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Medicine (Baltimore) ; 98(8): e13918, 2019 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30813122


RATIONALE: Spasticity is a common issue in chronic stroke. To date, no study has reported the long-term (up to 1 year) outcomes of Fu's subcutaneous needling in combination with constraint-induced movement therapy in chronic stroke. This report describes the successful addition of acupuncture on spasticity and arm function in a patient with chronic stroke and arm paresis. PATIENT CONCERNS: The patient suffered an infarction in the right posterior limb of the internal capsule 1 year ago, which resulted in hemiparesis in his left (nondominant) hand and arm. The only limitation for constraint-induced movement therapy was insufficient finger extension. The patient was unable to voluntarily extend his interphalangeal or metacarpophalangeal joints beyond the 10 degrees required for constraint-induced movement therapy. However, his muscle tension did not change after the BTX type A injection. DIAGNOSES: A 35-year-old male experienced arm paresis after an infarction in the right posterior limb of the internal capsule 1 year before the intervention. INTERVENTIONS: The BTX type A injection did not work, so the patient received Fu's subcutaneous needling as an alternative therapy before 5 h of constraint-induced movement therapy for 12 weekdays. OUTCOMES: All outcome measures (Modified Ashworth Scale, Fugl-Meyer Assessment, Action Research Arm Test, and Motor Activity Log) substantially improved over the 1-year period. Moreover, during the observation period, the patient's muscle tone and arm function did not worsen. LESSONS: As a result of a reduction in spasticity, a reduction of learned nonuse behaviors, or use-dependent plasticity after the combined therapy, the arm functions include volitional movements, and coordination or speed of movements in the paretic arm have been improved. However, we cannot rule out the possibility of an influence of the passage of time or the Hawthorne effect. The costs of the treatment of stroke may be reduced, if this combined therapy proved useful in future controlled studies.

Terapia por Acupuntura/métodos , Técnicas de Exercício e de Movimento/métodos , Espasticidade Muscular/reabilitação , Paresia/reabilitação , Reabilitação do Acidente Vascular Cerebral/métodos , Terapia por Acupuntura/economia , Adulto , Braço/fisiopatologia , Doença Crônica , Terapia Combinada , Técnicas de Exercício e de Movimento/economia , Seguimentos , Humanos , Masculino , Espasticidade Muscular/etiologia , Agulhas , Paresia/etiologia , Acidente Vascular Cerebral/complicações , Resultado do Tratamento
BMJ Open ; 6(9): e012140, 2016 09 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27694489


INTRODUCTION: With a rapidly ageing population, sarcopenic obesity, defined as decreased muscle mass and function combined with increased body fat, is a complex health problem. Although sarcopenic obesity contributes to a decline in physical function and exacerbates frailty in older adults, evidence from clinical trials about the effect of exercise and nutrition on this complex syndrome in Chinese older adults is lacking. METHODS AND ANALYSIS: We devised a study protocol for a single-blind randomised controlled trial. Sarcopenia is described as age-related decline in muscle mass plus low muscle strength and/or low physical performance. Obesity is defined as a percentage of body fat above the 60th centile. Ninety-two eligible participants will be randomly assigned to a control group, nutrition group, exercise group and nutrition plus exercise group to receive an 8-week intervention and 12-week follow-up. The primary outcomes will be the change in short physical performance battery scores, grip strength and 6 m usual gait speed. The secondary outcomes will include basic activities of daily living scores, instrumental activity daily living scores, body composition and body anthropometric indexes. For all main analyses, the principle of intention-to-treat will be used. ETHICS AND DISSEMINATION: This study was approved by the medical ethics committee of Zhejiang Hospital on 25 November 2015. The study will present data targeting the clinical effects of nutrition and exercise on physical function and body composition in a Chinese older population with sarcopenic obesity. The results will help to provide important clinical evidence of the role of complex non-pharmaceutical interventions for sarcopenic obese older people. The findings of this study will be submitted to peer-reviewed medical journals for publication and presented at relevant academic conferences. TRIAL REGISTRATION NUMBER: ChiCTR-IOR-15007501; Pre-results.

Terapia por Exercício/métodos , Terapia Nutricional/métodos , Obesidade/terapia , Sarcopenia/complicações , Atividades Cotidianas , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Composição Corporal , China , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Força Muscular , Músculo Esquelético/patologia , Estado Nutricional , Projetos de Pesquisa , Método Simples-Cego , Teste de Caminhada
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-24803946


Spinal cord injury (SCI) can induce a series of histological, biochemical, and functional changes. Acupuncture is commonly used for SCI patients. Using male rats of spinal cord injury with the New York University (NYU) Impactor, we investigated the response of electroacupuncture (EA), manual acupuncture (MA), and transcutaneous acupoint electrical stimulation (TAES) at Shuigou (DU26) and Fengfu (DU16) acupoints to understand the effects and mechanisms of acupuncture in neuroprotection and neuronal function recovery after SCI. Histological study showed a restored neural morphology and an increase in the quantity of neurons after EA, MA, and TAES administrations. Acupuncture's antioxidation effects were demonstrated by alleviation of the post-SCI superoxide dismutase (SOD) activity increase and malondialdehyde (MDA) level decrease. The anti-inflammation effect of acupuncture was shown as the reduced expression of inflammatory cytokines including interleukin-1 ß (IL-1 ß ), interleukin-6 (IL-6), and tumor necrosis factor- α (TNF- α ) when SCI was treated. And the antiapoptosis role was approved by TUNEL staining. Our data confirmed that the role of acupuncture in neuroprotection and dorsal neuronal function recovery after rat SCI, especially, EA stimulating at Shuigou (DU26) and Fengfu (DU16) can greatly promote neuronal function recovery, which may result from antioxidation, anti-inflammation, and antiapoptosis effects of acupuncture.