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1.
Nano Lett ; 2021 Apr 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33830766

RESUMO

The genetic heterogeneities in cancer cells pose challenges to achieving precise drug treatment in a widely applicable manner. Most single-cell gene analysis methods rely on cell lysis for gene extraction and identification, showing limited capacity to provide the correlation of genetic properties and real-time cellular behaviors. Here, we report a single living cell analysis nanoplatform that enables interrogating gene properties and drug resistance in millions of single cells. We designed a Domino-probe to identify intracellular target RNAs while releasing 10-fold amplified fluorescence signals. An on-chip addressable microwell-nanopore array was developed for enhanced electro-delivery of the Domino-probe and in situ observation of cell behaviors. The proof-of-concept of the system was validated in primary lung cancer cell samples, revealing the positive-correlation of the ratio of EGFR mutant cells with their drug susceptibilities. This platform provides a high-throughput yet precise tool for exploring the relationship between intracellular genes and cell behaviors at the single-cell level.

2.
J Neurol ; 2021 Apr 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33792783

RESUMO

The present study aims to summarize the safety profile of the medications used to treat migraine during pregnancy by performing a systematic review and meta-analyses. The term "migrain*" combined with pregnancy terms were used to search Embase, PubMed, PsychInfo, Scopus, and Web of Science through 31 December 2020. Pooled prevalences of untreated and treated migraine patients were estimated using MetaXL software. Pooled odds ratios (OR) using random effects models were estimated in RevMan 5. All the identified studies assessed medications used to treat acute migraine. The pooled prevalence of adverse pregnancy outcomes in patients prescribed any migraine medication ranged from 0.4% (95% CI 0.2-0.7%) for stillbirth to 12.0% (95%CI 7.8-16.9%) for spontaneous abortions. Among untreated patients with migraine, the pooled prevalence of the assessed pregnancy outcomes ranged from 0.6% (95% CI: 0-1.7%) for stillbirth to 10.4% (95% CI: 8.9-12%) for gestational age < 37 weeks. Given the limited data, it was only possible to perform OR meta-analyses for triptans. The adjusted ORs for triptan users compared the general population were: for major malformations 1.07 (95%CI: 0.83-1.39, p = 0.60); birth weight < 2500g 1.18 (95%CI: 0.94-1.48, p = 0.16); gestational age < 37 weeks 1.49 (95% CI: 0.37-6.08, p = 0.58). In conclusion, triptans do not appear to increase the risk of pregnancy outcomes when compared to the general population. It was not possible to assess other migraine medications. Further studies are needed to investigate the safety of individual medications of acute and prophylactic migraine treatment among pregnant women.

3.
FEMS Microbiol Ecol ; 97(5)2021 04 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33792671

RESUMO

Ocean acidification (OA) in estuaries is becoming a global concern, and may affect microbial characteristics in estuarine sediments. Bacterial communities in response to acidification in this habitat have been well discussed; however, knowledge about how fungal communities respond to OA remains poorly understood. Here, we explored the effects of acidification on bacterial and fungal activities, structures and functions in estuarine sediments during a 50-day incubation experiment. Under acidified conditions, activities of three extracellular enzymes related to nutrient cycling were inhibited and basal respiration rates were decreased. Acidification significantly altered bacterial communities and their interactions, while weak alkalization had a minor impact on fungal communities. We distinguished pH-sensitive/tolerant bacteria and fungi in estuarine sediments, and found that only pH-sensitive/tolerant bacteria had strong correlations with sediment basal respiration activity. FUNGuild analysis indicated that animal pathogen abundances in sediment were greatly increased by acidification, while plant pathogens were unaffected. High-throughput quantitative PCR-based SmartChip analysis suggested that the nutrient cycling-related multifunctionality of sediments was reduced under acidified conditions. Most functional genes associated with nutrient cycling were identified in bacterial communities and their relative abundances were decreased by acidification. These new findings highlight that acidification in estuarine regions affects bacterial and fungal communities differently, increases potential pathogens and disrupts bacteria-mediated nutrient cycling.

4.
J Agric Food Chem ; 2021 Apr 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33872004

RESUMO

Plant diseases caused by phytopathogenic fungi reduce the yield and quality of crops. To develop novel antifungal agents, we designed and synthesized eight series of quinazolinone derivatives and evaluated their anti-phytopathogenic fungal activity. The bioassay results revealed that compounds KZL-15, KZL-22, 5b, 6b, 6c, 8e, and 8f exhibited remarkable antifungal activity in vitro. Especially, compound 6c displayed the highest bioactivity against Sclerotinia sclerotiorum, Pellicularia sasakii, Fusarium graminearum, and Fusarium oxysporum, displaying appreciable IC50 values (50% inhibitory concentration) of 2.46, 2.94, 6.03, and 11.9 µg/mL, respectively. A further mechanism interrogation revealed abnormal mycelia, damaged organelles, and changed permeability of cell membranes in S. sclerotiorum treated with compound 6c. In addition, the in vivo bioassay indicated that compound 6c possessed comparable curative and protective effects (87.3 and 90.7%, respectively) to the positive control azoxystrobin (89.5 and 91.2%, respectively) at 100 µg/mL concentration against S. sclerotiorum. This work validated the potential of compound 6c as a new and promising fungicide candidate, contributing to the exploration of potent antifungal agents.

5.
Nat Commun ; 12(1): 2311, 2021 Apr 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33875655

RESUMO

Selective vulnerability of different brain regions is seen in many neurodegenerative disorders. The hippocampus and cortex are selectively vulnerable in Alzheimer's disease (AD), however the degree of involvement of the different brain regions differs among patients. We classified corticolimbic patterns of neurofibrillary tangles in postmortem tissue to capture extreme and representative phenotypes. We combined bulk RNA sequencing with digital pathology to examine hippocampal vulnerability in AD. We identified hippocampal gene expression changes associated with hippocampal vulnerability and used machine learning to identify genes that were associated with AD neuropathology, including SERPINA5, RYBP, SLC38A2, FEM1B, and PYDC1. Further histologic and biochemical analyses suggested SERPINA5 expression is associated with tau expression in the brain. Our study highlights the importance of embracing heterogeneity of the human brain in disease to identify disease-relevant gene expression.

6.
Environ Int ; 153: 106539, 2021 Apr 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33813232

RESUMO

Urban green space has been implicated in shaping airborne microbes, but there is an only rudimentary understanding of the key factors of urban green space affecting the composition and structures of airborne microbes. Here, we selected 40 urban sites based on stratified random sampling design and investigated the effects of multiple factors including landscapes, plant, soil, and anthropogenic factors on airborne microbial communities, especially bacterial and fungal pathogens. Bacterial and fungal communities in the control area with lower greenness were significantly (P < 0.05) different from those in other areas with a gradient of green space. The relative abundance of bacterial and fungal pathogens significantly (P < 0.05) decreased with increasing greenness. Other than soil thickness, soil type, slope position, and population density, plant species considerably contributed to the shift in the composition and abundance of potential bacterial and fungal pathogens. A significantly (P < 0.05) reduced abundance of bacterial and fungal pathogens was observed in areas with >30% masson pine. Together, these results provide insights into the importance of green space for providing health benefits for city dwellers by reducing pathogens in air, as well as providing support for the inclusion of plant species in the management of urban green space to reduce exposure risk of airborne pathogens.

7.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33870689

RESUMO

The rear interface of kesterite absorbers with Mo back contact represents one of the possible sources of nonradiative voltage losses (ΔVoc,nrad) because of the reported decomposition reactions, an uncontrolled growth of MoSe2, or a nonoptimal electrical contact with high recombination. Several intermediate layers (IL), such as MoO3, TiN, and ZnO, have been tested to mitigate these issues, and efficiency improvements have been reported. However, the introduction of IL also triggers other effects such as changes in alkali diffusion, altered morphology, and modifications in the absorber composition, all factors that can also influence ΔVoc,nrad. In this study, the different effects are decoupled by designing a special sample that directly compares four rear structures (SLG, SLG/Mo, SLG/Al2O3, and SLG/Mo/Al2O3) with a Na-doped kesterite absorber optimized for a device efficiency >10%. The IL of choice is Al2O3 because of its reported beneficial effect to reduce the surface recombination velocity at the rear interface of solar cell absorbers. Identical annealing conditions and alkali distribution in the kesterite absorber are preserved, as measured by time-of-flight secondary ion mass spectrometry and energy-dispersive X-ray spectroscopy. The lowest ΔVoc,nrad of 290 mV is measured for kesterite grown on Mo, whereas the kesterite absorber on Al2O3 exhibits higher nonradiative losses up to 350 mV. The anticipated field-effect passivation from Al2O3 at the rear interface could not be observed for the kesterite absorbers prepared by the two-step process, further confirmed by an additional experiment with air annealing. Our results suggest that Mo with an in situ formed MoSe2 remains a suitable back contact for high-efficiency kesterite devices.

8.
Cell Transplant ; 30: 9636897211010633, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33880967

RESUMO

Thyroid associated ophthalmopathy (TAO) is an organ-specific autoimmune disease occurring in patients with thyroid disease. Patients with TAO-related proptosis is largely due to excessive orbital adipose tissue Adipocyte phospholipase A2 (AdPLA) is one of the most important regulatory factors in adipocyte lipolysis, which may be associated with TAO-related proptosis. Thus, silencing AdPLA by RNA interference may be beneficial for the treatment of TAO. In this study, we sought to evaluate the efficiency of two types of microneedles to deliver siRNAs for silencing AdPLA. Our results showed that AdPLA mRNA was up-regulated in the orbit adipose tissues from TAO patients. Silence of AdPLA by siRNA can reduce lipid accumulation in both human and mouse adipocyte cell lines. Moreover, silence effects of silicon microneedle array patch-based and injectable microneedle device-based siRNA administration were examined at the belly site of the mice, and injectable microneedle device showed higher knockdown efficiency than silicon microneedle array patch. This study sets the stage not only for future treatment of TAO-related proptosis using AdPLA siRNA, but also provides the foundation for targeted siRNA delivery by using microneedles.

9.
Environ Int ; 152: 106453, 2021 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33798824

RESUMO

Conjunctive transfer of antibiotic resistance genes (ARGs) among bacteria driven by plasmids facilitated the evolution and spread of antibiotic resistance. Heavy metal exposure accelerated the plasmid-mediated conjunctive transfer of ARGs. Nanomaterials are well-known adsorbents for heavy metals removal, with the capability of combatting resistant bacteria/facilitating conjunctive transfer of ARGs. However, co-effect of heavy metals and nanomaterials on plasmid-mediated conjunctive transfer of ARGs was still unknown. In this study, we investigated the effect of the simultaneous exposure of Cd2+ and nano Fe2O3 on conjugative transfer of plasmid RP4 from Pseudomonas putida KT2442 to water microbial community. The permeability of bacterial cell membranes, antioxidant enzyme activities and conjugation gene expression were also investigated. The results suggested that the combination of Cd2+ and high concentration nano Fe2O3 (10 mg/L and 100 mg/L) significantly increased conjugative transfer frequencies of RP4 plasmid (p < 0.05). The most transconjugants were detected in the treatment of co-exposure to Cd2+ and nano Fe2O3, the majority of which were identified to be human pathogens. The mechanisms of the exacerbated conjugative transfer of ARGs were involved in the enhancement of cell membrane permeability, antioxidant enzyme activities, and mRNA expression levels of the conjugation genes by the co-effect of Cd2+ and nano Fe2O3. This study confirmed that the simultaneous exposure to Cd2+and nano Fe2O3 exerted a synergetic co-effect on plasmid-mediated conjunctive transfer of ARGs, emphasizing that the co-effect of nanomaterials and heavy metals should be prudently evaluated when combating antibiotic resistance.

10.
Insects ; 12(3)2021 Mar 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33809525

RESUMO

Sclomina Stål, 1861 (Heteroptera: Reduviidae: Harpactorinae) is endemic to China and Vietnam, with only two species, Sclomina erinacea Stål, 1861 and Sclomina guangxiensis Ren, 2001, characterized by spinous body and dentate abdominal connexivum. However, due to variable morphological characteristics, Sclomina erinacea, which is widely distributed in South China, is possibly a complex of cryptic species, and Sclomina guangxiensis was suspected to be an extreme group of the S. erinacea cline. In the present study, we conducted species delimitation and phylogenetic analyses based on the mitochondrial cytochrome c oxidase subunit I (COI) gene sequences of 307 Sclomina specimens collected from 30 sampling localities combined with morphological evidence. The result showed that all samples used in this study were identified as five species: Sclomina guangxiensis is a valid species, and Sclomina erinacea actually includes three cryptic species: Sclomina xingrensis P. Zhao and Cai sp. nov., Sclomina pallens P. Zhao and Cai sp. nov., and Sclomina parva P. Zhao and Cai sp. nov. In this paper, the genus Sclomina is systematically revised, and the morphological characteristics of the five species are compared, described, and photographed in detail. We elucidate the evolutionary history of Sclomina based on results of estimated divergence time. The body shape and coloration (green in nymph and brown in adult) of Sclomina match their environment and mimic the Rubus plants on which they live. The symbiotic relationship between Sclomina and spinous Rubus plants is presented and discussed.

11.
Zhongguo Zhen Jiu ; 41(3): 279-82, 2021 Mar 12.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33798310

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To observe the influence of regulating menstruation and promoting pregnancy acupuncture therapy on negative emotions in patients with premature ovarian insufficiency (POI). METHODS: A total of 60 patients with POI were randomly divided into an acupuncture group and a western medication group, 30 cases in each group. The acupuncture group was treated with regulating menstruation and promoting pregnancy acupuncture therapy at Baihui (GV 20), Shenting (GV 24), Guanyuan (CV 4), Sanyinjiao (SP 6), Shenshu (BL 23), Ciliao (BL 32), etc. once a day, 5 times a week for 3 months. The western medication group was treated by oral administration of climen. The drug was given 1 tablet a day for 21 days and was stopped for 1 week as a course. The treatment was required 3 consecutive courses. The self-rating anxiety scale (SAS) score, modified Kupperman index (KI) score, agitated and depressive symptom scores in KI and serum level of follicle stimulating hormone (FSH) before and after treatment were compared between the two groups. RESULTS: After treatment, the SAS scores, KI scores and serum levels of FSH in the two groups and the scores of agitated and depressive symptom in the acupuncture group were lower than those before treatment (P<0.05), and the acupuncture group was lower than the western medication group (P<0.05). CONCLUSION: Regulating menstruation and promoting pregnancy acupuncture therapy can effectively improve the negative emotions of patients with POI and reduce serum level of FSH .


Assuntos
Terapia por Acupuntura , Insuficiência Ovariana Primária , Pontos de Acupuntura , Feminino , Hormônio Foliculoestimulante , Humanos , Menstruação , Gravidez , Insuficiência Ovariana Primária/terapia
12.
J Biol Chem ; : 100634, 2021 Apr 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33823155

RESUMO

Germline mutations in CDKN2A, encoding the tumor suppressor p16, are responsible for a large proportion of familial melanoma cases, and also increase risk of pancreatic cancer. We identified four families through pancreatic cancer probands that were affected by both cancers. These families bore a germline missense variant of CDKN2A (47T>G), encoding a p16-L16R mutant protein associated with high cancer occurrence. Here, we investigated the biological significance of this variant. When transfected into p16-null pancreatic cancer cells, p16-L16R was expressed at lower levels than wild type (WT) p16. In addition, p16-L16R was unable to bind CDK4 or CDK6 compared to WT p16, as shown by coimmunoprecipitation assays ,and also was impaired in its ability to inhibit the cell cycle, as demonstrated by flow cytometry analyses. In silico molecular modeling predicted that the L16R mutation prevents normal protein folding, consistent with the observed reduction in expression/stability and diminished function of this mutant protein. We isolated normal dermal fibroblasts from members of the families expressing WT or L16R proteins to investigate the impact of endogenous p16-L16R mutant protein on cell growth. In culture, p16-L16R fibroblasts grew at a faster rate, and most survived until later passages than p16-WT fibroblasts. Further, Western blotting demonstrated that p16 protein was detected at lower levels in p16-L16R than in p16-WT fibroblasts. Together, these results suggest that the presence of a are CDKN2A (47T>G) mutant allele contributes to an increased risk of pancreatic cancer as a result of reduced p16 protein levels and diminished p16 tumor suppressor function.

13.
Oral Dis ; 2021 Mar 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33694237

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: This study sought to investigate the effect of miR-5191 on proliferation, invasion and metastasis in salivary adenoid cystic carcinoma (SACC). MATERIALS AND METHODS: The differential expression level of miR-5191 between 5 primary tumor and adjacent non-neoplastic samples, and in two SACC cell lines was detected by quantitative real-time PCR. Cell proliferation, invasion and migration were performed, followed by luciferase reporter assay and western analysis. The effect of miR-5191 on cell proliferation and apoptosis was evaluated by cell growth and apoptosis assay. The function of miR-5191 in SACC tumorigenesis and metastasis in vivo was investigated by nude mice experiment. The associations between miR-5191/Notch-2 expression and clinicopathological features were analyzed. RESULTS: miR-5191 was down-regulated in primary tumor tissues and SACC-LM cells. By targeting Notch-2, miR-5191 expression level affected the migration, invasion and proliferation of SACC cells. Over-expression of miR-5191 inhibited the expression levels of Notch-2, followed by the decreased expression of c-Myc, Bcl-2, Hes-1, Hey-1 and Cyclin D1. In vivo, miR-5191 over-expression suppressed the SACC tumorigenesis and pulmonary metastasis in mice. In SACC patients, higher expression of miR-5191 was related to better prognoses and lower possibility of metastasis. CONCLUSIONS: miR-5191 acts as a tumor suppressor in SACC by targeting Notch-2.

14.
Neoplasma ; 2021 Mar 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33780263

RESUMO

The aim of this study was to investigate the roles and potential mechanisms of long non-coding RNA (lncRNA) taurine upregulated gene 1 (TUG1) in the proliferation, migration, and invasion of Ewing's sarcoma cells. RT-qPCR was used to detect the expression of TUG1, microRNA-199a-3p (miR-199a-3p), and musashi2 (MSI2) in Ewing's sarcoma tissues and cell lines. Kaplan-Meier overall survival curves showed the survival rates of Ewing's sarcoma patients with high and low expression of TUG1. The association between the expressions of TUG1/MSI2 and miR-199a-3p in Ewing's sarcoma tissues was assessed by Pearson's correlation analysis. Cell proliferation, migration, and invasion were detected by CCK8 assay and Transwell assay, respectively. The protein level of MSI2 was determined using western blotting. The interaction between TUG1/MSI2 and miR-199a-3p was validated by the dual-luciferase reporter assay. The levels of TUG1 and MSI2 were increased, while the level of miR-199a-3p was decreased in Ewing's sarcoma tissues and cells. High expression of TUG1 or MSI2 indicated a decreased overall survival rate of Ewing's sarcoma patients. TUG1/MSI2 level was negatively correlated with miR-199a-3p level. While TUG1 level was positively correlated with MSI2 level. In Ewing sarcoma cells, knockdown of TUG1/MSI2 or overexpression of miR-199a-3p inhibited cell proliferation, migration, and invasion, whereas the overexpression of TUG1/MSI2 presented the opposite results. TUG1 functioned as a competing endogenous RNA to regulate MSI2 expression by sponging miR-199a-3p. Finally, miR-199a-3p inhibitor or MSI2 overexpression counteracted the TUG1 knockdown-mediated inhibitory effect on Ewing's sarcoma cell proliferation, migration, and invasion. TUG1 promotes proliferation, migration, and invasion of Ewing's sarcoma cells via sequestering miR-199a-3p to enhance the MSI2 expression, suggesting that TUG1 might be a potential target for treating Ewing's sarcoma.

15.
J BUON ; 26(1): 295, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33721480

RESUMO

The Editors of JBUON issue an Expression of Concern to 'Myricetin exhibits anti-glioma potential by inducing mitochondrial-mediated apoptosis, cell cycle arrest, inhibition of cell migration and ROS generation', by Hu-Guang Li, Jun-Xia Chen, Jun-Hui Xiong, Jin-Wei Zhu, JBUON 2016;21(1):182-190; PMID:27061547. Following the publication of the above article, readers drew to our attention that part of the data was possibly unreliable. We sent emails to the authors with a request to provide the raw data to prove the originality, but received no reply. Therefore, as we continue to work through the issues raised, we advise readers to interpret the information presented in the article with due caution. We thank the readers for bringing this matter to our attention. We apologize for any inconvenience it may cause.

16.
J Cell Mol Med ; 25(7): 3498-3510, 2021 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33682288

RESUMO

Transforming growth factor beta (TGF-ß) plays an important role in the viral liver disease progression via controlling viral propagation and mediating inflammation-associated responses. However, the antiviral activities and mechanisms of TGF-ß isoforms, including TGF-ß1, TGF-ß2 and TGF-ß3, remain unclear. Here, we demonstrated that all of the three TGF-ß isoforms were increased in Huh7.5 cells infected by hepatitis C virus (HCV), but in turn, the elevated TGF-ß isoforms could inhibit HCV propagation with different potency in infectious HCV cell culture system. TGF-ß isoforms suppressed HCV propagation through interrupting several different stages in the whole HCV life cycle, including virus entry and intracellular replication, in TGF-ß/SMAD signalling pathway-dependent and TGF-ß/SMAD signalling pathway-independent manners. TGF-ß isoforms showed additional anti-HCV activities when combined with each other. However, the elevated TGF-ß1 and TGF-ß2, not TGF-ß3, could also induce liver fibrosis with a high expression of type I collagen alpha-1 and α-smooth muscle actin in LX-2 cells. Our results showed a new insight into TGF-ß isoforms in the HCV-related liver disease progression.

17.
Environ Int ; 152: 106502, 2021 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33721724

RESUMO

The phyllosphere is considered a key site for the transfer of both naturally and anthropogenically selected antimicrobial resistance genes (ARGs) to humans. Consequently, the development of green building systems may pose an, as yet, unexplored pathway for ARGs and pathogens to transfer from the environment to outdoor plants. We collected leaves from plants climbing up buildings at 1, 2, 4 and 15 m above ground level and collected associated dust samples from adjacent windowsills to determine the diversity and relative abundance of microbiota and ARGs. Overall, a total of 143 ARGs from 11 major classes and 18 mobile genetic elements (MGEs) were detected. The relative abundance of ARGs within the phyllosphere decreased with increasing height above ground level. Fast expectation-maximization microbial source tracking (FEAST) suggested that the contribution of soil and aerosols to the phyllosphere microbiome was limited. A culture-dependent method to isolate bacteria from plant tissues identified a total of 91 genera from root, stem, and leaf samples as well as endophytes isolated from leaves. Of those bacteria, 20 isolates representing 9 genera were known human pathogenic members to humans. Shared bacterial from culture-dependent and culture-independent methods suggest microorganisms may move from soil to plant, potentially through an endophytic mechanism and thus, there is a clear potential for movement of ARGs and human pathogens from the outdoor environment.

18.
Environ Pollut ; 278: 116852, 2021 Jun 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33740603

RESUMO

Excess of water irrigation and fertilizer consumption by crops has resulted in high soil nitrogen (N) losses and underground water contamination not only in China but worldwide. This study explored the effects of soil N input, soil N output, as well as the effect of different irrigation and N- fertilizer managements on residual N. For this, two consecutive years of winter wheat (Triticum aestivum L.) -summer maize (Zea mays L.) rotation was conducted with: N applied at 0 kg N ha-1 yr-1, 420 kg N ha-1 yr-1 and 600 kg N ha-1 yr-1 under fertigation (DN0, DN420, DN600), and N applied at 0 kg N ha-1 yr-1 and 600 kg N ha-1 yr-1 under flood irrigation (FN0, FN600). The results demonstrated that low irrigation water consumption resulted in a 57.2% lower of irrigation-N input (p < 0.05) in DN600 when compared to FN600, especially in a rainy year like 2015-2016. For N output, no significant difference was found with all N treatments. Soil gaseous N losses were highly correlated with fertilization (p < 0.001) and were reduced by 23.6%-41.7% when fertilizer N was decreased by 30%. Soil N leaching was highly affected by irrigation and a higher reduction was observed under saving irrigation (reduced by 33.9%-57.3%) than under optimized fertilization (reduced by 23.6%-50.7%). The net N surplus was significantly increased with N application rate but was not affected by irrigation treatments. Under the same N level (600 kg N ha-1 yr-1), fertigation increased the Total Nitrogen (TN) stock by 17.5% (0-100 cm) as compared to flood irrigation. These results highlighted the importance to further reduction of soil N losses under optimized fertilization and irrigation combined with N stabilizers or balanced- N fertilization for future agriculture development.


Assuntos
Solo , Triticum , Agricultura , China , Fertilização , Fertilizantes/análise , Nitrogênio/análise , Zea mays
19.
Orthop Surg ; 2021 Mar 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33728818

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: To investigate the cup survivorship, patient satisfaction level, clinical function, and radiographic outcomes of patients who underwent total hip arthroplasty (THA) using electron beam melting (EBM)-produced porous coated titanium cups at mid-term follow up. METHODS: A total of 32 patients (32 hips) from five hospitals in China who underwent primary THA using EBM-produced trabecular titanium cups between May and December 2012 were retrospectively reviewed. The inclusion criteria were: (i) patients who underwent THA with the use of EBM-produced cups with possible 7-year follow up; and (ii) patients with follow-up information, including the cup survivorship, patient satisfaction level, and clinical outcomes such as Harris hip score. The exclusion criteria were: (i) patients with neuropathic diseases; and (ii) patients who underwent THA due to neoplastic disease. Five (15.6%) patients were lost to follow up before the 7-year follow-up and, thus, were excluded; none of these patients died due to disease associated with the THA or had undergone removal of their cups as of our last evaluation. The mean age and body mass index of the patients were 59.37 (range: 38.00-69.00) years and 24.51 (range: 16.50-34.10) kg/m2 , respectively. Thirteen (48.1%) of the patients were female. RESULTS: The average duration of follow-up was 93.48 (range: 89.00-99.00) months. The median Harris hip score improved from 42.00 (interquartile range: 37.00-49.00) to 97.00 (interquartile range: 92.00-97.00) at the latest follow up (P < 0.001). A total of 18 (66.7%) patients rated their satisfaction level as very satisfied, 6 (22.2%) as satisfied, 2 (7.4%) as neutral and 1 (3.7%) as dissatisfied. No intraoperative or postoperative complications were identified. At the latest follow up, all cups were considered to have achieved osteointegration fixation, with three or more of the five signs evident in the most recent X-ray. However, three cups revealed radiolucent lines with a width of less than 1 mm. The median vertical and horizontal distances between the latest postoperative center of rotation relative to the anatomic center of rotation were 2.50 (interquartile range: -3.10, 6.94) mm superiorly and 3.26 (interquartile range: -8.12, 2.38) mm medially, respectively, at the most recent postoperative follow up. Kaplan-Meier survivorship analysis of cups, with the endpoint defined as postoperative radiolucent lines of less than 1 mm in width in at least two zones, reveals that the 8.25-year survival was 96.3% (95% confidence interval: 76.49%-99.47%). CONCLUSION: The mid-term follow-up of patients who underwent primary THA using EBM-produced porous coated titanium cups demonstrated favorable patient satisfaction, good clinical function, excellent survivorship, and adequate biological fixation.

20.
Clin Rheumatol ; 2021 Mar 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33674987

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: To estimate the prevalence of Kashin-Beck disease (KBD) among children in 2017 in Changdu of Tibet. METHODS: We adopted a four-step recruitment to include children aged 7-12 years from seven identified historically endemic counties in Changdu. Posterior-anterior radiographs of right hand and wrist were taken and were graded at four sites (metaphysis, epiphysis, and bony end of phalanges and metacarpal and carpal bones). Two trained researchers independently read the films. Inter-rater reliability was assessed using weighted Kappa and percentage agreement. We fitted logistic regression model to examine the association of age, sex, and altitude of residential village with prevalence of KBD. We examined association between site involvement and severity of KBD using chi-square test. RESULTS: We recruited 13,573 children (mean age = 9.3 years, 48.40% girls) with a response rate of 95.81%. The overall prevalence of radiographic KBD was 0.26%. Luolong County had the highest prevalence (0.69%), followed by Bianba (0.26%), Basu (0.24%), Mangkang (0.14%), Zuogong (0.14%), Dingqing (0.07%), and Chaya (0.00%). A higher risk of radiographic KBD was associated with older age (P for trend <0.001) and girls (OR=1.86, 95% CI: 0.94, 3.70), but not the altitude of residential village (P for trend=0.957). Metaphysis was involved in all cases of KBD while lesions in epiphysis and bony end of phalanges and metacarpals were only observed in severe cases. CONCLUSIONS: The prevalence of radiographic KBD among children aged 7-12 years was low in Changdu compared with previous census data, suggesting the effectiveness of preventative measures. Key Points • In this study, 13,573 Tibetan children were taken X-ray films of their hands and wrists. • The prevalence of radiographic KBD among children aged 7-12 years was low in Changdu of Tibet. • The preventative measures against KBD launched by Chinese government were effective in decreasing new onsets of KBD among Tibetan children.

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