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1.
J Cell Physiol ; 2020 May 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32415704

RESUMO

In vitro maturation of oocytes is a promising assisted reproductive technology (ART) for infertility treatment, although it is still not a routine technique for human ART due to reduced embryonic development. The aim of the present study was to clarify the possible reasons for reduced capacity of in vitro matured oocytes. Our results showed that the oocytes matured in vitro displayed increased abnormal mitochondrial distribution, reduced mitochondrial membrane potential, and increased reactive oxygen species levels when compared to in vivo matured oocytes. These results were not different in oocytes matured in vitro with or without cumulus cells. Notably, in vitro matured oocytes displayed increased mitochondrial DNA numbers probably due to functional compensation. In vitro matured oocytes showed significantly lower activation and embryonic development rates, and their ability to produce Ca2+ oscillations was much lower in response to parthenogenetic activation, especially in oocytes matured in vitro without cumulus cells with nearly half of them failing to produce calcium waves upon strontium chloride stimulation. These data are important for understanding the reasons for reduced developmental potential of in vitro matured oocytes and the importance of cumulus cells for oocyte quality.

2.
World J Pediatr ; 2020 May 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32405708

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Vasovagal syncope (VVS) accounts for 60-80% of cases of neurally mediated syncope. VVS results from acute orthostatic intolerance and recurrent syncopal attacks, which can seriously affect an individual's quality of life. In addition, some children even experience trauma during attacks. Therefore, it is particularly important to clarify the pathogenesis of VVS. The aim of our study is to reveal the latest research progress of VVS. DATA SOURCES: Literature that involved the pathogenesis of VVS were selected from Cochrane Library (1990-2019), EMBASE (1991-2019) and PubMed (1968-2019) databases. RESULTS: Hypovolemia, autonomic dysfunction, vasomotor dysfunction, baroreceptor reflex abnormalities, endothelial dysfunction, serotonin surges, and gut microbiota were involved in the underlying mechanism of VVS. CONCLUSIONS: VVS is not always a benign prognosis. Various aspects were involved in its pathogenesis. Bezold-Jarish reflex, dysfunction of the autonomic nervous system, genetic factors and so on played important roles in VVS; however, the mechanism remains unclear.

3.
Parasitol Res ; 119(2): 741-748, 2020 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31897788

RESUMO

Blastocystis is an enteral eukaryote with an omnipresent existence in animals and humans globally. Animals have been proposed to be a major reservoir for the transmission of Blastocystis to individuals due to their high prevalence and large amount of zoonotic subtypes. However, limited data on Blastocystis infection in experimental macaques in China exists. The objective of the current study was to investigate the frequency and subtypes of Blastocystis infection in macaques in southwestern China. A total of 505 fecal samples were collected from experimental macaques in Yunnan province and were analyzed by nested PCR and phylogenetic analyses on the basis of small subunit rRNA (SSU rRNA) gene fragments. A total of 235 specimens were positive for Blastocystis sp., and the prevalence of Blastocystis sp. was 46.5% (235/505). Significant differences in prevalence were also observed among the various species of macaques (P < 0.0133, df = 2, χ2 = 8.64) and the different feed types (P < 0.0093, df = 1, χ2 = 6.77). Moreover, three zoonotic subtypes, ST1, ST3, and ST5, were identified by DNA sequence analysis. There were mainly single subtype infections with some mixed subtype infections, and the predominant subtype was ST3. The results suggested a high prevalence and diversified subtypes in macaques in Yunnan province, southwestern China. Macaques are likely to be potential reservoirs capable of zoonotic transmission of Blastocystis sp. to humans. To our knowledge, this study is the first large-scale systematic analysis of Blastocystis sp. colonization in Yunnan province in the subtropics of China; these results contribute to the in-depth study of genetic characteristics and the prevention, control, and treatment of Blastocystis sp. in macaques in Yunnan province and other regions.


Assuntos
Infecções por Blastocystis/epidemiologia , Infecções por Blastocystis/veterinária , Blastocystis/classificação , Blastocystis/genética , Animais , Blastocystis/isolamento & purificação , Infecções por Blastocystis/parasitologia , China/epidemiologia , Fezes/parasitologia , Variação Genética/genética , Humanos , Macaca , Filogenia , Reação em Cadeia da Polimerase , Prevalência , Zoonoses/parasitologia
4.
J Cell Biochem ; 121(2): 1144-1155, 2020 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31463993

RESUMO

We investigated the effect of Wnt11 on mitochondrial membrane integrity in cardiomyocytes (CMs) and the underlying mechanism of Wnt11-mediated CM protection against hypoxic injury. A rat mesenchymal stem cell (MSC) line that overexpresses Wnt11 (MSCWnt11 ) and a control cell line transduced with empty vector (MSCNull ) were established to determine the cardioprotective role of Wnt11 in response to hypoxia. Mitochondrial membrane integrity in MSCWnt11 cells was assessed using fluorescence assays. The role of paracrine signaling mediated by vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF), basic fibroblast growth factor (b-FGF), and insulin-like growth factor 1 (IGF-1) in protecting CMs against hypoxia were investigated using cocultures of primary CMs from neonatal rats with conditioned medium (CdM) from MSCWnt11 . MSCWnt11 cells exposed to hypoxia reduced lactate dehydrogenase release from CMs and increased CM survival under hypoxia. In addition, CMs cocultured with CdM that were exposed to hypoxia showed reduced CM apoptosis and necrosis. There was significantly higher VEGF and IGF-1 release in the MSCWnt11 group compared with the MSCNull group, and the addition of anti-VEGF and anti-IGF-1 antibodies inhibited secretion. Moreover, mitochondrial membrane integrity was maintained in the MSCWnt11 cell line. In conclusion, overexpression of Wnt11 in MSCs promotes IGF-1 and VEGF release, thereby protecting CMs against hypoxia.

5.
J Therm Biol ; 86: 102436, 2019 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31789232

RESUMO

Demand for yellow catfish fry, an economically important farmed fish in China, has increased dramatically. Newly hatched larvae are highly sensitive to changes in environmental conditions, with water temperature (T) and dissolved oxygen (DO) being two important factors that affect their early development. We investigate optimal T (between 19.0 and 33.0 °C) and DO (between 2.0 and 12.0 mg L-1) concentrations on growth and antioxidant enzyme activity of newly hatched hybrid yellow catfish larvae (Tachysurus fulvidraco × Pseudobagrus vachellii) using a central composite design. We use a response surface method to optimize the response variables for survival (S) and growth, and the reduction of oxidative stress, over a 50-day experimental duration. T has a significant effect on specific growth rate (SGR), hepatic malondialdehyde (MDA) content, and superoxide dismutase (SOD) and catalase (CAT) activities (P < 0.05). DO concentration has a significant effect on SGR, S, hepatic MDA content, and SOD and CAT activities (P < 0.05). T and DO also have significant second order effects on SGR, S, SOD, and CAT activities (P < 0.05). Increased DO at low T stimulates SOD and CAT activities and alleviates oxidative damage. Adjusted R2 values for SGR, S, CAT, SOD, and MDA models are 0.734, 0.937, 0.916, 0.894 and 0.826, respectively. A combination of 26.8 °C and 7.3 mg L-1 represents optimal rearing conditions, in that larval growth and antioxidant ability is improved. Results show that T and DO during larviculture of yellow catfish have important implications for aquaculture.

6.
Zhongguo Zhong Yao Za Zhi ; 44(20): 4433-4438, 2019 Oct.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31872629

RESUMO

Traditional Chinese medicines( TCMs) are easily contaminated by fungi during planting,harvesting,processing,transportation and storage. The 2015 version of Chinese Pharmacopoeia stipulates the detection of aflatoxin in Dilong. After reviewing the literature,it has been found that there are no domestic and foreign scholars who have studied the surface fungi of Dilong. Pheretima,known as Dilong in China,is a commonly used TCMs in animal. In this experiment,8 batches of Dilong were collected from retail pharmacies in Beijing. The fungi on the surface of Dilong were cultured by traditional plate method and the single strain was obtained by the top purification method. The fungal colony morphology,microstructure characteristics and DNA barcode were used to isolate and identify the fungi. At the same time,based on Illumina Hi Seq 2500 high-throughput sequencing platform,the diversity of fungi on the surface of Dilong was analyzed. The results showed that 287 strains of 9 species of fungi were isolated and identified by plate method. Combined with 3 kinds of identification method,eight of nine fungi could be identified,respectively,Aspergillus niger,Penicillium,Alternaria nees,A. flavus,and Penicillium oxalicum,Humicola sp.,Talaromyces purpurogenus and A. insuetus,1 kind of fungi was not identified yet. Among them,Penicillium and Aspergillus were the dominant genus. The results of high-throughput sequencing belonged to 2 boundaries,6 gates,19 classes,44 orders,98 families,127 genus and 121 species in different classification levels. Wallemia,Aspergillus and Cordyceps were the dominant genus,and the relative abundances are 63. 33%,15. 28%,and 10. 28%,respectively. Through the diversity study on the surface fungi of Dilong in Beijing retail pharmacies,it can provide a reference for its safe storage and clinical use.


Assuntos
Aflatoxinas , Medicamentos de Ervas Chinesas , Fungos , Alternaria , Animais , Aspergillus , China , Penicillium
7.
Zhen Ci Yan Jiu ; 44(8): 599-604, 2019 Aug 25.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31475495

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To observe the clinical effect of acupuncture plus medication in the treatment of poor ovarian response (POR) patients and to explore its mechanisms in assisting pregnancy. METHODS: A total of 100 volunteer POR women undergoing in vitro fertilization-embryo transplantation (IVF-ET) were recruited in the present study. On the 1st cycle of IVF-ET, these POR women received microstimulation of ovulation program (oral administration of Clomiphene, muscular injection of Menotrophin, Chorionic Gonadotrophin triggering, etc.). Before receiving the 2nd period of IVF-ET, these patients were equally and randomly divided into control, medication (Climen, composed of estradiol valerate and cyproterone acetate), acupuncture and acupuncture+medication (combined treatment) groups according to the random number table. Patients of the medication group were asked to orally take Climen (1 tablet/d for 21 days) beginning from the 3rd day of the menstruation, which was repeated for 3 menstrual cycles. Patients of the acupuncture group received manual acupuncture stimulation of Guanyuan (CV4), and bilateral Taixi (KI3), Sanyinjiao (SP6) of and Tai-chong (LR3) from day 8 to 15 of menstruation (follicular phase), once daily for 3 menstrual cycles. On the 2nd day of menstruation of the 1st and 2nd IVF-ET cycle, the ovarian reserve function was detected, including measurement of serum follicle-stimulating hormone (FSH), luteinizing hormone (LH), and estradiol (E2) contents by using radioimmunoassay, and serum anti-mullerian hormone (AMH) level by using ELISA, and the antral follicles count (AFC) of the ovaries by using a color Doppler ultrasonic diagnosis apparatus. At the end of ovulation induction, the assisted pregnancy indexes and outcomes were detected, including administration of dosage and days of gonadotropin (Gn), the diameter of dominant oocyte, level of E2 on the trigger day, the numbers of ultrasound-guided-retrieved oocyte and the cultivated high-quality embryo (grade 1 and 2). RESULTS: After the treatment, the contents of serum FSH, LH and E2 in the medication, acupuncture and combined treatment groups were significantly reduced (P<0.05), and the content of serum AMH and ovary AFC in the medication, acupuncture and combined treatment groups were obviously increased (P<0.05) in comparison with their own pre-treatment (P<0.05). Compared with the control group, the levels of FSH, LH and E2 contents were notably decreased, and the AMH content and AFC significantly increased in the medication, acupuncture and combined treatment groups (P<0.05). Comparison among the three treatment groups showed that the levels of FSH, LH and E2 were notably lower in the combined treatment group than in the acupuncture group (P<0.05), and the AFC was markedly more in the combined treatment group than in the acupuncture group (P<0.05), and LH content was also significantly lower in the combined treatment group than in the medication group (P<0.05). Regarding the pregnancy-assistant indexes and outcomes, the dosage of Gn in the combined treatment group and the number of Gn administration days in the acupuncture and combined treatment groups were significantly fewer (P<0.05), serum E2 levels on the trigger day in the medication, acupuncture and combined treatment groups, and the high-quality embryo number in the combined treatment group were considerably higher in comparison with their own levels of the 1st IVF-ET cycle in each group (P<0.05). Comparison among the three groups showed that the dosage and number of administration days of Gn in the combined treatment group were fewer than those in the medication group(P<0.05), and the dosage of Gn in the combined treatment group were significantly lower than that in the acupuncture group (P<0.05), E2 content of the combined treatment group was markedly higher than that of the medication and acupuncture groups (P<0.05). The high-quality embryo number in the combined treatment group was obviously larger than that of the medication group (P<0.05). No significant differences were found between the 2nd and 1st IVF-ET cycles in the number of the obtained oocyte, between the acupuncture and medication groups in the E2 content at the trigger day, and the numbers of Gn administration days and the high-quality embryo (P>0.05). CONCLUSION: Acupuncture combined with medication improves the level of endocrinal hormones and ovarian reservation function in POR women undergoing IVF-ET, benefiting the ovary environment of pregnancy.


Assuntos
Terapia por Acupuntura , Reserva Ovariana , Transferência Embrionária , Feminino , Fertilização In Vitro , Hormônio Foliculoestimulante , Humanos , Ovário , Gravidez
8.
J Transl Int Med ; 7(2): 59-68, 2019 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31380238

RESUMO

Background and Objectives: Calcium-sensing receptor (CaSR) is known to regulate hypoxia-induced pulmonary hypertension (HPH) and vascular remodeling via the phenotypic modulation of pulmonary arterial smooth muscle cells (PASMCs) in small pulmonary arteries. Moreover, autophagy is an essential modulator of VSMC phenotype. But it is not clear whether CaSR can regulate autophagy involving the phenotypic modulation under hypoxia. Methods: The viability of human PASMCs was detected by cell cycle and BrdU. The expressions of proliferation protein, phenotypic marker protein, and autophagy protein in human PASMCs were determined by western blot. Results: Our results showed that hypoxia-induced autophagy was considerable at 24 h. The addition of NPS2390 decreased the expression of autophagy protein and synthetic phenotype marker protein osteopontin and increased the expression of contractile phenotype marker protein SMA-ɑ and calponin via suppressing downstream PI3K/Akt/mTOR signal pathways. Conclusions: Our study demonstrates that treatment of NPS2390 was conducive to inhibit the proliferation and reverse phenotypic modulation of PASMCs by regulating autophagy levels.

9.
Soft Matter ; 15(35): 6978-6987, 2019 Sep 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31432880

RESUMO

Fluid invasion in porous media widely exists in many applications, such as waterflooded oil/gas recovery, carbon geo-sequestration, water filtration and membrane distillation. The invasion dynamics is significantly affected by the surface wettability, interfacial tension, pore-throat topology and many other parameters. In this work, we experimentally investigate the effect of surface wettability on the multiphase flow behavior, particularly the interfacial dynamics, through direct visualization of fluid invasion in a porous microfluidic device (micromodel). The micromodels have been fabricated by using a micro-stereolithography 3D printer with acrylate-based resins. With a high printing resolution of up to 2 µm, these micromodels successfully mimic the complex pore-throat features of natural porous media (i.e. rocks) based on their thin-section or micro-CT images. Moreover, the transparency of the as-printed micromodel also enables microfluidic flow imaging. By injecting different fluids into surface-modified micromodels, we observe and study the invasion dynamics, including the lateral interfacial curvature, multiphase flow path and fluid trapping behavior, under various surface wettability conditions. By combining optical flow imaging and numerical simulation, we have systematically analyzed the wettability-dependent residue distribution and revealed four different types of trapping mechanisms. This work offers a novel methodology to study microscale flow in porous media with micro-3D printing and multiphase flow imaging.

10.
Biomed Environ Sci ; 32(7): 520-530, 2019 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31331436

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To investigate the molecular characteristics and intracellular growth ability of Legionella pneumophila (L. pneumophila) strains from 1989 to 2016 in Sichuan Province, China. METHODS: Seventy-nine isolates of L. pneumophila were collected from environmental and clinical sources, including cooling towers, hot springs, bath water, fountains, and patients, and identified with 16S rRNA gene analysis and serum agglutination assay. The isolates were then typed by Sequence-Based Typing (SBT), and Genotyping of forty-two LP1 strains were analyzed by means of multiple-locus VNTR analysis with 8 loci (MLVA-8). All strains were further analyzed for two virulence genes: Legionella vir homologue (lvh) and repeats in structural toxin (rtxA). The intracellular growth ability of 33 selected isolates was determined by examining their interaction with J774 cells. RESULTS: All isolates were identified to L. pneumophila including 11 serogroups, among which the main serogroup were LP1, accounting for 54.43%. Thirty-three different sequence types (STs) from five main clonal groups and five singletons were identified, along with 8 different MLVA patterns. Both the lvh and rtxA loci were found in all 79 strains. Thirty isolates showed high intracellular growth ability in J774 cells. CONCLUSION: L. pneumophila is a potential threat to public health, and effective control and prevention strategies are urgently needed.


Assuntos
Proteínas de Bactérias/genética , Toxinas Bacterianas/genética , Legionella pneumophila/genética , RNA Ribossômico 16S/genética , China , Técnicas de Genotipagem , Humanos , Legionella pneumophila/crescimento & desenvolvimento , Legionella pneumophila/isolamento & purificação , Microbiologia da Água
11.
J Therm Biol ; 83: 47-53, 2019 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31331524

RESUMO

In the process of selecting and developing freshwater aquaculture species, yellow catfish (Tachysurus fulvidraco) have received widespread attention from Chinese farmers, fishery scientists and technologists. Achieving full artificial breeding of yellow catfish would help improve the quantity and quality of fingerlings supplied for large-scale production of this species. Temperature (T) and dissolved oxygen (DO) are the most important abiotic factors affecting the breeding efficiency of aquatic organisms. In this study, the synergistic effects of T and DO on fertilization rate (FR, %), hatching rate (HR, %) and deformity rate (DR, %) of hybrid yellow catfish (T. fulvidraco♀ × Pseudobagrus vachellii♂) were studied by central composite design (CCD) and response surface methodology. A quadratic regression model for the effects of T and DO on FR, HR and DR was established, and the combination of T and DO was optimized. The first and second order effects of T and DO on FR and HR were significant under the conditions of this experiment (P < 0.05). The first and second order effects of T on DR were significant (P < 0.05) but there was no significant effect of DO on DR (P > 0.05). T and DO had significant interaction effects on FR (P < 0.05). High T and high DO environments reduced FR and HR of yellow catfish eggs and increased DR of the newly hatched larvae. The optimal combination of T and DO was 26.0 °C and 8.3 mgL-1, respectively. Maximum FR and HR coincided with minimal DR whose predicted values were 87.2%, 89.1% and 2.7%, respectively, with reliability of 0.979. Maintaining T and DO in the best combination will help to improve breeding efficiency and ensure production of the highest quantity and quality of fingerlings.


Assuntos
Peixes-Gato/fisiologia , Desenvolvimento Embrionário , Fertilização , Modelos Teóricos , Oxigênio/efeitos adversos , Temperatura , Animais , Peixes-Gato/embriologia , Peixes-Gato/genética , Hibridização Genética
12.
Biochem Biophys Res Commun ; 514(2): 530-537, 2019 Jun 25.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31060774

RESUMO

We report that expression of the α-COP protein rescues disease phenotype in a severe mouse model of Spinal Muscular Atrophy (SMA). Lentiviral particles expressing α-COP were injected directly into the testes of genetically pure mouse strain of interest resulting in infection of the spermatagonial stem cells. α-COP was stably expressed in brain, skeletal muscle, and spinal cord without altering SMN protein levels. SMA mice transgenic for α-COP live significantly longer than their non-transgenic littermates, and showed increased body mass and normal muscle morphology at postnatal day 15. We previously reported that binding between SMN and α-COP is required for restoration of neurite outgrowth in cells lacking SMN, and we report similar finding here. Lentiviral-mediated transgenic expression of SMN where the dilysine domain in exon 2b was mutated was not able to rescue the SMA phenotype despite robust expression of the mutant SMN protein in brain, muscle and spinal cord. These results demonstrate that α-COP is a validated modifier of SMA disease phenotype in a mammalian, vertebrate model and is a potential target for development of future SMN-independent therapeutic interventions.

13.
CNS Neurosci Ther ; 25(11): 1262-1269, 2019 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31033189

RESUMO

AIMS: Deep brain stimulation (DBS) has been proposed as an effective treatment for drug-intolerant isolated dystonia, but whether it is also efficacious for posttraumatic dystonia (PTD) is unknown. Reports are few in number and have reached controversial conclusions regarding the efficacy of DBS for PTD treatment. Here, we report a case series of five PTD patients with improved clinical benefit following DBS treatment. METHODS: Five patients with disabling PTD underwent DBS therapy. The clinical outcomes were assessed with the Burke-Fahn-Marsden dystonia rating scale (BFMDRS) at baseline and the last follow-up visit (at more than 12 months). RESULTS: Patients 1 and 3 received unilateral globus pallidus internus (GPi) DBS for contralateral dystonia. The subthalamic nucleus (STN) was chosen as target for patients 2 and 4, due to a lesion located in the globus pallidus. Patient 5 had an electrode in the ventral intermediate nucleus (VIM) for treating predominant tremor of left upper extremity, with unexpected improvement of focal hand dystonia. The scores of BFMDRS movement exhibited favorable improvement in all five patients at the last follow-up, ranging from 52.4% to 78.6%. CONCLUSIONS: Deep brain stimulation may be an effective and safe treatment for medically refractory PTD, but this needs to be confirmed by further studies.

14.
Neural Regen Res ; 14(1): 100-106, 2019 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30531083

RESUMO

Several animal models of migraine have been established, and those based on trigeminovascular system activation are widely accepted. However, most of these models have been established on lower animals, such as rodents, and involve only a single administration of a noxious stimulus. In this study, an inflammatory soup (10 µL), consisting of prostaglandin E2 (0.2 mM), serotonin (2 mM), bradykinin (2 mM) and histamine (2 mM), was injected into the dura mater of conscious rhesus monkeys through an indwelling catheter. The infusion started on day 8 and was repeated every 3 days, for a total of six administrations, to induce neurogenic inflammation. We performed behavioral assessments and measured the expression of the oncogene c-fos, neuronal nitric oxide synthase (nNOS) and calcitonin gene related peptide (CGRP) in the trigeminal system and in multiple brain regions involved in pain processing by immunohistochemical staining. Compared with monkeys in the control group, three of the four animals in the inflammatory soup group displayed decreased motor behaviors, and two showed increased ipsilateral nose and mouth secretions during the stimulus period. Higher expression levels of c-fos, nNOS and CGRP were found in various brain areas of experimental animals compared with controls, including the trigeminal nucleus caudalis, thalamus, hypothalamus, midbrain, pons and other areas involved in pain perception. These results suggest that repeated inflammatory soup stimulation of the dura activates the trigeminovascular system and produces migraine-like pathological changes and abnormal behaviors in conscious rhesus monkeys.

15.
Zhongguo Ying Yong Sheng Li Xue Za Zhi ; 35(5): 390-392, 2019 Sep.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31894668

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To investigate the role of calcium-sensing receptor (CaSR) in the decrease of cardiac function in type 2 diabetic rats. METHODS: Wistar rats were randomly divided into 3 groups including control, diabetic-4 week and diabetic-8 week groups. Rats in the diabetes group were fed with high-glucose and high-fat diet, and intraperitoneal injection of streptozocin (STZ,30 mg/kg) was conducted 4 weeks later to establish a type 2 diabetes model. Cardiac morphological changes were observed by HE staining, cardiac function was detected by echocardiography, and CaSR and PKC-αprotein expressions in cardiac tissue were detected by Western blot. RESULTS: Compared with the control group, the myocardium of diabetic rats showed irregular contraction zone, decreased expression of CaSR protein, increased expression of PKC-α protein, decreased systolic and diastolic functions, and gradually worsened with the prolongation of the course of the disease. CONCLUSION: Hyperglycemia inhibits the expression of CaSR protein in myocardium of diabetic rats by activating PKC-α, which can cause intracellular calcium disorder and lead to decreased cardiac function.


Assuntos
Diabetes Mellitus Experimental , Diabetes Mellitus Tipo 2 , Miocárdio , Animais , Diabetes Mellitus Experimental/fisiopatologia , Diabetes Mellitus Tipo 2/fisiopatologia , Regulação da Expressão Gênica , Miocárdio/patologia , Distribuição Aleatória , Ratos , Ratos Wistar
16.
Front Physiol ; 9: 1422, 2018.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30344495

RESUMO

The liver is an important organ for the regulation of lipid metabolism. In genetically improved farmed tilapia (GIFT, Oreochromis niloticus), fat deposition in the liver occurs when they are fed high-lipid diets over a long term. This can affect their growth, meat quality, and disease resistance. MicroRNAs (miRNAs) are known to be crucial regulatory factors involved in lipid metabolism; however, the mechanism by which they regulate lipid deposition in GIFT remains unclear. Comparative miRNA expression profiling between GIFT fed a normal diet and those fed a high-lipid diet showed that miR-122 is closely related to lipid deposition. Using miR-122 as a candidate, we searched for a binding site for miR-122 in the 3'-untranslated region (UTR) of the stearoyl-CoA desaturase gene (SCD) using bioinformatics tools, and then confirmed its functionality using the luciferase reporter gene system. Then, the regulatory relationship between this miRNA and its target gene SCD was analyzed using real-time polymerase chain reaction (qRT-PCR) and western blotting analyses. Last, we investigated the effect of the loss of miR-122 expression on lipid metabolism in GIFT. The results showed that a sequence in the 3'-UTR region of SCD of GIFT was complementary to the miR-122 seed region, and there was a negative relationship between the expression of miRNA and SCD expression. Inhibition of miR-122 up-regulated SCD, increased the expression of fat synthesis-related genes, increased hepatic triglyceride and cholesterol contents, and promoted weight gain in fish. Our results showed that miR-122 targets SCD to mediate hepatic fat metabolism. These results provide new insights for the prevention and treatment of fatty liver disease in GIFT.

17.
J Therm Biol ; 73: 91-97, 2018 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29549996

RESUMO

We investigated the effects of heat stress on genetically improved farmed tilapia, focusing on metabolic and immune responses. Differences in blood parameters, serum biochemistry, muscle fatty acid composition, and microRNA (miRNA) expression were analyzed in fish under heat stress. Fish were exposed to heat stress at 35 °C and sampled at 0, 6, 12, 24, and 48 h after exposure and compared with a control group maintained at 28 °C. The results showed that red and white blood cell counts, hemoglobin levels, and hematocrit values tended to increase (P < 0.05) and reached their maximum levels after 24 h, then declined. Acute heat stress enhanced serum glucose, total protein, and total cholesterol levels, and muscle fatty acid components were also altered. Serum alanine aminotransferase (ALT) activity was significantly increased after heat stress for 6 and 12 h. Polyunsaturated fatty acids levels were increased after heat stress for 12 and 24 h, whereas levels of monounsaturated fatty acids decreased in response to heat stress. Expression of hepatic miR-1 and miR-122 was significantly upregulated, and expression of miR-10c was significantly increased (P < 0.05) only after heat stress for 48 h. Acute heat stress altered metabolism closely related to the immune system and the liver of tilapia. These findings contribute to a theoretical framework for tilapia breeding at high temperatures.


Assuntos
Ciclídeos/metabolismo , Ácidos Graxos/metabolismo , Resposta ao Choque Térmico , MicroRNAs/metabolismo , Animais , Animais Geneticamente Modificados/metabolismo , Análise Química do Sangue , Ciclídeos/sangue , Ciclídeos/genética , Proteínas de Peixes/metabolismo , Masculino , Músculos/metabolismo
18.
Gene ; 660: 1-7, 2018 Jun 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29574186

RESUMO

MicroRNAs (miRNAs) are non-coding RNAs that function as post-transcriptional gene regulators and that play vital roles controlling lipid metabolism. miR-205 is an important miRNA related to adipogenesis and lipid metabolism. However, little is known about the potential role of miR-205-5p in genetically improved farmed tilapia (GIFT, Oreochromis niloticus). In this study, we used miRanda software to search for potential miR-205-5p target genes and found a lipid-metabolism-related gene called acetyl-CoA carboxylase ß (ACACß). Quantitative real-time polymerase chain reaction data indicated that there may be a negative regulation relationship between miR-205-5p and ACACß gene expression under HFD rearing. Using luciferase reporter assays, we verified the binding site of miR-205-5p in the 3'-untranslated region of the ACACß mRNA. Furthermore, an in vivo functional analysis of miR-205-5p was performed by injecting GIFT juveniles with a miR-205-5p antagomir. Reduced levels of miR-205-5p in GIFT liver increased ACACß mRNA expression 12 h post-injection. miR-205-5p suppression also increased fatty acid synthase and peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor-α mRNA levels 48 h and 120 h post-injection, respectively. Taken together, our results indicate that miR-205-5p negative regulates hepatic ACACß mRNA expression, and may serve as an important regulator in controlling hepatic lipid metabolism in GIFT.


Assuntos
Acetil-CoA Carboxilase , Ciclídeos , Proteínas de Peixes , Metabolismo dos Lipídeos/fisiologia , Fígado/metabolismo , MicroRNAs , RNA Mensageiro , Acetil-CoA Carboxilase/genética , Acetil-CoA Carboxilase/metabolismo , Animais , Ciclídeos/genética , Ciclídeos/metabolismo , Proteínas de Peixes/genética , Proteínas de Peixes/metabolismo , MicroRNAs/genética , MicroRNAs/metabolismo , RNA Mensageiro/genética , RNA Mensageiro/metabolismo
19.
Chin Med J (Engl) ; 131(4): 435-439, 2018 Feb 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29451148

RESUMO

Background: The pathogenesis of postural tachycardia syndrome (POTS) remains unclear. This study aimed to explore the changes and significance of sulfur dioxide (SO2) in patients with POTS. Methods: The study included 31 children with POTS and 27 healthy children from Peking University First Hospital between December 2013 and October 2015. A detailed medical history, physical examination results, and demographic characteristics were collected. Hemodynamics was recorded and the plasma SO2was determined. Results: The plasma SO2was significantly higher in POTS children compared to healthy children (64.0 ± 20.8 µmol/L vs. 27.2 ± 9.6 µmol/L, respectively, P < 0.05). The symptom scores in POTS were positively correlated with plasma SO2levels (r = 0.398, P < 0.05). In all the study participants, the maximum heart rate (HR) was positively correlated with plasma levels of SO2(r = 0.679, P < 0.01). The change in systolic blood pressure from the supine to upright (ΔSBP) in POTS group was smaller than that in the control group (P < 0.05). The ΔSBP was negatively correlated with baseline plasma SO2levels in all participants (r = -0.28, P < 0.05). In the control group, ΔSBP was positively correlated with the plasma levels of SO2(r = 0.487, P < 0.01). The change in HR from the supine to upright in POTS was obvious compared to that of the control group. The area under curve was 0.967 (95% confidence interval: 0.928-1.000), and the cutoff value of plasma SO2 level >38.17 µmol/L yielded a sensitivity of 90.3% and a specificity of 92.6% for predicting the diagnosis of POTS. Conclusions: Increased endogenous SO2levels might be involved in the pathogenesis of POTS.


Assuntos
Postura , Dióxido de Enxofre/sangue , Taquicardia/etiologia , Adolescente , Estudos de Casos e Controles , Criança , Feminino , Frequência Cardíaca , Humanos , Masculino , Sístole
20.
Molecules ; 23(1)2018 Jan 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29342933

RESUMO

Safflower injection is well-known as a traditional Chinese medicine used to improve the blood circulation. In this study, seven safflower injection samples from different companies were evaluated for their in vitro anticoagulant activity by measuring their activated partial thromboplastin time (APTT) and prothrombin time (PT) against human plasma. The screening results suggested that the safflower injections exhibited a significant prolonging influence on APTT (p < 0.05 vs. the control group), but not on prolonging PT (p > 0.05 vs. the control group). The safflower injection was separated into four fractions, and among them, fraction four demonstrated the most anticoagulant activity, with an APTT of 95.4 ± 1.4 s at a concentration of 4.0 µg/µL (p < 0.01 vs. control group). In addition, three active components, p-hydroxybenzaldehyde, p-hydroxy-cinnamic acid, and (8Z)-decaene-4,6-diyne-1-O-ß-d-glucopyranoside were isolated from fraction four with Sephadex LH-20 and C18 column chromatography. All three active components showed significant prolonging of APTT (p < 0.05 vs. control group). Among them, p-hydroxy-cinnamic acid exhibited the most activity (p < 0.01 vs. control group). The results indicated that safflower injection strongly affects the intrinsic coagulation system, and we suggest that this might be the mechanism by which the safflower injection activates and promotes blood circulation.


Assuntos
Anticoagulantes/química , Anticoagulantes/farmacologia , Carthamus tinctorius/química , Medicamentos de Ervas Chinesas/química , Medicamentos de Ervas Chinesas/farmacologia , Anticoagulantes/administração & dosagem , Cromatografia Líquida de Alta Pressão , Medicamentos de Ervas Chinesas/administração & dosagem , Humanos , Espectroscopia de Ressonância Magnética , Estrutura Molecular , Tempo de Tromboplastina Parcial , Compostos Fitoquímicos/química , Compostos Fitoquímicos/farmacologia , Tempo de Protrombina
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