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1.
Chin J Physiol ; 62(5): 210-216, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31670285

RESUMO

Matrix metalloproteinases-2 (MMP2) has been reported to be overexpressed in various types of cancer. However, the contribution of various genotypes of MMP2 to lung cancer is controversial and not yet been examined in Taiwan. Therefore, in the current study, we investigated the association of MMP2 genotypes with lung cancer risk among Taiwanese. In this hospital-based, case-control study, 358 lung cancer patients and 716 age- and gender-matched healthy controls were recruited, and the genotypic distributions of MMP2-1306 and MMP2- 735 were determined. Then, their association with lung cancer was evaluated, and their interaction with personal smoking status was also examined via stratification analysis. The results showed that the percentages of variant CT and TT at MMP2-1306 were 17.3% and 1.7% among the lung cancer patients, respectively, much lower than those of 28.7% and 2.4%, respectively, among the healthy controls (P for trend = 0.0001). The allelic frequency distribution analysis showed that the variant T allele at MMP2-1306 conferred a statistically significantly lower lung cancer risk than the wild-type C allele (adjusted odds ratio = 0.54, 95% confidence interval = 0.41-0.72, P = 0.0001). There was an obvious effect of MMP2-1306 genotype on lung cancer risk among the subpopulations of ever smokers but not nonsmokers. As for the genotypes of MMP2-735, there was no such differential distribution in the aspects of genotypic or allelic frequencies, or combinative effects with smoking status. The genotypes of MMP2-1306 may act as a biomarker in determining personal susceptibility to lung cancer in Taiwan. The contribution of MMP2 genotypes alone and its joint effects with personal cigarette smoking habit on lung cancer susceptibility should be taken into consideration of the clinical practices for early detection and prediction of lung cancer in Taiwan.


Assuntos
Predisposição Genética para Doença , Neoplasias Pulmonares , Metaloproteinase 2 da Matriz/genética , Estudos de Casos e Controles , Genótipo , Humanos , Polimorfismo de Nucleotídeo Único , Fatores de Risco , Taiwan
2.
Anticancer Res ; 39(10): 5375-5380, 2019 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31570432

RESUMO

BACKGROUND/AIM: Matrix metalloproteinases-11 (MMP-11) overexpression has been reported in various types of cancer including lung cancer. We aimed to examine the contribution of MMP-11 genotypes to lung cancer risk. MATERIALS AND METHODS: In this case-control study, the MMP-11 rs738791, rs2267029, rs738792 and rs28382575 genotypes were determined among 358 lung cancer patients and 716 age- and gender-matched healthy control Taiwanese. RESULTS: The percentages of rs738791 CT and TT were 50.6% and 9.2% in the case group, slightly higher than 48.5% and 8.1% in the control group (p for trend=0.5638). The allelic analysis showed that the rs738791 T allele did not confer lung cancer risk compared with the C allele. Similarly, there was no association between rs2267029, rs738792 or rs28382575 and lung cancer risk. There was no joint effect of MMP-11 genotypes among ever smokers or non-smokers. CONCLUSION: The genotypes of MMP-11 play a minor role in determining lung cancer risk in Taiwan.


Assuntos
Predisposição Genética para Doença/genética , Neoplasias Pulmonares/genética , Metaloproteinase 11 da Matriz/genética , Polimorfismo Genético/genética , Regiões Promotoras Genéticas/genética , Alelos , Grupo com Ancestrais do Continente Asiático/genética , Estudos de Casos e Controles , Feminino , Frequência do Gene/genética , Genótipo , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Fatores de Risco , Taiwan
3.
Onco Targets Ther ; 12: 6237-6244, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31496727

RESUMO

Purpose: Programmed cell death 6 (PDCD6) is a calcium sensor participating in T-cell receptor-, Fas-, and glucocorticoid-induced programmed cell death. At the sites of lung tumors, the expression of PDCD6 is higher than that in non-tumor tissues. However, the contribution of variant PDCD6 genotypes to lung cancer is largely unknown. The current study aimed to evaluate the contributions of the PDCD6 rs4957014 and rs3756712 genotypes to the risk of lung cancer. Patients and methods: The contributions of PDCD6 genotypes to lung cancer risk were examined among 358 patients with lung cancer and 716 age- and gender-matched healthy controls by typical polymerase chain reaction-restriction fragment length polymorphism (PCR-RFLP) methodology. Results: The results showed that the GG but not the GT genotype of PDCD6 rs4957014 was associated with a decreased risk of lung cancer (odds ratio (OR) =0.41, 95% confidence interval (CI) =0.23-0.72, p=0.0013). The analysis of allelic frequency distributions showed that the G allele of PDCD6 rs4957014 decreased lung cancer susceptibility (p=0.0090). There was no association between PDCD6 rs3756712 genotypes and lung cancer risk. Interestingly, the GG genotype at PDCD6 rs4957014 significantly decreased the risk of lung cancer among males (adjusted OR =0.29, 95% CI =0.14-0.57) and smokers (adjusted OR =0.34, 95% CI =0.18-0.61) but not among females and non-smokers. Conclusion: The GG genotype of PDCD6 rs4957014 may decrease lung cancer risk in males and smokers and may serve as a practical marker for early detection and the incidence of lung cancer in Taiwan.

4.
Biol Reprod ; 101(5): 928-937, 2019 Nov 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31373346

RESUMO

Endometriosis is a major health issue among women of reproductive age. However, its etiology has not yet been completely understood. We investigated 10 single nucleotide polymorphisms from six novel nucleotide excision repair genes and the susceptibility to endometriosis. A total of 153 patients with endometriosis were recruited during 2000-2010 from central Taiwan. Pathological confirmation was necessary for all patients, and exclusion criteria included the presence of leiomyoma, adenomyosis, or cancer of the uterine, cervix, or ovary and a prescription of hormone therapy. Furthermore, a total of 636 age-matched individuals without endometriosis were recruited during the same time period from central Taiwan. The polymerase chain reaction coupled with restriction fragment length polymorphism methodology was applied for genotyping. The multivariate logistic regression analysis showed that subjects carrying the ERCC1 rs11615 TT (OR = 2.04, 95% CI = 1.36-3.41), ERCC2 rs1799793 AA (OR = 1.86, 95% CI = 1.14-3.11), and ERCC6 rs2228528 AA genotypes (OR = 1.79, 95% CI = 1.13-2.83) exhibited significantly increased risks of developing endometriosis compared with their counterparts carrying the wild-type genotypes. This study suggests that certain single nucleotide polymorphisms of nucleotide excision repair genes excision repair cross-complementation group 1 (ERCC1, ERCC2, and ERCC6) predispose women to the development of endometriosis.

5.
Anticancer Res ; 38(11): 6321-6327, 2018 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30396953

RESUMO

BACKGROUND/AIM: Lung cancer is the leading cause of cancer-related death and a better marker for advanced personalized therapeutic approaches, such as immunotherapies, is in urgent need. Interleukin-12 (IL-12) is a cytokine that has been reported to exhibit potent tumoricidal effects, however, the contribution of IL-12 genotypes to lung cancer is still largely unrevealed. The aim of this study was to investigate whether single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) in IL-12A and IL-12B are associated with lung cancer in a Taiwanese population. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Genotypes of 358 lung cancer patients and 716 controls were determined by the polymerase chain reaction-restriction fragment length polymorphism method. RESULTS: The distributions of genotypic (p=0.0036) and allelic (p=0.0005) frequencies of IL-12A rs568408 demonstrated significant differences between cases and controls. In detail, the AA genotype of IL-12A rs568408 was associated with a significantly elevated risk of lung cancer compared with the GG genotype (odds ratio(OR)=2.41, 95% confidence interval(CI)=1.36-4.29, p=0.0021). No difference was observed regarding IL-12A rs2243115 and IL-12B rs3212227 genotypes between the case and control groups. In addition, the results of interaction analysis showed that the AA genotype of IL-12A rs568408 was associated with elevated lung cancer risk, especially among those with smoking habits (p=0.0043). CONCLUSION: IL-12A rs568404 AA genotype may contribute to the etiology and serve as a genomic determinant of lung cancer in Taiwanese, especially smokers.


Assuntos
Grupo com Ancestrais do Continente Asiático/genética , Subunidade p35 da Interleucina-12/genética , Subunidade p40 da Interleucina-12/genética , Neoplasias Pulmonares/genética , Polimorfismo de Nucleotídeo Único , Idoso , Estudos de Casos e Controles , Feminino , Frequência do Gene , Estudos de Associação Genética , Predisposição Genética para Doença , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Fumar/efeitos adversos , Fumar/genética , Taiwan
6.
Anticancer Res ; 38(10): 5671-5677, 2018 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30275186

RESUMO

BACKGROUND/AIM: Matrix metalloproteinase-7 (MMP-7) plays an important role in metastasis behavior of cancer cells, and overexpression of MMP-7 has been associated with poor prognosis in non-small cell lung cancer. However, the contribution of various genotypes of MMP-7 has not yet been investigated in lung cancer in Taiwan. Therefore, this study aimed to investigate the association of MMP-7 genotypes with lung cancer risk among the Taiwanese. MATERIALS AND METHODS: In this hospital-based case-control study, genotypes and distributions at two promoter sites of MMP-7, A-181G and C-153T, were determined, and their association with lung cancer risk in Taiwan was evaluated among 358 lung cancer patients and 716 age- and gender-matched healthy control individuals. In addition, the interaction of MMP-7 genotypes and smoking status were also examined. RESULTS: The percentages of variant AG and GG at MMP-7 A-181G in the lung cancer group were similar to the control group (12.8% and 2.3% vs. 11.3% and 1.5%, respectively; ptrend=0.5294). The allelic frequency distribution analysis showed that the variant G allele at MMP-7 A-181G conferred non-significant elevated lung cancer risk compared to the wild-type A allele [odds ratio (OR)=1.18, 95% confidence interval (CI)=0.85-1.66, p=0.2289]. As for the genotypes of MMP-7 C-153T, all the studied Taiwanese population was of CC genotype. Furthermore, there was no obvious joint effect of MMP-7 A-181G genotype and smoking status on the lung cancer risk. No statistically significant correlation was observed between MMP-7 A-181G genotype distributions and gender. CONCLUSION: There was no evidence that the genotypes of MMP-7 A-181G may act as a biomarker in determining personal susceptibility to lung cancer in Taiwan.


Assuntos
Carcinoma Pulmonar de Células não Pequenas/genética , Predisposição Genética para Doença , Neoplasias Pulmonares/genética , Metaloproteinase 7 da Matriz/genética , Polimorfismo de Nucleotídeo Único , Regiões Promotoras Genéticas , Adenocarcinoma/genética , Adenocarcinoma/patologia , Idoso , Biomarcadores Tumorais/genética , Carcinoma Pulmonar de Células não Pequenas/patologia , Carcinoma de Células Escamosas/genética , Carcinoma de Células Escamosas/patologia , Estudos de Casos e Controles , Feminino , Seguimentos , Genótipo , Humanos , Neoplasias Pulmonares/patologia , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Prognóstico , Fatores de Risco , Taxa de Sobrevida
7.
Anticancer Res ; 38(9): 5159-5164, 2018 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30194163

RESUMO

BACKGROUND/AIM: Matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs) control the homeostasis of the extracellular matrix and their genetic polymorphisms may contribute to cancer susceptibility. The aim of this study was to reveal the genotypes of MMP8 among the Taiwanese and examine the contribution of MMP8 C-799T, Val436Ala and Lys460Thr polymorphisms to bladder cancer. MATERIALS AND METHODS: MMP8 C-799T, Val436Ala and Lys460Thr polymorphic genotypes were determined in 375 patients with bladder cancer and 375 healthy controls by polymerase chain reaction-restriction fragment length polymorphism methodology. RESULTS: Regarding MMP8 C-799T, there was no significant differential distribution between patient and control groups [p for trend=0.6629]. The odds ratios (ORs) after adjusting for age, gender, smoking and alcohol drinking status for those carrying CT and TT genotypes at MMP8 C-799T were 1.13 (95%CI=0.89-1.44, p=0.3688) and 1.10 (95%CI=0.87-1.52, p=0.9030), respectively, compared to those carrying the wild-type CC genotype. Regarding MMP8 Val436Ala, there was no significant differential distribution between patient and control groups [p for trend=0.8166]. The adjusted OR for those carrying AC and CC genotypes at MMP8 Val436Ala were 0.71 (95%CI=0.31-2.28, p=0.6094) and 1.00 (95%CI=0.21-4.73, p=0.7247), respectively. The polymorphism Lys460Thr at MMP8 was not found among Taiwanese patients. CONCLUSION: MMP8 C-799T, Val436Ala and Lys460Thr may only play an indirect role in determining personal cancer susceptibility for bladder cancer in Taiwan.


Assuntos
Grupo com Ancestrais do Continente Asiático/genética , Metaloproteinase 8 da Matriz/genética , Mutação , Neoplasias da Bexiga Urinária/genética , Feminino , Estudos de Associação Genética , Testes Genéticos , Genótipo , Humanos , Masculino , Razão de Chances , Taiwan
8.
Cancer Genomics Proteomics ; 15(3): 207-212, 2018.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29695403

RESUMO

BACKGROUND/AIM: Matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs) play important roles in inflammation and carcinogenesis, but the genotypic role of MMP-7 has never been investigated in colorectal cancer (CRC) among the Taiwanese. Therefore, in this study we aimed to evaluate the contribution of MMP-7 genotypes to the risk of CRC in Taiwan. MATERIALS AND METHODS: In this case-control study, MMP-7 A-181G and C-153T promoter genotypes were determined and their association with CRC risk were investigated among 362 CRC patients and 362 age- and gender-matched healthy controls. In addition, the interaction of MMP-7 genotypes and personal behaviors were also examined. RESULTS: The percentages of variant AG and GG for MMP-7 A-181G genotypes were 10.5% and 1.7% in the CRC group and 11.9% and 2.2% in the control group, respectively (p for trend=0.7145). The allelic frequency distribution analysis showed that the variant G allele of MMP-7 A-181G conferred a slight but non-significant decreased CRC susceptibility to the wild-type C allele (odds ratio (OR)=0.86, 95% confidence interval (CI)=0.64-1.31, p=0.37). Taiwanese all harbour the CC genotype at MMP-7 C-153T. As for the gene-lifestyle interaction, there were no obvious joint effects of MMP-7 A-181G genotype on the risk of CRC among ever smoker, alcohol drinker, non-smoker or non-drinker subgroups. No statistically significant correlation was observed between MMP-7 A-181G genotypic distributions and age, gender, tumor size, location or metastasis status. CONCLUSION: The genotypes of MMP-7 A-181G may play an indirect role in determining personal susceptibility to CRC and prognosis. The further genotyping work on MMP-7 and other genes (such as other MMPs, oncogenes and tumor suppression genes) on CRC susceptibility and prognosis, should be taken into consideration spontaneously in the precision medicine era.


Assuntos
Neoplasias Colorretais/genética , Predisposição Genética para Doença , Metaloproteinase 7 da Matriz/genética , Polimorfismo de Nucleotídeo Único , Consumo de Bebidas Alcoólicas , Estudos de Casos e Controles , Neoplasias Colorretais/epidemiologia , Feminino , Genótipo , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Prognóstico , Regiões Promotoras Genéticas , Fatores de Risco , Fumar , Taiwan/epidemiologia
9.
Biomedicine (Taipei) ; 7(2): 10, 2017 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28612708

RESUMO

Expression of matrix metalloproteinase-1 (MMP1), an interstitial collagenase regulating the extracellular matrix, plays a major role in carcinogenesis of gastric cancer, a leading cause of death worldwide. In literature, the single-nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) promoter -1607 1G/2G (rs1799750) at the MMP1 gene promoter has been reported to alter its own transcription level. While the importance's of the genotype of MMP1 promoter -1607 has not yet been studied in gastric cancer in Taiwan, our aim was to investigate MMP1 promoter -1607 genotypes and gastric cancer (GC) susceptibility in central Taiwan population. In the current hospital-based case-control study, the contribution of MMP1 promoter -1607 genotypes to GC risk was investigated among 121 GC patients and 363 gender- and age-matched healthy controls recruited and genotyped by the polymerase chain reaction-based restriction fragment length polymorphism (PCR-RFLP) methodology. We found that the genotypic and allelic frequencies were not differentially distributed between GC patient and control groups. The variant 1G containing genotypes have interactions with cigarrete smoking behaviors and Helicobacter pylori infection status, but not alcoholism on GC susceptibility determination. Our findings suggest that the variant 1G allele on MMP1 promoter -1607 may contribute to GC carcinogenesis and may be useful for GC early detection and prevention when combined with cigarrete smoking behaviors and Helicobacter pylori infection status.

10.
Anticancer Res ; 37(5): 2307-2313, 2017 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28476796

RESUMO

AIM: To evaluate the contribution of ERCC1 rs11615 and rs3212986 genotypes regarding the risk of colorectal cancer (CRC) in Taiwan. MATERIALS AND METHODS: In this case-control study, ERCC1 rs11615 and rs3212986 genotypes and their interaction with consumption of cigarettes and alcohol in determining CRC risk were investigated among 362 CRC patients and 362 age- and gender-matched healthy controls. RESULTS: The percentages of CC, CT and TT for ERCC1 rs11615 genotype were 44.2%, 36.2% and 19.6% in the CRC group and 49.7%, 38.4% and 11.9% in the control group, respectively (p for trend=0.0158). The allelic frequency distribution analysis showed that the variant T allele of ERCC1 rs11615 conferred increased CRC susceptibility to the wild-type C allele (odds ratio (OR)=1.34, 95% confidence interval (CI)=1.08-1.67, p=0.0079). As for the gene-lifestyle interaction, there were obvious joint effects of ERCC1 rs11615 genotype on the risk of CRC among ever smokers and alcohol drinkers, but not non-smokers or non-drinkers. There is a positive correlation of ERCC1 rs11615 genotype with lymph node metastasis, but not other CRC prognosis, including tumor size and location. CONCLUSION: ERCC1 rs11615 T allele serves as a predictive marker for CRC risk and future studies with larger samples and functional evaluation are warranted to validate these findings.


Assuntos
Consumo de Bebidas Alcoólicas/genética , Neoplasias Colorretais/genética , Proteínas de Ligação a DNA/genética , Endonucleases/genética , Predisposição Genética para Doença , Fumar/genética , Consumo de Bebidas Alcoólicas/epidemiologia , Estudos de Casos e Controles , Neoplasias Colorretais/epidemiologia , Feminino , Genótipo , Humanos , Metástase Linfática/genética , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Fumar/epidemiologia , Taiwan/epidemiologia
11.
Anticancer Res ; 37(5): 2417-2423, 2017 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28476809

RESUMO

BACKGROUND/AIM: Nijmegen breakage syndrome 1 (NBS1) is a component of MRE11/RAD50/NBS1 complex (MRN) that plays a critical role in the cellular response to DNA damage and maintenance of chromosomal integrity. Failure in DNA damage response affects the level of cell survival, increases the frequency of gene mutation or chromosomal instability and other cellular phenotypic abnormalities, which are the important mechanisms of carcinogenesis. However, the contribution of variant NBS1 genotypes to lung cancer is not known. The current study aimed to evaluate the contribution of the common variant NBS1 Glu185Gln (rs1805794, E185Q) genotypes to the risk of lung cancer. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The contributions of the NBS1 Glu185Gln genotypes to lung cancer risk were investigated among 358 patients with lung cancer and 716 age- and gender-matched healthy controls by polymerase chain reaction-restriction fragment length polymorphism (PCR-RFLP). RESULTS: GG, CG and CC NBS1 Glu185Gln genotype percentages were 45.2%, 43.9% and 10.9% in the patient group and 46.1%, 45.1% and 8.8% in the non-cancer control group, respectively (p for trend=0.5423). Analysis of allelic frequency distributions showed that the C allele of NBS1 Glu185Gln did not increase lung cancer susceptibility (p=0.4916). Interestingly, the CC genotypes at NBS1 Glu185Gln enhanced the risk of lung cancer among the males adjusted odds ratio (aOR)=1.85, 95% confidence interval (CI)=1.12-2.83 and among the smokers (aOR=1.76, 95% CI=1.09-2.64) but not among the females and non-smokers. CONCLUSION: The CC genotype of NBS1 Glu185Gln may increase lung cancer risk only for males and smokers and may serve as a practical marker for early detective and predictive purposes of lung cancer.


Assuntos
Proteínas de Ciclo Celular/genética , Predisposição Genética para Doença , Neoplasias Pulmonares/genética , Proteínas Nucleares/genética , Fumar/genética , Idoso , Grupo com Ancestrais do Continente Asiático/genética , Quebras de DNA de Cadeia Dupla , Reparo do DNA , Feminino , Genótipo , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Razão de Chances , Polimorfismo de Nucleotídeo Único , Risco , Fatores Sexuais , Taiwan
12.
Cancer Genomics Proteomics ; 14(2): 119-125, 2017.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28387651

RESUMO

BACKGROUND/AIM: Metalloproteinases (MMPs) are a family of proteases which have been shown to be overexpressed in various types of cancers. However, the contribution of MMP1 genotype to hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) has not been well studied. This study aimed to evaluate the contribution of MMP1 promoter 1607 genotype to the risk of HCC in Taiwan, where HCC incidence is relatively high in the world. MATERIALS AND METHODS: In this case-control study, MMP1 genotype and its interaction with consumption of cigarettes and alcohol in determining HCC risk was investigated among 298 HCC patients and 889 age- and gender-matched healthy controls. RESULTS: The percentages of ever smokers and ever alcohol drinkers were much higher in the case group than in the control group. The percentages of 2G/2G, 1G/2G and 1G/1G for MMP1 promoter 1607 genotype were 37.2%, 38.3% and 24.5% in the HCC group and 34.8%, 44.0% and 21.2% in the control group, respectively (p for trend=0.2048). The allelic frequency distribution analysis showed the variant 1G allele of MMP1 promoter 1607 conferred similar HCC susceptibility as the wild-type 2G allele (odds ratio (OR)=1.01, 95% confidence interval (CI)=0.84-1.22, p=0.8735). As for the gene-lifestyle interaction, there was an obvious protective effect of MMP1 promoter 1607 1G allele on the risk of HCC among non-smokers, but not non-smokers, even alcohol drinkers or non-drinkers. CONCLUSION: The 1G allele of MMP1 promoter 1607 may have a protective effect on HCC risk for non-smokers in Taiwan and further validations are needed in other population groups.


Assuntos
Carcinoma Hepatocelular/genética , Predisposição Genética para Doença/genética , Neoplasias Hepáticas/genética , Metaloproteinase 1 da Matriz/genética , Polimorfismo de Nucleotídeo Único , Regiões Promotoras Genéticas/genética , Consumo de Bebidas Alcoólicas , Alelos , Grupo com Ancestrais do Continente Asiático/genética , Carcinoma Hepatocelular/etnologia , Estudos de Casos e Controles , Feminino , Frequência do Gene , Predisposição Genética para Doença/etnologia , Genótipo , Humanos , Neoplasias Hepáticas/etnologia , Modelos Logísticos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Razão de Chances , Fatores de Risco , Fumar , Taiwan
13.
Mar Drugs ; 14(10)2016 Oct 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27754313

RESUMO

The culture supernatant of Paenibacillus sp. TKU036, a bacterium isolated from Taiwanese soils, showed high antioxidant activity (85%) when cultured in a squid pen powder (SPP)-containing medium at 37 °C for three days. Homogentisic acid (2,5-dihydroxyphenylacetic acid, HGA) was isolated and found to be the major antioxidant in the culture supernatant of the SPP-containing medium fermented by Paenibacillus sp. TKU036. Tryptophan was also present in the culture supernatant. The results of high-performance liquid chromatography (HPLC) fingerprinting showed that HGA and tryptophan were produced via fermentation but did not pre-exist in the unfermented SPP-containing medium. Neither HGA nor tryptophan was found in the culture supernatants obtained from the fermentation of nutrient broth or other chitinous material, i.e., medium containing shrimp head powder, by Paenibacillus sp. TKU036. The production of HGA via microorganisms has rarely been reported. In this study, we found that squid pen was a potential carbon and nitrogen source for Paenibacillus sp. Tryptophan (105 mg/L) and HGA (60 mg/L) were recovered from the culture supernatant. The isolated HGA was found to have higher antioxidant activity (IC50 = 6.9 µg/mL) than α-tocopherol (IC50 = 17.6 µg/mL). The anti-inflammatory activity of the isolated HGA (IC50 = 10.14 µg/mL) was lower than that of quercetin (IC50 = 1.14 µg/mL). As a result, squid pen, a fishery processing byproduct, is a valuable material for the production of tryptophan and the antioxidant and anti-inflammatory HGA via microbial conversion.


Assuntos
Anti-Inflamatórios não Esteroides/farmacologia , Antioxidantes/farmacologia , Decapodiformes/química , Ácido Homogentísico/química , Ácido Homogentísico/farmacologia , Paenibacillus/química , Paenibacillus/metabolismo , Animais , Carbono/metabolismo , Quitina/química , Cromatografia Líquida de Alta Pressão , Meios de Cultura , Fermentação , Espectroscopia de Ressonância Magnética , Nitrogênio/metabolismo , Quercetina/farmacologia , Triptofano/química , alfa-Tocoferol/farmacologia
14.
Anticancer Res ; 36(7): 3335-40, 2016 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27354591

RESUMO

BACKGROUND/AIM: The up-regulation of matrix metalloproteinase-1 (MMP-1) has been demonstrated to be correlated with lymph node metastasis of nasopharyngeal carcinoma (NPC); however, the genotypic role of MMP-1 is not well understand. The present study aimed to assess the contribution of MMP-1 promoter -1607 genotypes, combined with environmental carcinogens, on the predisposition to NPC tumorigenesis. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The MMP-1 promoter -1607 genotypes were examined for 352 age- and gender-matched controls and 176 NPC patients by polymerase chain reaction-restriction fragment length polymorphism (PCR-RFLP) methodology. RESULTS: We found that the MMP-1 promoter -1607 heterozygous 1G/2G and homozygous 1G/1G genotypes, were more and more prone to be associated with NPC risk (odds ratio (OR)=0.64 and 0.63, 95% confidence interval (CI)=0.43-1.03 and 0.36-0.96, p=0.0659 and 0.0932, respectively). In the dominant models, there was a significant association between the genotype of MMP-1 promoter -1607 and NPC risk (OR=0.64, 95% CI=0.43-0.91, p=0.0359). In addition, individuals carrying the 1G allele at MMP-1 promoter -1607 were less susceptible to NPC (OR=0.73; 95%CI=0.59 to 0.96, p=0.0418) after adjustment for age, gender, cigarette, alcohol and areca consumption. CONCLUSION: The 1G/1G genotype of MMP-1 promoter -1607 may independently have a protective effect on NPC risk, without interaction with behavioral factors, including cigarette, alcohol and areca consumption.


Assuntos
Consumo de Bebidas Alcoólicas/metabolismo , Areca , Metaloproteinase 1 da Matriz/genética , Neoplasias Nasofaríngeas/enzimologia , Fumar/metabolismo , Consumo de Bebidas Alcoólicas/genética , Estudos de Casos e Controles , Feminino , Frequência do Gene , Predisposição Genética para Doença , Genótipo , Humanos , Masculino , Metaloproteinase 1 da Matriz/metabolismo , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Neoplasias Nasofaríngeas/etiologia , Neoplasias Nasofaríngeas/genética , Reação em Cadeia da Polimerase , Polimorfismo de Fragmento de Restrição , Regiões Promotoras Genéticas , Fumar/genética
15.
Anticancer Res ; 36(7): 3341-5, 2016 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27354592

RESUMO

AIM: Metalloproteinases (MMPs) are a family of enzymes involved in many physiological processes, such as skeletal development, wound healing, and scar formation, as well as carcinogenesis. However, the contribution of MMP1 genotype to breast cancer has not been elucidated. This study aimed to evaluate the contribution of commonly studied MMP1 promoter 1607 genotype to breast cancer risk. MATERIALS AND METHODS: In this hospital-based case-control study, contribution of MMP1 genotype to breast cancer risk was evaluated among 1,232 patients with breast cancer and 1,232 gender-matched healthy controls. RESULTS: The distribution of 2G/2G, 1G/2G and 1G/1G for MMP1 promoter 1607 genotype was 36.0%, 41.3% and 22.7% in the breast cancer group and 34.2%, 44.5% and 21.3% in the non-cancer group, respectively (p for trend=0.2820). We also analyzed the allelic frequency distributions and found that the variant 1G allele of MMP1 promoter 1607 conferred similar breast cancer susceptibility as the wild-type 2G allele (odds ratio=0.99, 95% confidence interval=0.89-1.11, p=0.8858). There was no interaction between MMP1 promoter 1607 genotype and cigarette smoking or alcohol drinking habits. CONCLUSION: The genotype of MMP1 promoter 1607 may not be a major determining factor for breast cancer risk. The contribution of MMP1 promoter 1607 genotype to prognosis and subtypes of breast cancer needs further investigation.


Assuntos
Neoplasias da Mama/enzimologia , Metaloproteinase 1 da Matriz/genética , Adulto , Neoplasias da Mama/epidemiologia , Neoplasias da Mama/genética , Estudos de Casos e Controles , Feminino , Frequência do Gene , Predisposição Genética para Doença , Humanos , Metaloproteinase 1 da Matriz/metabolismo , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Polimorfismo de Nucleotídeo Único , Regiões Promotoras Genéticas , Taiwan/epidemiologia
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