Your browser doesn't support javascript.
loading
Mostrar: 20 | 50 | 100
Resultados 1 - 20 de 91
Filtrar
Mais filtros










Intervalo de ano de publicação
1.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34628834

RESUMO

Objective:To explore and analyze the effect and indication of hormone replacement therapy(HRT) in perimenopausal women with chronic tinnitus. Methods:The perimenopausal women with chronic tinnitus were divided into mild group and moderate to severe group according to Kupperman score of menopause, and then were divided into treatment group and untreated group according to whether they received MHT treatment or not. The serum 5-HT level, tinnitus handicap inventory (THI) and Pittsburgh sleep quality index (PSQI) were compared before and after treatment. Results:In moderate to severe perimenopausal tinnitus, the serum 5-HT level, THI and PSQI in the treatment group were statistically different before and after treatment(P<0.05), and no significant difference was found in the untreated group. In mild perimenopausal tinnitus, there was no significant difference in 5-HT levels, THI and PSQI between the treated group and the untreated group before and after treatment. The 5-HT levels were correlated with THI. The lower the 5-HT level was, the more severe tinnitus was. Conclusion:HRT is helpful in the treatment of perimenopausal chronic tinnitus, especially in moderate to severe perimenopausal patients, and is recommended for clinical use.


Assuntos
Medicamentos de Ervas Chinesas , Zumbido , Medicamentos de Ervas Chinesas/uso terapêutico , Feminino , Terapia de Reposição Hormonal , Humanos , Perimenopausa , Zumbido/tratamento farmacológico
2.
Toxicol Res (Camb) ; 10(4): 911-927, 2021 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34484683

RESUMO

Cholestasis is a severe clinical complication that severely damages the liver. Kidneys are also the most affected extrahepatic organs in cholestasis. The pivotal role of oxidative stress has been mentioned in the pathogenesis of cholestasis-induced organ injury. The activation of the nuclear factor-E2-related factor 2 (Nrf2) pathway is involved in response to oxidative stress. The current study was designed to evaluate the potential role of Nrf2 signaling activation in preventing bile acids-induced toxicity in the liver and kidney. Dimethyl fumarate was used as a robust activator of Nrf2 signaling. Rats underwent bile duct ligation surgery and were treated with dimethyl fumarate (10 and 40 mg/kg). Severe oxidative stress was evident in the liver and kidney of cholestatic animals (P < 0.05). On the other hand, the expression and activity of Nrf2 and downstream genes were time-dependently decreased (P < 0.05). Moreover, significant mitochondrial depolarization, decreased ATP levels, and mitochondrial permeabilization were detected in bile duct-ligated rats (P < 0.05). Histopathological alterations included liver necrosis, fibrosis, inflammation and kidney interstitial inflammation, and cast formation. It was found that dimethyl fumarate significantly decreased hepatic and renal injury in cholestatic animals (P < 0.05). Based on these data, the activation of the cellular antioxidant response could serve as an efficient therapeutic option for managing cholestasis-induced organ injury.

3.
Lancet Reg Health West Pac ; 12: 100182, 2021 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34527973

RESUMO

Background: Universal screening of congenital cytomegalovirus (cCMV) infection is important for monitoring and intervention during critical stages of speech and language development. This study aimed to explore the optimal detection strategy for cCMV infection screening. Methods: Serum samples from pregnant women and saliva and urine samples from their newborns were collected for the anti-CMV IgG and CMV DNA PCR tests, respectively. The sensitivity, specificity, and predictive values as well as the likelihood ratios of 12 potential screening strategies for cCMV infection, based on tests for saliva, urine, and their combination, were evaluated. Findings: A total of 6729 pregnant women were enrolled, and the seroprevalence was 98.1%. Among 6350 newborns that were followed up, 49 were defined as having cCMV infection. In the screening test, the CMV DNA positivity rate remained similar from day 0 to day 5, increased slowly from day 6 to day 13, and became high in newborns beyond 13 days of birth. In the confirmatory testing, the positive rates increased significantly beyond day 21. For the 49 newborns with cCMV infection, the proportion of agreement between saliva and urine testing was poor. Upon evaluating alternative screening strategies, using saliva and urine screening with saliva and urine confirmation as the reference strategy, saliva screening with saliva and urine confirmation showed good diagnostic accuracy and feasibility, with sensitivity, specificity, positive predictive and negative predictive values of 85.7%, 100.0%, 100.0% and 99.9%, respectively. Interpretation: In populations with high seroprevalence, saliva screening with saliva and urine confirmation might be an alternative strategy for screening cCMV infections. The suggested timeframes for screening and confirmation are within 13 (ideally 5) and 21 (ideally 13) days of birth, respectively. Funding: National Natural Science Foundation of China, National Science and Technology Major Project of China and Merck & Co., Inc., Kenilworth, New Jersey, U.S.A.

4.
Environ Pollut ; 287: 117610, 2021 Oct 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34174667

RESUMO

We investigated the roles of rootstocks in Cu accumulation and tolerance in Malus plants by grafting 'Hanfu' (HF) scions onto M. baccata (Mb) and M. prunifolia (Mp) rootstocks, which have different Cu tolerances. The grafts were exposed to basal or excess Cu for 20 d. Excess Cu-treated HF/Mb had less biomass, and pronounced root architecture deformation and leaf ultrastructure damage than excess Cu-challenged HF/Mp. Root Cu concentrations and bio-concentration factor (BCF) were higher in HF/Mp than HF/Mb, whereas HF/Mb had higher stem and leaf Cu concentrations than HF/Mp. Excess Cu lowered root and aerial tissue BCF and translocation factor (Tf) in all plants; however, Tf was markedly higher in HF/Mb than in HF/Mp. The subcellular distribution of Cu in the roots and leaves indicated that excess Cu treatments increased Cu fixation in the root cell walls, which decreased Cu mobility. Compared to HF/Mb, HF/Mp sequestered more Cu in its root cell walls and less Cu in leaf plastids, nuclei, and mitochondria. Moreover, HF/Mp roots and leaves had higher concentrations of water-insoluble Cu compounds than HF/Mb, which reduced Cu mobility and toxicity. Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy analysis showed that the carboxyl, hydroxyl and acylamino groups of the cellulose, hemicellulose, pectin and proteins were the main Cu binding sites in the root cell walls. Excess Cu-induced superoxide anion and malondialdehyde were 28.6% and 5.1% lower, but soluble phenolics, ascorbate and glutathione were 10.5%, 41.9% and 17.7% higher in HF/Mp than HF/Mb leaves. Compared with HF/Mb, certain genes involved in Cu transport were downregulated, while other genes involved in detoxification were upregulated in HF/Mp roots and leaves. Our results show that Mp inhibited Cu translocation and mitigated Cu toxicity in Malus scions by regulating Cu mobility, antioxidant defense mechanisms, and transcription of key genes involved in Cu translocation and detoxification.


Assuntos
Cobre , Malus , Expressão Gênica , Folhas de Planta , Raízes de Plantas , Árvores
5.
Toxicol Lett ; 349: 12-29, 2021 Oct 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34089816

RESUMO

The cholestatic liver injury could occur in response to a variety of diseases or xenobiotics. Although cholestasis primarily affects liver function, it has been well-known that other organs such as the kidney could be influenced in cholestatic patients. Severe cholestasis could lead to tissue fibrosis and organ failure. Unfortunately, there is no specific therapeutic option against cholestasis-induced organ injury. Hence, finding the mechanism of organ injury during cholestasis could lead to therapeutic options against this complication. The accumulation of potentially cytotoxic compounds such as hydrophobic bile acids is the most suspected mechanism involved in the pathogenesis of cholestasis-induced organ injury. A plethora of evidence indicates a role for the inflammatory response in the pathogenesis of several human diseases. Here, the role of nuclear factor-kB (NFkB)-mediated inflammatory response is investigated in an animal model of cholestasis. Bile duct ligated (BDL) animals were treated with sulfasalazine (SSLZ, 10 and 100 mg/kg, i.p) as a potent inhibitor of NFkB signaling. The NFkB proteins family activity in the liver and kidney, serum and tissue levels of pro-inflammatory cytokines, tissue biomarkers of oxidative stress, serum markers of organ injury, and the liver and kidney histopathological alterations and fibrotic changes. The oxidative stress-mediated inflammatory-related indices were monitored in the kidney and liver at scheduled time intervals (3, 7, and 14 days after BDL operation). Significant increase in serum and urine markers of organ injury, besides changes in biomarkers of oxidative stress and tissue histopathology, were evident in the liver and kidney of BDL animals. The activity of NFkB proteins (p65, p50, p52, c-Rel, and RelB) was significantly increased in the liver and kidney of cholestatic animals. Serum and tissue levels of pro-inflammatory cytokines (IL-1ß, IL-2, IL-6, IL-7, IL-12, IL-17, IL-18, IL-23, TNF-α, and INF-γ) were also higher than sham-operated animals. Moreover, TGF- ß, α-SMA, and tissue fibrosis (Trichrome stain) were evident in cholestatic animals' liver and kidneys. It was found that SSLZ (10 and 100 mg/kg/day, i.p) alleviated cholestasis-induced hepatic and renal injury. The effect of SSLZ on NFkB signaling and suppression of pro-inflammatory cytokines could play a significant role in its protective role in cholestasis. Based on these data, NFkB signaling could receive special attention to develop therapeutic options to blunt cholestasis-induced organ injury.


Assuntos
Anti-Inflamatórios/farmacologia , Colestase/tratamento farmacológico , Citocinas/metabolismo , Mediadores da Inflamação/metabolismo , Nefropatias/prevenção & controle , Rim/efeitos dos fármacos , Cirrose Hepática/prevenção & controle , Fígado/efeitos dos fármacos , NF-kappa B/antagonistas & inibidores , Sulfassalazina/farmacologia , Animais , Colestase/metabolismo , Colestase/patologia , Ducto Colédoco/cirurgia , Modelos Animais de Doenças , Regulação para Baixo , Rim/metabolismo , Rim/patologia , Nefropatias/metabolismo , Nefropatias/patologia , Ligadura , Fígado/metabolismo , Fígado/patologia , Cirrose Hepática/metabolismo , Cirrose Hepática/patologia , Masculino , Camundongos Endogâmicos C57BL , NF-kappa B/metabolismo , Estresse Oxidativo/efeitos dos fármacos , Transdução de Sinais
6.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33948680

RESUMO

PURPOSE: Limited literature exists on primary external auditory canal (EAC) cholesteatoma (EACC). Here, we focus on the clinical features of this rare disease, especially the invasive patterns of lesion progression, through a large population study and present simple and practical staging. METHODS: In all, 276 patients (male 99; female 177; mean age 41.3 ± 21 years; ears 301) with primary EACC were retrospectively analyzed. Stage I indicated EACC without bony lesions, stage II indicated invasion confined within EAC, stage III indicated invasion beyond the EAC involving mastoid air cells or tympanic cavity, but within the temporal bone, and stage IV indicated invasion beyond the temporal bone. RESULTS: In all, 41, 219, 40, and 1 ear with Stage I, II, III, and IV lesions were found, respectively. Common clinical symptoms were hearing loss (237 ears, 78.7%), otalgia (221 ears, 73.4%), and otorrhea (85 ears, 28.2%). The mean air conduction and air-bone gaps were 45.4 ± 17.9 dB HL and 24.6 ± 15 dB HL, respectively. EACCs were found to invade in all directions of the EAC, with the inferior wall (224 ears, 74.4%) > posterior wall (207 ears, 68.8%) > anterior wall (186 ears, 61.8%) > superior wall (86 ears, 28.6%) invasion; multiwall invasions (207 ears) were common; however, inward invasions into the tympanic cavity were rare. CONCLUSION: Primary EACCs occurred mostly in women and often unilaterally invaded multiple bony walls in the lower half of the EAC. The present staging reflects the patterns and severity of lesion progression and may be beneficial in treatment planning.

7.
Pest Manag Sci ; 77(10): 4497-4509, 2021 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34037312

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Chemosensory proteins (CSPs) play important roles in chemical communication, but their precise physiological functions are still unclear. Cylas formicarius is the most serious pest attacking sweet potato around the world. At present, there is no effective way to control this pest. RESULTS: Our results showed that CforCSP1, 5 and 6 genes were highly expressed in the antennae of both sexes of C. formicarius. In addition, results from a fluorescence competitive binding assay showed that the CforCSP1, 5 and 6 proteins had high binding affinities for 17 plant volatiles including eight host plant volatiles. This indicated that the three proteins may be involved in the detection of host plant volatiles. Furthermore, results from four-arm olfactometer bioassays showed that there was a significant tendency for C. formicarius to be attracted to eucalyptol, ß-carotene, benzaldehyde, vanillin and phenethyl alcohol, while it was repelled by ß-ionone. Finally, the levels of expression of the three CforCSPs in C. formicarius were successfully inhibited by RNA interference (RNAi). Behavioral experiments showed that CforCSP1, 5 and 6-deficient C. formicarius were partly anosmic to ß-cyclocitral, benzaldehyde, octyl aldehyde, and ß-ionone and exhibited a reduced ability to locate the host plant volatiles ß-carotene and vanillin. CONCLUSION: Our data suggest that CforCSP1, 5 and 6 likely are involved in the chemical communication between C. formicarius and host plant volatiles, which may play pivotal roles in oviposition and feeding site preferences. More importantly, these results could provide information for the development of monitoring and push-pull strategies for the control of C. formicarius. © 2021 Society of Chemical Industry.


Assuntos
Besouros , Ipomoea batatas , Gorgulhos , Animais , Oviposição , Percepção
8.
Open Life Sci ; 16(1): 311-322, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33851031

RESUMO

This study aims to investigate the effects of commercial probiotic supplementation in water on the performance parameters, carcass traits, immune function, and antioxidant capacity of broiler chicks. In the experiment, 120 Arbor Acres (AA) broilers (60 male and 60 female) were randomly allocated into four groups (G) - G1: basal diet and G2, G3, and G4: basal diet with 1% Lactobacillus casei, 1% L. acidophilus, and 1% Bifidobacterium in the water, lasting 42 days. The experimental results revealed that probiotic additives produced positive impacts on body weight, average daily feed intake (ADFI), and average daily weight gain for female chicks, whereas these probiotics significantly reduced ADFI and the feed conversion ratio of male chicks (P < 0.05). Probiotics efficiently improved eviscerated yield and breast yield while reducing the abdominal fat (P < 0.05) for the male broiler chicks. A marked increase was observed in the weight of the spleen, bursa of Fabricius, and thymus in the treatment group (P < 0.05). Besides, probiotics produced a significant effect on the concentrations of immune-related proteins (P < 0.05) and markedly increased the concentrations of antioxidase and digestive enzymes when compared with the control (P < 0.05). The addition of probiotics dramatically reduced the total counts of Escherichia coli and Salmonella and increased the quantity of Lactobacilli (P < 0.05). The results of the present study demonstrated an increase in growth performance, carcass traits, immune function, gut microbial population, and antioxidant capacity by supplementing 1% probiotics (L. casei, L. acidophilus, and Bifidobacterium) in the water for broilers.

9.
Naunyn Schmiedebergs Arch Pharmacol ; 394(6): 1191-1203, 2021 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33527194

RESUMO

Cholestasis is a clinical complication with different etiologies. The liver is the primary organ influenced in cholestasis. Renal injury is also a severe clinical complication in cholestatic/cirrhotic patients. Several studies mentioned the importance of oxidative stress and mitochondrial impairment as two mechanistically interrelated events in cholestasis-induced organ injury. Apoptosis-inducing factor (AIF) is a flavoprotein located in the inner mitochondrial membrane. This molecule is involved in a distinct pathway of cell death. The current study aimed to evaluate the role of AIF in the pathophysiology of cholestasis-associated hepatic and renal injury. Bile duct ligation (BDL) was used as an animal model of cholestasis. Serum, urine, and tissue samples were collected at scheduled time intervals (3, 7, 14, and 28 days after BDL surgery). Tissues' AIF mRNA levels, as well as serum, urine, and tissue activity of AIF, were measured. Moreover, markers of DNA fragmentation and apoptosis were assessed in the liver and kidney of cholestatic animals. A significant increase in liver and kidney AIF mRNA levels, in addition to increased AIF activity in the liver, kidney, serum, and urine, was detected in BDL rats. DNA fragmentation and apoptosis were raised in the liver and kidney of cholestatic animals, especially at the early stage of the disease. The apoptotic mode of cell death in the liver and kidney was connected to a higher AIF level. These data mention the importance of AIF in the pathogenesis of cholestasis-induced organ injury, especially at the early stage of this disease. Mitochondrial release of apoptosis-inducing factor (AIF) seems to play a pathogenic role in cholestasis-associated hepatic and renal injury. AIF release is directly connected to oxidative stress and mitochondrial impairment in cholestatic animals.

10.
Food Chem ; 347: 129028, 2021 Jun 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33503572

RESUMO

Caoyuanwang Baijiu (CYW), a mild-flavor style Baijiu (MSB), is popular in northern China. However, there is a lack of studies reporting its aroma-active components. The aroma compounds of five CYW samples were analyzed using gas chromatography-olfactory-mass spectrometry coupled with aroma extraction dilution analysis. Fifty-five aroma-active compounds were identified in CYW, of which 27 had odor activity values ≥ 1. Reconstituted models successfully simulated the aroma profiles of CYW. The omission tests elucidated that ß-damascenone, dimethyl trisulfide, ethyl pentanoate, butanoic acid, ethyl acetate, 3-methylbutanal, ethyl lactate, hexanoic acid, γ-nonalactone, 3-hydroxy-2-butanone, ethyl butanoate, 1-propanol, 4-(ethoxymethyl)-2-methoxy-phenol, and vanillin were key odorants in CYW. The addition test confirmed the significant influence of dimethyl trisulfide on Chen-aroma note. Nine key odorants were identified as the differential quality-markers, and 85.71% key odorants were predicted using the partial least square regression (PLSR) analysis, indicating the applicability of PLSR in selecting the target compounds for omission tests.


Assuntos
Bebidas Alcoólicas/análise , Cromatografia Gasosa-Espectrometria de Massas , Odorantes/análise , Olfatometria , Compostos Orgânicos Voláteis/análise , Adulto , China , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Adulto Jovem
11.
Pest Manag Sci ; 77(1): 300-312, 2021 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32696609

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The sweet potato weevil, Cylas formicarius, is the most serious pest of sweet potato worldwide. The molecular mechanism of sex pheromone recognition in C. formicarius has not been reported. Odorant-binding proteins (OBPs) play a critical role in selectively binding and transporting pheromones or other odors to the surface of olfactory receptor neurons through the aqueous sensillar lymph, therefore the function of sweet potato OBPs is worth studying. RESULTS: Herein, the CforOBP1-3 genes encoding three classical OBPs were cloned in C. formicarius by reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction. Phylogenetic analysis showed that CforOBP1-3 were homologous genes, but the relationship between CforOBP2 and CforOBP3 was closest among the three genes. In addition, real-time quantitative reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction (qRT-PCR) assays demonstrated that the expression of CforOBP1 was higher in the antennae and legs of female and male insects, while CforOBP2 and CforOBP3 were mainly expressed in the antennae of male insects. The fluorescent competitive binding assay results indicated that CforOBP1-3 had strong binding affinities to sex pheromones and other tested ligands. Finally, the mRNA expression of CforOBP1-3 was successfully inhibited by RNA interference, and in vivo behavioral experiments showed that CforOBP1-3-deficient C. formicarius was partly anosmic and lost some of its ability to locate sex pheromones and host plant volatiles. CONCLUSION: These results suggested that CforOBP1 was shown to be involved in the process of weevils feeding and finding sweet potato, and CforOBP2-3 were mainly involved in the mating behavior of adult male weevils.


Assuntos
Ipomoea batatas , Receptores Odorantes , Atrativos Sexuais , Gorgulhos , Animais , Proteínas de Transporte , Feminino , Proteínas de Insetos/genética , Proteínas de Insetos/metabolismo , Masculino , Odorantes , Percepção , Feromônios , Filogenia , Receptores Odorantes/genética , Receptores Odorantes/metabolismo , Gorgulhos/metabolismo
12.
Front Plant Sci ; 11: 1264, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32922429

RESUMO

To understand the roles of Malus rootstock, scion, and their interaction in Cd accumulation and tolerance, four scion/rootstock combinations consisting of the apple cultivars "Hanfu" (HF) and "Fuji" (FJ) grafted onto M. baccata (Mb) or M. micromalus "qingzhoulinqin" (Mm) rootstocks differing in relative Cd tolerance were exposed either to 0 µM or 50 µM CdCl2 for 18 d. Cd accumulation and tolerance in grafted Malus plants varied within rootstock, scion, and rootstock-scion interaction. Cd-induced decreases in photosynthesis, photosynthetic pigment level, and biomass were lower for HF grafted onto Mb than those for HF grafted onto Mm. Reductions in growth and photosynthetic rate were always the lowest for HF/Mb. Cd concentration, bioconcentration factor (BCF), and translocation factor (Tf ) were always comparatively higher in HF and FJ grafted onto rootstock Mm than in HF and FJ grafted on Mb, respectively. When HF and FJ were grafted onto the same rootstock, the root Cd concentrations were always higher in HF than FJ, whereas the shoot Cd concentrations displayed the opposite trend. The shoot Cd concentrations and Tf were lower for HF/Mb than the other scion/rootstock combinations. Rootstock, scion, and rootstock-scion interaction also affected subcellular Cd distribution. Immobilization of Cd in the root cell walls may be a primary Cd mobility and toxicity reduction strategy in Malus. The rootstock and scion also had statistically significant influences on ROS level and antioxidant activity. Cd induced more severe oxidative stress in HF and FJ grafted onto Mm than it did in HF and FJ grafted onto Mb. Compared with FJ, HF had lower foliar O2 -, root H2O2, and root and leaf MDA levels, but higher ROS-scavenging capacity. The rootstock, scion, and rootstock-scion interaction affected the mRNA transcript levels of several genes involved in Cd uptake, transport, and detoxification including HA7, FRO2-like, NRAMP1, NRAMP3, HMA4, MT2, NAS1, and ABCC1. Hence, the responses of grafted Malus plants to Cd toxicity vary with rootstock, scion, and rootstock-scion interaction.

13.
Adv Clin Exp Med ; 29(8): 1001-1009, 2020 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32869960

RESUMO

Previous studies have suggested that prostate-specific antigen (PSA) plays a role in the etiology of prostate cancer (PCa), and that polymorphisms of KLK3 may be associated with PCa. However, these results were conflicting. Therefore, we performed a meta-analysis to illuminate this problem. We searched the PubMed and Web of Science databases. Ten single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) were involved in this meta-analysis. The pooled results showed that the minor alleles of rs1058205, rs2735839, rs174776, rs17632542, rs266849, rs266878, and rs2569735 were significantly associated with PCa. Compared to genotypes of the common homozygotes, the heterozygous genotypes of rs1058205, rs2735839, rs174776, rs17632542, rs266849, and rs266878 were significantly associated with PCa, as well as the homozygous genotypes of rs1058205, rs2735839, rs17632542, rs266878, rs266876, and rs2569735. Only rs2735839 was involved in the Gleason score (GS). The pooled results showed that when compared with GS ≥ 8 PCa, the A-allele was the protective factor for GS < 7 PCa. It was also a protective factor for GS ≥ 4+3 when compared to GS ≤ 3+4 PCa. A strong association was observed between PCa and rs1058205, rs2735839, rs266882, rs174776, rs17632542, rs266849, rs266878, rs266876, rs1058274, and rs2569735. The G-allele of rs2735839 was a risk factor for GS < 7 PCa when compared with the GS ≥ 8 PCa, as well as for the GS ≥ 4+3 when compared to the GS ≤ 3+4 PCa. Therefore, these SNPs may be valuable as biomarkers for PCa in the future.


Assuntos
Calicreínas/genética , Antígeno Prostático Específico/genética , Neoplasias da Próstata , Predisposição Genética para Doença , Humanos , Masculino , Gradação de Tumores , Polimorfismo de Nucleotídeo Único , Neoplasias da Próstata/genética
14.
Ecotoxicol Environ Saf ; 204: 110973, 2020 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32781346

RESUMO

Arsenic (As) exerts a wide range of adverse effects on biological systems, including the reproductive organs in males and females. However, the mechanisms of As-induced reproductive toxicity are mostly obscure. Recently, we showed that autophagy is an essential route for As2O3-induced reprotoxicity through the hypothalamic-pituitary-gonadal-sperm (HPG-S) axis in pubertal and matured F1-male mice. However, the role of autophagy in As2O3- induced ovarian toxicity is mostly unknown. Hence, this study aimed to elucidate the role of oxidative stress, mitochondrial impairment, and autophagic processes in the ovary of As-exposed female mice. For this purpose, mature female mice were challenged with 0, low (0.2), medium (2), and high (20 ppm) As2O3 from 35-days before mating till weaning their pups, and the F1- females from weaning until maturity. Then, all the mice were sacrificed, and oxidative stress parameters, mitochondrial indices, electron microscopic evaluation of the ovaries, expression of autophagic-related genes and proteins, and autophagosome formation were assessed. It was shown that medium and high As2O3 doses were a potent inducer of oxidative stress, mitochondrial dysfunction, and autophagy in the ovary of F1-generation. A dose-dependent increment in the gene expression of PDK1, PI3K, TSC2, AMPK, ULK1, ATG13, Beclin1, ATG12, ATG5, LC3, P62, ATG3, ATG7, and p62, as well as protein expression of Beclin1, and LC3- I, II, was evident in the ovaries of the As-treated animals. Moreover, a dose-dependent decrease in the expression of mTOR and Bcl-2 genes, and mTOR protein was detected with increasing doses of As, suggesting that As treatment-induced autophagy. Along with a dose-dependent increase in the number of MDC-labeled autophagic vacuoles, transmission electron microscopy also confirmed more autophagosomes and injured mitochondria in medium and high As2O3 doses groups. As2O3 also negatively affected the mean body weight, litter size, organ coefficient, and stereological indices in female mice. Finally, in physiological conditions, arsenic trioxide (As2O3) leads to an increased level of autophagy in the oocyte when many oocytes were being lost. These findings indicated that an imbalance in the oxidant-antioxidant system, mitochondrial impairment, and the autophagic process, through inhibition of mTOR, dependent and independent pathways, and Bcl-2, as well as activation of AMPK/PI3K/Beclin1/LC3 routes, could play a pivotal role in As-induced reproductive toxicity through ovarian dysfunction in females.


Assuntos
Arsênio/toxicidade , Autofagia/efeitos dos fármacos , Folículo Ovariano/efeitos dos fármacos , Ovário/efeitos dos fármacos , Animais , Feminino , Camundongos , Camundongos Endogâmicos BALB C , Microscopia Eletrônica de Transmissão , Folículo Ovariano/crescimento & desenvolvimento , Ovário/ultraestrutura , Distribuição Aleatória
15.
Acta Otolaryngol ; 140(10): 823-826, 2020 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32513028

RESUMO

Background: External auditory canal (EAC) cholesteatoma (EACC) is rare and its treatment for different lesions has not yet been standardized.Objective: This study aimed to explore the clinical features of EACC with bone erosion, and to assess the curative effect of initial complete cholesteatoma debridement (ICCD).Material and methods: Clinical characteristics and prognosis of 41 ears were analyzed retrospectively.Results: The bone erosion of the EAC was most commonly affected on the posterior wall (37 ears), next by the inferior wall (34 ears), the anterior wall (30 ears) and the superior wall (23 ears). Hearing loss (36 ears) was the most common symptom, followed by otalgia (33 ears), otorrhea (18 ears), tinnitus (11 ears) and pruritus (3 ears). The hearing impairment of mean air conduction and air-bone gaps were improved from 39.2 dB to 22.7 dB, and 23.5 dB to 7.1 dB after the ICCD procedure, respectively. Four ears presented recurrence during the follow-up time and accepted a revision-debridement.Conclusion and significance: The ICCD might be applicable in the treatment of patients in the early stages and with non-extensive bone defect; however, close and long-term surveillance is essential and serial debridement is probable.

16.
PeerJ ; 8: e8249, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32411503

RESUMO

Background: NAC transcription factors play important roles in the regulation of plant growth, development, abiotic and biotic stress responses. The transcriptional level of MdNACs in different tissues and under various biotic and abiotic stress treatments was determined to provide a solid foundation for studying the function of MdNACs. Methods: Thirty-two full-length cDNA sequences of Md NACs were isolated by homologous comparison and RT-PCR confirmation, and the obtained cDNA sequences and the deduced amino acid sequences were analyzed with bioinformatics methods. The prediction of subcellular locations of MdNAC proteins was performed using CELLO v.2.5, PSORT, and SoftBerry ProtComp 9.0. Expression levels of MdNACs were detected in 16 different tissues using an array. Expression patterns of MdNACs were detected in response to Alternaria alternata apple pathotype (AAAP) infection using RNA-seq, and the expression of MdNACs was analyzed under NaCl and mannitol treatments using RT-qPCR. Results: The sequencing results produced 32 cDNAs (designated as MdNAC24-39, MdNAC54-65, and MdNAC67-70 with GenBank accession No. MG099861-MG099876, MG099891-MG099902, and MG099904-MG099907, respectively). Phylogenetic analysis revealed that MdNAC34 belonged to the ATAF group, MdNAC63 belonged to the AtNAC3 group, MdNAC24, MdNAC26-30, MdNAC32-33, MdNAC35, MdNAC37-39, MdNAC56-57, MdNAC59-62, MdNAC64-65, and MdNAC67-70 belonged to the NAM group, and MdNAC25, MdNAC36, MdNAC54-55, and MdNAC58 belonged to the VND group. Predictions of subcellular localization showed that MdNAC24-27, MdNAC29-30, MdNAC33-37, MdNAC39, MdNAC54-65, and MdNAC67-70 proteins were located in the nucleus, MdNAC28 proteins were located in the cytoplasm, MdNAC31-32 proteins were located in the nucleus and cytoplasm, and MdNAC38 proteins were located in the nucleus and plasma membrane. Array results indicated that 32 MdNACs were expressed in all examined tissues at various expression levels. RNA-seq results showed that expression levels of MdNAC26-28, MdNAC33-34, MdNAC60, MdNAC62-65, and MdNAC68 were induced, but MdNAC24, MdNAC32, and MdNAC58 were down-regulated in response to AAAP infection. Under salt treatment, MdNAC24, MdNAC27, MdNAC29, MdNAC34, MdNAC37, MdNAC39, MdNAC54, MdNAC59, and MdNAC63 transcription levels were induced. Under mannitol treatment, MdNAC32 and MdNAC54 transcription levels were induced, but MdNAC24, MdNAC28, MdNAC30, MdNAC33, MdNAC35, MdNAC37, MdNAC55, MdNAC56, MdNAC58, and MdNAC59 were down-regulated. Taken together, the results indicated that the cloned MdNAC genes were expressed constitutively in all examined tissues. These genes were up-regulated or down-regulated in response to AAAP infection and to salt or mannitol, which suggested they may be involved in the regulation of growth, development, and stress response in apple.

17.
ACS Appl Mater Interfaces ; 12(21): 23896-23903, 2020 May 27.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32362112

RESUMO

The development of high-performance, low-cost, and long-lasting electrocatalysts for both hydrogen evolution reaction (HER) and oxygen evolution reaction (OER) is urgently needed for effective electrochemical water splitting. In the present study, an engineering process was employed to prepare "Lewis base-hungry" amorphous-crystalline nickel borate-nickel sulfide (Ni3(BO3)2-Ni3S2) heterostructures, which exhibited unprecedentedly high electrocatalytic activity toward both OER and HER in alkaline media. The optimal Ni3(BO3)2-Ni3S2/nickel foam (Ni3(BO3)2-Ni3S2/NF) electrode displayed an ultralow overpotential of only -92 and +217 mV to reach the current density of 10 mA cm-2 for HER and OER, respectively. When the Ni3(BO3)2-Ni3S2/NF electrode was used as both the anode and cathode for overall water splitting, a low cell voltage of 1.49 V was needed to achieve the current density of 10 mA cm-2, which was superior to the performance of most noble metal-free electrocatalysts. Results from density functional theory calculations showed that the Lewis base-hungry sites in the heterostructures effectively enhanced the chemisorption of hydrogen and oxygen intermediates, a critical step in HER and OER electrocatalysis. Results from this study highlight the significance of rational design and engineering of heterostructured materials for the development of high-efficiency electrocatalysts.

18.
Chemistry ; 26(32): 7244-7249, 2020 Jun 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32153069

RESUMO

NiFe layered double hydroxides (LDHs) have been denoted as benchmark non-noble-metal electrocatalysts for the oxygen evolution reaction (OER). However, for laminates of NiFe LDHs, the edge sites are active, but the basal plane is inert, leading to underutilization as catalysts for the OER. Herein, for the first time, light and electron-deficient Li ions are intercalated into the basal plane of NiFe LDHs. The results of theoretical calculations and experiments both showed that electrons would be transferred from near Ni2+ to the surroundings of Li+ , resulting in electron-deficient properties of the Ni sites, which would function as "electron-hungry" sites, to enhance surface adsorption of electron-rich oxygen-containing groups, which would enhance the effective activity for the OER. As demonstrated by the catalytic performance, the Li-NiFe LDH electrodes showed an ultralow overpotential of only 298 mV at 50 mA cm-2 , which was lower than that of 347 mV for initial NiFe LDHs and lower than that of 373 mV for RuO2 . Reasonable intercalation adjustment effectively activates laminated Ni2+ sites and constructs the electron-deficient structure to enhance its electrocatalytic activity, which sheds light on the functional treatment of catalytic materials.

19.
Tree Physiol ; 40(6): 746-761, 2020 05 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32159805

RESUMO

To examine the potential roles of melatonin in cadmium (Cd) uptake, accumulation and detoxification in Malus plants, we exposed two different apple rootstocks varying greatly in Cd uptake and accumulation to either 0 or 30 µM Cd together with 0 or 100 µM melatonin. Cadmium stress stimulated endogenous melatonin production to a greater extent in the Cd-tolerant Malus baccata Borkh. than in the Cd-susceptible Malus micromalus 'qingzhoulinqin'. Melatonin application attenuated Cd-induced reductions in growth, photosynthesis and enzyme activity, as well as reactive oxygen species (ROS) and malondialdehyde accumulation. Melatonin treatment more effectively restored photosynthesis, photosynthetic pigments and biomass in Cd-challenged M. micromalus 'qingzhoulinqin' than in Cd-stressed M. baccata. Exogenous melatonin lowered root Cd2+ uptake, reduced leaf Cd accumulation, decreased Cd translocation factors and increased root, stem and leaf melatonin contents in both Cd-exposed rootstocks. Melatonin application increased both antioxidant concentrations and enzyme activities to scavenge Cd-induced ROS. Exogenous melatonin treatment altered the mRNA levels of several genes regulating Cd uptake, transport and detoxification including HA7, NRAMP1, NRAMP3, HMA4, PCR2, NAS1, MT2, ABCC1 and MHX. Taken together, these results suggest that exogenous melatonin reduced aerial parts Cd accumulation and mitigated Cd toxicity in Malus plants, probably due to the melatonin-mediated Cd allocation in tissues, and induction of antioxidant defense system and transcriptionally regulated key genes involved in detoxification.


Assuntos
Malus , Melatonina/farmacologia , Antioxidantes , Cádmio/toxicidade , Fotossíntese , Folhas de Planta
20.
Int J Nanomedicine ; 15: 1499-1515, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32189965

RESUMO

Purpose: Some chemotherapeutics have been shown to induce both the release of damage-associated molecular patterns (DAMPs) and the production of type I interferon (IFN-I), leading to immunogenic cell death (ICD). However, the standard chemotherapy drug for glioma, temozolomide (TMZ), cannot induce ICD as it cannot activate IFN-I signaling. Moreover, inefficient delivery of immunostimulants across the blood-brain barrier (BBB) is the main obstacle to overcome in order to induce local immune responses in the brain. Methods: A new oligonucleotide nanoformulation (Au@PP)/poly(I:C)) was constructed by coating gold nanoparticles (AuNPs) with methoxypolyethylene glycol (mPEG)-detachable (d)-polyethyleneimine (PEI) (Au@PP) followed by inducing the formation of electrostatic interactions with polyinosinic-polycytidylic acid (poly(I:C)). Intracranial GL261 tumor-bearing C57BL/6 mice were used to explore the therapeutic outcomes of Au@PP/poly(I:C) plus TMZ in vivo. The anti-tumor immune response in the brain induced by this treatment was analyzed by RNA sequencing and immunohistochemical analyses. Results: Au@PP/poly(I:C) induced IFN-I production after endocytosis into glioma cells in vitro. Additionally, Au@PP/poly(I:C) was efficiently accumulated in the glioma tissue after intranasal administration, which allowed the nanoformulation to enter the brain while bypassing the BBB. Furthermore, Au@PP/poly(I:C) plus TMZ significantly improved the overall survival of the tumor-bearing mice compared with group TMZ only. RNA sequencing and immunohistochemical analyses revealed efficient immune response activation and T lymphocyte infiltration in the Au@PP/poly(I:C) plus TMZ group. Conclusion: This study demonstrates that intranasal administration of Au@PP/poly(I:C) combined with TMZ induces ICD, thereby stimulating an in situ immune response to inhibit glioma growth.


Assuntos
Neoplasias Encefálicas/tratamento farmacológico , Neoplasias Encefálicas/imunologia , Glioma/tratamento farmacológico , Glioma/imunologia , Nanopartículas Metálicas/administração & dosagem , Nanopartículas Metálicas/uso terapêutico , Administração Intranasal , Animais , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Proliferação de Células/efeitos dos fármacos , Sistemas de Liberação de Medicamentos , Feminino , Ouro/uso terapêutico , Humanos , Interferon Tipo I/metabolismo , Nanopartículas Metálicas/ultraestrutura , Camundongos , Camundongos Endogâmicos C57BL , Poli I-C/síntese química , Poli I-C/química , Polietilenoglicóis/síntese química , Polietilenoglicóis/química , Polietilenoimina/síntese química , Polietilenoimina/química , Análise de Sobrevida , Linfócitos T/efeitos dos fármacos , Temozolomida/farmacologia , Temozolomida/uso terapêutico
SELEÇÃO DE REFERÊNCIAS
DETALHE DA PESQUISA
...