Your browser doesn't support javascript.
loading
Mostrar: 20 | 50 | 100
Resultados 1 - 20 de 385
Filtrar
1.
Phytomedicine ; 94: 153823, 2021 Oct 25.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34763315

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Epidemiological and clinical evidence suggests that diabetes increases the risk of liver cancer. Although the co-occurrence of type 2 diabetes (T2D) and liver cancer is becoming more frequent, the underlying mechanisms remain unclear. Even though baicalin, extensively used in traditional Chinese medicine (TCM), can control T2D and inhibit liver cancer separately, minimal research is available regarding its possible effect on T2D-induced liver cancer. Thus, in the present study, we aimed to investigate the role of baicalin in T2D-induced hepatocellular cancer, and for the first time, we particularly emphasized the regulation of baicalin in genes RNA m6A in hepatocellular cancer. METHODS: Here, we constructed a cell culture model under a high concentration of glucose and a T2D-induced liver tumor model to evaluate the in vitro and in vivo role of baicalin in T2D-induced liver cancer progression. After confirming the suppressive effect of baicalin and the HKDC1 antibody on T2D-induced liver tumors, the epigenetic alterations (DNA 5mC and RNA m6A) of the baicalin-regulated HKDC1 gene were detected using MS and q-PCR. Next, the METTL3 gene-regulated m6A (2854 site) was investigated using SELECT PCR. Finally, the impact of the other three baicalin analogs (baicalein, wogonoside, and wogonin) on tumor inhibition was tested in vivo while verifying the related RNA m6A mechanism. RESULTS: The results showed that baicalin and the HKDC1 antibody suppressed T2D-induced liver tumor progression in vitro and in vivo. Furthermore, baicalin significantly inhibited the epigenetic modification (DNA 5mC and RNA m6A) of HKDC1 in HepG2 tumors, mainly targeting the RNA m6A site (2854). The m6A-related gene, METTL3, regulated the RNA m6A site (2854) of HKDC1, which was also restricted by baicalin. Moreover, the study verified that baicalin regulated the METTL3/HKDC1/JAK2/STAT1/caspase-3 pathway in liver cancer cells when exposed to a high glucose concentration. In addition, the three baicalin analogs were proven to regulate the m6A (2854 site) of HKDC1 and suppress T2D-induced liver tumors. CONCLUSIONS: The findings of this study revealed that baicalin suppressed T2D-induced liver tumor progression by regulating the METTL3/m6A/HKDC1 axis, which might support its potential application for preventing and treating T2D-induced liver cancer.

2.
Food Funct ; 12(19): 9188-9196, 2021 Oct 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34606561

RESUMO

Folate cannot prevent all neural tube defects (NTD), indicating that other pathogeneses still exist except for the folate deficiency. Maternal diabetes mellitus during pregnancy can increase the risk of offspring NTD. Our previous study showed that polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFA) were lower in the placenta of human NTD cases than in healthy controls, and the supplementation of fish oil (rich in long-chain (LC) n-3 PUFA, mainly C20:5n-3 and C22:6n-3) had a better prevention effect against sodium valproate induced NTD than corn oil (rich in C18:2n-6) and flaxseed oil (rich in C18:3n-3). The aim of the present study was to investigate whether PUFA could prevent diabetes-induced NTD in mice. Streptozotocin (STZ)-induced diabetic pregnant mice were fed with a normal diet (DMC), a diet containing a low dose of fish oil (DMLn-3), a diet containing a high dose of fish oil (DMHn-3) or a diet rich in corn oil (DMn-6). Healthy pregnant mice were fed with a normal diet (HC). Compared with the DMC group, the rate of NTD was significantly lower in the DMHn-3 group (4.44% vs. 12.50%), but not in the DMLn-3 (11.11%) or DMn-6 group (12.03%). The NTD rate in the DMHn-3 group was comparable with that in the HC group (1.33%) (p = 0.246), and lower than that in the DMn-6 group (p = 0.052). The NTD rate in DMLn-3 and DMn-6 groups was significantly higher than that in the HC group. No significant difference was observed in NTD rate between DMLn-3 and DMHn-3 groups, and between DMLn-3 and DMn-6 groups. Compared with the HC group, the DMC group had a significantly lower C22:6n-3 in both serum and embryos. Fish oil supplementation ameliorated neuroepithelial cell apoptosis, and the apoptotic rate was comparable between DMHn-3 and HC groups. Although the apoptotic rate was significantly lower in the DMn-6 group than the DMC group, it was still much higher than that in the HC group. The proteins P53 and Bax in embryos were higher, while the proteins Bcl-2 and Pax3 were lower in the DMC group than in the HC group. The disturbance of Pax3, P53 and Bax induced by diabetes was abolished in DMLn-3, DMHn-3 and DMn-6 groups. Importantly, Bcl-2 in embryos was restored to the normal level only in the DMHn-3 group but not in the DMLn-3 or DMn-6 group. In conclusion, LC n-3 PUFA enriched fish oil has a protective effect against NTD in diabetes induced by STZ through improving neuroepithelial cell apoptosis, and the mechanism may be by increasing the anti-apoptosis protein Bcl-2 independently of Pax3 and P53.

3.
Int Immunopharmacol ; 101(Pt A): 108149, 2021 Oct 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34634739

RESUMO

Lipopolysaccharide (LPS) can remain in dairy products after the sterilization of milk powder and may pose a threat to the health of infants and young children. There is a large amount of alkaline phosphatase (ALP) in raw milk, which can remove the phosphate bond of LPS, thus, detoxifying it. ALP is regarded as an indicator of the success of milk sterilization due to its strong heat resistance. ALP can alleviate the toxicity of LPS in enteritis and nephritis models, but the mechanism by which oral-intake of ALP protects liver tissue from LPS stimulation is unclear. In this study, an in vivo acute mouse liver injury model was induced by C. sakazakii LPS (200 µg/kg) and used to verify the protective mechanism of ALP (200 U/kg) on mice livers. The related pathways were also verified by in vitro cell culture. Enzyme linked immunosorbent assays (ELISAs), quantitative reverse transcription PCR (RT-qPCR) and western blotting were used to detect the levels of inflammatory factors at the protein level and RNA level, and to confirm the inflammation of liver tissue caused by LPS. ALP was found to alleviate acute liver injury in vitro by activating miR-146a. We found that ALP could up-regulate the level of miR146a and subsequently alleviates the expression of TLR4, TNF-α, matured IL-1ß, and NF-κB in mouse liver tissue and hepatocytes; thus, reducing liver inflammation. Herein, we demonstrated for the first time that oral-intake of ALP protected liver tissue by up-regulating the expression of miR-146a and alleviating inflammatory reactions; thus, providing a research basis for the proper processing of milk. This study also suggests that producers should improve the awareness of the protective effects of bioactive proteins in raw milk.

4.
Mitochondrial DNA B Resour ; 6(11): 3095-3097, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34621985

RESUMO

Cucurbita ficifolia Bouché is an important germplasm resource used for rootstock and hypoglycemic food in Cucurbitaceae. The complete chloroplast genome sequence of C. ficifolia has been determined in this study. The total genome size is 157,533 bp in length and contains a pair of inverted repeats (IRs) of 25,639 bp, which were separated by large single copy (LSC) and small single copy (SSC) of 88,112 bp and 18,143 bp, respectively. A total of 130 genes were predicted including 86 protein-coding genes, eight rRNA genes and 36 tRNA genes. Further, Maximum-likelihood phylogenetic analysis revealed that C. ficifolia is a base clade of genus Cucurbita and closer to Cucurbita maxima. The chloroplast genome of C. ficifolia would promote the germplasm exploration, phylogenetic relationships, and molecular biology researches in Cucurbita.

5.
Anticancer Drugs ; 2021 Aug 27.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34486539

RESUMO

Leptomeningeal metastasis (LM) is one of the most serious complications of non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) without standard treatment guidelines and is always accompanied by poor prognosis. Identifying the types of gene mutations is essential to improve the outcome, and an increasing number of rare epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) mutations are revealed by next-generation sequencing (NGS). Here, we describe a case of a 56-year-old man who was diagnosed with lung adenocarcinoma and received thoracoscopic resection in May 2015. One year later, LM was confirmed by positive cerebrospinal fluid cytology. Given the existence of EGFR exon 19 deletions, erlotinib was implemented and achieved a short response for 10 months. Then the systemic therapy was changed to osimertinib and obtained clinical remission for 25 months. Owing to the resurgence of violent headache, retching and vomiting, NGS of cerebrospinal fluid was performed and two rare EGFR-SEPT14 fusions were found. Osimertinib combined bevacizumab, chemotherapy (carboplatin and abraxane) and dacomitinib were implemented in turn but ineffective. Thus, osimertinib combined intrathecal chemotherapy with pemetrexed were carried out and gained a complete remission of neurologic symptoms, stable lesions and long-term survival without notable side effects. This study presented the first case of NSCLC-LM harboring particular EGFR-SEPT14 fusions, who showed a durable response to osimertinib and intrathecal pemetrexed, providing a potential therapeutic option for NSCLC-LM patients with this particular mutation.

7.
Vascul Pharmacol ; 141: 106920, 2021 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34592429

RESUMO

Angiogenesis is crucial for tissue damage repair in ischemic cardiovascular diseases. Vascular endothelial growth factor A (VEGF-A) acts as a vital mediator in angiogenesis. In this study, tetrandrine (Tet) was found from 23 herbal chemicals to increase VEGF-A mRNA expression in H9c2 cells and the effect was confirmed in freshly isolated neonatal rat cardiomyocytes. The effect of Tet on VEGF-A expression and the possible mechanism were investigated. Tet treatment increased de novo VEGF-A mRNA synthesis and did not affect VEGF-A mRNA stability. The circulating chromosome conformation capture (4C) experiments indicated that Tet enhanced VEGF-A transcription by targeting a regulatory element beyond the 2.6 kb region of the translation start site. Tet augmented the angiogenic activities of endothelial cells. It also enhanced blood flow restoration and capillary vessel density following ischemic limb injury associated with an escalation of VEGF-A expression. Moreover, in myocardial infarction (MI) model Tet treatment elevated neovascularization, reduced infarction size, and improved heart function via upregulating VEGF-A levels. Our results suggested that Tet increased VEGF-A transcription through a novel mechanism that likely involves a distant regulatory element and may be useful for therapeutic angiogenesis for ischemic diseases.

8.
Anticancer Drugs ; 2021 Jul 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34321419

RESUMO

Adenoid cystic carcinoma (ACC) is a rare salivary glands tumor and often displays aggressive behavior with frequent relapse and metastasis. The terminal ACC lacks standard treatment guidelines and is always accompanied by poor prognosis. Here, we report a case of rare perianal ACC who received resection and palliative adjuvant radiation. Five years later, PET-computed tomography (CT) showed perianal recurrence and multiple pulmonary metastases. Combined chemotherapy with doxorubicin, carboplatin and cyclophosphamide was applied for two cycles but ineffective. Further next-generation sequencing analysis of perianal tissue demonstrated the v-myb avian myelobastosis viral oncogene homolog and nuclear factor I/B fusion gene and two novel BCL-6 corepressor (BCOR) mutations (p.F1106Tfs*5 and p.L1524Hfs*8). The therapy was switched to eribulin and anlotinib and has been performed for eight cycles. At recent follow-ups, MRI and CT examinations revealed the diminishing perianal and pulmonary lesions. This study presented the first case of perianal ACC with multiple pulmonary metastases and particular BCOR mutations, who presented a durable response to eribulin and anlotinib, providing a potential therapeutic option for advanced refractory ACC.

9.
Food Sci Nutr ; 9(7): 3449-3459, 2021 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34262705

RESUMO

As classical MRPs, the toxic effects of furosine, pyralline, and 5-hydroxymethylfurfural (5-HMF) in liver tissue are evaluated and the related mechanism is investigated here, and the protective effects of lactoferrin on liver injury caused by Maillard reaction products (MRPs) with furan ring are proved in vitro and in vivo. First, we detect the concentrations of furosine, pyralline, and 5-HMF in several foods using ultrahigh-performance liquid chromatography (UHPLC). Then, the effects of the three MRPs on liver cells (HL-7702) viability, as well as liver tissue, are performed and evaluated. Furthermore, the regulations of three MRPs on necroptosis-related pathway in liver cells are investigated. Additionally, the effects of lactoferrin in alleviating liver injury, as well as regulating necroptosis pathway, were evaluated. Results elucidate that lactoferrin protects liver injury caused by MRPs with furan ring structure through activating RIPK1/RIPK3/p-MLKL necroptosis pathway and downstream inflammatory reaction.

10.
Zhongguo Fei Ai Za Zhi ; 24(8): 567-576, 2021 Aug 20.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34120432

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Tumor markers (TM) in cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) are useful for diagnosing leptomeningeal metastasis (LM). It has not been fully exploited the diagnostic possibilities of the CSF levels since the basic fact that the TM concentration of CSF depends strongly upon the serum levels as well as upon the condition of the blood brain barrier (BBB). To analyze the intrathecal TM synthesis and evaluate the integrity of BBB can be helpful for the definitive diagnosis of LM. Therefore, the aim of this study was to further explore the clinical value of intrathecal TM synthesis and BBB in the diagnosis for the lung cancer patients with LM. METHODS: Twenty-five lung cancer patients with LM and 57 patients with nonmalignant neurological diseases (NMNDs) admitted to Nanjing Drum Tower Hospital from December 2016 to March 2020 were included. We compared the integrity of BBB and intrathecal TM synthesis between two groups, analyzed the correlation of CSF TM between the detection and intrathecal synthesis, and evaluated serial CSF cytology, the integrity of BBB and intrathecal TM synthesis when intrathecal chemotherapy for one patient. RESULTS: Ninety-four percent LM patients showed the dysfunction of BBB, and all LM patients showed at least one intrathecal synthesized TM in CSF. In one patient, the CSF cytology was negative for the first time, but LM was eventually diagnosed based on the the intrathecal TM synthesis and positive CSF cytology of repeated lumbar puncture. In LM group, no correlation was observed between the detection and intrathecal synthesized TM in CSF. In the control group, only 3.5% (2/57) NMNDs patients had the dysfunction of BBB and no patients had intrathecal TM synthesis, both the differences of which were statistically significant (P<0.05). Finally, evaluating the CSF cytology, integrity of BBB and intrathecal TM synthesis can be used to assess the intracranial treatment effect. Moreover, intrathecal TM synthesis changes earlier than cytology. CONCLUSIONS: The evaluation of intrathecal TM synthesis and integrity of BBB are novel clinical diagnostic tools. In addition, serial measurement of intrathecal synthesized TM may play an important role in monitoring efficacy of lung cancer patients with LM, which is worthy of further promotion and clinical application.

11.
Virulence ; 12(1): 1661-1671, 2021 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34152261

RESUMO

Shigella is an intracellular pathogen that primarily infects the human colon and causes shigellosis. Shigella virulence relies largely on the type III secretion system (T3SS) and secreted effectors. VirF, the master Shigella virulence regulator, is essential for the expression of T3SS-related genes. In this study, we found that YhjC, a LysR-type transcriptional regulator, is required for Shigella virulence through activating the transcription of virF. Pathogenicity of the yhjC mutant, including colonization in the colons of guinea pigs as well as its ability for host cell adhesion and invasion, was significantly lowered. Expression levels of virF and nearly all VirF-dependent genes were downregulated by yhjC deletion, indicating that YhjC can activate virF transcription. Electrophoretic mobility shift assay analysis demonstrated that YhjC could bind directly to the virF promoter region. Therefore, YhjC is a novel virulence regulator that positively regulates the virF expression and promotes Shigella virulence. Additionally, genome-wide expression analysis identified the presence of other genes in the large virulence plasmid and a genome exhibiting differential expression in response to yhjC deletion, with 169 downregulated and 99 upregulated genes, indicating that YhjC also functioned as a global regulatory factor.

12.
Front Neurosci ; 15: 647266, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34121985

RESUMO

Background: Aggregation and neurotoxicity of the presynaptic protein α-synuclein and the progressive loss of nigral dopaminergic neurons are believed to be the key hallmarks of Parkinson's disease (PD). A53T mutant α-synuclein causes early onset PD and more severe manifestations. A growing body of evidence shows that misfolding or deposition of α-synuclein is linked to the maintenance of mitochondrial dynamics, which has been proven to play an important role in the pathogenesis of PD. It has been observed that Dl-3-n-butylphthalide (NBP) may be safe and effective in improving the non-tremor-dominant PD. However, the potential mechanism remains unclear. This study aimed to investigate whether NBP could decrease the loss of dopaminergic neurons and α-synuclein deposition and explore its possible neuroprotective mechanisms. Methods: A total of 20 twelve-month-old human A53T α-synuclein transgenic mice and 10 matched adult C57BL/6 mice were included in the study; 10 adult C57BL/6 mice were selected as the control group and administered with saline (0.2 ml daily for 14 days); 20 human A53T α-synuclein transgenic mice were randomly divided into A53T group (treated in the same manner as in the control group) and A53T + NBP group (treated with NBP 0.2 ml daily for 14 days). Several markers of mitochondrial fission and fusion and mitophagy were determined, and the behavioral, olfactory, and cognitive symptoms were assessed as well. Results: In the present study, it was observed that the A53T-α-synuclein PD mice exhibited anxiety-like behavioral disturbance, impairment of coordination ability, memory deficits, and olfactory dysfunction, loss of dopaminergic neurons, and α-synuclein accumulation. Meanwhile, the mitofusin 1 expression was significantly decreased, and the mitochondrial number and dynamin-related protein 1, Parkin, and LC3 levels were increased. The detected levels of all markers were reversed by NBP treatment, and the mitochondrial morphology was partially recovered. Conclusion: In the present study, a valuable neuropharmacological role of NBP has been established in the A53T-α-synuclein PD mouse model. Possible neuroprotective mechanisms might be that NBP is involved in the maintenance of mitochondrial dynamics including mitochondrial fission and fusion and clearance of damaged mitochondria. It is essential to perform further experiments to shed light on the precise mechanisms of NBP on mitochondrial homeostasis.

13.
PeerJ ; 9: e11072, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34131514

RESUMO

Colorectal cancer is a common cause of death with few available therapeutic strategies, and the preventative complexes in adjunctive therapy are urgently needed. Increasing evidences have shown that natural ingredients, including lactoferrin, oleic acid, docosahexaenoic acid (DHA) and linolenic acid, possess anti-inflammatory and anti-tumor activities. However, investigations and comparisons of their combinations in colorectal tumor model have not been reported, and the mechanism is still unrevealed. In the study, we examined the viability, migration, invasion and apoptosis of HT29 cells to choose the proper doses of these components and to select the effective combination in vitro. BALB/c nude mice bearing colorectal tumor were used to explore the role of selected combination in inhibiting tumor development in vivo. Additionally, metabonomic detection was performed to screen out the specific changed metabolitesand related pathway. The results demonstrated that lactoferrin at 6.25 µM, oleic acid at 0.18 mM, DHA at 0.18 mM, and linolenic acid at 0.15 mM significantly inhibited the viabilities of HT29 cells (p < 0.05). The combination of lactoferrin (6.25 µM) + linolenic acid (0.15 mM) exhibited the strongest activity in inhibiting the migration and invasion of HT29 cells in vivo and suppressing tumor development in vitro (p < 0.05). Furthermore, the lactoferrin + linolenic acid combination activated p-AMPK and p-JNK, thereby inducing apoptosis of HT29 cells (p < 0.05). The present study was the first to show that lactoferrin + linolenic acid combination inhibited HT29 tumor formation by activating AMPK/JNK related pathway.

14.
BMC Cardiovasc Disord ; 21(1): 263, 2021 05 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34049494

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Abdominal obesity as a predominant comorbidity has played a key role in the incidence and worsening of heart failure with preserved ejection fraction (HFpEF), and waist-to-height ratio (WHtR) behaves better than waist circumference or body mass index in evaluating abdominal obesity. While the association between WHtR and all-cause death in Chinese patients with HFpEF remains unclear. METHODS: Patients with stable HFpEF (N = 2041) who presented to our hospital from January 2008 to July 2019 were divided into low-WHtR (< 0.5, N = 378) and high-WHtR (≥ 0.5, N = 1663). Multivariable Cox proportional-hazard models were used to examine the association of WHtR with all-cause death. RESULTS: The average age was 76.63 ± 11.44 years, and the mean follow-up was 4.53 years. During follow-up, 185 patients (9.06%) reached the primary outcome of all-cause death. As for the secondary outcome, 79 patients (3.87%) experienced cardiovascular death, 106 (5.19%) had non-cardiovascular death, and 94 (4.61%) had heart failure rehospitalization. After multivariable adjustment, a higher WHtR was significantly associated with the increased risks of all-cause death [adjusted hazard ratios (HR) 1.91, 95% confidence interval (CI) 1.06-3.45, p = 0.032], cardiovascular death (adjusted HR 2.58; 95% CI 1.01-6.67, p = 0.048), and HF rehospitalization (adjusted HR 3.04; 95% CI 1.26-7.31, p = 0.013). CONCLUSIONS: Higher WHtR is an independent risk factor for all-cause death in Chinese patients with HFpEF.

15.
Toxins (Basel) ; 13(5)2021 04 22.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33922125

RESUMO

Endotoxin is a complex molecule derived from the outer membrane of Gram-negative bacteria, and it has strong thermal stability. The processing of infant food can kill pathogenic bacteria but cannot remove endotoxin. Because the intestinal structure of infants is not fully developed, residual endotoxin poses a threat to their health by damaging the intestinal flora and inducing intestinal inflammation, obesity, and sepsis, among others. This paper discusses the sources and contents of endotoxin in infant food and methods for preventing endotoxin from harming infants. However, there is no clear evidence that endotoxin levels in infant food cause significant immune symptoms or even diseases in infants. However, in order to improve the safety level of infant food and reduce the endotoxin content, this issue should not be ignored. The purpose of this review is to provide a theoretical basis for manufacturers and consumers to understand the possible harm of endotoxin content in infant formula milk powder and to explore how to reduce its level in infant formula milk powder. Generally, producers should focus on cleaning the milk source, securing the cold chain, avoiding long-distance transportation, and shortening the storage time of raw milk to reduce the level of bacteria and endotoxin. After production and processing, the endotoxin content should be measured as an important index to test the quality of infant formula milk powder so as to provide high-quality infant products for the healthy growth of newborns.


Assuntos
Endotoxinas/efeitos adversos , Contaminação de Alimentos , Saúde do Lactente , Humanos , Lactente , Alimentos Infantis/efeitos adversos , Alimentos Infantis/microbiologia
16.
Biochem Pharmacol ; 188: 114578, 2021 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33895160

RESUMO

The glucagon-like peptide-1 (GLP-1) was shown to have neuroprotective effects in Alzheimer's disease (AD). However, the underlying mechanism remains elusive. Astrocytic mitochondrial abnormalities have been revealed to constitute important pathologies. In the present study, we investigated the role of astrocytic mitochondria in the neuroprotective effect of GLP-1 in AD. To this end, 6-month-old 5 × FAD mice were subcutaneously treated with liraglutide, a GLP-1 analogue (25 nmol/kg/qd) for 8 weeks. Liraglutide ameliorated mitochondrial dysfunction and prevented neuronal loss with activation of the cyclic adenosine 3',5'-monophosphate (cAMP)/phosphorylate protein kinase A (PKA) pathway in the brain of 5 × FAD mice. Next, we exposed astrocytes to ß-amyloid (Aß) in vitro and treated them with GLP-1. By activating the cAMP/PKA pathway, GLP-1 increased the phosphorylation of DRP-1 at the s637 site and mitigated mitochondrial fragmentation in Aß-treated astrocytes. GLP-1 further improved the Aß-induced energy failure, mitochondrial reactive oxygen species (ROS) overproduction, mitochondrial membrane potential (MMP) collapse, and cell toxicity in astrocytes. Moreover, GLP-1 also promoted the neuronal supportive ability of Aß-treated astrocytes via the cAMP/PKA pathway. This study revealed a new mechanism behind the neuroprotective effect of GLP-1 in AD.


Assuntos
Doença de Alzheimer/metabolismo , Proteínas Quinases Dependentes de AMP Cíclico/metabolismo , AMP Cíclico/metabolismo , Peptídeo 1 Semelhante ao Glucagon/análogos & derivados , Mitocôndrias/metabolismo , Neurônios/metabolismo , Doença de Alzheimer/tratamento farmacológico , Doença de Alzheimer/genética , Animais , Animais Recém-Nascidos , Astrócitos/efeitos dos fármacos , Astrócitos/metabolismo , AMP Cíclico/genética , Proteínas Quinases Dependentes de AMP Cíclico/genética , Peptídeo 1 Semelhante ao Glucagon/administração & dosagem , Hipoglicemiantes/administração & dosagem , Liraglutida/administração & dosagem , Camundongos , Camundongos Transgênicos , Mitocôndrias/efeitos dos fármacos , Mitocôndrias/genética , Neurônios/efeitos dos fármacos , Ratos , Ratos Sprague-Dawley , Transdução de Sinais/efeitos dos fármacos , Transdução de Sinais/fisiologia
17.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 100(14): e25469, 2021 Apr 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33832160

RESUMO

RATIONALE: Eccrine spiradenoma (ES) is a rare benign skin adnexal tumor originating from eccrine sweat glands. The features of ES on ultrasonography (US) have received little attention. Therefore, we report the sonographic findings in a case of an ES that originated from the abdominal wall and discuss the previously reported cases. PATIENT CONCERNS: A 53-year-old woman was admitted to our hospital with a complaint of a painful nodule on the right side of her abdominal wall of 1-year duration. DIAGNOSES: The mass on the right side of abdominal wall was diagnosed as ES by histopathological examination. INTERVENTIONS: The patient subsequently underwent total excision of the mass. OUTCOMES: The patient recovered well and had no complications during the 1-year follow-up. LESSONS: As eccrine spiradenoma (ES) is rare and most of the tumors are excised without prior imaging studies. Little is known regarding the features of ES on ultrasonography (US). Familiarizing with the clinical and US features of this rare tumor may increase awareness of the disease among sonographers and clinicians.


Assuntos
Acrospiroma/diagnóstico por imagem , Neoplasias das Glândulas Sudoríparas/diagnóstico por imagem , Ultrassonografia Doppler em Cores , Feminino , Humanos , Pessoa de Meia-Idade
18.
Aging (Albany NY) ; 13(7): 9592-9612, 2021 03 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33742605

RESUMO

circRNAs are present in human ovarian tissue, but how they regulate ovarian function remains unknown. In the current study, we investigated the levels of circRNAs in granulosa cells (GCs) derived from human follicular fluid, explored their correlation with female ovarian reserve function and clinical outcomes of assisted reproduction technique (ART), and investigated their effects on the biological functions of GC cell lines (COV434) in vitro. We identified that the levels of circDDX10 in GCs decreased gradually with aging (P < 0.01) and was positively correlated with AMH (r = 0.45, P < 0.01) and AFC (r = 0.32, P < 0.01), but not with FSH and estradiol (P > 0.05). Additionally, circDDX10 was related to the number of oocytes obtained, and good quality embryo rates. Silencing circDDX10 in GCs could markedly up-regulate the expression of apoptosis-related factors, reduce cell proliferation activity, inhibit the expression of steroid hormone synthesis-related factors, and prohibit the synthesis of estradiol. On the contrary, over-expression of circDDX10 had the opposite effect. circDDX10 is expected to become a novel biomarker for predicting the outcomes of ART, and may participate in the regulation of ovarian function by affecting the proliferation and apoptosis of GCs and steroid hormone synthesis.


Assuntos
Proliferação de Células/fisiologia , RNA Helicases DEAD-box/metabolismo , Líquido Folicular/metabolismo , RNA Circular/metabolismo , Adulto , Linhagem Celular , RNA Helicases DEAD-box/genética , Estradiol/metabolismo , Feminino , Hormônio Foliculoestimulante/metabolismo , Inativação Gênica , Células da Granulosa/metabolismo , Humanos , Folículo Ovariano/metabolismo , Reserva Ovariana/fisiologia , Técnicas de Reprodução Assistida , Adulto Jovem
19.
Cardiovasc Diabetol ; 20(1): 49, 2021 02 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33608010

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Soluble suppression of tumorigenesis-2 (sST2) is implicated in myocardial overload and has long been recognized as an inflammatory marker related to heart failure and acute coronary syndrome, but data on the prognostic value of sST2 in patients with coronary artery disease (CAD) remain limited. This study sought to investigate the prognostic value of sST2 in patients with established CAD and its predictive value in CAD patients with and without type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM). METHODS: A total of 3641 consecutive patients were included in this prospective cohort study. The primary end point was major adverse cardiovascular events (MACEs). The secondary end point was all-cause death. The association between sST2 and outcomes was investigated using multivariable Cox regression. RESULTS: During a median follow-up of 6.4 years, MACEs occurred in 775 patients, and 275 patients died. Multiple Cox regression models showed that a higher level of sST2 was an independent predictor of MACEs development (HR = 1.36, 95% CI 1.17-1.56, p < 0.001) and all-cause death (HR = 2.01, 95% CI 1.56-2.59, p < 0.001). The addition of sST2 to established risk factors significantly improved risk prediction of the composite outcome of MACEs and all-cause death (C-index, net reclassification index, and integrated discrimination improvement, all p < 0.05). In subgroup analysis depending on diabetes status, the diabetes group had a significantly higher level of sST2, which remained a significant predictor of MACEs and all-cause death in patients with and without T2DM in multivariable models. The area under the curve (AUC) of CAD patients with diabetes mellitus was significantly higher than that of those without T2DM. For MACEs, the AUC was 0.737 (patients with T2DM) vs 0.620 (patients without T2DM). For all-cause death, the AUC was 0.923 (patients with T2DM) vs 0.789 (patients without T2DM). CONCLUSIONS: A higher level of sST2 is significantly associated with long-term MACEs and all-cause death in CAD patients with and without T2DM. sST2 has strong predictive value for cardiovascular adverse events in CAD patients with T2DM, and these results provide new evidence for the role of sST2.


Assuntos
Doença da Artéria Coronariana/sangue , Diabetes Mellitus Tipo 2/sangue , Proteína 1 Semelhante a Receptor de Interleucina-1/sangue , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Biomarcadores/sangue , Doença da Artéria Coronariana/diagnóstico por imagem , Doença da Artéria Coronariana/mortalidade , Doença da Artéria Coronariana/terapia , Diabetes Mellitus Tipo 2/diagnóstico , Diabetes Mellitus Tipo 2/mortalidade , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Valor Preditivo dos Testes , Prognóstico , Estudos Prospectivos , Medição de Risco , Fatores de Risco , Fatores de Tempo , Regulação para Cima
20.
Foods ; 10(2)2021 Feb 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33567698

RESUMO

Inflammatory bowel disease (IBD), a chronic, recurring inflammatory response, is a growing global public health issue. It results from the aberrant crosstalk among environmental factors, gut microbiota, the immune system, and host genetics, with microbiota serving as the core of communication for differently-sourced signals. In the susceptible host, dysbiosis, characterized by the bloom of facultative anaerobic bacteria and the decline of community diversity and balance, can trigger an aberrant immune response that leads to reduced tolerance against commensal microbiota. In IBD, such dysbiosis has been profoundly proven in animal models, as well as clinic data analysis; however, it has not yet been conclusively ascertained whether dysbiosis actually promotes the disease or is simply a consequence of the inflammatory disorder. Better insight into the complex network of interactions between food, the intestinal microbiome, and host immune response will, therefore, contribute significantly to the diagnosis, treatment, and management of IBD. In this article, we review the ways in which the mutualistic circle of dietary nutrients, gut microbiota, and the immune system becomes anomalous during the IBD process, and discuss the roles of bacterial factors in shaping the intestinal inflammatory barrier and adjusting immune capacity.

SELEÇÃO DE REFERÊNCIAS
DETALHE DA PESQUISA
...