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1.
Sci Total Environ ; 752: 141887, 2021 Jan 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32890836

RESUMO

Coke powders in the coking wastewater generated by petroleum refining industry needs to be removed to achieve water reuse for lack of water resources. This study developed a decoking hydrocyclone in the closed coking wastewater circulation treatment system to remove coke powders, which was highly efficient and environmentally friendly. Computational Fluid Dynamics (CFD) method was carried out to study the tangential velocity distribution index n-value to guide design of decoking hydrocyclone and experiment was conducted to verify the coke powders removal effect. It was found that the increase of n-value is conducive to the improvement of coke powders separation efficiency. A decoking hydrocyclone with a cone angle of 15° and an inlet size of 4 × 6 mm is the optimum hydrocyclone and the recovery efficiency of coke powders is stable at more than 90%. It is the first time for hydrocyclone successfully applied to the removal of coke powders in coking wastewater in the decoking process of petroleum refining industry, in which the separation efficiency of coke powders is considerably improved.

2.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33180946

RESUMO

CONTEXT: The effect of weight change patterns on cardiovascular diseases (CVD) remains uncertain. OBJECTIVE: We aim to examine the relation of weight change patterns and absolute weight change from young adulthood to midlife with incident CVD. DESIGN: Retrospective cohort study. SETTING: National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES) 1999-2016. PARTICIPANTS: 20,715 US adults aged 40-79 with recalled weight at young adulthood (25 years old) and midlife (10 years before baseline). MAIN OUTCOME MEASURE: CVD status were determined by self-report of a prior diagnosis, and age at diagnosis was used to establish time of CVD onset. CVD events was defined as the first occurrence of a congestive heart failure, coronary heart disease, angina pectoris, heart attack or stroke. RESULTS: After 9.76 years of follow-up, compared with participants who remained at normal weight, those in maximum overweight, changing from the non-obese to obese, changing from the obese to non-obese, maintaining obesity between young and middle adulthood had a 39% (HR, 1.39; 95% CI:1.19-1.62), 93% (HR, 1.93; 95% CI: 1.64-2.28), 125% (HR, 2.25; 95% CI:1.29-3.94), 132% (HR, 2.32; 95% CI:1.68-3.20) higher risk of CVD, respectively. In addition, compared with weight change within 2.5 kg, weight gain ≥10.0 kg was associated with higher risk of CVD. CONCLUSIONS: Both non-obese to obese, obese to non-obese and stable obese from young to middle adulthood were associated with increased risks of CVD. The findings emphasize the importance of maintaining normal weight throughout the adulthood for preventing CVD in later life.

3.
Cytopathology ; 2020 Nov 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33184923

RESUMO

Ceruminous gland adenocarcinomas are uncommon malignant neoplasms arising from the ceruminal glands of the external ear canal. They include three variants: ceruminous adenocarcinoma (not otherwise specified, NOS), ceruminous adenoid cystic carcinoma, and ceruminous mucoepidermoid carcinoma. The clinicopathological details of these neoplasms have been described; however, due to their scarcity, their cytological features in humans have not been documented before. The objective of this study was to investigate the cytological, histological, and immunocytochemical features of a ceruminous gland adenocarcinoma with pleural effusion. We performed effusion cytology on a 57-year-old man who was diagnosed with ceruminous adenocarcinoma (NOS) 8 months earlier and found pleural metastases. The cytology revealed features similar to those seen via tissue pathology, such as irregular glandular architecture with dual cell populations and a solid pattern of tumour cells. Although ceruminous adenocarcinoma (NOS) is rare, recognising its cytology is important to eliminate it as a differential diagnosis.

4.
Cell Cycle ; : 1-18, 2020 Nov 17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33198579

RESUMO

microRNAs have been proved to function in some processes of differentiation and the effect is favorable. At present, the differentiation of stem cells is not so ideal because of the high expenses and inaccessibility. Therefore, we explored the possibility that microRNA-221 (miR-221) affects differentiation from stem cells from human deciduous tooth (SHEDs) to neurons through Wnt/ß-catenin pathway via binding to CHD8. After collection of SHEDs, differentiation from SHEDs to neurons was conducted by neurotrophic factor induction method in vitro, followed by gain- and loss-of-function experiments. Expression of neuron-related genes in SHEDs was examined by immunohistochemistry. The relationship between CHD8 and miR-221 was detected by dual luciferase reporter gene assay. RT-qPCR and Western blot analysis were used to determine miR-221 expression, and the mRNA and protein expression of CHD8, Wnt/ß-catenin pathway- and neuron-related genes. Cell viability, and cell cycle and apoptosis were investigated by MTT assay and flow cytometry respectively. Dual luciferase reporter assay displayed that miR-221 targeted CHD8 and then affected the differentiation progression. Results of RT-qPCR and Western blot analysis showed that expression of Wnt/ß-catenin pathway-related genes increased significantly, CHD8 expression decreased in neuron-induced SHEDs after miR-221 overexpression or CHD8 silencing. In response to miR-221 overexpression and CHD8 silencing, cell viability and cell cycle entry were increased, and apoptosis was reduced. Moreover, overexpression of miR-221 or silencing of CHD8 elevated the expression of neuron-related genes in neuron-induced SHEDs. Taken together, upregulation of miR-221 promotes differentiation from SHEDs to neuron cells through activation of Wnt/ß-catenin pathway by binding to CHD8.

5.
Transfusion ; 2020 Nov 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33175455

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Bombay and para-Bombay phenotypes, which arise from gene mutations of α-1,2-fucosyltransferase FUT1, are very rare in Chinese population. A para-Bombay phenotype Chinese individual with two novel FUT1 mutations was reported here. STUDY DESIGN AND METHODS: The peripheral blood and saliva samples of the proband and her family members were collected after informed consent. ABO and H blood group phenotyping was performed by haemagglutination methods. ABO genotype was determined by PCR-SSP kit. A, B, and H antigens in saliva were detected by a hemagglutination inhibition test. Fragments encompassing the full coding region of FUT1 and FUT2 genes were PCR amplified and sequenced. Allelic sequences were validated by cloning and sequencing individual colonies. RESULTS: The serologic reaction results of the proband revealed that A, B, and H antigen were absent on RBCs, but B and H antigen were presented in saliva, and the serum contains anti-H. The proband was assigned as B/O1 by ABO genotyping. Two new heterozygous mutations of FUT1 gene, c.508dupT and c.787A>C, were identified through direct sequencing of PCR-amplified products. TA cloning and sequencing confirmed that two novel mutations were on different alleles. FUT2 gene sequence of the proband is consistent with standard. The other family members of the proband showed normal phenotypes of ABO blood group and their genotypes are consistent with phenotypes. CONCLUSION: Two novel FUT1 alleles, with the previously not reported mutations c.508dupT and c.787C, respectively, are responsible for the para-Bombay phenotype detected in the sample from the proband.

6.
Genes Genomics ; 42(12): 1455-1465, 2020 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33155109

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Abiotic stress effects agricultural production, so research on improving stress tolerance of crop is important. Suaeda salsa is a halophyte with high salt and drought tolerance and ability to desalinate saline soil and improve soil quality. OBJECTIVE: To discover and utilize of salt and drought tolerance-related genes, we further investigated the mechanisms of salt and drought tolerance. METHODS: Through screening a salt treated Suaeda salsa cDNA library and further cloning a H subunit of the photosystem I reaction center SsPsaH cDNA, and then the protein domain and phylogenetic analyses of PSI genes was conducted with the NCBI Blast, DNAMAN, and MotifScan programs. The S. salsa seedlings were subjected to various stress treatments and analyze expression of SsPsaH under these treatments by real-time RT-PCR. SsPsaH expression construct was introduced into S. pombe cells by electroporation and transformed into N. tabacum plants by the leaf disc transformation method. RESULTS: A member of the H subunit of the Photosystem I reaction center (defined as SsPsaH) was obtained. The expression of SsPsaH was up-regulated by abscisic acid (ABA), salt, and drought stress treatments. Over-expressing SsPsaH in recombinant yeasts enhanced high salinity tolerance and increased tolerance to sorbitol during seed germination and seedling root development in tobacco, respectively. Some stress-related mark genes such as a LEA family gene of NtLEA, a binding protein of a drought response element of NtDREB, the ascorbate peroxidase gene (NtAPX) were also up-regulated in SsPsaH overexpressing transgenic tobacco lines. CONCLUSIONS: These results show that SsPsaH may contribute to the salt and osmotic stress response of plants.

7.
Clin Nutr ; 2020 Oct 23.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33148481

RESUMO

BACKGROUND & AIMS: The role of serum calcium on the risk of stroke is still uncertain. We aimed to evaluate the effect of serum calcium on first stroke risk, and on the efficacy of folic acid treatment in prevention of first stroke among hypertensive patients. METHODS: Our analyses included a total of 19,644 eligible hypertensive adults from the China Stroke Primary Prevention Trial (CSPPT). In the CSPPT, a total of 20,702 hypertensive patients were randomly assigned to a double-blind, daily treatment with either 10 mg enalapril and 0.8 mg folic acid or 10 mg enalapril alone. The primary outcome was a first stroke. RESULTS: Over a median of 4.5 years, among those not receiving folic acid, a significantly higher risk of first stroke was found in hypertensive males with baseline albumin-corrected serum calcium ≥2.43 mmol/L (median) (vs. <2.43 mmol/L; 6.5% vs. 2.3%; adjusted HR, 2.47; 95% CI: 1.72, 3.55). For those with enalapril and folic acid treatment, compared with the enalapril only group, the risk of first stroke was reduced from 6.5% to 3.0% (adjusted HR, 0.49; 95% CI: 0.35, 0.68) in hypertensive males with baseline albumin-corrected serum calcium ≥2.43 mmol/L, whereas there was no significant effect among hypertensive males with baseline albumin-corrected serum calcium <2.43 mmol/L. However, among hypertensive females, serum calcium did not significantly affect the first stroke risk and the efficacy of folic acid in prevention of first stroke. CONCLUSIONS: Among Chinese hypertensive males, those with elevated serum calcium levels had increased risk of first stroke, and this risk was reduced by 51% with folic acid treatment.

8.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33023897

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Previous studies in mostly Western populations have yielded conflicting findings on the association of vitamin B12 with diabetes risk, in part due to differences in study design and population characteristics. This study sought to examine the vitamin B12-diabetes association in Chinese adults with hypertension by both cross-sectional and longitudinal analyses. RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODS: This report included a total of 16 699 participants from the China Stroke Primary Prevention Trial, with pertinent baseline and follow-up data. Diabetes mellitus was defined as either physician-diagnosed diabetes, use of glucose-lowering drugs, or fasting blood glucose (FBG) ≥7.0 mmol/L. New-onset diabetes was defined as any new case of onset diabetes during the follow-up period or FBG ≥7.0 mmol/L at the exit visit. RESULTS: At baseline, there were 1872 (11.2%) patients with diabetes; less than 1.5% had clinical vitamin B12 deficiency (<148.0 pmol/L). Over a median follow-up period of 4.5 years, there were 1589 (10.7%) cases of new-onset diabetes. Cross-sectional analyses showed a positive association between baseline vitamin B12 levels and FBG levels (ß=0.18, 95% CI 0.15 to 0.21) and diabetes (OR=1.16, 95% CI 1.10 to 1.21). However, longitudinal analyses showed no association between baseline vitamin B12 and new-onset diabetes or changes in FBG levels. Among a subset of the sample (n=4366) with both baseline and exit vitamin B12 measurements, we found a positive association between an increase in vitamin B12 and an increase in FBG. CONCLUSIONS: In this large Chinese population of patients with hypertension mostly sufficient with vitamin B12, parallel cross-sectional and longitudinal analyses provided new insight into the conflicting findings of previous studies, and these results underscore the need for future studies to consider both baseline vitamin B12 and its longitudinal trajectory in order to better elucidate the role of vitamin B12 in the development of diabetes. Such findings would have important clinical and public health implications.

9.
Gut Microbes ; 12(1): 1-19, 2020 Nov 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33016221

RESUMO

Uremic toxins are a class of toxins that accumulate in patients with chronic kidney disease (CKD). Indoxyl sulfate (IS), a typical uremic toxin, is not efficiently removed by hemodialysis. Modulation of IS production in the gut microbiota may be a promising strategy for decreasing IS concentration, thus, delaying CKD progression. In the present study, we identified isoquercitrin (ISO) as a natural product that can perturb microbiota-mediated indole production without directly inhibiting the growth of microbes or the indole-synthesizing enzyme TnaA. ISO inhibits the establishment of H proton potential by regulating the gut bacteria electron transport chain, thereby inhibiting the transport of tryptophan and further reducing indole biosynthesis. This non-microbiocidal mechanism may enable ISO to be used as a therapeutic tool, specifically against pathologies triggered by the accumulation of the microbial-produced toxin IS, as in CKD. Herein, we have shown that it is possible to inhibit gut microbial indole production using natural components. Therefore, targeting the uremic toxin metabolic pathway in gut bacteria may be a promising strategy to control host uremic toxin production.

10.
Cardiovasc Diabetol ; 19(1): 186, 2020 Oct 24.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33099298

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The association between alkaline phosphatase (ALP) and incident diabetes remains uncertain. Our study aimed to investigate the prospective relation of serum ALP with the risk of new-onset diabetes, and explore possible effect modifiers, in hypertensive adults. METHODS: A total 14,393 hypertensive patients with available ALP measurements and without diabetes and liver disease at baseline were included from the China Stroke Primary Prevention Trial (CSPPT). The primary outcome was new-onset diabetes, defined as physician-diagnosed diabetes or use of glucose-lowering drugs during follow-up, or fasting glucose ≥ 7.0 mmol/L at the exit visit. The secondary study outcome was new-onset impaired fasting glucose (IFG), defined as FG < 6.1 mmol/L at baseline and ≥ 6.1 but < 7.0 mmol/L at the exit visit. RESULTS: Over a median of 4.5 years follow-up, 1549 (10.8%) participants developed diabetes. Overall, there was a positive relation of serum ALP and the risk of new-onset diabetes (per SD increment, adjusted OR, 1.07; 95% CI: 1.01, 1.14) and new-onset IFG (per SD increment, adjusted OR, 1.07; 95% CI: 1.02, 1.14). Moreover, a stronger positive association between baseline ALP (per SD increment) with new-onset diabetes was found in participants with total homocysteine (tHcy) < 10 µmol/L (adjusted OR, 1.24; 95% CI: 1.10, 1.40 vs. ≥ 10 µmol/L: adjusted OR, 1.03; 95% CI: 0.96, 1.10; P-interaction = 0.007) or FG ≥ 5.9 mmol/L (adjusted OR, 1.16; 95% CI: 1.07, 1.27 vs. < 5.9 mmol/L: adjusted OR, 1.00; 95% CI: 0.93, 1.08; P-interaction = 0.009) CONCLUSIONS: In this non-diabetic, hypertensive population, higher serum ALP was significantly associated with the increased risk of new-onset diabetes, especially in those with lower tHcy or higher FG levels. Clinical Trial Registration-URL Trial registration: NCT00794885 (clinicaltrials.gov). Retrospectively registered November 20, 2008.

11.
Biomed Pharmacother ; 132: 110804, 2020 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33017767

RESUMO

Colorectal cancer (CRC), initiated and maintained by colorectal cancer stem cells (CCSCs), ranks the third most common cancers and has drawn wide attentions worldwide. Therefore, targeting clearance of CCSCs has become an important strategy of CRC immunotherapy. Mucin1 (MUC1) is a tumor-associated cell surface antigen of CRC, but its role in CCSC vaccine remains unclear. In the study, we demonstrated that MUC1 may be a dominant antigen to exert antitumor immunity in CCSC vaccine. First, CCSCs were enriched from CT26 cell line via a serum-free sphere formation approach, and were identified by detecting expression of CD133, ALDH, and ALCAM. Then, the isolated CCSCs were frozen for 30 min and thawed for 30 min to prepare the cell lysate. The specific anti-MUC1 antibody was added to the cell lysate to neutralize the dominant antigen MUC1. Finally, mice were subcutaneously immunized with the cell lysate, followed by a challenge with CT26 cells at one week after final vaccination. Attractively, CCSC vaccine significantly activated the NK cells, T cells, and B cells, resulting in inhibiting the tumor growth via a target killing of CCSCs as evidenced by a decrease of CD133+cells in tumor compared to CCSC vaccine with specific anti-MUC1 antibody. In addition, CCSC vaccine reduced expression of inflammatory factors in vaccinated mice. As expected, neutralizing antibody against MUC1 significantly impaired the antitumor efficacy of CCSC vaccine. Overall, CCSC vaccine could serve as a potent vaccine for CRC immunotherapy. The surface dominant antigen MUC1 may play a key role in regulating immunogenicity of CCSCs.

12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33125330

RESUMO

We present P6, a declarative language for building high performance visual analytics systems through its support for specifying and integrating machine learning and interactive visualization methods. As data analysis methods based on machine learning and artificial intelligence continue to advance, a visual analytics solution can leverage these methods for better exploiting large and complex data. However, integrating machine learning methods with interactive visual analysis is challenging. Existing declarative programming libraries and toolkits for visualization lack support for coupling machine learning methods. By providing a declarative language for visual analytics, P6 can empower more developers to create visual analytics applications that combine machine learning and visualization methods for data analysis and problem solving. Through a variety of example applications, we demonstrate P6's capabilities and show the benefits of using declarative specifications to build visual analytics systems. We also identify and discuss the research opportunities and challenges for declarative visual analytics.

13.
Anal Chim Acta ; 1136: 82-90, 2020 Nov 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33081952

RESUMO

In this paper, a novel approach was established on the basis of a molecularly imprinted technique with the aid of double-stranded deoxyribonucleic acid (dsDNA) embedded in a molecularly imprinted polymer (MIP) membrane as a new functional unit with chiral recognition for highly specific chiral recognition. The chiral molecules were immobilized and anchored in the cavities of the MIP membrane on the basis of the three-dimensional structure of a molecule determined by the functional groups, spatial characterization of the cavities of MIPs, and the spatial orientation with dsDNA embedded in MIPs. D-carnitine was selected as an example of a chiral molecular template, which intercalated into dsDNA immobilized on the gold electrode surface to form dsDNA-D-carnitine complex, and then the complex was embedded in the MIP during electropolymerization. After elution, the stereo-selective cavities were obtained. Our findings have shown that AAAA-TTTT base sequence had high affinity for D-carnitine intercalation. Combined with the electrochemical detection method, MIP sensor was prepared. The selectivity of the MIP sensor to ultratrace D-carnitine was significantly improved; the sensor had remarkable stereo-selectivity and highly chiral specific recognition to D-carnitine, and L-carnitine with a concentration of 10,000 times D-carnitine did not interfere with the detection of D-carnitine in the assay of raceme. The sensor also exhibited high sensitivity to ultratrace D-carnitine determination with a linear response to the concentration of D-carnitine in the range of 3.0 × 10-16 mol/L to 4.0 × 10-13 mol/L, with a detection limit of 2.24 × 10-16 mol/L. The mechanism of chiral recognition was studied, and result showed that apart from the recognition effect of imprinted cavities, dsDNA provided chiral selectivity to the spatial orientation of chiral molecules via the intercalation of chiral molecules with dsDNA and electrostatic interaction with groups of DNA base.

14.
Chem Asian J ; 2020 Oct 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33029906

RESUMO

Exosomes are known as one of extracellular vesicles, which are found in various body fluids and released by cells. As transport carrier, exosomes participate actively in intercellular communication and reflect their characteristics uniquely to the origin cells. Due to their unique biological physical properties and physiological functions, exosomes are considered to be one of best biomarkers of cancer diagnosis. At the same time, exosomes are potential therapeutic targets and drug delivery carriers. Therefore, the characteristics, functions and analytical methods of exosomes have increasingly attracted wide attention among scientists. In this review, the recent research progress on the basic characteristics and functional applications of exosomes are summarized. Furthermore and importantly, this review focuses on the recent advance in the purification and test methods of exosomes in recent years. Finally, issues pertaining to exosome detection are presented. Based on newly discovered characteristic of exosomes, the opportunities and challenges for future research of the purification and quantitative detection methods are outlined.

15.
Pacing Clin Electrophysiol ; 43(11): 1358-1365, 2020 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33000472

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Combined catheter ablation (CA) and left atrial appendage closure (LAAC) have proven to be a feasible and safe strategy in treating patients with nonvalvular atrial fibrillation (AF). However, the interactions between CA and LAAC have not been systematically explored. We analyzed the impact of CA on long-term outcomes of LAAC in patients with AF treated with the hybrid procedure. METHODS: A total of 107 consecutive patients with AF who underwent LAAC were divided into two groups: group A (n = 61) included patients who underwent CA followed by LAAC during the same procedure and group B (n = 46) included patients who underwent LAAC only. All patients underwent systematic transesophageal echocardiography (TEE) follow-up. RESULTS: In group A, CA resulted in severe edema of the left atrial ridge (LAR), which manifested as an increase in LAR thickness from 4.6 ± 0.4 mm before CA to 6.8 ± 0.6 mm (P < .01) after CA. TEE at 45 days showed that the incidence of peri-device leakage was significantly higher in group A than in group B (45.9% vs 4.3%, P < .001). At the 12-month follow-up, the peri-device leakage rate remained higher in group A than in group B (14.8% vs 2.2%, P < .01). Three (4.9%) patients in group A experienced transient ischemia attacks; no events were reported in group B during the 1-year follow-up. CONCLUSION: Edema of LAR with the single-stage procedure that consists of CA followed by LAAC could result in increased peri-device leakage and decreased compression rate over time, which may be also associated with elevated risk profiles when compared with an LAAC-only procedure.

16.
Analyst ; 2020 Oct 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33016298

RESUMO

MicroRNAs (miRNAs) have played a vital role in the regulation of gene expression and have been considered as potential biomarker candidates for early cancer diagnosis. Rapid and sensitive detection of microRNAs is highly desired. Here, we present a new method to rapidly and sensitively determine microRNAs based on the technology of gold nanoparticle catalyzed silver staining enhancement. The new method involves the sandwich hybridization of a capture probe immobilized on a magnetic bead, a reporter probe assembled on gold nanoparticles and a miRNA target, catalytic silver precipitation by gold nanoparticles, magnetic collection of the enhanced sandwich complex, dissolution of the silver precipitation and stripping detection. Using the proposed method the microRNA-7a assay was successfully carried out in less than 70 min and the detection limit was as low as 15 fM. The proposed biosensor may hold great promise in biological monitoring of microRNAs.

17.
Int J Med Sci ; 17(16): 2427-2439, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33029085

RESUMO

Background and aim: Competing endogenous RNA (ceRNA) is believed to play vital roles in tumorigenesis. The goal of this study was to screen prognostic biomarkers in lung adenocarcinoma (LUAD). Methods: Common differentially expressed genes (DEGs) were collected from Gene Expression Omnibus (GEO) databases and The Cancer Genome Atlas databases (TCGA) using GEO2R and "limma" package in R, respectively. Overlapping DEGs were conducted using enrichment of functions and protein-protein interaction (PPI) network to discover significant candidate genes. By using a comprehensive analysis, we constructed an mRNA mediated ceRNA network. Survival rates were used Kaplan-Meier analysis. Statistical analysis was used to further identify the prognosis of studied genes. Results: Integrated analysis of GSE32863 and TCGA databases, a total of 886 overlapping DEGs, including 279 up-regulated and 607 down-regulated genes were identified. Considering the highest term of candidate genes in PPI, we identified TPX2, which was enriched in cell division signaling pathway. Besides, 35 differentially expressed miRNAs (DEmiRNAs) were predicted to target TPX2 and only 7 DEmiRNAs were identified to be prognostic biomarkers in LUAD. Then, 30 differentially expressed lncRNAs (DElncRNAs) were predicted to bind these 7 DEmiRNAs. Finally, we found that 7 DElncRNAs were correlated with the overall survival (all p <0.05). Furthermore, we identified elevated TPX2 was strongly correlated with the worse survival rate among 458 samples. Univariate and multivariate cox analysis showed TPX2 may act as an independent factor for prognosis in LUAD (p <0.05). Then pathway enrichment results suggested that TPX2 may facilitate tumorigenesis by participating in several cancer-related signaling pathways in LUAD, especially in Notch signal pathway. Conclusions: TPX2-related lncRNAs and miRNAs are related to the survival of LUAD. 7 lncRNAs, 7 miRNAs and TPX2 may serve as prognostic biomarkers in LUAD.

18.
Eur J Clin Pharmacol ; 2020 Oct 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33051696

RESUMO

PURPOSE: Statin-induced myopathy (SIM) is the commonest reason for discontinuation of statin therapy. The aim of this present meta-analysis is to assess the relationship between glycine amidinotransferase gene (GATM) polymorphism and risk of SIM. METHODS: MEDLINE, EMBASE, Web of Science, and Cochrane Library databases were searched systematically for case-control studies investigating the relationship between GATM polymorphism and SIM. Retrieved articles were carefully reviewed and assessed according to the inclusion criteria. Associations were assessed in pooled data by calculating odds ratio with 95% confidence intervals. Subgroup analysis was performed according to comedications and severity of SIM. RESULTS: Six studies with 707 cases and 2321 controls were included in this meta-analysis. GATM rs9806699 G>A was associated with decreased risk of SIM (OR = 0.80, 95% CI 0.68-0.94, P = 0.006). This association remained significant in the subgroup with fibrates or niacin excluded. However, the association of rs9806699 G>A with severe SIM was not significant. In addition, another two variations at GATM, rs1719247 C>T, and rs1346268 T>C were also associated with declined risk of SIM. CONCLUSIONS: GATM polymorphism including rs9806699 G>A, rs1719247 C>T, and rs1346268 T>C may be protective factors of SIM. GATM rs9806699 G>A may only exert protective effect on mild SIM cases. Our meta-analysis indicates that GATM polymorphism may represent a pharmacogenomics biomarker for predicting incidence of SIM, which contributes to risk stratification and optimizing statin adherence.

19.
Transfusion ; 2020 Oct 24.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33098315

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The Am phenotype, which arises from mutations of the α-1,3-N-acetylgalactosaminyltransferase gene, is rare in the Chinese population. The present study focuses on a novel mutation with the Am phenotype in a Chinese individual. STUDY DESIGN AND METHODS: The sample with ABO blood group discrepancy was analyzed by serologic techniques. The full coding and flanking regions of the ABO gene, including the Intron 1 transcription factor-binding site, were identified through direct sequencing of polymerase chain reaction (PCR)-amplified products. PCR products of Exons 6 and 7 were validated to isolate the ABO gene haplotypes by cloning and sequencing individual colonies. The impact of the novel mutation on enzyme function was predicted with Polymorphism Phenotyping algorithm V2 and bioinformatic software programs. RESULTS: The serologic characteristics of ABO blood typing showed the rare Am phenotype. The c.467C/T and c.912C/A heterozygous sites in Exon 7 were identified by direct sequencing analysis. Further TA cloning and sequencing revealed that the patient carried an ABO*O.01.01 allele and a novel ABO*A allele. The new allele sequence had one nucleotide alteration (C>A) at position 912 on the background of the ABO*A1.02 allele. The c.912C>A mutation was predicted to be "probably damaging" and "deleterious" by PolyPhen-2 and PROVEAN algorithms, respectively. CONCLUSION: A novel mutation c.912C>A in α-1,3-N-acetylgalactosaminyltransferase gene resulting in Am phenotype was identified in a Chinese individual.

20.
Physiol Plant ; 2020 Oct 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33064336

RESUMO

Calcineurin B-like (CBL) and CBL-interacting protein kinase (CIPK) play a crucial role in biotic and abiotic stress responses. However, the roles of different CIPKs in biotic and abiotic stress responses are less well characterized. In this study, we identified a mutation leading to an early protein termination of the maize CIPK gene ZmCIPK42 that undergoes a G to A mutation at the coding region via searching for genes involved in salt stress tolerance and ion homeostasis from maize with querying the EMS mutant library of maize B73. The mutant zmcipk42 plants have less branched tassel and impaired salt stress tolerance at the seedling stage. Quantitative real-time PCR analysis revealed that ZmCIPK42was expressed in diverse tissues and was induced by NaCl stress. A yeast two-hybrid screen identified a proteinase inhibitor (ZmMPI) as well as calcineurin B-like protein 1 and protein 4 (ZmCBL1, ZmCBL4) as interaction partners of ZmCIPK42. These interactions were further confirmed by bimolecular fluorescence complementation in plant cells. Moreover, over-expressing ZmCIPK42 resulted in enhanced tolerance to high salinity in both maize and Arabidopsis. These findings suggest that ZmCIPK42 is a positive regulator of salt stress tolerance and is a promising candidate gene to improve salt stress tolerance in maize through genetic manipulation.

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