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1.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34619053

RESUMO

Background: To date, the clinical management of advanced hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) patients remains tough and the mechanisms of E2F transcription factor 1 (E2F1) underlying HCC are obscure. Materials and Methods: Our study integrated datasets mined from several public databases to comprehensively understand the deregulated expression status of E2F1. Tissue microarrays and immunohistochemistry staining was used to validate E2F1 expression level. The prognostic value of E2F1 was assessed. In-depth subgroup analyses were implemented to compare the differentially expressed levels of E2F1 in HCC patients with various tumor stages. Functional enrichments were used to address the predominant targets of E2F1 and shedding light on their potential roles in HCC. Results: We confirmed the elevated expression of E2F1 in HCC. Subgroup analyses indicated that elevated E2F1 level was independent of various stages in HCC. E2F1 possessed moderate discriminatory capability in differentiating HCC patients from non-HCC controls. Elevated E2F1 correlated with Asian race, tumor classification, neoplasm histologic grade, eastern cancer oncology group, and plasma AFP levels. Furthermore, high E2F1 correlated with poor survival condition and pooled HR signified E2F1 as a risk factor for HCC. Enrichment analysis of differentially expressed genes, coexpressed genes, and putative targets of E2F1 emphasized the importance of cell cycle pathway, where CCNE1 and CCNA2 served as hub genes. Conclusions: We confirmed the upregulation of E2F1 and explored the prognostic value of E2F1 in HCC patients. Two putative targeted genes (CCNE1 and CCNA2) of E2F1 were identified for their potential roles in regulating cell cycle and promote antiapoptotic activity in HCC patients.

2.
Bioengineered ; 12(1): 4054-4069, 2021 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34369278

RESUMO

During the pandemic of the coronavirus disease 2019, there exist quite a few studies on angiotensin-converting enzyme 2 (ACE2) and SARS-CoV-2 infection, while little is known about ACE2 in hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). The detailed mechanism among ACE2 and HCC still remains unclear, which needs to be further investigated. In the current study with a total of 6,926 samples, ACE2 expression was downregulated in HCC compared with non-HCC samples (standardized mean difference = -0.41). With the area under the curve of summary receiver operating characteristic = 0.82, ACE2 expression showed a better ability to differentiate HCC from non-HCC. The mRNA expression of ACE2 was related to the age, alpha-fetoprotein levels and cirrhosis of HCC patients, and it was identified as a protected factor for HCC patients via Kaplan-Meier survival, Cox regression analyses. The potential molecular mechanism of ACE2 may be relevant to catabolic and cell division. In all, decreasing ACE2 expression can be seen in HCC, and its protective role for HCC patients and underlying mechanisms were explored in the study.


Assuntos
Enzima de Conversão de Angiotensina 2/genética , Carcinoma Hepatocelular/genética , Cirrose Hepática/genética , Neoplasias Hepáticas/genética , Proteínas de Neoplasias/genética , Receptores Virais/genética , alfa-Fetoproteínas/genética , Fatores Etários , Idoso , Enzima de Conversão de Angiotensina 2/metabolismo , Área Sob a Curva , COVID-19/virologia , Carcinoma Hepatocelular/diagnóstico , Carcinoma Hepatocelular/mortalidade , Carcinoma Hepatocelular/patologia , Bases de Dados Genéticas , Conjuntos de Dados como Assunto , Feminino , Regulação Neoplásica da Expressão Gênica , Humanos , Cirrose Hepática/diagnóstico , Cirrose Hepática/mortalidade , Cirrose Hepática/patologia , Neoplasias Hepáticas/diagnóstico , Neoplasias Hepáticas/mortalidade , Neoplasias Hepáticas/patologia , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Proteínas de Neoplasias/classificação , Proteínas de Neoplasias/metabolismo , Fatores de Proteção , Mapeamento de Interação de Proteínas , Curva ROC , Receptores Virais/metabolismo , SARS-CoV-2/patogenicidade , Análise de Sobrevida , alfa-Fetoproteínas/metabolismo
3.
Med Sci Monit ; 27: e928800, 2021 Feb 24.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33622998

RESUMO

BACKGROUND Hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) causes a heavy disease burden worldwide. Cell division cycle 45 (Cdc45) and its encoding gene (CDC45) have been studied for a long time, but their expression patterns and roles in liver carcinogenesis and advanced HCC deterioration are still incompletely understood. This study integrated tissue microarray and bioinformatics analyses to explore the expression and clinical value of CDC45 and Cdc45 in HCC. MATERIAL AND METHODS In HCC, the expression and relationships with clinic-pathological parameters of CDC45 and Cdc45 were investigated by integrating the RNA-sequencing data, downloaded from The Cancer Genome Atlas and Oncomine databases, and tissue microarray with immunohistochemistry staining. Co-expressed genes and genetic alterations of CDC45 separately obtained from Oncomine and cBioPortal databases were identified to shed light on the potential mechanisms of CDC45 in HCC. RESULTS CDC45 and Cdc45 were both overexpressed in HCC tissues, and the CDC45 level progressively increased from stage I to III. The survival outcomes of the group with high CDC45 expression were significantly worse compared with the group with low expression. Amplification and deep deletion were 2 major significant alteration types in HCC patients, and the outcomes were worse in patients with altered versus unaltered CDC45. NUDT1, E2F1, CCNE2, MCM5, and CENPM were identified as the most significantly co-expressed genes. CONCLUSIONS CDC45 and Cdc45 were both upregulated in HCC, and increased expression levels and genetic alternations of CDC45 were correlated with worse prognosis in HCC patients. CDC45 may promote HCC by co-expressing with NUDT1, E2F1, CCNE2, MCM5, and CENPM.


Assuntos
Carcinoma Hepatocelular/genética , Proteínas de Ciclo Celular/genética , Biomarcadores Tumorais/genética , Proteínas de Ciclo Celular/metabolismo , Biologia Computacional/métodos , Expressão Gênica , Perfilação da Expressão Gênica/métodos , Regulação Neoplásica da Expressão Gênica , Humanos , Neoplasias Hepáticas/genética , Prognóstico , Análise de Sequência de RNA , Transcriptoma
4.
Math Biosci Eng ; 17(6): 8152-8181, 2020 11 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33378938

RESUMO

Breast cancer is the most common female malignancy worldwide and the prognosis of triple-negative breast cancer (TNBC) and advanced breast cancer patients is unsatisfying. The exploration of novel prognostic indicators and appropriate targets is crucial for improving the treatment outcomes of breast cancer patients. The cell division cycle protein 14B (CDC14B) is known for its roles in cell cycle control, but its expression status and molecular function in breast cancer is unknown. This study explores the expression patterns and clinical values of CDC14B in breast cancer tissues. For this research, the authors downloaded gene microarrays and RNA sequencing datasets to examine the expression levels of CDC14B in 5218 breast cancer tissues, comparing them to the expression levels in 1176 normal breast tissues. The relationships between CDC14B and clinicopathologic characteristics of breast cancer were also addressed. The mutation conditions of CDC14B were then clarified using cBioPortal. Finally, differentially expressed genes and co-expressed genes related to CDC14B were filtered using the Limma-Voom package. These genes were intersected to conduct functional annotations and to construct a protein-protein interaction network. It was observed that CDC14B was significantly downregulated in breast cancer tissues but not in normal breast tissues (standardized mean difference = -1.17 [-1.50--0.85], area under the curve = 0.88). In addition, CDC14B downregulation was correlated with the poor prognosis of TNBC patients (hazard ratios < 1; p < 0.05). Amplification was detected to be the most frequent alteration of CDC14B. The presence of this alteration forecasted unfavourable overall survival outcomes in breast cancer patients (p < 0.05). Dysregulated genes that co-expressed with CDC14B were pivotal in cell cycle (namely mitotic-nuclear division and DNA packaging complex) and cancer-related signaling pathways (namely the peroxisome proliferators activated receptor [PPAR] signalling pathway and the AMP-activated protein kinase [AMPK] signalling pathway). Moreover, the genes ADIPOQ and CCNE2 were identified as two promising prognostic factors in breast cancer. In summary, CDC14B was downregulated in breast cancer tissue and may be a promising hallmark in TNBC patients. The dysregulated genes co-expressed with CDC14B may play an important role in the development of breast cancer through PPAR and AMPK signalling pathways.


Assuntos
Fosfatases de Especificidade Dupla/genética , Neoplasias de Mama Triplo Negativas , Regulação para Baixo , Feminino , Regulação Neoplásica da Expressão Gênica , Humanos , Mapas de Interação de Proteínas , Transdução de Sinais , Neoplasias de Mama Triplo Negativas/genética
5.
Cancer Med ; 9(21): 8004-8019, 2020 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32931665

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) remains one of the most common cancers worldwide and tends to be detected at an advanced stage. More effective biomarkers for HCC screening and prognosis assessment are needed and the mechanisms of HCC require further exploration. The role of MAOA in HCC has not been intensively investigated. METHODS: In-house tissue microarrays, genechips, and RNAsequencing datasets were integrated to explore the expression status and the clinical value of MAOA in HCC. Immunohistochemical staining was utilized to determine MAOA protein expression. Intersection genes of MAOA related co-expressed genes and differentially expressed genes were obtained to perform functional enrichment analyses. In vivo experiment was conducted to study the impact of traditional Chinese medicine nitidine chloride (NC) on MAOA in HCC. RESULTS: MAOA was downregulated and possessed an excellent discriminatory capability in HCC patients. Decreased MAOA correlated with poor prognosis in HCC patients. Downregulated MAOA protein was relevant to an advanced TNM stage in HCC patients. Co-expressed genes that positively related to MAOA were clustered in chemical carcinogenesis, where CYP2E1 was identified as the hub gene. In vivo experiment showed that nitidine chloride significantly upregulated MAOA in a nude mouse HCC model. CONCLUSIONS: A decreased MAOA level is not only correlated with aggressive behaviors in males but also serves as a promising biomarker for the diagnosis and prognosis of HCC patients. Moreover, MAOA may play a role in AFB1 toxic transformation through its synergistic action with co-expressed genes, especially CYP3A4. MAOA also serves as a potential therapy target of NC in HCC patients.

7.
Cancer Cell Int ; 20: 392, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32818022

RESUMO

Background: The situation faced by breast cancer patients, especially those with triple-negative breast cancer, is still grave. More effective therapeutic targets are needed to optimize the clinical management of breast cancer. Although collagen type VIII alpha 1 chain (COL8A1) has been shown to be downregulated in BRIP1-knockdown breast cancer cells, its clinical role in breast cancer remains unknown. Methods: Gene microarrays and mRNA sequencing data were downloaded and integrated into larger matrices based on various platforms. Therefore, this is a multi-centered study, which contains 5048 breast cancer patients and 1161 controls. COL8A1 mRNA expression in breast cancer was compared between molecular subtypes. In-house immunohistochemistry staining was used to evaluate the protein expression of COL8A1 in breast cancer. A diagnostic test was performed to assess its clinical value. Furthermore, based on differentially expressed genes (DEGs) and co-expressed genes (CEGs) positively related to COL8A1, functional enrichment analyses were performed to explore the biological function and potential molecular mechanisms of COL8A1 underlying breast cancer. Results: COL8A1 expression was higher in breast cancer patients than in control samples (standardized mean difference = 0.79; 95% confidence interval [CI] 0.55-1.03). Elevated expression was detected in various molecular subtypes of breast cancer. An area under a summary receiver operating characteristic curve of 0.80 (95% CI 0.76-0.83) with sensitivity of 0.77 (95% CI 0.69-0.83) and specificity of 0.70 (95% CI 0.61-0.78) showed moderate capacity of COL8A1 in distinguishing breast cancer patients from control samples. Worse overall survival was found in the higher than in the lower COL8A1 expression groups. Intersected DEGs and CEGs positively related to COL8A1 were significantly clustered in the proteoglycans in cancer and ECM-receptor interaction pathways. Conclusions: Elevated COL8A1 may promote the migration of breast cancer by mediating the ECM-receptor interaction and synergistically interplaying with DEGs and its positively related CEGs independently of molecular subtypes. Several genes clustered in the proteoglycans in cancer pathway are potential targets for developing effective agents for triple-negative breast cancer.

8.
Pathol Res Pract ; 216(1): 152754, 2020 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31787478

RESUMO

Breast cancer (BC) is the most common cancer worldwide. However, the expression and potential mechanism of miR-375 in BC are still controversial. We first collected microRNA chips and microRNA sequencing data from multiple databases for analyzing the expression level of miR-375, and further exploring the target genes and underlying molecular mechanism in BC. miR-375 in BC was predominantly overexpressed compared with that in normal breast tissues (pooled standard mean difference [SMD] = 0.49; 95 % confidence interval [CI]: 0.24-0.73, p < 0.0001). Meanwhile, the overall pooled area under the curve (AUC) in the summary receiver operating characteristic (SROC) of miR-375 was 0.83 (95 % CI = 0.79-0.86) based on 2928 cases of BC patients and 816 cases of controls, while the diagnostic positive likelihood ratio (DLR) positive and the DLR negative value were 3.90 (95 % CI = 2.46-6.19) and 0.39 (95 % CI = 0.28-0.54), respectively. The hazard ratios (HRs) were 1.29 (95 % CI = 1.04-1.6, P = 0.02) and 1.23 (95 % CI = 0.89-1.7, P = 0.22) for the cohorts of METABRIC and The Cancer Genome Atlas (TCGA). In vitro study demonstrated that miR-375 inhibitor could suppress the cell growth and induce apoptosis of BC cells. A total of 107 overlapping genes from microarrays after miR-375 transfection, the TCGA RNA sequencing, the microarrays of Affymetrix platform, and online predicting software were selected as the prospective targets of miR-375 in BC. Based on Gene Ontology (GO) enrichment analysis, the potential targets of miR-375 were notable for their somatic stem cell division, plasma membrane, and proline-rich region binding. Kyoto Encyclopedia of Genes and Genomes (KEGG) pathway examination demonstrated that the targets were associated with the pathways of prion diseases, proteoglycans in cancer, and focal adhesion. Then, 107 targets of miR-375 in BC were used to construct a protein-protein interaction (PPI) network. Finally, EGFR, PRKCA, PPARA, ADIPOQ, and ITSN1 were found to be the hub genes of miR-375. These targets showed negative correlations with miR-375 level. The upregulated miR-375 might play an essential part in the tumorigenesis and progression of BC.


Assuntos
Neoplasias da Mama/genética , Regulação Neoplásica da Expressão Gênica/genética , MicroRNAs/genética , Ativação Transcricional/genética , Biomarcadores Tumorais/metabolismo , Neoplasias da Mama/metabolismo , Simulação por Computador , Feminino , Perfilação da Expressão Gênica/métodos , Humanos , Mapas de Interação de Proteínas/genética , Curva ROC
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