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1.
Asian J Psychiatr ; 58: 102587, 2021 Feb 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33618070

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Cognitive impairment has adverse impact on the social and role functions of those at clinical high risk for psychosis and it has become an important target for intervention. Mobile health applications are user-friendly, real-time, personalized and portable in administering cognitive training and have promising application prospects in the field of mental health. METHODS: Eighty CHR subjects were randomized into an intervention group and a control group. CHR subjects of the intervention group performed attention and memory training via a Specific Memory Attention Resource and Training (SMART) application in their smart phones for 10 min per day, five days per week for three months. Both groups were followed up for three months. At baseline and follow-up phases, cognitive function was measured using the MATRICS Consensus Cognitive Battery (MCCB). In the follow-up, the intervention group completed the Mobile Application Rating Scale (MARS) to provide feedback to improve SMART. RESULTS: There is a significant group by time interaction effect in the Attention/Vigilance domain, which is significantly better in the intervention group than in the control group at 3- month follow-up. The improvement in Attention/Vigilance in the intervention group is significantly related to the amount of cognitive training time. Global Assessment of Function (GAF) reduction rate at baseline could predict the improvement of Attention/Vigilance. MARS results indicate that CHR subjects were receptive of SMART. CONCLUSION: Mobile technology can be applied to improve cognitive function of CHR individuals, especially in the Attention/Vigilance domain.

2.
Psychol Med ; : 1-10, 2021 Feb 17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33593473

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Antipsychotics are widely used for treating patients with psychosis, and target threshold psychotic symptoms. Individuals at clinical high risk (CHR) for psychosis are characterized by subthreshold psychotic symptoms. It is currently unclear who might benefit from antipsychotic treatment. Our objective was to apply a risk calculator (RC) to identify people that would benefit from antipsychotics. METHODS: Drawing on 400 CHR individuals recruited between 2011 and 2016, 208 individuals who received antipsychotic treatment were included. Clinical and cognitive variables were entered into an individualized RC for psychosis; personal risk was estimated and 4 risk components (negative symptoms-RC-NS, general function-RC-GF, cognitive performance-RC-CP, and positive symptoms-RC-PS) were constructed. The sample was further stratified according to the risk level. Higher risk was defined based on the estimated risk score (20% or higher). RESULTS: In total, 208 CHR individuals received daily antipsychotic treatment of an olanzapine-equivalent dose of 8.7 mg with a mean administration duration of 58.4 weeks. Of these, 39 (18.8%) developed psychosis within 2 years. A new index of factors ratio (FR), which was derived from the ratio of RC-PS plus RC-GF to RC-NS plus RC-CP, was generated. In the higher-risk group, as FR increased, the conversion rate decreased. A small group (15%) of CHR individuals at higher-risk and an FR >1 benefitted from the antipsychotic treatment. CONCLUSIONS: Through applying a personal risk assessment, the administration of antipsychotics should be limited to CHR individuals with predominantly positive symptoms and related function decline. A strict antipsychotic prescription strategy should be introduced to reduce inappropriate use.

3.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33427444

RESUMO

The weak mechanical properties of hydrogels due to the inefficient dissipation of energy in the intrinsic structures limit their practical applications. Here, a double-network (DN) hydrogel has been developed by integrating an ionically cross-linked agar network, a covalently cross-linked acrylic acid (AAC) network, and the dynamic and reversible ionically cross-linked coordination between the AAC chains and Fe3+ ions. The proposed model reveals the mechanisms of the improved mechanical performances in the DN agar/AAC-Fe3+ hydrogel. The hydrogen-bond cross-linked double helices of agar and ionic-coordination interactions of AAC-Fe3+ can be temporarily sacrificed during large deformation to readily dissipate the energy, whereas the reversible AAC-Fe3+ interactions can be regenerated after stress relief, which greatly increases the material toughness. The developed DN hydrogel demonstrates a remarkable stretchability with a break strain up to 3174.3%, high strain sensitivity with the gauge factor being 0.83 under a strain of 1000%, and good 3D printability, making the material a desirable candidate for fabricating flexible strain sensors, electronic skin, and soft robots.

4.
Inorg Chem ; 60(4): 2590-2597, 2021 Feb 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33496589

RESUMO

Active species were introduced into MOFs to prepare multifunctional fluorescent probes by a stepwise postsynthetic modulation strategy. First, two-dimensional HPU-16 (HPU = Henan Polytechnic University; HPU-16 = Zn(L)2(H2O); HL = 2-(5-pyridin-4-yl-5H-[1,2,4]triazol-3-yl)-pyrazine) was transformed into three-dimensional HPU-17 ({Zn3(L)2(btc)2(H2O)}n) through a crystal dissolution-recrystallization process. Second, linker replacement was used to introduce -NH2 into the HPU-17 to generate functional NH2-HPU-17 via a single-crystal to single-crystal transformation. The functional amino groups caused NH2-HPU-17 to show a significant response to ClO-. Because of the interaction of amino groups and ClO-, the fluorescence of NH2-HPU-17 gradually changed from blue to yellow-green. More interestingly, NH2-HPU-17 could encapsulate Tb3+ and sensitize the visible-emitting characteristic fluorescence of Tb3+ in aqueous solution. Then, newly generated Tb3+@NH2-HPU-17 could serve as an effective probe for the determination of DPA. This work paves a new way for the design and modulation of ratiometric fluorescence probes for the selective and sensitive detection of special molecules.

5.
Hematology ; 26(1): 53-57, 2021 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33382022

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: Hemophilia A (HA, OMIM: 306700) is an X-linked recessive bleeding disorder, caused by defects of the F8 gene which encodes the coagulation factor VIII (FVIII). F8 intron 22 and intron 1 inversion (Inv22 and Inv1) account for ∼45% and 1-5% of severe HA cases, respectively. We herein described an aberrant Inv1 with concomitant large duplication and deletion in a Chinese severe HA patient. METHODS: Long distance PCR and multiplex PCR were used to detect Inv22 and Inv1. Multiplex ligation-dependent probe amplification (MLPA) was applied to examine exonic duplication and deletion of the F8 gene. Coverage analysis of read depth data from whole-genome sequencing (WGS) was used to analyze the intronic duplication and deletion of the F8 gene. RESULTS: We have identified an aberrant F8 Inv1 in a 1-year-old Chinese severe HA patient showing inversed int1h-1 and normal int1h-2. Coverage analysis of WGS data further illustrated the aberrant Inv1 with concomitant a duplication of 117 kb and a deletion of 1.8 kb. CONCLUSION: In conclusion, we reported an aberrant Inv1 with concomitant large duplication and deletion in a severe Chinese HA patient. Moreover, WGS provides rapid genetic diagnosis of hereditary disorders with point mutations, deletions, insertions and CNVs.

6.
Int Immunopharmacol ; 90: 107271, 2021 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33310664

RESUMO

To better understand humoral immunity following SARS-CoV-2 infection, 114 hospitalised COVID-19 patients with antibody monitored over 8 weeks from symptom onset were retrospectively investigated. A total of 445 serum samples were assessed via chemiluminescence immunoassay. Positive rate of virus-specific IgM reached up to over 80% from the second week to the eighth week after symptom onset, then declined quickly to below 30% in the twelfth week. Concentrations of IgG remained high for at least 3 months before subsequently declining. As compared with the non-severe group, serum IgM level from week 3 to week 8 was significantly higher among the patients with severe clinical symptoms (P = 0.012) but not IgG (P = 0.053). Serum IgM level from week 3 to week 8 was correlated with positive virus RNA test (r = 0.201, P = 0.044), albumin level (r = -0.295, P = 0.003), lactic dehydrogenase (LDH) level (r = 0.292, P = 0.003), alkaline phosphatase (ALP) level (r = 0.254, P = 0.010), C-reactive protein (CRP) level (r = 0.281, P = 0.004) during the same course, while serum IgG level was correlated with age (r = 0.207, P = 0.038). This presented results provide insight into duration of SARS-CoV-2 antibodies and interaction between the virus and host systems.


Assuntos
Anticorpos Antivirais/sangue , Imunoglobulina G/sangue , Imunoglobulina M/sangue , Idoso , Proteína C-Reativa/análise , /virologia , Feminino , Hospitalização , Humanos , L-Lactato Desidrogenase/sangue , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , RNA Viral/análise , Estudos Retrospectivos , Albumina Sérica/análise , Índice de Gravidade de Doença
7.
Neuroimage ; : 117564, 2020 Dec 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33285331

RESUMO

Diffusion kurtosis imaging (DKI) is a diffusion MRI approach that enables the measurement of brain microstructural properties, reflecting molecular restrictions and tissue heterogeneity. DKI parameters such as mean kurtosis (MK) provide additional subtle information to that provided by popular diffusion tensor imaging (DTI) parameters, and thus have been considered useful to detect white matter abnormalities, especially in populations that are not expected to show severe brain pathologies. However, DKI parameters often yield artifactual output values that are outside of the biologically plausible range, which diminish sensitivity to identify true microstructural changes. Recently we have proposed the mean-kurtosis-curve (MK-Curve) method to correct voxels with implausible DKI parameters, and demonstrated its improved performance against other approaches that correct artifacts in DKI. In this work, we aimed to evaluate the utility of the MK-Curve method to improve the identification of white matter abnormalities in group comparisons. To do so, we compared group differences, with and without the MK-Curve correction, between 115 individuals at clinical high risk for psychosis (CHR) and 93 healthy controls (HCs). We also compared the correlation of the corrected and uncorrected DKI parameters with clinical characteristics. Following the MK-curve correction, the group differences had larger effect sizes and higher statistical significance (i.e., lower p-values), demonstrating increased sensitivity to detect group differences, in particular in MK. Furthermore, the MK-curve-corrected DKI parameters displayed stronger correlations with clinical variables in CHR individuals, demonstrating the clinical relevance of the corrected parameters. Overall, following the MK-curve correction our analyses found widespread lower MK in CHR that overlapped with lower fractional anisotropy (FA), and both measures were significantly correlated with a decline in functioning and with more severe symptoms. These observations further characterize white matter alterations in the CHR stage, demonstrating that MK and FA abnormalities are widespread, and mostly overlap. The improvement in group differences and stronger correlation with clinical variables suggest that applying MK-curve would be beneficial for the detection and characterization of subtle group differences in other experiments as well.

8.
Reprod Biomed Online ; 2020 Sep 29.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33288478

RESUMO

RESEARCH QUESTION: Does SARS-CoV-2 infection have an effect on ovarian reserve, sex hormones and menstruation of women of child-bearing age? DESIGN: This is a retrospective, cross-sectional study in which clinical and laboratory data from 237 women of child-bearing age diagnosed with COVID-19 were retrospectively reviewed. Menstrual data from 177 patients were analysed. Blood samples from the early follicular phase were tested for sex hormones and anti-Müllerian hormone (AMH). RESULTS: Among 237 patients with confirmed COVID-19, severely ill patients had more comorbidities than mildly ill patients (34% versus 8%), particularly for patients with diabetes, hepatic disease and malignant tumours. Of 177 patients with menstrual records, 45 (25%) patients presented with menstrual volume changes, and 50 (28%) patients had menstrual cycle changes, mainly a decreased volume (20%) and a prolonged cycle (19%). The average sex hormone and AMH concentrations of women of child-bearing age with COVID-19 were not different from those of age-matched controls. CONCLUSIONS: Average sex hormone concentrations and ovarian reserve did not change significantly in COVID-19 women of child-bearing age. Nearly one-fifth of patients exhibited a menstrual volume decrease or cycle prolongation. The menstruation changes of these patients might be the consequence of transient sex hormone changes caused by suppression of ovarian function that quickly resume after recovery.

9.
J Nutr ; 2020 Nov 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33188401

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Vitamin D might have beneficial potential in influencing the natural history of the coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) due to its immunomodulatory and anti-inflammatory properties. OBJECTIVE: The aim was to investigate whether vitamin D deficiency is associated with COVID-19 incidence and disease severity in Chinese people. METHODS: In a cross-sectional study we retrospectively analyzed 335 COVID-19 patients (median: 56.0; IQR: 43.0-64.0 y) who were admitted to the Wuhan Tongji Hospital between 27 February and 21 March 2020. We also included an age- and sex-matched population of 560 individuals (median: 55; IQR: 49.0-60.0 y) who underwent the physical examination program. Their serum 25-hydroxyvitamin D [25(OH)D] concentrations were measured during the same period from 2018-2019. Serum 25(OH)D concentrations were measured for all COVID-19 patients on admission. Severity of COVID-19 was determined based on the level of respiratory involvement. A general linear model with adjustment for covariates was used to compare 25(OH)D concentrations between the COVID-19 and 2018-2019 control groups. Adjusted ORs with 95% CIs for associations between vitamin D status and COVID-19 severity were estimated via multivariable logistic regression. RESULTS: In the general linear model adjusted for age, sex, comorbidities, and BMI, serum 25(OH)D concentrations were significantly lower among COVID-19 patients than the 2018-2019 controls [ln transformed values of 3.32 ± 0.04 vs. 3.46 ± 0.022 ln (nmol/L), P = 0.014]. Multivariable logistic regression showed that male sex (OR: 2.26; 95% CI: 1.06, 4.82), advanced age (≥65 y) (OR: 4.93; 95% CI: 1.44, 16.9), and vitamin D deficiency (<30 nmol/L) (OR: 2.72; 95% CI: 1.23, 6.01) were significantly associated with COVID-19 severity (all P < 0.05). CONCLUSIONS: These findings suggested that vitamin D deficiency impacts COVID-19 hospitalization and severity in the Chinese population.

10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33159228

RESUMO

Air pollution exposure leads to increased mortality and morbidity rates of respiratory diseases. Most of the evidence was founded on acute diseases such as acute lower respiratory diseases. However, limited studies have been conducted to evaluate the effects of air pollution on chronic respiratory diseases. This time-series study was conducted to examine the acute effects of 6 criteria ambient air pollutants on hospital outpatients with chronic rhinitis (CR) in Xinxiang, China. We retrieved 223,826 outpatient records of patients with respiratory diseases, of which 62,901 were those of patients with CR. Results showed that the current 10-µg/m3 increase in fine particulate matter (PM2.5), inhalable particulate matter (PM10), sulfur dioxide (SO2), nitrogen dioxide (NO2), and carbon monoxide (CO) corresponds to 0.67% (95% confidence interval [CI]: 0.15-1.18%), 0.58% (95% CI: 0.24-0.92%), 1.89% (95% CI: 0.52-3.27%), 3.01% (95% CI: 1.66-4.35%), and 0.06% (95% CI: 0.03-0.10%) increments in outpatients with CR, respectively. In addition, the effects in the male were stronger than those in the female. Higher effect estimates were observed in the old (≥ 65 years of age) and younger (< 15 years of age) groups. Our study confirmed the association between air pollution and outpatients with CR in Xinxiang, China. More stringent air pollution control measures must be implemented.

11.
J Hazard Mater ; : 124309, 2020 Oct 26.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33144011

RESUMO

Elimination of antibiotics such as tetracycline hydrochloride (TC) from wastewater is of great significance, but still faces challenges. Herein, for the first time, I and P co-doped TiO2 catalysts were prepared via a hydrolysis method. We also reported a simple method to prepare I and P co-doped TiO2 photoelectrodes, which exhibited preeminent photoelectrocatalytic (PEC) performance for the decomposition of TC. The synergistic effect of I and P co-doping could significantly improve the charge separation rate and enhance the light absorption capacity of TiO2, leading to an enhancement of PEC activity. The main factors affecting the PEC performance were investigated, and the highest degradation rate constant (4.20 × 10-2 min-1) was achieved when the doping content of P was 4 at% (ITP-4 photoelectrode) at pH 11.02 under visible light. The Langmuir-Hinshelwood kinetic model and active species trapping experiments were selected to investigate the degradation mechanism of TC. The results suggest that the hydroxyl radicals and photogenerated holes were the main active species that were responsible for the decomposition of TC. Moreover, the degradation pathways of TC based on the intermediates also demonstrated that the hydroxyl radicals and holes showed a principal role in degrading TC.

12.
ACS Appl Mater Interfaces ; 12(49): 55417-55425, 2020 Dec 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33236881

RESUMO

Modified metal oxides with narrow band gaps have attracted great interest in photothermal applications because of their wide optical absorption range. To tune wide band gap metal oxides into visible and near-infrared responsive materials, we deploy a unique interfacial reaction-induced defect engineering approach, which enables us to effectively modify the electronic structure of metal oxides by introducing oxygen vacancy defects. This approach reduced the band gap of zirconia from 5.47 to 1.38 eV, accompanied by a color change to black. More importantly, it is not limited by the size of the metal oxides, and bulk black zirconia was successfully obtained for the first time. It has been demonstrated that the prepared black zirconia can be applied as an effective photothermal therapy agent in vitro. Additionally, the interfacial reaction-induced defect engineering approach has been successfully extended to enhance the optical absorption of other metal oxides.

13.
Cell Rep ; 33(8): 108410, 2020 Nov 24.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33238119

RESUMO

Small heat shock proteins (sHSPs) are important regulators for maintaining protein homeostasis in response to stresses. However, the strategies used by constitutively expressed sHSPs to control their activities in normal versus stressed conditions are still not fully understood. Here we show that the constitutively expressed HSP-43 in the C. elegans epidermis is stored within the basal C. elegans hemidesmosomes (CeHDs) under normal conditions and is rapidly released into the cytoplasm to exert protective functions upon heat stress. The association with CeHDs protects HSP-43 from degradation or toxic cytoplasmic aggregation in unstressed situations. Our study reveals a rapid and specific translocation-based heat shock response of the sHSPs working through hemidesmosomes. It refreshes our knowledge about the stress-resistant functions of stable cellular adhesions and provides insight into the activity-control strategies of sHSPs. It also underlines the importance of structural integrity of the cells on stress resistance and damage control.

14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33091677

RESUMO

Serotonin (5-hydroxytryptamine, 5-HT) is readily secreted in patients with carcinoid tumors, especially arising from the midgut. Although serotonin assay in human plasma or whole blood has been extensively studied, serotonin assay in human serum by liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry (LC-MS/MS) has received much less attention. In this study, a simple and reliable LC-MS/MS method based on one step protein precipitation for sample pretreatment was developed for clinical assay of serum serotonin. Namely, 150 µL of serum was mixed with 50 µL of internal standard (IS) and 200 µL of 4 wt.% 5-sulfosalicylic acid (SSA) solution for protein precipitation. The supernatant after centrifugation was analyzed directly without further treatment. This method was validated for consistent linearity from 0.94 to 240 ng/mL with CVs ≤ 11.7%, good recovery in the range of 87.5%-104%, excellent analyte stability and low carryover. No obvious matrix effect was observed. Intra- and inter-day imprecision were below 8.03% and 11.5% respectively. Dilution linearity was verified with satisfying linearly dependent coefficients (r2 = 0.9937). The reference interval of serotonin was established from 126 results derived from subjects without carcinoid tumors. Therefore, apart from development of a serum serotonin assay by the LC-MS/MS method, the reference interval (RI) of 5-HT has also been established for clinical testing in patients with carcinoid tumors. In addition, this method has been successfully used in our laboratory, indicating that this robust LC-MS/MS assay with simple sample preparation and short analysis time could offer inspiring potential for clinical testing of 5-HT in routine clinical laboratories.

15.
Clin Infect Dis ; 2020 Oct 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33048116

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Patients with coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) experience a wide clinical spectrum, with over 2% developing fatal outcome. The prognostic factors for fatal outcome remain sparsely investigated. METHODS: A retrospective cohort study was performed in a cohort of patients with confirmed COVID-19 in one designated hospital in Wuhan, China, from 17 January-5 March 2020. The laboratory parameters and a panel of cytokines were consecutively evaluated until patients' discharge or death. The laboratory features that could be used to predict fatal outcome were identified. RESULTS: Consecutively collected data on 55 laboratory parameters and cytokines from 642 patients with COVID-19 were profiled along the entire disease course, based on which 3 clinical stages (acute stage, days 1-9; critical stage, days 10-15; and convalescence stage, day 15 to observation end) were determined. Laboratory findings based on 75 deceased and 357 discharged patients revealed that, at the acute stage, fatality could be predicted by older age and abnormal lactate dehydrogenase (LDH), urea, lymphocyte count, and procalcitonin (PCT) level. At the critical stage, the fatal outcome could be predicted by age and abnormal PCT, LDH, cholinesterase, lymphocyte count, and monocyte percentage. Interleukin 6 (IL-6) was remarkably elevated, with fatal cases having a more robust production than discharged cases across the whole observation period. LDH, PCT, lymphocytes, and IL-6 were considered highly important prognostic factors for COVID-19-related death. CONCLUSIONS: The identification of predictors that were routinely tested might allow early identification of patients at high risk of death for early aggressive intervention.

16.
Cardiorenal Med ; 10(6): 470-475, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32987381

RESUMO

With the global spread of SARS-Cov-2 infections, increasing numbers of COVID-19 cases have been reported in transplant recipients. However, reports are lacking concerning the treatment and prognosis of COVID-19 pneumonia in renal transplant recipients with acute cardiorenal syndrome. We report here the complete clinical course of a renal transplant recipient with critical COVID-19 pneumonia. In the early phase of SARS-Cov-2 infection, the patient exhibited extensive lung lesions and significant acute kidney and heart injuries, which required treatment in the ICU. After correcting the arrhythmia and heart failure, the patient recovered quickly from the acute kidney injury with a treatment of intensive diuresis and strict control of fluid intake. Without cessation of oral immunosuppressive agents, the patient presented a delayed and low antibody response against SARS-Cov-2 and reappeared positive for the virus twice after being discharged. Nevertheless, the patient's pneumonia continued to improve and he fully recovered in 69 days. This effectively treated case may be meaningful and referable for the treatment of COVID-19 pneumonia in other transplant recipients with acute cardiorenal syndrome.

17.
Schizophr Bull ; 2020 Sep 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32926141

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To assess cortical thickness (CT) and surface area (SA) of frontal, temporal, and parietal brain regions in a large clinical high risk for psychosis (CHR) sample, and to identify cortical brain abnormalities in CHR who convert to psychosis and in the whole CHR sample, compared with the healthy controls (HC). METHODS: Magnetic resonance imaging, clinical, and cognitive data were acquired at baseline in 92 HC, 130 non-converters, and 22 converters (conversion assessed at 1-year follow-up). CT and SA at baseline were calculated for frontal, temporal, and parietal subregions. Correlations between regions showing group differences and clinical scores and age were also obtained. RESULTS: CT but not SA was significantly reduced in CHR compared with HC. Two patterns of findings emerged: (1) In converters, CT was significantly reduced relative to non-converters and controls in the banks of superior temporal sulcus, Heschl's gyrus, and pars triangularis and (2) CT in the inferior parietal and supramarginal gyrus, and at trend level in the pars opercularis, fusiform, and middle temporal gyri was significantly reduced in all high-risk individuals compared with HC. Additionally, reduced CT correlated significantly with older age in HC and in non-converters but not in converters. CONCLUSIONS: These results show for the first time that fronto-temporo-parietal abnormalities characterized all CHR, that is, both converters and non-converters, relative to HC, while CT abnormalities in converters relative to CHR-NC and HC were found in core auditory and language processing regions.

18.
World Allergy Organ J ; 13(8): 100452, 2020 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32884612

RESUMO

Background: The prevalence of allergy and other common chronic diseases is higher in developed than developing countries, and higher in urban than rural regions. Urbanization through its modification of environmental microbiomes may play a predominant role in the development of these conditions. However, no studies have been conducted to compare the microbiome in house dust among areas with different urbanization levels. Methods: House dust from Xinxiang rural area (XR, n = 74), Xinxiang urban area (XU, n = 33), and Zhengzhou urban area (ZU, n = 32) in central China, and from Australia (AU, n = 58 [with pets AUP, n = 15, without pets AUNP, n = 43]) were collected during a summer season in China and Australia. High-throughput sequencing of 16S rDNA was employed to profile house dust bacterial communities. Results: Settled dust collected in China was dominant with 2 bacterial phyla: Proteobacteria and Actinobacteria, while floor dust collected in Australia had a higher proportion of phylum Proteobacteria, Firmicutes, and Actinobacteria. XR dust samples presented higher bacterial richness and diversity compared with XU or ZU samples. Urbanization level (r2 = 0.741 P < 0.001) had a significant correlation with the distribution of house dust bacterial community. At the genus level, there was a positive correlation (r coefficient > 0.5) between urbanization level and bacterial genera Streptococcus, Bartonella, Staphylococcus, Pseudomonas, Acinetobacter, Bacteroides, Corynebacterium_1 , and Enhydrobacter and a negative correlation (r coefficient < -0.5) with Rhodanobacter. Conclusion: There was a significant difference in house dust microbiota among different urbanization areas. The areas with a lower urbanization level presented higher dust-borne bacterial richness and diversity. Modern urbanization has a significant influence on the bacterial microbiome profiles of indoor dust.

19.
Microsc Res Tech ; 83(12): 1530-1543, 2020 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32734676

RESUMO

Prevention against the adulteration of traditional Chinese medicine in an accurate way has been long exploring. Vitex trifolia fruit (VTF), as a widely used analgesic in East Asia, has frequently been found to be adulterated with five adulterants, namely Vitex cannabifolia fruit (VCF) (Fam. Verbenaceae), Vitex negundo fruit (VNF) (Fam. Verbenaceae), Piper cubeba fruit (PCF) (Fam. Lauraceae), Euphorbia lathyris seed (ELS) (Fam. Euphorbiaceae), and Vaccinium bracteatum fruit (VBF) (Fam. Ericaceae). In this study, the methods of micromorphological identification, microscopic identification, and chemical analysis were combined to distinguish VTF from its five adulterants comprehensively. As a result, the micromorphological features in terms of fruit or seed epidermis were photographed by stereomicroscopy firstly. Secondly, the microscopic characteristics of various herb powders were captured under light microscopy. Thirdly, 33 nonvolatile components and 124 volatile components in VTF were identified by ultra-performance liquid chromatography coupled with Orbitrap mass spectrometry (UPLC-Orbitrap-MS) and comprehensive two-dimensional gas chromatography hyphenated with mass spectrometry (GC × GC-MS), respectively. Furthermore, betulinic acid, persicogenin, and the volatile 4-(2,2,6-trimethyl-bicyclo[4.1.0]hept-1-yl)-butan-2-one were screened out to be the specific markers of VTF distinctive from the adulterants. Collectively, VTF and its five adulterants were distinguished successfully by the comparison of micromorphological, microscopic characteristics, and chemical profiles.

20.
Clin Chim Acta ; 510: 665-670, 2020 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32828732

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: Acute pancreatitis (AP) is an inflammatory disease with rapid progression. In severe cases, it can cause systemic inflammatory response syndrome (SIRS), multiple organ failure (POF) and even death. The study aimed to investigate the diagnostic value of C-reactive protein (CRP), procalcitonin (PCT), interleukin-6 (IL-6) and lactate dehydrogenase (LDH) in patients with severe AP. METHODS: AP patients (n = 153) divided into mild AP patients (n = 81) and severe AP patients (n = 72) were selected from June 2014 to June 2016. The demographic information (age, sex) and the hematological parameters (WBC, PLT, CRP, PCT, IL-6, LDH and so on) were analyzed. RESULTS: Significant differences were found out of CRP, PCT, IL-6 and LDH values between AP patients and controls (P < 0.05), even those results had significant difference between MAP group and SAP group (P < 0.05). In SAP group, the cut-off values of CRP, PCT, IL-6 and LDH were 16.62, 2.29, 16.66, 273.04; sensitivity 55.6%, 77.8%, 80.2%, 82.7%; specificity 73%, 94%, 85%, 96% and AUC 0.637, 0.929, 0.886, 0.919, respectively. The AUC of combined detection of CRP, PCT, IL-6 and LDH was 0.989 (95%CI). CONCLUSION: The combined detection of CRP, PCT, IL-6 and LDH has a high diagnostic value for judging the severity of AP.

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