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1.
Int Heart J ; 62(5): 1135-1144, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34588407

RESUMO

Myocardial fibrosis is an important pathological phenomenon of cardiac remodeling that is induced by hypertension, myocardial ischemia, valvular heart disease, hypertrophic cardiomyopathy, and other heart diseases and can progress to heart failure. Urotensin II (UII) is regarded as a cardiovascular autacoid/hormone that is not only the most potent vasoconstrictor in mammals but also involved in cardiac remodeling. However, the molecular mechanisms responsible for UII-induced cardiac fibrosis have not yet been fully elucidated. Therefore, we aimed to investigate the effect of UII on myocardial fibrosis in cardiac hypertrophy and the mechanism of UII-induced cardiac fibrosis. Cardiac tissue from mice subjected to Transverse aortic constriction (TAC) was collected. Cardiac hypertrophy, myocardial fibrosis, and the expression of UII protein were assessed using echocardiography and pathological and molecular biological analyses. The effect of UII on fibrosis was evaluated in UII-treated mice and isolated rat primary cardiac fibroblasts, and the results indicated that UII induced significant myocardial fibrosis and increases in the proliferation and fibrotic responses both in mice and cultured fibroblasts. Mechanistically, UII treatment induced activation of the TGF-ß/Smad signaling pathway, which was suppressed by the UII receptor antagonist. In conclusion, UII plays critical roles in cardiac fibrosis by modulating the TGF-ß/Smads signaling pathway, which may be a promising therapeutic target in hypertrophic cardiomyopathy and related problems, such as cardiac remodeling and heart failure.

2.
Talanta ; 235: 122747, 2021 Dec 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34517615

RESUMO

Microchip capillary electrophoresis (MCE) is a powerful technique for rapid separation; however, its acceptance in routine laboratories is still limited. Compromises caused by the efforts for solving different problems, such as reducing its cost of fabrication and ensuring high separation efficiency, undermine the competitiveness of this technology compared to other separation techniques. Contrary to the conventional pursuit of narrow microchannels, this study investigated the suitability of microchips with channels at the sub-millimeter level, targeting the simplification of the overall operation, cost reduction, and robustness improvement. To this effect, we considered the influence of pressurized flow and Joule heating on the separation. The suppression of pressurized flow with viscous solutions was confirmed through a combination of simulations and experimental results, indicating that the buffer viscosity was enough for successful separation. We fabricated channels of 200 µm × 230 µm using computer numerical controlled (CNC) machining and obtained theoretical plate numbers of 4.8 × 105 m-1 and 5.3 × 105 m-1 for fluorescein isothiocyanate (FITC) labeled small molecules and DNA fragments, respectively, with a buffer viscosity of 168 mPa s (0.5 % hydroxypropyl methylcellulose, HPMC). These values are comparable with that of narrow-bore microchips. Furthermore, we did not observe any deleterious effects with low-conductivity buffers. We investigated the rapid and highly sensitive detection of mycoplasma contamination and the real samples of circulating cell-free DNA (cfDNA), which gave a limit of detection (LOD) as low as 2.3 ng mL-1. Owing to the significant reduction in cost, ease of operation, and fast separation capabilities demonstrated in this work, MCE can be a viable alternative to the usual slab gel electrophoresis running in most biological laboratories.


Assuntos
Eletroforese em Microchip , DNA , Eletroforese Capilar , Derivados da Hipromelose , Limite de Detecção
3.
Plant J ; 2021 Sep 27.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34580960

RESUMO

Fruit ripening in tomato (Solanum lycopersicum) is the result of selective expression of ripening-related genes, which are regulated by transcription factors (TFs). The NAC (NAM, ATAF1/2, and CUC2) TFs family is one of the largest families of plant-specific TFs and members are involved in a variety of plant physiological activities including fruit ripening. Fruit ripening-associated NAC TFs studied in tomato to date include NAC-NOR (non-ripening), SlNOR-like1 (non-ripening like1), SlNAC1, and SlNAC4. Considering the large number of NAC genes in the tomato genome, there is little information about the possible roles of other NAC members in fruit ripening, and research on their target genes is lacking. In this study, we characterize SlNAM1, a NAC TF, which positively regulates the initiation of tomato fruit ripening via its regulation of ethylene biosynthesis. The onset of fruit ripening in slnam1-deficient mutants created by CRISPR/Cas9 (clustered regularly interspaced short palindromic repeats and CRISPR-associated protein 9) technology was delayed, whereas fruit ripening in OE-SlNAM1 lines was accelerated compared with the wild type (WT). The results of RNA-sequencing (RNA-seq) and promoter analysis suggested that SlNAM1 directly binds to the promoters of two key ethylene biosynthesis genes (1-aminocyclopropane-1-carboxylate synthase: SlACS2 and SlACS4) and activates their expression. This hypothesis was confirmed by electrophoretic mobility shift assays (EMSA) and dual-luciferase reporter assay (DLR). Our findings provide insights into the mechanisms of ethylene production and enrich understanding of the tomato fruit ripening regulatory network.

4.
Sheng Wu Gong Cheng Xue Bao ; 37(8): 2737-2752, 2021 Aug 25.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34472292

RESUMO

Fruit cracking is a common physiological disease. Many fruits such as tomato, sweet cherry, apple, jujube, pomegranate, and litchi are liable to crack, causing considerable economic loss and agricultural resources waste. The mechanisms of fruit cracking are comprehensive. Some correlations have been observed between susceptibility of fruit cracking and some fruit traits (genetic, fruit size, fruit shape, fruit growth rate, water content, fruit skin characteristics, related gene expression, etc). Also, environmental condition (temperature, light, rainfall, etc) and orchard management (irrigation, sun-shade, mineral, growth regulator, etc) can influence fruit cracking. Here, progress in studies on fruit cracking is reviewed to provide a reference for prevention and control of fruit cracking.


Assuntos
Litchi , Lycopersicon esculentum , Frutas
5.
Sheng Wu Gong Cheng Xue Bao ; 37(8): 2856-2869, 2021 Aug 25.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34472303

RESUMO

The environmental gas concentration affects the storage period and quality of fruits and vegetables. High concentration CO2 treating for a long time will cause damage to fruits, However, the specific molecular mechanism is unclear. To analyze the mechanism of CO2 injury in apple, high-throughput sequencing technology of Illumina Hiseq 4000 and non-targeted metabolism technology were used to analyze the transcriptome sequencing and metabolomics analysis of browning flesh tissue of damage fruit and normal pulp tissue of the control group. A total of 6 332 differentially expressed genes were obtained, including 4 187 up-regulated genes and 2 145 down regulated genes. Functional analysis of the differentially expressed genes confirmed that the occurrence of CO2 injury in apple was related to redox process, lipid metabolism, hormone signal transduction process and energy metabolism process. Twenty candidate browning genes were successfully screened, among which grxcr1 (md14g1137800) and gpx (md06g1081300) participated in the reactive oxygen species scavenging process, and pld1_ 2 (md15g1125000) and plcd (md07g1221900) participated in phospholipid acid synthesis and affected membrane metabolism. mdh1 (md05g1238800) participated in TCA cycle and affected energy metabolism. A total of 77 differential metabolites were obtained by metabolomic analysis, mainly organic acids, lipids, sugars and polyketones, including 35 metabolites related to browning. The metabolism of flavonoids was involved in the browning process of apple. Compared with the control tissue, the content of flavonoids such as catechin and quercetin decreased significantly in the damaged apple tissue, the antioxidant capacity of cells decreased, the redox state was unbalanced, and the cell structure was destroyed, resulting in browning. The results of this study further enrich the theoretical basis of CO2 damage, and provide reference for the practical application of high concentration CO2 preservation technology.


Assuntos
Malus , Dióxido de Carbono , Frutas , Regulação da Expressão Gênica de Plantas , Malus/genética , Metaboloma , Transcriptoma
6.
BMC Musculoskelet Disord ; 22(1): 728, 2021 Aug 24.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34429080

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Fragility fracture is associated with bone mineral density (BMD), and most databases used in related researches are instrument-matched. Little is known about the relationship between BMD and fragility fracture risk of native Chinese, especially using local databases as reference databases. OBJECTIVE: To investigate relationship between BMD and risk of fragility fracture in native China. METHODS: 3,324 cases, including 2,423 women (67.7 ± 8.9 years) and 901 men (68.4 ± 11.6 years) having radiological fragility fractures and 3,324 age- and gender-matched controls participated in the study. We measured BMD at posteroanterior spine and hip using dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry (DXA), calculated BMD measurement parameters based on our own BMD reference database. RESULTS: BMDs and mean T-scores were lower in case group (with clinical fragility) than in control group (without clinical fragility). In patients with fragility fractures, prevalence of lumbar osteoporosis, low bone mass, and normal BMD were 78.9 %, 19.3 %, and 1.8 %, respectively, in women, and 49.5, 44.8 %, and 5.7 %, respectively, in men. In hip, these prevalence rates were 67.2 %, 28.4 %, and 4.4 % in females, and 43.2 %, 45.9 %, and 10.9 % in males, respectively, showing differences between females and males. Multivariate Cox regression analysis showed that after adjusting age, height, weight, and body mass index, fracture hazard ratio (HR) increased by 2.7-2.8 times (95 % CI 2.5-3.1) and 3.6-4.1 times (95 %CI 3.0-5.1) for women and men respectively with decreasing BMD parameters. In both sexes, risk of fragility fracture increased approximately 1.6-1.7 times (95 % CI 1.5-1.8) for every 1 T-score reduction in BMD. CONCLUSIONS: Risk of clinical fragility fracture increases with decreasing BMD measurement parameters and anthropometric indicators in native China, and fracture HR varies from gender and site.


Assuntos
Densidade Óssea , Fraturas Ósseas , Estudos de Casos e Controles , China/epidemiologia , Feminino , Humanos , Vértebras Lombares , Masculino
7.
J Formos Med Assoc ; 2021 Aug 24.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34452784

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Noninvasively predicting kidney tubulointerstitial fibrosis is important because it's closely correlated with the development and prognosis of chronic kidney disease (CKD). Most studies of shear wave elastography (SWE) in CKD were limited to non-linear statistical dependencies and didn't fully consider variables' interactions. Therefore, support vector machine (SVM) of machine learning was used to assess the prediction value of SWE and traditional ultrasound techniques in kidney fibrosis. METHODS: We consecutively recruited 117 CKD patients with kidney biopsy. SWE, B-mode, color Doppler flow imaging ultrasound and hematological exams were performed on the day of kidney biopsy. Kidney tubulointerstitial fibrosis was graded by semi-quantification of Masson staining. The diagnostic performances were accessed by ROC analysis. RESULTS: Tubulointerstitial fibrosis area was significantly correlated with eGFR among CKD patients (R = 0.450, P < 0.001). AUC of SWE, combined with B-mode and blood flow ultrasound by SVM, was 0.8303 (sensitivity, 77.19%; specificity, 71.67%) for diagnosing tubulointerstitial fibrosis (>10%), higher than either traditional ultrasound, or SWE (AUC, 0.6735 [sensitivity, 67.74%; specificity, 65.45%]; 0.5391 [sensitivity, 55.56%; specificity, 53.33%] respectively. Delong test, p < 0.05); For diagnosing different grades of tubulointerstitial fibrosis, SWE combined with traditional ultrasound by SVM, had AUCs of 0.6429 for mild tubulointerstitial fibrosis (11%-25%), and 0.9431 for moderate to severe tubulointerstitial fibrosis (>50%), higher than other methods (Delong test, p < 0.05). CONCLUSION: SWE with SVM modeling could improve the diagnostic performance of traditional kidney ultrasound in predicting different kidney tubulointerstitial fibrosis grades among CKD patients.

8.
Acta Pharmacol Sin ; 2021 Aug 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34363007

RESUMO

Glioblastoma multiforme (GBM) is the most common and malignant type of primary brain tumor, and 95% of patients die within 2 years after diagnosis. In this study, aiming to overcome chemoresistance to the first-line drug temozolomide (TMZ), we carried out research to discover a novel alternative drug targeting the oncogenic NFAT signaling pathway for GBM therapy. To accelerate the drug's clinical application, we took advantage of a drug repurposing strategy to identify novel NFAT signaling pathway inhibitors. After screening a set of 93 FDA-approved drugs with simple structures, we identified pimavanserin tartrate (PIM), an effective 5-HT2A receptor inverse agonist used for the treatment of Parkinson's disease-associated psychiatric symptoms, as having the most potent inhibitory activity against the NFAT signaling pathway. Further study revealed that PIM suppressed STIM1 puncta formation to inhibit store-operated calcium entry (SOCE) and subsequent NFAT activity. In cellula, PIM significantly suppressed the proliferation, migration, division, and motility of U87 glioblastoma cells, induced G1/S phase arrest and promoted apoptosis. In vivo, the growth of subcutaneous and orthotopic glioblastoma xenografts was markedly suppressed by PIM. Unbiased omics studies revealed the novel molecular mechanism of PIM's antitumor activity, which included suppression of the ATR/CDK2/E2F axis, MYC, and AuroraA/B signaling. Interestingly, the genes upregulated by PIM were largely associated with cholesterol homeostasis, which may contribute to PIM's side effects and should be given more attention. Our study identified store-operated calcium channels as novel targets of PIM and was the first to systematically highlight the therapeutic potential of pimavanserin tartrate for glioblastoma.

9.
PLoS One ; 16(7): e0255229, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34314442

RESUMO

This study is to assess the influences of climate, socio-economic determinants, and spatial distance on the confirmed cases and deaths in the raise phase of COVID-19 in China. The positive confirmed cases and deaths of COVID-19 over the population size of 100,000 over every 5 consecutive days (the CCOPSPTT and DOPSPTT for short, respectively) covered from 25th January to 29th February, 2020 in five city types (i.e., small-, medium-, large-, very large- and super large-sized cities), along with the data of climate, socio-economic determinants, spatial distance of the target city to Wuhan city (DW, for short), and spatial distance between the target city and their local province capital city (DLPC, for short) were collected from the official websites of China. Then the above-mentioned influencing factors on CCOPSPTT and DOPSPTT were analyzed separately in Hubei and other provinces. The results showed that CCOPSPTT and DOPSPTT were significantly different among five city types outside Hubei province (p < 0.05), but not obviously different in Hubei province (p > 0.05). The CCOPSPTT had significant correlation with socio-economic determinants (GDP and population), DW, climate and time after the outbreak of COVID-19 outside Hubei province (p < 0.05), while was only significantly related with GDP in Hubei province (p < 0.05). The DOPSPTT showed significant correlation with socio-economic determinants, DW, time and CCOPSPTT outside Hubei province (p < 0.05), while was significantly correlated with GDP and CCOPSPTT in Hubei province (p < 0.05). Compared with other factors, socio-economic determinants have the largest relative contribution to variance of CCOPSPTT in all studied cities (> 78%). The difference of DOPSPTT among cities was mainly affected by CCOPSPTT. Our results showed that influences of city types on the confirmed cases and death differed between Hubei and other provinces. Socio-economic determinants, especially GDP, have higher impact on the change of COVID-19 transmission compared with other factors.


Assuntos
COVID-19/epidemiologia , Clima , Fatores Socioeconômicos , COVID-19/mortalidade , China/epidemiologia , Cidades/epidemiologia , Surtos de Doenças , Humanos , Análise Espacial
10.
Biochem Biophys Res Commun ; 571: 131-136, 2021 Sep 24.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34325128

RESUMO

Brain-computer interfaces are a new pathway for communication between human body and the external environment. High classification accuracy for motor imagery electroencephalogram (EEG) signals is desirable by improving the algorithm of feature extraction and classification. A novel algorithm (VLPSO-MFDF) based on the variable length particle swarm optimization (VLPSO) and multi-feature deep fusion (MFDF) is proposed. First, each layer of the deep forest is reconstructed into two same classification modules. Then, several different features are extracted for the motor imagery EEG signal to feed separately to the classification modules. The VLPSO is used to search for the optimal weights for the probability vectors output by each classification module, which can continuously optimize the classification performance. Experimental results demonstrate that the VLPSO-MFDF algorithm can achieve higher classification accuracy for four classifications of motor imagery EEG signals compared with the traditional deep forest algorithm. The proposed method fused multi-domain features and corrected the prediction difference. It was of great significance for improving the performance of the classifier.

11.
Peptides ; 144: 170609, 2021 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34242679

RESUMO

Cell pyroptosis, a new type of programmed cell death, has been recently reported to play important roles in the development of cardiac remodeling. How cardiomyocyte pyroptosis is induced remains to be elucidated. Urotensin II (UII) has been known closely related to cardiac remodeling and the development of heart failure. Inhibition of UII receptors has been shown to be effective in the treatment of cardiac hypertrophy and remodeling. However, it is not clear whether UII might induce cardiomyocyte pyroptosis. We here examined the effect of UII treatment on pyroptosis in cultured cardiomyocytes. Treatment of cardiomyocyes of neonatal rats with UII (500 nmol/l) for 48 hours induced a significant pyroptosis as evidenced by not only increased cell death but also upregulated expression levels of NLR family pyrin domain containing 3 (NLRP3), caspase-1, IL-1ß, IL-18 and gasdermin D (GMDSD)-N which are important markers for the identification of cell pyroptosis. All these pyroptosis responses induced by UII were abrogated by an inhibitor of NLRP3. Moreover, the antagonist of UII receptor, Urantide abolished UII- induced cardiomyocyte pyroptosis. Additionally, inhibition of calcineurin by cyclosporin A rather than that of CaMKII by KN93 suppressed the UII-upregulated expression levels of those pyroptosis markers. We therefore demonstrate that UII might induce cardiomyocyte pyroptosis through calcineurin.

12.
Mater Sci Eng C Mater Biol Appl ; 126: 112164, 2021 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34082967

RESUMO

Reactive oxygen species (ROS) are well-known important initiating factors required for atherosclerosis formation, which leads to endothelial dysfunction and plaque formation. Most of the existing antithrombotic therapies use ROS-responsive drug delivery systems, which have a certain therapeutic effect but cannot eliminate excess ROS. Therefore, the atherosclerosis cannot be treated from the source. Moreover, nanoparticles are easily cleared by the immune system during blood circulation, which is not conducive to long-term circulation. In this study, we developed an intelligent response system that could simultaneously respond to ROS and the shear stress microenvironment of atherosclerotic plaques. This system was formed by red blood cells (RBCs) and simvastatin-loaded micelles (SV MC). The micelles consisted of poly(glycidyl methacrylate)-polypropylene sulfide (PGED-PPS). The hydrophobic PPS could react with excess ROS to become hydrophilic, which forced the micelle rupture, resulting in drug release. Most importantly, PPS could also significantly deplete the ROS level, realizing the synergistic treatment of atherosclerosis with drugs and materials. The positively charged SV MC and negatively charged RBCs were self-assembled through electrostatic adsorption to obtain SV MC@RBCs. The SV MC@RBCs could respond to the high shear stress at the atherosclerotic plaque, and the shear stress induced SV MC desorption from the RBC surface. Using biomimetic methods to evade the SV MC@RBCs elimination by the immune system and to reduce the ROS plays a vital role in improving atherosclerosis treatment. The results of in vitro and in vivo experiments showed that SV MC@RBCs could effectively treat atherosclerosis. Moreover, not only does the SV MC@RBCs system avoid the risk of bleeding, but it also has excellent in vivo safety. The study results indicate that the SV MC@RBCs system is a promising therapeutic nanomedicine for treating ROS-related diseases.


Assuntos
Aterosclerose , Nanopartículas , Aterosclerose/tratamento farmacológico , Biomimética , Humanos , Micelas , Espécies Reativas de Oxigênio
13.
Rapid Commun Mass Spectrom ; 35(16): e9139, 2021 Aug 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34087017

RESUMO

RATIONALE: Herbal polysaccharides have various potential medicinal values. Development of reliable analytical method for the fingerprint analysis of polysaccharides is critical for their quality assessment, origin identification, and authenticity evaluation. METHODS: Mechanochemical extraction (MCE) was used to extract polysaccharide components from different herbal species. Intact polysaccharides were then directly analyzed by direct analysis in real-time mass spectrometry (DART-MS). Standard addition method with isotope-labeled internal standard was used to quantify polysaccharide amounts directly from liquid extract. Multivariate data analysis was further conducted for species classification. RESULTS: The intact and large polysaccharides were decomposed into small fragment ions less than m/z 350 instantaneously using DART ion source. Different polysaccharides showed distinguished fingerprint DART-MS spectra using both individual and mixed herbal species. The liquid supernatant from MCE was validated to be used as direct sample for DART-MS analysis. Quantitation was successfully achieved for polysaccharide contents in Dendrobium officinale from different locations. CONCLUSIONS: A rapid fingerprint protocol in combination of MCE and DART-MS for herbal polysaccharides was developed. The whole process could be accomplished within a few minutes, from raw materials to final spectra, without requirements of pre-digestion and additional sample purification.

14.
Oncogene ; 40(28): 4695-4708, 2021 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34140641

RESUMO

Oxaliplatin (oxa) is widely used in the treatment of colorectal cancer (CRC), but the development of oxaliplatin resistance is a major obstacle to the therapeutic efficacy in patients. MicroRNAs (miRNAs), endogenous noncoding RNAs measuring between 22 and 24 nucleotides, have been shown to be involved in the development of CRC drug resistance. However, the mechanism by which differentially expressed miRNAs induce chemotherapy resistance in CRC has not been fully elucidated to date. Here, we showed the differentially expressed miRNAs in oxaliplatin-sensitive and oxaliplatin-resistant CRC cells through miRNA microarray technology and found that miR-135b-5p was significantly increased in oxaliplatin-resistant cells. And miR-135b-5p was increased in the serum of colorectal cancer patients. More importantly, the miR-135b-5p level in the serum of oxaliplatin-resistant patients was further increased compared to that of oxaliplatin-sensitive patients. Recent studies have shown that protective autophagy is an important mechanism that promotes drug resistance in tumors. The potential role of miR-135b-5p in inducing protective autophagy and promoting oxaliplatin resistance was evaluated in two stable oxaliplatin-resistant CRC cell lines and their parental cells. We further identified MUL1 as a direct downstream target of miR-135b-5p and showed that MUL1 could degrade the key molecule of autophagy, ULK1, through ubiquitination. Mouse xenograft models were adopted to evaluate the correlation between miR-135b-5p and oxaliplatin-induced autophagy in vivo. Furthermore, we also investigated the regulatory factors for the upregulation of miR-135b-5p in CRC cells under oxaliplatin chemotoxicity. These results indicated that miR-135b-5p upregulation in colorectal cancer could induce protective autophagy through the MUL1/ULK1 signaling pathway and promote oxaliplatin resistance. Targeting miR-135b-5p may provide a new treatment strategy for reversing oxaliplatin resistance in CRC.

15.
Res Synth Methods ; 12(5): 590-606, 2021 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34043279

RESUMO

Meta-analytic structural equation modeling (MASEM) refers to fitting structural equation models (SEMs) (such as path models or factor models) to meta-analytic data. Currently, fitting MASEMs may be challenging for researchers that are not accustomed to working with R software and packages. Therefore, we developed webMASEM; a web application for MASEM. This app implements the one-stage MASEM approach, and allows users to apply MASEM in a user-friendly way. The aim of this article is to provide a tutorial on one-stage MASEM and a practical guide to webMASEM. We will pay specific attention to how the data should be structured and prepared for webMASEM, because mistakes in this step may lead to faulty results without receiving an error message. The use of webMASEM is illustrated with an analysis of a meta-analytic path model in which the path coefficients are moderated by a study-level variable, a meta-analytic factor model in which the factor loadings are moderated by a study-level variable, and a meta-analytic panel model in which the effects are moderated by a study-level variable. All used datafiles and R scripts are available online.

16.
J Hazard Mater ; 417: 125986, 2021 09 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33990038

RESUMO

Sensitive, convenient and rapid detection devices for toxic Cr(VI) suitable for filed use are required. Smartphone can be used as the detector, but the quality of images taken with a smartphone may depend on the ambient light and the operator. In this work, two types of low-cost and portable smartphone-based devices used for fluorescence spots brightness and size dual-mode detection of Cr(VI) were constructed with the aid of the 3D printing, which avoids the effect of ambient light and maintains a fixed position of the phone camera relative to the samples. Based on the brightness reflected by the blue channel of RGB values of the images of carbon nanodots, a linear relationship between quenching efficiency and concentration of Cr(VI) in a range of 0.2-150 µM with a limit of detection of 0.058 µM was attained, which is comparable to or better than that from fluorescence spectrometers. With the size variation of fluorescence spots, a linear range of 10-350 µM was acquired and it is more intuitive for direct naked-eye estimation of the concentration of Cr(VI). The applicability of the proposed devices for the detection of Cr(VI) was verified with water and soil samples with recoveries ranging in 95.0-108.2%.


Assuntos
Pontos Quânticos , Carbono , Cromo , Smartphone
17.
Nat Commun ; 12(1): 2662, 2021 05 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33976218

RESUMO

Central leptin action rescues type 1 diabetic (T1D) hyperglycemia; however, the underlying mechanism and the identity of mediating neurons remain elusive. Here, we show that leptin receptor (LepR)-expressing neurons in arcuate (LepRArc) are selectively activated in T1D. Activation of LepRArc neurons, Arc GABAergic (GABAArc) neurons, or arcuate AgRP neurons, is able to reverse the leptin's rescuing effect. Conversely, inhibition of GABAArc neurons, but not AgRP neurons, produces leptin-mimicking rescuing effects. Further, AgRP neuron function is not required for T1D hyperglycemia or leptin's rescuing effects. Finally, T1D LepRArc neurons show defective nutrient sensing and signs of cellular energy deprivation, which are both restored by leptin, whereas nutrient deprivation reverses the leptin action. Our results identify aberrant activation of LepRArc neurons owing to energy deprivation as the neural basis for T1D hyperglycemia and that leptin action is mediated by inhibiting LepRArc neurons through reversing energy deprivation.


Assuntos
Encéfalo/metabolismo , Diabetes Mellitus Tipo 1/metabolismo , Hiperglicemia/metabolismo , Leptina/metabolismo , Neurônios/metabolismo , Receptores para Leptina/metabolismo , Proteínas Quinases Ativadas por AMP/metabolismo , Proteína Relacionada com Agouti/metabolismo , Animais , Glicemia/metabolismo , Encéfalo/citologia , Encéfalo/efeitos dos fármacos , Diabetes Mellitus Experimental/sangue , Diabetes Mellitus Experimental/metabolismo , Diabetes Mellitus Tipo 1/sangue , Neurônios GABAérgicos/efeitos dos fármacos , Neurônios GABAérgicos/metabolismo , Infusões Intraventriculares , Leptina/administração & dosagem , Masculino , Camundongos Transgênicos , Neurônios/efeitos dos fármacos , Receptores para Leptina/genética , Transdução de Sinais/efeitos dos fármacos
18.
Zhongguo Fei Ai Za Zhi ; 24(5): 323-330, 2021 May 20.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34034455

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: MicroRNAs (miRNAs) are short non-coding RNAs that regulate gene expression, influence cellular processes, and promote disease development. Variations in miRNA expression have been observed in many diseases, including hepatitis, cardiovascular disease, and cancer. The aim of this study is to investigate the effect of miR-144-3p on the invasion and metastasis of lung adenocarcinoma by targeting recombinant insulin receptor substrate 1 (IRS1). METHODS: The expression of miR-144-3p in patients with lung adenocarcinoma was queried through bioinformatics database. MirTarPathway was used to analyze the KEGG enrichment pathway of miRNA. The expression and plasmid transfection efficiency of miR-144-3p in lung adenocarcinoma cell lines were detected by quantitative reverse transcription polymerase chain reaction (qRT-PCR). Transwell assay was used to detect the changes of cell invasion and migration ability in different groups. Bioinformatics determined the key genes (Hub genes) of miR-144-3p; Double luciferase target assay was used to detect the mutual binding of miR-144 and IRS1. Western blot assay was used to detect the expression of IRS1 in different cell lines and the expression of after overexpression of miR-144. RESULTS: The expression of miR-144-3p in lung adenocarcinoma tissues was decreased, qRT-PCR results indicated that the expression of miR-144-3p in lung adenocarcinoma cell A549 was significantly decreased (P<0.05), and the overexpressed plasmid was successfully transfected (P<0.05). Overexpression of miR-144 decreased the ability of cell migration and invasion (P<0.05). The expression of IRS1 was up-regulated in lung adenocarcinoma tissues. Survival analysis showed that patients with lung adenocarcinoma with high IRS1 expression had a poor prognosis (P<0.05). Double luciferase assay results showed that miR-144 could specifically identify 3'-UTR of IRS1 and inhibit reporter enzyme expression (P<0.05). Western blot indicated that the expression of IRS1 was increased in A549 cells (P<0.05). After overexpression of miR-144, the expression level of IRS1 protein was decreased (P<0.05). Transwell experiment proved that miR-144-3p could inhibit invasion and metastasis of lung adenocarcinoma cells by targeting IRS1 (P<0.05). CONCLUSIONS: MiR-144-3p inhibits the invasion and migration of A549 cells through targeted regulation of IRS1, thus playing an anticancer role in tumors.

19.
Sci Total Environ ; 788: 147707, 2021 Sep 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34023605

RESUMO

Biochar has the potential to improve soil properties and increase plant productivity. However, due to the different types of soil, plants, and environmental factors, the impact of biochar is likely to vary. We explored the impacts of biochar prepared from an invasive plant Spartina alterniflora on plant performance and soil characteristics in a simulated coastal wetland ecosystem. We investigated the impact of three application ratios (control, 1%, and 5%; weight ratio) of biochar on the germination and growth of a native plant Suaeda salsa, the nutrient content and microbial community characteristics of the rhizosphere soil under three flooding treatments (no flooding, episodic flooding, and continuous flooding). Biochar application had no impact on seed germination of S. salsa, but promoted its seedling growth (biomass, height, root length) and nitrogen content. Biochar application also enhanced soil nutrient content and affected soil microbial community characteristics. Seed germination and seedling growth of S. salsa were sensitive to flooding and were the best under episodic flooding. Notably, flooding inhibited the impact of biochar on S. salsa and rhizosphere soil. In conclusion, biochar can positively affect the growth of S. salsa and improve the quality of rhizosphere soil, especially under no flooding. Our findings highlight the possibility of applying biochar for the restoration of S. salsa in coastal wetlands.


Assuntos
Chenopodiaceae , Microbiota , Carvão Vegetal , China , Nutrientes , Rizosfera , Solo , Áreas Alagadas
20.
Med Clin (Barc) ; 157(4): 164-171, 2021 08 27.
Artigo em Inglês, Espanhol | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33958143

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The outbreak of novel coronavirus pneumonia 2019 (COVID-19) has caused millions of deaths worldwide. It is well documented that troponin predicts the prognosis of patients. Myoglobin is not only an important marker of myocardial injury, but it indicates systemic muscle damage. However, its relationship with COVID-19 was rarely reported. The present study compared the predictive value of troponin and myoglobin on the final prognosis of COVID-19 patients by analyzing the clinical characteristics and serum levels of myoglobin and troponin in severe/critical COVID-19 patients. METHODS: We enrolled 499 consecutive eligible hospitalized patients with severe/critical COVID-19 from February 14 to March 24, 2020 at Leishenshan Hospital, Wuhan, China. Clinical characteristics and laboratory data were collected and compared between the patients who died and survived. We analyzed the receiver operating characteristic curves of myoglobin and troponin. Then, the patients were divided into myo+ group, myo- group, tro+ group, and tro- group, and survival curves were analyzed. The prognostic predictable values of myoglobin and troponin were further analyzed using Cox multifactorial analysis. RESULTS: Myoglobin and troponin were significantly elevated in the death group (134.4 [interquartile range (IQR) 24.80, 605] vs 38.02 [IQR 3.87, 11.73]ng/ml, p<0.001), and troponin was also significantly elevated in the death group (0.01 [IQR 0.01, 0.01] vs 0.04 [IQR 0.02, 0.15]ng/ml, p<0.001). The ROC curves demonstrated that the area under the curve when using myoglobin to predict patient death was 0.911, with a threshold of 1.17, which was equivalent to troponin. Kaplan-Meier survival analysis revealed a significantly lower survival curve in the myo+ group than the myo- group. Multifactor Cox survival analysis showed that troponin was no longer significant (HR=0.98, 95% CI 0.92-1.03, p=0.507), but elevated myoglobin was an independent predictor of death in COVID-19 patients (HR=1.001, 95% CI 1.001-1.002, p<0.001). The analysis of the Cox model for predicting patient death and plotting decision curves suggested that the single factor myoglobin model was superior to troponin, and the predictive value of the multifactor model was superior to the single-factor analyses. CONCLUSIONS: In severe/critical COVID-19 patients, myoglobin and troponin were predictors of mortality and the probability of conversion to critical illness, and myoglobin may be superior to troponin for predictive value.


Assuntos
COVID-19 , Mioglobina , Biomarcadores , Humanos , Prognóstico , Estudos Retrospectivos , SARS-CoV-2 , Troponina
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