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1.
Talanta ; 213: 120850, 2020 Jun 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32200917

RESUMO

Specific detection of Plasmodium vivax lactate dehydrogenase (PvLDH), an important biomarker of malaria, remains a significant challenge. Herein, adenosine monophosphate protected gold-silver bimetallic nanoclusters, Au-AgNCs@AMP were used as a specific and sensitive fluorescence probe to detect PvLDH. After optimizing, a linear response was shown over a wide concentration range (10-100 nM) and an extremely low limit of detection (LOD) at 0.10 nM (3.7 ng mL-1) was achieved finally. Albeit the method was able to detect PvLDH sensitively, it could not discriminate different types of LDHs. Consequently, Al3+ was employed as an "assistant agent", which induced an assay capacity to discriminate PvLDH from other LDHs. The bimetallic nanoclusters inhibited the activity of PvLDH, suggesting it bound near the active site of PvLDH with high affinity. Zeta potential and UV-vis absorption experiments showed that electrostatic interaction was the main driving force for the interaction between the nanoclusters and PvLDH. Through chemical modification it indicated free thiol groups in PvLDH played an implant role in the interaction. Overall, the fluorescence enhancement and blue-shift were attributed to assembly-induced emission enhancement (AIEE) and hydrophobic transfer. The present study provides a simple, robust, and easy-to-perform approach to detect PvLDH with high sensitivity and selectivity, with significant potential for malaria diagnosis in the developing world.

2.
Nanoscale ; 12(9): 5501-5506, 2020 Mar 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32091054

RESUMO

In order to improve the cell-imaging ability, and particularly, to extend the bio-application of AIEgen, human papillomavirus (HPV) capsid protein L1 was assembled with the complex of DNA and aggregation-induced emission fluorogen 9,10-distyrylhydrazine (DSAI), where the virus-like particles (VLPs) of HPV encapsulate the complex via electrostatic interaction. The co-assembled nanoparticles, DSAI-DNA@VLPs, showed homogeneous size (∼53 nm), enhanced fluorescence (8 × 2.5-fold), considerable stability (anti-DNase digestion), improved biocompatibility and commendable protection for the DSAI-DNA complex, ensuring virtual brighter imaging in live cells, both for HeLa and normal 293T cell lines.

3.
Can J Gastroenterol Hepatol ; 2020: 5143013, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32104670

RESUMO

Background and Aim. Upper gastrointestinal bleeding is a threat to patients with gastric varices (GVs). Previous studies have concluded that both transjugular intrahepatic portosystemic shunt (TIPS) and balloon-occluded retrograde transvenous obliteration (BRTO) are effective treatments for patients with GV. We aimed to compare the efficiency and outcomes of these two procedures in GV patients through meta-analysis. Methods: The PubMed, Cochrane Library, EMBASE, and Web of Science databases were searched using the keywords: GV, bleeding, TIPS, and BRTO to identify relevant randomized controlled trials and cohort studies. The overall survival (OS) rate, imminent haemostasis rate, rebleeding rate, technical success rate, procedure complication rate (hepatic encephalopathy and aggravated ascites), and Child-Pugh score were evaluated. Randomized clinical trials and cohort studies comparing TIPS and BRTO for GV due to portal hypertension were included in our meta-analysis. Two independent reviewers performed data extraction and assessed the study quality. A meta-analysis was performed to calculate risk ratios (RRs), mean differences (MDs), and 95% CIs using random effects models. Results: A total of nine studies fulfilled the inclusion criteria. There was a significant difference between TIPS and BRTO in the OS rate (RR, 0.81 (95% CI, 0.66 to 0.98); P=0.03) and rebleeding rate (RR, 2.61 (95% CI, 1.75 to 3.90); P=0.03) and rebleeding rate (RR, 2.61 (95% CI, 1.75 to 3.90); P=0.03) and rebleeding rate (RR, 2.61 (95% CI, 1.75 to 3.90); P=0.03) and rebleeding rate (RR, 2.61 (95% CI, 1.75 to 3.90); P=0.03) and rebleeding rate (RR, 2.61 (95% CI, 1.75 to 3.90); P=0.03) and rebleeding rate (RR, 2.61 (95% CI, 1.75 to 3.90); P=0.03) and rebleeding rate (RR, 2.61 (95% CI, 1.75 to 3.90). Conclusions: In this meta-analysis, BRTO brought more benefits to patients, with a higher OS rate and lower rebleeding rate. BRTO is a feasible method for GVB.

4.
Org Lett ; 22(1): 300-304, 2020 Jan 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31841342

RESUMO

A selective C-O cross-coupling reaction between porphyrins and phenols has been developed through 2,3-dicyano-5,6-dichlorobenzoquinone (DDQ)/Sc(OTf)3 oxidation, efficiently delivering meso-etherified porphyrins in good yields (≤93%). The radical complex process was proposed and calculated as the rationalized mechanism to block the homocoupling process. In addition, the switchable selective C-C cross-coupling reaction was achieved by using bulky electron-rich phenols and naphthols under DDQ oxidation conditions.

5.
Mikrochim Acta ; 187(1): 41, 2019 12 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31832775

RESUMO

The fluorescence of adenosine monophosphate-capped bimetallic gold and silver nanoclusters (type AuAgNC@AMP) is strongly enhanced and blue shifted in the presence of Al(III). As confirmed by transmission electron microscopy, the AuAgNC nanodots are converted to larger assembled spheres of type AuAgNC-Al(III). The fluorescence enhancement is attributed to aggregation-induced emission enhancement (AIEE). The fluorescence of the AuAgNC-Al(III) assembly (with excitation and emission maxima at 340 and 540 nm) is quenched by cysteine (Cys). The effect was applied to the fluorometric determination of Cys. The assay works in the 1.0 to 16.0 µM Cys concentration range and has a 50 nM limit of detection. The method was successfully applied to analyze Cys-spiked mineral waters and serum. The quenching mechanism is explored in depth. It is attributed to the partial replacement of AMP by Cys at the surface of the AuAgNC and alteration of the assembly structure from large spherical particles to a strip shape. Graphical abstractSchematic representation of the fluorescence enhancement of bimetallic nanoclusters capped with adenosine monophosphate by using Al(III), and its application in selective and sensitive determination of cysteine via ligand replacement and reassembly.

6.
Org Lett ; 21(24): 10052-10056, 2019 Dec 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31825631

RESUMO

The Brønsted base promoted (3 + 1) annulation reaction of C,N-cyclic azomethine imines and 3-chlorooxindoles was investigated, finally delivering complex hexahydroindeno[2,1-c] pyrazoles incorporating a spirocyclic oxindole motif after an unexpected rearrangement process. The asymmetric version of this new transformation could be accomplished, but slow racemization of the chiral product was observed at ambient temperature. Experiments and DFT calculations were further conducted to elucidate the reaction process and racemization mechanism.

7.
Nat Prod Res ; : 1-8, 2019 Nov 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31746227

RESUMO

Two new phenylpropanoids, named (2'R*,3'R*)-2',3'-dihydroxy-4'-methoxy-caffeoyl butyrate (1), 9-acetoxy syringin (2), and a new dihydrostilbene, named (8'R)-4',5-dihydroxy-4,8'-dimethoxy-2-hydroxyethyl diphenylethane (3), together with five analogues (4-8), were isolated from the flower buds of Magnolia biondii Pamp. Their structures were elucidated by extensive spectroscopic analyses and comparison with literature data. The absolute configurations were deduced by comparison of experimental and calculated gauge-independent atomic orbital (GIAO) 1 D NMR data. Moreover, the isolated compounds (1-8) were evaluated in vitro for their acetylcholinesterase (AChE) inhibitory activities.

8.
Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A ; 116(46): 23264-23273, 2019 Nov 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31662475

RESUMO

Glycolytic enzyme phosphoglycerate mutase 1 (PGAM1) plays a critical role in cancer metabolism by coordinating glycolysis and biosynthesis. A well-validated PGAM1 inhibitor, however, has not been reported for treating pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma (PDAC), which is one of the deadliest malignancies worldwide. By uncovering the elevated PGAM1 expressions were statistically related to worse prognosis of PDAC in a cohort of 50 patients, we developed a series of allosteric PGAM1 inhibitors by structure-guided optimization. The compound KH3 significantly suppressed proliferation of various PDAC cells by down-regulating the levels of glycolysis and mitochondrial respiration in correlation with PGAM1 expression. Similar to PGAM1 depletion, KH3 dramatically hampered the canonic pathways highly involved in cancer metabolism and development. Additionally, we observed the shared expression profiles of several signature pathways at 12 h after treatment in multiple PDAC primary cells of which the matched patient-derived xenograft (PDX) models responded similarly to KH3 in the 2 wk treatment. The better responses to KH3 in PDXs were associated with higher expression of PGAM1 and longer/stronger suppressions of cancer metabolic pathways. Taken together, our findings demonstrate a strategy of targeting cancer metabolism by PGAM1 inhibition in PDAC. Also, this work provided "proof of concept" for the potential application of metabolic treatment in clinical practice.

9.
World J Pediatr ; 2019 Oct 22.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31641939

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Overexpression of the components of the Janus kinase/signal transducer and activator of transcription (JAK/STAT) signalling pathway is the key factor of the pathogenic mechanisms underlying systemic juvenile idiopathic arthritis (sJIA). The study aims to investigate the association between miR-21 and the JAK/STAT signal pathway in JIA. METHODS: Total RNA was extracted from peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMCs) in active JIA patients. The relative expressions of miR-21, STAT3 and suppressor of cytokine signalling 3 in PBMCs were measured by real-time polymerase chain reaction and their expressions were measured by western blotting and dual-luciferase reported assay. Rheumatoid arthritis fibroblast-like synovial cell (RASF) was stimulated to become to osteoclasts using macrophage colony-stimulating factor (M-CSF) and factors that can impact on their differentiation ability were identified through the transfection of LV3-miR-21. The expression of STAT3/p-STAT3 was measured by western blot, and the levels of interleukin (IL)-17A, p65, matrix metalloproteinases (MMP)-3, MMP-4 and receptor activator of nuclear factor-κB after the LV3-miR-21 transfection were tested by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay. Finally, the miR-21 targeted STAT3 gene was detected by the dual-luciferase reported assay. RESULTS: The expression of miR-21 was significantly lower in JIA patients than in healthy control (P < 0.05). The level of STAT3 was increased in PBMCs of JIA group compared with control group (P < 0.05). Furthermore, the expression levels of miR-21 in sJIA and polyarticular JIA groups were negatively correlated with STAT3 (r = - 0.5854/r = - 0.6134, P < 0.05). The expression of STAT3 changed little in PBMCS after the stimulation of IL-6 and not in RASFs with transfection of LV3-miR-21. The expression of p-STAT3 decreased after the stimulation of IL-6 in RASFs transfected by LV3-miR-21 (P < 0.05). RASFs were induced into osteoclasts using M-CSF. The number of osteoclasts as determined by tartrate-resistant acid phosphatase staining was significantly lower in group miR-21 mimics as compared with the negative control group (P < 0.05). CONCLUSIONS: We showed that expression of miR-21 was significantly lower in JIA patients compared with healthy control. MiR-21 might affect the JAK/STAT signal pathway by suppressing the expression of STAT3 and phosphorylation of STAT3. MiR-21 could inhibit the production of osteoclasts induced from RASFs by M-CSF.

10.
Quant Imaging Med Surg ; 9(6): 1163-1175, 2019 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31367570

RESUMO

Patients with iatrogenic iliac arteriovenous fistulas (IAVFs) after lumbar discectomy surgeries (LDSs) from our hospital and the published literature were reviewed in order to better understand this clinical phenomenon. Literature from databases about iatrogenic IAVFs after LDSs were retrieved and a patient from our hospital was reviewed with emphasis placed upon the patient's clinical data. From 31 publications and studies of 44 individuals' data, the study revealed L4-L5 and/or L5-S1 intervertebral space levels were mostly involved (62.0%). Most of the patients underwent computed tomography angiography (CTA) and/or digital subtraction angiography (DSA) examinations to confirm the potential diagnosis and rule out other differential diagnosis (86.4%). Most of the patients (63.6%) developed features of high output heart failure months to years after the LDSs, and the majority of them (88.6%) were treated with endovascular repairs. An iatrogenic IAVF after an LDS is a rare occurrence; however, more attention should be paid to it for the purpose of obtaining accurate diagnosis and proper treatment.

11.
BMC Cardiovasc Disord ; 19(1): 163, 2019 07 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31272376

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Patients with acute myocardial infarction (AMI) often accompanied by admission hyperglycemia, which usually predicts a poor clinical outcomes for non-diabetes mellitus. Appropriate cut-point to identify high risk individuals in these patients remains controversial. METHODS: One thousand six hundred ninety-eight non-diabetes AMI patients in this retrospective study were divided into 3 groups according to admission glucose levels (euglycemia group≤140 mg/dL, moderate hyperglycemia group 141-179 mg/dL, severe hyperglycemia group≥180 mg/dL). The primary endpoint of this study was all-cause in-hospital mortality rate. In-hospital motality related risk factors was analyzed by multivariate binary logistic regression analyses. RESULTS: All myocardial necrosis markers and Log NT-proBNP in severe hyperglycemia group were significantly higher than those in the other 2 groups. Logistic regression showed that independent predictors of the in-hospital mortality rate in non-diabetic patients with AMI were age (OR = 1.057, 95% CI 1.024-1.091, P < 0.001), logarithm of the N-terminal pro-brain natriuretic peptide (OR = 7.697, 95% CI 3.810-15.550, P < 0.001), insufficient myocardial reperfusion (OR = 7.654, 95% CI 2.109-27.779, P < 0.001), percutaneous coronary intervention (OR = 0.221, 95% CI 0.108-0.452, P < 0.001) and admission glucose (as categorical variable). Patients with moderate hyperglycemia (OR = 1.186, 95% CI 0.585-2.408, P = .636) and severe hyperglycemia (OR = 4.595, 95% CI 1.942-10.873, P = 0.001) had a higher all-cause in-hospital mortality rate compared with those with euglycemia after AMI in non-diabetic patients. CONCLUSIONS: The all-cause in-hospital mortality risk increases remarkably as admission glucose levels elevated in non-diabetic patients with AMI, especially in patients with admission glucose levels ≥180 mg/dL. Severe admission hyperglycemia could be regarded as prospective high-risk marker for non-diabetic AMI patients.

12.
Opt Lett ; 44(5): 1226-1229, 2019 Mar 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30821754

RESUMO

Perfect randomness is of great significance in various quantum key distribution (QKD) protocols. In this Letter, we investigate the effect of weak randomness on the state preparation in reference-frame-independent QKD (RFI-QKD), which may be implemented with imperfect random numbers or quantum-state encoding devices. In the scenario of weak randomness, the maximal amount of information the eavesdropper can acquire should be carefully evaluated. With practical experimental parameters, we demonstrate that even a small proportion of weak randomness will impact the security of RFI-QKD seriously. Furthermore, we briefly study the side effect of weak randomness on RFI measurement-device-independent QKD (RFI-MDI-QKD), and simulation results show that weak randomness damages the performance of RFI-MDI-QKD more critically than that of RFI-QKD.

13.
Chemosphere ; 218: 205-210, 2019 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30471501

RESUMO

Amphioxus, a cephalochordate found in sand habitats in shallow in-shore seawaters, has been widely used as a model in comparative immunology of chordates. However, the role of microRNAs (miRNAs) in amphioxus under abiotic stress, particularly xenobiotics with strong toxicity, remains largely unknown. Here, a widespread marine contaminant, benzo(a)pyrene (BaP) is used to evaluate its toxic effects on miRNA expression of amphioxus. Six small RNA libraries were sequenced from Branchiostoma belcheri. A total of 144 known and 157 novel miRNAs were identified using deep sequencing and bioinformatics approaches. A total of 58 differentially expressed miRNAs (DEMs) were screened, including 25 up- and 33 down-regulated DEMs under BaP stress. Target genes possibly regulated by DEMs were predicted, and their functional enrichment analyses were performed. Targets of DEMs are primarily involved in xenobiotic and cellular homeostasis, catabolic and transport process. They could be largely linked to nine immune- and toxin detoxification-related pathways, including metabolism of xenobiotics by cytochrome P450, drug metabolism-other enzymes, and drug metabolism-cytochrome P450, etc. Furthermore, quantitative real-time PCR (qRT-PCR) analysis for 12 key BaP-responsive DEMs validates the accuracy of deep sequencing. Experiments were then conducted to investigate their expression responses to BaP stress at different time intervals in detail to further determine their expression dynamic in responses of B. belcheri towards BaP exposure. This study, to the best of our knowledge, investigates the regulatory roles of miRNAs in the toxicological response of amphioxus for the first time, providing valuable information for the protection of lone existing cephalochordate amphioxus.


Assuntos
Benzo(a)pireno/farmacologia , Anfioxos/fisiologia , MicroRNAs/genética , Estresse Fisiológico/efeitos dos fármacos , Transcrição Genética , Animais , Benzo(a)pireno/metabolismo , Biologia Computacional , Regulação da Expressão Gênica , Sequenciamento de Nucleotídeos em Larga Escala , Anfioxos/patogenicidade , MicroRNAs/fisiologia , Poluentes Químicos da Água/farmacologia
14.
Chemosphere ; 218: 609-615, 2019 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30502699

RESUMO

Amphioxus has been widely used as a model for the comparative immunology of vertebrates. Studies have reported that gene expression changes in the amphioxus gill in response to biotic stress, such as microbial and their mimic challenge, but little is known about how gene expression is affected by abiotic stress in the marine environment, such as nitrite. A lack of information regarding gene expression response to abiotic stress hinders a comprehensive understanding of gill defense response in amphioxus. Here, RNA sequencing was used to carry out gene expression profiling analyses of Branchiostoma belcheri gills under nitrite stress. Six libraries were created for the control and treatment groups, including three biological replicates. In total, 2416 differently expressed genes (DEGs) were detected in response to nitrite stress, of which 1522 DEGs were up-regulated in the treatment group in comparison to the control, while the remaining 894 DEGs were down-regulated genes. Functional enrichment revealed that these DEGs are primarily involved in disease, innate immunity, xenobiotic biodegradation and metabolism, and biomolecular processes and apoptosis. We screened 11 key nitrite-responsive DEGs to detect their expression responses to nitrite stress at different time points, and validate the sequencing data using real time quantitative PCR. The results indicated that the expression of gene encoding CYP3A, POD, CASPR1, GST, MAO, DDH, and XDH/XO were induced, while those encoding MRC, GT, DNASE1L, and RIPK5 were reduced, to participate in the anti-nitrite response. This study provides a useful resource for research of molecular toxicology in amphioxus under environmental stress.


Assuntos
Brânquias/efeitos dos fármacos , Anfioxos/genética , Nitritos/toxicidade , Estresse Fisiológico/genética , Animais , Perfilação da Expressão Gênica , Genoma , Brânquias/fisiologia , Imunidade Inata/genética , Anfioxos/efeitos dos fármacos , Reação em Cadeia da Polimerase em Tempo Real , Análise de Sequência de RNA
15.
Fish Shellfish Immunol ; 86: 1053-1057, 2019 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30590167

RESUMO

Amphioxus is a key model for studying comparative immunity of vertebrates. Circular RNA (circRNA), as RNAs with a circular structure, has received little attention until recently, where several studies have reported that circRNA expression changes are involved in the immune response in animals. However, circRNA and its immune role in amphioxus have not been previously studied. Here, circRNAs in Chinese amphioxus (Branchiostoma belcheri) were sequenced, and 1859 circRNAs were identified using two algorithms (find_circ and CIRI). The analysis of miRNA target sites on circRNAs showed that 332 circRNAs may function as miRNA sponges. Furthermore, we identified circRNAs that were conserved between B. belcheri and vertebrates, tracing the origin of these circRNAs within chordates. Additionally, in combination with several key antiviral immune (poly(I:C), pIC) pathways identified in our previous B. belcheri studies, nine circRNAs potentially involved in these pathways were identified using bioinformatic predictions. Among these nine circRNAs, eight were selected to examine their expression response in B. belcheri challenged by pIC in comparison to control using real-time quantitative PCR. The results showed that four circRNAs were induced as part of the antiviral response against pIC, while expression of two circRNAs was decreased, and the expression levels of the remaining two were not significantly altered after pIC challenge. This work is the first to identify circRNAs and reveal their antiviral role in amphioxus. Therefore, it opens a new window to explore the comparative immunology of circRNAs in chordates and the regulatory roles of circRNAs in antiviral immunity in amphioxus.


Assuntos
Anfioxos/imunologia , Poli I-C/farmacologia , RNA/metabolismo , Animais , Expressão Gênica , Anfioxos/genética , Anfioxos/metabolismo , MicroRNAs/metabolismo , Filogenia , Reação em Cadeia da Polimerase em Tempo Real , Análise de Sequência de RNA/veterinária
16.
Peptides ; 112: 125-132, 2019 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30513352

RESUMO

Vascular smooth muscle cell (VSMC) phenotype transition is involved in diabetes-associated cardiovascular diseases. The mechanism of VSMCs phenotypic transition in T2DM was still unclear. Rat coronary artery SMCs were pretreated with liraglutide alone, liraglutide and H89(a PKA inhibitor), neutralizing anti-RAGE antibody or the antioxidant pyrrolidine dithiocarbamate (PDTC; a nuclear factor-κB (NF-κB) inhibitor), followed by treatment with AGE. The morphological change of the SMCs was observed. We also observed the α-actin positive myofilaments and F-actin distribution in SMC through immunofluorescence microscopy. Smooth muscle myosin heavy chain 11(MYH11), α-smooth muscle actin (α-SMA) and myocardin protein expression were detected by Western blot. Collagen I productionS and NF-κB nuclear translocation were also investigated. AGEs induced a transition of SMC from contractile to synthetic phenotype, which was associated with decreased SMC differentiation markers such as α-SMA, MYH11 and myocardin by activating the NF-κB pathway. AGE also increased collagen I production and secretion by SMCs. Liraglutide inhibited AGEs induced SM phenotypic transition and down-regulation of α-SMA, MYH11 and myocardin. Liraglutide also inhibited AGEs induced NF-κB pathway activation and collagen I production. Pretreatment with liraglutide and H89 together did not exhibit this inhibitory effect as mentioned above. Blockade of RAGE in SMCs with neutralizing antibody inhibited AGEs induced phenotypic transition of SMC, and up-regulated α-SMA and MYH11 expression. Liraglutide inhibited AGE induced SMC phenotypic transition, increased SMC contractile markers expression, and decreased collagen production through down-regulation of myocardin, inhibition of NF-κB pathway, and activation of PKA signaling pathway.


Assuntos
Diferenciação Celular , Liraglutida/farmacologia , Contração Muscular , Miócitos de Músculo Liso/fisiologia , Transdução de Sinais , Animais , Antígenos de Diferenciação , Doenças Cardiovasculares/tratamento farmacológico , Doenças Cardiovasculares/etiologia , Doenças Cardiovasculares/fisiopatologia , Diabetes Mellitus Tipo 2/complicações , Diabetes Mellitus Tipo 2/tratamento farmacológico , Hipoglicemiantes/farmacologia , Hipoglicemiantes/uso terapêutico , Liraglutida/uso terapêutico , Masculino , NF-kappa B/metabolismo , Proteínas Nucleares/metabolismo , Ratos , Transativadores/metabolismo
17.
Nanoscale ; 10(48): 23141-23148, 2018 Dec 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30515506

RESUMO

Glutathione S-transferase (GST) is distributed widely in tissues and has been proven to be vital in the body. For example, it catalyzes reduced glutathione (GSH) to a variety of electrophilic substances and thus protects cells against many toxic chemicals. Therefore, GST-related investigations have always been significant for medical and/or life sciences. In the present study, a new material of gold nanoclusters (Au-NCs) protected by GST, Au-NCs@GST, was fabricated via an improved one-step heating method. The products were fully characterized by X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS), transmission electron microscopy (TEM), matrix-assisted laser desorption/ionization time of flight mass spectrometry (MALDI-TOF MS), and Fourier transform infrared (FT-IR) and circular dichroism (CD) spectra. The results confirmed that around 10 gold atoms are encapsulated in one intact GST, forming Au-NCs@GST with strong (QY = 13.5%) red emission at 670 nm. Therefore, a new nanomaterial possessing both strong luminescence and bio-functions of GST was developed, and it has great potential in GST-related investigations. To prove the concept, Au-NCs@GST was successfully applied to detect metronidazole (MNZ) both in solution and in living cells. Therefore, in the present study, we report not only a new nanomaterial of Au-NCs@GST but also a feasible fluorescence probe for antibiotic detection. Both the improved synthetic method and the design concept can be extended to the fabrication of other kinds of metal nanoclusters using different functional proteins for various purposes.


Assuntos
Corantes Fluorescentes/química , Glutationa Transferase/química , Ouro/química , Nanopartículas Metálicas/química , Metronidazol/análise , Células HeLa , Humanos
18.
Onco Targets Ther ; 11: 7643-7653, 2018.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30464513

RESUMO

Background: Acyl-CoA dehydrogenase long chain (ACADL) was revealed to have a correlation with malignant progression of cancer. However, whether ACADL plays a role in clinical therapy remains unclear. The clinicopathological role of ACADL in esophageal squamous cell carcinoma (ESCC) will be discussed in this study. Materials and methods: The expression of ACADL was analyzed via real-time PCR and Western blotting to assess mRNA and protein levels in ESCC cell lines and normal esophageal epithelial cells (NEECs), in six paired ESCC tumors and relative normal tissues. Furthermore, immunohistochemical staining was performed on 135 paraffin-embedded ESCC specimens to assess ACADL expression. The clinicopathological significance of ACADL expression was further investigated via survival analysis and Cox regression analysis. Results: ACADL was found to be markedly upregulated in ESCC cell lines when compared with NEECs. Moreover, various experiments such as quantitative real-time PCR, Western blot, and immunohistochemical analyses all revealed that ACADL expression was increased in all six paired ESCC tumors and matched normal tissues. Furthermore, immunohistochemical analysis revealed an increased level of ACADL protein expression in all 135 paraffin-embedded samples from ESCC patients, which increased with disease progression. Conclusion: We demonstrated that ACADL is overexpressed in ESCC, both in cell lines and clinical specimens. ACADL is found to be a vital regulator in ESCC progression and can predict a worse outcome for ESCC patients, suggesting that ACADL might be a valuable molecule to be targeted for clinical therapy of ESCC treatment.

20.
J Am Heart Assoc ; 7(19): e009162, 2018 10 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30371311

RESUMO

Background Cardiorenal syndrome type 1 ( CRS 1) as a complication of acute myocardial infarction can lead to adverse outcomes, and a method for early detection is needed. This study investigated the individual and integrated effectiveness of amino-terminal pro-brain natriuretic peptide (Pro-BNP), estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR), and high-sensitivity C-reactive protein (CRP) as predictive factors for CRS 1 in patients with acute myocardial infarction. Methods and Results In a retrospective analysis of 2094 patients with acute myocardial infarction, risk factors for CRS 1 were analyzed by logistic regression. Receiver operating characteristic curves were constructed to determine the predictive ability of the biomarkers individually and in combination. Overall, 177 patients (8.45%) developed CRS 1 during hospitalization. On multivariable analysis, all 3 biomarkers were independent predictors of CRS 1 with odds radios and 95% confidence intervals for a 1-SD change of 1.792 (1.311-2.450) for log(amino-terminal pro-brain natriuretic peptide, 0.424 (0.310-0.576) for estimated glomerular filtration rate, and 1.429 (1.180-1.747) for high-sensitivity C-reactive peptide. After propensity score matching, the biomarkers individually and together significantly predicted CRS 1 with areas under the curve of 0.719 for amino-terminal pro-brain natriuretic peptide, 0.843 for estimated glomerular filtration rate, 0.656 for high-sensitivity C-reactive peptide, and 0.863 for the 3-marker panel (all P<0.001). Also, the integrated 3-marker panel performed better than the individual markers ( P<0.05). CRS 1 risk correlated with the number of biomarkers showing abnormal levels. Abnormal measurements for at least 2 biomarkers indicated a greater risk of CRS 1 (odds ratio 36.19, 95% confidence interval 8.534-153.455, P<0.001). Conclusions The combination of amino-terminal pro-brain natriuretic peptide, estimated glomerular filtration rate, and high-sensitivity C-reactive peptide at presentation may assist in the prediction of CRS 1 and corresponding risk stratification in patients with acute myocardial infarction.


Assuntos
Proteína C-Reativa/metabolismo , Síndrome Cardiorrenal/sangue , Taxa de Filtração Glomerular/fisiologia , Infarto do Miocárdio/complicações , Peptídeo Natriurético Encefálico/sangue , Fragmentos de Peptídeos/sangue , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Biomarcadores/sangue , Síndrome Cardiorrenal/etiologia , Síndrome Cardiorrenal/fisiopatologia , China/epidemiologia , Feminino , Seguimentos , Humanos , Incidência , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Infarto do Miocárdio/sangue , Valor Preditivo dos Testes , Prognóstico , Precursores de Proteínas , Estudos Retrospectivos , Taxa de Sobrevida/tendências
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