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1.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31673916

RESUMO

Karst groundwater, an important water source, is often highly influenced by human impacts, causing environmental damage and threats to human health. However, studies on the anthropogenic influences on the hydrogeochemical evolution of karst groundwater are relatively rare. To assess hydrogeochemical formation and evolution, we focused on a typical karst groundwater system (Jinan, China) which is composed of cold groundwater (av. temperature 13-17 °C), springs and geothermal water (av. temperature > 30 °C) and is significantly affected by human activities. The study was performed by means of water samples collecting and analyzing and isotope analysis (2H, 18O and 14C). The statistical analysis and inverse models were also applied to further understand geochemical processes and anthropogenic influences. The 2H, 18O and 14C results indicate that the cold karst groundwater is easily influenced and contaminated by the local environment, while geothermal water is relatively old with a slow rate of recharge. The hydrochemical types of cold karst groundwater are mainly HCO3-Ca and HCO3·SO4-Ca, while geothermal water hydrochemical types are SO4-Ca·Na and SO4-Ca. Groundwater Ca2+, Mg2+, HCO3- and SO42- are mainly controlled by carbonate equilibrium, gypsum dissolution and dedolomitization. Groundwater Na+, K+ and Cl- are mainly derived from halite dissolution, and in geothermal water, they are also affected by incongruent dissolution of albite and K-feldspar. Anthropogenic nitrogen produces ammonium resulting in nitrification and reduction in CO2(g) consumption and HCO3- release from carbonate dissolution. Principal component analysis and inverse models also indicate that nitrification and denitrification have significantly affected water-rock interactions. Our study suggests that karst groundwater quality is dominated by water-rock interactions and elucidates the influence of anthropogenic nitrogen. We believe that this paper will be a good reference point to study anthropogenic influences on the groundwater environment and to protect karst groundwater globally.

2.
Life Sci ; : 117041, 2019 Nov 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31715188

RESUMO

AIM: The present study explored the role and possible interrelationship between orexin B-sirtuin 1-HIF-1α signaling pathways in diabetes-mellitus induced vascular dysfunction and enhancement in myocardial injury. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Streptozotocin (60 mg/kg) was employed to induce diabetes mellitus in male Wistar albino rats, which were kept for eight weeks. The vascular function was noted by assessing acetylcholine-induced relaxation in norepinephrine precontracted mesenteric arteries. The hearts were subjected to ischemia-reperfusion injury on the Langendorff apparatus. Myocardial injury was assessed by noting the release of CK-MB, cardiac troponin and measuring myocardial infarction. The levels of orexin B, sirtuin 1 and HIF-1α were measured. YNT-185 (orexin B type 2 receptor agonist), STR2104 (sirtuin 1 agonist) and EX527 (sirtuin 1 antagonist) were employed as pharmacological tools. RESULTS: Diabetes led to significant development of vascular dysfunction and enhanced ischemia-reperfusion injury in isolated hearts. There was a significant decrease in the levels of orexin B, sirtuin 1 and HIF-1α in diabetic animals. Treatment with YNT-185 and/or STR2104 significantly attenuated the diabetes-induced increase in myocardial injury and vascular dysfunction. Co-administration of EX527 abolished the effects of YNT-185 suggesting orexin B-mediated effects may be through activation of sirtuin 1. Moreover, YNT-185-induced increase in the expression of sirtuin 1 and HIF-1α was also abolished in the presence of EX527. CONCLUSION: Diabetes-induced significant decline in orexin B levels in the plasma along with a decrease in the expression of sirtuin 1 and HIF-1α in the heart following ischemia-reperfusion injury may possibly contribute in exacerbating the myocardial injury and vascular dysfunction.

3.
Sci Rep ; 9(1): 15746, 2019 Oct 31.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31673057

RESUMO

We sequenced and annotated the first complete mitochondrial genome (mitogenome) of Ledra auditura (Hemiptera: Cicadellidae: Ledrinae) and reconstructed phylogenetic relationships among 47 species (including 2 outgroup species) on the basis of 3 datasets using maximum likelihood (ML) and Bayesian inference (BI) analyses. The complete L. auditura mitogenome (length, 16,094 bp) comprises 37 genes [13 protein-coding genes (PCGs), 22 tRNAs, and 2 rRNAs], 1 control region, and 2 long non-coding regions. The first long non-coding region (length, 211 bp) is located between tRNA-I and tRNA-Q and the second region (length, 994 bp) between tRNA-S2 and ND1. All PCGs show ATN (Met/Ile) as their start codon and TAR as their stop codon. Except tRNA-S1 (AGN), which lacks the dihydrouridine arm, all tRNAs can fold into the typical cloverleaf secondary structure. The complete L. auditura mitogenome shows a base composition bias of 76.3% A + T (A = 29.9%, T = 46.4%, G = 13.3%, and C = 10.5%), negative AT skew of -0.22, and positive GC skew of 0.12. In ML and BI analyses, L. auditura was clustered with Evacanthus heimianus (Hemiptera: Cicadellidae: Evacanthinae) with strong branch support.

4.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31675212

RESUMO

High-throughput screening and fast identification of single bacterial cells are crucial for clinical diagnosis, bioengineering, and fermentation engineering. Although single-cell technologies have been developed extensively in recent years, the single-cell technologies for bacteria still need further exploration. In this study, we demonstrate an identification and screening technology for single bacterial cells based on a large-scale nanobowl array, which is well-ordered and size-adjustable for use with different kinds of bacteria. When the culture medium with monodispersed bacteria was placed on the nanobowl array, it successfully enabled loading of single bacterium into a single nanobowl. Because of the limitative size and depth of the nanobowls, mixture of different bacteria species could be screened according to their sizes. In addition, with the help of a low electrical current, the bacteria can be further screened according to their intrinsic surface charges. If combined with micromanipulation technology, high-throughput single bacterial selection can be achieved in future.

5.
Cancer Res ; 2019 Oct 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31619387

RESUMO

BRCA1 plays a key role in homologous recombination (HR) DNA repair. Accordingly, changes that downregulate BRCA1, including BRCA1 mutations and reduced BRCA1 transcription, due to promoter hypermethylation or loss of the BRCA1 transcriptional regulator CDK12, disrupt HR in multiple cancers. In addition, BRCA1 has also been implicated in the regulation of metabolism. Here, we showed that reducing BRCA1 expression, either by CDK12 or BRCA1 depletion, led to metabolic reprogramming of ovarian cancer cells, causing decreased mitochondrial respiration and reduced ATP levels. BRCA1 depletion drove this reprogramming by upregulating NNMT (nicotinamide N-methyltransferase). Notably, the metabolic alterations caused by BRCA1 depletion and NNMT upregulation sensitized ovarian cancer cells to agents that inhibit mitochondrial metabolism (VLX600 and tigecycline) and to agents that inhibit glucose import (WZB117). These observations suggest that inhibition of energy metabolism may be a potential strategy to selectively target BRCA1-deficient high-grade serous ovarian cancer (HGSOC), which is characterized by frequent BRCA1 loss and NNMT overexpression.

6.
Cell Cycle ; : 1-13, 2019 Oct 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31607209

RESUMO

The research aims to explore the roles and regulatory mechanisms of the circular RNA (circRNA) ZNF292 (circZNF292) in OGD-induced damage in H9c2 cells. The H9c2 cells were treated by OGD and/or transfected with circZNF292, si-circZNF292, pc-Bcl-2/adenovirus E1B-19 kDa-interacting protein 3 (BNIP3) or corresponding controls. Cell viability was detected with the CCK-8. The protein expression levels of the Bax, caspase-3, Beclin-1, p62, LC3, BNIP3, Wnt3a, ß-catenin and mammalian target of rapamycin (mTOR) were individually determined via western blot. qRT-PCR was used to examine the circZNF292 expression level. The apoptotic rate was determined by the Annexin V-FITC/PI with flow cytometer. The production of the circZNF292 was promoted by OGD. Abundant circZNF292 released OGD-induced damage by up-regulating cell viability and Wnt3a/ß-catenin or mTOR proteins, but down-regulating apoptosis and autophagy. circZNF292 had an opposite effect on these elements mentioned above. Besides, BNIP3 was negatively adjusted by the circZNF292. The BNIP3 overproduction destroyed the protective effect of circZNF292 on H9c2. circZNF292 released OGD-induced damage in the H9c2 cells by targeting the BNIP3 through Wnt/ß-catenin and mTOR activation.

7.
Int J Mol Med ; 44(6): 2003-2014, 2019 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31638178

RESUMO

In the present study, we examined the function of microRNA (miR)­146a­5p in patients with refractory Mycoplasma pneumoniae pneumonia. In brief, the expression of miR­146a­5p was reduced in patients with refractory Mycoplasma pneumoniae pneumonia. Downregulation of miR­146a­5p reduced inflammation in an in vitro model of refractory Mycoplasma pneumoniae pneumonia, whilst overexpression of miR­146a­5p promoted inflammation. Downregulation of miR­146a­5p induced the protein expression of ATP­binding cassette subfamily G member 1 (ABCG1) and interleukin 1 receptor­associated kinase 1 (IRAK­1), while suppressed expression was observed of the aforementioned proteins following overexpression of miR­146a­5p in an in vitro model of refractory Mycoplasma pneumoniae pneumonia. The administration of small interfering RNA against RXR or IRAK­1 attenuated the effects of miR­146a­5p on inflammation in an in vitro model of refractory Mycoplasma pneumoniae pneumonia. Collectively, these results suggested that miR­146a­5p reduced ABCG1 expression in refractory Mycoplasma pneumoniae pneumonia via downregulation of IRAK­1.

8.
Zhongguo Shi Yan Xue Ye Xue Za Zhi ; 27(5): 1602-1606, 2019 Oct.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31607319

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To investigatc the curative efficacy of low dose rituximab for glucocorticoid ineffective on dependent ITP patients and its relation with sensitivity to glucocorticoid so as to provide reference basis for rational use of drugs in clinical treatmant. METHODS: Seventy-ninth ITP patients enrolled in this study included the glucocorticoid-ineffective patients (19 cases) and glucocorticoid-dependent patients (60 cases). All ITP patients were treated with regimen consisted of high dose dexamethasone plus low dose rituximab (dexal-methasone 40 mg/d for 4 days per os, ritaximab 100 mg by intravenous infusion at D7, 14, 21 and 28 respectively). The patients after treatment were followed-up for 12 month, and the relation of patients sensitivity to glucocorticoid with therapentic response of rituximab was analyzed. The changes of Treg cell ratio and BAFF, IL-2 and sCD40L levels before and after treatment were detected by flow cytometry and ELISA respectively. RESULTS: The overall response rate (ORR) of patients treated with above- mentioned regemen at 1, 3, 6 and 12 months after treatment was 79.7% (63/79), 69.6% (55/79), 63.3% (50/79) and 60.8% (48/79) respectivcly, out of which the ORR of glucocorticoid ineffective and glucocorticoid-dependent ITP patients treated with above-mentioned regimen at 1, 3, 6 and 12 months after treatment was 47.4% (9/19) vs 90.0% (54/60), 36.8% (7/19) vs 80.0% (48/60), 21.1% (4/19) vs 76.7% (46/60), 21.1% (4/19) vs 73.3% (44/60), and the difference between 2 groups was statistically significant. The detection of T reg cell showed that the T reg cell ratio in glucocorticoid- ineffective and dependent patients at 1, 3, 6 and 12 months after treatment was (1.70±0.43)% vs (3.47±0.72)%, (1.66±0.33)% vs (4.29±0.91)%, (1.71±0.37)% vs (4.44±0.97)%, (3.36±0.54)% vs (4.29±1.04)%, respectively. The detection of cytokines showed that the levels of BAFF, IL-2 and sCD40L in plasma of glucocorticoid-dependent patients at 1 month after treatment significanlly decreased (P<0.05), the levels of BAFF, IL-2 and sCD40L in plasma of glucocorticoid-ineffective patients although decreased at 1 mouth after treatment, but there was no statistical difference as compared with glucocosticoid-depenment patients. CONCLUSION: The treatment of glucocorticoid-dependent ITP patients with rituximab is more effective. The regulatory effect of rituximab on the T-reg cells, BAFF, IL-2 and sCD40L may be one of its mechanisms.


Assuntos
Púrpura Trombocitopênica Idiopática , Rituximab/uso terapêutico , Dexametasona , Glucocorticoides , Humanos , Inosina Trifosfato , Púrpura Trombocitopênica Idiopática/tratamento farmacológico
9.
Zhong Nan Da Xue Xue Bao Yi Xue Ban ; 44(9): 1003-1008, 2019 Sep 28.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31645489

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To identify risk factors for early complications in patients after robot-assisted laparoscopic radical cystectomy (RARC) and a standardized reporting model to predict complications precisely and recommend reasonable prophylaxis.
 Methods: A total of 90 patients with bladder cancer, who underwent RARC in the Second Xiangya Hospital and the Third Xiangya Hospital of Central South University from January 2016 to January 2018, were enrolled for this study. Their clinical information, preoperative examination and follow-up data within 90 d after RARC were collected. Univariable and multivariable logistic regressions were performed to identify risk factors for early complications after RARC.
 Results: The overall incidence of complications within 90 d after RARC was 48.9% (44/90), including 9 cases of Clavien grade 1, 17 cases of Clavien grade 2, 4 cases of Clavien grade 3, 12 cases of Clavien grade 4, and 2 cases of Clavien grade 5. Acute renal injury (22.2%), intestinal obstruction (16.7%), urinary tract infection (14.4%) and lymphatic leakage (10.0%) were the most common complications within 90 d after the operation. Two patients (2.2%) died within 90 d after the operation. Preoperative BMI (OR=1.16, 95% CI 1.02 to 1.32), postoperative instant (≤30 min) serum creatinine (OR=1.02, 95% CI 1.00 to 1.03), and pT stage (OR=1.67, 95% CI 1.05 to 2.68) were the risk factors for early complications after RARC. 
 Conclusion: The incidence of early complications after RARC is high. Preoperative hemodialysis, correction of anemia, intraoperative protection of renal function, and early recovery after surgery are helpful to prevent early complications after RARC.


Assuntos
Cistectomia , Laparoscopia , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Robóticos , Neoplasias da Bexiga Urinária/cirurgia , Humanos , Complicações Pós-Operatórias , Fatores de Risco , Robótica , Resultado do Tratamento
10.
Anaerobe ; : 102094, 2019 Sep 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31499177

RESUMO

It is known that antibiotic usage is associated with the development of Clostridioides difficile infection (CDI), especially clindamycin, third-generation cephalosporins, and fuoroquinolones. Antibiotic resistance rates to many antibiotics varies a lot by study. We performed a study focused on antibiotic resistance in clinical isolates of C. difficile from more widespread geographic regions across China. Of 319 C. difficile isolates tested against 11 antibiotics, 313 (98.1%) were resistant to at least one antibiotic. The highest rate of resistance was to ciprofloxacin, clindamycin, and erythromycin across all age groups, similar to previous studies. However, all isolates were susceptible to metronidazole and vancomycin. Overall the resistance rate to tested antibiotics was lower than other reports in China except for chloramphenicol and meropenem. Genotype ST37/RT017 in clade 4 was resistant to more antibiotics than other types. Unexpectedly, RT078 isolates in this study were susceptible to almost all tested antibiotics. In addition, the proportion of multi-drug resistant (MDR) isolates observed (17%) in this study was much lower than several European studies (up to 55%) and a previous study in China (78%). Although isolates from patients aged between 65 and 85 were more resistant to antibiotics in comparison to other age groups, MDR isolates were still detected in children below 2-years of age. The highest percentage of MDR isolates was determined in South China, an area that is most developed economically. The clade 4, RT017 (ST37) has been associated with outbreaks in Europe and North America and is responsible for most C. difficile infections (CDIs) in Asia. In addition, RT017 is often clindamycin and fluoroquinolone resistant. This study provided a relatively comprehensive description of antibiotic resistance of C. difficile in China, and further elucidates the epidemiology and antibiotic resistance of clinical isolates of C. difficile in China at a national level.

11.
J Steroid Biochem Mol Biol ; 195: 105485, 2019 Sep 24.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31561002

RESUMO

Glucocorticoids (GCs) play an important role in controlling acute graft-versus-host disease (aGvHD), a frequent complication of allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation. The anti-inflammatory activity of GCs is mainly ascribed to the modulation of T cells and macrophages, for which reason a genetically induced GC resistance of either of these cell types causes aggravated aGvHD. Since only a few genes are currently known that are differentially regulated under these conditions, we analyzed the expression of 54 candidate genes in the inflamed small intestine of mice suffering from aGvHD when either allogeneic T cells or host myeloid cells were GC resistant using a microfluidic dynamic array platform for high-throughput quantitative PCR. The majority of genes categorized as cytokines (e.g. Il2, Il6), chemokines (e.g. Ccl2, Cxcl1), cell surface receptors (e.g. Fasl, Ctla4) and intracellular molecules (e.g. Dusp1, Arg1) were upregulated in mice transplanted with GC resistant allogeneic T cells. Moreover, the expression of several genes linked to energy metabolism (e.g. Glut1) was altered. Surprisingly, mice harboring GC resistant myeloid cells showed almost no changes in gene expression despite their fatal disease course after aGvHD induction. To identify additional genes in the inflamed small intestine that were affected by a GC resistance of allogeneic T cells, we performed an RNAseq analysis, which uncovered more than 500 differentially expressed transcripts (e.g. Cxcr6, Glut3, Otc, Aoc1, Il1r1, Sphk1) that were enriched for biological processes associated with inflammation and tissue disassembly. The changes in gene expression could be confirmed during full-blown disease but hardly any of them in the preclinical phase using high-throughput quantitative PCR. Further analysis of some of these genes revealed a highly selective expression pattern in T cells, intestinal epithelial cells and macrophages, which correlated with their regulation during disease progression. Collectively, we identified an altered gene expression profile caused by GC resistance of transplanted allogeneic T cells, which could help to define new targets for aGvHD therapy.

12.
Small ; 15(44): e1903395, 2019 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31502762

RESUMO

Extending available body space loading active species and controllably tailoring the d-band center to Fermi level of catalysts are of paramount importance but extremely challenging for the enhancement of electrocatalytic performance. Herein, a melamine-bridged self-construction strategy is proposed to in situ embed Co-based bimetallic nanoparticles in the body of N-doped porous carbon spheres (CoM-e-PNC), and achieve the controllable tailoring of the d-band center position by alloying of Co and another transition metal M (M = Ni, Fe, Mn, and Cu). The enrichment and exposure of the active sites in the body interior of porous carbon spheres, and the best balance between the adsorption of OH species and the desorption of O2 induced by optimizing the d-band center position, collectively enhance the oxygen evolution reaction (OER) performance. Meanwhile, the relationship of d-band center position and OER activity is found to exhibit the volcano curve rule, where the CoNi-e-PNC catalyst shows optimal OER performance with an overpotential of 0.24 V at 10 mA cm-2 in alkaline media, outperforming those of the ever-reported CoNi-based catalysts. Besides, CoNi-e-PNC catalyst also demonstrates high OER stability with slight current decrease after 100 h.

13.
Eur J Pharmacol ; 863: 172700, 2019 Nov 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31563651

RESUMO

Protein phosphatase-1 (PP1) is ubiquitously distributed in the nervous system and catalyzes the dephosphorylation of numerous substrates. The specificity and efficacy of PP1-mediated dephosphorylation depend on scaffolding proteins that anchor PP1 to the close vicinity of substrates. Spinophilin is one of the scaffolding proteins which are able to direct PP1 into postsynaptic density and regulate the synaptic transmission and plasticity. Here we found that spinophilin was enriched in dorsal root ganglia (DRG) neurons and engaged in the modification of nociceptive signaling processing. Disturbing spinophilin/PP1 interaction in DRG neurons led to the enhanced sensitivity of mice to heat and mechanical stimuli. The transient receptor potential vanilloid 1 (TRPV1) was identified as an important target for spinophilin modification. Our data showed that spinophilin physically interacted with TRPV1 and facilitated PP1 dephosphorylation of TRPV1 at Ser502. Disruption of spinophilin/PP1 complex enhanced Ser502 phosphorylation and boosted TRPV1 expression on plasma membrane. Peripheral inflammation induced by formalin disturbed spinophilin/PP1 interaction, which removed PP1-mediated inhibition and caused a marked increase of TRPV1 phosphorylation. Viral expression of wild-type spinophilin in DRG neurons repressed TRPV1 phosphorylation and alleviated formalin-induced inflammatory pain. These data suggested that spinophilin/PP1 complex negatively controlled TRPV1 function in DRG neurons.

14.
Cell Metab ; 30(4): 800-823.e7, 2019 Oct 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31523007

RESUMO

Although antibiotics disturb the structure of the gut microbiota, factors that modulate these perturbations are poorly understood. Bacterial metabolism is an important regulator of susceptibility in vitro and likely plays a large role within the host. We applied a metagenomic and metatranscriptomic approach to link antibiotic-induced taxonomic and transcriptional responses within the murine microbiome. We found that antibiotics significantly alter the expression of key metabolic pathways at the whole-community and single-species levels. Notably, Bacteroides thetaiotaomicron, which blooms in response to amoxicillin, upregulated polysaccharide utilization. In vitro, we found that the sensitivity of this bacterium to amoxicillin was elevated by glucose and reduced by polysaccharides. Accordingly, we observed that dietary composition affected the abundance and expansion of B. thetaiotaomicron, as well as the extent of microbiome disruption with amoxicillin. Our work indicates that the metabolic environment of the microbiome plays a role in the response of this community to antibiotics.

15.
PLoS Biol ; 17(8): e3000371, 2019 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31433808

RESUMO

Inhibitory glycinergic transmission in adult spinal cord is primarily mediated by glycine receptors (GlyRs) containing the α1 subunit. Here, we found that α1ins, a longer α1 variant with 8 amino acids inserted into the intracellular large loop (IL) between transmembrane (TM)3 and TM4 domains, was expressed in the dorsal horn of the spinal cord, distributed at inhibitory synapses, and engaged in negative control over nociceptive signal transduction. Activation of metabotropic glutamate receptor 5 (mGluR5) specifically suppressed α1ins-mediated glycinergic transmission and evoked pain sensitization. Extracellular signal-regulated kinase (ERK) was critical for mGluR5 to inhibit α1ins. By binding to a D-docking site created by the 8-amino-acid insert within the TM3-TM4 loop of α1ins, the active ERK catalyzed α1ins phosphorylation at Ser380, which favored α1ins ubiquitination at Lys379 and led to α1ins endocytosis. Disruption of ERK interaction with α1ins blocked Ser380 phosphorylation, potentiated glycinergic synaptic currents, and alleviated inflammatory and neuropathic pain. These data thus unraveled a novel, to our knowledge, mechanism for the activity-dependent regulation of glycinergic neurotransmission.

16.
Sheng Li Xue Bao ; 71(4): 597-603, 2019 Aug 25.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31440757

RESUMO

Central nervous system injury leads to irreversible neuronal loss and glial scar formation, which ultimately results in persistent neurological dysfunction. Regenerative medicine suggests that replenishing missing neurons may be an ideal approach to repair the damage. Recent researches showed that many mature cells could be transdifferentiated into functional neurons by reprogramming. Therefore, reprogramming endogenous glia in situ to produce functional neurons shows great potential and unique advantage for repairing neuronal damage and treating neurodegenerative diseases. The present review summarized the current research progress on in situ transdifferentiation in the central nervous system, focusing on the cell types, characteristics and research progress of glial cells that could be transdifferentiated in situ, in order to provide theoretical basis for the development of new therapeutic strategies of neuronal injury and further clinical application.


Assuntos
Transdiferenciação Celular , Reprogramação Celular , Sistema Nervoso Central/citologia , Neuroglia/citologia , Neurônios/citologia , Humanos , Doenças Neurodegenerativas
17.
Artif Cells Nanomed Biotechnol ; 47(1): 3492-3499, 2019 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31432699

RESUMO

Background: Many lncRNAs have been recognized as critical regulatory factors in acute myocardial infarction (AMI). Herein, we further tested the influence of long non-coding RNA urothelial carcinoma associated 1 (UCA1) on cardiomyocytes injury in AMI, along with the role of microRNA-122 (miR-122) in this influence. Methods: Cardiomyocytes H9c2 was subjected to oxygen-glucose deprivation (OGD) stimulation. Cell viability and apoptosis were assessed. The UCA1 and miR-122 expressions were measured by qRT-PCR. Plasmids and miRNAs transfection were utilized to elevate UCA1 and miR-122 expressions. Subsequently, the influences of UCA1 and/or miR-122 overexpression on OGD-aroused H9c2 cell viability inhibition and apoptosis were probed. The AKT/mTOR and JNK/p38MAPK pathways in cells were analyzed. Results: OGD aroused H9c2 cell injury by suppressing cell viability and elevating cell apoptosis. Followed by OGD stimulation, the UCA1 expression was lowered in H9c2 cells. Overexpression of UCA1 weakened H9c2 cell injury aroused by OGD and declined miR-122 expression. Moreover, miR-122 attended to the influence of UCA1 overexpression on OGD-aroused H9c2 cell injury. Overexpression of UCA1 weakened OGD-aroused AKT/mTOR pathway inactivation and JNK/p38MAPK pathway activation by declining miR-122. Conclusion: UCA1-relieved OGD-aroused H9c2 cell injury might be achieved via declining miR-122 and then promoting AKT/mTOR pathway and suppressing JNK/p38MAPK pathway.

18.
Epidemiology ; 30(6): 861-866, 2019 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31430267

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Self-controlled designs, both case-crossover and self-controlled case series, are well suited for evaluating outcomes of drug-drug interactions in electronic healthcare data. Their comparative performance in this context, however, is unknown. METHODS: We simulated cohorts of patients exposed to two drugs: a chronic drug (object) and a short-term drug (precipitant) with an associated interaction of 2.0 on the odds ratio scale. We analyzed cohorts using case-crossover and self-controlled case series designs evaluating exposure to the precipitant drug within person-time exposed to the object drug. Scenarios evaluated violations of key design assumptions: (1) time-varying, within-person confounding; (2) time trend in precipitant drug exposure prevalence; (3) nontransient precipitant exposure; and (4) event-dependent object drug discontinuation. RESULTS: Case-crossover analysis produced biased estimates when 30% of patients persisted on the precipitant drug (estimated OR 2.85) and when the use of the precipitant drug was increasing in simulated cohorts (estimated OR 2.56). Self-controlled case series produced biased estimates when patients discontinued the object drug following the occurrence of an outcome (estimated incidence ratio [IR] of 2.09 [50% of patients stopping therapy] and 2.22 [90%]). Both designs yielded similarly biased estimates in the presence of time-varying, within-person confounding. CONCLUSION: In settings with independent or rare outcomes and no substantial event-dependent censoring (<50%), self-controlled case series may be preferable to case-crossover design for evaluating outcomes of drug-drug interactions. With frequent event-dependent drug discontinuation, a case-crossover design may be preferable provided there are no time-related trends in drug exposure.

19.
BMC Musculoskelet Disord ; 20(1): 359, 2019 Aug 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31391019

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The present study aims to describe the imaging features in incident radiographic patellofemoral osteoarthritis (RPFOA) population in a Chinese suburban area. METHODS: The Beijing Shunyi osteoarthritis (BJS) study was a population-based, longitudinal and prospective study. Residents were recruited by randomized cluster sampling in 2014 and were followed 3 years later. Home interviews and clinical examinations were performed; weight-bearing posterior-anterior semi-flexed (45-degree) views of the tibiofemoral (TF) joints and skyline (45-degree) views of the patellofemoral (PF) joints were included. For each batch of study films (n = 100), 20 films from the year 2014 and 20 previously read PF radiographs were fed back to test inter-/intra-reader repeatability. The imaging features of incident RPFOA were analyzed. Narrative statistics, independent-sample t-tests, and nonparametric tests were performed. RESULTS: A total of 1295 participants (2590 knees) were recruited at baseline in 2014, and 967 (74.7%) residents were followed in 2017. Of all the knees (n = 1537) without RPFOA at baseline, 139 knees (13.3%) across 119 people developed incident RPFOA. Compared with the whole population, age (p = 0.031), body mass index (BMI, p = 0.042), and incidence of knee pain symptoms (p < 0.01) were significantly different in the incident RPFOA population, while range of motion (ROM, p = 0.052) and gender (0/1, p = 0.203) showed no significance. In the incident population, the changes of each imaging indicator grade were evaluated-lateral patellofemoral osteophyte (LPOST, increased by 1.02), medial patellofemoral osteophyte (MPOST, increased by 0.49), lateral joint space narrowing (LJSN, increased by 0.30), medial joint space narrowing (MJSN, increased by 0.06); indicator grade progress decreases, respectively. The progress of LPOST was the fastest among the four indicators (p < 0.01). CONCLUSIONS: In this population-based longitudinal study, among the incident RPFOA population, the imaging indicators show that marginal patellofemoral osteophyte is more pronounced than patellofemoral joint space narrowing. LPOST is the fastest-progressing indicator among all the radiographic features, which is also the most common imaging manifestation of RPFOA. In the incident RPFOA population, the proportion of elders, women, higher-BMI individuals, and people suffering knee pain is more than the normal population.

20.
Life Sci ; 234: 116735, 2019 Oct 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31394124

RESUMO

AIMS: The present study was to investigate the protective effects of Zn supplementation in OTA-induced apoptosis of Madin-Darby canine kidney (MDCK) epithelial cells and explore the potential mechanisms. Aiming to provides a new insight into the treatment strategy of OTA-induced nephrotoxicity by nutritional regulation. MAIN METHODS: Initially, through MTT and LDH assay revealed that Zn supplementation significantly suppressed OTA-induced cytotoxicity in MDCK cells. Then, the production of reactive oxygen species (ROS) was detected by using a DCFH-DA assay. Annexin V-FITC/PI, Hoechst 33258 staining and Flow cytometry were used to detect the apoptosis. The expressions of apoptosis-related molecules were determined by RT-PCR, Western blotting. Interestingly, OTA treatment slightly increased the levels of Metallothionein-1 (MT-1) and Metallothionein-2 (MT-2) by using RT-PCR, Western blotting assay; while Zn supplementation further improved the increase of MT-1 and MT-2 induced by OTA. However, the inhibitive effects of Zn supplementation were significantly blocked after double knockdown of MT-1 and MT-2 by using Small Interfering RNA (siRNA) Transfection method. KEY FINDINGS: Our study provides supportive data for the potential roles of Zn in reducing OTA-induced oxidative stress and apoptosis in MDCK cells. SIGNIFICANCE: Zn is one of the key structural components of many proteins, which plays an important role in several physiological processes such as cell survival and apoptosis. This metal is expected to contribute to the conservative and adjuvant treatment of kidney disease and should therefore be investigated further.


Assuntos
Apoptose/efeitos dos fármacos , Células Epiteliais/efeitos dos fármacos , Metalotioneína/genética , Ocratoxinas/toxicidade , Substâncias Protetoras/farmacologia , Zinco/farmacologia , Animais , Citoproteção/efeitos dos fármacos , Cães , Células Epiteliais/citologia , Células Epiteliais/metabolismo , Células Madin Darby de Rim Canino , Estresse Oxidativo/efeitos dos fármacos , Regulação para Cima/efeitos dos fármacos
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