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1.
Carbohydr Polym ; 227: 115323, 2020 Jan 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31590841

RESUMO

Bacterial nanocellulose (BNC) has many advantages over plant cellulose, which make it widely used in many fields, especially in the food industry. In this study, three strains including BCA263, BCC529, and P1 were selected for characteristics analysis of BNCs under static and agitated culture conditions. The BNCs produced under static culture condition were in the shape of uniform membrane, while BNCs produced under agitated culture were in form of small agglomerates and fragments. BCA263 and BCC529 strains were more suitable for static culture, while P1 strain was more suitable for agitated culture. BNCs produced under static culture condition exhibited higher crystallinity, stronger tensile strength, denser network structure, higher temperature resistance and good flame retardancy; while BNCs produced under agitated culture condition exhibited larger porous and lower crystallinity. Furthermore, BNCs produced under agitated culture condition were more suitable as a stabilizer of coffee milk beverage.

2.
J Inorg Biochem ; 201: 110790, 2019 Jul 22.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31518867

RESUMO

Six zinc(II) complexes [Zn(Br)2L1] (1), [Zn(Br)2L2] (2) and [Zn(Br)2L3] (3), [Zn(I)2L1] (4), [Zn(I)2L2] (5) and [Zn(I)2L3] (6) have been obtained by the reactions of ZnBr2 or ZnI2 with p-hydroxyl-4'-phenyl-terpyridine(L1), m-hydroxyl-4'-phenyl-terpyridine(L2) and o-hydroxyl-4'-phenyl-terpyridine(L3), which were characterized by elemental analysis, FT-IR and NMR, as well as single crystal X-ray diffraction. Comparing to cisplatin, compounds 1-6 show higher antiproliferative activity against human lung carcinoma cell line (A549), human ileocecal colorectal adenocarcinoma cell line (HCT-8) and human breast cancer cell line (MCF-7). As the concentration of compounds 1-6 increases in the BHb/HHb-compound system, the fluorescent intensity of bovine hemoglobin (BHb) and human hemoglobin (HHb) reduces with a static quenching mechanism. The binding constant and the number of binding sites for the interaction of the compounds with BHb and HHb were calculated. Molecular docking studies suggest that the binding process of these compounds with heat shock protein 90 (Hsp90), BHb and HHb is a spontaneous molecular interaction process, in which van der Waals forces and hydrogen bonds play major roles, and π-π interaction also has influence on binding process. These results suggest that compounds 1-6 can be candidates for further evaluation as chemotherapeutic agents against human tumor.

3.
Pain ; 160(11): 2440-2455, 2019 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31323014

RESUMO

Studies using rodent models of neuropathic pain use sham surgery control procedures that cause deep tissue damage. Sham surgeries would thus be expected to induce potentially long-lasting postsurgical pain, but little evidence for such pain has been reported. Operant tests of voluntary behavior can reveal negative motivational and cognitive aspects of pain that may provide sensitive tools for detecting pain-related alterations. In a previously described operant mechanical conflict test involving lengthy familiarization and training, rodents freely choose to either escape from a brightly lit chamber by crossing sharp probes or refuse to cross. Here, we describe a brief (2-day) mechanical conflict protocol that exploits rats' innate exploratory response to a novel environment to detect persistently enhanced pain-avoidance behavior after sham surgeries for 2 neural injury models: thoracic spinal cord injury and chronic constriction injury of the sciatic nerve. Pitting the combined motivations to avoid the bright light and to explore the novel device against pain from crossing noxious probes disclosed a conflicting, hyperalgesia-related reluctance to repeatedly cross the probes after injury. Rats receiving standard sham surgeries demonstrated enhanced pain-like avoidance behavior compared with naive controls, and this behavior was similar to that of corresponding chronic constriction injury or spinal cord injury rats weeks or months after injury. In the case of sham surgery for spinal cord injury, video analysis of voluntary exploratory behavior directed at the probes revealed enhanced forepaw withdrawal responses. These findings have important implications for preclinical investigations into behavioral alterations and physiological mechanisms associated with postsurgical and neuropathic pain.

4.
Protein Cell ; 10(10): 709-725, 2019 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31041782

RESUMO

Polycomb group (PcG) ring finger protein 6 (PCGF6), though known as a member of the transcription-repressing complexes, PcG, also has activation function in regulating pluripotency gene expression. However, the mechanism underlying the activation function of PCGF6 is poorly understood. Here, we found that PCGF6 co-localizes to gene activation regions along with pluripotency factors such as OCT4. In addition, PCGF6 was recruited to a subset of the super-enhancer (SE) regions upstream of cell cycle-associated genes by OCT4, and increased their expression. By combining with promoter capture Hi-C data, we found that PCGF6 activates cell cycle genes by regulating SE-promoter interactions via 3D chromatin. Our findings highlight a novel mechanism of PcG protein in regulating pluripotency, and provide a research basis for the therapeutic application of pluripotent stem cells.

5.
PLoS One ; 14(4): e0215408, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30986254

RESUMO

Cathepsin L (CTSL) has been proved to help contain leishmaniasis and mycoplasma infection in mice by supporting cellular immune responses, but the regulatory functions of CTSL on mucosal immune responses haven't been tested and remain undefined. Here, we investigated the effects of CTSL on SIgA responses and invariant chain (Ii) degradations in the co-cultured swine dendritic cells (DCs) and B cells system in vitro. When the cells system were transfected with vector CTSL-GFP or incubated with recombinant CTSL (rCTSL) before they were infected with Mycoplasma hyopneumoniae (M.hp), SIgA significantly increased and Ii chain was degraded into smaller intermediates, while SIgA decreased when CTSL was knockdown or inhibited with E64. To confirm the SIgA responses promoted by CTSL contribute to the resistance to mycoplasma pneumonia, pigs injected with rCTSL before they were challenged with M.hp, showed milder clinical symptoms and histopathological damage of lungs, less mycoplasma burden together with higher secretion of SIgA, percentages of CD4+ T cells and level of MHC II molecules comparing with the group without rCTSL. Collectively, these results suggested that rCTSL could provide effective protection for piglets against mycoplasma pneumonia by enhancing M.hp-specific mucosal immune responses through its role in antigen presentation by processing the invariant chain.

6.
J Cell Physiol ; 2018 Oct 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30341912

RESUMO

Spinal cord injury (SCI) is a highly severe disease and it can lead to the destruction of the motor and sensory function resulting in temporary or permanent disability. Long noncoding RNAs (lncRNAs) are transcripts longer than 200 nt that play a critical role in central nervous system (CNS) injury. However, the exact roles of lncRNAs and messenger RNAs (mRNAs) in the early acute phase of SCI remain to be elucidated. We examined the expression of mRNAs and lncRNAs in a rat model at 2 days after SCI and identified the differentially expressed lncRNAs (DE lncRNAs) and differentially expressed mRNAs (DE mRNAs) using microarray analysis. Subsequently, a comprehensive bioinformatics analysis was also performed to clarify the interaction between DE mRNAs. A total of 3,193 DE lncRNAs and 4,308 DE mRNAs were identified between the injured group and control group. Classification, length distribution, and chromosomal distribution of the dysregulated lncRNAs were also performed. The gene ontology analysis and Kyoto Encyclopedia of Genes and Genomes enrichment analysis were performed to identify the critical biological processes and pathways. A protein-protein interaction (PPI) network indicated that IL6, TOP2A, CDK1, POLE, CCNB1, TNF, CCNA2, CDC20, ITGAM, and MYC were the top 10 core genes. The subnetworks from the PPI network were identified to further elucidate the most significant functional modules of the DE mRNAs. These data may provide novel insights into the molecular mechanism of the early acute phase of SCI. The identification of lncRNAs and mRNAs may offer potential diagnostic and therapeutic targets for SCI.

7.
ACS Nano ; 12(10): 10272-10280, 2018 Oct 23.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30272942

RESUMO

The utility of layer-by-layer (LbL) coated microneedle (MN) skin patches for transdermal drug delivery has proven to be a promising approach, with advantages over hypodermal injection due to painless and easy self-administration. However, the long epidermal application time required for drug implantation by existing LbL MN strategies (15-90 min) can lead to potential medication noncompliance. Here, we developed a MN platform to shorten the application time in MN therapies based on a synthetic pH-induced charge-invertible polymer poly(2-(diisopropylamino) ethyl methacrylate- b-methacrylic acid) (PDM), requiring only 1 min skin insertion time to implant LbL films in vivo. Following MN-mediated delivery of 0.5 µg model antigen chicken ovalbumin (OVA) in the skin of mice, this system achieved sustained release over 3 days and led to an elevated immune response as demonstrated by significantly higher humoral immunity compared with OVA administration via conventional routes (subcutaneously and intramuscularly). Moreover, in an ex vivo experiment on human skin, we achieved efficient immune activation through MN-delivered LbL films, demonstrated by a rapid uptake of vaccine adjuvants by the antigen presenting cells. These features, rapid administration and the ability to elicit a robust immune response, can potentially enable a broad application of microneedle-based vaccination technologies.

8.
Front Neurol ; 9: 683, 2018.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30186222

RESUMO

Background: Spinal cord injury (SCI) is a severe condition that disrupts patients' physiological, mental, and social well-being state and exerts great financial burden on patients, their families and social healthcare system. This review intends to compile studies regarding epidemiological features of SCI in China. Methods: Searches were conducted on PubMed, EMBASE, Web of Science and Cochrane Library for relevant studies published through January, 2018. Studies reported methodological and epidemiological data were collected by two authors independently. Results: Seventeen studies met the inclusion criteria. Two studies reported incidence of SCI that is 60.6 in Beijing (2002) and 23.7 in Tianjin (2004-2008). All studies showed male had a larger percentage in SCI compared to female except Taiwan (2000-2003). The average male and female ratio was 3-4:1 in China and the highest male and female ratio was 5.74: 1 in Tianjin (2004-2007). Farmers, laborers and unemployed people accounted for more than half of the SCI patients in China. Fall was the primary causation with exception of Heilongjiang (2009-2013), Beijing (2001-2010), and Taiwan (2002-2003), where motor vehicle collision (MCVs) was the leading causation. Pulmonary infection, urinary tract infection and bedsore were common complications, accounting for approximately 70% of SCI patients in China. Conclusion: This review shows that epidemiological features of SCI are various in different regions in China and prevention should be implemented by regions. The number of patients with SCI result from fall and MCVs may become a main public health problem because population aging and economic developing in China. However, because all included studies were retrospective and lacking a register system in China, some data were incomplete and some cases may be left out, so the conclusion may not be generalizable to the other regions.

9.
Molecules ; 23(7)2018 Jul 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30012984

RESUMO

Reactions between a N6O4 macrocyclic ligand (L¹) and several Zn(II) salts (trifluoromethane sulfonate, p-toluenesulfonate, acetate, benzoate, o-, m- or p-hydroxybenzoate) led to the formation of seven complexes, [Zn2L¹ (DMSO)4](OSO2CF3)4 (1), [Zn2(p-OSO2PhCH3)4L¹] (2), [Zn2(OCOCH3)4L¹] (3), [Zn2(OCOPh)4L¹] (4), [Zn2(o-OCOPhOH)4L¹] (5), [Zn2(m-OCOPhOH)4 L¹] (6) and [Zn2(p-OCOPhOH)4 L¹] (7), which were characterized by elemental analysis, ¹H-NMR, 13C-NMR, IR, fluorescence spectroscopies and single crystal X-ray diffraction. In 1, the Zn atom is pentacoordinated with a N3O2 irregular trigonal bipyramidal coordination environment, like the geometries in compounds 3⁻7, whereas in structure 2 the metal atom is envisaged as possessing a distorted N3O3 octahedronal environment. All the compounds show interesting photoluminescent properties in solid states and solutions in DMF and DMSO, which are reported along with their TG-DTA thermal decomposition processes, UV-vis absorption spectroscopy and fluorescence quantum yields in DMF and DMSO.


Assuntos
Complexos de Coordenação , Medições Luminescentes , Compostos Macrocíclicos , Zinco/química , Complexos de Coordenação/síntese química , Complexos de Coordenação/química , Compostos Macrocíclicos/síntese química , Compostos Macrocíclicos/química
10.
ACS Nano ; 12(7): 6504-6514, 2018 Jul 24.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29944833

RESUMO

The delivery of small interfering RNA (siRNA) remains a major hurdle for the clinical translation of RNA interference (RNAi) therapeutics. Because of its low valency and rigid nature, siRNA typically requires high excesses of cationic delivery materials to package it stably and deliver it to the cytoplasm of target cells, resulting in high toxicities and inefficient gene silencing in vivo. To address these challenges, we pair a polymeric form of siRNA, p-shRNA, with optimized biodegradable polycations to form stable complexes that induce far more potent gene silencing than with siRNA complexes. Furthermore, we unveil a set of design rules governing p-shRNA delivery, using degradable polycations containing hydrophobic and stabilizing polyethylene glycol domains that enable both stable condensation and efficient release inside cells. We demonstrate the therapeutic potential of this approach by silencing the oncogene STAT3 in a well-established B16F10 mouse melanoma model to significantly prolong survival. By blending nucleic acid engineering and polymer design, our system provides a potentially translatable platform for RNAi-based therapies.

11.
Cell Metab ; 27(6): 1249-1262.e4, 2018 Jun 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29706565

RESUMO

Cancer metastasis accounts for the majority of cancer-related deaths and remains a clinical challenge. Metastatic cancer cells generally resemble cells of the primary cancer, but they may be influenced by the milieu of the organs they colonize. Here, we show that colorectal cancer cells undergo metabolic reprogramming after they metastasize and colonize the liver, a key metabolic organ. In particular, via GATA6, metastatic cells in the liver upregulate the enzyme aldolase B (ALDOB), which enhances fructose metabolism and provides fuel for major pathways of central carbon metabolism during tumor cell proliferation. Targeting ALDOB or reducing dietary fructose significantly reduces liver metastatic growth but has little effect on the primary tumor. Our findings suggest that metastatic cells can take advantage of reprogrammed metabolism in their new microenvironment, especially in a metabolically active organ such as the liver. Manipulation of involved pathways may affect the course of metastatic growth.

12.
Cell Physiol Biochem ; 47(1): 212-222, 2018.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29763928

RESUMO

BACKGROUND/AIMS: Neural stem cells (NSCs) reside in a hypoxic environment, and hypoxia plays an important role in their development and differentiation. This study aimed to explore the underlying mechanisms by which hypoxia affects NSC behavior. METHODS: In the current study, we downloaded the gene expression dataset GSE68572 and identified the differentially expressed genes (DEGs) by analyzing high-throughput gene expression in hypoxic and normoxic NSCs. Subsequently, we analyzed these data using a combined bioinformatics approach and predicted the microRNAs (miRNAs) targeting the key gene using miRNA databases. Quantitative real-time PCR (qRT-PCR) was used to validate the expression of the top five DEGs. RESULTS: In total, 1347 genes were identified as DEGs. We identified the predominant gene ontology categories and Kyoto Encyclopedia of Genes and Genomes pathways that were significantly over-represented in the hypoxic NSCs. A protein-protein interaction network he identification of miRNAs and their putative targets may offer new diagnostic and therapeutic strategies for liver cancer the top 10 core genes. Vascular endothelial growth factor A (VEGFA) had the highest degree and may be the key gene concerning NSC behavior under hypoxia. Further validation of the top five DEGs by qRT-PCR demonstrated that four DEGs were significantly higher and one DEG was significantly lower in the hypoxic group than in the control group. Seven miRNAs were predicted and proved to target VEGFA. CONCLUSION: This preliminary study can prompt the understanding of the molecular mechanisms by which hypoxia has an impact on NSC behavior and can help to optimize stem cell therapies for central nervous system injuries and diseases.


Assuntos
Redes Reguladoras de Genes , Células-Tronco Neurais/metabolismo , Animais , Hipóxia Celular , Perfilação da Expressão Gênica , Ontologia Genética , Camundongos , MicroRNAs/genética , Células-Tronco Neurais/citologia , Mapas de Interação de Proteínas , Fator A de Crescimento do Endotélio Vascular/genética , Fator A de Crescimento do Endotélio Vascular/metabolismo
13.
J Cell Biochem ; 119(7): 5813-5820, 2018 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29637609

RESUMO

Neural stem cells (NSCs) are self-renewing, pluripotent, and undifferentiated cells which have benefits as candidates for central nervous system (CNS) injury. However, the transplanted NSCs usually maintain their undifferentiated characteristics, or differentiated potentially along the glial lineage after transplantation. MicroRNAs (miRNAs) are small, non-coding RNAs that play key roles in cell differentiation. However, it is unknown whether miR-29a could play a role in the process of NSC's differentiation. Primary NSCs were derived from rat embryonic cortex. Lentiviral vector-mediated miR-29a (LV-miR-29a) and negative control (LV-null) were infected into NSCs. Quantitative real-time PCR was used to detect expression of miR-29a and PTEN. Immunocytochemistry was used to stain neurons, astrocytes, and oligodendrocytes. Dual luciferase assay to study the interaction between miR-29a and PTEN. The current study showed that the expression of miR-29a was upregulated during NSC differentiation, while the expression of PTEN was downregulated during NSC differentiation. After infection with LV-miR-29a, MAP-2-positive neurons significantly increased, and GFAP-positive astrocytes significantly decreased. Furthermore, we demonstrated that PTEN is a molecular target of miR-29a. miR-29a promote the neuronal differentiation and decrease the astrocytes differentiation of NSCs via targeting PTEN. This may give insight into a novel mechanism of NSC differentiation and provide a promising therapeutic target.

14.
Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A ; 115(12): E2696-E2705, 2018 03 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29432194

RESUMO

Small interfering RNA (siRNA) represents a promising class of inhibitors in both fundamental research and the clinic. Numerous delivery vehicles have been developed to facilitate siRNA delivery. Nevertheless, achieving highly potent RNA interference (RNAi) toward clinical translation requires efficient formation of RNA-induced gene-silencing complex (RISC) in the cytoplasm. Here we coencapsulate siRNA and the central RNAi effector protein Argonaute 2 (Ago2) via different delivery carriers as a platform to augment RNAi. The physical clustering between siRNA and Ago2 is found to be indispensable for enhanced RNAi. Moreover, by utilizing polyamines bearing the same backbone but distinct cationic side-group arrangements of ethylene diamine repeats as the delivery vehicles, we find that the molecular structure of these polyamines modulates the degree of siRNA/Ago2-mediated improvement of RNAi. We apply this strategy to silence the oncogene STAT3 and significantly prolong survival in mice challenged with melanoma. Our findings suggest a paradigm for RNAi via the synergistic coassembly of RNA with helper proteins.


Assuntos
Proteínas Argonauta/genética , Terapia Genética/métodos , Interferência de RNA , RNA Interferente Pequeno/administração & dosagem , Complexo de Inativação Induzido por RNA/química , Animais , Proteínas Argonauta/metabolismo , Sistemas de Liberação de Medicamentos/métodos , Melanoma Experimental/genética , Melanoma Experimental/mortalidade , Melanoma Experimental/terapia , Camundongos Endogâmicos C57BL , Oncogenes/genética , Poliaminas/química , RNA Antissenso/administração & dosagem , RNA Antissenso/farmacologia , RNA de Cadeia Dupla/administração & dosagem , RNA de Cadeia Dupla/química , RNA de Cadeia Dupla/genética , RNA Mensageiro , RNA Interferente Pequeno/química , Complexo de Inativação Induzido por RNA/genética , Complexo de Inativação Induzido por RNA/metabolismo , Fator de Transcrição STAT3/genética , Relação Estrutura-Atividade , Transfecção/métodos
15.
Mol Biol Cell ; 29(1): 1-9, 2018 01 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29118073

RESUMO

Cell migration in a three-dimensional matrix requires that cells either remodel the surrounding matrix fibers and/or squeeze between the fibers to move. Matrix degradation, matrix remodeling, and changes in cell shape each require cells to expend energy. While significant research has been performed to understand the cellular and molecular mechanisms guiding metastatic migration, less is known about cellular energy regulation and utilization during three-dimensional cancer cell migration. Here we introduce the use of the genetically encoded fluorescent biomarkers, PercevalHR and pHRed, to quantitatively assess ATP, ADP, and pH levels in MDA-MB-231 metastatic cancer cells as a function of the local collagen microenvironment. We find that the use of the probe is an effective tool for exploring the thermodynamics of cancer cell migration and invasion. Specifically, we find that the ATP:ADP ratio increases in cells in denser matrices, where migration is impaired, and it decreases in cells in aligned collagen matrices, where migration is facilitated. When migration is pharmacologically inhibited, the ATP:ADP ratio decreases. Together, our data indicate that matrix architecture alters cellular energetics and that intracellular ATP:ADP ratio is related to the ability of cancer cells to effectively migrate.

16.
Angew Chem Int Ed Engl ; 56(44): 13709-13712, 2017 Oct 23.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28925033

RESUMO

Messenger RNA (mRNA) represents a promising class of nucleic acid drugs. Although numerous carriers have been developed for mRNA delivery, the inefficient mRNA expression inside cells remains a major challenge. Inspired by the dependence of mRNA on 3'-terminal polyadenosine nucleotides (poly A) and poly A binding proteins (PABPs) for optimal expression, we complexed synthetic mRNA containing a poly A tail with PABPs in a stoichiometric manner and stabilized the ribonucleoproteins (RNPs) with a family of polypeptides bearing different arrangements of cationic side groups. We found that the molecular structure of these polypeptides modulates the degree of PABP-mediated enhancement of mRNA expression. This strategy elicits an up to 20-fold increase in mRNA expression in vitro and an approximately fourfold increase in mice. These findings suggest a set of new design principles for gene delivery by the synergistic co-assembly of mRNA with helper proteins.

17.
ACS Nano ; 11(3): 2531-2544, 2017 03 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28157292

RESUMO

Messenger RNA (mRNA) represents a promising class of nucleic-acid-based therapeutics. While numerous nanocarriers have been developed for mRNA delivery, the inherent labile nature of mRNA results in a very low transfection efficiency and poor expression of desired protein. Here we preassemble the mRNA translation initiation structure through an inherent molecular recognition between 7-methylguanosine (m7G)-capped mRNA and eukaryotic initiation factor 4E (eIF4E) protein to form ribonucleoproteins (RNPs), thereby mimicking the first step of protein synthesis inside cells. Subsequent electrostatic stabilization of RNPs with structurally tunable cationic carriers leads to nanosized complexes (nanoplexes), which elicit high levels of mRNA transfection in different cell types by enhancing intracellular mRNA stability and protein synthesis. By investigating a family of synthetic polypeptides bearing different side group arrangements of cationic charge, we find that the molecular structure modulates the nanoscale distance between the mRNA strand and the eIF4E protein inside the nanoplex, which directly impacts the enhancement of mRNA transfection. To demonstrate the biomedical potential of this approach, we use this approach to introduce mRNA/eIF4E nanoplexes to murine dendritic cells, resulting in increased activation of cytotoxic CD8 T cells ex vivo. More importantly, eIF4E enhances gene expression in lungs following a systemic delivery of luciferase mRNA/eIF4E in mice. Collectively, this bioinspired molecular assembly method could lead to a new paradigm of gene delivery.

18.
Neural Regen Res ; 12(12): 2084-2091, 2017 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29323050

RESUMO

Schwann cells play a critical role in peripheral nerve regeneration through dedifferentiation and proliferation. In a previous study, we performed microarray analysis of the sciatic nerve after injury. Accordingly, we predicted that long non-coding RNA NONMMUG014387 may promote Schwann cell proliferation after peripheral nerve injury, as bioinformatic analysis revealed that the target gene of NONMMUG014387 was collagen triple helix repeat containing 1 (Cthrc1). Cthrc1 may promote cell proliferation in a variety of cells by activating Wnt/PCP signaling. Nonetheless, bioinformatic analysis still needs to be verified by biological experiment. In this study, the candidate long non-coding RNA, NONMMUG014387, was overexpressed in mouse Schwann cells by recombinant adenovirus transfection. Plasmid pHBAd-MCMV-GFP-NONMMUG014387 and pHBAd-MCMV-GFP were transfected into Schwann cells. Schwann cells were divided into three groups: control (Schwann cells without intervention), Ad-GFP (Schwann cells with GFP overexpression), and Ad-NONMMUGO148387 (Schwann cells with GFP and NONMMUGO148387 overexpression). Cell Counting Kit-8 assay was used to evaluate proliferative capability of mouse Schwann cells after NONMMUG014387 overexpression. Polymerase chain reaction and western blot assay were performed to investigate target genes and downstream pathways of NONMMUG014387. Cell proliferation was significantly increased in Schwann cells overexpressing lncRNA NONMMUG014387 compared with the other two groups. Further, compared with the control group, mRNA and protein levels of Cthrc1, Wnt5a, ROR2, RhoA, Rac1, JNK, and ROCK were visibly up-regulated in the Ad-NONMMUGO148387 group. Our findings confirm that long non-coding RNA NONMMUG014387 can promote proliferation of Schwann cells surrounding the injury site through targeting Cthrc1 and activating the Wnt/PCP pathway.

19.
Technology (Singap World Sci) ; 4(1): 60-69, 2016 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27853735

RESUMO

This study outlines a drug delivery mechanism that utilizes two independent vehicles, allowing for delivery of chemically and physically distinct agents. The mechanism was utilized to deliver a new anti-cancer combination therapy consisting of piperlongumine (PL) and TRAIL to treat PC3 prostate cancer and HCT116 colon cancer cells. PL, a small-molecule hydrophobic drug, was encapsulated in poly (lactic-co-glycolic acid) (PLGA) nanoparticles. TRAIL was chemically conjugated to the surface of liposomes. PL was first administered to sensitize cancer cells to the effects of TRAIL. PC3 and HCT116 cells had lower survival rates in vitro after receiving the dual nanoparticle therapy compared to each agent individually. In vivo testing involved a subcutaneous mouse xenograft model using NOD-SCID gamma mice and HCT116 cells. Two treatment cycles were administered over 48 hours. Higher apoptotic rates were observed for HCT116 tumor cells that received the dual nanoparticle therapy compared to individual stages of the nanoparticle therapy alone.

20.
Oncotarget ; 7(43): 70404-70419, 2016 10 25.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27611945

RESUMO

Androgens regulate the proliferation and differentiation of prostatic epithelial cells, including prostate cancer (PCa) cells in a context-dependent manner. Androgens and androgen receptor (AR) do not invariably promote cell proliferation; in the normal adult, endogenous stromal and epithelial AR activation maintains differentiation and inhibits organ growth. In the current study, we report that activation of AR differentially regulates the proliferation of human prostate epithelial progenitor cells, NHPrE1, in vitro and in vivo. Inducing AR signaling in NHPrE1 cells suppressed cell proliferation in vitro, concomitant with a reduction in MYC expression. However, ectopic expression of AR in vivo stimulated cell proliferation and induced development of invasive PCa in tissue recombinants consisting of NHPrE1/AR cells and rat urogenital mesenchymal (UGM) cells, engrafted under renal capsule of adult male athymic mice. Expression of MYC increased in the NHPrE1/AR recombinant tissues, in contrast to the reduction seen in vitro. The inhibitory effect of AR signaling on cell proliferation in vitro were reduced by co-culturing NHPrE1/AR epithelial cells with prostatic stromal cells. In conclusion, these studies revealed that AR signaling differentially regulates proliferation of human prostatic epithelia cells in vitro and in vivo through mechanisms involving stromal/epithelial interactions.


Assuntos
Proliferação de Células , Células Epiteliais/metabolismo , Próstata/metabolismo , Receptores Androgênicos/metabolismo , Androgênios/farmacologia , Animais , Diferenciação Celular/efeitos dos fármacos , Linhagem Celular , Técnicas de Cocultura , Células Epiteliais/efeitos dos fármacos , Humanos , Masculino , Camundongos Nus , Próstata/citologia , Proteínas Proto-Oncogênicas c-myc/metabolismo , Ratos , Receptores Androgênicos/genética , Células Estromais/citologia , Células Estromais/metabolismo
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