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1.
Front Plant Sci ; 12: 751398, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34721479

RESUMO

Wheat stem (or black) rust is one of the most devastating fungal diseases, threatening global wheat production. Identification, mapping, and deployment of effective resistance genes are critical to addressing this challenge. In this study, we mapped and characterized one stem rust resistance (Sr) gene from the tetraploid durum wheat variety Kronos (temporary designation SrKN). This gene was mapped on the long arm of chromosome 2B and confers resistance to multiple virulent Pgt races, such as TRTTF and BCCBC. Using a large mapping population (3,366 gametes), we mapped SrKN within a 0.29 cM region flanked by the sequenced-based markers pku4856F2R2 and pku4917F3R3, which corresponds to 5.6- and 7.2-Mb regions in the Svevo and Chinese Spring reference genomes, respectively. Both regions include a cluster of nucleotide binding leucine-repeat (NLR) genes that likely includes the candidate gene. An allelism test failed to detect recombination between SrKN and the previously mapped Sr9e gene. This result, together with the similar seedling resistance responses and resistance profiles, suggested that SrKN and Sr9e may represent the same gene. We introgressed SrKN into common wheat and developed completely linked markers to accelerate its deployment in the wheat breeding programs. SrKN can be a valuable component of transgenic cassettes or gene pyramids that includes multiple resistance genes to control this devastating disease.

2.
Exp Ther Med ; 22(6): 1440, 2021 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34721682

RESUMO

Aspirin has been reported for its anti-tumor activity, however, there are few studies on its effects in lung cancer. The present study found that aspirin had a dual role in the proliferation of human lung cancer PC-9 (formerly known as PC-14) and A549 cells, and in human colon cancer HCT116 cells. The cells were treated with 0, 1, 2, 4, 8 and 16 mM aspirin for 24-72 h or 7-12 days and cell proliferation was examined by MTT and colony formation assay. In order to explore the relationship between the proliferation-enhancing effect of low-dose aspirin and mitogen-activated protein kinase (MAPK) signaling activation, PC-9 cells were pretreated with 10 µM PD98059 (a specific inhibitor of ERK), SB203580 (a specific inhibitor of p38) and SP600125 (a specific inhibitor of JNK) for 30 min respectively. Western blot assay was performed to detect the activation of MAPK members in PC-9 cells. Cellular apoptosis was detected using flow cytometer-based Annexin V/propidium iodide dual staining. An assessment of MAPK inhibitors was performed to further validate the role of JNK, p38 and ERK in aspirin-promoted PC-9 cell growth. It was demonstrated that aspirin could promote the growth of human PC-9 lung cancer cells and induced MAPK activation at low concentrations. All the MAPK inhibitors tested (PD98059, SB203580 and SP600125) were able to inhibit the aspirin-induced proliferation of PC-9 cells.

3.
Front Med (Lausanne) ; 8: 759152, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34722595

RESUMO

Background: Patients with coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) can present with gastrointestinal (GI) symptoms. However, the prevalence of GI symptoms and their association with outcomes remain controversial in COVID-19 patients. Methods: All COVID-19 patients consecutively admitted to the Wuhan Huoshenshan hospital from February 2020 to April 2020 were collected. Disease severity and outcomes were compared between COVID-19 patients with and without GI symptoms. Logistic regression analyses were performed to evaluate the association of GI symptoms with the composite endpoint and death in COVID-19 patients. A composite endpoint was defined as transfer to intensive care unit, requirement of mechanical ventilation, and death. Odds ratios (ORs) with 95% confidence intervals (CIs) were calculated. Results: Overall, 2,552 COVID-19 patients were included. The prevalence of GI symptoms was 21.0% (537/2,552). Diarrhea (8.9%, 226/2,552) was the most common GI symptom. Patients with GI symptoms had significantly higher proportions of severe COVID-19 and worse outcomes than those without. Univariate logistic regression analyses demonstrated that GI symptoms were significantly associated with the composite endpoint (OR = 2.426, 95% CI = 1.608-3.661; P < 0.001) and death (OR = 2.137, 95% CI = 1.209-3.778; P = 0.009). After adjusting for age, sex, and severe/critical COVID-19, GI symptoms were still independently associated with the composite endpoint (OR = 2.029, 95% CI = 1.294-3.182; P = 0.002), but not death (OR = 1.726, 95% CI = 0.946-3.150; P = 0.075). According to the type of GI symptoms, GI bleeding was an independent predictor of the composite endpoint (OR = 8.416, 95% CI = 3.465-20.438, P < 0.001) and death (OR = 6.640, 95% CI = 2.567-17.179, P < 0.001), but not other GI symptoms (i.e., diarrhea, abdominal discomfort, nausea and/or vomiting, constipation, acid reflux and/or heartburn, or abdominal pain). Conclusion: GI symptoms are common in COVID-19 patients and may be associated with their worse outcomes. Notably, such a negative impact of GI symptoms on the outcomes should be attributed to GI bleeding.

4.
Front Physiol ; 12: 770430, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34777026

RESUMO

Background: Motilin increases left gastric artery (LGA) blood flow in dogs via the endothelial motilin receptor (MLNR). This article investigates the signaling pathways of endothelial MLNR. Methods: Motilin-induced relaxation of LGA rings was assessed using wire myography. Nitric oxide (NO), and cyclic guanosine monophosphate (cGMP) levels were measured using an NO assay kit and cGMP ELISA kit, respectively. Results: Motilin concentration-dependently (EC50=9.1±1.2×10-8M) relaxed LGA rings precontracted with U46619 (thromboxane A2 receptor agonist). GM-109 (MLNR antagonist) significantly inhibited motilin-induced LGA relaxation and the production of NO and cGMP. N-ethylmaleimide (NEM; G-protein antagonist), U73122 [phospholipase C (PLC) inhibitor], and 2-aminoethyl diphenylborinate [2-APB; inositol trisphosphate (IP3) blocker] partially or completely blocked vasorelaxation. In contrast, chelerythrine [protein kinase C (PKC) inhibitor] and H89 [protein kinase A (PKA) inhibitor] had no such effect. Low-calcium or calcium-free Krebs solutions also reduced vasorelaxation. N-nitro-L-arginine methyl ester [L-NAME; nitric oxide synthase (NOS) inhibitor] and ODQ [soluble guanylyl cyclase (sGC) inhibitor] completely abolished vasodilation and synthesis of NO and cGMP. Indomethacin (cyclooxygenase inhibitor), 18α-glycyrrhetinic acid [18α-GA; myoendothelial gap junction (MEGJ) inhibitor], and K+ channel inhibition through high K+ concentrations or tetraethylammonium (TEA-Cl; KCa channel blocker) partially decreased vasorelaxation, whereas glibenclamide (KATP channel blocker) had no such effect. Conclusion: The current study suggests that motilin-induced LGA relaxation is dependent on endothelial MLNR through the G protein-PLC-IP3 pathway and Ca2+ influx. The NOS-NO-sGC-cGMP pathway, prostacyclin, MEGJ, and K+ channels (especially KCa) are involved in endothelial-dependent relaxation of vascular smooth muscle (VSM) cells.

5.
China CDC Wkly ; 3(45): 959-963, 2021 Nov 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34777902

RESUMO

What is already known on this topic?: With rapid urbanization, traffic-related air pollution has become a global concern. However, its association with cardiovascular health has not been fully elucidated. What is added by this report?: This study provided novel evidence of the joint cardiovascular effect of multiple pollutants in subway cabins, further identified two pollutants that played dominant roles, and validated the effectiveness of targeted interventions. What are the implications for public health practice?: The findings were helpful to guide the formulation and development of prevention and control strategies for key traffic-related pollutants that endanger the cardiovascular health of commuters.

6.
Eur J Obstet Gynecol Reprod Biol ; 268: 22-30, 2021 Nov 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34794071

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: Unexplained recurrent miscarriage (uRM) has caused serious distress to women of childbearing age, and effective treatment is particularly important. The aim of this meta-analysis is to compare the efficacy of low molecular weight heparin (LMWH) and LMWH combined with aspirin for uRM. METHODS: Databases including PubMed, Web of Science, Embase, Scopus and the Cochrane Library databases were electronically searched to identify randomized controlled trials that reported the LMWH or LMWH combined with aspirin for women with uRM and negative antiphospholipid antibodies (aPL). The retrieval time is limited from inception to June 2021. Two reviewers independently screened literature, extracted data, and assessed risk bias of included studies. Meta-analysis was performed by using STATA 12.0 software. RESULTS: A total of 7 studies involving 1849 patients were included. The meta-analysis results showed that compared with the control group, both LMWH and LMWH + aspirin interventions showed no substantial influence on miscarriage rate (LMWH: RR = 0.69, 95%CI: 0.34-1.39, P = 0.293, LMWH + aspirin: RR = 0.62, 95%CI: 0.30-1.27, P = 0.19) and the occurrence of pre-eclampsia (LMWH: RR = 1.1, 95%CI: 0.53-2.31, P = 0.792; LMWH + aspirin: RR = 1.49, 95%CI: 0.25-8.79, P = 0.662). LMWH therapy had no influence on the live births (RR = 0.99, 95%CI: 0.92-1.06, P = 0.72). Subgroup analysis showed that enoxaparin is not effective in women with uRM and negative aPL (miscarriage rate: RR = 0.82, 95%CI: 0.31-2.19, P = 0.695; pre-eclampsia: RR = 1.03, 95%CI: 0.46-2.33, P = 0.936). CONCLUSIONS: LMWH and LMWH combined with aspirin therapy cannot improve the pregnancy outcome of women with uRM and negative aPL. However, the above conclusions are still required to be verified through more RCTs due to the limited quantity of included studies.

7.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34804173

RESUMO

Stroke is the leading cause of long-term disability in developed countries. Multitudinous evidence suggests that treadmill training treatment is beneficial for balance and stroke rehabilitation; however, the need for stroke therapy remains unmet. In the present study, a cerebral ischemia rat model was established by permanent middle cerebral artery occlusion (pMCAO) to explore the therapeutic effect and mechanism of scalp acupuncture combined with treadmill training on ischemic stroke. Terminal deoxynucleotidyl transferase-mediated dUTP nick-end labeling and neuronal nuclear protein (NeuN) double staining and cellular inhibitor of apoptosis protein-1 (cIAP1) and NeuN immunofluorescence double staining were used to detect the short-term and long-term neuroprotective effects of scalp acupuncture combined with treadmill training on pMCAO rats. In addition, the antiapoptotic effect of the combined treatment was evaluated in pMCAO rats transfected with cIAP1 shRNA. Western blotting was used to detect the relative protein expression in the caspase-8/-9/-3 activation pathway downstream of cIAP1 to further clarify its regulatory mechanism. Our results showed that scalp acupuncture combined with treadmill training successfully achieved short-term and long-term functional improvement within 14 days after stroke, significantly inhibited neuronal apoptosis, and upregulated the expression of cIAP1 protein in the ischemic penumbra area of the ischemic brain. However, no significant functional improvement and antiapoptotic effect were found in pMCAO rats transfected with cIAP1 shRNA. Western blotting results showed that the combined therapy markedly inhibited the activation of the caspase-8/-9/-3 pathway. These findings indicate that scalp acupuncture combined with treadmill training therapy may serve as a more effective alternative modality in the treatment of ischemic stroke, playing an antiapoptotic role by upregulating the expression of cIAP1 and inhibiting the activation of the caspase-8/-9/-3 pathway.

8.
Mol Cytogenet ; 14(1): 50, 2021 Nov 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34742342

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Uniparental disomy (UPD) is defined as an inheritance of two chromosomes from only one of the parents with no representative copy from the other. Paternal-origin UPD of chromosome 3 is a very rare condition, with only five cases of paternal UPD(3) reported. CASE PRESENTATION: Here, we report a prenatal case that is only the second confirmed paternal UPD(3) reported with no apparent disease phenotype. The fetus had a normal karyotype and normal ultrasound features throughout gestation. Copy neutral regions of homozygosity on chromosome 3 were identified by single nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) array. Subsequent SNP array data of parent-child trios showed that the fetus carried complete paternal uniparental isodisomy (isoUPD) of chromosome 3. The parents decided to continue with the pregnancy after genetic counseling, and the neonate had normal physical findings at birth and showed normal development after 1.5 years. CONCLUSIONS: These findings provided further evidence to confirm that there were no important imprinted genes on paternal chromosome 3 that caused serious diseases and a reference for the prenatal diagnosis and genetic counseling of UPD(3) in the future.

9.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34767047

RESUMO

Radiopharmaceuticals are essential components of nuclear medicine and serve as one of the cornerstones of molecular imaging and precision medicine. They provide new means and approaches for early diagnosis and treatment of diseases. After decades of development and hard efforts, a relatively matured radiopharmaceutical production and management system has been established in China with high-quality facilities. This review provides an overview of the current status of radiopharmaceuticals on production and distribution, clinical application, and regulatory supervision and also describes some important advances in research and development and clinical translation of radiopharmaceuticals in the past 10 years. Moreover, some prospects of research and development of radiopharmaceuticals in the near future are discussed.

10.
Sensors (Basel) ; 21(21)2021 Oct 22.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34770307

RESUMO

A fiber/Ag-Cu films surface plasmon resonance (SPR) refractive index (RI) sensor composed of multimode fiber-no-core-fiber-multimode fiber (MMF-NCF-MMF) structure is designed. The sensing region length and Cu film deposition time of sensor are gradually optimized by the control variable method, which finally achieves the improvement of sensor properties. We experimentally compared the sensing performance of the fiber/Ag film and fiber/Ag-Cu films sensor. Experimental results show that the fiber/Ag-Cu films sensor has good linearity (R-square = 0.993), and its sensitivity is as high as 3957 nm/RIU in the refractive index detection range of 1.3328-1.3853, which is 1109 nm/RIU higher than the sensitivity of a conventional fiber/Ag film sensor. The sensor presented in this paper adopts the structure with composite metal film, which outperforms the common single-layer metal film in chemical stability such as oxidation resistance and mechanical hardness. Meanwhile, the SPR sensor with MMF-NCF-MMF structure has the advantages of convenient manufacture and compact structure. In conclusion, it can bestow a unique advantage in the field of biological detection or chemical analysis.


Assuntos
Refratometria , Ressonância de Plasmônio de Superfície
11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34806503

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Barrett's esophagus (BE) is an important risk factor for high-grade dysplasia (HGD) and/or esophageal adenocarcinoma (EAC). The effect of proton pump inhibitors (PPIs) on the chemoprevention of HGD and/or EAC arising from BE remains controversial. RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODS: PubMed, EMBASE, and Cochrane Library databases were systematically searched. Risk ratios (RRs) or odds ratios (ORs) with 95% confidence intervals (CIs) were pooled by a random-effect model. Heterogeneity and its potential source were assessed. RESULTS: Fifteen studies with 26291 BE patients were included. Meta-analysis of eight cohort studies showed that PPIs can significantly reduce the risk of HGD and/or EAC in BE patients (RR=0.46; 95%CI=0.33-0.63; P<0.001), but meta-analysis of six case-control studies showed no significant benefit of PPIs (OR=0.64; 95%CI=0.26-1.59; P=0.334). Heterogeneity was significant among both cohort and case-control studies, which might be attributed to the information sources of PPIs. There was no significant protective effect of high-dose PPIs on HGD and/or EAC in one RCT (RR=0.84; 95%CI=0.63-1.11; P=0.21), meta-analysis of two cohort studies (RR=0.61; 95%CI=0.25-1.50; P=0.28), or meta-analysis of two case-control studies (OR=0.32; 95%CI=0.09-1.15; P=0.08). CONCLUSIONS: Chemoprevention of HGD and/or EAC by PPIs may be considered in BE patients. However, there might not be further preventive effect of high-dose PPIs.

13.
J Physiol ; 2021 Nov 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34761808

RESUMO

KEY POINTS: The genetic disease cystic fibrosis is caused by pathogenic variants in the cystic fibrosis transmembrane conductance regulator (CFTR), a gated pathway, which controls anion flow across epithelia lining ducts and tubes in the body. This study investigated CFTR function in nasal epithelial cells from people with cystic fibrosis and CFTR variants with a range of disease severity. CFTR function varied widely in nasal epithelial cells depending on the identity of CFTR variants, but was unaffected by conditional reprogramming culture, a cell culture technique used to grow large numbers of patient-derived cells. Assessment of CFTR function in vitro in nasal epithelial cells and epithelia, and in vivo in the nasal epithelium and sweat gland highlights the complexity of genotype-phenotype-CFTR function relationships. ABSTRACT: Dysfunction of the epithelial anion channel cystic fibrosis transmembrane conductance regulator (CFTR) causes a wide spectrum of disease, including cystic fibrosis (CF) and CFTR-related diseases (CFTR-RDs). Here, we investigate genotype-phenotype-CFTR function relationships using human nasal epithelial (hNE) cells from a small cohort of non-CF subjects and individuals with CF and CFTR-RDs and genotypes associated with either residual or minimal CFTR function using electrophysiological techniques. Collected hNE cells were either studied directly with the whole-cell patch-clamp technique or grown as primary cultures at an air-liquid interface after conditional reprogramming. The properties of cAMP-activated whole-cell Cl- currents in freshly isolated hNE cells identified them as CFTR-mediated. Their magnitude varied between hNE cells from individuals within the same genotype and decreased in the rank order: non-CF > CFTR residual function > CFTR minimal function. CFTR-mediated whole-cell Cl- currents in hNE cells isolated from fully differentiated primary cultures were identical to those in freshly isolated hNE cells both in magnitude and behaviour, demonstrating that conditional reprogramming culture is without effect on CFTR expression and function. For the cohort of subjects studied, CFTR-mediated whole-cell Cl- currents in hNE cells correlated well with CFTR-mediated transepithelial Cl- currents measured in vitro with the Ussing chamber technique, but not with those determined in vivo with the nasal potential difference assay. Nevertheless, they did correlate with the sweat Cl- concentration of study subjects. Thus, this study highlights the complexity of genotype-phenotype-CFTR function relationships, but emphasizes the value of conditionally reprogrammed hNE cells in CFTR research and therapeutic testing. This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved.

14.
Sheng Wu Gong Cheng Xue Bao ; 37(9): 3334-3347, 2021 Sep 25.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34622640

RESUMO

Cordycepin is the key active component of medicinal fungus Cordyceps militaris, and it shows multiple functional activities such as anti-tumor and anti-virus. Cordycepin was conventionally produced by liquid fermentation of C. militaris, but the long production cycle and the low productivity constrained its development and application. In this study, two key genes for cordycepin biosynthesis (ScCNS1 and ScCNS2) were introduced into Saccharomyces cerevisiae S288C, producing 67.32 mg/L cordycepin at 240 h. Analysis of gene expression profiles indicated that ZWF1, PRS4, ADE4, ScCNS1 and ScCNS2 which encode enzymes involved in pentose phosphate pathway, purine metabolism and cordycepin biosynthesis pathway, were significantly up-regulated in the late phage of fermentation. Optimization of fermentation medium determined that 50 g/L initial glucose followed by feeding, supplemented with 5 mmol/L Cu²âº and 1.0 g/L adenine were the best condition. Fed-batch fermentation using the engineered yeast in a 5 L stirred fermenter produced 137.27 mg/L cordycepin at 144 h, with a productivity up to 0.95 mg/(L·h) reached, which was 240% higher than that of the control.


Assuntos
Cordyceps , Saccharomyces cerevisiae , Meios de Cultura , Desoxiadenosinas , Saccharomyces cerevisiae/genética
15.
Anal Chim Acta ; 1183: 338966, 2021 Oct 23.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34627513

RESUMO

CircRNA is a type of covalently closed circular RNA molecule that serves as a potential biomarker for the disease early diagnosis and clinical researches. To achieve living cell imaging of specific circRNA, we developed a novel graphene oxide (GO)-based catalytic hairpin assembly (CHA) and hybridization chain reaction (HCR) signal dual amplification system (GO-CHA-HCR, abbreviated GO-AR) for circ-Foxo3 imaging in living cells. The developed system consists of four types of designed hairpin DNA HP1, HP2, H1, and fluorophore-labeled H2, which are absorbed on the GO nanosheets surface leading to fluorescence quenching. In the presence of circ-Foxo3, the CHA cycle was initiated to form a hybrid chain with split fragments, which triggered the HCR cycle to generate dsDNA nanowires that were then released from GO. This process recovered the quenched fluorescence, realizing two-stage signal amplification. The GO-AR system effectively improved the signal-to-noise ratio compared to the traditional GO-CHA and GO-HCR detection system. The detection limit of circ-Foxo3 was as low as 15 pM with excellent sensitivity and selectivity. In addition, the enzyme-free sensing system was successfully applied in living cell circRNA imaging and serum circRNA detection, indicating its high potential in clinical diagnostics.


Assuntos
Grafite , RNA Circular , DNA/genética , Hibridização de Ácido Nucleico
16.
Front Microbiol ; 12: 717272, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34659145

RESUMO

Microplastics (MPs) are ubiquitous in the aquatic environment and can be frequently ingested by zooplankton, leading to various effects. Brine shrimp (Artemia parthenogenetica) has an important role in the energy flow through trophic levels in different seawater systems. In this work, the influence of polyethylene (PE) and polystyrene (PS) MPs on the growth of brine shrimp and corresponding changes of gut microbiota were investigated. Our results showed that the MPs remarkably reduced the growth rate of brine shrimp, and the two types of MPs have different impacts. The average body length of brine shrimps was reduced by 17.92 and 14.95% in the PE group and PS group, respectively. MPs are mainly found in the intestine, and their exposure evidently affects the gut microbiota. By using 16S rRNA gene high-throughput sequencing, 32 phyla of bacteria were detected in the intestine, and the microbiome consisted mainly of Proteobacteria, Firmicutes, and Actinobacteria. MPs' exposure significantly increased the gut microbial diversity. For the PE group, the proportion of Actinobacteria and Bacteroidetes increased by 45.26 and 2.73%, respectively. For the PS group, it was 54.95 and 1.27%, respectively. According to the analysis on genus level, the proportions of Ponticoccus, Seohaeicola, Polycyclovorans, and Methylophaga decreased by 46.38, 1.24, 1.07, and 2.66%, respectively, for the PE group and 57.87, 1.43, 0.88, and 2.24%, respectively, for the PS group. In contrast, the proportions of Stappia, Microbacterium, and Dietzia increased by 1.12, 23.27, and 11.59%, respectively, for the PE group, and 1.09, 3.79, and 42.96%, respectively, for the PS group. These experimental results demonstrated that the ingestion of MPs by brine shrimp can alter the composition of the gut microbiota and lead to a slow growth rate. This study provides preliminary data support for understanding the biotoxicity of MPs to invertebrate zooplankton and is conducive to the further risk assessment of MP exposure.

17.
Materials (Basel) ; 14(19)2021 Sep 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34640102

RESUMO

In this study, Ti-6Al-4V alloy samples were processed by micro-arc oxidation (MAO) in phytic acid (H12Phy) electrolytes with the addition of different concentrations of EDTA-MgNa2 (Na2MgY) and potassium hydroxide (KOH). The surface characterization and cytocompatibility of MAO-treated samples were evaluated systematically. H12Phy is a necessary agent for MAO coating formation, and the addition of Na2MgY and KOH into the electrolytes increases the surface roughness, micropore size and Mg contents in the coatings. The MAO coatings are primarily composed of anatase, rutile, MgO and Mg3(PO4)2. Magnesium (Mg) ions in the electrolytes enter into MAO coatings by diffusion and electromigration. The MAO coatings containing 2.97 at% Mg show excellent cell viability, adhesion, proliferation, alkaline phosphatase activity, extracellular matrix (ECM) mineralization and collagen secretion, but the cytocompatibility of the MAO coatings containing 6.82 at% Mg was the worst due to the excessively high Mg content. Our results revealed that MAO coatings with proper Mg contents improve the cytocompatibility of the Ti-6Al-4V alloys and have large potential in orthopedic applications.

18.
BMC Bioinformatics ; 22(1): 524, 2021 Oct 26.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34702190

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Recent development of single cell sequencing technologies has made it possible to identify genes with different expression (DE) levels at the cell type level between different groups of samples. In this article, we propose to borrow information through known biological networks to increase statistical power to identify differentially expressed genes (DEGs). RESULTS: We develop MRFscRNAseq, which is based on a Markov random field (MRF) model to appropriately accommodate gene network information as well as dependencies among cell types to identify cell-type specific DEGs. We implement an Expectation-Maximization (EM) algorithm with mean field-like approximation to estimate model parameters and a Gibbs sampler to infer DE status. Simulation study shows that our method has better power to detect cell-type specific DEGs than conventional methods while appropriately controlling type I error rate. The usefulness of our method is demonstrated through its application to study the pathogenesis and biological processes of idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis (IPF) using a single-cell RNA-sequencing (scRNA-seq) data set, which contains 18,150 protein-coding genes across 38 cell types on lung tissues from 32 IPF patients and 28 normal controls. CONCLUSIONS: The proposed MRF model is implemented in the R package MRFscRNAseq available on GitHub. By utilizing gene-gene and cell-cell networks, our method increases statistical power to detect differentially expressed genes from scRNA-seq data.


Assuntos
Perfilação da Expressão Gênica , Redes Reguladoras de Genes , Algoritmos , Humanos , RNA-Seq , Análise de Sequência de RNA , Análise de Célula Única
19.
Arch Gynecol Obstet ; 2021 Oct 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34713337

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: To evaluate the pelvic floor muscle function (PFMF) of cervical cancer patients after type QM-C hysterectomy and to explore the relationship between decreased PFMF and related factors. METHODS: This was a multi-centered retrospective cohort study. 181 cervical cancer patients who underwent type QM-C hysterectomy were enrolled from 9 tertiary hospitals. Strength of PFMF were measured using neuromuscular apparatus (Phenix U8, French). Risk factors contributing to decreased PFMF were analyzed by univariate and multivariate ordinal polytomous logistic regression. RESULTS: Totally 181 patients were investigated in this study. 0-3 level of type I muscle fibre strength (MFSI) was 52.6% (95/181), 0-3 level of type IIA muscle fibre strength (MFSIIA) was 50% (91/181). Subjective stress urinary incontinence was 46% (84/181), urinary retention was 27.3% (50/181), dyschezia was 41.5% (75/181), fecal incontinence was 9% (18/181). ① MFSI: Multivariate ordinal polytomous logistic regression shows that the follow-up time (p < 0.05), chemotherapy and radiotherapy (p = 0.038) are independent risk factors of MFSI's reduction after type QM-C hysterectomy. ② MFSIIA: multivariate ordinal polytomous logistic regression shows that the follow-up time (p < 0.05) are independent risk factors of MFSIIA's reduction after type QM-C hysterectomy. The pelvic floor muscle strength (PFMS) increased after 9 months than in 9 months after operation, which showed that the PFMS could be recovered after operation. CONCLUSIONS: We advocate for more attention and emphasis on the PFMF of Chinese female patients with cervical cancer postoperation. PEKING UNIVERSITY PEOPLE'S HOSPITAL: PFMF after QM-C hysterectomy has not been analyzed by current study. The contribution is that patients with radical hysterectomy should do pelvic floor rehabilitation exercises in 3 months after operation. Clinical Trails NCT number of this study is 02492542.

20.
Chem Soc Rev ; 50(20): 11530-11558, 2021 Oct 18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34661217

RESUMO

The ubiquity of metal-organic frameworks in recent scientific literature underscores their highly versatile nature. MOFs have been developed for use in a wide array of applications, including: sensors, catalysis, separations, drug delivery, and electrochemical processes. Often overlooked in the discussion of MOF-based materials is the mass transport of guest molecules within the pores and channels. Given the wide distribution of pore sizes, linker functionalization, and crystal sizes, molecular diffusion within MOFs can be highly dependent on the MOF-guest system. In this review, we discuss the major factors that govern the mass transport of molecules through MOFs at both the intracrystalline and intercrystalline scale; provide an overview of the experimental and computational methods used to measure guest diffusivity within MOFs; and highlight the relevance of mass transfer in the applications of MOFs in electrochemical systems, separations, and heterogeneous catalysis.

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