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1.
BMJ ; 366: l5016, 2019 Sep 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31511230

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To assess the effects of Helicobacter pylori treatment, vitamin supplementation, and garlic supplementation in the prevention of gastric cancer. DESIGN: Blinded randomized placebo controlled trial. SETTING: Linqu County, Shandong province, China. PARTICIPANTS: 3365 residents of a high risk region for gastric cancer. 2258 participants seropositive for antibodies to H pylori were randomly assigned to H pylori treatment, vitamin supplementation, garlic supplementation, or their placebos in a 2×2×2 factorial design, and 1107 H pylori seronegative participants were randomly assigned to vitamin supplementation, garlic supplementation, or their placebos in a 2×2 factorial design. INTERVENTIONS: H pylori treatment with amoxicillin and omeprazole for two weeks; vitamin (C, E, and selenium) and garlic (extract and oil) supplementation for 7.3 years (1995-2003). MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: Primary outcomes were cumulative incidence of gastric cancer identified through scheduled gastroscopies and active clinical follow-up through 2017, and deaths due to gastric cancer ascertained from death certificates and hospital records. Secondary outcomes were associations with other cause specific deaths, including cancers or cardiovascular disease. RESULTS: 151 incident cases of gastric cancer and 94 deaths from gastric cancer were identified during 1995-2017. A protective effect of H pylori treatment on gastric cancer incidence persisted 22 years post-intervention (odds ratio 0.48, 95% confidence interval 0.32 to 0.71). Incidence decreased significantly with vitamin supplementation but not with garlic supplementation (0.64, 0.46 to 0.91 and 0.81, 0.57 to 1.13, respectively). All three interventions showed significant reductions in gastric cancer mortality: fully adjusted hazard ratio for H pylori treatment was 0.62 (95% confidence interval 0.39 to 0.99), for vitamin supplementation was 0.48 (0.31 to 0.75), and for garlic supplementation was 0.66 (0.43 to 1.00). Effects of H pylori treatment on both gastric cancer incidence and mortality and of vitamin supplementation on gastric cancer mortality appeared early, but the effects of vitamin supplementation on gastric cancer incidence and of garlic supplementation only appeared later. No statistically significant associations were found between interventions and other cancers or cardiovascular disease. CONCLUSIONS: H pylori treatment for two weeks and vitamin or garlic supplementation for seven years were associated with a statistically significant reduced risk of death due to gastric cancer for more than 22 years. H pylori treatment and vitamin supplementation were also associated with a statistically significantly reduced incidence of gastric cancer. TRIAL REGISTRATION: ClinicalTrials.gov NCT00339768.


Assuntos
Infecções por Helicobacter/terapia , Lesões Pré-Cancerosas/terapia , Neoplasias Gástricas/epidemiologia , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Antiulcerosos/administração & dosagem , Biópsia , China/epidemiologia , Suplementos Nutricionais , Quimioterapia Combinada/métodos , Feminino , Seguimentos , Alho/química , Mucosa Gástrica/microbiologia , Mucosa Gástrica/patologia , Gastroscopia , Infecções por Helicobacter/microbiologia , Infecções por Helicobacter/patologia , Helicobacter pylori/isolamento & purificação , Humanos , Incidência , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Extratos Vegetais/administração & dosagem , Lesões Pré-Cancerosas/microbiologia , Lesões Pré-Cancerosas/patologia , Inibidores da Bomba de Prótons/administração & dosagem , Neoplasias Gástricas/patologia , Neoplasias Gástricas/prevenção & controle , Análise de Sobrevida , Taxa de Sobrevida , Fatores de Tempo , Resultado do Tratamento , Vitaminas/administração & dosagem
2.
Cancer Prev Res (Phila) ; 9(6): 484-90, 2016 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27020655

RESUMO

To explore the epigenetic mechanisms underlying the effects of anti-Helicobacter pylori (H. pylori) alone and combined with COX-2 inhibitor (celecoxib), we dynamically evaluated the associations between COX-2 methylation alterations and gastric lesion evolution during the process of interventions. In a total of 809 trial participants COX-2 methylation levels were quantitatively detected before and after treatment. The self-comparison at the same stomach site for each subject showed significant methylation alteration differences among intervention groups (P < 0.001). With placebo group as reference, COX-2 methylation levels were decreased in anti-H. pylori [OR, 3.30; 95% confidence interval (CI), 2.16-5.02], celecoxib (OR, 2.04; 95% CI, 1.36-3.07), and anti-H. pylori followed by celecoxib (OR, 2.10; 95% CI, 1.38-3.17) groups. When stratified by baseline histology, the three active arms significantly decreased COX-2 methylation levels in indefinite dysplasia/dysplasia subjects, and ORs were 3.65 (95% CI, 1.96-6.80) for anti-H. pylori, 2.43 (95% CI 1.34-4.39) for celecoxib, and 2.80 (95% CI, 1.52-5.15) for anti-H. pylori followed by celecoxib, respectively. No additive effect on COX-2 methylation was found for anti-H. pylori followed by celecoxib than two treatments alone. Compared with subjects without methylation reduction, higher opportunity for gastric lesion regression was found in subjects with decreased COX-2 methylation levels, especially for indefinite dysplasia/dysplasia subjects (OR, 1.92; 95% CI, 1.03-3.60). These findings suggest that anti-H. pylori or celecoxib treatment alone could decrease COX-2 methylation levels in gastric mucosa. COX-2 methylation alteration was associated with the regression of indefinite dysplasia/dysplasia, which might serve as a potential biomarker for chemoprevention efficacy. Cancer Prev Res; 9(6); 484-90. ©2016 AACR.


Assuntos
Antibacterianos/uso terapêutico , Grupo com Ancestrais do Continente Asiático/genética , Celecoxib/uso terapêutico , Inibidores de Ciclo-Oxigenase 2/uso terapêutico , Ciclo-Oxigenase 2/genética , Metilação de DNA/efeitos dos fármacos , Neoplasias Gástricas/genética , Adulto , Cromatografia Líquida de Alta Pressão , Feminino , Infecções por Helicobacter/tratamento farmacológico , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Reação em Cadeia da Polimerase , Neoplasias Gástricas/microbiologia , Neoplasias Gástricas/prevenção & controle
3.
BMC Cancer ; 15: 979, 2015 Dec 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-26674784

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Methylation is a common epigenetic modification which may play a crucial role in cancer development. To investigate the association between methylation of COX-2 in blood leukocyte DNA and risk of gastric cancer (GC), a nested case-control study was conducted in Linqu County, Shandong Province, a high risk area of GC in China. METHODS: Association between blood leukocyte DNA methylation of COX-2 and risk of GC was investigated in 133 GCs and 285 superficial gastritis (SG)/ chronic atrophic gastritis (CAG). The temporal trend of COX-2 methylation level during GC development was further explored in 74 pre-GC and 95 post-GC samples (including 31 cases with both pre- and post-GC samples). In addition, the association of DNA methylation and risk of progression to GC was evaluated in 74 pre-GC samples and their relevant intestinal metaplasia (IM)/dysplasia (DYS) controls. Methylation level was determined by quantitative methylation-specific PCR (QMSP). Odds ratios (ORs) and 95% confidence intervals (CIs) were calculated by unconditional logistic regression analysis. RESULTS: The medians of COX-2 methylation levels were 2.3% and 2.2% in GC cases and controls, respectively. No significant association was found between COX-2 methylation and risk of GC (OR, 1.15; 95% CI: 0.70-1.88). However, the temporal trend analysis showed that COX-2 methylation levels were elevated at 1-4 years ahead of clinical GC diagnosis compared with the year of GC diagnosis (3.0% vs. 2.2%, p=0.01). Further validation in 31 GCs with both pre- and post-GC samples indicated that COX-2 methylation levels were significantly decreased at the year of GC diagnosis compared with pre-GC samples (1.5% vs. 2.5%, p=0.02). No significant association between COX-2 methylation and risk of progression to GC was found in subjects with IM (OR, 0.50; 95% CI: 0.18-1.42) or DYS (OR, 0.70; 95% CI: 0.23-2.18). Additionally, we found that elder people had increased risk of COX-2 hypermethylation (OR, 1.55; 95% CI: 1.02-2.36) and subjects who ever infected with H. pylori had decreased risk of COX-2 hypermethylation (OR, 0.54; 95% CI: 0.34-0.88). CONCLUSIONS: COX-2 methylation exists in blood leukocyte DNA but at a low level. COX-2 methylation levels in blood leukocyte DNA may change during GC development.


Assuntos
Grupo com Ancestrais do Continente Asiático/genética , Ciclo-Oxigenase 2/genética , Leucócitos , Neoplasias Gástricas/genética , Idoso , Estudos de Casos e Controles , DNA , Metilação de DNA/genética , Feminino , Infecções por Helicobacter/complicações , Infecções por Helicobacter/epidemiologia , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Razão de Chances , Reação em Cadeia da Polimerase em Tempo Real , Fatores de Risco , Neoplasias Gástricas/sangue , Neoplasias Gástricas/enzimologia
4.
Carcinogenesis ; 36(12): 1572-9, 2015 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-26449252

RESUMO

To investigate the role of cyclooxygenase (COX)-2/prostaglandin E2 (PGE2) in the process of Helicobacter pylori-induced gastric carcinogenesis, a prospective study based on an intervention trial was conducted in Linqu County, China. A total of 1401 subjects with histopathologic diagnosis were investigated at baseline, among those, 919 completed subsequent interventions (anti-H.pylori and/or celecoxib treatment). Expressions of COX-2 and Ki-67 were assessed by immunohistochemistry, and PGE2 levels were measured by enzyme immunoassay before and after interventions, respectively. We found a grade-response relationship between COX-2 expression level and risk of advanced gastric lesions at baseline. Stratified analysis indicated an additive interaction between COX-2 expression and H.pylori infection on the elevated risk of advanced gastric lesions. The odds ratios (ORs) for both factors combined were 9.31 [95% confidence interval (CI): 4.13-20.95] for chronic atrophic gastritis, 16.26 (95% CI: 7.29-36.24) for intestinal metaplasia and 21.13 (95% CI: 7.87-56.75) for dysplasia, respectively. After interventions, COX-2 expression and Ki-67 labeling index (LI) were decreased in anti-H.pylori group (OR: 1.65, 95% CI: 1.36-1.99 for COX-2; OR: 1.78, 95% CI: 1.49-2.12 for Ki-67) or anti-H.pylori followed by celecoxib group (OR: 1.41, 95% CI: 1.17-1.70 for COX-2; OR: 1.63, 95% CI: 1.37-1.94 for Ki-67). PGE2 levels were decreased in all treatment groups. Furthermore, the regression of gastric lesions was associated with the decrease of COX-2 expression or Ki-67 LI after interventions. Our findings indicate that H.pylori-induced COX-2/PGE2 pathways play an important role on the progression of precancerous gastric lesions in a Chinese population.


Assuntos
Celecoxib/uso terapêutico , Inibidores de Ciclo-Oxigenase 2/uso terapêutico , Ciclo-Oxigenase 2/metabolismo , Infecções por Helicobacter/tratamento farmacológico , Lesões Pré-Cancerosas/tratamento farmacológico , Neoplasias Gástricas/prevenção & controle , Adulto , Amoxicilina/uso terapêutico , Antibacterianos/uso terapêutico , China , Claritromicina/uso terapêutico , Dinoprostona/metabolismo , Método Duplo-Cego , Feminino , Infecções por Helicobacter/enzimologia , Infecções por Helicobacter/microbiologia , Helicobacter pylori/imunologia , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Omeprazol/uso terapêutico , Lesões Pré-Cancerosas/enzimologia , Lesões Pré-Cancerosas/microbiologia , Estômago/enzimologia , Estômago/imunologia , Estômago/microbiologia , Neoplasias Gástricas/enzimologia , Neoplasias Gástricas/microbiologia
5.
Cancer Epidemiol Biomarkers Prev ; 23(10): 2019-26, 2014 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-25086101

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: To evaluate the relationship between methylation status of blood leukocyte DNA and risk of gastric cancer, a population-based study was conducted in Linqu County. METHODS: Methylation levels of IGFII and N33 were determined by quantitative methylation-specific PCR. The temporal trend of methylation levels during gastric cancer development was investigated in 133 gastric cancer cases from two cohorts with pre- and/or post-gastric cancer samples. As the references of pre-GCs, 204 intestinal metaplasia (IM) or dysplasia (DYS) subjects who did not progress to gastric cancer during the follow-up period were selected. Meanwhile, 285 subjects with superficial gastritis/chronic atrophic gastritis (SG/CAG) were also selected as controls. RESULTS: IGFII median methylation level was significantly higher in gastric cancer cases than those with SG/CAG (61.47% vs. 49.73%; P < 0.001). IGFII and N33 methylation levels were elevated at least 5 years ahead of clinical gastric cancer diagnosis comparing with SG/CAG (63.38% vs. 49.73% for IGFII, 9.12% vs. 5.70% for N33; all P < 0.001). Furthermore, the frequency of hypermethylated IGFII was markedly increased in IM or DYS subjects who progressed to gastric cancer in contrast to those who remained with IM and DYS, and adjusted ORs were 12.52 [95% confidence interval (CI), 3.81-41.15] for IM and 10.12 (95% CI, 2.68-38.22) for DYS. Similar results were also found for N33 in subjects with IM (OR, 3.77; 95% CI, 1.20-11.86). CONCLUSIONS: Our findings suggested that hypermethylated IGFII and N33 in blood leukocyte DNA were associated with risk of gastric cancer in a Chinese population. IMPACT: IGFII and N33 methylation status may be related to gastric carcinogenesis.


Assuntos
Grupo com Ancestrais do Continente Asiático/genética , Metilação de DNA/genética , Fator de Crescimento Insulin-Like II/genética , Proteínas de Membrana/genética , Lesões Pré-Cancerosas/genética , Neoplasias Gástricas/genética , Proteínas Supressoras de Tumor/genética , Idoso , Biomarcadores Tumorais/genética , Estudos de Coortes , Progressão da Doença , Feminino , Humanos , Leucócitos/metabolismo , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Reação em Cadeia da Polimerase , Neoplasias Gástricas/sangue
6.
J Natl Cancer Inst ; 106(7)2014 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-24925350

RESUMO

Among 2258 Helicobacter pylori-seropositive subjects randomly assigned to receive one-time H. pylori treatment with amoxicillin-omeprazole or its placebo, we evaluated the 15-year effect of treatment on gastric cancer incidence and mortality in subgroups defined by age, baseline gastric histopathology, and post-treatment infection status. We used conditional logistic and Cox regressions for covariable adjustments in incidence and mortality analyses, respectively. Treatment was associated with a statistically significant decrease in gastric cancer incidence (odds ratio = 0.36; 95% confidence interval [CI] = 0.17 to 0.79) and mortality (hazard ratio = 0.26; 95% CI = 0.09 to 0.79) at ages 55 years and older and a statistically significant decrease in incidence among those with intestinal metaplasia or dysplasia at baseline (odds ratio = 0.56; 95% CI = 0.34 to 0.91). Treatment benefits for incidence and mortality among those with and without post-treatment infection were similar. Thus H. pylori treatment can benefit older members and those with advanced baseline histopathology, and benefits are present even with post-treatment infection, suggesting treatment can benefit an entire population, not just the young or those with mild histopathology.


Assuntos
Antibacterianos/uso terapêutico , Infecções por Helicobacter/tratamento farmacológico , Helicobacter pylori/efeitos dos fármacos , Lesões Pré-Cancerosas/tratamento farmacológico , Neoplasias Gástricas/epidemiologia , Neoplasias Gástricas/prevenção & controle , Adulto , Fatores Etários , Idoso , Amoxicilina/uso terapêutico , Quimioterapia Combinada , Feminino , Seguimentos , Infecções por Helicobacter/complicações , Humanos , Incidência , Modelos Logísticos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Razão de Chances , Omeprazol/uso terapêutico , Lesões Pré-Cancerosas/microbiologia , Lesões Pré-Cancerosas/patologia , Modelos de Riscos Proporcionais , Ensaios Clínicos Controlados Aleatórios como Assunto , Neoplasias Gástricas/microbiologia , Neoplasias Gástricas/mortalidade , Resultado do Tratamento
7.
Zhonghua Bing Li Xue Za Zhi ; 42(3): 158-62, 2013 Mar.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-23769433

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To study the diagnostic value and pitfalls of ultrasound-guided core needle biopsy (CNB) of soft tissue tumors. METHODS: One hundred and six cases of CNB specimens encountered during the period from 2007 to 2012 were enrolled into the study. The pathologic diagnosis using CNB was compared with that using surgical specimens. Diagnostic accuracy was analyzed using Chi-square test, with respect to the histologic pattern (such as spindle cell and myxoid), biologic behavior (benign versus malignant) and immunohistochemical results. The 59 cases of sarcoma were subdivided into three grades according to FNCLCC grading system. RESULTS: Histologic diagnosis could be made in 84.0% (89/106) cases. Thirteen cases were non-diagnostic on CNB. There were 4 cases on CNB showing diagnostic discrepancy with surgical specimens. Four cases of "benign lesions" on CNB found to be myxoid liposarcoma and lipoma-like liposarcoma upon resection. In general, myxoid pattern (9/17) seen on CNB showed less diagnostic correlation with surgical specimens, as compared to spindle cell and other histologic patterns (P < 0.01). The rate of diagnostic correlation was 79.7% (49/59) for the 59 cases of sarcoma studied, with grade 2 and grade 3 sarcoma showing better correlation (in contrast to 7/17 for grade 1 sarcoma) (P < 0.01). Comparative analysis showed no significant difference between benign/borderline tumors and sarcomas. The application of immunohistochemical study did not result in significant improvement in diagnostic accuracy on CNB. CONCLUSIONS: Ultrasound-guided CNB is a reliable tool in pathologic diagnosis of soft tissue tumors and shows a high accuracy rate especially for high-grade sarcoma. Tumors with myxoid pattern, lipomatous tumors and grade 1 sarcomas are associated with lower diagnostic accuracy on CNB. Correlation with clinicoradiologic findings would also be helpful in diagnostic evaluation and surgical planning.


Assuntos
Biópsia com Agulha de Grande Calibre/métodos , Extremidades , Sarcoma/diagnóstico , Neoplasias de Tecidos Moles/diagnóstico , Ultrassonografia de Intervenção/métodos , Adolescente , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Erros de Diagnóstico , Feminino , Humanos , Lipossarcoma Mixoide/diagnóstico , Lipossarcoma Mixoide/diagnóstico por imagem , Lipossarcoma Mixoide/patologia , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Gradação de Tumores , Sarcoma/diagnóstico por imagem , Sarcoma/patologia , Neoplasias de Tecidos Moles/diagnóstico por imagem , Neoplasias de Tecidos Moles/patologia , Adulto Jovem
8.
PLoS One ; 8(4): e61250, 2013.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-23613822

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: MicroRNAs (miRNAs) have been implicated in various human diseases. Single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) in inflammation-related miRNA may play an important role in Helicobacter pylori (H. pylori)-induced gastric lesions. To evaluate the associations between miRNA SNPs, H. pylori and gastric lesions, a population-based study was conducted in Linqu County, China. METHODOLOGY/PRINCIPAL FINDINGS: Based on serum miRNA array conducted in this population, two SNP loci (miR-146a rs2910164: G>C and miR-27a rs895819: T>C) were determined by polymerase chain reaction-restriction fragment length polymorphism in 2,380 participants with diverse gastric lesions. Using participants with superficial gastritis and mild chronic atrophic gastritis as the reference group, we found that rs2910164 CC carriers had a significantly increased risk of intestinal metaplasia [adjusted odds ratio (OR), 1.42; 95% confidence interval (CI), 1.03-1.97] and dysplasia (OR, 1.54; 95% CI, 1.05-2.25) compared to GG carriers, whereas no significant association was observed for rs895819. Stratified analysis by H. pylori infection indicated that rs2910164 C allele was associated with an increased risk of intestinal metaplasia and dysplasia only among individuals infected with H. pylori (CC vs. GG: OR, 1.53; 95% CI, 1.12-2.08, P for trend = 0.004). Participants who simultaneously carried variant alleles and H. pylori infection were more likely to develop intestinal metaplasia and dysplasia, although the interaction between genetic variants and H. pylori infection was not significant (P for interaction = 0.35 for rs2910164 and 0.92 for rs895819). CONCLUSIONS/SIGNIFICANCE: These findings suggest that miR-146a rs2910164 polymorphism may contribute to the evolution of H. pylori-associated gastric lesions in this high-risk population.


Assuntos
Grupo com Ancestrais do Continente Asiático/genética , Infecções por Helicobacter/genética , Helicobacter pylori/fisiologia , MicroRNAs/genética , Polimorfismo de Nucleotídeo Único/genética , Neoplasias Gástricas/genética , Adulto , China , Feminino , Predisposição Genética para Doença , Humanos , Masculino , Metaplasia , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Fatores de Risco , Estômago/patologia , Neoplasias Gástricas/microbiologia
9.
Chin Med J (Engl) ; 125(17): 3104-9, 2012 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-22932189

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) often occurs in association with liver cirrhosis. A stepwise carcinogenesis for HCC has been proposed. The purpose of this study was to observe the enhancement pattern of hepatocellular nodules in cirrhotic patients using contrast-enhanced ultrasound (CEUS) and to correlate patterns of enhancement at CEUS with the diagnosis of hepatocellular nodules using pathologic correlation as the gold standard. METHODS: Ninety-three cirrhotic patients with indeterminate hepatocellular nodules at ultrasound, underwent biopsy of each indeterminate nodule. Patients with nodules found to have pathologic diagnoses of regenerative nodules (RNs), dysplastic nodules (DNs), or DNs with focus of HCC (DN-HCC), were enrolled in this study. Enhancement patterns of all nodules were examined throughout the various vascular phases of CEUS and classified into five enhancement patterns: type I, isoenhancement to hepatic parenchyma at all phases; type II, hypoenhancement in the arterial phase, and isoenhancement in the portal venous phase and late phase; type III, iso-to-hypoenhancement in arterial and portal venous phase, and hypoenhancement in the late phase (washout); type IV, slight hyperenhancement in the arterial and portal venous phase and hypoenhancement in the late phase (washout); and type V, partial hyperenhancement in the arterial phase and hypoenhancement in the late phase; and another partial iso-to-hypoenhancement in the arterial and portal venous phase and hypoenhancement in the late phase (washout). The correlation between the contrast enhancement patterns and the pathological diagnoses was analyzed by the chi-squared test. RESULTS: Totally 132 lesions were examined with CEUS in 93 patients. Pathologic diagnoses included 45 DN, 68 RN, and 19 DN-HCC. The enhancement patterns observed were as follows: type I, 49 (37.1%); type II, 27 (20.5%); type III, 28 (21.2%); type IV, 9 (6.8%); type V, 19 (14.4%). Nodules with type I enhancement showed dysplasia in 5 (10.2%) cases; nodules with type II were dysplastic in 11 (40.7%) of cases; nodules with type III enhancement pattern were dysplastic in 22 (78.6%), and those with type IV enhancement contained dysplasia in 7 (77.8%) of cases. Type V enhancement corresponded to DN-HCC in 19 (100%) of cases. CEUS enhancement pattern was correlated with likelihood of dysplasia at pathologic analysis (Trend chi-square test, P < 0.001). Pathological diagnosis was HCC in the enhanced area and hepatocyte dysplasia in the un-enhanced area in the 19 DN-HCC. CONCLUSION: Pattern of enhancement at CEUS correlates with the pathologic diagnosis of hepatocellular nodules in liver cirrhosis, and may be helpful in predicting the progress from RN to HCC nodules.


Assuntos
Carcinoma Hepatocelular/diagnóstico por imagem , Meios de Contraste , Aumento da Imagem , Cirrose Hepática/complicações , Neoplasias Hepáticas/diagnóstico por imagem , Adulto , Idoso , Carcinoma Hepatocelular/patologia , Feminino , Humanos , Neoplasias Hepáticas/patologia , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Ultrassonografia
10.
Zhonghua Bing Li Xue Za Zhi ; 41(6): 400-4, 2012 Jun.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-22932409

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To study the cytopathologic features of transbronchial needle aspiration (TBNA) samples and to evaluate the role of cytopathology in the diagnosis and staging of lung carcinomas, as compared to histopathology. METHODS: Three hundred seventy-four cytology specimens were collected by TBNA using 21-gauge needle, including 65 lung masses and 309 lymph nodes. Direct smears and liquid-based thin-layer preparations were performed for each case. The correlation between cytology and histopathologic diagnoses were analyzed. RESULTS: The sensitivity, specificity, false positive rate, false negative rate and accuracy of cytopathology in diagnosing lung carcinomas by TBNA was 95.7% (88/92) (266/278), 100% (96/96), 0 (0/96), 4.3% (12/278) and 96.8% (362/374), respectively. Overall 62.8% (167/266) of the cases were precisely typed, including 95.7% (88/92) of small cell carcinoma, 73.5% (25/34) of squamous cell carcinoma and 67.9% (53/78) of adenocarcinoma. There was no statistical difference in the diagnostic accuracy of cytopathology between lung mass aspiration and mediastinal lymph node aspiration, as well as between subcarinal lymph node aspiration and other lymph node aspiration (all P > 0.05). There was also no statistical difference in the diagnostic accuracy between direct smears and liquid-based preparations (χ(2) = 0.11, P > 0.05). CONCLUSIONS: Cytopathology of TBNA specimens is accurate and sensitive for diagnosing pulmonary carcinomas. In most cases, the lung carcinoma can be precisely typed. TBNA is useful for diagnosing and staging lung carcinomas.


Assuntos
Adenocarcinoma/patologia , Biópsia por Agulha/métodos , Carcinoma de Células Pequenas/patologia , Carcinoma de Células Escamosas/patologia , Neoplasias Pulmonares/patologia , Adenocarcinoma/diagnóstico , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Broncoscopia/métodos , Carcinoma de Células Pequenas/diagnóstico , Carcinoma de Células Escamosas/diagnóstico , Feminino , Humanos , Neoplasias Pulmonares/diagnóstico , Linfonodos/patologia , Metástase Linfática , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Estadiamento de Neoplasias , Sensibilidade e Especificidade , Adulto Jovem
11.
Zhonghua Zhong Liu Za Zhi ; 34(3): 192-5, 2012 Mar.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-22780972

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To investigate the influence of ICAM-1 469K/E gene polymorphisms on the risk of atrophic gastritis and dysplasia. METHODS: The ICAM-1 469K/E gene polymorphisms in a total of 372 subjects were detected by polymerase chain reaction-direct sequencing. All of the subjects were from Linqu County, a high risk area of gastric cancer in Shandong Province of northern China. All cases were initially diagnosed as normal or superficial gastritis at the beginning of this study. After a 5-year follow-up, the cases were subdivided into no progression group (no histological progression, n=137), progression group I (progressed to severe chronic atrophic gastritis, n=194) and progression group II (progressed to low-grade dysplasia, n=41). RESULTS: In all 372 subjects, the frequencies of KK, KE or EE genotype of ICAM-1 K469E were 50.5%, 39.2% and 10.2%, respectively. No significant differences were observed in the ICAM-1 469K/E genotype frequencies between the progression group I and no progression group (P>0.05). The frequencies of KK genotype (68.3%) were significantly higher in the progression group II than in the no progression group (49.6%, P=0.035), and also than in the progression group I (47.4%, P=0.015). An increased risk of the progressing to dysplasia from normal or superficial gastritis was found in the individuals with ICAM-1 469KK genotype [odds ratio (OR)=2.21, 95%CI, 1.10-4.42]. CONCLUSION: ICAM-1 469K/E gene polymorphisms are significantly associated with the risk of gastric low-grade dysplasia, but not related with severe chronic atrophic gastritis in a population with high risk of gastric cancer in Linqu County, Shandong Province, China.


Assuntos
Gastrite Atrófica/genética , Molécula 1 de Adesão Intercelular/genética , Polimorfismo Genético , Lesões Pré-Cancerosas/genética , Neoplasias Gástricas/genética , Adulto , Feminino , Seguimentos , Gastrite/genética , Gastrite/patologia , Gastrite Atrófica/patologia , Genótipo , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Razão de Chances , Lesões Pré-Cancerosas/patologia , Risco , Neoplasias Gástricas/patologia
12.
BMC Cancer ; 12: 316, 2012 Jul 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-22838504

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: S100A9 was originally discovered as a factor secreted by inflammatory cells. Recently, S100A9 was found to be associated with several human malignancies. The purpose of this study is to investigate S100A9 expression in gastric cancer and explore its role in cancer progression. METHODS: S100A9 expression in gastric tissue samples from 177 gastric cancer patients was assessed by immunohistochemistry. The expression of its dimerization partner S100A8 and the S100A8/A9 heterodimer were also assessed by the same method. The effect of exogenous S100A9 on motility of gastric cancer cells AGS and BGC-823 was then investigated. RESULTS: S100A9 was specifically expressed by inflammatory cells such as macrophages and neutrophils in human gastric cancer and gastritis tissues. Statistical analysis showed that a high S100A9 cell count (> = 200) per 200x magnification microscopic field in cancer tissues was predictive of early stage gastric cancer. High S100A9-positive cell count was negatively correlated with lymph node metastasis (P = 0.009) and tumor invasion (P = 0.011). S100A9 was identified as an independent prognostic predictor of overall survival of patients with gastric cancer (P = 0.04). Patients with high S100A9 cell count were with favorable prognosis (P = 0.021). Further investigation found that S100A8 distribution in human gastric cancer tissues was similar to S100A9. However, the number of S100A8-positive cells did not positively correlate with patient survival. The inflammatory cells infiltrating cancer were S100A8/A9 negative, while those in gastritis were positive. Furthermore, exogenous S100A9 protein inhibited migration and invasion of gastric cancer cells. CONCLUSIONS: Our results suggested S100A9-positive inflammatory cells in gastric cancer tissues are associated with early stage of gastric cancer and good prognosis.


Assuntos
Calgranulina B/imunologia , Neoplasias Gástricas/imunologia , Neoplasias Gástricas/patologia , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Calgranulina A/imunologia , Calgranulina A/metabolismo , Calgranulina B/genética , Calgranulina B/farmacologia , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Movimento Celular/efeitos dos fármacos , Feminino , Humanos , Inflamação/imunologia , Macrófagos/imunologia , Macrófagos/metabolismo , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Estadiamento de Neoplasias , Neutrófilos/imunologia , Neutrófilos/metabolismo , Prognóstico , Multimerização Proteica , Neoplasias Gástricas/genética , Neoplasias Gástricas/mortalidade
13.
J Surg Oncol ; 106(7): 880-6, 2012 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-22585737

RESUMO

BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Protein tyrosine kinase 7 (PTK7) plays important functions in several cancer types but its expression in gastric cancer remains unknown. This study was designed to investigate PTK7 expression in gastric cancer. METHODS: PTK7 expression was assessed by immunohistochemistry in 201 gastric cancer patients. The relationship between PTK7 expression and clinicopathological features and patients prognosis were statistically analyzed. RESULTS: PTK7 expression was detected in 56.72% (114 of 201) of gastric cancer patients. The immunostaining was predominantly localized in the cytoplasm. The statistical analyses showed that PTK7 expression was more frequently detected in patients with well-differentiated tumors (P = 0.001). Furthermore, PTK7 expression was significantly related to the favorable overall survival (OS; P = 0.012) and disease-free survival (DFS; P = 0.009). Multivariate Cox regression analyses revealed that PTK7 expression was an independent prognostic factor for both favorable OS (P = 0.028) and DFS (P = 0.012). CONCLUSION: Our findings demonstrate that PTK7 can serve as a novel prognostic biomarker for gastric cancer patients.


Assuntos
Biomarcadores Tumorais/metabolismo , Moléculas de Adesão Celular/metabolismo , Receptores Proteína Tirosina Quinases/metabolismo , Neoplasias Gástricas/metabolismo , Neoplasias Gástricas/mortalidade , Idoso , Estudos de Casos e Controles , Estudos de Coortes , Intervalo Livre de Doença , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Invasividade Neoplásica , Estadiamento de Neoplasias , Prognóstico , Neoplasias Gástricas/patologia , Taxa de Sobrevida
14.
PLoS One ; 7(3): e33608, 2012.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-22432036

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: To investigate the potential of serum miRNAs as biomarkers for early detection of gastric cancer (GC), a population-based study was conducted in Linqu, a high-risk area of GC in China. METHODOLOGY/PRINCIPAL FINDINGS: All subjects were selected from two large cohort studies. Differential miRNAs were identified in serum pools of GC and control using TaqMan low density array, and validated in individual from 82 pairs of GC and control, and 46 pairs of dysplasia and control by real-time quantitative reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction. The temporal trends of identified serum miRNA expression were further explored in a retrospective study on 58 GC patients who had at least one pre-GC diagnosis serum sample based on the long-term follow-up population. The miRNA profiling results demonstrated that 16 miRNAs were markedly upregulated in GC patients compared to controls. Further validation identified a panel of three serum miRNAs (miR-221, miR-744, and miR-376c) as potential biomarkers for GC detection, and receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve-based risk assessment analysis revealed that this panel could distinguish GCs from controls with 82.4% sensitivity and 58.8% specificity. MiR-221 and miR-376c demonstrated significantly positive correlation with poor differentiation of GC, and miR-221 displayed higher level in dysplasia than in control. Furthermore, the retrospective study revealed an increasing trend of these three miRNA levels during GC development (P for trend<0.05), and this panel could classify serum samples collected up to 5 years ahead of clinical GC diagnosis with 79.3% overall accuracy. CONCLUSIONS/SIGNIFICANCE: These data suggest that serum miR-221, miR-376c and miR-744 have strong potential as novel non-invasive biomarkers for early detection of GC.


Assuntos
Biomarcadores Tumorais/sangue , Biomarcadores Tumorais/genética , Detecção Precoce de Câncer , MicroRNAs/sangue , MicroRNAs/genética , Neoplasias Gástricas/sangue , Neoplasias Gástricas/genética , Adulto , Estudos de Casos e Controles , Feminino , Perfilação da Expressão Gênica , Regulação Neoplásica da Expressão Gênica , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Gradação de Tumores , Curva ROC , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes , Estudos Retrospectivos , Medição de Risco , Neoplasias Gástricas/patologia , Fatores de Tempo
15.
World J Gastroenterol ; 18(4): 368-74, 2012 Jan 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-22294843

RESUMO

AIM: To investigate the association between single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) in intercellular adhesion molecule-1 (ICAM-1) and the risk, biological behavior and prognosis of gastric cancer (GC) in Chinese population. METHODS: The study group consisted of 332 GC patients and 380 healthy controls. Genotyping was performed using polymerase chain reaction and the results were confirmed by sequencing. The association of ICAM-1 K469E polymorphisms and the risk of GC were studied, and the correlation of ICAM-1 K469E polymorphisms with the clinicopathological parameters and prognosis of the patients with complete clinical and follow-up data was analyzed. RESULTS: Carriers of AA genotype had a significantly increased risk of GC compared with carriers of AG and GG genotypes [odds ratios: 1.36; 95% confidence interval (CI): 1.01-1.84; P = 0.041]. GC patients with AA genotype were more prone to distant metastasis than those carrying AG and GG genotypes (18.9% vs 7.0%, respectively; P = 0.002). In addition, patients at stage IV had significantly more carriers of AA genotype than those of AG and GG genotype (27.4% vs 16.9%, respectively; P = 0.046). Follow-up study showed that the overall cumulative survival rate was 23.7% in AA genotype group and 42.9% in AG and GG genotypes group. In univariate analysis, AA genotype was correlated with the overall cumulative survival (P = 0.034). But in multivariate analysis, ICAM-1 polymorphism was not an independent prognostic factor for the overall survival (relative risk, 1.145; 95% CI: 0.851-1.540; P = 0.370). CONCLUSION: Polymorphisms of ICAM-1 K469E can be a useful biomarker for identifying individuals with higher risk of GC, predicting disease progression, and guiding individualized treatment.


Assuntos
Predisposição Genética para Doença , Molécula 1 de Adesão Intercelular/genética , Polimorfismo de Nucleotídeo Único , Neoplasias Gástricas/genética , Grupo com Ancestrais do Continente Asiático/genética , Sequência de Bases , Biomarcadores Tumorais/genética , Progressão da Doença , Feminino , Genótipo , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Prognóstico , Neoplasias Gástricas/diagnóstico , Neoplasias Gástricas/patologia , Neoplasias Gástricas/fisiopatologia
16.
J Natl Cancer Inst ; 104(6): 488-92, 2012 Mar 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-22271764

RESUMO

In the Shandong Intervention Trial, 2 weeks of antibiotic treatment for Helicobacter pylori reduced the prevalence of precancerous gastric lesions, whereas 7.3 years of oral supplementation with garlic extract and oil (garlic treatment) or vitamin C, vitamin E, and selenium (vitamin treatment) did not. Here we report 14.7-year follow-up for gastric cancer incidence and cause-specific mortality among 3365 randomly assigned subjects in this masked factorial placebo-controlled trial. Conditional logistic regression was used to estimate the odds of gastric cancer incidence, and the Cox proportional hazards model was used to estimate the relative hazard of cause-specific mortality. All statistical tests were two-sided. Gastric cancer was diagnosed in 3.0% of subjects who received H pylori treatment and in 4.6% of those who received placebo (odds ratio = 0.61, 95% confidence interval = 0.38 to 0.96, P = .032). Gastric cancer deaths occurred among 1.5% of subjects assigned H pylori treatment and among 2.1% of those assigned placebo (hazard ratio [HR] of death = 0.67, 95% CI = 0.36 to 1.28). Garlic and vitamin treatments were associated with non-statistically significant reductions in gastric cancer incidence and mortality. Vitamin treatment was associated with statistically significantly fewer deaths from gastric or esophageal cancer, a secondary endpoint (HR = 0.51, 95% CI = 0.30 to 0.87; P = .014).


Assuntos
Amoxicilina/uso terapêutico , Antibacterianos/uso terapêutico , Alho , Fármacos Gastrointestinais/uso terapêutico , Infecções por Helicobacter/tratamento farmacológico , Helicobacter pylori/efeitos dos fármacos , Omeprazol/uso terapêutico , Neoplasias Gástricas/epidemiologia , Neoplasias Gástricas/prevenção & controle , Vitaminas/farmacologia , Adulto , Idoso , Ácido Ascórbico/farmacologia , China/epidemiologia , Suplementos Nutricionais , Análise Fatorial , Feminino , Seguimentos , Infecções por Helicobacter/epidemiologia , Humanos , Incidência , Modelos Logísticos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Razão de Chances , Lesões Pré-Cancerosas/epidemiologia , Lesões Pré-Cancerosas/microbiologia , Lesões Pré-Cancerosas/prevenção & controle , Modelos de Riscos Proporcionais , Neoplasias Gástricas/microbiologia , Neoplasias Gástricas/mortalidade , Vitamina E/farmacologia , Vitaminas/administração & dosagem
17.
Gut ; 61(6): 812-8, 2012 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-21917649

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: Helicobacter pylori infection and overexpression of cyclo-oxygenase-2 (COX-2) are associated with gastric cancer and its precursors. To evaluate the effect of a selective COX-2 inhibitor alone and combined with H pylori eradication on the evolution of precancerous gastric lesions, a randomised, placebo-controlled trial was conducted in Linqu County, Shandong Province, China. METHODS: A total of 1024 participants aged 35-64 years with H pylori infection and advanced gastric lesions were randomly assigned in a factorial design to two interventions or placebo: anti-H pylori treatment for 7 days, and a COX-2 inhibitor (celecoxib) for 24 months. The effects of the interventions were evaluated by the regression or progression of advanced gastric lesions. RESULTS: Of the 1024 participants who received anti-H pylori treatment or placebo, 919 completed a subsequent 24-month treatment with celecoxib or placebo. The H pylori eradication rate by per-protocol analysis was 78.2%. Compared with placebo, the proportions of regression of gastric lesions significantly increased in the celecoxib treatment (52.8% vs 41.2%) and anti-H pylori treatment (59.3% vs 41.2%) group, and OR by per-protocol analysis was 1.72 (95% CI 1.07 to 2.76) for celecoxib and 2.19 (95% CI 1.32 to 3.64) for H pylori eradication. No statistically significant effect was found for H pylori eradication followed by celecoxib on the regression of advanced gastric lesions (OR 1.48, 95% CI 0.91 to 2.40). CONCLUSION: This population-based intervention trial revealed that celecoxib treatment or H pylori eradication alone had beneficial effects on the regression of advanced gastric lesions. No favourable effects were seen for H pylori eradication followed by celecoxib treatment. Trial registration HARECCTR0500053 in accordance with WHO ICTRP requirements.


Assuntos
Antibacterianos/uso terapêutico , Inibidores de Ciclo-Oxigenase 2/uso terapêutico , Infecções por Helicobacter/tratamento farmacológico , Helicobacter pylori , Lesões Pré-Cancerosas/etiologia , Pirazóis/uso terapêutico , Neoplasias Gástricas/etiologia , Sulfonamidas/uso terapêutico , Adulto , Amoxicilina/administração & dosagem , Amoxicilina/uso terapêutico , Antibacterianos/administração & dosagem , Celecoxib , Claritromicina/administração & dosagem , Claritromicina/uso terapêutico , Método Duplo-Cego , Quimioterapia Combinada , Feminino , Infecções por Helicobacter/complicações , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Omeprazol/administração & dosagem , Omeprazol/uso terapêutico , Lesões Pré-Cancerosas/patologia , Lesões Pré-Cancerosas/prevenção & controle , Estômago/patologia , Neoplasias Gástricas/patologia , Neoplasias Gástricas/prevenção & controle
18.
J Surg Oncol ; 105(8): 793-9, 2012 Jun 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-22189752

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Although the role of peri-operative chemotherapy is established in the treatment of locally advanced gastric cancer, the optimal regime remains to be determined. FOLFOX has been used in palliative setting with good response rates but its role in a neoadjuvant setting is not well established. METHODS: This is a prospective non-randomized study comparing peri-operative FOLFOX versus adjuvant FOLFOX in patients with resectable locally advanced gastric cancer. Response to chemotherapy was assessed according to WHO criteria and pathological changes. Kaplan-Meier log rank test was used to calculate and compare survival differences. RESULTS: There were 73 patients (neoadjuvant = 36). Complete and partial response was observed in 2 (6%) and 21 (64%) patients, respectively. Four-year overall survival (OS) in the neoadjuvant arm was 78% versus 51% in the adjuvant arm (P = 0.031). Subgroup analysis found R0 resection (86% vs. 55%, P = 0.011) and patients with proximal cancers (87% vs. 14%, P < 0.001) to have improved OS. The most common side effect was grade 1-2 leukopenia. There were no grade 3 neuropathies, grade 4 cytopaenias, or treatment related deaths. CONCLUSION: Peri-operative treatment with FOLFOX shows promise in patients with resectable locally advanced gastric cancer. It warrants further evaluation and should be considered an alternative to peri-operative ECF.


Assuntos
Adenocarcinoma/tratamento farmacológico , Protocolos de Quimioterapia Combinada Antineoplásica/uso terapêutico , Terapia Neoadjuvante , Neoplasias Gástricas/tratamento farmacológico , Adenocarcinoma/mortalidade , Adenocarcinoma/patologia , Adulto , Idoso , Feminino , Fluoruracila/administração & dosagem , Seguimentos , Humanos , Leucovorina/administração & dosagem , Metástase Linfática , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Estadiamento de Neoplasias , Compostos Organoplatínicos/administração & dosagem , Oxaliplatina , Prognóstico , Estudos Prospectivos , Neoplasias Gástricas/mortalidade , Neoplasias Gástricas/patologia , Taxa de Sobrevida
19.
Chin J Cancer Res ; 24(1): 18-22, 2012 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-23359758

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To investigate the value of c-Met in predicting progression of precancerous gastric lesions. METHODS: A population-based study was conducted to detect the overexpression of c-Met by immunohisto- chemical analysis in 124 subjects with precancerous gastric lesions. Odds ratio (OR) and 95% confidence interval (95% CI) were calculated for the association of c-Met overexpression with the risk of advanced gastric lesions. RESULTS: The positive rates of c-Met were 55.7% in intestinal metaplasia (IM) and 64.8% in dysplasia (DYS), respectively. Stratified analysis indicated that the proportion of c-Met overexpression was 71.4% for IM progressive group, significantly higher than that for IM persistent group (40.0%, P<0.05). Compared to the IM persistent group, unconditional logistic regression showed that OR of c-Met overexpression for the IM progressive group was 7.416 (95% CI: 2.084-26.398). CONCLUSION: c-Met plays an important role in gastric carcinogenesis. Detection of c-Met is of value in predicting progression of precancerous gastric lesions from IM to DYS.

20.
Zhonghua Yu Fang Yi Xue Za Zhi ; 45(7): 588-92, 2011 Jul.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-22041559

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To explore the relationship between the polymorphisms of Toll-like receptor 2 (TLR2) and TLR9 and the susceptibility to gastric cancer. METHODS: A population-based case-control study was conducted at Linqu county, Shandong province, China, including a total of 248 cases of gastric cancer. Another total of 496 age and sex-matched controls were randomly selected from the same cohorts. TLR2 rs3804099 and TLR9 rs187084 were detected by polymerase chain reaction-restriction fragment length polymorphism method. Odds ratios (ORs) and 95% confidence interval (CI) were computed from logistic regression models after adjusting for age, sex, Helicobacter pylori (H. pylori) infection and smoking status. RESULTS: The frequencies of TT, TC and CC genotype on TLR2 rs3804099 in control group were 43.5% (216/496), 46.6% (231/496) and 9.9% (49/496), respectively; whereas those in case group were 53.2% (132/248), 39.9% (99/248) and 6.9% (17/248), respectively. Significant differences in the frequencies of TLR2 rs3804099 were found between case and control groups (χ(2) = 6.665, P = 0.036). It was found that compared with the TT genotype, TC + CC genotype carriers obviously less susceptible to gastric cancer (OR = 0.68, 95%CI: 0.50 - 0.93). Joint effects analysis indicated that the TLR2 rs3804099 TT genotype carriers and H.pylori infectors had higher susceptibility to gastric cancer(OR = 3.42, 95%CI: 2.16 - 5.42), compared with TC + CC genotype carriers and non-H.pylori infection group. The frequencies of TT, TC and CC genotype on TLR9 rs187084 in control group were 33.3% (165/496), 49.0% (243/496) and 17.7% (88/496), respectively; whereas those in case group were 35.9% (89/248), 50.0% (124/248) and 14.1% (35/248), respectively. No significant association with gastric cancer was observed for TLR9 rs187084 polymorphism (χ(2) = 1.684, P = 0.431). CONCLUSION: Our findings indicate that TLR2 rs3804099 is closely associated with susceptibility to gastric cancer.


Assuntos
Predisposição Genética para Doença , Neoplasias Gástricas/genética , Receptor 2 Toll-Like/genética , Receptor Toll-Like 9/genética , Estudos de Casos e Controles , China/epidemiologia , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Polimorfismo Genético , Neoplasias Gástricas/epidemiologia
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