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1.
Can J Microbiol ; 2021 Apr 27.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33905664

RESUMO

The diversity and transcription efficiency of GH1 family ß-glucosidase genes were investigated in natural and inoculated composts using a DNA clone library and real-time qPCR. Compositional differences were observed in the functional community between both composting processes. Proteobacteria, Actinobacteria, Firmicutes, and Chloroflexi were the dominant phyla. Twenty representative ß-glucosidase genes were quantitatively analyzed from DNA and RNA pools. Principal component analysis and Pearson's correlation analysis showed that cellulose degradation is correlated with the composition and succession of functional microbial communities, and this correlation was mainly observed in Proteobacteria and Actinobacteria. Compared with inoculated compost, the functional microbial communities in natural compost with a low diversity index exhibited weak buffering capacity for function in response to environmental changes. This may explain the consistency and dysfunction of cellulose degradation and transcriptional regulation by dominant ß-glucosidase genes. Except for the ß-glucosidase genes encoding constitutive enzymes, individual ß-glucosidase genes responded to environmental changes more drastically than the group ß-glucosidase genes. Correlation results suggested that ß-glucosidase genes belonging to Micrococcales played an important role in the regulation of intracellular ß-glucosidase. These results indicated that the responses of functional microorganisms were different during both composting processes, and were reflected at both the individual and group levels.

2.
Infect Dis Ther ; 2021 Apr 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33826105

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Levornidazole is a novel nitroimidazole antimicrobial agent active against anaerobes. We aimed to investigate the pharmacokinetic (PK) profile of levornidazole after single and multiple oral doses of levornidazole tablets in healthy Chinese subjects and propose the dosing regimen based on pharmacokinetic/pharmacodynamic (PK/PD) analysis. METHODS: A single-center, randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled study was conducted with a single ascending dose (250, 500, 1000, and 1500 mg) and multiple doses of 500 mg levornidazole q12h for 7 days. Food effect on PK and absolute bioavailability were investigated at the 500 mg dose level. Blood and urine samples were collected to determine the PK parameters of levornidazole. The probability of target attainment (PTA) and cumulative fraction of response (CFR) were calculated by Monte Carlo simulation to predict the clinical efficacy of levornidazole tablets. RESULTS: Plasma concentration reached peak about 0.5 h after single dose (250-1500 mg) of levornidazole tablets. The maximal concentration (Cmax) and exposure (AUC0-∞) of levornidazole increased linearly with dose. High-fat diet did not affect the absorption extent of levornidazole tablets. The absolute oral bioavailability of levornidazole tablets was 98.3% ± 7.6%, associated with large apparent volume of distribution (48.68 ± 4.92 l) and long half-life (11.93 ± 1.28 h). The urinary excretion of levornidazole was 7.99%. Levornidazole, administered at either 500 mg q12h or 750 mg q24h, achieved a CFR > 95.4% and PTA > 99% for B. fragilis (minimum inhibitory concentration ≤ 1.0 mg/l) infections. CONCLUSION: Levornidazole tablets are absorbed rapidly and completely and distributed extensively with a long half-life and low urinary excretion after a single dose or multiple doses in healthy Chinese subjects. Levornidazole tablets can be taken with or without food. Levornidazole tablets 500 mg q12h and 750 mg q24h are expected to achieve the desired efficacy in B. fragilis infections. CLINICAL TRAIL REGISTRATION: Trial registration number CTR20160786 at http://www.chinadrugtrials.org.cn/ .

3.
Biosens Bioelectron ; 182: 113189, 2021 Jun 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33799025

RESUMO

As one of the most common and noticeable superbugs, methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) has long been a major threat to public health. To meet the demand for effective diagnosis of MRSA-induced infection, it is urgent to establish rapid assay method for this type of pathogen. In this study, an aqueous soluble cellular wall-binding domain (CWBD) protein from bacteriophage P108 was obtained with a recombinant expression technique. It can act as a wide-spectrum binding agent for all MRSA strains and exclude the interference from methicillin-susceptible strains of Staphylococcus aureus and other species of bacteria. To establish a lateral flow assay (LFA) method for MRSA, CWBD-coupled time-resolved fluorescent microspheres (FMs) were used as signal probes for tracing MRSA, and a nitrocellulose membrane immobilized with porcine IgG was used to capture MRSA. With the LFA based on sandwich format, MRSA can be assayed within 10 min with a broad linear range of 6.6 × 102-6.6 × 107 CFU/mL. Its application potential has been demonstrated by assaying different types of bacteria-contaminated real samples. The results suggest that the LFA strip using recombinant CWBD as the recognition agent provides a rapid, portable, cost-effective approach for point-of-care testing of MRSA.

4.
Ann Surg Oncol ; 2021 Apr 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33811304

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The clinicopathology of aneurysmal bone cysts (ABCs) secondary to osteosarcoma has not yet been reported. We conduct a retrospective review of ABCs secondary to osteosarcoma to characterize clinicopathology and influence on the survival of patients with Enneking stage IIB extremity osteosarcoma. PATIENTS AND METHODS: A total of 300 patients with Enneking stage IIB extremity osteosarcoma were eligible for analysis. These cases were divided, according to the pathology of biopsy and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), into ABCs group and no ABCs group. Patients (ABCs versus no ABCs) were compared using a 1:2 propensity score analysis to best match between groups. Clinicopathology and survival data were analyzed. RESULTS: The total occurrence rate of secondary ABCs was 10.3%. A higher prevalence of pathological fractures was observed in the ABCs group (22.6%) compared with the no ABCs group (8.6%) (p = 0.032). Patients with ABCs were more likely to undergo amputation compared with patients without ABCs (p = 0.007). Those with secondary ABCs had poorer response to chemotherapy before and after propensity score matching (p = 0.006 and p = 0.048, respectively). Kaplan-Meier survival analysis showed that EFS and OS distributions were not significantly different between the two patient groups. ABCs were not significantly different in terms of EFS or OS in the multivariate analysis model (p > 0.05). CONCLUSIONS: The presence of secondary ABCs was associated with increased occurrence rate of pathological fracture and high percentage of amputation. Moreover, patients with secondary ABCs had poorer response to chemotherapy. However, the presence of secondary ABCs did not influence survival of patients with Enneking stage IIB extremity osteosarcoma.

5.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 100(11): e24827, 2021 Mar 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33725952

RESUMO

ABSTRACT: GINS subunits, a protein complex composed of GINS1, GINS2, GINS3 and GINS4 in the human genome and the expression level of each GINS subunits plays an important role in different human cancers. As one of the most common malignancies after lung cancer in the world, precise biomarkers for early diagnosis and treatment in breast cancer are important. The purpose of our study was to elucidate the expression and prognostic value of GINS subunits in breast cancer.The purpose of present study was to explore the expression level of GINS subunits in breast cancer patients.In the present study, we investigated the gene alteration, gene expression and potential prognostic value of GINS subunits by using the Gene Expression Profiling Interactive Analysis (GEPIA), UALCAN, cBioPortal, and bc-GenExMiner databases. Then, the GeneMANIA database was used to show the genes that associated with GINS subunits. Furthermore, gene ontology pathway analysis was conducted by using the Metascape database. Finally, immune infiltration analysis in GINS subunits were evaluated using the Tumor Immune Estimation Resource (TIMER) database.Our analyses demonstrated that the expression levels of different GINS subunits were different between breast cancer and normal breast tissues. The expression levels of GINS1, GINS2, and GINS4 were significantly higher in breast cancer tissues than in normal tissues. Survival analysis revealed that increased the expression levels of GINS subunits were associated with poor prognoses in all patients with breast cancer. Gene ontology pathway enrichment analysis of the GINS subunits suggested that GINS subunits involved in pathways including the cell cycle checkpoint, DNA replication and other meaningful signaling pathways.We systemically analyzed the expression, prognostic, clinicopathologic values, and potential functional networks of GINS subunits in breast cancer. Our findings showed that individual GINS subunits could be new potential prognostic biomarkers for breast cancer. However, further verification studies are still needed to prove the clinical value of GINS subunits in breast cancer patients.


Assuntos
Neoplasias da Mama/genética , Neoplasias da Mama/mortalidade , Proteínas Cromossômicas não Histona/metabolismo , Proteínas de Ligação a DNA/metabolismo , Regulação Neoplásica da Expressão Gênica/genética , Biomarcadores Tumorais/genética , Bases de Dados Genéticas , Feminino , Perfilação da Expressão Gênica , Ontologia Genética , Humanos , Prognóstico , Análise de Sobrevida
6.
Opt Lett ; 46(6): 1229-1232, 2021 Mar 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33720154

RESUMO

The theoretical basis and experimental realization of an all-fiber self-mixing laser Doppler velocimetry based on frequency-shifted feedback in a distributed feedback (DFB) fiber laser are presented, which employs a pair of fiber-coupled acousto-optic modulators to adjust the modulation intensity and frequency of the laser self-mixing effect. Moreover, the minimum optical feedback intensity for the velocity signal successfully measured by the interferometer is 5.12 fW, corresponding to 0.16 photons per Doppler cycle. The results demonstrate that the proposed scheme can adapt to the non-contact measurement requirements of the wide-range speed and weak feedback level in the complex environment.

7.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33738738

RESUMO

It is generally recognized that dispersal mode can affect the relative role of environmental and spatial factors in structuring biotic communities. Disentangling the effects of dispersal mode on metacommunity structuring is essential to understanding the mechanisms of community assembly. Despite high seasonal variation in assemblage structure and phenological features of lotic macroinvertebrates, few studies examined the seasonal changes in the relative contribution of environmental and spatial processes. Here, we used two-season (spring and autumn) investigation data to link dispersal mode with local environmental and spatial factors that regulate macroinvertebrate metacommunity in a Chinese high-mountain stream network. Our aims were (1) to disentangle the relative role of environmental and spatial processes on structuring macroinvertebrate with different dispersal ability (aquatic passive: AqPa, terrestrial passive: TePa, and terrestrial active: TeAc) and (2) to determine seasonal shifts in metacommunity structuring processes. We found that assemblages of TeAc (with highest dispersal capacity) in both seasons were influenced more by environmental filtering than spatial structuring, whereas assemblages of TePa were mainly determined by spatial processes. Unexpectedly, AqPa group showed low spatial control in both seasons, probably due to their underestimated dispersal capacity via animal vector. The relative role of environmental and spatial factors was broadly stable across two seasons for AqPa and TeAc groups, but the TePa showed seasonal differences in the relative role of spatial factors, because of their seasonally changing dispersal capacity. In summary, our study emphasizes the use of dispersal mode for understanding metacommunity structuring mechanisms.

8.
Opt Express ; 29(3): 4582-4595, 2021 Feb 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33771032

RESUMO

The optical wireless communication (OWC) technology has been widely studied to provide high-speed communications in indoor environments. The indoor OWC-based positioning function is also highly demanded and the received signal strength (RSS) method has attracted intensive interests, where multiple transmitters are used and the positioning information is provided by estimating the channel gain from each transmitter with known location. However, this process normally requires dedicated positioning time slots, RF carriers or codewords, which limit the system data rate and throughput. To solve this limitation, in this paper we propose a filter-enhanced indoor OWC positioning scheme, where spatial waveform shaping filters are applied to the transmitters, thus enabling the signals from different transmitters to be separated via matched filters at the receiver side. Hence, this approach allows the RSS information to be obtained from the wireless communication signal directly and the positioning function realized without affecting the wireless communication data rate or throughput. In addition, since positioning is realized using the communication signal, continuous positioning can be achieved for real-time tracking. The proposed filter-enhanced positioning scheme is experimentally demonstrated in a near-infrared indoor OWC system with laser transmitters. Results show that an average positioning accuracy of 5.41 cm and 2.5 Gb/s wireless communication are achieved simultaneously. The proposed filter-enhanced positioning scheme can also be applied in visible light communication (VLC) systems with LED transmitters, and the feasibility is verified via simulations. The proposed filter-enhanced scheme provides a promising positioning method in indoor OWC systems without affecting the wireless data communication.

9.
Biosci Biotechnol Biochem ; 85(5): 1140-1146, 2021 Apr 24.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33599725

RESUMO

Ubiquitination is involved in the regulation of numerous cellular functions. Research works in the ubiquitin realm rely heavily on ubiquitination assays in vitro and require large amounts of ubiquitin-activating enzyme (UBA1) and keep ATP supplies. However, UBA1 is hard to be obtained with large quantities using reported methods. We fused Escherichia coli adenylate kinase (adk) and mouse UBA1 and obtained fusion protein adk-mUBA1. The expression level of adk-mUBA1 increased about 8-fold compared with mUBA1 in an E. coli expression system, and adk-mUBA1 was easily purified to 90% purity via 2 purification steps. The purified adk-mUBA1 protein was functional for ubiquitination and could use ATP in addition to ADP as energy supply and had a higher catalytic activity than mUBA1 in cell lysis. adk-mUBA1 can be applied to preparing ubiquitin-modified substrates and kinds of ubiquitin chains in a chemical synthesis process and is a preferable application than mUBA1 in vitro ubiquitination.

10.
Chemosphere ; 273: 129658, 2021 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33529798

RESUMO

In this study, a novel organic-inorganic hybrid flame retardant 10-(1,4-dicarboxylic acid magnesium salt)-9,10-dihydro-9-oxa-10-phosphaphenanthrene-10-oxide (DMMH) was synthesized via neutralization and addition reaction of maleic acid, magnesium hydroxide and 9,10-dihydro-9-oxa-10-phosphaphenanthrene-10-oxide (DOPO), and subsequently used in an intrinsic flame retardant epoxy resin. The chemical structure and morphology of DMMH were analyzed by Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FTIR), X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS) and scanning electron microscopy (SEM). Further, the prepared DMMH was combined with ammonium polyphosphate (APP) to form an intumescent flame retardant system. The thermal stability and flame retardance were evaluated by thermogravimetric analysis (TG), UL-94 vertical burning test, limiting oxygen index (LOI) and cone calorimetry. It was observed that the addition of 1.7% DMMH and 5.3% APP led EP-7 to acquire UL-94 V-0 rating, with the limiting oxygen index of 26.0%. As compared with pure EP, the peak heat release rate, total heat release, smoke production rate and total smoke production of the sample was noted to decrease by 54.5%, 35.1%, 43.6% and 38.1%, respectively. In addition, the introduction of DMMH did not negatively impact the mechanical properties of the epoxy resin.


Assuntos
Compostos de Amônio , Retardadores de Chama , Resinas Epóxi , Magnésio , Polifosfatos
12.
J Mol Evol ; 89(1-2): 73-80, 2021 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33433638

RESUMO

Variation in GC content is assumed to correlate with various processes, including mutation biases, recombination, and environmental parameters. To date, most genomic studies exploring the evolution of GC content have focused on nuclear genomes, but relatively few have concentrated on organelle genomes. We explored the mechanisms maintaining the GC content in angiosperm plastomes, with a particular focus on the hypothesis of phylogenetic dependence and the correlation with deletion mutations. We measured three genetic traits, namely, GC content, A/T tracts, and G/C tracts, in the coding region of plastid genomes for 1382 angiosperm species representing 350 families and 64 orders, and tested the phylogenetic signal. Then, we performed correlation analyses and revealed the variation in evolutionary rate of selected traits using RRphylo. The plastid GC content in the coding region varied from 28.10% to 43.20% across angiosperms, with a few non-photosynthetic species showing highly reduced values, highlighting the significance of functional constraints. We found strong phylogenetic signal in A/T tracts, but weak ones in GC content and G/C tracts, indicating adaptive potential. GC content was positively and negatively correlated with G/C and A/T tracts, respectively, suggesting a trade-off between these two deletion events. GC content evolved at various rates across the phylogeny, with significant increases in monocots and Lamiids, and a decrease in Fabids, implying the effects of some other factors. We hypothesize that variation in plastid GC content might be a mixed strategy of species to optimize fitness in fluctuating climates, partly through influencing the trade-off between AT → GC and GC → AT mutations.

13.
Opt Lett ; 46(1): 114-117, 2021 Jan 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33362029

RESUMO

A fiber autodyne laser feedback displacement sensor based on the effect of the frequency shift is demonstrated. The all-fiber structure enables our system to be easily employed in diverse complex and narrow scenes. By virtue of adopting an ultra-high sensitivity distributed Bragg reflector (DBR) fiber laser as the laser source and the frequency-shift technology to avoid the phenomenon that the measured signal of the low frequency is submerged in the noise, the measurement of the sub-picometer displacement under weak feedback condition has been achieved, which shows a great potential in the field of micro-vibration measurement. Moreover, the proposed system has advantages such as simplicity in system structure, low cost of implementation, and immunity to electromagnetic interference.

14.
J Surg Oncol ; 2020 Dec 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33289124

RESUMO

BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: We investigated the clinical significance of indeterminate pulmonary nodules (IPNs) in patients diagnosed with nonmetastatic, high-grade localized osteosarcoma. METHODS: We retrospectively analyzed the clinical data of 364 patients with nonmetastatic, high-grade localized osteosarcoma. Based on pulmonary computed tomography findings at presentation, the patients were categorized into the no-nodules and the IPNs group and were further categorized into subgroups based on age (<18 and ≥18 years). We performed an intergroup comparison of event-free survival (EFS) and overall survival (OS). RESULTS: At presentation, 276 (75.8%) patients showed no nodules, and 88 (24.2%) patients showed IPNs. The EFS and OS were similar between adults with IPNs (n = 54 [30.5%]) and without nodules (n = 123 [69.5%]) (p = .200 and p = .609, respectively). No significant intergroup difference in OS was observed in pediatric patients (p = .093). However, pediatric patients with IPNs (n = 34 [18.2%]) had poorer EFS than those without nodules (n = 153 [81.8%]) (p = .016). Multivariate analyses confirmed that IPNs were independently associated with poorer EFS in pediatric patients (hazard ratio 1.788, 95% confidence interval 1.092-2.926, p = .021). CONCLUSIONS: This study showed that IPNs at presentation did not affect the survival of adults with nonmetastatic, high-grade localized osteosarcoma but were associated with poorer EFS in pediatric patients.

15.
Nanomaterials (Basel) ; 10(11)2020 Nov 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33233685

RESUMO

GaN quantum dots embedded in nanowires have attracted much attention due to their superior optical properties. However, due to the large surface-to-volume ratio of the nanowire, the impacts of surface states are the primary issue responsible for the degradation of internal quantum efficiency (IQE) in heterostructured dot-in-nanowires. In this paper, we investigate the carrier recombination mechanism of GaN/AlN dot-in-nanowires with an in situ grown AlN shell structure. Ultraviolet photoelectron spectroscopy (UPS) measurements were performed to describe the band bending effect on samples with different shell thicknesses. Temperature-dependent photoluminescence (TDPL) data support that increasing the AlN shell thickness is an efficient way to improve internal quantum efficiency. Detailed carrier dynamics was analyzed and combined with time-resolved photoluminescence (TRPL). The experimental data are consistent with our physical model that the AlN shell can effectively flatten the band bending near the surface and isolate the surface non-radiative recombination center. Our systematic research on GaN/AlN quantum dots in nanowires with a core-shell structure may significantly advance the development of a broad range of nanowire-based optoelectronic devices.

16.
Mol Med ; 26(1): 105, 2020 Nov 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33167857

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Acupuncture treatment possesses the neuroprotection potential to attenuate cerebral ischemia-reperfusion (I/R) injury. Endoplasmic reticulum (ER) stress has been suggested to be involved in the pathogenic mechanism of cerebral I/R injury. Whether acupuncture protects against cerebral I/R injury via regulating ER stress remains unclear. This study aimed to evaluate the role of ER stress in the neuroprotection of acupuncture against cerebral I/R injury and its underlying mechanisms. METHODS: Cerebral I/R injury was induced by middle cerebral artery occlusion (MCAO) in rats. Acupuncture was carried out at Baihui (GV 20), and Qubin (GB7) acupoints in rats immediately after reperfusion. The infarct volumes, neurological score, ER stress, autophagy and apoptosis were determined. RESULTS: Acupuncture treatment decreased infarct volume, neurological score and suppressed ER stress via inactivation of ATF-6, PERK, and IRE1 pathways in MCAO rats. Attributing to ER stress suppression, 4-PBA (ER stress inhibitor) promoted the beneficial effect of acupuncture against cerebral I/R injury. Whereas, ER stress activator tunicamycin significantly counteracted the neuroprotective effects of acupuncture. In addition, acupuncture restrained autophagy via regulating ER stress in MCAO rats. Finally, ER stress took part in the neuroprotective effect of acupuncture against apoptosis in cerebral I/R injury. CONCLUSIONS: Our findings suggest that acupuncture offers neuroprotection against cerebral I/R injury, which is attributed to repressing ER stress-mediated autophagy and apoptosis.

17.
Cancer Med ; 2020 Oct 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33067872

RESUMO

This study aimed to explore the roles of ERCC1/XPF gene polymorphisms in the occurrence of breast cancer in the Uygur and Han ethnic groups in Xinjiang, China. Single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) were detected by TaqMan real-time PCR. The rs11615 G>A and rs2276466 C>G variant frequencies were higher in Uygur patients with breast cancer than in Han patients, while the frequency of rs2298881 C>A was higher in Han patients. We found that rs2298881 C>A (CA vs. CC: OR = 0.35, 95% CI = 0.20-0.60; AA vs. CC: OR = 0.13, 95% CI = 0.04-0.34; CA + AA vs. CC: OR = 0.33, 95% CI = 0.18-0.51; AA vs. CA + CC: OR = 0.24, 95% CI = 0.08-0.62; CA vs. AA + CC: OR = 0.49, 95% CI = 0.29-0.82) was associated with a reduced breast cancer risk and rs3212986 C>A (AA vs. CC: OR = 4.80, 95% CI = 1.79-15.29,; CA+AA vs. CC: OR = 1.71, 95% CI = 1.06-2.77; AA vs. CA+CC: OR = 4.12, 95% CI =1.58-12.89) and rs11615 G > A (AA vs. GG: OR = 3.49, 95% CI =1.54-8.55; GA + AA vs. GG: OR = 1.98, 95% CI = 1.21-3.27; AA vs. GA+GG: OR = 2.87, 95% CI = 1.30-6.85) were associated with an elevated breast cancer risk among Uygur individuals. In addition, Uygur patients with breast cancer with 2-3 combined risk genotypes of ERCC1 had a higher risk than patients with 0-1 risk genotypes (OR = 2.91; 95% CI = 1.54-5.71, p = 0.001). However, we failed to detect a statistically significant association between ERCC1/XPF polymorphisms and breast cancer risk in five genetic models among Han individuals. Our results showed that ERCC1/XPF gene polymorphisms predispose Uygur individuals to breast cancer; this finding should be verified by further large-scale analyses.

18.
Oncol Lett ; 20(6): 308, 2020 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33093917

RESUMO

Aberrant DNA replication is one of the driving forces behind oncogenesis. Furthermore, minichromosome maintenance complex component 3 (MCM3) serves an essential role in DNA replication. Therefore, in the present study, the diagnostic and prognostic value of MCM3 and its interacting proteins in hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) were investigated. By utilizing The Cancer Genome Atlas (TCGA) database, global MCM3 mRNA levels were assessed in HCC and normal liver tissues. Its effects were further analyzed by reverse transcription-quantitative PCR (RT-qPCR), western blotting and immunohistochemistry in 78 paired HCC and adjacent tissues. Functional and pathway enrichment analyses were performed using the Search Tool for the Retrieval of Interacting Genes database. The expression levels of proteins that interact with MCM3 were also analyzed using the TCGA database and RT-qPCR. Finally, algorithms combining receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curves were constructed using binary logistic regression using the TCGA results. Increased MCM3 mRNA expression with high α-fetoprotein levels and advanced Edmondson-Steiner grade were found to be characteristic of HCC. Survival analysis revealed that high MCM3 expression was associated with poor outcomes in patients with HCC. In addition, MCM3 protein expression was associated with increased tumor invasion in HCC tissues. MCM3 and its interacting proteins were found to be primarily involved in DNA replication, cell cycle and a number of binding processes. Algorithms combining ROCs of MCM3 and its interacting proteins were found to have improved HCC diagnosis ability compared with MCM3 and other individual diagnostic markers. In conclusion, MCM3 appears to be a promising diagnostic biomarker for HCC. Additionally, the present study provides a basis for the multi-gene diagnosis of HCC using MCM3.

19.
J Sci Food Agric ; 2020 Oct 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33124688

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Wheat is one of three major food crops in China. Alternaria species can cause spoilage of wheat with consequent mycotoxin accumulation. Alternariol (AOH), alternariol monomethyl ether (AME), and tenuazonic acid (TeA) are the most common and frequently studied mycotoxins. There are limited regulations placed on Alternaria mycotoxin concentrations worldwide due to the lack of toxicity data available. More data on the levels of mycotoxin contamination are also needed. It is also important to reduce the risks of Alternaria mycotoxins. RESULTS: One hundred and thirty-two wheat samples were collected from Hebei Province, China, and analyzed for AOH, AME, and TeA. Tenuazonic acid was found to be the predominant Alternaria mycotoxin, especially in flour samples. Studying Alternaria species that cause black-point disease of wheat indicated that Alternaria alternata and Alternaria tenuissima were the dominant species. Most of the Alternaria strains studied produced more than one mycotoxin and TeA was produced at the highest concentration, which may have resulted in the high level of TeA contamination in the wheat samples. Furthermore, magnolol displayed obvious antifungal and antimycotoxigenic activity against Alternaria. This is the first report on the antimycotoxigenic activity of magnolol against Alternaria species. CONCLUSION: The Alternaria mycotoxin contamination levels in wheat and wheat products from Hebei Province, China, were correlated with the toxigenic capacity of the Alternaria strains colonizing the wheat. Considering its safety, magnolol could be developed as a natural fungicide in wheat, or as a natural alternative food preservative based on its strong antifungal and antimycotoxigenic activity against Alternaria strains. © 2020 Society of Chemical Industry.

20.
Biotechnol Biofuels ; 13: 174, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33088344

RESUMO

Background: Cellulose degradation by cellulase is brought about by complex communities of interacting microorganisms, which significantly contribute to the cycling of carbon on a global scale. ß-Glucosidase (BGL) is the rate-limiting enzyme in the cellulose degradation process. Thus, analyzing the expression of genes involved in cellulose degradation and regulation of BGL gene expression during composting will improve the understanding of the cellulose degradation mechanism. Based on our previous research, we hypothesized that BGL-producing microbial communities differentially regulate the expression of glucose-tolerant BGL and non-glucose-tolerant BGL to adapt to the changes in cellulose degradation conditions. Results: To confirm this hypothesis, the structure and function of functional microbial communities involved in cellulose degradation were investigated by metatranscriptomics and a DNA library search of the GH1 family of BGLs involved in natural and inoculated composting. Under normal conditions, the group of non-glucose-tolerant BGL genes exhibited higher sensitivity to regulation than the glucose-tolerant BGL genes, which was suppressed during the composting process. Compared with the expression of endoglucanase and exoglucanase, the functional microbial communities exhibited a different transcriptional regulation of BGL genes during the cooling phase of natural composting. BGL-producing microbial communities upregulated the expression of glucose-tolerant BGL under carbon catabolite repression due to the increased glucose concentration, whereas the expression of non-glucose-tolerant BGL was suppressed. Conclusion: Our results support the hypothesis that the functional microbial communities use multiple strategies of varying effectiveness to regulate the expression of BGL genes to facilitate adaptation to environmental changes.

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