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1.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 98(52): e18353, 2019 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31876709

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: To determine the effectiveness of text message reminders (TMR) on medication adherence (MA) and to investigate the effects of TMR on clinical outcomes. METHODS: The PubMed, Cochrane library, EMbase, and China Biology Medicine databases were searched for randomized-controlled trials with TMR as the intervention for patients with coronary heart disease. Two reviewers independently extracted data and assessed the risk of bias. Meta-analysis was conducted using Stata 15.0 software. RESULTS: In total, 1678 patients in 6 trials were included. Compared with the control group, the MA was 2.85 times greater among the intervention group (RR [relative risk] 2.85; 95% confidence interval [CI] 1.07-7.58). TMR reduced systolic blood pressure (BP) (weighted mean difference) = -6.51; 95% CI -9.79 to -3.23), cholesterol (standard mean difference = -0.26; 95% CI -0.4 to -0.12) and increased the number of patients with BP <140/90 mm Hg (RR 1.39; 95% CI 1.26-1.54). CONCLUSION: TMR significantly promoted MA and reduced systolic BP, cholesterol level, and body mass index, but had no effect on mortality, diastolic BP, or lipoproteins. However, substantial heterogeneity existed in our analyses.


Assuntos
Doença das Coronárias/tratamento farmacológico , Adesão à Medicação , Sistemas de Alerta , Mensagem de Texto , Humanos
2.
Int J Infect Dis ; 87: 154-165, 2019 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31442627

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: It remains uncertain which catheter lock solution (CLS) to prevent catheter-related bloodstream infections (CRBSI) works best and is safest for patients. This study was performed to compare the efficacy of different CLSs for the prevention of CRBSI and ranked these CLSs for practical consideration. METHODS: The PubMed, Web of Science, Embase, and MEDLINE databases, earlier relevant meta-analyses, and the reference lists of included studies were searched. The primary outcome was CRBSI; secondary outcomes were catheter-related thrombosis and exit-site infections. A network meta-analysis was performed to estimate odds ratios (ORs) with 95% confidence intervals (CIs). RESULTS: A total of 52 randomized controlled trials involving 9099 patients and evaluating 13 CLSs (single and combinations) were included. With regard to the quality of the evidence, the risk of bias was typically low or unclear (45 out of 52 trials, 86.5%). In the network meta-analysis, saline (OR 8.44, 95% CI 2.19-32.46), gentamicin+citrate (OR 2.92, 95% CI 1.32-6.42), ethanol (OR 5.33, 95% CI 1.22-23.32), and cloxacillin+heparin (OR 2.07, 95% CI 1.19-5.49) were associated with a greater effect on CRBSI than heparin. CONCLUSIONS: This network meta-analysis showed that minocycline-ethylenediaminetetraacetic acid (EDTA) seemed to be the most effective for the prevention of CRBSI and exit-site infection, and cefotaxime+heparin seemed to be the most effective for catheter-related thrombosis.


Assuntos
Antibacterianos/administração & dosagem , Bacteriemia/prevenção & controle , Infecções Relacionadas a Cateter/prevenção & controle , Humanos , Meta-Análise em Rede , Ensaios Clínicos Controlados Aleatórios como Assunto
3.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 98(14): e14940, 2019 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30946317

RESUMO

PURPOSE: The purpose of our study is to carry out a Bayesian network meta-analysis comparing the efficacy of different antimicrobial dressings for prevention of catheter-related blood infections (CRBSI) and rank these antimicrobial dressings for practical consideration. METHODS: We searched the PubMed, Cochrane library, Embase, earlier relevant meta-analysis and reference lists of included studies for randomized controlled trials (RCTs) that compared dressings for prevention of CRBSI. Two authors independently extracted data from each included RCT according to a predesigned Excel spreadsheet and assessed the methodological quality of included RCTs using the Cochrane risk of bias tool. Data was analyzed using the WinBUGS (V.1.4.3) and the Stata (V.15.0). RESULTS: Finally, 35 RCTs involving 8494 patients and evaluating 13 dressings were included. Network meta-analysis showed that transparent dressing may be the best way to prevent CRBSI. Suture and bordered polyurethane dressing might have the lowest risk of CRBSI rate per 1000 catheter-days, and sutureless securement device might lead to the lowest incidence of catheter failure. CONCLUSIONS: This network meta-analysis indicated that transparent dressings may be selected for the prevention of CRBSI in patients with central venous catheters, which is of importance in future research. Although evidence is scant, more attention should be paid to head-to-head comparisons of the most commonly used dressings in this field.


Assuntos
Antibacterianos/uso terapêutico , Bacteriemia/prevenção & controle , Infecções Relacionadas a Cateter/prevenção & controle , Cateteres Venosos Centrais/microbiologia , Adulto , Idoso , Bacteriemia/epidemiologia , Bandagens/normas , Infecções Relacionadas a Cateter/tratamento farmacológico , Cateterismo Venoso Central/efeitos adversos , Cateterismo Venoso Central/métodos , Cateteres Venosos Centrais/efeitos adversos , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Poliuretanos , Ensaios Clínicos Controlados Aleatórios como Assunto
4.
J Pharm Pharmacol ; 69(2): 213-221, 2017 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28028809

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: To study the antitumour activity of a novel derivative of oridonin named geridonin in vitro and in vivo. METHODS: MTT and colony formation assay were used to test the cytotoxicity of geridonin; apoptosis, cell cycle arrest and the levels of reactive oxygen species were measured by flow cytometry; JC-1 staining assay was used to examine the mitochondrial membrane potential; the MGC 803 xenograft model was established to evaluate the antitumour effect of geridonin in vivo; H&E staining was performed for the histological analysis. KEY FINDINGS: In vitro, geridonin remarkably inhibited proliferation of gastrointestinal cancer cells including oesophageal, gastric, liver and colon cancers. On oesophageal, gastric cancer cells, geridonin displayed strong cytotoxicity than that of oridonin. In gastric cancer MGC 803 cells, geridonin triggered apoptosis through the mitochondrial pathway depending on caspase. In addition, geridonin sharply reduced the formation of cell colony, increased the intracellular levels of ROS and induced cell cycle arrest at G2/M phase. In vivo, geridonin delayed the growth of MGC 803 xenograft in athymic mice without obvious loss of bodyweight. CONCLUSIONS: The novel derivative of oridonin, geridonin, inhibited the growth of human gastric cancer cells MGC 803 both in vitro and in vivo mainly via triggering apoptosis depending on elevating intracellular level of ROS.


Assuntos
Proliferação de Células/efeitos dos fármacos , Diterpenos de Caurano/farmacologia , Espécies Reativas de Oxigênio/metabolismo , Animais , Apoptose/efeitos dos fármacos , Pontos de Checagem do Ciclo Celular/efeitos dos fármacos , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Sobrevivência Celular/efeitos dos fármacos , Humanos , Potencial da Membrana Mitocondrial/efeitos dos fármacos , Camundongos , Ensaio Tumoral de Célula-Tronco , Ensaios Antitumorais Modelo de Xenoenxerto
5.
J Control Release ; 233: 57-63, 2016 07 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27164542

RESUMO

Synthetic liposomes provide a biocompatible and biodegradable approach for delivering drugs and antigens. In addition, self-adjuvanting recombinant lipoproteins (rlipoproteins) can enhance Th1 anti-tumor immune responses via the TLR2 signaling pathway. To generate a liposomal rlipoprotein for a cancer immunotherapeutic vaccine, we assessed 3 types of synthetic liposomes for use with the rlipoproteins rlipoE7m and rlipoOVA. We determined that the cationic liposome DOTAP could stabilize anionic rlipoproteins and delay rlipoprotein release. Surprisingly, rlipoproteins and DOTAP could synergistically up-regulate CD83 expression in bone marrow-derived dendritic cells (BMDCs). Compared with other liposome formulations, the rlipoprotein/DOTAP formulation elicited higher cytotoxic T-lymphocyte (CTL) responses. To explore the mechanism of BMDC activation by rlipoprotein/DOTAP, we assessed the production of reactive oxygen species (ROS) and the TNF-α secretion of BMDCs. We observed that rlipoprotein/DOTAP induced ROS to the same extent as DOTAP did. In addition, TLR2 signaling was also required for the TNF-α secretion of rlipoprotein/DOTAP-treated BMDCs. Moreover, compared with rlipoOVA-treated BMDCs, rlipoOVA/DOTAP-treated BMDCs increased the levels of IFN-γ produced by OVA-specific T cells. We also observed that rlipoE7m/DOTAP treatment but not rlipoE7m treatment delayed tumor growth. These results indicate that the rlipoprotein/DOTAP formulation can synergistically activate BMDCs via ROS and the TLR2 signaling pathway. In summary, rlipoprotein/DOTAP is a novel and stable formulation for cancer immunotherapy.


Assuntos
Vacinas Anticâncer/administração & dosagem , Lipoproteínas/administração & dosagem , Neoplasias/terapia , Ovalbumina/imunologia , Proteínas E7 de Papillomavirus/imunologia , Alérgenos/imunologia , Animais , Vacinas Anticâncer/uso terapêutico , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Sobrevivência Celular/efeitos dos fármacos , Células Dendríticas/imunologia , Ácidos Graxos Monoinsaturados/química , Lipoproteínas/imunologia , Lipoproteínas/uso terapêutico , Lipossomos , Camundongos Endogâmicos C57BL , Neoplasias/imunologia , Neoplasias/patologia , Compostos de Amônio Quaternário/química , Espécies Reativas de Oxigênio/metabolismo , Proteínas Recombinantes/administração & dosagem , Proteínas Recombinantes/imunologia , Proteínas Recombinantes/uso terapêutico , Carga Tumoral/efeitos dos fármacos
6.
J Immunol ; 192(9): 4233-41, 2014 May 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-24683188

RESUMO

Cross-presentation is a key function of dendritic cells (DCs), which present exogenous Ags on MHC class I molecules to prime CTL responses. The effects of TLR triggering on the cross-presentation of exogenous Ags by DCs remain unclear. In this study, we used synthetic dipalmitoylated peptides and TLR2 agonist-conjugated peptides as models to elucidate the mechanisms of TLR2-mediated cross-presentation. We observed that the internalization of dipalmitoylated peptides by bone marrow-derived DCs was facilitated by TLR2 via clathrin-mediated endocytosis. The administration of these dipalmitoylated peptide-pulsed bone marrow-derived DCs eliminated established tumors through TLR2 signaling. We further demonstrated that the induction of Ag-specific CTL responses and tumor regression by dipalmitoylated peptides was TAP independent. In addition, presentation of dipalmitoylated peptides by MHC class I molecules was blocked in the presence of an endosomal acidification inhibitor (chloroquine) or a lysosomal degradation inhibitor (Z-FL-COCHO). The endocytosed dipalmitoylated peptide also passed rapidly from early endosome Ag-1-positive endosomes to RAS-related GTP-binding protein 7 (Rab7)-associated late endosomes compared with their nonlipidated counterparts. Furthermore, we found that dipalmitoylated peptide-upregulated Rab7 expression correlated with Ag presentation via the TLR2/MyD88 pathway. Both JNK and ERK signaling pathways are required for upregulation of Rab7. In summary, our data suggest that TLR2-mediated cross-presentation occurs through the upregulation of Rab7 and a TAP-independent pathway that prime CTL responses.


Assuntos
Apresentação Cruzada/imunologia , Citotoxicidade Imunológica/imunologia , Células Dendríticas/imunologia , Transdução de Sinais/imunologia , Receptor 2 Toll-Like/imunologia , Animais , Western Blotting , Camundongos , Camundongos Endogâmicos C57BL , Microscopia Confocal , Neoplasias Experimentais/imunologia , Linfócitos T Citotóxicos/imunologia , Proteínas rab de Ligação ao GTP/imunologia
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