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1.
BMC Bioinformatics ; 21(1): 236, 2020 Jun 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32517696

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The interactions between proteins and aptamers are prevalent in organisms and play an important role in various life activities. Thanks to the rapid accumulation of protein-aptamer interaction data, it is necessary and feasible to construct an accurate and effective computational model to predict aptamers binding to certain interested proteins and protein-aptamer interactions, which is beneficial for understanding mechanisms of protein-aptamer interactions and improving aptamer-based therapies. RESULTS: In this study, a novel web server named PPAI is developed to predict aptamers and protein-aptamer interactions with key sequence features of proteins/aptamers and a machine learning framework integrated adaboost and random forest. A new method for extracting several key sequence features of both proteins and aptamers is presented, where the features for proteins are extracted from amino acid composition, pseudo-amino acid composition, grouped amino acid composition, C/T/D composition and sequence-order-coupling number, while the features for aptamers are extracted from nucleotide composition, pseudo-nucleotide composition (PseKNC) and normalized Moreau-Broto autocorrelation coefficient. On the basis of these feature sets and balanced the samples with SMOTE algorithm, we validate the performance of PPAI by the independent test set. The results demonstrate that the Area Under Curve (AUC) is 0.907 for prediction of aptamer, while the AUC reaches 0.871 for prediction of protein-aptamer interactions. CONCLUSION: These results indicate that PPAI can query aptamers and proteins, predict aptamers and predict protein-aptamer interactions in batch mode precisely and efficiently, which would be a novel bioinformatics tool for the research of protein-aptamer interactions. PPAI web-server is freely available at http://39.96.85.9/PPAI.

2.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 99(23): e20532, 2020 Jun 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32502010

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: JLC has been widely applied as a promising adjunctive drug for GC. However, the exact effects and safety of JLC have yet to be systematically investigated. We aimed to summarize the efficacy and safety of JLC for the treatment of advanced GC through the meta-analysis, in order to provide scientific reference for the design of future clinical trials. METHODS: The protocol followed Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses Protocols. Relevant randomized controlled trials were searched from Cochrane Library, PubMed, Web of Science (WOS), Excerpt Medica Database (Embase), Chinese Biomedical Literature Database (CBM), China National Knowledge Infrastructure (CNKI), China Scientific Journal Database (VIP), and Wanfang Database. Papers in English or Chinese published from their inception to January 2020 will be included without any restrictions.Study selection and data extraction will be performed independently by 2 investigators. The clinical outcomes including overall response rate, complete response rate, overall survival, Disease-free survival, quality of life (QoL), immune function, and adverse events, were systematically evaluated. Review Manager 5.3 and Stata 14.0 were used for data analysis, and the quality of the studies was also evaluated. RESULTS AND CONCLUSION: The findings of this research will be published in a peer-reviewed journal, and provide more evidence-based guidance in clinical practice. INTERNATIONAL PLATFORM OF REGISTERED SYSTEMATIC REVIEW AND META-ANALYSIS PROTOCOLS (INPLASY) REGISTRATION NUMBER:: INPLASY202040105. URL: https://inplasy.com/inplasy-2020-4-0105/.


Assuntos
Medicamentos de Ervas Chinesas/uso terapêutico , Neoplasias Gástricas/tratamento farmacológico , Intervalo Livre de Doença , Humanos , Metanálise como Assunto , Projetos de Pesquisa , Neoplasias Gástricas/mortalidade , Revisões Sistemáticas como Assunto
3.
Chemistry ; 2020 Jun 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32492217

RESUMO

Boron-rich particles with the boron fraction ca.10-20 wt-% of controllable shape and size that can be easily prepared via simple ion co-assembly are promising material for tumor treatment by boron neutron capture therapy. Electroneutral, dynamic core-shell polymeric nanoparticles were prepared by co-assembly of cationic PEO- block -PGEA diblock copolymer with sodium closo -dodecaborate, Na 2 [B 12 H 12 ]. This is the first example of polymer nanoparticles based on [B 12 H 12 ] 2- nano-ion pairing. The high [B 12 H 12 ] 2- loading is proven by calorimetry at physiological salt concentration. As a result of rational design, rod-, worm- and sphere-like particles were produced and further tested using human glioblastoma and cervical carcinoma cell lines. Rod-like particles yielded the highest internalization capability into all tested cell lines.

4.
Int J Biol Macromol ; 161: 10-23, 2020 Jun 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32512102

RESUMO

Exopolysaccharides from lactic acid bacteria (LAB) have gained more attention due to their health benefits. Most research on LAB EPS focuses on antitumor and antioxidant activities. To our knowledge, the immunoadjuvant activity of LAB EPS has not been thoroughly studied. In this study, the EPS produced by Lactobacillus kiferi WXD029 were purified by ethanol precipitation and column chromatography fractionation. The molecular weight of the EPS was 3.423 × 105 Da and was mainly composed of Glu, GlcN, and GalN in a molar ratio of 3.1:1:1. In vitro, EPS could significantly enhance the proliferation and phagocytic activity as well as induce the production of NO, TNF-α, IL-1ß, and IL-6 in RAW264.7 cells. In vivo, the EPS adjuvant could increase the titers of S.aureus antigen-specific antibodies and markedly enhanced T cell proliferation. Notably, EPS adjuvant also induced a strong potential Th1, Th2 and Th17-cell mixture responses. Furthermore, immunization with S.aureus antigen plus EPS adjuvant induced a protective effect when compared with S.aureus antigen alone in murine bacteremia, pneumonia and mastitis model. Collectively, these results suggest that EPS derived from probiotic Lactobacillus kiferi strain is promising as an efficient adjuvant candidate for the prevention of S. aureus infections.

5.
Sci Rep ; 10(1): 8791, 2020 May 29.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32471983

RESUMO

Mudstone is very similar to shale except it lacks sheet bedding. Shale gas is widely concerned and successfully exploited commercially in the world, while gas-bearing mudstone is rarely paid attention. To evaluate the reservoir characteristics and exploitation potential of gas-bearing mudstone, a total of 127 mudstone samples from the Shanxi formation were tested by X-ray diffraction (XRD), scanning electron microscope (SEM), gas content, etc., and the qualitative identification and quantitative evaluation of gas-bearing mudstone reservoirs were performed on four wells using the logging curve overlay method and reservoir parameter calculation equations. The results showed that: (1) the average total gas content of core measurement is 1.81 m3/t, and the total content of brittle minerals is 44.2%, which confirms that mudstones can also have good gas content and fracturing performance; (2) logging evaluation the average thickness of gas-bearing mudstone is 55.7 m, the average total gas content is 1.6 m3/t, and the average brittleness index is 38.1%, which indicates that the mudstone of Shanxi formation in the study area is generally gas-bearing and widely distributed. All the results reveal that gas-bearing mudstone with block bedding has the same exploitation potential as shale with sheet bedding,which deserves more attention.

6.
Cell Mol Biol (Noisy-le-grand) ; 66(2): 130-134, 2020 May 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32415939

RESUMO

This study was aimed to explore the effect of Rubimaillin on the survival, migration, and invasion of prostate cancer cell lines DU145 and PC3, and its mechanism. CCK-8 method was used to detect the effects of different concentrations of rubs (0, 5, 10, 20, 40 and 80 µM) on the activity of DU145 cells and PC3 cells. Transwell cell lab test was used to detect the migration and invasion of cells. Western blot was used to detect Notch-1, MMP-2, MMP-9 and Hes-1 protein levels. The CCK-8 assay showed that Rub inhibited the activity of Du145 and PC3 cells in a concentration dependent manner. When the concentration reached 40 µM, the inhibition reached the maximum. After Rub intervention, the migration and invasion ability of Du145 and PC3 cells decreased significantly, while the expression levels of Notch-1, MMP-2, MMP-9 and Hes-1 protein decreased significantly. Rub can inhibit the growth, migration and invasion of prostate cancer cell line DU145 and PC3. The mechanism may be related to the inhibition of Notch-1, MMP-2, MMP-9 and Hes-1 by Rub.

8.
J Phys Chem Lett ; : 3075-3081, 2020 Apr 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32239944

RESUMO

Searching for novel, high-performance, two-dimensional photovoltaic (2DPV) materials is an important pursuit for solar cell applications. In this work, an efficient method based on the machine learning algorithm combined with high-throughput screening is developed. Twenty-six 2DPV candidates are successfully ruled out from 187093 experimentally identified inorganic crystal structures, whose conversion efficiencies are predicted by density functional theory calculations. Our results indicate that Sb2Se2Te, Sb2Te3, and Bi2Se3 exhibit conversion efficiencies that are much higher than those of others, which make them promising 2DPV candidates for further applications. The superior photovoltaic performance is then analyzed, and the hidden structure-related relationships with photovoltaic properties are established, thus providing important information for the further examination of 2DPV materials. Given the rapid development of the database of materials, this approach not only provides an efficient way of searching for novel 2DPV materials but also can be applied to exploration of a broad range of functional materials.

9.
Mater Sci Eng C Mater Biol Appl ; 109: 110511, 2020 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32228919

RESUMO

Fluorescent nanomaterials have gained momentum due to their specific properties and promising applications in various fields. Molybdenum disulfide quantum dots (MoS2 QDs) are emerging as a new class of fluorescent nanomaterials that have generated tremendous research interests due to their unique optical properties and good biocompatibility. In this review, we firstly present an overview of the significant advances of MoS2 QDs in synthetic strategies including top-down and bottom-up approaches, followed by discussing their distinctive properties. Then, the detailed biological applications of MoS2 QDs are provided. Finally, the challenges and perspectives of MoS2 QDs based materials are indicated as well.

10.
Phys Chem Chem Phys ; 2020 Apr 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32315000

RESUMO

Recently, 2D carbon phosphides (PCs) have attracted much attention due to their superior electronic and photovoltaic properties suitable for potential applications in field effect transistors and photodetectors. In this work, we systematically investigate the stability, electronic properties, optical absorption and photocatalytic water splitting performance of few-layered PC3 by using the first principles calculation method. Numerical results indicate that both monolayered and bilayered PC3 can serve as efficient photocatalysts for overall water splitting due to their high stability, moderate band gaps, suitable band edge positions, anisotropic high carrier mobilities and strong capacity of solar absorption. Compared with monolayered PC3, bilayered PC3 displays higher carrier mobilities (2500-23 000 cm2 V-1 s-1) and a wider optical absorption spectrum. Moreover, by applying an in-plane biaxial strain, the utilization of solar energy and the pH range suitable for overall water splitting can be improved effectively for both monolayered and bilayered PC3. Our work reliably expands the potential application of 2D few-layered PC3 in the field of nano-electronics and nano-optoelectronics.

11.
PLoS One ; 15(3): e0230688, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32226037

RESUMO

Nitrogen (N) fertilization affects bioenergy crop growth and productivity and consequently carbon (C) and N contents in soil, it however remains unclear whether N fertilization and crop type individually or interactively influence soil organic carbon (SOC) and total N (TN). In a three-year long fertilization experiment in switchgrass (SG: Panicum virgatum L.) and gamagrass (GG: Tripsacum dactyloides L.) croplands in Middle Tennessee USA, soil samples (0-15cm) were collected in plots with no N input (NN), low N input (LN: 84 kg N ha-1 yr-1 in urea) and high N input (HN: 168 kg N ha-1 yr-1 in urea). Besides SOC and TN, the aboveground plant biomass was also quantified. In addition to a summary of published root morphology data based on a separated mesocosm experiment, the root leachable dissolved organic matter (DOM) of both crops was also measured using archived samples. Results showed no significant interaction of N fertilization and crop type on SOC, TN or plant aboveground biomass (ABG). Relative to NN, HN (not LN) significantly increased SOC and TN in both crops. Though SG showed a 15-68% significantly higher ABG than GG, GG showed a 9.3-12% significantly higher SOC and TN than SG. The positive linear relationships of SOC or TN with ABG were identified for SG. However, GG showed structurally more complex and less readily decomposed root DOM, a larger root volume, total root length and surface area than SG. Collectively, these suggested that intensive N fertilization could increase C and N stocks in bioenergy cropland soils but these effects may be more likely mediated by the aboveground biomass in SG and root chemistry and morphology in GG. Future studies are expected to examine the root characteristics in different bioenergy croplands under the field fertilization experiment.


Assuntos
Carbono/análise , Produtos Agrícolas/crescimento & desenvolvimento , Fertilizantes/análise , Nitrogênio/análise , Solo/química , Biocombustíveis , Biomassa , Tennessee
12.
Oncologist ; 25(4): e626-e633, 2020 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32297448

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The purpose of this study was to investigate the value of 18 [F]-fluorodeoxyglucose (18 F-FDG) positron emission tomography/computed tomography (PET/CT) in tailoring axillary surgery by predicting nodal response among patients with node-positive breast cancer after neoadjuvant chemotherapy (NAC). METHODS: One hundred thirty-three patients with breast cancer with biopsy-confirmed nodal metastasis were prospectively enrolled. 18 F-FDG PET/CT scan was performed before NAC (a second one after two cycles with baseline maximum standardized uptake value [SUVmax ] ≥2.5), and a subset of patients underwent targeted axillary dissection (TAD). All the patients underwent axillary lymph node dissection (ALND). The accuracy was calculated by a comparison with the final pathologic results. RESULTS: With the cutoff value of 2.5 for baseline SUVmax and 78.4% for change in SUVmax , sequential 18 F-FDG PET/CT scans demonstrated a sensitivity of 79.0% and specificity of 71.4% in predicting axillary pathologic complete response with an area under curve (AUC) of 0.75 (95% confidence interval, 0.65-0.84). Explorative subgroup analyses indicated little value for estrogen receptor (ER)-negative, human epidermal growth factor receptor 2 (HER2)-positive patients (AUC, 0.55; sensitivity, 56.5%; specificity, 50.0%). Application of 18 F-FDG PET/CT could spare 19 patients from supplementary ALNDs and reduce one of three false-negative cases in TAD among the remaining patients without ER-negative/HER2-positive subtype. CONCLUSION: Application of the subtype-guided 18 F-FDG PET/CT could accurately predict nodal response and aid in tailoring axillary surgery among patients with node-positive breast cancer after NAC, which includes identifying candidates appropriate for TAD or directly proceeding to ALND. This approach might help to avoid false-negative events in TAD. IMPLICATIONS FOR PRACTICE: This feasibility study showed that 18 [F]-fluorodeoxyglucose (18 F-FDG) positron emission tomography/computed tomography (PET/CT) could accurately predict nodal response after neoadjuvant chemotherapy (NAC) among patients with breast cancer with initial nodal metastasis except in estrogen receptor-negative, human epidermal growth factor receptor 2-positive subtype. Furthermore, the incorporation of 18 F-FDG PET/CT can tailor subsequent axillary surgery by identifying patients with residual nodal disease, thus sparing those patients supplementary axillary lymph node dissection. Finally, we have proposed a possibly feasible flowchart involving 18 F-FDG PET/CT that might be applied in post-NAC axillary evaluation.

13.
BMC Infect Dis ; 20(1): 195, 2020 Mar 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32138673

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Antiretroviral therapy (ART) demonstrates high efficacy in reducing the risk of HIV transmission to sexual partners. However, it is not clear if the use of pre-exposure prophylaxis (PrEP) in HIV-1-serodiscordant couples is necessary during natural conception when the HIV-positive partner exhibits a suppressed viral load. The purpose of this study was to assess the role of PrEP during natural conception in this population. METHODS: A retrospective, multicenter study was conducted in a cohort of HIV-1-serodiscordant couples (positive man, negative woman) with childbearing desires. HIV-positive male partners were treated with ART and achieved viral suppression for more than half a year. The HIV-negative female partners were either treated with PrEP or not treated with PrEP, and outcomes were compared between the two treatment groups. RESULTS: Of 246 HIV-1-serodiscordant couples in whom the HIV-positive partner achieved viral suppression, 104 seronegative women were treated with PrEP during natural conception and 142 seronegative women were not treated with PrEP. There were 410 condom-less sexual acts in couples treated with PrEP and 615 condom-less sexual acts in couples not treated with PrEP. We observed no instances of HIV transmission in HIV-1-serodiscordant couples with or without the use of PrEP during the process of natural conception. CONCLUSIONS: Our results show that PrEP had minimal influence in reducing the risk of HIV transmission during natural conception in HIV-1-serodiscordant couples with a stably suppressed viral load. Thus, it may be an acceptable option for HIV-negative partners to not use PrEP during the process of natural conception if the HIV-positive partner has achieved viral suppression for more than half a year.


Assuntos
Fármacos Anti-HIV/uso terapêutico , Fertilização/fisiologia , Infecções por HIV/transmissão , Profilaxia Pré-Exposição , Carga Viral/efeitos dos fármacos , Adulto , Preservativos/estatística & dados numéricos , Feminino , Infecções por HIV/tratamento farmacológico , Infecções por HIV/prevenção & controle , Soropositividade para HIV/tratamento farmacológico , Soropositividade para HIV/transmissão , HIV-1 , Humanos , Masculino , Estudos Retrospectivos , Parceiros Sexuais
14.
Biosci Rep ; 40(3)2020 Mar 27.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32039440

RESUMO

The present study investigated the effects of Isorhamnetin on two types of prostate cancer cells (androgen-independent and androgen-dependent) and explored its possible mechanisms underlying such effects. Treatment with Isorhamnetin significantly inhibited cell growth and induced lactate dehydrogenase (LDH) release of androgen-independent DU145 and PC3 prostate cancer cells, but exhibited almost no toxicity effect on androgen-dependent LNCaP prostate cancer cell line or normal human prostate epithelial PrEC cells, which was achieved by the induction of apoptosis in a mitochondrion-dependent intrinsic apoptotic pathway. Furthermore, Isorhamnetin inhibited cell migration and invasion in concentration-dependent manners by enhancing mesenchymal-epithelial transition (MET) and inhibiting matrix metalloproteinase (MMP) 2 (MMP-2) and MMP-9 overexpression. In addition, Isorhamnetin also down-regulated the expression of phosphorylated PI3K (p-P13K), Akt (p-Akt), and mTOR (p-mTOR) proteins in both cancer cells, revealing Isorhamnetin to be a selective PI3K-Akt-mTOR pathway inhibitor. In summary, these findings propose that Isorhamnetin might be a novel therapeutic candidate for the treatment of androgen-independent prostate cancer.

15.
Biol Pharm Bull ; 43(2): 258-265, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32009115

RESUMO

Pterostilbene (PTE) has inhibitory effect on a wide array of tumors. However, the therapeutic potential of PTE in renal cancer cells and the underlying mechanisms have not been evaluated. In this study, the aim is to demonstrate the growth inhibitory and the underlying mechanisms of PTE on human renal cell carcinoma (RCC) cells in vitro. By cell viability, cell morphology and colony formation assays, we found that PTE significantly suppressed the proliferation of RCC cells, while had little toxicity to the normal renal cell line HK-2. Flow cytometry assay revealed that PTE potently induced the apoptosis of RCC cells in a concentration-dependent manner, which was also testified by up-regulation of the pro-apoptosis-related protein (Cyto C, Bad, Bak, Bax, Cleaved-caspase 3, Cleaved-caspase 9, Cleaved-poly(ADP-ribose)polymerase (PARP)) and down-regulation of the anti-apoptosis-related protein Bcl-2. Moreover, cell cycle being arrested in S phase and down-regulation of p-Akt and p-extracellular signal-regulated kinase (ERK)1/2 were observed following treatment with PTE in RCC cells, indicating that PTE exerted remarkable anti-tumor activity in RCC cells possibly via cell cycle arrest and inactivation of Akt and ERK1/2 signaling pathways. Immunofluorescence analysis of γH2AX and detecting the expression levels of γH2AX, proliferating cell nuclear antigen (PCNA) and Rad51 by Western blot showed that PTE induced the DNA damages response in RCC cells. Taken together, the results of the present study demonstrated that PTE was a potential preventive and therapeutic agent for human renal cell carcinoma.

16.
Cell Prolif ; 53(3): e12783, 2020 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32101357

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: Cardiac Ca2+ signalling plays an essential role in regulating excitation-contraction coupling and cardiac remodelling. However, the response of cardiomyocytes to simulated microgravity and hypergravity and the effects on Ca2+ signalling remain unknown. Here, we elucidate the mechanisms underlying the proliferation and remodelling of HL-1 cardiomyocytes subjected to rotation-simulated microgravity and 4G hypergravity. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The cardiomyocyte cell line HL-1 was used in this study. A clinostat and centrifuge were used to study the effects of microgravity and hypergravity, respectively, on cells. Calcium signalling was detected with laser scanning confocal microscopy. Protein and mRNA levels were detected by Western blotting and real-time PCR, respectively. Wheat germ agglutinin (WGA) staining was used to analyse cell size. RESULTS: Our data showed that spontaneous calcium oscillations and cytosolic calcium concentration are both increased in HL-1 cells after simulated microgravity and 4G hypergravity. Increased cytosolic calcium leads to activation of calmodulin-dependent protein kinase II/histone deacetylase 4 (CaMKII/HDAC4) signalling and upregulation of the foetal genes ANP and BNP, indicating cardiac remodelling. WGA staining indicated that cell size was decreased following rotation-simulated microgravity and increased following 4G hypergravity. Moreover, HL-1 cell proliferation was increased significantly under hypergravity but not rotation-simulated microgravity. CONCLUSIONS: Our study demonstrates for the first time that Ca2+ /CaMKII/HDAC4 signalling plays a pivotal role in myocardial remodelling under rotation-simulated microgravity and hypergravity.


Assuntos
Sinalização do Cálcio , Hipergravidade , Miócitos Cardíacos/metabolismo , Simulação de Ausência de Peso , Animais , Cálcio/metabolismo , Linhagem Celular , Camundongos , Miócitos Cardíacos/citologia
17.
Infect Dis Poverty ; 9(1): 13, 2020 Jan 31.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32005290

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: China is facing challenges of the shifting presentation of tuberculosis (TB) from younger to elderly due to an ageing population, longer life expectancy and reactivation disease. However, the burden of elderly TB and influence factors are not yet clear. To fill the gap, we generated a cohort study to measure the magnitude of TB incidence and associated factors among the elderly population aged 65 years and above in China. METHODS: In this cohort established in 2013 through a prevalence survey conducted in selected sites, a total of 34 076 elderlies without TB were enrolled into two-year follow-up. We used both active and passive case findings to find out all TB patients among them. The person-year (PY) incidence rates for both bacteriologically positive TB and active TB were calculated. Cox proportional regression model was performed to test effect of risk factors, and the population attributable fraction (PAF) of each risk factor contributing to incident TB among elderlies was calculated. RESULTS: Over the two-year follow-up period, a total of 215 incident active TB were identified, 62 of which were bacteriologically positive. The incidence rates for active TB and bacteriologically positive TB were 481.8 per 100 000 PY (95% CI: 417.4-546.2 per 100 000 PY) and 138.9 per 100 000 PY (95% CI: 104.4-173.5 per 100 000 PY), respectively. Incident cases detected by active case finding were significantly higher (P < 0.001). Male, non-Han nationality, previously treated TB, ex/current smoker and body mass index (BMI) < 18.5 presented as independent predictors for developing TB disease. For developing bacteriologically positive TB, the biggest contribution was from self-reported ex or current smoker (18.06%). And, for developing active TB, the biggest contribution was from non-Han nationality (35.40%), followed by male (26.80%) and age at 75 years and above (10.85%). CONCLUSIONS: Ageing population in China had a high TB incidence rate and risk to develop TB disease, implying that National TB Program (NTP) needs to prioritize for elderly. Active case finding should be applied capture more active TB cases among this particular population, especially for male, non-Han nationality, and those with identified risk factors.


Assuntos
Tuberculose/epidemiologia , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , China/epidemiologia , Humanos , Incidência , Estudos Prospectivos , Fatores de Risco
18.
BMC Infect Dis ; 20(1): 158, 2020 Feb 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32075584

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Although the global human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) epidemic has improved significantly due to antiretroviral treatment (ART), ART-related adverse events (AEs) remain an issue. Therefore, investigating the factors associated with ART-related AEs may provide vital information for monitoring risks. METHODS: A prospective cohort study was conducted among adult patients (aged 18 years or older) with HIV who received Tenofovir (TDF) + Lamivudine (3TC) + Efavirenz (EFV) as first-line ART regimens. All AEs during the first 12 months of therapy were recorded. Logistic regression analysis was used to identify variables associated with AEs. RESULTS: Four hundred seventy-four patients receiving TDF+ 3TC+ EFV ART regimens between March 2017 and October 2017 were included in the study analysis. Among them, 472 (99.6%) experienced at least one AE, 436 (92.0%) patients experienced at least one AE within 1 month of treatment, 33 (7.0%) between one and 3 months of treatment, and three (0.6%) patients after 3 months of treatment. The most commonly reported AE was nervous system (95.6%) related, followed by dyslipidemia (79.3%), and impaired liver function (48.1%). Patients with baseline body mass index (BMI) greater than 24 kg/m2 (adjusted OR 1.77, 95%CI 1.03-3.02), pre-existing multiple AEs (adjusted OR 2.72, 95%CI 1.59-4.64), and pre-existing severe AEs (adjusted OR 5.58, 95%CI 2.65-11.73) were at increased odds of developing a severe AE. Patients with baseline BMI greater than 24 kg/m2 (adjusted OR 2.72, 95%CI 1.25-5.89) were more likely to develop multiple AEs. CONCLUSION: The incidence of ART-related adverse events over a 12-month period in China was high. Baseline BMI greater than 24 kg/m2, pre-existing multiple AEs, and pre-existing severe AEs were shown to be independent risk factors for developing a severe AE.


Assuntos
Fármacos Anti-HIV/efeitos adversos , Terapia Antirretroviral de Alta Atividade/efeitos adversos , Infecções por HIV/tratamento farmacológico , Adolescente , Adulto , Fármacos Anti-HIV/uso terapêutico , Benzoxazinas/efeitos adversos , Benzoxazinas/uso terapêutico , Índice de Massa Corporal , China/epidemiologia , Dislipidemias/induzido quimicamente , Dislipidemias/epidemiologia , Feminino , Humanos , Incidência , Lamivudina/efeitos adversos , Lamivudina/uso terapêutico , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Cobertura de Condição Pré-Existente , Estudos Prospectivos , Tenofovir/efeitos adversos , Tenofovir/uso terapêutico , Adulto Jovem
19.
BMC Bioinformatics ; 21(1): 31, 2020 Jan 29.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31996134

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The analysis and comparison of RNA m6A methylation profiles have become increasingly important for understanding the post-transcriptional regulations of gene expression. However, current m6A profiles in public databases are not readily intercomparable, where heterogeneous profiles from the same experimental report but different cell types showed unwanted high correlations. RESULTS: Several normalizing or correcting methods were tested to remove such laboratory bias. And m6Acorr, an effective pipeline for correcting m6A profiles, was presented on the basis of quantile normalization and empirical Bayes batch regression method. m6Acorr could efficiently correct laboratory bias in the simulated dataset and real m6A profiles in public databases. The preservation of biological signals was examined after correction, and m6Acorr was found to better preserve differential methylation signals, m6A regulated targets, and m6A-related biological features than alternative methods. Finally, the m6Acorr server was established. This server could eliminate the potential laboratory bias in m6A methylation profiles and perform profile-profile comparisons and functional analysis of hyper- (hypo-) methylated genes based on corrected methylation profiles. CONCLUSION: m6Acorr was established to correct the existing laboratory bias in RNA m6A methylation profiles and perform profile comparisons on the corrected datasets. The m6Acorr server is available at http://www.rnanut.net/m6Acorr. A stand-alone version with the correction function is also available in GitHub at https://github.com/emersON106/m6Acorr.


Assuntos
Adenina/análogos & derivados , RNA/metabolismo , Software , Adenina/metabolismo , Animais , Teorema de Bayes , Humanos , Internet , Masculino , Metilação , Camundongos , RNA/química , Processamento Pós-Transcricional do RNA
20.
Bioresour Technol ; 300: 122668, 2020 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31901514

RESUMO

In situ enrichment of anammox bacteria in anoxic biofilms has been observed, but the specific conditions for anammox competition with denitrification for nitrite are not yet fully understood. Therefore, an anoxic sequencing batch biofilm reactor (SBBR) was used to investigate nitrite production during denitrification. In each SBBR cycle, with nearly 80% of nitrate reduced in 3 h, over 9.7 mg/L nitrite was gradually accumulated and maintained for a long time, despite temperatures gradually decreasing from 32 to 5 â„ƒ. The long-term existence of nitrite was due to the low biofilm nitrite reduction rate (1.2 mgN gVSS-1 h-1), which was about 10-fold less than the nitrate reduction rate. Accordingly, nitrite reduction via denitrifiers was continuously suppressed, which was favorable for nitrite reduction through the anammox pathway. Indeed, anammox bacteria were successfully enriched here (Candidatus_Brocadia, 0.1%). This study confirms the potential of anoxic biofilm in enriching anammox bacteria and provides insight into understanding.


Assuntos
Desnitrificação , Nitritos , Anaerobiose , Bactérias , Biofilmes , Reatores Biológicos , Nitrogênio , Oxirredução
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