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1.
Chemosphere ; 262: 127864, 2021 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32768751

RESUMO

Phthalate esters (PAEs) are a class of endocrine disruptors that are produced and used extensively in China. Given its presence in various products, a great quantity of PAEs flows into different aquatic systems each year. Hence, it is important to study the pollution levels and ecological risk of PAEs. This study investigated the distribution and seasonal variation of six priority PAEs in the surface water of Poyang Lake, the largest freshwater lake in China. In the wet season, the mean concentration of the total PAEs was 0.544 ± 0.173 µg/L, while the dry season concentration (1.003 ± 0.451 µg/L) nearly doubled. The most abundant PAE congeners were di-n-butyl phthalate (DBP), followed by bis (2-ethylhexyl) phthalate (DEHP). To evaluate the ecological risks in Poyang Lake, the predicted no-effect concentrations (PNECs) of four PAEs based on non-lethal effects were derived. For diethyl phthalate (DEP), butyl benzyl phthalate (BBP), DBP, and DEHP, the PNECs were 31.6, 3.30, 2.31, and 0.0210 µg/L, respectively. The tiered ecological risk assessment showed that DEP and BBP posed no risk in Poyang Lake. Meanwhile, DBP posed a potential risk in Poyang Lake, but the risk of DEHP was unacceptable and requires more actions. Specifically, the probabilities of exceeding the threshold for the protection of 95% of the aquatic organisms (HC5) were 3.30% and 4.43% for DEHP in the wet and dry season, respectively. This study provides an appropriate reference for the surface water management of PAE pollution in China.


Assuntos
Exposição Ambiental/análise , Ésteres/análise , Ácidos Ftálicos/análise , Poluentes Químicos da Água/análise , Organismos Aquáticos , China , Dibutilftalato , Disruptores Endócrinos , Lagos , Medição de Risco , Rios , Estações do Ano , Água
2.
Water Res ; 188: 116541, 2020 Oct 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33142119

RESUMO

Anaerobic digestion (AD) is an effective approach to recovering chemical (organic) energy from excess sludge, but the conversion efficiency for energy is usually not very high. One of the obstacles comes from the severe inhibition of humic acid (HA) on both hydrolytic and methanogenic process on the AD. Therefore, it is necessary to ascertain some effective approaches to relieving the inhibition of HA for obtaining a high methane (CH4) yield. With the "clean" sludge (cultured by synthetic wastewater) containing almost no HA and metal ions, the inhibition of HA on the AD process was designed by dosing HA at 15% VSS, and relieving the inhibition by metal ions was also designed by dosing the different amounts of Ca2+ and Al3+. Based on the batch AD experiments, solo Ca2+=100 mg /L or Al3+=70 mg/L added realized the highest relieved efficiency of 65%, respectively. Interestingly, dual metal ions added at the low concentrations (Ca2+=50 mg/L and Al3+=10 mg/L) could reach up to 80 % of the relieved efficiency, which was attributed to the synergistic effect of 1+1>2. The mechanisms behind the phenomena could be that metal ions might interact with HA via electrostatic force, cation exchange and sweep flocculation. Thus, some key hydrolytic and methanogenic enzymes could indirectly be reactivated and degradation of organic substances could be enhanced in the AD process. In wastewater treatment plants, metal ions contained in excess sludge would "inherently" relieve the inhibition of HA to an extent, which depends on the effective and/or optimal concentration of metal ions at a free (unabsorbed and/or unwrapped) state.

3.
Sci Rep ; 10(1): 19277, 2020 11 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33159159

RESUMO

To improve the systematics and taxonomy of Patellogastropoda within the evolution of gastropods, we determined the complete mitochondrial genome sequences of Lottia goshimai and Nipponacmea fuscoviridis in the family Lottiidae, which presented sizes of 18,192 bp and 18,720 bp, respectively. In addition to 37 common genes among metazoa, we observed duplication of the trnM gene in L. goshimai and the trnM and trnW genes in N. fuscoviridis. The highest A + T contents of the two species were found within protein-coding genes (59.95% and 54.55%), followed by rRNAs (56.50% and 52.44%) and tRNAs (56.42% and 52.41%). trnS1 and trnS2 could not form the canonical cloverleaf secondary structure due to the lack of a dihydrouracil arm in both species. The gene arrangements in all Patellogastropoda compared with those of ancestral gastropods showed different levels of gene rearrangement, including the shuffling, translocation and inversion of single genes or gene fragments. This kind of irregular rearrangement is particularly obvious in the Lottiidae family. The results of phylogenetic and gene rearrangement analyses showed that L. goshimai and Lottia digitalis clustered into one group, which in turn clustered with N. fuscoviridis in Patellogastropoda. This study demonstrates the significance of complete mitogenomes for phylogenetic analysis and enhances our understanding of the evolution of Patellogastropoda.

4.
Eur Radiol ; 2020 Nov 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33146791

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: To develop a nomogram to identify anaplastic lymphoma kinase (ALK) mutations in lung adenocarcinoma patients using clinical, CT, PET/CT, and histopathological features. METHODS: This retrospective study included 399 lung adenocarcinoma patients (129 ALK-rearranged patients and 270 ALK-negative patients) that were randomly divided into a training cohort and an internal validation cohort (4:1 ratio). Clinical factors, radiologist-defined CT features, maximum standard uptake values (SUVmax), and histopathological features were used to construct predictive models with stepwise backward-selection multivariate logistic regression (MLR). The models were then evaluated using the AUC. The integrated model was compared to the clinico-radiological model using the DeLong test to evaluate the role of histopathological features. An associated individualized nomogram was established. RESULTS: The integrated model reached an AUC of 0.918 (95% CI, 0.886-0.950), sensitivity of 0.774, and specificity of 0.934 in the training cohort and an AUC of 0.857 (95% CI, 0.777-0.937), sensitivity of 0.739, and specificity of 0.810 in the validation cohort. The MLR analysis showed that younger age, never smoker, lymph node enlargement, the presence of cavity, high SUVmax, solid or micropapillary predominant histology subtype, and local invasiveness were strong and independent predictors of ALK rearrangements. The nomogram calculated the risk of harboring ALK mutation for lung adenocarcinoma patients and exhibited a good generalization ability. CONCLUSION: Our study demonstrates that histopathological features added value to the imaging characteristics-based model. The nomogram with clinical, imaging, and histopathological features can serve as a supplementary non-invasive tool to evaluate the probability of ALK rearrangement in lung adenocarcinoma. KEY POINTS: • The developed nomogram can accurately predict the probability of lung adenocarcinoma harboring ALK-fused gene. • Pathological analysis is important to predict ALK rearrangement in lung adenocarcinoma. • Lung adenocarcinoma with lepidic predominant growth pattern and TTF-1 negativity is unlikely to have ALK rearrangement.

5.
Int Immunopharmacol ; : 107145, 2020 Nov 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33162344

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The role of plasma heat shock protein 90alpha (Hsp90α) in gastric cancers remains unclear. This study aimed to clarify the diagnostic and prognostic value of plasma Hsp90α in gastric cancer. METHODS: Data regarding 976 gastric cancer, 50 gastric inflammatory diseases, and 100 healthy controls were collected. Plasma Hsp90α levels in gastric cancer were compared to those in controls. Its correlation with tumor biomarkers and immune cells was examined. The association of plasma Hsp90α with clinical features and the diagnostic and prognostic value in gastric cancer were also determined. RESULTS: Plasma Hsp90α levels were remarkably increased in gastric cancer, compared to those in gastric inflammatory diseases and healthy controls. Moreover, plasma Hsp90α was correlated with CEA, CA125, CA153, CA199, T cells, Th/Ts ratio, and B cells. Plasma Hsp90α was also associated with the metastasis stage. Multivariate logistic regression analysis revealed that Hsp90α, B cells, and T cells were significantly associated with gastric cancer. Plasma Hsp90α has a moderate diagnostic value, which increased when combined with B cell, T cells. Finally, plasma Hsp90α was not associated with the survival of gastric cancer patients. CONCLUSION: Plasma Hsp90α was elevated in gastric cancer and correlated with tumor biomarkers and immune cells. Plasma Hsp90α was associated with the metastasis stage and had moderate diagnostic performance but little prognostic value in gastric cancer.

6.
Biotechnol Lett ; 2020 Nov 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33165673

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: Myocardial infarction (MI) is a prevalent cardiovascular puzzle and a mainspring of disease-induced mortality. We performed this investigation to detect the role of putative important miRNAs or genes in MI. RESULTS: CCL20 may be a potential therapeutic target, which was directly targeted and negatively regulated by miR-19a. CCL20 expression was significantly increased in MI tissue samples, but miR-19a was expressed at lower levels in MI. H/R treatment inhibited cell viability and induced an increase of apoptotic rate compared with Sham group. However, miR-19a mimic relieved the H/R-stimulated injury to cardiomyocytes. Protective effect of miR-19a against H/R in cardiomyocytes was reversed by CCL20 enhancement, and MAPK pathway was inactivated during this progression. CONCLUSIONS: miR-19a eliminates the H/R-induced injury in cardiomyocytes through directly targeting CCL20 and attenuating the activity of MAPK signaling pathway. These observations highlighted the therapeutic roles of miR-19a and CCL20 for MI treatment.

7.
Sci China Life Sci ; 2020 Nov 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33165811

RESUMO

Despite the use of many types of chemotherapies for pancreatic cancer, optimal efficacy has not been obtained so far. Pancreatic cancer shows a high incidence of TP53 mutations, inactivating its tumor suppressor activity. In this study, we identified sodium cantharidinate as a novel, potential anti-pancreatic cancer agent that activates p53 function. Sodium cantharidinate reduced the viability of pancreatic cancer cells, including the human primary pancreatic cancer cells, PANC-1, AsPC-1, SW1990 and BXPC-3, in a dose-dependent manner. Sodium cantharidinate induced apoptosis and DNA damage of pancreatic cancer cells. Furthermore, proteome-wide sequencing analysis detected a marked perturbation in p53 signaling pathway on PANC-1 cells upon sodium cantharidinate. Consistent with the previous results, sodium cantharidinate treatment decreased Bcl-2 and mitochondrial cytochrome-c protein expression, as well as phosphorylation of MDM2; meanwhile, it increased the levels of cleaved-caspase-3, cleaved-caspase-9, cleaved-PARP, Bax, and phosphorylated p53, thus inducing the apoptosis of pancreatic cancer cells. The p53-activating effect of sodium cantharidinate was strongly abrogated by treatment with TP53-targeting shRNA. Moreover, sodium cantharidinate inhibited neoplasm growth via the JAK2-STAT3 pathway, which was inhibited by shRNA-TP53 and triggered by combination with gemcitabine. Combination therapy indicated that sodium cantharidinate and gemcitabine synergistically reduced ex vivo and in vivo growth of pancreatic neoplasm. Further docking studies revealed the different binding fates of sodium cantharidinate to activate wild-type p53 function. Thus, sodium cantharidinate could be a potential agent with promising anti-pancreatic cancer efficacy.

8.
J Pathol ; 2020 Nov 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33159698

RESUMO

Apical microvilli of polarized epithelial cells govern the absorption of metabolites and the transport of fluid in tissues. Previously, we reported that tall and dense basal microvilli present on the endothelial cells of pancreatic cancers, a lethal malignancy with a high metabolism and unusual hypomicrovascularity, contain nutrient trafficking vesicles and glucose; their length and density were related to the glucose uptake of pancreatic cancers in a small-scale analysis. However, the implications of basal microvilli on pancreatic cancers are unknown. Here, we evaluated the clinical implications of basal microvilli in 106 pancreatic cancers. We found that basal microvilli are a dominant change in pancreatic cancers. The presence of longer and denser basal microvilli on the microvessels in pancreatic cancer tissues positively correlated with increased glucose uptake and higher metastatic (or invasive) and proliferative potentials of neoplastic cells and vice versa. Clinically, postoperative patients with longer and denser basal microvilli were more prone to unfavorable pathological characteristics and dismal prognoses. They were even more refractory to adjuvant therapy than those with shorter and thinner basal microvilli were. Our findings show that basal microvilli define the metabolic capacity and lethal phenotype of pancreatic cancers. This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved.

9.
Biomed Pharmacother ; 131: 110800, 2020 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33152953

RESUMO

The present study investigated the anti-diabetic effects of Oligostilbenes extracts (Olie) from Iris lactea Pall. var. chinensis (Fisch.) Koidz (I. lactea) and the potential mechanisms, in high-fat-diet (HFD)-induced diabetic mice and 3T3-L1 adipocytes. Olie are a group of major active extracts from I. lactea that have been used as nutraceutical because of their antioxidant activity. Six-week Olie treatment improved fasting blood glucose levels, as well as blood lipid profiles in HFD/streptozocin (STZ)-induced diabetic mice, compared with non-treated mice. Olie treatment upregulated the levels of phosphorylated of AMPK and lipolysis-related proteins, while the hepatic expression of ACC and FAS in diabetic mice was inhibited. In cultured 3T3-L1 cells, Olie (2-15 µg/mL) treatment dose-dependently suppressed the differentiation into mature adipocytes and lowered cellular lipid accumulation. Consistently, Olie reduced expression of adipogenic transcription factors including CCAAT/enhancer-binding protein ß (C/EBPß) and peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor γ (PPARγ). In addition, mitochondrial function in 3T3-L1 adipocytes was improved after Olie treatment. Taken together, our findings indicate that a lipid-lowering effect of Olie in HFD/STZ-induced diabetic mice and adipogenesis/ lipogenesis suppressing effect in 3T3-L1 cells, via regulating the expression of lipid metabolism-related proteins.

10.
Exp Biol Med (Maywood) ; : 1535370220968058, 2020 Nov 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33175608

RESUMO

Early diagnosis of active pulmonary tuberculosis (TB) is the key to controlling the disease. Host lipids are nutrient sources for the metabolism of Mycobacterium tuberculosis. In this research work, we used ultra-high-performance liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry to screen plasma lipids in TB patients, lung cancer patients, community-acquired pneumonia patients, and normal healthy controls. Principal component analysis, orthogonal partial least squares discriminant analysis, and K-means clustering algorithm analysis were used to identify lipids with differential abundance. A total of 22 differential lipids were filtered out among all subjects. The plasma phospholipid levels were decreased, while the cholesterol ester levels were increased in patients with TB. We speculate that the infection of M. tuberculosis may regulate the lipid metabolism of TB patients and may promote host-assisted bacterial degradation of phospholipids and accumulation of cholesterol esters. This may be related to the formation of lung cavities with caseous necrosis. The results of receiver operating characteristic curve analysis revealed four lipids such as phosphatidylcholine (PC, 12:0/22:2), PC (16:0/18:2), cholesteryl ester (20:3), and sphingomyelin (d18:0/18:1) as potential biomarkers for early diagnosis of TB. The diagnostic model was fitted by using logistic regression analysis and combining the above four lipids with a sensitivity of 92.9%, a specificity of 82.4%, and the area under the curve (AUC) value of 0.934 (95% CI 0.873 - 0.971). The machine learning method (10-fold cross-validation) demonstrated that the model had good accuracy (0.908 AUC, 85.3% sensitivity, and 85.9% specificity). The lipids identified in this study may serve as novel biomarkers in TB diagnosis. Our research may pave the foundation for understanding the pathogenesis of TB.

11.
J Recept Signal Transduct Res ; : 1-8, 2020 Nov 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33179980

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To investigate the regulatory effect of long non-coding RNA (lncRNA) SUMO1P3 on invasion, migration and cell cycle of gastric cancer (GC) cells through Wnt/ß-catenin signaling pathway. METHODS: Tumor tissues and adjacent normal tissues from the GC patients were collected, and human normal gastric epithelial cells GES1 and GC cells SGC-7901, MKN45, HGC-27 and AGS were selected for study. The expression of SUMO1P3 in GC tissues and cells were detected by RT-qPCR. The effects of SUMO1P3 on the proliferation, invasion and migration of SGC-7901 and MKN45 cells were detected by CCK-8, transwell and wound healing assay respectively, and the effects of SUMO1P3 on apoptosis and cycle progression of SGC-7901 and MKN45 cells were detected by flow cytometry. The expressions of Wnt/ß-catenin pathway-related and cell cycle-related proteins were detected by Western blot. RESULTS: The expression of SUMO1P3 was significantly upregulated in GC tissues and cell lines. Downregulation of SUMO1P3 significantly inhibited the SGC-7901 and MKN45 cell proliferation, invasion, migration, and cycle progression and promoted the cell apoptosis, while overexpression of SUMO1P3 showed the opposite effect. Further study showed that downregulation of SUMO1P3 significantly reduced the expressions of Wnt1, ß-catenin, c-myc, and Cyclin D1 in SGC-7901 and MKN45 cells. CONCLUSION: SUMO1P3 may promote invasion, migration, and cycle progression of SGC-7901 and MKN45 cells by enhancing the Wnt/ß-catenin pathway.

12.
Radiother Oncol ; 155: 105-112, 2020 Nov 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33144248

RESUMO

PURPOSE: This phase I trial aimed to determine the maximal tolerated dose (MTD) of incorporating a twice-weekly docetaxel and nedaplatin regimen into definitive concurrent chemoradiotherapy (CCRT) as radiosensitizers in patients with inoperable esophageal squamous cell carcinoma (ESCC). METHODS: The CCRT regimen included docetaxel (5 mg/m2, 10 mg/m2, or 15 mg/m2) and nedaplatin (5 mg/m2, 10 mg/m2, or 15 mg/m2) twice-weekly based on the traditional 3 + 3 dose escalation strategy, and radiotherapy (64 Gy in 32 fractions). The primary goals were to determine the MTD of concurrent chemotherapy and the dose limiting toxicities (DLTs). In-field objective response rate (ORR) was investigated. RESULTS: Fifteen patients had been recruited and analyzed. DLT involving persistent grade 3 esophagitis over 1 week was observed in all three patients (3/3) at dose level 3 (15 mg/m2), and two patients (2/6) experienced DLTs in the dose level 2 (10 mg/m2) due to esophageal fistula and persistent grade 3 esophagitis over 1 week, while one patient (1/6) treated at dose level 1 (5 mg/m2) exhibited DLT owing to Grade 3 increased liver enzymes, suggesting a MTD of 5 mg/m2. The in-filed ORR was both 100% in all patients and those receiving MTD. The 1-year loco-regional recurrence-free survival rate was 83.3%, 83.3% and 66.7% in dose level 1, 2, and 3, respectively. CONCLUSIONS: The MTD of twice-weekly docetaxel and nedaplatin regimen was 5 mg/m2 in inoperable ESCC patients treated with definitive CCRT. Low dose concurrent docetaxel and nedaplatin showed promising radiosensitizing effect on in-filed disease control and good tolerability.

13.
Mol Med ; 26(1): 109, 2020 Nov 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33187481

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Breast cancer (BC) is a common malignant tumor with poor prognosis. Angiogenesis is related to the growth and progression of solid tumors and associated with prognosis. ZLM-7, SP1, VEGFA and miR-212-3p were associated with BC angiogenesis and proliferation, however the detailed mechanism was not clear. This study aimed to reveal the regulatory mechanism of angiogenesis of BC. METHODS: BC cell lines were treated with 10 nM ZLM-7 for 8 h. We detected protein expression level by western blot and RNA expression level by qRT-PCR. Overexpression or inhibition of miR-212-3p is performed using miR-212-3p mimics or miR-212-3p inhibitor, Sp1 overexpression using pcDNA3.1 vector. Angiogenesis was analyzed by co-culturing BC cell lines and HUVEC cells. To evaluate regulatory relationship between miR-212-3p and Sp1, dual luciferase assay was performed. Besides, the direct interaction between Sp1 and VEGFA was analyzed by ChIP. Migration and invasion were analyzed by transwell assay and proliferation was detected by clone formation assay. In mice xenograft model developed using BC cells, we also detected angiogenesis marker CD31 through immunohistochemistry. RESULTS: ZLM-7 up-regulated miR-212-3p and inhibited invasion, migration, proliferation and angiogenesis of BC, while miR-212-3p inhibitor antagonized such effects. Binding sequence was revealed between miR-212-3p and Sp1, and expression of Sp1 was inhibited by miR-212-3p on both protein and mRNA level. Sp1 could interact with VEGFA and promoted its expression. Overexpression of miR-212-3p inhibited migration, invasion, proliferation and angiogenesis of BC cell lines, while Sp1 overexpression showed the opposite effect and could antagonize these effects of miR-212-3p overexpression. ZLM-7 decreased VEGFA expression, which was rescued by co-transfection with miR-212-3p inhibitor. Similar, ZLM-7 could inhibit tumor growth and angiogenesis through the miR-212-3p/Sp1/VEGFA axis in vivo. CONCLUSIONS: ZLM-7 could directly up-regulate miR-212-3p in BC. MiR-212-3p could inhibit VEGFA expression through Sp1, thereby inhibiting angiogenesis and progression of BC.

14.
Thromb Res ; 197: 36-43, 2020 Nov 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33166900

RESUMO

Patients with essential hypertension (EH) and hyperhomocysteinemia (HHCY) suffer from more increased thrombotic events than those in EH alone. However, the underlying mechanisms for this effect are not well understood. This study hypothesized that neutrophil extracellular trap (NET) releasing may be triggered by HHCY in patients in EH, thereby predisposing them to a more hypercoagulable state. Using a modified-capture enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) method, we observed that cell-free DNA (CF-DNA) and myeloperoxidase DNA (MPO-DNA) in patients With EH and HHCY were significantly higher. The NET formation was also positively correlated with homocysteine levels, neutrophil-lymphocyte ratio (NLR), and hypercoagulable markers (thrombin-antithrombin complex, D-dimers). Furthermore, neutrophils from patients in EH with HHCY were found to be predisposed to amplified NET release when compared to patients in EH without HHCY or CTR. Coagulation function assays showed that NETs in patients With EH and HHCY resulted in a significantly increased ability to generate thrombin and fibrin than in those in EH without HHCY or CTR. These procoagulant effects of NETs in patients With EH and HHCY were markedly inhibited (approximately 70%) by the cleavage of NETs with DNase I. Isolated NETs from patients With EH and HHCY neutrophils also exerted a strong cytotoxic effect on endothelial cells (ECs), converted them to apoptosis. This study revealed a previously unrecognized association between the hypercoagulable state and neutrophils in patients With EH and HHCY. Therefore, blocking NETs may represent a new therapeutic objective for preventing thrombosis in these patients.

15.
Radiat Oncol ; 15(1): 260, 2020 Nov 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33168045

RESUMO

PURPOSE: The gross tumor volume (GTV) could be an independent prognostic factor for unresectable locally advanced non-small cell lung cancer (LANSCLC). We aimed to develop and validate a novel integrated GTV-TNM stratification system to supplement LANSCLC sub-staging in patients treated with concurrent chemoradiotherapy (CCRT). METHODS: We performed a retrospective review of 340 patients with unresectable LANSCLC receiving definitive CCRT. All included patients were divided into two randomized cohorts. Then the Kaplan-Meier method and Cox regression were calculated to access the prognostic value of the integrated GTV-TNM stratification system, which was further validated by the area under the receiver operating characteristic curve (AUC) score and F1-score. RESULTS: The optimal outcome-based GTV cut-off values (70 and 180 cm3) of the modeling cohort were used to determine each patient's integrated GTV-TNM stratum in the whole cohort. Our results indicated that a lower integrated GTV-TNM stratum could had better overall survival and progression-free survival (all P < 0.001), which was recognized as an independent prognostic factor. Also, its prognostic value was robust in both the modeling and validation cohorts. Furthermore, the prognostic validity of the integrated GTV-TNM stratification system was validated by significantly improved AUC score (0.636 vs. 0.570, P = 0.027) and F1-score (0.655 vs. 0.615, P < 0.001), compared with TNM stage. CONCLUSIONS: We proposed a novel integrated GTV-TNM stratification system to supplement unresectable LANSCLC sub-staging due to its prognostic value independent of TNM stage and other clinical characteristics, suggesting that it could be considered in individual treatment decision-making process.

16.
Cell Oncol (Dordr) ; 2020 Nov 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33211283

RESUMO

A Correction to this paper has been published: https://doi.org/10.1007/s13402-020-00574-w.

17.
Front Immunol ; 11: 565099, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33042144

RESUMO

Objective: Monogenic autoinflammatory diseases (AIDs) are inborn disorders caused by innate immunity dysregulation and characterized by robust autoinflammation. We aimed to present the phenotypes and genotypes of Chinese pediatric monogenic AID patients. Methods: A total of 288 pediatric patients clinically suspected to have monogenic AIDs at the Department of Pediatrics of Peking Union Medical College Hospital between November 2008 and May 2019 were genotyped by Sanger sequencing, and/or gene panel sequencing and/or whole exome sequencing. Final definite diagnoses were made when the phenotypes and genotypes were mutually verified. Results: Of the 288 patients, 79 (27.4%) were diagnosed with 18 kinds of monogenic AIDs, including 33 patients with inflammasomopathies, 38 patients with non-inflammasome related conditions, and eight patients with type 1 interferonopathies. Main clinical features were skin disorders (76%), musculoskeletal problems (66%), fever (62%), growth retardation (33%), gastrointestinal tract abnormalities (25%), central nervous system abnormalities (15%), eye disorders (16%), ear problems (9%), and cardiopulmonary disorders (8%). The causative genes were ACP5, ADA2, ADAR1, IFIH1, LPIN2, MEFV, MVK, NLRC4, NLRP3, NLRP12, NOD2, PLCG2, PSMB8, PSTPIP1, TMEM173, TNFAIP3, TNFRSF1A, and TREX1. Conclusions: The present study summarized both clinical and genetic characteristics of 18 kinds of monogenic AIDs found in the largest pediatric AID center over the past decade, with fever, skin problems, and musculoskeletal system disorders being the most prevalent clinical features. Many of the mutations were newly discovered. This is by far the first and largest monogenic AID report in Chinese pediatric population and also a catalog of the phenotypic and genotypic features among these patients.

18.
Am J Emerg Med ; 2020 Jul 29.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33046296

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The use of high-flow nasal cannula (HFNC) and noninvasive ventilation (NIV) in patients with COVID-19 is debated. METHODS: This study was performed in four hospitals of China from January to March 2020. We retrospectively enrolled 23 and 13 COVID-19 patients who used HFNC and NIV as first-line therapy, respectively. RESULTS: Among the 23 patients who used HFNC as first-line therapy, 10 experienced HFNC failure and used NIV as rescue therapy. Among the 13 patients who used NIV as first-line therapy, one (8%) used HFNC as rescue therapy due to NIV intolerance. The duration of HFNC + NIV (median 7.1, IQR: 3.5-12.2 vs. 7.3, IQR: 5.3-10.0 days), intubation rate (17% vs. 15%) and mortality (4% vs. 8%) did not differ between patients who used HFNC and NIV as first-line therapy. In total cohorts, 6 (17%) patients received intubation. Time from initiation of HFNC or NIV to intubation was 8.4 days (IQR: 4.4-18.5). And the time from initiation of HFNC or NIV to termination in patients without intubation was 7.1 days (IQR: 3.9-10.3). Among all the patients, C-reactive protein was independently associated with intubation (OR = 1.04, 95% CI: 1.01-1.07). In addition, no medical staff got nosocomial infection who participated in HFNC and NIV management. CONCLUSIONS: In critically ill patients with COVID-19 who used HFNC and NIV as first-line therapy, the duration of HFNC + NIV, intubation rate and mortality did not differ between two groups. And no medical staff got nosocomial infection during this study.

19.
Inflammation ; 2020 Oct 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33026555

RESUMO

After publication of our article [1], we found that the second images in the first row in Figure 2a were inadvertently replaced with the first image in Figure 2a.

20.
Nat Prod Res ; : 1-8, 2020 Oct 27.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33107331

RESUMO

Two new polyphenols, talaversatilis A (1) and B (2), together with fifteen known compounds (3-17) were isolated from the extract of the culture broth of a soft coral-derived fungus Talaromyces sp. SCSIO 041201. The structures of these compounds were elucidated by the extensive analyses of spectroscopic data and by comparison with the reported literature. Antifouling and antibacterial activities of all purified compounds were tested and evaluated. Compounds 5 and 6 showed antifouling activity towards Bugula neritina larva, with LC50 values of 3.86 µg/mL and 3.05 µg/mL, respectively. Compounds 7, 8, 10 and 13 exhibited significant antibacterial activities against E. coli, MRSA, S. aureus and E. faecalis, with MIC values ranging from 0.45 to 15.6 µg/mL.

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