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1.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32054593

RESUMO

Extranodal natural killer/T cell lymphoma (ENKL), nasal type is a kind of rare disease with a low survival rate that primarily affects Asian and South American populations. Segmentation of ENKL lesions is crucial for clinical decision support and treatment planning. This paper is the first study on computer-aided diagnosis systems for the ENKL segmentation problem. We propose an automatic, coarse-to-fine approach for ENKL segmentation using adversarial networks. In the coarse stage, we extract the region of interest bounding the lesions utilizing a segmentation neural network. In the fine stage, we use an adversarial segmentation network and further introduce a multi-scale L1 loss function to drive the network to learn both global and local features. The generator and discriminator are alternately trained by backpropagation in an adversarial fashion in a min-max game. Furthermore, we present the first exploration of zone-based uncertainty estimates based on Monte Carlo dropout technique in the context of deep networks for medical image segmentation. Specifically, we propose the uncertainty criteria based on the lesion and the background, and then linearly normalize them to a specific interval. This is not only the crucial criterion for evaluating the superiority of the algorithm, but also permits subsequent optimization by engineers and revision by clinicians after quantitatively understanding the main source of uncertainty from the background or the lesion zone. Experimental results demonstrate that the proposed method is more effective and lesion-zone stable than state-of-the-art deep-learning based segmentation model.

2.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32002526

RESUMO

The emergence of vancomycin-resistant Enterococcus faecalis (E. faecalis) in water is threatening the health of human beings. The effect of ultraviolet disinfection on vancomycin-resistant E. faecalis, including the effectiveness, photoreactivation and dark repair of E. faecalis, and the deactivation mechanism were investigated in this work. Ultraviolet disinfection could quickly inactivate the target antibiotic resistant bacterium (ARB), E. faecalis, and it caused damage to the cell membrane and induced the decrease of the total adenosine triphosphate (ATP) content and the superoxide dismutase (SOD) activity significantly (p < 0.05). E. faecalis could reactivate after ultraviolet disinfection especially under light conditions. Furthermore, the removal of the selected antibiotic resistance gene (ARG), vanB, by ultraviolet radiation and the effect on the vancomycin resistance of E. faecalis were investigated, which showed that ultraviolet disinfection had no significant effect on the vancomycin resistance of E. faecalis (p > 0.05).

3.
Biol Trace Elem Res ; 2020 Jan 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32002792

RESUMO

Iron overload is harmful to health and associates with intracellular excessive reactive oxygen species (ROS) generation. Nobiletin (Nob) is known to be antioxidant and anti-inflammatory. However, whether Nob can protect endothelial cells against iron overload has not been studied, and the specific mechanism has not yet been elucidated. In this study, we have identified the protective effects of Nob, and its underlying molecular mechanism in human umbilical vein endothelial cells (HUVECs) suffered from iron overload via ROS/ADMA/DDAHII/eNOS/NO pathway. We found that compared with 50 µM iron dextran treatment, co-treatment with 20 µM Nob increased cell viability and decreased lactate dehydrogenase activity. Besides, Nob could upregulate DDAHII expression and activity, promote eNOS phosphorylation to produce more NO, reduce ADMA content, and therefore increase superoxide dismutase, catalase, and glutathione peroxidase activities, and decrease malondialdehyde level and ROS generation. Nob also inhibited mitochondrial permeability transition pore (mPTP) openness and cleaved caspase-3 expression, and decreased apoptosis induced by iron overload. These results were consistent when Nob was replaced by the positive control reagents L-arginine (a competitive substrate of ADMA), cyclosporin A (an mPTP closing agent), or edaravone (a free radical scavenger). The addition of pAD/DDAHII-shRNA adenovirus reversed the above effects of Nob. These data suggested that the protective mechanism of Nob was to inhibit ROS burst, upregulate DDAHII expression and activity, promote eNOS phosphorylation, produce NO, reduce ADMA content, and ultimately alleviate iron overload damage in vascular endothelium.

4.
Viruses ; 12(2)2020 Feb 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32050494

RESUMO

New strategies against antibiotic-resistant bacterial pathogens are urgently needed but are not within reach. Here, we present in vitro and in vivo antimicrobial activity of TSPphg, a novel phage lysin identified from extremophilic Thermus phage TSP4 by sequencing its whole genome. By breaking down the bacterial cells, TSPphg is able to cause bacteria destruction and has shown bactericidal activity against both Gram-negative and Gram-positive pathogenic bacteria, especially antibiotic-resistant strains of Klebsiella pneumoniae, in which the complete elimination and highest reduction in bacterial counts by greater than 6 logs were observed upon 50 µg/mL TSPphg treatment at 37 °C for 1 h. A murine skin infection model further confirmed the in vivo efficacy of TSPphg in removing a highly dangerous and multidrug-resistant Staphylococcus aureus from skin damage and in accelerating wound closure. Together, our findings may offer a therapeutic alternative to help fight bacterial infections in the current age of mounting antibiotic resistance, and to shed light on bacteriophage-based strategies to develop novel anti-infectives.

5.
BMC Vet Res ; 16(1): 14, 2020 Jan 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31937302

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Virus neutralization test (VNT) is widely used for serological survey of classical swine fever (CSF) and efficacy evaluation of CSF vaccines. However, VNT is a time consuming procedure that requires cell culture and live virus manipulation. C-strain CSF vaccine is the most frequently used vaccine for CSF control and prevention. In this study, we presented a neutralizing monoclonal antibody (mAb) based competitive enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (cELISA) with the emphasis on the replacement of VNT for C-strain post-vaccination monitoring. RESULTS: One monoclonal antibody (6B211) which has potent neutralizing activity against C-strain was generated. A novel cELISA was established and optimized based on the strategy that 6B211 can compete with C-strain induced neutralizing antibodies in pig serum to bind capture antigen C-strain E2. By testing C-strain VNT negative pig sera (n = 445) and C-strain VNT positive pig sera (n = 70), the 6B211 based cELISA showed 100% sensitivity (95% confidence interval: 94.87 to 100%) and 100% specificity (95% confidence interval: 100 to 100%). The C-strain antibody can be tested in pigs as early as 7 days post vaccination with the cELISA. By testing pig sera (n = 139) in parallel, the cELISA showed excellent agreement (Kappa = 0.957) with VNT. The inhibition rate of serum samples in the cELISA is highly correlated with their titers in VNT (r2 = 0.903, p < 0.001). In addition, intra- and inter-assays of the cELISA exhibited acceptable repeatability with low coefficient of variations (CVs). CONCLUSIONS: This novel cELISA demonstrated excellent agreement and high level correlation with VNT. It is a reliable tool for sero-monitoring of C-strain vaccination campaign because it is a rapid, simple, safe and cost effective assay that can be used to monitor vaccination-induced immune response at the population level.

6.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31967930

RESUMO

Background: miR-664b-5p accelerates the development of certain cancers, but the role of miR-664b-5p in hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) has been less reported. Therefore, the authors aimed to study the role of miR-664b-5p in HCC progression. Materials and Methods: miR-664b-5p expression in liver cancer and adjacent tissues, and in HepG2 and SUN-475 cells, was measured by quantitative real-time polymerase chain reaction (qRT-PCR). Relationship between miR-664b-5p and AKT2 was predicted by TargetScan and confirmed by dual-luciferase reporter assay, and gene or protein expressions were determined by performing qRT-PCR and Western blotting. The viability and apoptosis, and the migration and invasion of HepG2 and SUN-475 cells were determined by CCK-8 assay and flow cytometry, and transwell assay, respectively. Results: Downregulated miR-664b-5p was observed in hepatocellular cancer tissues. Functional analyses revealed that miR-664b-5p mimic suppressed viability, migration, and invasion, but promoted apoptosis in HepG2 and SUN-475 cells. AKT2 was a target of miR-664b-5p, whose mimics inhibited the expression of AKT2. However, upregulated AKT2 promoted viability, migration, and invasion, but inhibited apoptosis in HepG2 and SUN-475 cells, and such effects were reversed by miR-664b-5p mimics. Conclusions: miR-664b-5p acts as a cancer suppressor through negatively regulating AKT2 expression in HepG2 and SUN-475 cells, suggesting that miR-664b-5p could be a protective target for HCC patients.

7.
Invest Radiol ; 2020 Jan 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31977602

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: The aim of the study was to implement a deep-learning tool to produce synthetic double inversion recovery (synthDIR) images and compare their diagnostic performance to conventional sequences in patients with multiple sclerosis (MS). MATERIALS AND METHODS: For this retrospective analysis, 100 MS patients (65 female, 37 [22-68] years) were randomly selected from a prospective observational cohort between 2014 and 2016. In a subset of 50 patients, an artificial neural network (DiamondGAN) was trained to generate a synthetic DIR (synthDIR) from standard acquisitions (T1, T2, and fluid-attenuated inversion recovery [FLAIR]). With the resulting network, synthDIR was generated for the remaining 50 subjects. These images as well as conventionally acquired DIR (trueDIR) and FLAIR images were assessed for MS lesions by 2 independent readers, blinded to the source of the DIR image. Lesion counts in the different modalities were compared using a Wilcoxon signed-rank test, and interrater analysis was performed. Contrast-to-noise ratios were compared for objective image quality. RESULTS: Utilization of synthDIR allowed to detect significantly more lesions compared with the use of FLAIR images (31.4 ± 20.7 vs 22.8 ± 12.7, P < 0.001). This improvement was mainly attributable to an improved depiction of juxtacortical lesions (12.3 ± 10.8 vs 7.2 ± 5.6, P < 0.001). Interrater reliability was excellent in FLAIR 0.92 (95% confidence interval [CI], 0.85-0.95), synthDIR 0.93 (95% CI, 0.87-0.96), and trueDIR 0.95 (95% CI, 0.85-0.98).Contrast-to-noise ratio in synthDIR exceeded that of FLAIR (22.0 ± 6.4 vs 16.7 ± 3.6, P = 0.009); no significant difference was seen in comparison to trueDIR (22.0 ± 6.4 vs 22.4 ± 7.9, P = 0.87). CONCLUSIONS: Computationally generated DIR images improve lesion depiction compared with the use of standard modalities. This method demonstrates how artificial intelligence can help improving imaging in specific pathologies.

8.
Andrology ; 2020 Jan 18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31955524

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Diabetes mellitus-induced erectile dysfunction is a common diabetic complication, and new therapeutics and the pathogenesis of diabetes mellitus-induced erectile dysfunction need to be investigated. OBJECTIVES: The aim was to investigate the pathogenesis of diabetes mellitus-induced erectile dysfunction and the pharmacological mechanism of simvastatin treatment in diabetes mellitus-induced erectile dysfunction model rats. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A total of 86 male Sprague Dawley rats aged 8 weeks old were used in this study. The rats were divided into three groups: control (normal), diabetes mellitus-induced erectile dysfunction (streptozotocin-injected), and diabetes mellitus-induced erectile dysfunction + simvastatin (sim). Each group was subdivided into two subgroups for in vitro and in vivo analyses. A bioinformatics method was used to detect differences in gene expression in the corpus cavernosum between normal and diabetes mellitus-induced erectile dysfunction rats. Erectile function was measured by a cavernous nerve electrostimulation test. Corpus cavernosum fibrosis was assessed by Masson staining and Western blotting. Immunofluorescence and Western blotting were performed to explore the differential expression of autophagy-related genes and the AMPK-SKP2-CARM1 pathway genes in rat cavernous smooth muscle cells and the corpus cavernosum. The autophagosomes of the corpus cavernosum tissue were observed by transmission electron microscopy. RESULTS: Autophagy-related genes and pathways (the AMPK and FoxO pathway) were identified by bioinformatics analysis and confirmed at the protein level. Simvastatin, an AMPK agonist, was used to treat diabetes mellitus-induced erectile dysfunction rats for 8 weeks, demonstrating that erectile function was improved for 80.5% (P < .05) of rats. Corpus cavernosum fibrosis was alleviated (P < .05), and autophagy was further enhanced (P < .05); these results might be partially caused by AMPK-SKP2-CARM1 pathway activation (P < .05). DISCUSSION AND CONCLUSION: Simvastatin could enhance protective autophagy by activating the AMPK-SKP2-CARM1 pathway to improve erectile function in diabetes mellitus-induced erectile dysfunction rats.

9.
Coron Artery Dis ; 31(2): 109-117, 2020 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31464730

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: This study investigated whether the age, creatinine, and ejection fraction (ACEF) score [age (years) /ejection fraction (%) +1 (if creatinine>176µmol/L)] could predict 1-year outcomes following ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction after percutaneous coronary intervention, and whether accuracy could be improved by establishing novel ACEF-derived risk models. METHODS: A total of 1146 patients were included. The study endpoint was 1-year major adverse cardio-cerebrovascular events, including all-cause death, nonfatal myocardial infarction, unplanned revascularization, and nonfatal stroke. Accuracy was defined with area under the curve by receiver-operating characteristic curve analysis. RESULTS: The incidence of 1-year major adverse cardio-cerebrovascular event increased with the rising age, creatinine, and ejection fraction score tertiles (4.8%, 8.4%, and 15.2%, P < 0.001 for all). Higher ACEF score was significantly associated with an increased risk of the endpoint in overall (odds ratio = 3.75, 95% confidence interval, 2.44-5.77, P < 0.001) and in subgroups (all P < 0.05). The accuracy of the ACEF score was equivalent to the other complex risk scores. The combination of ACEF, and diabetes (ACEF-diabetes score) yielded a superior discriminatory ability than the original ACEF score (increase in C-statistic from 0.67 to 0.71, P = 0.048; continuous net reclassification improvement = 51.9%, 95% confidence interval, 33.4-70.5%, P < 0.001; integrated discrimination improvement = 0.020, 95% confidence interval, 0.011-0.030, P < 0.001). CONCLUSIONS: The simplified ACEF score performed well in predicting 1-year outcomes in ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction patients undergoing percutaneous coronary intervention. The novel ACEF-diabetes score provided a better predictive value and thus may help stratify high-risk patients and potentially facilitate decision making.

10.
Arch Physiol Biochem ; 126(1): 41-48, 2020 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30317878

RESUMO

This study was to examine the role of exercise intervention in modulating neuropathic pain induced by diabetes. Diabetes was induced by streptozotocin (STZ, i.p.) in rats and mechanical hyperalgesia was observed three weeks after STZ. Mechanical withdrawal thresholds were increased after four to five weeks of exercise in STZ rats. We also examined the role of signal of mammalian target of rapamycin (mTOR) in regulating neuropathic pain. Inhibition of neuropathic pain by exercise in STZ rats was accompanied with decreases of p-mTOR, p-S6K1, and p-4E-BP1 in sensory nerves. Blocking mTOR also elevated mechanical withdrawal thresholds in STZ rats. Furthermore, pro-inflammatory IL-6 was greater in sensory nerves of STZ rats. Inhibition of IL-6 decreased mTOR and increased mechanical withdrawal thresholds in STZ rats. Overall, our data suggest the role played by exercise in improving neuropathic pain after STZ and that IL-6-mTOR signal is a part of mechanisms engaged in the effects of exercise.

11.
Angiology ; 71(1): 38-47, 2020 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31554413

RESUMO

This study investigated whether a novel index of stress hyperglycemia might have a better prognostic value compared to admission glycemia alone in patients with ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI) undergoing percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI). The acute-to-chronic glycemic ratio was expressed as admission blood glucose (ABG) devided by the estimated average glucose (eAG), and eAG was derived from the glycated hemoglobin (HbA1c). A total of 1300 consecutive patients with STEMI treated with PCI were included. Baseline data and outcomes were analyzed. The study end point was a composite of in-hospital all-cause death, cardiogenic shock, and acute pulmonary edema. Accuracy was defined with area under the curve (AUC) by a receiver-operating characteristic (ROC) curve analysis. After multivariate adjustment, both ABG/eAG and ABG were closely associated with an increased risk of the composite end point in nondiabetic patients. However, only ABG/eAG (odds ratio = 2.45, 95% confidence interval: 1.24-4.82, P = .010), instead of ABG, was associated with the outcomes in diabetic patients. Compared to ABG, ABG/eAG had an equivalent predictive value in nondiabetic patients but a superior discriminatory ability in diabetic patients (AUC improved from 0.52-0.63, P < .001). Taken together, ABG/eAG provides more significant in-hospital prognostic information than ABG in diabetic patients with STEMI after PCI.


Assuntos
Glicemia/metabolismo , Hemoglobina A Glicada/metabolismo , Admissão do Paciente , Intervenção Coronária Percutânea , Infarto do Miocárdio com Supradesnível do Segmento ST/terapia , Idoso , Biomarcadores/sangue , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Intervenção Coronária Percutânea/efeitos adversos , Valor Preditivo dos Testes , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes , Infarto do Miocárdio com Supradesnível do Segmento ST/sangue , Infarto do Miocárdio com Supradesnível do Segmento ST/diagnóstico , Fatores de Tempo , Resultado do Tratamento
12.
Org Lett ; 22(1): 300-304, 2020 Jan 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31841342

RESUMO

A selective C-O cross-coupling reaction between porphyrins and phenols has been developed through 2,3-dicyano-5,6-dichlorobenzoquinone (DDQ)/Sc(OTf)3 oxidation, efficiently delivering meso-etherified porphyrins in good yields (≤93%). The radical complex process was proposed and calculated as the rationalized mechanism to block the homocoupling process. In addition, the switchable selective C-C cross-coupling reaction was achieved by using bulky electron-rich phenols and naphthols under DDQ oxidation conditions.

13.
Eur J Pharmacol ; 868: 172885, 2020 Feb 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31870832

RESUMO

The aberrant accumulation of iron causes vascular endothelium damage, which is thought to be associated with excess reactive oxygen species (ROS) generation. Quercetin (Que), as a flavonoid, has a certain ability to scavenge free radicals. Therefore, we aimed to explore the protective mechanism of Que on iron overload induced HUVECs injury focused on ROS/ADMA/DDAHⅡ/eNOS/NO pathway. In this study, HUVECs was treated with 50 µM iron dextran and 20 µM Que for 48 h. We found that Que attenuated the damages induced by iron, as evidenced by decreased ROS generation, increased DDAHⅡexpression and activity, reduced ADMA level, increased NO content and p-eNOS/eNOS ratio, and eventually caused a decrease in apoptosis. After addition of pAD/DDAHⅡ-shRNA, the effects of Que mentioned above were reversed. Meanwhile, iron overload induced mitochondrial oxidative stress, reduced mitochondrial membrane potential and increased mitochondrial permeability transition pores (mPTP) opening, which were also partially alleviated by Que. In addition, L-arginine (L-Arg), a ADMA competition substrate, ciclosporin A (CsA), a mPTP blocking agent, and edaravone (Eda), a free radical scavenger, were used as positive control reagents. The effects of Que were similar to that of L-Arg, CsA and Eda treatment. These results illustrated that Que could attenuate iron overload induced HUVECs mitochondrial dysfunction via ROS/ADMA/DDAHⅡ/eNOS/NO pathway.

14.
Comput Med Imaging Graph ; 79: 101685, 2020 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31846826

RESUMO

We present the application of limited one-time sampling irregularity map (LOTS-IM): a fully automatic unsupervised approach to extract brain tissue irregularities in magnetic resonance images (MRI), for quantitatively assessing white matter hyperintensities (WMH) of presumed vascular origin, and multiple sclerosis (MS) lesions and their progression. LOTS-IM generates an irregularity map (IM) that represents all voxels as irregularity values with respect to the ones considered "normal". Unlike probability values, IM represents both regular and irregular regions in the brain based on the original MRI's texture information. We evaluated and compared the use of IM for WMH and MS lesions segmentation on T2-FLAIR MRI with the state-of-the-art unsupervised lesions' segmentation method, Lesion Growth Algorithm from the public toolbox Lesion Segmentation Toolbox (LST-LGA), with several well established conventional supervised machine learning schemes and with state-of-the-art supervised deep learning methods for WMH segmentation. In our experiments, LOTS-IM outperformed unsupervised method LST-LGA on WMH segmentation, both in performance and processing speed, thanks to the limited one-time sampling scheme and its implementation on GPU. Our method also outperformed supervised conventional machine learning algorithms (i.e., support vector machine (SVM) and random forest (RF)) and deep learning algorithms (i.e., deep Boltzmann machine (DBM) and convolutional encoder network (CEN)), while yielding comparable results to the convolutional neural network schemes that rank top of the algorithms developed up to date for this purpose (i.e., UResNet and UNet). LOTS-IM also performed well on MS lesions segmentation, performing similar to LST-LGA. On the other hand, the high sensitivity of IM on depicting signal change deems suitable for assessing MS progression, although care must be taken with signal changes not reflective of a true pathology.

15.
Pol J Pathol ; 70(3): 198-204, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31820863

RESUMO

Agrin has recently been identified as a novel oncogene that is overexpressed in several types of human cancers. However, its role in lung cancer has not yet been investigated. The purpose of the current study was to investigate agrin protein expression in lung cancer and evaluate its clinicopathological and prognostic significance. In this study, A total of 86 lung adenocarcinoma samples paired with adjacent non-tumour tissue samples and eight lung adenocarcinoma non-paired samples were selected for immunohistochemical staining for agrin. Strong staining of agrin in nuclei of lung adenocarcinoma tissues was observed, but not in the nuclei of normal lung tissues (p < 0.001). Consistent with staining in lung adenocarcinoma tissues, the nuclei staining of agrin was also detected in lung cancer cell lines by immunofluorescence. This is the first report demonstrating that agrin is highly expressed in nuclei of lung adenocarcinoma tissues and that it is strongly correlated with lymph node metastasis (p = 0.002), clinical stage (p = 0.024), and poor differentiation (p = 0.022). Agrin-positive nuclear staining of lung adenocarcinoma cells could be used to identify greatly increased risk of metastasis in patients after surgery, which might serve as a valuable prognostic marker.


Assuntos
Adenocarcinoma de Pulmão/metabolismo , Agrina/metabolismo , Neoplasias Pulmonares/metabolismo , Biomarcadores Tumorais/metabolismo , Humanos , Metástase Linfática , Estadiamento de Neoplasias , Prognóstico
16.
Invest New Drugs ; 2019 Dec 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31823158

RESUMO

Temozolomide is a first line anti-tumor drug used for the treatment of patients with Glioblastoma multiforme (GBM). However, the drug resistance to temozolomide limits its clinical application. Therefore, novel strategies to overcome chemoresistance are desperately needed for improved treatment of human GBM. Here, we simultaneously detected, for the first time, the expression profiles of mRNAs, lncRNAs, and circRNAs in three pairs of secondary temozolomide-resistant glioblastoma (STRG) and matched primary glioblastoma tissues by microarrays. Using these data, we discovered a total of 92 mRNA, 299 lncRNAs and 53 circRNAs were altered in human glioma tissue after chemotherapy with temozolomide. The functions of differentially expressed lncRNAs, circRNAs were annotated by analysis of Gene Ontology (GO) and Kyoto Encyclopedia of Genes and Genomes (KEGG). The results showed that the highest enriched GO terms of the upregulated lncRNAs were embryonic forelimb morphogenesis (BP), extracellular space (CC), and serine-type endopeptidase activity (MF). Meanwhile, GO:0035360(BP), PRC1 complex (CC), and ubiquitin-protein transferase activity (MF) were the highest enriched GO terms targeted by downregulated lncRNAs. The NF-kappa B signaling pathway were significantly enriched in the STRG. However, circRNAs highest enriched GO term was viral process, chromosome, and protein transporter activity, respectively. KEGG pathway analysis showed that circRNAs in the network were enriched in ErbB signaling pathway. Furthermore, we also predicted the potential role of these differentially expressed ncRNAs and constructed a network of lncRNAs-mRNAs and circRNAs-miRNAs to show their interactions. After a series of bioinformatics analyses, we found that low expression of NONHSAT163779 and high expression of circ_0043949 are closely related to the chemoresistance of STRG. Our findings revealed the alteration of expression patterns of mRNAs, lncRNAs, and circRNAs in the secondary temozolomide-resistant glioblastoma for the first time. NONHSAT163779 and hsa_circ_0043949 might be potential therapeutic targets and prognostic biomarkers for the treatment of glioblastoma.

17.
Org Lett ; 21(24): 10052-10056, 2019 Dec 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31825631

RESUMO

The Brønsted base promoted (3 + 1) annulation reaction of C,N-cyclic azomethine imines and 3-chlorooxindoles was investigated, finally delivering complex hexahydroindeno[2,1-c] pyrazoles incorporating a spirocyclic oxindole motif after an unexpected rearrangement process. The asymmetric version of this new transformation could be accomplished, but slow racemization of the chiral product was observed at ambient temperature. Experiments and DFT calculations were further conducted to elucidate the reaction process and racemization mechanism.

18.
Molecules ; 24(23)2019 Nov 29.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31795338

RESUMO

Porous organosilica monoliths have attracted much attention from both the academic and industrial fields due to their porous structure; excellent mechanical property and easily functionalized surface. A new mercapto-functionalized silicone monolith from a precursor mixture containing methyltrimethoxysilane; 3-mercaptopropyltrimethoxysilane; and 3-mercaptopropyl(dimethoxy)methylsilane prepared via a two-step acid/base hydrolysis-polycondensation process was reported. Silane precursor ratios and surfactant type were varied to control the networks of porous monolithic gels. Gold nanoparticles were loaded onto the surface of the porous organosilica monolith (POM). Versatile characterization techniques were utilized to investigate the properties of the synthesized materials with and without gold nanoparticles. Scanning electron microscopy was used to investigate the morphology of the as-synthesized porous monolith materials. Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy was applied to confirm the surface chemistry. 29Si nuclear magnetic resonance was used to investigate the hydrolysis and polycondensation of organosilane precursors. Transmission electron microscopy was carried out to prove the existence of well-dispersed gold nanoparticles on the porous materials. Ultraviolet-visible spectroscopy was utilized to evaluate the high catalytic performance of the as-synthesized Au/POM particles.

19.
Sensors (Basel) ; 19(23)2019 Dec 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31817003

RESUMO

Monitoring the performance of hybrid rice seeding is very important for the seedling production line to adjust the sowing amount of the seeding device. The objective of this paper was to develop a system for the real-time online monitoring of the performance of hybrid rice seeding based on embedded machine vision and machine learning technology. The embedded detection system captured images of pot trays that passed under the illuminant cabinet installed in the seedling production line. This paper proposed an algorithm for fixed threshold segmentation by analyzing the images with the exploratory analysis method. With the algorithm, the grid image and seed image were extracted from the pot tray image. The paper also proposed a method for obtaining pixel coordinates of gridlines from the grid image. Binary images of seeds were divided into small pieces, according to the pixel coordinates of gridlines. Each piece corresponded to a cell on the pot tray. By scanning the contours in each piece of the image to check whether there were seeds in the cell, the number of empty cells was counted and then used to calculate the missing rate of hybrid rice seeding. The seed number sowed in pot trays was monitored while using the machine learning approach. The experimental results demonstrated that it would consume 4.863 s for the device to process an image, which allowed for the detection of the missing rate and seed number in real-time at the rate of 500 trays per hour (7.2 s per tray). The average accuracy of the detection of missing rates of a seedling production line was 94.67%. The average accuracy of the detection of seed numbers was 95.68%.

20.
Mikrochim Acta ; 187(1): 41, 2019 12 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31832775

RESUMO

The fluorescence of adenosine monophosphate-capped bimetallic gold and silver nanoclusters (type AuAgNC@AMP) is strongly enhanced and blue shifted in the presence of Al(III). As confirmed by transmission electron microscopy, the AuAgNC nanodots are converted to larger assembled spheres of type AuAgNC-Al(III). The fluorescence enhancement is attributed to aggregation-induced emission enhancement (AIEE). The fluorescence of the AuAgNC-Al(III) assembly (with excitation and emission maxima at 340 and 540 nm) is quenched by cysteine (Cys). The effect was applied to the fluorometric determination of Cys. The assay works in the 1.0 to 16.0 µM Cys concentration range and has a 50 nM limit of detection. The method was successfully applied to analyze Cys-spiked mineral waters and serum. The quenching mechanism is explored in depth. It is attributed to the partial replacement of AMP by Cys at the surface of the AuAgNC and alteration of the assembly structure from large spherical particles to a strip shape. Graphical abstractSchematic representation of the fluorescence enhancement of bimetallic nanoclusters capped with adenosine monophosphate by using Al(III), and its application in selective and sensitive determination of cysteine via ligand replacement and reassembly.

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