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1.
J Virol ; 2020 Sep 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32999025

RESUMO

Human respiratory syncytial virus (RSV) is the leading viral cause of lower respiratory tract disease in infants and children worldwide. Currently, there are no FDA-approved vaccines to combat this virus. The large (L) polymerase protein of RSV replicates the viral genome and transcribes viral mRNAs. The L protein organizes as a core ring-like domain containing the RNA dependent RNA polymerase and an appendage of globular domains containing an mRNA capping region and a cap methyltransferase region which are linked by a flexible hinge region. Here, we found that the flexible hinge region of RSV L protein is tolerant to amino acid deletion or insertion. Recombinant RSVs carrying a single and double deletion or a single alanine insertion were genetically stable, highly attenuated in immortalized cells, and had defects in replication and spread and had a delay in innate immune cytokine responses in primary, well differentiated, human bronchial epithelial (HBE) cultures. The replication of these recombinant viruses was highly attenuated in the upper and lower respiratory tracts of cotton rats. Importantly, these recombinant viruses elicited high levels of neutralizing antibody and provided complete protection against RSV replication. Taken together, amino acid deletions or insertions in the hinge region of the L protein can serve as a novel approach to rationally design genetically stable, highly attenuated and immunogenic live vaccine candidates for RSV.IMPORTANCE Despite tremendous efforts, there are no FDA-approved vaccines for human respiratory syncytial virus (RSV). A live attenuated RSV vaccine is one of the most promising vaccine strategies for RSV. However, it has been a challenge to identify an RSV vaccine strain that has an optimal balance between attenuation and immunogenicity. In this study, we generated a panel of recombinant RSVs carrying a single and double deletion or a single alanine insertion in the large (L) polymerase protein which are genetically stable, sufficiently attenuated, grow to high titer in cultured cells, while retaining high immunogenicity. Thus, these recombinant viruses may be promising vaccine candidates for RSV.

2.
Food Chem ; : 128366, 2020 Oct 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33092925

RESUMO

The present study aimed to identify potential SARS-CoV-2 inhibitory peptides from tuna protein by virtual screening. The molecular docking was performed to elicit the interaction mechanism between targets (Mpro and ACE2) and peptides. As a result, a potential antiviral peptide EEAGGATAAQIEM (E-M) was identified. Molecular docking analysis revealed that E-M could interact with residues Thr190, Thr25, Thr26, Ala191, Leu50, Met165, Gln189, Glu166, His164, His41, Cys145, Gly143, and Asn119 of Mpro via 11 conventional hydrogen bonds, 9 carbon hydrogen bonds, and one alkyl interaction. The formation of hydrogen bonds between peptide E-M and the residues Gly143 and Gln189 of Mpro may play important roles in inhibiting the activity of Mpro. Besides, E-M could bind with the residues His34, Phe28, Thr27, Ala36, Asp355, Glu37, Gln24, Ser19, Tyr83, and Tyr41 of ACE2. Hydrogen bonds and electrostatic interactions may play vital roles in blocking the receptor ACE2 binding with SARS-CoV-2.

3.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33038039

RESUMO

The ability to assemble intricately connected topologies from primary or secondary building units (SBUs) provides great prospective to expand the library of metal-organic frameworks (MOFs). Further development of MOFs requires an establishment of hierarchical interaction within the framework. Herein, we report a series of mesoporous rare-earth (RE) MOFs that are constructed from an unusual 12-connected π-stacked pyrene supramolecular building block and a typical 12-connected RE 6 cluster (RE = Eu, Y, Yb, Tb, and Ce). The judicious design of a butterfly-shape pyrene ligand with a tert-butyl substituent enables the formation of the disordered 12-connected organic SBUs on its strong intermolecular π-π interactions. The assembly of 12-connected inorganic cuboctahedron SBUs and 12-connected organic distorted hexagonal prism SBUs generates an unprecedented network that can be further simplified into a 4,4-connected pts net linked from planar square and tetrahedra. This work provides fresh insights into the design and synthesis of frameworks constructed from coordinatively, covalently and noncovalently linked building units, and also offers accesses to unknown MOF structures based on organic SBUs that still remains largely undiscovered.

4.
Inorg Chem ; 2020 Oct 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33022177

RESUMO

A novel 3D luminescent coordination polymer (LCP) [Zn4(3-dpyb)2(odpa)2(H2O)3]·4H2O (1) (3-dpyb = N,N'-bis (3-pyridinecarboxamide)-1,4-butane, H4 odpa = 4, 4'-oxidiphthalic acid) was successfully synthesized under solvothermal conditions. LCP 1 displays remarkable fluorescent behavior and stability in a wide range of pH values and different pure organic solvents. More importantly, LCP 1 can become an outstanding candidate in the selective sensing of Fe3+, Bi3+, Cr2O72-, MnO4-, nitrobenzene (NB), acetaldehyde (AH), and acetylacetone (Hacac) under a lower detection limit. The change process of fluorescent intensity of these seven analytes in a diverse pH range indicates that LCP 1 can be an excellent luminescent sensor in multiple acid/base solutions. As far as we know, it is an infrequent example of a CP-based multiresponsive fluorescent sensor for metal cations, oxyanions, and toxic organic solvents under an acid or alkaline environment.

5.
J Org Chem ; 85(20): 13037-13049, 2020 Oct 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32909752

RESUMO

An environmentally sustainable strategy for the chemoselective heterocyclization of bromoenynes through a transition-metal-free sulfuration/cyclization process is reported. Using inexpensive and safe EtOCS2K as a thiol surrogate and tetrabutylphosphonium bromide and H2O as a mixed solvent, the reaction provided a range of substituted thiophenes in moderate to good yields. In addition, 2,3,4,5-tetrasubstituted thiophenes were able to be prepared under mild reaction conditions by electrophilic heterocyclization with NH4I and EtOCS2K in good yields.

6.
Small ; : e1906564, 2020 Sep 22.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32964611

RESUMO

The exploration of efficient electrocatalysts is the central issue for boosting the overall efficiency of water splitting. Herein, pertinently creating active sites and improving conductivity for metal-organic frameworks (MOFs) is proposed to tailor electrocatalytic properties for overall water splitting. An Ni(II)-MOF nanosheet array is presented as an ideal material model and a facile alkali-etched strategy is developed to break its NiO bonds accompanied with the introduction of extra-framework K cations, which contribute to creating highly active open metal sites and largely improving the electrical conductivity. As a result, the assembled defect-Ni-MOF||defect-Ni-MOF electrolyte cell delivers a lower and stable voltage of 1.50 V at 10 mA cm-2 in alkaline medium for overall water splitting, comparable to the combination of iridium and platinum as benchmark catalysts.

7.
J Food Sci ; 85(10): 3562-3569, 2020 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32856309

RESUMO

Low-purine food is not only the focus of gout patients, but also the focus of contemporary green diet development. Fish are usually considered as high-purine foodstuff because of the high nutritional value and high purine content. Therefore, it is necessary to reduce purine content in fish to ensure that they are suitable for patients with hyperuricemia or gout. In this study, the effect of allicin on purine reduction in turbot during cooking was investigated using high-performance liquid chromatography, and the change of xanthine oxidase (XO) activity was also studied. Molecular docking analysis was further performed to elucidate the mechanism of purine reduction by allicin. The results revealed that in the step of soaking, allicin could reduce purine content in fish by slightly enhancing XO activity, promoting hypoxanthine transformation into xanthine. The removal of total purines in experimental and control group reached 70.45% and 57.20%, respectively. Moreover, allicin could change the thermal stability of xanthine by providing an acidic environment, resulting in the rapid decrease of xanthine and hypoxanthine levels by boiling. Thus, this study provides a simple method to decrease purine levels, suggesting a possibility that allicin can function as a purine remover in food.

8.
J Food Biochem ; : e13419, 2020 Aug 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32776337

RESUMO

Fruit softening is an inevitable event during ripening of red raspberry fruit even when stored at low temperature. In this research, the effects of CaCl2 treatment on softening of red raspberry during storage at 4°C were studied. The results indicated that CaCl2 treatment effectively delayed the decrease of firmness and reduced the respiration rate of red raspberry fruit during storage. The CaCl2 -treated fruit maintained higher protopectin content and lower soluble pectin content compared with controls. The cellulose and starch contents in the fruit treated with CaCl2 kept higher than in the control during storage. Moreover, CaCl2 treatment decreased activities of polygalacturonase (PG), pectin methylesterase (PME), and cellulase (Cx) mainly at the early stage of softening. Application of CaCl2 lead to the decreased activities of amylase (AM) and ß-galactosidase (ß-gal) compared with controls during the entire storage periods. These results indicated that CaCl2 treatment might delay postharvest softening of red raspberry fruit stored at low-temperature by retarding cell wall degradation and starch hydrolysis. PRACTICAL APPLICATIONS: Red raspberry fruit is very popular with consumers because of its high-nutritional value and anticancer effects. However, it has a very short postharvest life and softens easily even when stored at low temperature, which limits its distribution to distant market. Our data indicated that CaCl2 treatment delayed postharvest softening of red raspberry fruit stored at low temperature. The results could provide preliminary yet essential information to research community to further study the molecular mechanisms of softening in red raspberry fruit, and also provide reference data for maintaining quality of postharvest red raspberry fruit.

10.
FASEB J ; 2020 Aug 26.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32844486

RESUMO

Human papillomaviruses 16 (HPV16) is the primary causative agent of cervical cancer (CC). E6 oncoprotein plays a crucial role in cervical carcinogenesis and commonly cause the dysregulation of the long noncoding RNAs (lncRNAs) expression. However, the biological function of lncRNAs in HPV16-related CC remains largely unexplored. In the present study HPV16 E6-induced differential expression of lncRNAs, miRNA, and mRNA were identified using microarray-based analysis and verified in tumor r cell lines and tumor tissues, and the function of lncRNA in CC was investigated in vitro and in vivo. We found that an lncRNA, named GABPB1-AS1, was significantly upregulated in HPV16-positive CC tissues and cell lines. GABPB1-AS1 expression in HPV16-positive CC tissues was positively associated with tumor size, lymph node metastasis, and FIGO stage. High expression of GABPB1-AS1 was correlated with a poor prognosis for HPV16-positive CC patients. Functionally, E6-induced GABPB1-AS1 overexpression facilitated CC cells proliferation and invasion in vitro and in vivo. Mechanistically, GABPB1-AS1 acted as a competing endogenous RNA (ceRNA) by sponging miR-519e-5p, resulting in the de-repression of its target gene Notch2 which is well known as an oncogene. Therefore, GABPB1-AS1 functioned as a tumor activator in CC pathogenesis by binding to miR-519e-5p and destroying its tumor suppressive function. Collectively, current results demonstrate that GABPB1-AS1 is associated with CC progression, and may be a promising biomarker or target for the clinical management of CC.

11.
Inorg Chem ; 59(16): 11728-11735, 2020 Aug 17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32799465

RESUMO

Embedding a functional metal-oxo cluster within the matrix of metal-organic frameworks (MOFs) is a feasible approach for the development of advanced porous materials. Herein, three isoreticular pillar-layered MOFs (Co6-MOF-1-3) based on a unique [Co6(µ3-OH)6] cluster were designed, synthesized, and structurally characterized. For these Co6-MOFs, tuning of the framework backbone was facilitated due to the existence of second ligands, which results in adjustable apertures (8.8 to 13.4 Å) and high Brunauer-Emmett-Teller surfaces (1896-2401 m2 g-1). As the [Co6(µ3-OH)6] cluster has variable valences, these MOFs were then utilized as heterogeneous catalysts for the selective oxidation of styrene and benzyl alcohol, showing high conversion (>90%) and good selectivity. The selectivity of styrene to styrene oxide surpassed 80% and that of benzyl alcohol to benzaldehyde was up to 98%. The calculated TOF values show that the increase of reaction rate is positively correlated with the enlargement of pore sizes in these MOFs. Further, a stability test and cycling experiment proved that these Co6-MOFs have well-observed stability and recyclability.

13.
J Food Sci ; 2020 Jul 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32677102

RESUMO

This study examined the effects on conformation and oxidation of myofibrillar protein in largemouth bass by different thawing methods. The conventional thawing, microwave thawing, microwave (MVT) or ultrasound combined with vacuum thawing, microwave or far-infrared thawing (FMT) combined with magnetic nanoparticles were used in this experiment. The physicochemical changes were analyzed by differential scanning calorimetry and dynamic rheology. The protein structure changes were measured by Raman, intrinsic fluorescence, and second-derivative ultraviolet spectrometry. The degree of protein aggregation was evaluated by surface hydrophobicity, particle size, and zeta-potential measurements. Total sulfhydryl content, protein carbonyl content, Ca2+ -ATPase activity, and SDS-PAGE were used to analyze the degree of protein oxidation. Results showed that MVT and FMT samples had better thermal stability, more stable protein conformation, and a lower degree of protein oxidation. Thus, these two methods would be beneficial to sustain the quality of thawed fillets. PRACTICAL APPLICATIONS: In the market circulation, largemouth bass (Micropterus salmoides) need to be frozen. The thawing methods can directly affect the quality of frozen fish, thus causing the changes in the conformation of the myofibrillar protein in fish, and also affecting the degree of protein oxidation. The results showed that the microwave combined with vacuum and the magnetic nanoparticles combined with far-infrared thawing had less effect on myofibrillar protein of fish and were a better thawing method.

14.
Food Funct ; 11(7): 6643-6651, 2020 Jul 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32656560

RESUMO

Acetylcholinesterase (AChE), butyrylcholinesterase (BChE), and beta-secretase 1 (BACE 1) play vital roles in the development and progression of Alzheimer's disease (AD). The objective of the present study was to identify fish roe-derived anti-AD peptides with activities against AChE, BChE, and BACE 1. Fish roe proteins were cleaved in silico by gastrointestinal proteases, and the released peptides were collected. Subsequently, the toxicity, solubility, and biological properties of these novel di- and tri-peptides were predicted and validated. Finally, potential anti-AD peptides were docked to targets, i.e., AChE, BChE, and BACE 1. A novel anti-AD tripeptide WIR with potent inhibition of AChE and BACE 1 was identified, with IC50 values of 43.32 ± 1.22 µM and 2.27 ± 0.35 mM, respectively. In addition, the inhibition rate of WIR (at a concentration of 1.06 ± 0.87 µM) against BChE was 33.5%, and the peptide WIR was able to simultaneously interact with AChE, BChE, and BACE 1. Residues Ser286 of AChE, Asp70 of BChE, and Thr231, Arg235 of BACE 1 played key roles in the interaction with peptide WIR. In summary, peptide WIR exhibits the potential to be an effective treatment for AD.

15.
J Am Chem Soc ; 2020 Jul 24.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32657127

RESUMO

The application scope of metal-organic frameworks (MOFs) is severely restricted by their weak chemical stability and limited pore size. A robust MOF with large mesopores is highly desired, yet poses a great synthetic challenge. Herein, two chemically stable Ni(II)-pyrazolate MOFs, BUT-32 and -33, were constructed from a conformation-matched elongated pyrazolate ligand through the isoreticular expansion. The two MOFs share the same sodalite-type net, but have different pore sizes due to the network interpenetration in BUT-32. Controlled syntheses of the two MOFs have been achieved through precisely tuning reaction conditions, where the microporous BUT-32 was demonstrated to be a thermodynamically stable product while the mesoporous BUT-33 is kinetically favored. To date, BUT-32 represents the first example of Ni4-pyrazolate MOF whose structure was unambiguously determined by single-crystal X-ray diffraction. Interestingly, the kinetic product BUT-33 integrates 2.6 nm large mesopores with accessible Ni(II) active sites and remarkable chemical stability even in 4 M NaOH aqueous solution and 1 M Grignard reagent. This MOF thus demonstrated an excellent catalytic performance in carbon-carbon coupling reactions, superior to other Ni(II)-MOFs including BUT-32. These findings highlight the importance of kinetic control in the reticular synthesis of mesoporous MOFs, as well as their superiority in heterogeneous catalysis.

16.
ACS Appl Mater Interfaces ; 12(31): 35375-35384, 2020 Aug 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32657122

RESUMO

The modular nature of metal-organic frameworks (MOFs) permits their tunable structure and function for target application, such as in biomedicine. Herein, a green-emission Zr(IV)-MOF (BUT-88) was constructed from a customized luminescent carbazolyl ligand. BUT-88 represents the first bcu-type MOF with both organic linker and metal node in eight connections and shows medium-sized pores, rich accessible linking sites, and good water stability and biocompatibility. In virtue of these merits, BUT-88 was then fabricated into a MOF-based fluorescent nanoprobe, drDNA-BUT-88. Using it, the live-cell imaging of dual tumor biomarkers was achieved for the first time upon a MOF-based probe, offering enhanced detection precision in early cancer diagnosis. Particularly, the probe showed efficient ratiometric fluorescent sensing toward the cytoplasmic biomarker microRNA-21, further improving the detection accuracy at the cellular level. In this work, the elaborate combination of MOF engineering and the fluorescent detection technique has contributed a facile biosensing platform, unlocking more possibilities of MOF chemistry.

17.
BMC Infect Dis ; 20(1): 429, 2020 Jun 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-608211

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Since December 2019, over 80,000 patients with coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) have been confirmed in China. With the increasing number of recovered patients, more attention should be paid to the follow-up of these patients. METHODS: In the study, 576 patients with COVID-19 discharged from hospital in Chongqing, China from January 24, 2020, to March 10, 2020 were evaluated by viral nucleic acid tests for severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2(SARS-CoV-2) to determine if they could be released from quarantine. Among the 576 patients, 61 patients (10.6%) had positive RT-PCR test results of SARS-CoV-2. We aimed to analyze the demographics, clinical characteristics and treatment of 61 patients. RESULTS: These positive patients were characterized by older age, chronic medical illness and mild conditions. 38 (62.3%) patients who were asymptomatic without abnormalities on chest radiographs were found in the positive with COVID-19. Also, they showed positive results of stool or sputum specimens with negative results of nasal and pharyngeal swab specimens. The median duration of positive result of SARS-CoV-2 was varied from 3 days to 35 days in the patients discharged from hospital with no family member infection. CONCLUSIONS: Multi-site screening of SARS-CoV-2 including nasal and pharyngeal swabs, stool and sputum specimens could be considered to improve the diagnosis, treatment and infection control in patients with COVID-19. Our findings provide the important information and clinical evidence for the improved management of patients recovered from COVID-19.


Assuntos
Infecções por Coronavirus/diagnóstico , Alta do Paciente , Pneumonia Viral/diagnóstico , Adulto , Idoso , Betacoronavirus , China , Técnicas de Laboratório Clínico , Fezes/virologia , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Nariz/virologia , Pandemias , Faringe/virologia , RNA Viral/isolamento & purificação , Escarro/virologia
18.
J Inorg Biochem ; 210: 111126, 2020 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32521290

RESUMO

To further develop the biomimetic chemistry of [FeFe]- and [NiFe]-hydrogenases for catalytic proton reduction to hydrogen (H2), two serials of dinuclear diiron and trinuclear NiFe2 dithiolate complexes with chelating PCNCP ligands, namely, Fe2(µ-edt)(CO)4{κ2-(Ph2PCH2)2NR} (1a-1c) and Fe2(CO)6(µ3-S)2Ni{(Ph2PCH2)2NR} (2a-2c) where edt = SCH2CH2S and PCNCP = (Ph2PCH2)2NR [R = Bui (CH2CHMe2), But (CMe3), and Bun (CH2CH2CH2Me)], have been synthesized in moderate yields. All the new complexes 1a-1c and 2a-2c have been fully characterized by elemental analysis, FT-IR, NMR spectroscopy, and single-crystal X-ray diffraction analysis. More importantly, to explore the influence of transition metal cores (i.e., nickel and iron) on the electrochemical and electrocatalytic properties of hydrogenase-inspired molecular catalysts for H2 evolution, the cyclic voltammetries (CVs) of 1a-1c and 2a-2c are studied and compared in nBu4NPF6/DMF solution without and with acetic acid (HOAc) as a proton source. This finding suggests that (i) complexes 1a-1c and 2a-2c are all found to be active for electrocatalytic H2 evolution, but (ii) they display the distinct redox behaviors and electrocatalytic proton reduction abilities.

19.
J Virol ; 94(17)2020 Aug 17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32554698

RESUMO

The nonstructural protein 1 (NS1) of several flaviviruses, including West Nile, dengue, and yellow fever viruses, is capable of inducing variable degrees of protection against flavivirus infection in animal models. However, the immunogenicity of NS1 protein of Zika virus (ZIKV) is less understood. Here, we determined the efficacy of ZIKV NS1-based vaccine candidates using two delivery platforms, methyltransferase-defective recombinant vesicular stomatitis virus (mtdVSV) and a DNA vaccine. We first show that expression of ZIKV NS1 could be significantly enhanced by optimizing the signal peptide. A single dose of mtdVSV-NS1-based vaccine or two doses of DNA vaccine induced high levels of NS1-specfic antibody and T cell immune responses but provided only partial protection against ZIKV viremia in BALB/c mice. In Ifnar1-/- mice, neither NS1-based vaccine provided protection against a lethal high dose (105 PFU) ZIKV challenge, but mtdVSV-NS1-based vaccine prevented deaths from a low dose (103 PFU) challenge, though they experienced viremia and body weight loss. We conclude that ZIKV NS1 alone conferred substantial, but not complete, protection against ZIKV infection. Nevertheless, these results highlight the value of ZIKV NS1 for vaccine development.IMPORTANCE Most Zika virus (ZIKV) vaccine research has focused on the E or prM-E proteins and the induction of high levels of neutralizing antibodies. However, these ZIKV neutralizing antibodies cross-react with other flaviviruses, which may aggravate the disease via an antibody-dependent enhancement (ADE) mechanism. ZIKV NS1 protein may be an alternative antigen for vaccine development, since antibodies to NS1 do not bind to the virion, thereby eliminating the risk of ADE. Here, we show that recombinant VSV and DNA vaccines expressing NS1, alone, confer partial protection against ZIKV infection in both immunocompetent and immunodeficient mice, highlighting the value of NS1 as a potential vaccine candidate.

20.
Life Sci ; 256: 117901, 2020 Sep 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32504759

RESUMO

AIMS: Cyclophosphamide (CTX) is an effective anti-tumor and immunosuppressive agent, but it induces nephrotoxicity in clinical applications. The present study aimed to evaluate the protective effect of pyrroloquinoline quinone (PQQ) on CTX-induced nephrotoxicity. MAIN METHODS: We injected male ICR mice with CTX (80 mg/kg/day), and determined nephrotoxicity indices, MDA and antioxidant defenses, inflammatory cytokines, and the levels of main proteins in the Nrf2-HO-1 and NLRP3 signaling pathways. KEY FINDINGS: PQQ has significantly decreased the serum levels of creatinine and urea compared to Model group. When treated with PQQ, MDA, IL-1ß, IL-6, and TNF-α levels have decreased, and SOD, GSH-Px, and CAT activity have increased in the kidney tissues of CTX-induced mice. PQQ activated the Nrf2-mediated signaling pathway, as indicated by the increased expression of Nrf2, HO-1, GCLM, and NQO1. Moreover, PQQ inhibited the NLRP3 inflammatory pathway, as indicated by the reduced expression of NLRP3, ASC, and Caspase-1. SIGNIFICANCE: Our results suggest that PQQ protects against CTX-induced nephrotoxicity, probably by activating the Nrf2-mediated antioxidant pathway and inhibiting the NLRP3 inflammatory pathway.


Assuntos
Ciclofosfamida/efeitos adversos , Nefropatias/induzido quimicamente , Nefropatias/metabolismo , Fator 2 Relacionado a NF-E2/metabolismo , Proteína 3 que Contém Domínio de Pirina da Família NLR/metabolismo , Cofator PQQ/uso terapêutico , Transdução de Sinais , Animais , Antioxidantes/metabolismo , Nitrogênio da Ureia Sanguínea , Peso Corporal/efeitos dos fármacos , Creatinina/metabolismo , Citocinas/metabolismo , Inflamação/patologia , Mediadores da Inflamação/metabolismo , Rim/efeitos dos fármacos , Rim/enzimologia , Rim/patologia , Masculino , Malondialdeído/metabolismo , Camundongos Endogâmicos ICR , Modelos Biológicos , Tamanho do Órgão/efeitos dos fármacos , Cofator PQQ/química , Cofator PQQ/farmacologia
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