quantitative real-time PCR. This study provides valuable information for the protection of firefly resources and supplements the understanding of miRNA regulatory mechanisms in response to water deterioration.

9.
Gene ; 764: 145094, 2021 Jan 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32860898

RESUMO

Long chain acyl-CoA synthetases (ACSLs), which drive the conversion of long chain fatty acid into acyl-CoA, an ingredient of lipid synthesis, have been well-acknowledged to exert an indispensable role in many metabolic processes in mammals, especially lipid metabolism. However, in chicken, the evolutionary characteristics, expression profiles and regulatory mechanisms of ACSL gene family are rarely understood. Here, we analyzed the genomic synteny, gene structure, evolutionary event and functional domains of the ACSL gene family members using bioinformatics methods. The spatiotemporal expression profiles of ACSL gene family, and their regulatory mechanism were investigated via bioinformatics analysis incorporated with in vivo and in vitro estrogen-treated experiments. Our results indicated that ACSL2 gene was indeed evolutionarily lost in the genome of chicken. Chicken ACSLs shared an AMP-binding functional domain, as well as highly conversed ATP/AMP and FACS signature motifs, and were clustered into two clades, ACSL1/5/6 and ACSL3/4, based on high sequence similarity, similar gene features and conversed motifs. Chicken ACSLs showed differential tissue expression distributions, wherein the significantly decreased expression level of ACSL1 and the significantly increased expression level of ACSL5 were found, respectively, the expression levels of the other ACSL members remained unchanged in the liver of peak-laying hens versus pre-laying hens. Moreover, the transcription activity of ACSL1, ACSL3 and ACSL4 was silenced and ACSL6 was activated by estrogen, but no response to ACSL5. In conclusion, though having highly conversed functional domains, chicken ACSL gene family is organized into two separate groups, ACSL1/5/6 and ACSL3/4, and exhibits varying expression profiles and estrogen effects. These results not only pave the way for better understanding the specific functions of ACSL genes in avian lipid metabolism, but also provide a valuable evidence for gene family characteristics.


Assuntos
Galinhas/genética , Coenzima A Ligases/genética , Evolução Molecular , Metabolismo dos Lipídeos/genética , Família Multigênica/genética , Acil Coenzima A/metabolismo , Animais , Células Cultivadas , Embrião de Galinha , Galinhas/crescimento & desenvolvimento , Galinhas/metabolismo , Coenzima A Ligases/metabolismo , Biologia Computacional , Estrogênios/metabolismo , Ácidos Graxos/metabolismo , Feminino , Perfilação da Expressão Gênica , Regulação da Expressão Gênica no Desenvolvimento , Hepatócitos , Cultura Primária de Células , Domínios Proteicos/genética , Análise Espaço-Temporal , Sintenia
10.
J Ethnopharmacol ; 265: 113324, 2021 Jan 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32890714

RESUMO

ETHNOPHARMACOLOGICAL RELEVANCE: Fufang Xueshuantong (FXST) is a traditional Chinese patent medicine composed of Panax notoginseng (Burkill) F.H.Chen (Araliaceae), Salvia miltiorrhiza Bunge (Lamiaceae), Astragalus propinquus Schischkin (Leguminosae), and Scrophularia ningpoensis Hemsl. (Scrophulariaceae). It has been widely used for the treatment of diabetic retinopathy (DR) and exerts a positive clinical therapeutic effect. AIM OF THE STUDY: The aim of this study was to observe the effect of FXST on diabetic rat retinas and investigate its pharmacological mechanism for improving DR. METHODS: The diabetic rat model was established by intraperitoneal injection of streptozotocin. The rats were divided into a normal group, diabetic group, and FXST group. The rats in the FXST group were treated with FXST by intragastric administration for 12 weeks while other rats were given the same volume of normal saline. The haemodynamic parameters of the central retinal artery in the rats were measured by ultrasound. Haematoxylin-eosin staining was utilised to observe the pathological structural changes in the retina. The apoptosis of retinal nerve cells was detected by terminal deoxynucleotidyl transferase dUTP nick end labelling. RNA sequencing was used to screen the differentially expressed genes (DEGs), and enrichment analyses were performed. The DEGs were validated through real-time quantitative reverse transcription polymerase chain reaction (qRT-PCR). RESULTS: The peak systolic velocity, end diastolic velocity, and mean velocity decreased while the resistance index and pulsatility index increased in the diabetic rat retinas. FXST also improved haemodynamics. In contrast with the diabetic group, FXST allayed the disorder and oedema of the retinal structure in addition to reversing the reductions in retinal thickness and retinal ganglion cell number. It also decreased the apoptosis index of retinal cells. A total of 1134 DEGs were identified by RNA sequencing in the FXST group compared to the diabetic group, including 814 upregulated genes and 320 downregulated genes. These genes were enriched in the complement and coagulation cascades as well as the peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor (PPAR) signalling pathway. Several DEGs, including PPAR gamma, perilipin 4, acyl-CoA dehydrogenase long chain, CD55 molecule, and plasminogen activator urokinase, were identified by qRT-PCR, and the results were consistent with the RNA sequencing data. CONCLUSIONS: FXST alleviates DR by improving the haemodynamics and morphological alterations of diabetic rat retinas, which are mediated by complement and coagulation cascades and the PPAR signalling pathway.

11.
Carbohydr Polym ; 251: 117034, 2021 Jan 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33142592

RESUMO

Antithrombotic drugs have some side effects, such as risk of serious bleeding. Development of antithrombotic drugs that inhibit components of the intrinsic coagulation pathway and have a low risk of causing bleeding has recently been a focus of research. Fucosylated glycosaminoglycan (FG), also named as fucosylated chondroitin sulfate (FCS), has potent anticoagulant activity and inhibits intrinsic factor tenase (FXase) complex. Low-molecular-weight FG (LFG) and its oligosaccharides show characteristics of anticoagulant and antithrombotic activities with negligible side effects, such as activation of human FXII, induction of platelet aggregation, and especially, the risk of serious bleeding. They are potential new anticoagulant drugs and have been extensively studied in recent years. This review presents recent findings regarding the preparation, structural analysis, pharmacological activity, and structure-activity relationships of LFG and its derived oligosaccharides, so as to provide a reference for the development of new anticoagulants with low side effects.

12.
Gene ; 766: 145153, 2021 Jan 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32950633

RESUMO

AIM: Acute lung injury (ALI) is the mild form of acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS) which is a common lung disease with a high incidence and mortality rate. Recent studies manifested that some circular RNAs were associated with ALI. In this study, we aimed to uncover the effect of circular RNA circ_0054633 on ALI initiation and progression and proposed a new mechanism related to ALI. METHODS: The lipopolysaccharides (LPS)-induced acute lung injury model were build both in vivo of rat and in vitro of primary murine pulmonary microvascular endothelial cells (MPVECs). Hematoxylin and eosin (H&E) was employed to observe the tissue morphology and estimate the degree of lung damage. We used real-time quantitative polymerase chain reaction (RT-qPCR) to measure the expression level of circ_0054633. The expression levels of inflammatory cytokines IL-17A and tumor necrosis factor-α (TNF-α) were detected by ELISA. The effects of circ_0054633 on MPVECs proliferation and apoptosis were detected with the help of CCK-8 and apoptosis assay, separately. The expression level of NF-κB p65 protein was measured by Western blot. RESULTS: circ_0054633, IL-17A, TNF-α and NF-κB p65 were all overexpressed in LPS-treated rat and MPVECs, and LPS enhanced the proliferation and apoptosis of MPVECs. While circ_0054633 silencing reversed the above promotion effects of LPS on IL-17A, TNF-α expression and MPVECs proliferation and apoptosis. CONCLUSIONS: Quietness of circ_0054633 alleviated LPS-induced ALI via NF-κB signaling pathway, implicating circ_0054633 may be a potential biomarker for diagnose and therapy of ALI.


Assuntos
Lesão Pulmonar Aguda/metabolismo , Proliferação de Células/fisiologia , Células Endoteliais/metabolismo , Inflamação/metabolismo , NF-kappa B/metabolismo , RNA Circular/metabolismo , Lesão Pulmonar Aguda/induzido quimicamente , Animais , Apoptose/efeitos dos fármacos , Apoptose/fisiologia , Proliferação de Células/efeitos dos fármacos , Células Cultivadas , Inflamação/induzido quimicamente , Interleucina-17/metabolismo , Lipopolissacarídeos/farmacologia , Pulmão/efeitos dos fármacos , Pulmão/metabolismo , Masculino , Camundongos , Ratos , Ratos Sprague-Dawley , Fator de Transcrição RelA/metabolismo , Fator de Necrose Tumoral alfa/metabolismo
13.
J Colloid Interface Sci ; 581(Pt B): 698-708, 2021 Jan 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32814193

RESUMO

Surface-enhanced Raman scattering (SERS) induced by largely enhanced electromagnetic (EM) field provides a solid and promising avenue for ultrasensitive molecular detection. Here, a confined Gaussian-distributed EM field for SERS fiber probe with two influencing factors (localized surface plasmon resonance (LSPR) of silver and waveguide propagation of optical fiber) are proposed for the first time. SERS fiber probes with high sensitivity and good reproducibility were synthesized via a novel SnCl2 sensitization aided solvothermal method. The influencing factors and EM field distribution are investigated experimentally and theoretically. The LSPR-induced EM enhancement is observed. By introducing a sensitization procedure, silver particles show smaller sizes and narrower interparticle gaps, significantly influencing the LSPR and EM enhancement of the SERS fiber probe. Moreover, a unique waveguide-propagation-induced EM enhancement is brought up. Waveguide propagation modes of optical fibers influence the intensity and enhancement area of EM field. Further, the EM field distribution of SERS fiber probe is studied. It exhibits a concentrically-increased intensity gradient that is confined in core area with maximum enhancement at fiber core center. This confined Gaussian-distributed configuration of EM field on SERS fiber probe facet is induced by the LSPR of plasmons and waveguide propagation of optical fiber.

14.
BMC Plant Biol ; 20(1): 505, 2020 Nov 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33148168

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Tartary buckwheat has gained popularity in the food marketplace due to its abundant nutrients and high bioactive flavonoid content. However, its difficult dehulling process has severely restricted its food processing industry development. Rice-tartary buckwheat, a rare local variety, is very easily dehulled, but the cellular, physiological and molecular mechanisms responsible for this easy dehulling remains largely unclear. RESULTS: In this study, we integrated analyses of the comparative cellular, physiological, transcriptome, and gene coexpression network to insight into the reason that rice-tartary buckwheat is easy to dehull. Compared to normal tartary buckwheat, rice-tartary buckwheat has significantly brittler and thinner hull, and thinner cell wall in hull sclerenchyma cells. Furthermore, the cellulose, hemicellulose, and lignin contents of rice-tartary buckwheat hull were significantly lower than those in all or part of the tested normal tartary buckwheat cultivars, respectively, and the significant difference in cellulose and hemicellulose contents between rice-tartary buckwheat and normal tartary buckwheat began at 10 days after pollination (DAP). Comparative transcriptome analysis identified a total of 9250 differentially expressed genes (DEGs) between the rice- and normal-tartary buckwheat hulls at four different development stages. Weighted gene coexpression network analysis (WGCNA) of all DEGs identified a key module associated with the formation of the hull difference between rice- and normal-tartary buckwheat. In this specific module, many secondary cell wall (SCW) biosynthesis regulatory and structural genes, which involved in cellulose and hemicellulose biosynthesis, were identified as hub genes and displayed coexpression. These identified hub genes of SCW biosynthesis were significantly lower expression in rice-tartary buckwheat hull than in normal tartary buckwheat at the early hull development stages. Among them, the expression of 17 SCW biosynthesis relative-hub genes were further verified by quantitative real-time polymerase chain reaction (qRT-PCR). CONCLUSIONS: Our results showed that the lower expression of SCW biosynthesis regulatory and structural genes in rice-tartary buckwheat hull in the early development stages contributes to its easy dehulling by reducing the content of cell wall chemical components, which further effects the cell wall thickness of hull sclerenchyma cells, and hull thickness and mechanical strength.

15.
Am J Mens Health ; 14(5): 1557988320970053, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33131385

RESUMO

Reproductive tract inflammation is considered an important cause of male infertility. Increased leukocytes in semen can produce many reactive oxygen species (ROS), which affect sperm function. The aim of this study is to identify the main source of ROS in seminal plasma and to assess the effect of ROS on leukocytes. Semen samples (n = 20) with leukocyte concentration >1 × 106 were collected from a male infertility clinic. This study mainly compares the sperm function parameters of the normal group and the semen white blood cell group >1 × 106. The results identified that ROS in semen was closely related to sperm function parameters, and CD45+ leucocytes were the main source of ROS. Compared with the control group, the concentration of IL-2, IL-4, IL-6, IFN-γ, and TNF-α was higher in the experimental group. Leukocytes in semen may regulate the secretion of ROS through the mammalian target of rapamycin (mTOR) pathway. A considerable amount of ROS can upregulate the expression of IL-6 in leukocytes via the nuclear factor kappa-B (NF-kB) pathway.

16.
Poult Sci ; 99(11): 5560-5571, 2020 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33142473

RESUMO

The accumulation of ammonia in poultry houses is of concern to bird and human health. Acidification of the litter by application of acidifying amendments such as sodium bisulfate (SBS) retains ammonia generated by microbial degradation of uric acid as harmless ammonium in the litter. Although some studies on the effects of litter amendments on specific bacteria and groups of bacteria have been carried out previously, wide gaps in knowledge remain. In the present study, 2 types of samples were prepared and either left unamended or amended with 2.5 or 10% SBS. One set of samples consisted of a 1:1 mixture of built-up litter and fresh poultry manure (L/M); the other of fresh wood shavings and fresh poultry manure (S/M). The samples were kept in the laboratory at room temperature for 35 d. The pH of unamended mixtures increased to 7.3 and 6.9 for L/M and S/M, respectively. A pH of 6.7 and 3.9 on day 35 was observed for L/M and SM with 2.5% SBS, respectively. The corresponding values for LM and SM amended with 10% SBS were 3.5 and 2.5, respectively. Plating data indicated that coliforms became less numerous in the unamended samples than the SBS-amended samples. This difference was also seen in data obtained by high-throughput sequencing of 16S rDNA. The sequencing data also indicated that sequences from the genus Oceanisphaera accounted for as much as 80% of the sequences from L/M and about 40% of those from S/M samples early on. Sequences from members of the order Clostridiales were enriched in L/M and S/M amended with 10% SBS as were sequences from the genus Turicibacter. Weisella species sequences were more prevalent in SBS-amended samples than in unamended ones. Sequences from the genus Corynebacterium, Brachybacterium, and Arthrobacter were more common in L/M samples than in S/M samples regardless of the SBS content. The data indicate that litter amendments affect some bacteria populations and not others. Further studies are required to determine if the observed population changes such as increased survival of coliforms warrant actions to improve the microbial quality of litter to be reused.

17.
Zhongguo Dang Dai Er Ke Za Zhi ; 22(11): 1178-1182, 2020 Nov.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33172551

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To study the intelligence structure and clinical features of children with attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) and specific learning disorder (SLD). METHODS: A retrospective analysis was performed on 88 school-age children with ADHD. According to the presence or absence of SLD, they were divided into two groups: simple ADHD group with 45 children and ADHD+SLD group with 43 children. Intelligence structure and clinical features were compared between the two groups. RESULTS: Compared with the simple ADHD group, the ADHD+SLD group had significantly lower verbal intelligence quotient (VIQ), performance intelligence quotient (PIQ), and full intelligence quotient (FIQ) (P<0.05), significantly lower scores of VIQ factors (including information, similarities, arithmetic, and recitation) (P<0.05), and significantly lower scores of PIQ factors (including picture completion, picture arrangement, block design, and object assembly) (P<0.05). The development of SLD was negatively correlated with FIQ, VIQ, and PIQ. It was also negatively correlated with the scores of intelligence structure factors (including information, similarities, arithmetic, recitation, picture completion, picture arrangement, block design, and object assembly) (P<0.05). CONCLUSIONS: Children with ADHD and SLD have poorer FIQ, VIQ, and PIQ than those with ADHD alone, which mainly manifests as the weak abilities of most intelligence structure factors. It is necessary to pay attention to the management and intervention of SLD in school-age children with ADHD.

18.
Aging (Albany NY) ; 12(21): 21186-21201, 2020 Oct 31.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33130636

RESUMO

Adipose-derived mesenchymal stem cells (ADSCs) are pluripotent stromal cells that can differentiate into a variety of cell types, including skin cells. High-throughput sequencing was performed on cells of different ages and cell passage, obtaining their methylation, mRNA expression, and protein profile data. The stemness of each sample was then calculated using the TCGAbiolinks package in R. Co-expression modules were identified using WGCNA, and a crosstalk analysis was performed on the corresponding modules. The ClusterProfile package was used for the functional annotation of module genes. Finally, the regulatory network diagram was visualized using the Cytoscape software. First, a total of 16 modules were identified, where 3 modules were screened that were most relevant to the phenotype. 29 genes were screened in combination of the RNA seq, DNA methylation seq and protein iTRAQ. Finally, a comprehensive landscape comprised of RNA expression, DNA methylation and protein profiles of age relevant ADSCs was constructed. Overall, the different omics of ADSCs were comprehensively analyzed in order to reveal mechanisms pertaining to their growth and development. The effects of age, cell passage, and stemness on the therapeutic effect of ADSCs were explored. Additionally, a theoretical basis for selecting appropriate ADSC donors for regenerative medicine was provided.

19.
Biochem Cell Biol ; 98(6): 709-718, 2020 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33210543

RESUMO

Hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) is one of the most common causes of cancer-related deaths worldwide, especially in developing countries. Although advances in surgical procedures and targeted medicine have improved the overall survival of patients with HCC, the prognosis is poor. Hence, there is a need to identify novel therapeutic targets for HCC. Here, we report that the expression of RP11-909N17.2, a novel, long, noncoding RNA (lncRNA), is dysregulated in patients with HCC and cell lines. Additionally, this study demonstrated that RP11-909N17.2 facilitates the proliferation and invasion of HCC cells by binding to miRNA-767-3p, a tumor-suppressive microRNA (miRNA). Small integral membrane protein 7 (SMIM7) was identified as the downstream target of miRNA-767-3p. The expression of SMIM7 was upregulated in HCC clinical samples and cell lines. Moreover, SMIM7 was involved in the proliferation and invasion of HCC cells. Furthermore, SMIM7 inhibited the apoptosis of HCC cells, which indicated the oncogenic role of SMIM7 in HCC. The findings of this study suggest that the lncRNA-miRNA-mRNA regulatory axis, which regulates the pathogenesis of HCC, can be a potential novel diagnostic and therapeutic target for HCC.

20.
Bioresour Technol ; 320(Pt B): 124391, 2020 Nov 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33220546

RESUMO

Molybdenum disulfide nanoparticles (MoS2 NPs) hold tremendous properties in wide domain of applications. In this study, the impact of MoS2 NPs was investigated on algal physiological and metabolic properties and a two-stage strategy was acquired to enhance the commercial potential of Dunaliella salina. With 50 µg/L of MoS2 NPs exposure, cellular growth and biomass production were promoted by 1.47- and 1.33-fold than that in control, respectively. MoS2 NPs treated cells were subject to high light intensity for 7 days after 30 days of normal light cultivation, which showed that high light intensity gradually increased ß-carotene content by 1.48-fold. Furthermore, analyses of primary metabolites showed that combinatorial approach significantly altered the biochemical composition of D. salina. Together, these findings demonstrated that MoS2 NPs at an optimum concentration combined with high light intensity could be a promising approach to concurrently enhance biomass and ß-carotene production in microalgae.

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