Your browser doesn't support javascript.
loading
Mostrar: 20 | 50 | 100
Resultados 1 - 20 de 191
Filtrar
1.
Microb Pathog ; : 105170, 2021 Sep 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34492305

RESUMO

Bluetongue is a viral disease transmitted by the bite of bloodsucking insects, which mainly occurs in sheep, goats, and cattle. Bluetongue is characterized by fever, leukopenia, and severe catarrhal inflammation of the oral and gastrointestinal mucosa. The present study aimed to evaluate and analyze the prevalence of bluetongue and its associated risk factors in sheep and goats in China. We collected 59 publications from 1988 to 2019 through searches at ScienceDirect, PubMed, the Chongqing VIP Chinese journal database, Wanfang database, and Chinese Web of knowledge. In these studies, a total of 123,982 sheep and goats across 7 regions of China were investigated, and the pooled prevalence of bluetongue in sheep and goats was 18.6%, as assessed using serological methods. The prevalence of bluetongue in Southern China was 30.3%, which was significantly higher than that in Northeastern China (4.7%). The prevalence of bluetongue between sheep (12.9%) and goats (28.1%) was significantly different (P < 0.05). Detection methods subgroup analysis showed that the prevalence of bluetongue was significantly higher (P < 0.05) in the others group (43.8%) than in the agar immunodiffusion (15.9%) and enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay groups (20.5%). In addition, different geographical factors (latitude range, longitude range, altitude range, average precipitation, and average temperature) could affect the prevalence. Our results suggested that bluetongue is widespread in sheep and goats, and sheep and goats in contact with insect media, such as Culicoides, or in a warm and humid environment, could have an increased prevalence of bluetongue disease. Animal disease prevention and control departments should focus on continuous monitoring of the bluetongue epidemic in sheep and goats to prevent and control outbreaks.

2.
Zhongguo Zhong Yao Za Zhi ; 46(14): 3678-3686, 2021 Jul.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34402292

RESUMO

This study aimed to investigate the antidepressant effects of total alkaloids of Fibraurea recisa in HT22 cells damaged by corticosterone (CORT) in vitro and in a mouse model of chronic unpredictable mild stress (CUMS) as well as the underlying mechanisms.In cellular experiments,the viability of CORT-damaged HT22 cells was detected using cell counting kit-8 (CCK-8),and the cell apoptosis was detected by Hoechst 33258 staining.In animal experiments,C57BL/6N mice were randomly divided into the control group,model group,low (100 mg·kg~(-1)),medium (200 mg·kg~(-1)) and high (400 mg·kg~(-1))-dose of total alkaloids of F.recisa groups,and positive control group.After 21 days of CUMS exposure,their depressive behaviors were observed in behavioral and Morris water maze tests.The serum levels of 5-hydroxytryptamine (5-HT),dopamine (DA),and norepinephrine (NE) were assessed by ELISA.The expression levels of apoptosis-related proteins Bcl-2,Bax and cleaved caspase-3 in HT22 cells and mouse hippocampus were detected by Western blot.The results suggested that total alkaloids of F.recisa alleviated the damage of HT22 cells induced by CORT in a dose-dependent manner.The Hoechst 33258 staining uncovered that total alkaloids of F.recisa better reduced the blue spots and inhibited cell apoptosis.The results of animal experiments showed that total alkaloids of F.recisa significantly improved the depression-like behaviors of mice and increased the serum levels of 5-HT,DA and NE as compared with those in the model group.The Western blot assays revealed a significant up-regulation of Bcl-2 protein expression,but an obvious reduction in Bax and cleaved caspase-3protein expression in the total alkaloids of F.recisa group.In conclusion,total alkaloids of F.recisa inhibited depression possibly by regulating the apoptosis-related protein expression or elevating the monoamine neurotransmitter levels in the brain.


Assuntos
Alcaloides , Depressão , Alcaloides/farmacologia , Animais , Antidepressivos/farmacologia , Depressão/tratamento farmacológico , Modelos Animais de Doenças , Hipocampo , Camundongos , Camundongos Endogâmicos C57BL , Estresse Psicológico
3.
Parasite ; 28: 61, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34374643

RESUMO

Eimeria spp. cause the disease coccidiosis, which results in chronic wasting of livestock and can lead to the death of the animal. The disease, common worldwide, has caused huge economic losses to the cattle industry in particular. This is the first systematic review and meta-analysis of the prevalence of bovine Eimeria in China. Our search of five databases including PubMed, ScienceDirect, China National Knowledge Infrastructure (CNKI), Chongqing VIP, and Wan Fang for articles published up to February 29, 2020 on the prevalence of Eimeria in cattle in mainland China yielded 46 articles, in which the prevalence of cattle ranged from 4.6% to 87.5%. The rate of bovine Eimeria infection has been decreasing year by year, from 57.9% before 2000 to 25.0% after 2015, but it is still high. We also analyzed the region, sampling years, detection methods, feeding model, seasons, and species of bovine Eimeria. We recommend that prevention strategies should focus on strengthening detection of Eimeria in calves in the intensive farming model.


Assuntos
Doenças dos Bovinos , Coccidiose , Eimeria , Animais , Bovinos , Doenças dos Bovinos/epidemiologia , China/epidemiologia , Coccidiose/epidemiologia , Coccidiose/veterinária , Fezes , Prevalência , Fatores de Risco
4.
Parasit Vectors ; 14(1): 248, 2021 May 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33971953

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Swine coccidiosis, a protozoan disease caused by coccidia, can result in diarrhoea and weight loss in piglets and even economic losses in the pig industry. Here, we report the first systematic review and meta-analysis of the prevalence of coccidia (including Eimeria spp. and Cystoisospora suis) in pigs in China. METHODS: Five databases (PubMed, ScienceDirect, Chinese Web of Knowledge, Wanfang, and Chongqing VIP) were searched and 50 studies (46,926 domestic pigs, 22 provinces) ultimately identified pertaining to the prevalence of coccidia infection from 1980 to 2019. We incorporated the effect size using the random-effects model in the "meta" package in R software and conducted univariate and multivariate meta-regression analyses using a mixed-effects model. RESULTS: The pooled prevalence rate of coccidia in pigs was 21.9%, including the C. suis infection rate of 9.1%. The highest prevalence of coccidia (39.6%) was found in northwest China, and this region also presented the lowest prevalence of C. suis (4.7%). In the subgroup analysis based on sampling year, the highest prevalence of coccidia was detected in 2001 or earlier (32.6%), whereas the lowest rate was found in 2012 or later (14.3%). An opposite trend was observed for C. suis (5.5% in 2000 or earlier vs 14.4% in 2000 or later). The prevalence of coccidia in extensive farming systems (29.5%) was higher than that in intensive farming systems (17.3%). In contrast, the point estimate of C. suis prevalence was lower in the extensive farming systems (5.1%) than in the intensive farming systems (10.0%), but the difference was not significant (P > 0.05). Among the four age categories, the highest total coccidia prevalence (26.2%) was found in finishing pigs, followed by suckling piglets (19.9%), whereas the highest prevalence of C. suis (14.9%) was observed in suckling piglets. CONCLUSIONS: Our findings suggest that coccidia infection in Chinese pigs is common, although the prevalence of C. suis in pigs does not receive sufficient attention. We recommend the rational use of anticoccidial drugs to avoid drug resistance and the development of preventive and control measures for C. suis to reduce the incidence of swine coccidiosis.


Assuntos
Coccidiose/epidemiologia , Doenças dos Suínos/epidemiologia , Animais , China/epidemiologia , Coccídios/classificação , Coccídios/genética , Coccídios/isolamento & purificação , Coccídios/fisiologia , Coccidiose/parasitologia , Fezes/parasitologia , Prevalência , Suínos , Doenças dos Suínos/parasitologia
5.
Exp Brain Res ; 239(7): 2193-2205, 2021 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33991211

RESUMO

Leaked blood components, injured endothelial cells, local inflammatory response and vasospasm may converge to promote microthrombosis following subarachnoid hemorrhage (SAH). Previously, we showed that the milk fat globule-epidermal growth factor 8 (MFGE8) can mitigate SAH-induced microthrombosis. This present study was aimed to explore the molecular pathway participated in MFGE8-dependent protection on vascular endothelium. Immunofluorescence, immunoblot and behavioral tests were used to determine the molecular partner and signaling pathway mediating the effect of MFGE8 in vascular endothelium in rats with experimental SAH and controls, together with the applications of RNA silencing and pharmacological intervention methods. Relative to control, recombinant human MFGE8 (rhMFGE8) treatment increased 5-bromo-2'-deoxyuridine (BrdU) labeled new endothelial cells, reduced TUNUL-positive endothelial cells and elevated the expression of phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase (PI3K) and chemokine (C-X-C motif) ligand 12 (CXCL12), in the brains of SAH rats. These effects were reversed by MFGE8 RNA silencing, as well as following cilengitide and wortmannin intervention. These results suggest that MFGE8 promotes endothelial regeneration and mitigates endothelial DNA damage through the activation of the TIGß5/PI3K/CXCL12 signaling pathway.


Assuntos
Antígenos de Superfície , Lesões Encefálicas , Proteínas do Leite , Hemorragia Subaracnóidea , Animais , Quimiocina CXCL12 , Modelos Animais de Doenças , Células Endoteliais/metabolismo , Endotélio Vascular/metabolismo , Glicolipídeos , Glicoproteínas , Gotículas Lipídicas , Fosfatidilinositol 3-Quinases/metabolismo , Ratos , Ratos Sprague-Dawley , Transdução de Sinais
6.
PLoS Negl Trop Dis ; 15(4): e0009268, 2021 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33798191

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Echinococcosis (canine Echinococcus disease) is a neglected tropical disease that causes serious public harm. Dogs, as a terminal host of Echinococcus spp., are a key part of the Echinococcus epidemic. Echinococcosis spreads easily in humans and animals in some areas of China and it is therefore necessary to fully understand the prevalence of Echinococcus spp. in dogs. METHODOLOGY/PRINCIPAL FINDINGS: PubMed, ScienceDirect, Chongqing VIP, China National Knowledge Infrastructure (CNKI), and WanFang databases were searched for relevant articles published in the past 10 years. A final total of 108 studies were included. The overall prevalence of Echinococcus spp. in dogs in China was 7.3%, with the highest point estimate found in sampling year 2015 (8.2%) and publication year 2015 (16.5%). Northwestern China (7.9%) had the highest infection rate in China. Qinghai Province (13.5%) showed the highest prevalence among the 11 provinces we included. We also found that geographical and climatic factors are related to the incidence of canine echinococcosis. We further investigated the source of heterogeneity by analysis of subgroups (sampling district, detection method, dog type, season, parasite species, medication, and study quality level). CONCLUSIONS/SIGNIFICANCE: Our research indicated that Echinococcus spp. were still prevalent in some areas in China. More localized prevention and control policies should be formulated, including improving drinking water hygiene and strengthening hygiene promotion. We recommend the rational use of anti-Echinococcus drugs. In addition, treatment of livestock offal and feces and improving the welfare of stray dogs may play an important role in reducing canine Echinococcus infections.


Assuntos
Doenças do Cão/epidemiologia , Equinococose/veterinária , Fezes/parasitologia , Animais , China/epidemiologia , Doenças do Cão/parasitologia , Cães , Equinococose/epidemiologia , Echinococcus/isolamento & purificação , Prevalência , Fatores de Risco
7.
Br J Cancer ; 124(12): 1988-1996, 2021 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33824478

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Pathologic diagnosis of hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) can be challenging in differentiating from benign and non-hepatocytic malignancy lesions. The aim of this study was to investigate the potential utility of α-fetoprotein (AFP) mRNA RNAscope, a sensitive and specific method, in the diagnosis of HCC. METHODS: Three independent retrospective cohorts containing 2216 patients with HCC, benign liver lesions, and non-hepatocytic tumours were examined. AFP was detected using ELISA, IHC (Immunohistochemistry), and RNAscope. Glypican3 (GPC3), hepatocyte paraffin-1 (HepPar-1), and arginase-1 (Arg-1) proteins were detected using IHC. RESULTS: AFP RNAscope improved the HCC detection sensitivity by 24.7-32.7% compared with IHC. In two surgical cohorts, a panel of AFP RNAscope and GPC3 provided the best diagnostic value in differentiating HCC from benign hepatocytic lesions (AUC = 0.905 and 0.811), and a panel including AFP RNAscope, GPC3, HepPar-1, and Arg-1 yielded the best AUC (0.971 and 0.977) when distinguishing HCC from non-hepatocytic malignancies. The results from the liver biopsy cohort were similar, and additional application of AFP RNAscope improved the sensitivity by 18% when distinguishing HCC from benign hepatocytic lesions. CONCLUSIONS: AFP mRNA detected by RNAscope is highly specific for hepatocytic malignancy and may serve as a novel diagnostic biomarker for HCC.

8.
Vector Borne Zoonotic Dis ; 21(7): 517-533, 2021 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33887161

RESUMO

Chlamydia is a small gram-negative (G-) microorganism that can be dangerous to human and animals. In this study, we conducted a systematic review and meta-analysis of Chlamydia infection in swine in China. From PubMed, ScienceDirect, Chinese Web of knowledge (CNKI), VIP Chinese journal database, and Wanfang database, we collected a total of 72 publications reported in 1985-2020. The prevalence of Chlamydia was 22.48% in China. In the sampling year subgroup, the prevalence after 2011 was the highest (26.14%). In southern China, the prevalence was 30.97%. By contrast, the prevalence in northern China was only 10.79%. Also the difference was significant (p < 0.05). In the provincial level, Hubei had the highest rate of 36.23%. Boars had a higher prevalence (29.47%). The prevalence of Chlamydia detection in pigs with reproductive disorders (21.86%) was higher than that without reproductive disorders. Among the three age groups, finishing pigs (21.43%) had the highest prevalence. The prevalence in large-scale farmed pigs (28.58%) was the highest in the subgroup of feeding methods. The prevalence in farms was 24.29%, which was the highest in the survey areas. The prevalence in spring was the highest with 40.51%. Other methods had the highest prevalence (39.61%) than enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) and indirect hemagglutination assay. The prevalence of Chlamydia psittaci 18.41% was lower than the prevalence of Chlamydia abortus (41.35%). We also analyzed the impact of different climate factor subgroups (rainfall, temperature, and humidity) on the probability of pigs suffering from the disease. The results showed that Chlamydia was widespread in pigs in China. We suggest that we should strengthen the detection of Chlamydia in the semen of breeding pigs and pigs with reproductive disorders, and reasonably control the environment of large-scale pig farms, so as to reduce further infection of Chlamydia in pigs.

9.
Cell Mol Gastroenterol Hepatol ; 12(1): 251-276, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33652118

RESUMO

BACKGROUND & AIMS: The circadian clock is crucial for physiological homeostasis including gut homeostasis. Disorder of the circadian clock may contribute to many diseases including inflammatory bowel disease (IBD). However, the role and the mechanisms of circadian clock involvement in IBD still are unclear. METHODS: Disorder of the circadian clock including chronic social jet lag and circadian clock gene deficiency mice (Bmal1-/-, and Per1-/-Per2-/-) were established. Dextran sulfate sodium (DSS) and/or azoxymethane were used to induce mouse models of colitis and its associated colorectal cancer. Flow cytometry, immunohistochemistry, immunofluorescence, Western blot, and reverse-transcription quantitative polymerase chain reaction were used to analyze the characteristics of immune cells and their related molecules. RESULTS: Mice with disorders of the circadian clock including chronic social jet lag and circadian clock gene deficiency were susceptible to colitis. Functionally, regulatory B (Breg) cells highly expressing Programmed cell death 1 ligand 1 (PDL1) in intestinal intraepithelial lymphocytes (IELs) helped to alleviate the severity of colitis after DSS treatment and was dysregulated in DSS-treated Bmal1-/- mice. Notably, interleukin 33 in the intestinal microenvironment was key for Bmal1-regulated PDL1+ Breg cells and interleukin 33 was a target of Bmal1 transcriptionally. Dysregulated PDL1+ B cells induced cell death of activated CD4+ T cells in DSS-treated Bmal1-/- mice. Consequently, circadian clock disorder was characterized as decreased numbers of Breg+ PDL1+ cells in IELs and dysfunction of CD4+ T cells promoted colitis-associated colorectal cancer (CRC) in mice. In clinical samples from CRC patients, low expression of Bmal1 gene in paracancerous tissues and center area of tumor was associated closely with a poorer prognosis of CRC patients. CONCLUSIONS: Our study uncovers the importance of the circadian clock regulating PDL1+ Breg+ cells of IELs in IBD and IBD-associated CRC.

10.
Signal Transduct Target Ther ; 6(1): 115, 2021 Mar 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33707428

RESUMO

The mechanisms and key factors involved in tumor environments for lung metastasis of CRC are still unclear. Here, using clinical samples from lung metastases of CRC patients, we found that intestinal immune network for IgA production was significantly dysregulated in lung metastases of CRC. Single-cell RNA sequencing discovered a subtype of B cells positive for Erbin, one member of the leucine-rich repeat and PDZ domain (LAP) family, was involved in the lung metastases. Erbin deletion in B cells suppressed lung metastasis of CRC in vivo. And, deletion of Erbin in B cells enhanced the killing effects of CD8+ T cells on tumor cells. Mechanistically, Erbin knockout attenuated TGFß-mediated suppression of migration of CXCR5+ IgA+ cells and STAT6-mediated PD1 expression. Our study uncovered a key role of Erbin in regulating PD1+ IgA+ B cells in lung metastasis of CRC. Targeting Erbin as well as combined use of neutralizing B cells and antibodies neutralizing PD1 suppresses lung metastasis of CRC in mice, suggesting the potential option for treatment of lung metastasis of CRC.

11.
Vector Borne Zoonotic Dis ; 21(6): 397-405, 2021 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33646056

RESUMO

Bovine tuberculosis (bTB) is a major chronic bacterial disease in cattle and is the major economic and animal welfare issue in the world. Although the economic costs and public health safety risks associated with the disease are considerable, the overall epidemiology of the Chinese yak (Bos grunniens) bTB is unclear. To fully reveal the basic prevalence of yak bTB in different regions of China, we searched five databases including PubMed, Science Direct, CNKI (China National Knowledge Infrastructure), Wanfang and Chongqing VIP. Based on the incidence and prevalence of yak tuberculosis in China from 1982 to 2020, a meta-analysis of yak bTB in China was established for the first time. By formulating the search formula, 97 studies were searched in five databases. According to the established exclusion criteria and excluded comments and repeated and irrelevance research, we finally selected 19 cross-sectional studies, which showed the prevalence of bTB in Chinese yaks. Random-effect meta-regression model analysis showed that the estimated prevalence of 122,729 yaks in China was 1.0 (95% confidence interval [CI]: 0.0-1.0). The regional prevalence varies greatly, northwest China prevalence rate 0. 39% (95% CI: 0.2-0. 64) and southwest China prevalence rate 2.59% (95% CI: 1.94-3.34); in terms of province level, the prevalence was highest in Tibet 2.59% (95% CI: 1.94-3.34), followed by Xinjiang 2.36% (95% CI: 0.86-4.58), and Shanxi has the lowest 0.00% (95% CI: 0.00-0.98). This systematic review and meta-analysis identified the estimated prevalence of bTB in Chinese yaks and estimated the underlying factors associated with bTB, including geographic location, sampling year, age, and TB detection method. Provide evidence to plan corresponding disease control strategies for policymakers and to assess future economic risks accurately.

12.
Microb Pathog ; 150: 104681, 2021 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33296716

RESUMO

Bovine leukemia is a chronic, progressive, contagious tumor disease characterized by malignant lymphoid cell hyperplasia and systemic lymphadenopathy, and is caused by bovine leukemia virus (BLV). The disease affects almost all countries and regions where livestock are raised, and may even be a potential zoonotic disease. Monitoring and early prevention of bovine leukemia is very important. Therefore, we conducted this meta-analysis, the first of its type in the country, to estimate the prevalence of bovine leukemia in 1983-2019 in China. We included a total of 35 publications reported in 1983-2019 from the PubMed, ScienceDirect, Chinese Web of Knowledge (CNKI), VIP Chinese, and Wan Fang databases. In those articles, a total of 34,954 cattle had been tested, of which 4701 were positive for BLV infection. The estimated pooled BLV prevalence was 10.0% (4701/34,954). Subgroup analysis showed that there were significant differences for sampling years, detection methods, and age. BLV prevalence was highest in the following subgroups: sampled before 1985 (38.5%, 437/1134), age 3-5 years (22.5%, 231/1044), and detected by PCR (17.9%, 1228/5100). Regarding geographic factors, there were significant differences in the latitude and elevation subgroups. BLV prevalence was lowest in the subgroups of 20-30° latitude (3.3%, 255/5069) 200-1000 m altitude (2.2%, 560/11,990). We also analyzed other subgroups such as region, variety, breeding method, precipitation, humidity, and temperature, however, the differences were not significant. Our research indicated that the BLV was still prevalent in some of areas in China. We recommend strengthening the testing of cattle aged >1 year and using flexible testing methods such as PCR to control the prevalence of bovine leukemia and to prevent persistent infection.


Assuntos
Leucose Enzoótica Bovina , Vírus da Leucemia Bovina , Animais , Bovinos , China/epidemiologia , Leucose Enzoótica Bovina/epidemiologia , Vírus da Leucemia Bovina/genética , Reação em Cadeia da Polimerase , Prevalência
13.
Ying Yong Sheng Tai Xue Bao ; 31(9): 3141-3153, 2020 Sep 15.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33345516

RESUMO

The engineering deposits produced by the increasing frequency of production and construction activities are the main source of man-made soil erosion. In this study, we examined the change of runoff-sediment relationship and erosion hydrodynamic characteristics with the engineering deposits of aeolian sandy soil and red soil, based on simulated rainfall experiments with different gravel contents (0, 10%, 20%, 30%) and rainfall intensities (1.0, 1.5, 2.0, 2.5 mm·min-1). The results showed that the sediment yield rate of the aeolian sandy soil deposits gradually increased with the duration of rainfall. The sediment yield rate of red soil deposits under 1.0 mm·min-1 rainfall intensity increased first and then gradually stabilized. Under other rainfall densities, there was a trend of fluctuation after rapid decline, the greater the rainfall intensity and the smaller the gravel content, the more intense the fluctuation. When the gravel content was 0 and 10%, there were rills erosion on the slope surface of aeolian sandy soil accumulation, and the sediment yield rate of rill development stage was 6.74-57.40 times of that of the sheet erosion stage. The erosion process of red soil deposits could be divided into two stages: the loose particle erosion and the soil-rock erosion stage. The sediment yield rate of the loose particle erosion stage was 1.05-3.49 times that of the soil-rock erosion stage. In general, the sediment yield rate of two soil deposits increased with increasing rainfall intensity. The sediment yield rate fluctuated with the increases of gravel content at 1.0 and 1.5 mm·min-1, with a decreasing trend under >1.5 mm·min-1. The sediment yield rate of aeolian sandy soil deposits was 1.45-4.14 times of that of red soil deposits under the same rainfall and gravel content conditions. During the erosion process of aeolian sandy soil deposits, the runoff-sediment relationship changed from low sediment concentration to high sediment concentration, while there was a reverse relationship for red soil deposits. During the high sediment concentration period, the increasing rate of the sediment yield rate of aeolian sandy soil deposits was 1.94-37.60 times of that of red soil deposits. For low sediment concentration period, the decreasing rate of the sediment yield rate of red soil deposits was 1.40-21.30 times of that of aeolian sandy soil deposits. In general, the runoff power was better than the runoff shear force in describing the erosion dyna-mics of these two types of deposits. The critical runoff power increased with increasing gravel content. The critical runoff power of aeolian sandy soil deposits during the rill erosion stage (0.02-0.04 W·m-2) was two times of that of the sheet erosion stage, while the critical stream power was lower than that of the red soil deposits. These results provide a scientific reference for modelling soil erosion processes for engineering deposits.


Assuntos
Chuva , Movimentos da Água , Sedimentos Geológicos , Humanos , Solo , Erosão do Solo
14.
Mol Cancer ; 19(1): 164, 2020 11 23.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33225938

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Circular RNA (circRNAs) and hypoxia have been found to play the key roles in the pathogenesis and progression of cancer including colorectal cancer (CRC). However, the expressions and functions of the specific circRNAs in regulating hypoxia-involved CRC metastasis, and the circRNAs that are relevant to regulate HIF-1α levels in CRC remain elusive. METHODS: qRT-PCR was used to detect the expression of circRNAs and mRNA in CRC cells and tissues. Fluorescence in situ hybridization (FISH) was used to analyze the location of circ-ERBIN. Function-based experiments were performed using circ-ERBIN overexpression and knockdown cell lines in vitro and in vivo, including CCK8, colony formation, EdU assay, transwell, tumor growth and metastasis models. Mechanistically, luciferase reporter assay, western blots and immunohistochemical stainings were performed. RESULTS: Circ-Erbin was highly expressed in the CRC cells and Circ-Erbin overexpression facilitated the proliferation, migration and metastasis of CRC in vitro and in vivo. Notably, circ-Erbin overexpression significantly promoted angiogenesis by increasing the expression of hypoxia induced factor (HIF-1α) in CRC. Mechanistically, circ-Erbin accelerated a cap-independent protein translation of HIF-1α in CRC cells as the sponges of miR-125a-5p and miR-138-5p, which synergistically targeted eukaryotic translation initiation factor 4E binding protein 1(4EBP-1). CONCLUSIONS: Our findings uncover a key mechanism for circ-Erbin mediated HIF-1α activation by miR-125a-5p-5p/miR-138-5p/4EBP-1 axis and circ-ERBIN is a potential target for CRC treatment.

15.
J Atr Fibrillation ; 13(1): 2397, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33024498

RESUMO

Atrial fibrillation is common following cardiac and non-cardiac thoracic surgery and is associated with poorer outcomes, including: increased risk of stroke, hemodynamic instability, prolonged hospital stay, and increased mortality. Current understanding suggests that post-op atrial fibrillation results from the interplay of local and systemic operative inflammation, increased sympathetic activity, perhaps the release of free radical species in the perioperative period, and the patient's underlying cardiac substrate. Cardiac denervation following orthotopic heart transplant (OHT) using modern bicaval techniques presents a unique opportunity to study the relative contribution of the autonomic nervous system to post-op atrial fibrillation susceptibility. Observational studies show a reduced incidence of post-operative atrial fibrillation following orthotopic heart transplant compared to other cardiac and thoracic surgeries. Moreover, comparison of atrial fibrillation rates with double lung transplant recipients suggests that cardiac denervation has a contribution apart from surgical pulmonary vein isolation alone. This report reviews current concepts of the mechanisms of post-op atrial fibrillation with a focus on the role of the autonomic nervous system, the autonomic regulation of the native heart, and evidence regarding the impact of cardiac denervation following OHT.

16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33085921

RESUMO

Background: Tumor microenvironment (TME) significantly affects colorectal cancer (CRC) progression and therapeutic efficacy, particularly the infiltrating stromal components. This study aimed to profile the TME composition of tumor tissue and identify TME-related, especially stroma-related genes having prognosis value in CRC patients. Materials and Methods: We used ESTIMATE algorithm to assess stromal/immune component and divided 524 CRC cases of public dataset into high- and low-score groups. We analyzed effect of the score on prognosis and extracted the differential expression genes (DEGs) between groups, which were stromal- and/or immune-related genes, and performed prognostic investigation of the DEGs. Results: Higher stromal score was correlated with poor survival, whereas immune score was the opposite. By comparing global gene expression of cases with high vs. low stromal/immune scores, we extracted 474 stroma-related genes, 76 immune-related genes, and 498 intersection genes, which were explored by function enrichment and survival analysis. We identified the expression of five stroma-related genes (including ITGA7, PTPN14, SCG2, TNS1, and GRP) significantly associated with poorer survival, which were validated in the other two independent CRC cohorts. Conclusion: These results presented a comprehensive understanding of TME components and identified five stroma-related genes that predict poor outcomes in CRC patients.

17.
J Nucl Cardiol ; 2020 Oct 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33089879

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: We aimed to evaluate the feasibility of resting myocardial blood flow (rMBF), quantified with dynamic 13 N-Ammonia (NH3) PET, for identifying myocardial viability and predicting improvement of left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF) after coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG). METHODS: Ninety-three patients with coronary artery disease (CAD) and chronic LVEF < 45%, scheduled for CABG, had dynamic 13NH3 PET and 18F-FDG PET imaging. The perfusion/metabolism polar maps were categorized in four patterns: normal (N), mismatch (M1), match (M2) and reverse mismatch (RM). The value of rMBF for identifying viable myocardium (M1, RM) and post CABG improvement of LVEF≥8% was analyzed by receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curves. Correlations of rMBF in segments to ΔLVEF post CABG were verified. RESULTS: Mean rMBFs were significantly different (N=0.60±0.14; M1=0.44±0.07, M2=0.34±0.08, RM=0.53±0.09 ml/min/g, P<0.001). The optimal rMBF cutoff to identify viable myocardium was 0.42 ml/min/g (sensitivity=88.3%, specificity=82.0%) and 0.43 ml/min/g for predicting improvement of LVEF ≥8% (74.6%, 80.0%). The extent and rMBF of combined M1/RM demonstrated a moderate to high correlation to improved LVEF (r=0.78, 0.71, P<0.001). CONCLUSION: Resting MBF, derived by dynamic 13NH3 PET, may be positioned as a supplement to 18F-FDG PET imaging for assessing the presence of viable myocardium and predicting potential improvement of LVEF after CABG.

18.
Microb Pathog ; 149: 104490, 2020 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32956791

RESUMO

Porcine circovirus type 2 (PCV2) causes infectious diseases in pigs leading to considerable economic losses in the pig industry. To prevent and control PCV2 infections, is important to understand the prevalence and geographical distribution of the virus. We performed the first systematic review and meta-analysis to estimate the prevalence of PCV2 in China. From PubMed, ScienceDirect, Chinese Web of Knowledge, Wanfang, and VIP Chinese Journal, we extracted 53 studies published in China between 2015 and 2019. There were 29,051 samples, 14,230 of which were positive for PCV2. The pooled prevalence of PCV2 was 46.0%, with the highest in Northeastern China (58.1%). The highest prevalence was 86.3% in Xinjiang province. Nursery pigs had the highest prevalence of PCV2 (50.9%), and the serological test detected the highest number of cases (58.5%). PCV2 prevalence was 50.1% in intensive farms and 37.5% in extensive farms. Our findings showed that PCV2 is common throughout China. Effective control measures are necessary to reduce PCV2 infections.


Assuntos
Infecções por Circoviridae , Circovirus , Doenças dos Suínos , Animais , China/epidemiologia , Infecções por Circoviridae/epidemiologia , Infecções por Circoviridae/veterinária , Prevalência , Suínos , Doenças dos Suínos/epidemiologia
19.
Microbiome ; 8(1): 120, 2020 08 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32819434

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Autism spectrum disorder (ASD) is a developmental disorder, and the effective pharmacological treatments for the core autistic symptoms are currently limited. Increasing evidence, particularly that from clinical studies on ASD patients, suggests a functional link between the gut microbiota and the development of ASD. However, the mechanisms linking the gut microbiota with brain dysfunctions (gut-brain axis) in ASD have not yet been full elucidated. Due to its genetic mutations and downregulated expression in patients with ASD, EPHB6, which also plays important roles in gut homeostasis, is generally considered a candidate gene for ASD. Nonetheless, the role and mechanism of EPHB6 in regulating the gut microbiota and the development of ASD are unclear. RESULTS: Here, we found that the deletion of EphB6 induced autism-like behavior and disturbed the gut microbiota in mice. More importantly, transplantation of the fecal microbiota from EphB6-deficient mice resulted in autism-like behavior in antibiotic-treated C57BL/6J mice, and transplantation of the fecal microbiota from wild-type mice ameliorated the autism-like behavior in EphB6-deficient mice. At the metabolic level, the disturbed gut microbiota in EphB6-deficient mice led to vitamin B6 and dopamine defects. At the cellular level, the excitation/inhibition (E/I) balance in the medial prefrontal cortex was regulated by gut microbiota-mediated vitamin B6 in EphB6-deficient mice. CONCLUSIONS: Our study uncovers a key role for the gut microbiota in the regulation of autism-like social behavior by vitamin B6, dopamine, and the E/I balance in EphB6-deficient mice, and these findings suggest new strategies for understanding and treating ASD. Video abstract.


Assuntos
Transtorno do Espectro Autista/metabolismo , Transtorno do Espectro Autista/microbiologia , Microbioma Gastrointestinal , Homeostase , Receptores da Família Eph/deficiência , Vitamina B 6/metabolismo , Animais , Transtorno do Espectro Autista/genética , Transtorno do Espectro Autista/psicologia , Transtorno Autístico/genética , Transtorno Autístico/metabolismo , Transtorno Autístico/microbiologia , Transtorno Autístico/psicologia , Dopamina/metabolismo , Microbioma Gastrointestinal/genética , Masculino , Camundongos , Camundongos Endogâmicos C57BL , Inibição Neural , Córtex Pré-Frontal/metabolismo , Receptores da Família Eph/genética , Comportamento Social
20.
Mol Imaging ; 19: 1536012120947506, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32758064

RESUMO

OBJECTVES: To comparatively explore the differences between 18F-Flurpiridaz and 13N-NH3·H2O PET/CT myocardial perfusion imaging in miniature pigs. METHODS: Ten Bama minipigs were divided into normal group and myocardial infarction group. The changes of the ratio of left ventricular myocardium to main organs with time were calculated and the best imaging time was confirmed for 18F-Flurpiridaz imaging in normal group. The image quality score, summed rest score(SRS), Extend, total perfusion deficit(TPD) and left ventricle ejection fraction(LVEF) were respectively compared for 18F-Flurpiridaz and 13N-NH3·H2O in infarction group. RESULTS: 18F-Flurpiridaz was rapid distributed in myocardium, and the background counts of cardiac cavity were very low, and no obvious interference extracardiac radioactivity was observed. The radioactive ratio of the left ventricular myocardium to cardiac blood pool and adjacent liver were high. Compared with 13N-NH3·H2O, there were no significant differences in functional parameters, including SRS, Extend, TPD and LVEF. CONCLUSION: The results preliminaryly show that 18F-FIurpiridaz is a promising positron MPI agent with good image quality, ability of accurately evaluating cardiac function, and also convenience for application.

SELEÇÃO DE REFERÊNCIAS
DETALHE DA PESQUISA
...