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1.
Front Cell Dev Biol ; 10: 908126, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36092718

RESUMO

Background: In cardiac muscle, the ubiquitously expressed proteoglycan syndecan-4 is involved in the hypertrophic response to pressure overload. Protein kinase Akt signaling, which is known to regulate hypertrophy, has been found to be reduced in the cardiac muscle of exercised male syndecan-4-/- mice. In contrast, we have recently found that pSer473-Akt signaling is elevated in the skeletal muscle (tibialis anterior, TA) of female syndecan-4-/- mice. To determine if the differences seen in Akt signaling are sex specific, we have presently investigated Akt signaling in the cardiac muscle of sedentary and exercised female syndecan-4-/- mice. To get deeper insight into the female syndecan-4-/- heart, alterations in cardiomyocyte size, a wide variety of different extracellular matrix components, well-known syndecan-4 binding partners and associated signaling pathways have also been investigated. Methods: Left ventricles (LVs) from sedentary and exercise trained female syndecan-4-/- and WT mice were analyzed by immunoblotting and real-time PCR. Cardiomyocyte size and phosphorylated Ser473-Akt were analyzed in isolated adult cardiomyocytes from female syndecan-4-/- and WT mice by confocal imaging. LV and skeletal muscle (TA) from sedentary male syndecan-4-/- and WT mice were immunoblotted with Akt antibodies for comparison. Glucose levels were measured by a glucometer, and fasting blood serum insulin and C-peptide levels were measured by ELISA. Results: Compared to female WT hearts, sedentary female syndecan-4-/- LV cardiomyocytes were smaller and hearts had higher levels of pSer473-Akt and its downstream target pSer9-GSK-3ß. The pSer473-Akt inhibitory phosphatase PHLPP1/SCOP was lowered, which may be in response to the elevated serum insulin levels found in the female syndecan-4-/- mice. We also observed lowered levels of pThr308-Akt/Akt and GLUT4 in the female syndecan-4-/- heart and an increased LRP6 level after exercise. Otherwise, few alterations were found. The pThr308-Akt and pSer473-Akt levels were unaltered in the cardiac and skeletal muscles of sedentary male syndecan-4-/- mice. Conclusion: Our data indicate smaller cardiomyocytes, an elevated insulin/pSer473-Akt/pSer9-GSK-3ß signaling pathway, and lowered SCOP, pThr308-Akt/Akt and GLUT4 levels in the female syndecan-4-/- heart. In contrast, cardiomyocyte size, and Akt signaling were unaltered in both cardiac and skeletal muscles from male syndecan-4-/- mice, suggesting important sex differences.

2.
Front Aging Neurosci ; 14: 910988, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36092814

RESUMO

Microglia cells are the macrophage population within the central nervous system, which acts as the first line of the immune defense. These cells present a high level of heterogeneity among different brain regions regarding morphology, cell density, transcriptomes, and expression of different inflammatory mediators. This region-specific heterogeneity may lead to different neuroinflammatory responses, influencing the regional involvement in several neurodegenerative diseases. In this study, we aimed to evaluate microglial response in 16 brain regions. We compared different aspects of the microglial response, such as the extension of their morphological changes, sensitivity, and ability to convert an acute inflammatory response to a chronic one. Then, we investigated the synaptic alterations followed by acute and chronic inflammation in substantia nigra. Moreover, we estimated the effect of partial ablation of fractalkine CX3C receptor 1 (CX3CR1) on microglial response. In the end, we briefly investigated astrocytic heterogeneity and activation. To evaluate microglial response in different brain regions and under the same stimulus, we induced a systemic inflammatory reaction through a single intraperitoneal (i.p.) injection of lipopolysaccharides (LPS). We performed our study using C57BL6 and CX3CR1+/GFP mice to investigate microglial response in different regions and the impact of CX3CR1 partial ablation. We conducted a topographic study quantifying microglia alterations in 16 brain regions through immunohistochemical examination and computational image analysis. Assessing Iba1-immunopositive profiles and the density of the microglia cells, we have observed significant differences in region-specific responses of microglia populations in all parameters considered. Our results underline the peculiar microglial inflammation in the substantia nigra pars reticulata (SNpr). Here and in concomitance with the acute inflammatory response, we observed a transient decrease of dopaminergic dendrites and an alteration of the striato-nigral projections. Additionally, we found a significant decrease in microglia response and the absence of chronic inflammation in CX3CR1+/GFP mice compared to the wild-type ones, suggesting the CX3C axis as a possible pharmacological target against neuroinflammation induced by an increase of systemic tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNFα) or/and LPS. Finally, we investigated astrocytic heterogeneity in this model. We observed different distribution and morphology of GFAP-positive astrocytes, a heterogeneous response under inflammatory conditions, and a decrease in their activation in CX3CR1 partially ablated mice compared with C57BL6 mice. Altogether, our data confirm that microglia and astrocytes heterogeneity lead to a region-specific inflammatory response in presence of a systemic TNFα or/and LPS treatment.

3.
Chem Sci ; 13(32): 9373-9380, 2022 Aug 17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36092996

RESUMO

Luminogens characteristic of aggregation-induced emission (AIEgens) have been extensively exploited for the development of imaging-guided photodynamic therapeutic (PDT) agents. However, intramolecular rotation of donor-acceptor (D-A) type AIEgens favors non-radiative decay of photonic energy which results in unsatisfactory fluorescence quantum and singlet oxygen yields. To address this issue, we developed several molecularly engineered AIEgens with partially "locked" molecular structures enhancing both fluorescence emission and the production of triplet excitons. A triphenylphosphine group was introduced to form a D-A conjugate, improving water solubility and the capacity for mitochondrial localization of the resulting probes. Experimental and theoretical analyses suggest that the much higher quantum and singlet oxygen yield of a structurally "significantly-locked" probe (LOCK-2) than its "partially locked" (LOCK-1) and "unlocked" equivalent (LOCK-0) is a result of suppressed AIE and twisted intramolecular charge transfer. LOCK-2 was also used for the mitochondrial-targeting, fluorescence image-guided PDT of liver cancer cells.

4.
Biomol Ther (Seoul) ; 2022 Sep 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36097885

RESUMO

Aristolochic acid (AA), extracted from Aristolochiaceae plants, plays an essential role in traditional herbal medicines and is used for different diseases. However, AA has been found to be nephrotoxic and is known to cause aristolochic acid nephropathy (AAN). AA-induced acute kidney injury (AKI) is a syndrome in AAN with a high morbidity that manifests mitochondrial damage as a key part of its pathological progression. Melatonin primarily serves as a mitochondria-targeted antioxidant. However, its mitochondrial protective role in AA-induced AKI is barely reported. In this study, mice were administrated 2.5 mg/kg AA to induce AKI. Melatonin reduced the increase in Upro and Scr and attenuated the necrosis and atrophy of renal proximal tubules in mice exposed to AA. Melatonin suppressed ROS generation, MDA levels and iNOS expression and increased SOD activities in vivo and in vitro. Intriguingly, the in vivo study revealed that melatonin decreased mitochondrial fragmentation in renal proximal tubular cells and increased ATP levels in kidney tissues in response to AA. In vitro, melatonin restored the mitochondrial membrane potential (MMP) in NRK-52E and HK-2 cells and led to an elevation in ATP levels. Confocal immunofluorescence data showed that puncta containing Mito-tracker and GFP-LC3A/B were reduced, thereby impeding the mitophagy of tubular epithelial cells. Furthermore, melatonin decreased LC3A/B-II expression and increased p62 expression. The apoptosis of tubular epithelial cells induced by AA was decreased. Therefore, our findings revealed that melatonin could prevent AA-induced AKI by attenuating mitochondrial damage, which may provide a potential therapeutic method for renal AA toxicity.

5.
J Clin Lab Anal ; : e24660, 2022 Sep 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36099005

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: To evaluate the accuracy and feasibility of noninvasive prenatal testing (NIPT) according to the results of NIPT and pregnancy outcomes with different indications. METHODS: Between October 2014 and December 2020, 20,626 pregnant women who received NIPT were included in this study. The positive predictive value (PPV) of trisomy 21, 18, and 13 (T21, T18, T13), sex chromosome abnormalities (SCAs), other chromosomal aneuploidies, and chromosomal microdeletion/microduplication were calculated. The positive results of NIPT were confirmed by amniocentesis, Karyotype analysis, and chromosome microarray analysis (CMA). RESULTS: In total, 263 positive cases (263/20,626, 1.28%) were detected by NIPT, of which T21, T18, and T13 were 69, 26, and 9 cases, respectively. Sex chromosome abnormalities (SCAs), other chromosomal aneuploidies, and copy number variants (CNVs) were 69, 12, and 38 cases, respectively. There were true positive in 49 of T21, 13 of T18, 1 of T13, 32 of SCAs, 1 of other chromosomal aneuploidies, and 15 of CNVs. The NIPT sensitivity of T21, T18, T13, SCAs, other chromosomal aneuploidies, and CNVs was all 100%, the specialty was 99.90%, 99.94%, 99.96%, 99.82%, 99.95%, 99.89%, and the PPV was 71.01%, 50.00%, 11.11%, 46.38%, 8.33%, 39.47%, respectively. The PPV was high in T21, moderate in T18 and SCAs, and low in T13 and other chromosomal abnormalities. CONCLUSION: NIPT has high accuracy, specificity and and can effectively avoid the occurrence of birth defects, but it cannot replace prenatal diagnosis. The accuracy, specificity, and sensitivity of NIPT in detecting sex chromosomes, chromosome microdeletion/microduplication, and other chromosomal abnormalities should be improved.

6.
J Colloid Interface Sci ; 629(Pt A): 399-408, 2022 Aug 27.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36088689

RESUMO

In vitro or in vivo fluorescence imaging based on quantum dots (QDs) has shown promise for the noninvasive diagnosis of atherosclerosis. However, simultaneous in vitro and in vivo imaging remains challenging due to the limitation of the current synthesis method of dual-emission QDs (dual-emitting hybrid QDs, and broad-spectrum emitting QDs). Herein, we fabricate a dual-emission (visible region and near-infrared region emission) QDs (ZAISe/ZnS) via the "bottom to up" method of a quaternary inorganic compound for the foam cells and atherosclerosis plaque imaging simultaneously without the intricate size modulation and the strict optical filter requirements. The oil-soluble ZAISe/ZnS is further encapsulated with bovine serum albumin (BSA) to realize phase transfer and ultimately possess the inflammation-targeting properties via biomimetic treatment with MMV (macrophage-derived micro-vesicle). The results first indicate that the as-constructed ZAISe/ZnS@BSA@MMV could accurately locate the foam cells and conduct long-term imaging of the atherosclerotic plaque, which provides a new strategy for the early and noninvasive diagnosis of atherosclerosis.

7.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 101(35): e30233, 2022 Sep 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36107521

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Subcutaneous panniculitis-like T-cell lymphoma(SPTCL) is a very rare cytotoxic T-cell skin lymphoma involving subcutaneous tissue, and mainly affects young females. T-cell phenotype is characterized by CD3+, CD8+, and CD4-. SPTCT with polycranial neuropathy has rarely been described. SPTCL is believed to show an indolent clinical course unless patients develop haemophagocytic syndrome or sudden respiratory failure. Its treatment has not been established yet. CASE PRESENTATION: We report a case of intractable SPTCT in a 66-year-old woman with multiple cranial nerve palsies and diabetes. She showed involvement of the bilateral facial nerve, left trigeminal nerve, left auditory nerve, and right oculomotor nerve. The single inconspicuous skin lesion in the trunk presented with an erythematous nodule with a diameter of <5 cm and a slightly pink infiltrated plaque. Electromyography revealed bilateral damage to the facial nerve. Differential immunohistochemical characteristics were observed. Immunohistochemistry demonstrated diffuse CD20 positivity. Cerebral spinal fluid analysis revealed elevated protein levels of 0.92 (0.15-0.45) g/L. Her condition regressed severely over time. She was treated with chemotherapy but died 10 months later, the probable cause of death was lung involvement. CONCLUSION: The patient's involvement with the central nervous system may be associated with positivity for CD20. Molecular biomarkers may act as therapeutic targets for SPTCL.


Assuntos
Linfoma Cutâneo de Células T , Linfoma de Células T , Paniculite , Doenças do Sistema Nervoso Periférico , Neoplasias Cutâneas , Feminino , Humanos , Linfoma de Células T/complicações , Linfoma de Células T/diagnóstico , Linfoma de Células T/tratamento farmacológico , Linfoma Cutâneo de Células T/tratamento farmacológico , Paniculite/diagnóstico , Paniculite/tratamento farmacológico , Paniculite/etiologia , Doenças do Sistema Nervoso Periférico/diagnóstico , Doenças do Sistema Nervoso Periférico/etiologia , Neoplasias Cutâneas/patologia
8.
Sci Rep ; 12(1): 15527, 2022 Sep 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36109534

RESUMO

Epidemiological studies have suggested that cold is an important contributor to acute cardiovascular events and mortality. However, little is known about the Diurnal Temperature Range (DTR) impact on mortality of the patients with myocardial infarction. Calcium ions (Ca2+) play a vital role in the human body, such as cardiac electrophysiology and contraction. To investigate whether DTR on admission moderates the association between serum calcium and in-hospital mortality in patients with acute myocardial infarction (AMI). This retrospective study enrolled consecutive adult patients with AMI at a single center in China (2003-2012). Patients were divided into four groups (Ca-Q1-4) according to serum calcium concentration quartiles. Multivariate logistic regression modeling was used to assess whether DTR moderated the association between serum calcium and in-hospital mortality. The predictive value of serum calcium was evaluated by receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve and net reclassification improvement (NRI) analyses. The study included 3780 patients. In-hospital mortality was 4.97% (188/3780). DTR moderated the association between serum calcium and in-hospital mortality (P-interaction = 0.020). Patients with low serum calcium in the highest DTR quartile exhibited an increased risk of in-hospital mortality (odds ratio for Ca-Q4 vs. Ca-Q1, 0.03; 95% confidence interval [95% CI], 0.01-0.20). In the highest DTR quartile, adding serum calcium concentration to the risk factor model increased the area under the ROC curve (0.81 vs. 0.76; P < 0.001) and increased NRI by 20.2% (95% CI 7.5-32.9; P = 0.001). Low serum calcium was an independent risk factor for in-hospital mortality in patients with AMI, and this association was moderated by DTR. Careful attention should be paid to patients with low serum calcium who experience a higher DTR on admission.


Assuntos
Cálcio , Infarto do Miocárdio , Adulto , Atenção , Cálcio na Dieta , Mortalidade Hospitalar , Humanos , Estudos Retrospectivos , Temperatura
9.
Zhongguo Dang Dai Er Ke Za Zhi ; 24(9): 1014-1019, 2022.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36111720

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: To study the value of serum heparin-binding protein (HBP) in the early diagnosis of severe adenovirus pneumonia in children. METHODS: A total of 80 children who were admitted to the Department of Pediatrics, Changsha Central Hospital Affiliated to University of South China, from February 2019 to August 2021 and were diagnosed with adenovirus pneumonia were enrolled as subjects. According to the diagnostic criteria for severe pneumonia, they were divided into two groups: severe adenovirus pneumonia (40 children) and non-severe adenovirus pneumonia (40 children). The two groups were compared in terms of the serum levels of inflammatory markers within 24 hours after admission, such as HBP, interleukin-6 (IL-6), tumor necrosis factor-α (TNF-α), white blood cell count, platelet count (PLT), and C-reactive protein. The receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve was plotted to identify the value of these inflammatory markers in the early diagnosis of severe adenovirus pneumonia. RESULTS: Compared with the non-severe adenovirus pneumonia group, the severe adenovirus pneumonia group had a significantly higher serum level of HBP [(46±16) ng/mL vs (28±13) ng/mL, P<0.05], as well as significantly higher levels of TNF-α, IL-6, and PLT (P<0.05). HBP had an area under the ROC curve (AUC) of 0.804 in the early diagnosis of severe adenovirus pneumonia, with a sensitivity of 80.0% and a specificity of 70.0% at the optimal cut-off value of 31.76 ng/mL. The ROC curve analysis of HBP combined with other indicators for the early diagnosis of severe adenovirus pneumonia showed that HBP+TNF-α, HBP+PLT, HBP+IL-6, HBP+TNF-α+IL-6, and HBP+TNF-α+IL-6+PLT had an AUC of 0.866, 0.850, 0.863, 0.886, and 0.894, respectively. CONCLUSIONS: Serum HBP may be used as a biomarker for the early diagnosis of severe adenovirus pneumonia, and its combination with TNF-α, IL-6, and PLT can improve its diagnostic value.


Assuntos
Infecções por Adenoviridae , Pneumonia Viral , Adenoviridae , Peptídeos Catiônicos Antimicrobianos , Biomarcadores , Proteínas Sanguíneas , Proteína C-Reativa/análise , Criança , Humanos , Interleucina-6 , Pneumonia Viral/diagnóstico , Fator de Necrose Tumoral alfa
10.
Hepatol Commun ; 2022 Sep 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36121707

RESUMO

Few studies have reported on acoustic radiation force impulse (ARFI) for varices screening. Our study aimed to identify a strategy based on liver stiffness measurement (LSM) and spleen stiffness measurement (SSM) by ARFI combined with platelet count (PLT), named the ARP strategy, for ruling out high-risk varices (HRV) and avoiding unnecessary esophagogastroduodenoscopy (EGD) in patients with compensated cirrhosis. We retrospectively reviewed patients who underwent ARFI from a previous cohort (NCT04307264). Of them, patients between 2017 and 2019 composed the training cohort to develop the ARP strategy. The validation cohort consisted of others between 2015 and 2016 to validate and compare it with Baveno VI criteria about the performance for varices screening. Primary outcomes were the rates of spared EGDs and HRV missed. A total of 741 consecutive patients were included in the final analysis. Of them, 576 patients were included in the training cohort and 165 patients in the validation cohort. In the training cohort, ARP strategy was defined as LSM < 1.805 m/s or SSM < 2.445 m/s and PLT > 110 × 109 /L. ARP strategy could spare 234 (40.6%) EGDs with a missed HRV rate of 3.4% (8 of 234). In the validation cohort, compared with Baveno VI criteria, the ARP strategy improved the proportion of avoided EGDs (49.7% vs. 34.5%; p < 0.001) and lowered the rate of misclassified HRV (1.2% vs. 3.5%; p < 0.001). Conclusion: The ARP strategy was an efficient and safe tool for varices screening in compensated cirrhosis, and it might be an auxiliary or even alternative to Baveno VI criteria.

11.
Int J Ophthalmol ; 15(9): 1437-1443, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36124179

RESUMO

AIM: To verify the feasibility and safety of staged lensectomy and vitrectomy in stage 5C retinopathy of prematurity (ROP) with corneal opacification. METHODS: This was a retrospective, interventional, consecutive case series. Twenty-two eyes of 18 stage 5C ROP patients with corneal opacification were included. Regular combined lensectomy and vitrectomy were not prescribed due to the invisible fundus. Staged lensectomy and posterior vitrectomy were performed. The anatomical and visual outcomes were reviewed at the final follow-up visit. RESULTS: The mean gestational age of ROP patients was 29.3±1.6wk (range: 27-32wk), comprising 8 males and 10 females. The average birth weight was 1363.0±300.0 g. All the eyes had corneal opacity and flat or disappeared anterior chambers pre-operatively. Two eyes had complicated cataract and 7 eyes had retrolental fibroplasia. Six eyes had posterior pupillary synechiae or membranes. Seven (31.8%) eyes had vascularly active retinas. The average interval between two procedures was 6.8±4.6mo (2.5-18.5mo). After surgeries, all the patients had normal anterior chambers. Fourteen eyes had clear corneas. The intraocular pressure of 3 eyes with glaucoma was controlled by medication. Two eyes had ocular phthisis. The retina was reattached in 3 eyes and partially attached in 11 eyes. Visual acuity ranged from no light perception to hand motion. CONCLUSION: Staged lensectomy and vitrectomy are procedures that can halt progression to further complications and preserve some useful eyesight in stage 5C ROP patients with corneal opacification. The earlier the lensectomy is performed, the better the prognosis is.

12.
Am J Cancer Res ; 12(8): 3857-3869, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36119824

RESUMO

Follicular lymphoma (FL) has a high degree of heterogeneity both clinically and molecularly. Early treatment failure (ETF), progression or relapse within 24 months of frontline immunochemotherapy is associated with a poor prognosis in FL. However, the clinical utility of ETF at diagnosis is limited. The maximum standardized uptake value (SUVmax) is a metabolic parameter for positron emission tomography/computed tomography (PET/CT); nevertheless, the relationship between SUVmax and ETF remains unclear. Thus, identifying early biomarkers that incorporate SUVmax and other clinical correlative variables could be helpful in identifying patients at high risk of ETF. A nomogram consisted of three independent variables, including SUVmax ≥ 12, beta-2 microglobulin > 3 mg/L, and Ki67 > 40%, was established to predict ETF in 127 patients with grade 1, 2, or 3a FL from the First Hospital of Jilin University (training cohort) and was validated using data from the Duke University Medical Center (validation cohort, n=95). The nomogram demonstrated prognostic accuracy in predicting ETF (sensitivity 70.8% and specificity 83.5% in the training cohort; sensitivity 84.2% and specificity 68.4% in the validation cohort). The patients were stratified into three groups: low-, intermediate-, and high-risk. In the training cohort, the corresponding 5-year progression-free survival (PFS) rates were 81.7%, 73.4%, and 34.9%, and the 5-year overall survival (OS) rates were 97.4%, 87.4%, and 62.3%, respectively. In the validation cohort, the 5-year PFS rates were 77.7%, 52.9%, and 34.8%, and the 5-year OS rates were 96.4%, 94.1%, and 73.7%, respectively. This was the first study to use a nomogram with SUVmax to predict ETF in FL to identify a subset of patients who might benefit from individualized targeted therapy.

13.
Mol Ecol ; 2022 Sep 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36073004

RESUMO

Understanding how and why species evolve requires knowledge on intraspecific divergence. In this study, we examined intraspecific divergence in the endangered hot-spring snake (Thermophis baileyi), an endemic species on the Qinghai-Tibet Plateau (QTP). Whole-genome resequencing of 58 sampled individuals from 15 populations was performed to identify the drivers of intraspecific divergence and explore the potential roles of genes under selection. Our analyses resolved three groups, with major intergroup admixture occurring in regions of group contact. Divergence probably occurred during the Pleistocene as a result of glacial climatic oscillations, Yadong-Gulu rift, and geothermal fields differentiation, while complex gene flow between group pairs reflected a unique intraspecific divergence pattern on the QTP. Intergroup fixed loci involved selected genes functionally related to divergence and local adaptation, especially adaptation to hot spring microenvironments in different geothermal fields. Analysis of structural variants, genetic diversity, inbreeding, and genetic load indicated that the hot-spring snake population has declined to a low level with decreased diversity, which is important for the conservation management of this endangered species. Our study demonstrated that the integration of demographic history, gene flow, genomic divergence genes, and other information is necessary to distinguish the evolutionary processes involved in speciation.

14.
Bull Math Biol ; 84(11): 121, 2022 Sep 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36112293

RESUMO

Due to the role of cytoplasmic incompatibility (CI), releasing Wolbachia-infected male mosquitoes into the wild becomes a very promising strategy to suppress the wild mosquito population. When developing a mosquito suppression strategy, our main concerns are how often, and in what amount, should Wolbachia-infected mosquitoes be released under different CI intensity conditions, so that the suppression is most effective and cost efficient. In this paper, we propose a mosquito population suppression model that incorporates suppression and self-recovery under different CI intensity conditions. We adopt the new modeling idea that only sexually active Wolbachia-infected male mosquitoes are considered in the model and assume the releases of Wolbachia-infected male mosquitoes are impulsive and periodic with period T. We particularly study the case where the release period is greater than the sexual lifespan of the Wolbachia-infected male mosquitoes. We define the CI intensity threshold, mosquito release thresholds, and the release period threshold to characterize the model dynamics. The global and local asymptotic stability of the origin and the existence and stability of T-periodic solutions are investigated. Our findings provide useful guidance in designing practical release strategies to control wild mosquitoes.


Assuntos
Aedes , Wolbachia , Animais , Masculino , Conceitos Matemáticos , Modelos Biológicos
15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36118094

RESUMO

Background: Many patients undergoing PCI have been reported to suffer from psychological distress and negative emotions. Several lines of evidence have indicated that PCI patients with negative emotions are particularly vulnerable to myocardial reperfusion injury when they face psychological challenges. As proven by clinical trials and research, traditional Chinese medicine (TCM) has certain advantages in alleviating psychological symptoms in PCI patients. The level of evidence for TCM is not yet high. There is no existing systematic review to evaluate the effectiveness and safety of TCM in post-PCI patients. Methods: PubMed, EMBASE, Cochrane Library, Web of Science, CNKI, VIP, Wanfang Database, and CBM were searched to identify randomized controlled trials (RCTs) that treated negative emotions after PCI using qi and blood cotherapy. The search period was from database inception to March 1, 2022. After applying the inclusion and exclusion criteria to the RCTs, research quality evaluation and data extraction were conducted, and a meta-analysis of the articles was performed using Revman 5.3 and Stata 12.1. Results: A total of 14 RCTs involving 1314 patients were included. Meta-analysis results indicated that compared with the anti-anxiety and depression medications group, the qi-blood harmony group was more effective in clinical outcomes (RR = 1.19, 95% CI (1.13, 1.25), P < 0.00001), maintaining the stability of angina pectoris (SMD = 0.65, 95% CI (0.29, 1.01), P=0.0004), increasing the degree of patients' satisfaction (SMD = 0.95, 95% CI (0.25, 1.65), P=0.008), reducing the frequency of attacks (SMD = 0.64, 95% CI (0.11, 1.18), P=0.02), and the incidence of adverse reactions (RR = 0.54, 95% CI (0.43, 0.68), P < 0.00001). The HAMA and HAMD scores were significantly lower after treatment, and there was no significant difference between the two groups (HAMA: RR = 1.03, 95% CI (0.95, 1.12), P=0.4). The efficacy of the two groups was comparable. In terms of reduction of the HAMD score, after sensitivity analysis, the literature by Liang was found to be significantly influencing the results, and after excluding the results of Liang, the qi-blood harmony group was superior to the Western medicine group for reducing the HAMD score (RR = 1.12, 95% CI (1.01, 1.24), P < 0.05), which was significantly different. The results of this review, combined with the grade evaluation, suggest that the HAMA posttreatment score reduction, the efficacy of TCM treatment, and the incidence of adverse reactions were supported by moderate evidence, and the HAMD posttreatment score reduction and the SAQ score were supported by low-quality evidence. Conclusion: Treating negative emotions after PCI based on the idea of "harmonization of qi and blood" can effectively improve the clinical efficacy, the stability of angina pectoris and the degree of patient satisfaction, and can reduce the frequency of angina attacks and the incidence of adverse events. There was no significant difference between the two groups for reductions in the HAMA and HAMD scores. However, more high-quality, large sample, multicentre RCTs are still needed for further verification. PROSPERO Registration Number: PROSPERO CRD42022313169.

16.
Front Microbiol ; 13: 972243, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36118197

RESUMO

Understanding the distribution patterns and shaping factors of bacterial pathogens in aquatic ecosystems, especially in natural waters, are critical to the control of pathogen transmission. In this study, using 16S rRNA gene amplicon sequencing, we explored the composition and biogeographic dynamics of potential bacterial pathogens in the middle and lower reaches of the Yangtze River, as well as its two vast adjoining lakes (Dongting Lake and Poyang Lake). The pathogen community belonged to 12 potential pathogenic groups, with "intracellular parasites," "animal parasites or symbionts" and "human pathogens all" occupying 97.5% in total. The potential pathogen community covered seven phyla with Proteobacteria (69.8%) and Bacteroidetes (13.5%) the most predominant. In addition, 53 genera were identified with Legionella (15.2%) and Roseomonas (14.2%) the most dominant. The average relative abundance, alpha diversity and microbial composition of the potential bacterial pathogens exhibited significant biogeographical variations among the different sections. An in-depth analysis reflected that environmental variables significantly structured the potential bacterial pathogens, including water physiochemical properties (i.e., chlorophyll-a, total nitrogen and transparency), heavy metals (i.e., As and Ni), climate (i.e., air temperature) and land use type (i.e., waters). Compared to the overall bacterial community which was composed of both pathogenic and non-pathogenic bacteria, the pathogen community exhibited distinct microbial diversity patterns and shaping factors. This signifies the importance of different variables for shaping the pathogen community. This study represents one attempt to explore pathogen diversity patterns and their underlying drivers in the Yangtze River, which provides a foundation for the management of pathogenic bacteria.

17.
Front Pharmacol ; 13: 940178, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36105208

RESUMO

Hantaviruses, the causative agent for two types of hemorrhagic fevers, hemorrhagic fever with renal syndrome (HFRS) and hantavirus pulmonary syndrome (HPS), are distributed from Eurasia to America. HFRS and HPS have mortality rates of up to 15% or 45%, respectively. Currently, no certified therapeutic has been licensed to treat hantavirus infection. In this study, we discovered that benidipine hydrochloride, a calcium channel blocker, inhibits the entry of hantaviruses in vitro. Moreover, an array of calcium channel inhibitors, such as cilnidipine, felodipine, amlodipine, manidipine, nicardipine, and nisoldipine, exhibit similar antiviral properties. Using pseudotyped vesicular stomatitis viruses harboring the different hantavirus glycoproteins, we demonstrate that benidipine hydrochloride inhibits the infection by both HFRS- and HPS-causing hantaviruses. The results of our study indicate the possibility of repurposing FDA-approved calcium channel blockers for the treatment of hantavirus infection, and they also indicate the need for further research in vivo.

18.
Am J Rhinol Allergy ; : 19458924221126356, 2022 Sep 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36113103

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: The aim of this meta-analysis is to compare the surgical results of endoscopic dacryocystorhinostomy (Endo-DCR) for chronic dacryocystitis (CD) with and without intraoperative hyaluronic acid (HA) application. METHODS: An electronic literature search was performed using the PubMed, Embase, Cochrane Library, CNKI, and Wan Fang databases in April 1, 2022. Review Manager software version 5.4 was used for data synthesis and a forest plot was generated for each outcome measure. RESULTS: Seven randomized control trials (RCTs), which involved 739 eyes, were included in this meta-analysis. Overall, compared with the control group, intraoperative HA application significantly enhance the success rate (odds ratio [OR] = 3.27, 95% confidence interval [CI]: 2.15-4.98, P < .00001), promote re-epithelization (OR = 2.93, 95% CI: 1.83-4.68, P < .00001), reduce granulation (OR = 0.41, 95% CI: 0.21-0.80, P = .008), and scar (OR = 0.39, 95% CI: 0.22-0.68, P = .001) formation after Endo-DCR. CONCLUSION: Intraoperative HA application seems to be a useful adjuvant that could enhance success rate by promoting re-epithelization and inhabiting granulation and scar formation around the ostium.

19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36109595

RESUMO

Drug-associated conditioned cues promote subjects to recall drug reward memory, resulting in drug-seeking and reinstatement. A consolidated memory becomes unstable after recall, such that the amnestic agent can disrupt the memory during the reconsolidation stage, which implicates a potential therapeutic strategy for weakening maladaptive memories. The basolateral amygdala (BLA) involves the association of conditioned cues with reward and aversive valences and projects the information to the nucleus accumbens (NAc) that mediates reward-seeking. However, whether the BLA-NAc projection plays a role in drug-associated memory reactivation and reconsolidation is unknown. We used methamphetamine (MeAM) conditioned place preference (CPP) to investigate the role of BLA-NAc neural projection in the memory reconsolidation. Two weeks before CPP training, we infused adeno-associated virus (AAV) carrying the designer receptor exclusively activated by designer drugs (DREADD) or control constructs. We infused clozapine-N-oxide (CNO) after the recall test to manipulate the neural activity of BLA-NAc projections in mice. We found that after recall, DREADD-mediated inhibition of BLA neurons projecting to the NAc core blunted consolidated MeAM-associated memory. Inhibition of BLA glutamatergic nerve terminals in the NAc core 1 h after recall disrupted consolidated MeAM-associated memory. However, inhibiting this pathway after the time window of reconsolidation failed to affect memory. Furthermore, under the condition without memory retrieval, DREADD-mediated activation of BLA-NAc core projection was required for amnesic agents to disrupt consolidated MeAM-associated memory. Our findings provide evidence that the BLA-NAc pathway activity is involved in the post-retrieval processing of MeAM-associated memory in CPP.

20.
J Pharm Pharmacol ; 2022 Sep 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36106815

RESUMO

Objectives Due to its high morbidity, high mortality, and high disability, stroke has been the first cause of death and the major cause of adult disability in China. Natural borneol has been widely utilized in Traditional Chinese Medicine to promote drug absorption. Formononetin is a natural isoflavonoid with potent neuroprotective activity but poor brain delivery. Methods This study aimed to screen the optimum proportion that natural borneol promotes formononetin entry into the brain, evaluate the anti-cerebral ischaemia efficacy of formononetin/natural borneol combination in middle cerebral artery occlusion/reperfusion model rats, and clarify the possible mechanism for natural borneol's promoting formononetin delivery in the brain. Key findings Our studies exhibited that natural borneol remarkably promoted formononetin entry into the brain when combined with formononetin in a 1 : 1 molar ratio and notably improved neuro-behavioural scores and reduced the infarct of middle cerebral artery occlusion/reperfusion model rats. This study further discovered that the enhanced anti-cerebral ischaemia effect resulted from natural borneol increasing the permeability of the blood-brain barrier to elevate formononetin concentration in the brain rather than the pharmacodynamic synergy or addition between formononetin and natural borneol. Conclusions The study provides a good strategy to screen drug combinations for the treatment of brain disease by combining natural borneol with other drugs.

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