Your browser doesn't support javascript.
loading
Mostrar: 20 | 50 | 100
Resultados 1 - 20 de 1.357
Filtrar
1.
Adv Mater ; : e2104330, 2021 Oct 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34623707

RESUMO

As a low-cost substitute that uses no expensive rare-earth elements for the high-efficiency Cu(In,Ga)(S,Se)2 solar cell, the Cu2 ZnSn(S,Se)4 (CZTSSe) solar cell has borrowed optimization strategies used for its predecessor to improve its device performance, including a profiled band gap and surface inversion. Indeed, there have been few reports of constructing CZTSSe absorber layers with surface inversion to improve efficiency. Here, a strategy that designs the CZTSSe absorber to attain surface modification by using n-type Ag2 ZnSnS4 is demonstrated. It has been discovered that Ag plays two major roles in the kesterite thin film devices: surface inversion and front gradient distribution. It has not only an excellent carrier transport effect and reduced probability of electron-hole recombination but also results in increased carrier separation by increasing the width of the depletion region, leading to much improved VOC and JSC . Finally, a champion CZTSSe solar cell renders efficiency as high as 12.55%, one of the highest for its type, with the open-circuit voltage deficit reduced to as low as 0.306 V (63.2% Shockley-Queisser limit). The band engineering for surface modification of the absorber and high efficiency achieved here shine a new light on the future of the CZTSSe solar cell.

2.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34615348

RESUMO

The Schottky back-contact barrier at the Mo/Cu(In,Ga)Se2 (CIGS) interface is one of the critical issues that restrict the photovoltaic performance of CIGS solar cells. The formation of a MoSe2 intermediate layer can effectively reduce this back-contact barrier leading to efficient hole transport. However, the selenium-free atmosphere is unfavorable for the formation of the desired MoSe2 intermediate layer if the CIGS films are prepared by the commonly used direct sputtering process. In this work, high-efficiency CIGS solar cells with a MoSe2 intermediate layer were fabricated by the direct sputtering process without a selenium atmosphere. This is enabled by an intermediate CIGS layer deposited on the Mo substrate at room temperature before being ramped to a high temperature (600 °C). The room-temperature-deposited amorphous CIGS intermediate layer is Se rich, which reacts with the Mo substrate and forms very thin MoSe2 at the interface during the high-temperature process. The formed MoSe2 decreased the CIGS/Mo barrier height for better hole transport. Consequently, the CIGS solar cell with an 80 nm intermediate layer achieved a power conversion efficiency of up to 15.8%, which is a benchmark efficiency for the direct sputtering process without Se supply. This work provides the industry a new approach for commercialization of directly sputtered CIGS solar cells.

3.
Hepatol Int ; 2021 Oct 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34626331

RESUMO

BACKGROUND AND AIMS: A consensus of experts suggests that nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) does not appropriately reflect current knowledge and metabolic-associated fatty liver disease (MAFLD) is supposed to be a more suitable overarching concept. However, the association of MAFLD with cardiovascular outcomes in patients with coronary artery disease has not been examined yet. Thus, this study aimed to assess the impact of MAFLD on major adverse cardiac events (MACEs) in patients with chronic coronary syndrome (CCS). METHODS: This study included 3306 patients with CCS who were diagnosed with MAFLD. Controls without MAFLD were matched (1:1) to cases by age and gender. All participants were followed up for the occurrence of MACEs. Finally, the association between MAFLD and the risk of MACEs was assessed. RESULTS: During an average of 55.09 ± 19.92 months follow-up, 376 and 248 MACEs were observed in MAFLD and control groups, respectively. When compared with controls, Kaplan-Meier analysis showed that patients with MAFLD had significantly lower event-free survival rate and multivariate Cox regression analysis further revealed that MAFLD group had significantly increased MACEs risk (both p < 0.05). Stratification analysis suggested that patients with MAFLD overlapped with NAFLD or MAFLD-only had 1.33-fold and 2.32-fold higher risk of MACEs respectively compared with controls (both p < 0.05). CONCLUSION: This study firstly showed that MAFLD was significantly associated with the risk of MACEs in patients with CCS. Moreover, this relationship remained unchanged irrespective of whether satisfying the NAFLD criteria, providing novel evidence for the good utility of MAFLD criteria in clinical practice.

4.
Environ Pollut ; : 118254, 2021 Oct 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34610412

RESUMO

The San Joaquin Valley (SJV) of California has suffered persistent particulate matter (PM) pollution despite many years of control efforts. To further understand the chemical drivers of this problem and to support the development of State Implementation Plan for PM, a time-of-flight aerosol chemical speciation monitor (ToF-ACSM) outfitted with a PM2.5 lens and a capture vaporizer has been deployed at the Fresno-Garland air monitoring site of the California Air Resource Board (CARB) since Oct. 2018. The instrument measured non-refractory species in PM2.5 continuously at 10 min resolution. In this study, data acquired from Oct. 2018 to May 2019 were analyzed to investigate the chemical characteristics, sources and atmospheric processes of PM2.5 in the SJV. Comparisons of the ToF-ACSM measurement with various co-located aerosol instruments show good agreements. The inter-comparisons indicated that PM2.5 in Fresno was dominated by submicron particles during the winter whereas refractory species accounted for a major fraction of PM2.5 mass during the autumn associated with elevated PM10 loadings. A rolling window positive matrix factorization analysis was applied to the organic aerosol (OA) mass spectra using the Multilinear Engine (ME-2) algorithm. Three distinct OA sources were identified, including vehicle emissions, local and regional biomass burning, and formation of oxygenated species. There were significant seasonal variations in PM2.5 composition and sources. During the winter, residential wood burning and oxidation of nitrogen oxides were major contributors to the occurrence of haze episodes with PM2.5 dominated by biomass burning OA and nitrate. In autumn, agricultural activities and wildfires were found to be the main cause of PM pollution. PM2.5 concentrations decreased significantly after spring and were dominated by oxygenated OA during March to May. Our results highlight the importance of using seasonally dependent control strategies to mitigate PM pollution in the SJV.

5.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34492203

RESUMO

Background: With the development of surgical techniques, gastrointestinal surgeons seek ways to improve the quality of life (QOL) for postoperative patients, while ensuring the tumor radical effect, such as reducing trauma, alleviating pain, and preserving the anus. This article discusses the postoperative outcomes of completely laparoscopic transabdominal approach partial intersphincteric resection (CLTPISR). Materials and Methods: The clinical data of 68 patients who underwent CLTPISR at the Affiliated Hospital of Chengde Medical College between May 2017 and June 2020, including procedure-related data, general postoperative conditions, and postoperative anal function data, were retrospectively analyzed to investigate the feasibility and safety of CLTPISR. Results: All 68 rectal cancer patients completed the CLTPISR. The average age was (60.47 ± 7.08) years, the average operative time was (196.22 ± 8.15) minutes, the mean operative bleeding was (49.12 ± 29.61) mL, and the average postoperative hospital stay was (13.46 ± 4.78) days. The postoperative pathology showed that the circumferential margins and distal margins were all negative, the maximum tumor diameter was (3.26 ± 1.11) cm, the distance from the anal verge was (3.92 ± 0.89) cm, and the average number of lymph nodes cleared was (11.06 ± 3.67). There were 28 stage I patients (41.18%), 21 stage II patients (30.88%), and 19 stage III patients (27.94%). The median follow-up time after surgery was 28 months, and the rates of distant metastasis, disease-free survival, and overall survival of the patients were 8.82%, 91.18%, and 95.59%, respectively. The patient's postoperative anal function gradually recovered as time increased. Conclusions: Under the premise of strictly grasping the indications, the CLTPISR is a safe and feasible surgery. It could achieve maximum anal preservation and improve patients' QOL, while maintaining the tumor radical effect, and had the advantages of the short operation time, low intraoperative bleeding, and quick recovery. The Clinical Trial Registration number is LL2020397.

6.
Math Biosci Eng ; 18(5): 6941-6960, 2021 08 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34517565

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Esophageal squamous cell carcinoma (ESCC) is one of the most common cancers in the world, the detection and prognosis of which are still unsatisfactory. Thus, it is essential to explore the factors that may identify ESCC and evaluate the prognosis of ESCC patients. RESULTS: Both protein and mRNA expression levels of BIRC5 are upregulated in ESCC group rather than non-ESCC group (standardized mean difference > 0). BIRC5 mRNA expression is related to the age, tumor location, lymph node stage and clinical stage of ESCC patients (p < 0.05). BIRC5 expression makes it feasible to distinguish ESCC from non-ESCC (area under the curve > 0.9), and its high expression is related to poor prognosis of ESCC patients (restrictive survival time difference = -0.036, p < 0.05). BIRC5 may play an important role in ESCC by influencing the cell cycle pathway, and CDK1, MAD2L and CDC20 may be the hub genes of this pathway. The transcription factors-MAZ and TFPD1 -are likely to regulate the transcription of BIRC5, which may be one of the factors for the high expression of BIRC5 in ESCC. CONCLUSIONS: The current study shows that upregulation of BIRC5 may have essential clinical value in ESCC, and contributes to the understanding of the pathogenesis of ESCC.


Assuntos
Carcinoma de Células Escamosas , Neoplasias Esofágicas , Carcinoma de Células Escamosas do Esôfago , Carcinoma de Células Escamosas/genética , Neoplasias Esofágicas/genética , Carcinoma de Células Escamosas do Esôfago/genética , Regulação Neoplásica da Expressão Gênica , Humanos , Survivina/genética , Regulação para Cima
7.
Allergol Immunopathol (Madr) ; 49(5): 64-71, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34476924

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: Bronchopneumonia is a common respiratory infection disease and is the leading cause of hospitalization in children under 5 years of age. Inflammation is the primary response caused by bronchopneumonia. But the detailed underlying mechanism of inflammation in bronchopneumonia remains unclear. Therefore, this study focused on studying the effect of miR-216a-5p on inflammation induced by bronchopneumonia and investigate the potential mechanism underlying it. METHODS: Human bronchial epithelial cells (BEAS-2B) were stimulated using lipopolysaccha-rides (LPS) to trigger bronchopneumonia in vitro. The production of interleukin (IL)-1ß, IL-6, and Tumor necrosis factor (TNF)-α was measured using the enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay. The luciferase assay was conducted to explore the relationship between miR-216a-5p and TGFBR2. Quantitative real-time polymerase chain reaction and western blot were used to detect the gene expression. RESULTS: miR-216a-5p gene expression decreased in BEAS-2B cells stimulated by LPS. Overexpression of miR-216a-5p suppressed the elevated levels of IL-1ß, IL-6, and TNF-α induced by LPS. Transforming growth factor-beta receptor 2 (TGFBR2) proved to be a direct target of miR-216a-5p, and they negatively modulated TGFBR2 expression. In addition, overexpression of miR-216a-5p inhibited LPS-induced protein levels of TGFBR2,transforming growth factor (TGF)-ß1, and phosphorylation of SMAD family member 2 (smad2),. This ectopic expression of miR-216a-5p was restored by overexpressed TGFBR2. CONCLUSION: miR-216a-5p was decreased in LPS-stimulated BEAS-2B cells. Overexpressed miR-216a-5p suppressed LPS-induced inflammation in BEAS-2B cells by inhibition of TGF-ß1 signaling via down-regulating TGFBR2. miR-216a-5p may be a valuable target for anti-inflammation treatment in bronchopneumonia.Bronchopneumonia is a common respiratory infection disease and is the main cause of hospitalization in children under 5 years of age. Inflammation is a primary response caused by bronchopneumonia. But the detailed underlying mechanism of inflammation in bronchopneumonia remains unclear. Therefore, this study focused on studying the effect of miR-216a-5p on inflammation caused by bronchopneumonia and investigate the potential mechanism underlying it. In this study, human bronchial epithelial cells (BEAS-2B) were stimulated using lipopolysaccharides (LPS) to trigger bronchopneumonia in vitro. miR-216a-5p was decreased in BEAS-2B cells stimulated by LPS. Overexpression of miR-216a-5p suppressed the elevated levels of interleukin (IL)-1ß, IL-6, and Tumor necrosis factor (TNF)-α induced by LPS. Transforming growth factor-beta receptor 2 (TGFBR2) proved to be a direct target of miR-216a-5p, and they negatively modulated TGFBR2 expression. In addition, overexpression of miR-216a-5p inhibited LPS-induced protein levels of TGFBR2,transforming growth factor-beta 1 (TGF-ß1), and phosphorylation of SMAD family member 2 (smad2. This ectopic overexpression of miR-216a-5p was restored by overexpressed TGFBR2. In conclusion, miR-216a-5p was decreased in LPS-stimulated BEAS-2B cells. Overexpressed miR-216a-5p suppressed LPS-induced inflammation in BEAS-2B cells by inhibition of TGF-ß1 signaling via down-regulating TGFBR2. miR-216a-5p may be a valuable target for anti-inflammation treatment in bronchopneumonia.

8.
J Trauma Nurs ; 28(5): 298-303, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34491945

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The high mortality rate of comatose patients with traumatic brain injury is a prominent public health issue that negatively impacts patients and their families. Objective, reliable tools are needed to guide treatment decisions and prioritize resources. OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to evaluate the prognostic value of the bispectral index (BIS) in comatose patients with severe brain injury. METHODS: This was a retrospective cohort study of 84 patients with severe brain injury and Glasgow Coma Scale (GCS) scores of 8 and less treated from January 2015 to June 2017. Sedatives were withheld at least 24 hr before BIS scoring. The BIS value, GCS scores, and Full Outline of UnResponsiveness (FOUR) were monitored hourly for 48 hr. Based on the Glasgow Outcome Scale (GOS) score, the patients were divided into poor (GOS score: 1-2) and good prognosis groups (GOS score: 3-5). The correlation between BIS and prognosis was analyzed by logistic regression, and the receiver operating characteristic curves were plotted. RESULTS: The mean (SD) of the BIS value: 54.63 (11.76), p = .000; and GCS score: 5.76 (1.87), p = .000, were higher in the good prognosis group than in the poor prognosis group. Lower BIS values and GCS scores were correlated with poorer prognosis. Based on the area under the curve of receiver operating characteristic curves, the optimal diagnostic cutoff value of the BIS was 43.6, and the associated sensitivity and specificity were 85.4% and 74.4%, respectively. CONCLUSION: Taken together, our study indicates that BIS had good predictive value on prognosis. These findings suggested that BIS could be used to evaluate the severity and prognosis of severe brain injury.


Assuntos
Lesões Encefálicas , Coma , Coma/diagnóstico , Eletroencefalografia , Escala de Coma de Glasgow , Humanos , Prognóstico , Estudos Retrospectivos
9.
J Mech Behav Biomed Mater ; 124: 104830, 2021 Sep 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34530300

RESUMO

In this work, molecular dynamics simulations are conducted to investigate the structural and mechanical properties of dental materials, i.e., the silica nanorod reinforced Bis-GMA/TEGDMA resin composite. The effects of loading content and size of the silica nanorods on the composite stiffness were performed by examining resin chain conformation, hydrogen bonds and matrix/filler binding energy. It is revealed that the presence of the silica nanorod causes polymer chain expansion, endowing the resins with higher stiffness. Moreover, the volumetric hydrogen bonds and binding energy increase considerably with the loading content, but decrease gradually with the diameter or show almost independence of the length. Furthermore, the composite moduli were quantified by the micromechanics models and the transverse moduli were well predicted by the Counto model, signifying a perfect bonding between the matrix and nanorod. The chain expansion and energetic matrix/filler interactions are believed to contribute to the significant mechanical reinforcement of the composites with the loading content. However, the length of the nanorod has a little effect on the composite moduli due to the unaltered interfacial interaction. In contrast, a smaller diameter is supposed to give a larger modulus, and this is not observed in this work due to the synergic effects of improved matrix/filler interaction and actual reduced filler volume fraction. The mechanical enhancement by the rod-like structures is more influenced by the loading content, but less so by the size of the nanorod, and it also exhibits superior mechanical performance as compared to nanoparticles. The findings thus extend the current understanding of the nanostructure and mechanical properties of silica nanorod reinforced dental resin composites from an atomic/molecular perspective.

10.
J Proteomics ; 249: 104369, 2021 Sep 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34481999

RESUMO

Pediatric ulcerative colitis (UC) is a distinct type of inflammatory bowel disease with severe disease activity and rapid progression, which can lead to detrimental life-long consequences. The pathogenesis of pediatric UC remains unclear, although dysbiosis of the gut microbiota has been considered an important factor. In this study, we collected intestinal mucosal-luminal interface microbiota samples from a cohort of treatment-naïve pediatric UC or control patients and used two different mass spectrometry-based glycomic approaches to examine the N-glycans that were associated with the microbiota. We observed abundant small N-glycans that were associated with the microbiota and found that the pediatric UC microbiota samples contained significantly higher levels of these atypical N-glycans compared to those of controls. Four paucimannosidic or other truncated N-glycans were identified to successfully segregate UC from control patients with an area under the ROC curve of ≥0.9. This study indicates that the aberrant metabolism of glycans in the intestinal by gut microbiota may be involved in the pathogenesis of UC and intestinal N-glycans, including small glycans, can act as novel biomarker candidates for pediatric UC. SIGNIFICANCE: There is no cure for pediatric ulcerative colitis (UC) due to its unclear pathogenesis and the diagnosis of UC in children still largely depends on invasive colonoscopic examination. Recent evidence suggests that the dysbiosis of intestinal microbiota is associated with the onset and development of UC, however how the microbiota interact with the host remains unclear. This study used two different mass spectrometry-based glycomic approaches to quantitatively examine N-glycans that are associated with colonic mucosal-luminal interface microbiota of pediatric UC or control patients. To the best of our knowledge, this is the first comprehensive glycomic study of intestinal microbiota samples in UC, which demonstrated that intestinal microbiota was associated with abundant atypical small N-glycans with elevated levels in UC than controls. This study also identified four intestinal paucimannosidic or other truncated N-glycans as promising biomarker candidates for pediatric UC. These findings shed light on the mechanism study of host-microbiome interactions in UC and indicate that atypical glycans present in the gut can be a source for UC biomarker discovery.

11.
J Hazard Mater ; 416: 126208, 2021 08 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34492969

RESUMO

Aromatic hydrocarbon is a representative type of VOCs, which causes adverse effects to human health. The degradation stability of aromatic hydrocarbon is of vital importance to commercializing a photocatalyst for its practical application. The most commonly used titanium dioxide photocatalyst (P25) was deactivated rapidly in the photocatalytic VOCs degradation process. In this work, the indium hydroxide (In(OH)3) photocatalyst was developed, which exhibited not only higher efficient activity but also ultra-stable stability for degradation of benzene, toluene and their mixtures. The origin of the activity difference between two catalysts was investigated by combined experimental and theoretical ways. Based on in situ DRIFTS and GC-MS, it was revealed that benzoic acid and carbonaceous byproducts were specifically formed and accumulated on P25, which were responsible for deactivation of photocatalyst. In contrast, as revealed by both DFT calculations and experimental results, the reaction pathway with byproducts blocking the active sites can be thermodynamically avoided on In(OH)3. This rendered high durability to In(OH)3 photocatalyst in degradations of aromatic pollutants. The elucidation of deactivation-resistant effect and reaction mechanism as an ideal photocatalyst for practical usage were provided.


Assuntos
Benzeno , Tolueno , Catálise , Humanos , Hidróxidos , Fotólise , Titânio
12.
Sci Total Environ ; 806(Pt 2): 150570, 2021 Sep 25.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34582869

RESUMO

Brown carbon (BrC) can affect atmospheric radiation due to its strong absorption ability from the near ultraviolet to the visible range, thereby influencing global climate. However, given the complexity of BrC's chemical composition, its optical properties are still poorly understood, especially in mountainous areas. In this study, the black carbon (BC) tracer method is used to explore the light-absorbing properties of primary and secondary BrC at Mount Hua, China during the 2018 summer period. The primary BrC absorption contributes to 10-15% of the total BrC absorption at a wavelength of 370 nm. From the positive matrix factorization analysis, traffic emissions are found to be a major source of primary BrC absorption (44%), followed by industry and biomass-burning emissions (29%). The secondary BrC accounts for 87% of the total BrC absorption at a wavelength of 370 nm, indicating that BrC is dominated by secondary formation. The observation of a higher secondary BrC absorption diurnal pattern at Mount Hua can be affected by secondary BrC in the residual layer after sunrise and the formation of light-absorbing chromophores by photochemical oxidation in the afternoon. The estimated average mass absorption efficiencies of primary and secondary BrC (MAE_pri and MAE_sec, respectively) are 0.4 m2/g and 2.1 m2/g at wavelengths of 370 nm, respectively, indicating a stronger light-absorbing ability for secondary BrC than for primary BrC. There is no significant difference in MAE_pri within a daily variation, but the daytime MAE_sec value is higher than that during the night. Our study shows that secondary BrC is important to light absorption in mountainous areas.

13.
Mikrochim Acta ; 188(10): 345, 2021 09 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34537870

RESUMO

Heterodimers of metal nanoparticles consist of two metals, come in many sizes and adopt various shapes. They offer unique properties due to the presence of two metals and have the extraordinary flexibility needed to serve as a multipurpose platform for diverse applications in areas including photonics, sensing, and catalysis. Heterodimer nanoparticles contain different metals that contribute to extraordinary surface plasmon resonance (SPR), surface-enhanced Raman scattering (SERS), and catalytic properties. These properties make them versatile molecules that can be used in intracellular imaging, as antibacterial agents, as photocatalytic and biological macromolecules and for the detection of chemical substances. Moreover, heterodimer nanoparticles are composed of the two metals within larger molecules that provide more choices for modification and application. In this review, we briefly summarize the lesser-known aspects of heterodimers, including some of their properties, and present concrete examples of recent progress in synthesis and applications. This review provides a perspective on achievements and suggests a framework for future research with a focus on the synthesis and application of heterodimers. We also explore the possible applications of heterodimer nanoparticles based on their unique properties.

14.
BMC Genomics ; 22(1): 595, 2021 Aug 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34353285

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Cannabis sativa L., a dioecious plant derived from China, demonstrates important medicinal properties and economic value worldwide. Cannabis properties have been usually harnessed depending on the sex of the plant. To analyse the genetic structure of Chinese Cannabis and identify sex-linked makers, genome-wide insertion-deletion (InDel) markers were designed and used. RESULTS: In this study, a genome-wide analysis of insertion-deletion (InDel) polymorphisms was performed based on the recent genome sequences. In total, 47,558 InDels were detected between the two varieties, and the length of InDels ranged from 4 bp to 87 bp. The most common InDels were tetranucleotides, followed by pentanucleotides. Chromosome 5 exhibited the highest number of InDels among the Cannabis chromosomes, while chromosome 10 exhibited the lowest number. Additionally, 31,802 non-redundant InDel markers were designed, and 84 primers evenly distributed in the Cannabis genome were chosen for polymorphism analysis. A total of 38 primers exhibited polymorphisms among three accessions, and of the polymorphism primers, 14 biallelic primers were further used to analyse the genetic structure. A total of 39 fragments were detected, and the PIC value ranged from 0.1209 to 0.6351. According to the InDel markers and the flowering time, the 115 Chinese germplasms were divided into two subgroups, mainly composed of cultivars obtained from the northernmost and southernmost regions, respectively. Additional two markers, "Cs-I1-10" and "Cs-I1-15", were found to amplify two bands (398 bp and 251 bp; 293 bp and 141 bp) in the male plants, while 389-bp or 293-bp bands were amplified in female plants. Using the two markers, the feminized and dioecious varieties could also be distinguished. CONCLUSION: Based on the findings obtained herein, we believe that this study will facilitate the genetic improvement and germplasm conservation of Cannabis in China, and the sex-linked InDel markers will provide accurate sex identification strategies for Cannabis breeding and production.


Assuntos
Cannabis , Cannabis/genética , China , Marcadores Genéticos , Genoma , Mutação INDEL , Melhoramento Vegetal
15.
Bioengineered ; 12(1): 4054-4069, 2021 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34369278

RESUMO

During the pandemic of the coronavirus disease 2019, there exist quite a few studies on angiotensin-converting enzyme 2 (ACE2) and SARS-CoV-2 infection, while little is known about ACE2 in hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). The detailed mechanism among ACE2 and HCC still remains unclear, which needs to be further investigated. In the current study with a total of 6,926 samples, ACE2 expression was downregulated in HCC compared with non-HCC samples (standardized mean difference = -0.41). With the area under the curve of summary receiver operating characteristic = 0.82, ACE2 expression showed a better ability to differentiate HCC from non-HCC. The mRNA expression of ACE2 was related to the age, alpha-fetoprotein levels and cirrhosis of HCC patients, and it was identified as a protected factor for HCC patients via Kaplan-Meier survival, Cox regression analyses. The potential molecular mechanism of ACE2 may be relevant to catabolic and cell division. In all, decreasing ACE2 expression can be seen in HCC, and its protective role for HCC patients and underlying mechanisms were explored in the study.


Assuntos
Enzima de Conversão de Angiotensina 2/genética , Carcinoma Hepatocelular/genética , Cirrose Hepática/genética , Neoplasias Hepáticas/genética , Proteínas de Neoplasias/genética , Receptores Virais/genética , alfa-Fetoproteínas/genética , Fatores Etários , Idoso , Enzima de Conversão de Angiotensina 2/metabolismo , Área Sob a Curva , COVID-19/virologia , Carcinoma Hepatocelular/diagnóstico , Carcinoma Hepatocelular/mortalidade , Carcinoma Hepatocelular/patologia , Bases de Dados Genéticas , Conjuntos de Dados como Assunto , Feminino , Regulação Neoplásica da Expressão Gênica , Humanos , Cirrose Hepática/diagnóstico , Cirrose Hepática/mortalidade , Cirrose Hepática/patologia , Neoplasias Hepáticas/diagnóstico , Neoplasias Hepáticas/mortalidade , Neoplasias Hepáticas/patologia , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Proteínas de Neoplasias/classificação , Proteínas de Neoplasias/metabolismo , Fatores de Proteção , Mapeamento de Interação de Proteínas , Curva ROC , Receptores Virais/metabolismo , SARS-CoV-2/patogenicidade , Análise de Sobrevida , alfa-Fetoproteínas/metabolismo
16.
J Clin Gastroenterol ; 2021 Aug 18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34406172

RESUMO

GOAL: The purpose of this study was to evaluate the effectiveness of vitamin C solution (VCS) in reducing adverse reactions caused by painless Lugol chromoendoscopy. BACKGROUND: Lugol chromoendoscopy is an effective method for screening superficial esophageal squamous cell carcinoma, although Lugol iodine solution (LIS) causes mucosal irritation. STUDY: In 4 hospitals in China, patients were randomized and divided into a distilled water (DW) group, an sodium thiosulfate solution (STS) group and a VCS group. Patients' esophageal mucosal surfaces were stained with either 1.2% or 0.5% LIS and then sprayed with DW, STS, or VCS at various concentrations. For the current randomized study, 1610 patients were enrolled in the 1.2% LIS group and 1355 patients were enrolled in the 0.5% LIS group. In addition, 150 patients were enrolled to assess the discoloration effect. The primary outcome for evaluation was the incidence of acute or late adverse reactions after Lugol iodine staining. The secondary outcome for evaluation was the discoloration effect on esophageal iodine-stained mucosa. RESULTS: VCS significantly reduced the occurrence of acute adverse reactions due to staining from 1.2% LIS. The effect of VCS was similar to that of STS but better than that of DW (P<0.05). Regarding 0.5% LIS staining, VCS reduced the incidence of acute adverse reactions and heartburn within 1 week (P<0.05). Both VCS and STS had similar effects. In addition, compared with spraying NS, VCS caused rapid decolorization of iodine-stained esophageal mucosa. After 120 seconds of deiodination, the color of the esophageal mucosa faded by 90%, which is similar to the results seen in the STS group. This contrasts with the results seen in the DW group, which showed fading by only 50.97% (P<0.05). CONCLUSION: VCS can effectively reduce adverse reactions caused by different concentrations of LIS, indicating its important clinical application in the screening of superficial esophageal squamous cell carcinoma.

17.
Eur J Radiol ; 143: 109912, 2021 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34450516

RESUMO

PURPOSE: This study aims to compare the diagnostic performance of two imaging methods for thyroid nodules ≤1.0 cm and reduce unnecessary overdiagnosis. METHODS: A retrospective study was conducted on 80 patients with pathologically confirmed solitary thyroid micronodules underwent both high-resolution ultrasound (HRUS) and High b-value (2000 s/mm2) diffusion weighted imaging (DWI). Intra- and interobserver agreement (Intraclass correlation coefficient) was followed by Kruskal-Wallis test to detect whether the quantitative apparent diffusion coefficient (ADC) and thyroid nodule subgroups were related. Cohen's kappa analysis was applied to assess the interobserver consistency of DWI and HRUS characteristics. The receiver operating characteristic curves were adopted for evaluating the diagnostic performance of thyroid malignancy. The sensitivity, specificity, and accuracy of the two imaging methods were compared using the McNemar's test and Kappa test. RESULTS: A total of 80 patients were included, consisting of 43 malignant and 37 benign micronodules. The sensitivity, specificity and accuracy of DWI combined with rADC (ADCmin to ADCn ratio) for the diagnosis of thyroid micronodules were 83.7%, 89.2% and 86.3%, respectively. The area under the curve (AUC) was 0.91 (95% confidence interval [CI]: 0.84-0.97). The sensitivity, specificity and accuracy of HRUS diagnosis were 100%, 62.16% and 82.5%, respectively. CONCLUSION: High b-value DWI is superior to HRUS for evaluating the diagnostic performance of solid thyroid micronodules. DWI and its ADC quantitative analysis could be added to the evaluation of thyroid micronodules to improve the specificity of diagnosis, reduce overdiagnosis and avoid unnecessary biopsies or surgeries.


Assuntos
Imagem de Difusão por Ressonância Magnética , Glândula Tireoide , Diagnóstico Diferencial , Humanos , Curva ROC , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes , Estudos Retrospectivos , Sensibilidade e Especificidade , Glândula Tireoide/diagnóstico por imagem
18.
Int J Nanomedicine ; 16: 4959-4984, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34326637

RESUMO

Antiviral drugs (AvDs) are the primary resource in the global battle against viruses, including the recent fight against corona virus disease 2019 (COVID-19). Most AvDs require multiple medications, and their use frequently leads to drug resistance, since they have poor oral bioavailability and low efficacy due to their low solubility/low permeability. Characterizing the in vivo metabolism and pharmacokinetic characteristics of AvDs may help to solve the problems associated with AvDs and enhance their efficacy. In this review of AvDs, we systematically investigated their structure-based metabolic reactions and related enzymes, their cellular pharmacology, and the effects of metabolism on AvD pharmacodynamics and pharmacokinetics. We further assessed how delivery systems achieve better metabolism and pharmacology of AvDs. This review suggests that suitable nanosystems may help to achieve better pharmacological activity and pharmacokinetic behavior of AvDs by altering drug metabolism through the utilization of advanced nanotechnology and appropriate administration routes. Notably, such AvDs as ribavirin, remdesivir, favipiravir, chloroquine, lopinavir and ritonavir have been confirmed to bind to the severe acute respiratory syndrome-like coronavirus (SARS-CoV-2) receptor and thus may represent anti-COVID-19 treatments. Elucidating the metabolic and pharmacokinetic characteristics of AvDs may help pharmacologists to identify new formulations with high bioavailability and efficacy and help physicians to better treat virus-related diseases, including COVID-19.


Assuntos
Antivirais/administração & dosagem , Antivirais/farmacocinética , COVID-19/metabolismo , Sistemas de Liberação de Medicamentos , SARS-CoV-2/efeitos dos fármacos , Antivirais/metabolismo , Antivirais/farmacologia , COVID-19/tratamento farmacológico , Humanos
19.
Biochem Biophys Res Commun ; 571: 14-19, 2021 Sep 24.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34298337

RESUMO

Restoration of hair follicle (HF) regenerative capacity is the cornerstone in tissue engineering for the loss of regenerative capacity during in vitro expansion of skin-derived precursors (SKPs). Microenvironmental cues facilitated tissue or organ regeneration offers a potential strategy to overcome this difficulty. In our previous work, plantar dermis matrix homogenate (PD) has been proved to induce sweat glands regeneration both in vivo and in vitro. Here, we found PD also restore regenerative capacity of culture impaired HF spheroids (IHFS). Further, followed by our previous iTRAQ results, the CTHRC1 was identified as a potential regulator in PD facilitated restorative effects in HF regeneration. Knockout of Cthrc1 impaired HF regenerative capacity in spheroids, decreased the diameter of HF in 28 postnatal days mice and shortened invagination of HF bud in 18 days of gestation mice. In IHFS and Cthrc1-/- spheroids, PD partially restored HF regenerative capacity while Cthrc1-/- PD (PDKO) has less or no effect. Taken together, PD is an effective microenvironmental cues for HF regenerative capacity restoration and CTHRC1 played an important role in HF regeneration.

SELEÇÃO DE REFERÊNCIAS
DETALHE DA PESQUISA
...