Your browser doesn't support javascript.
loading
Mostrar: 20 | 50 | 100
Resultados 1 - 20 de 508
Filtrar
1.
J Colloid Interface Sci ; 606(Pt 2): 1800-1810, 2022 Jan 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34507171

RESUMO

Ag3PO4-based photocatalysts have been deeply studied in environmental remediation; however, two problems limited their further application: photocorrosion and quenching effect by in-situ generated H2O2. To addressed these two questions simultaneously, Fe2(MoO4)3 was coupled with Ag3PO4 to construct Z-scheme Fe2(MoO4)3/Ag/Ag3PO4 heterojunction driven by internal-electric-field. The rhodamine B degradation rate of heterojunction was 254 and 7.0 times higher than those of Fe2(MoO4)3 and Ag3PO4, respectively. The outstanding photoactivity was due to the high visible-light harvest, low interface resistance, high separation efficiency of charge carriers, long lifetime of hole (h+) and electron (e-), well-preserved oxidation potential of h+, and especially photocatalytic produced H2O2 inside the system. The in-situ generated H2O2 was fully activated to be •OH on the Fe2(MoO4)3 surface via a Fenton reaction, leading to the elimination of quenching effect on h+ and e-, and generation of more •OH. Additionally, in Z-scheme heterojunction, e- transferred from Ag3PO4 to Fe2(MoO4)3, avoiding the accumulation on Ag3PO4 surface, and hence suppressing the photocorrosion. As a result, 91.2% of degradation efficiency remained after 5 cycles. This paper provides a new method to simultaneously increase the degradation rate by utilizing the in-situ generated H2O2 and improve the stability of Ag3PO4 via constructing a Z-scheme heterojunction.

2.
J Hazard Mater ; 422: 126949, 2022 Jan 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34523474

RESUMO

Sulfamethoxazole (SMX) is highly persistent and difficult to remove, making it urgent to find an efficient method for alleviating the enormous environmental pressure of SMX. In this study, sulfide-modified nanoscale zero-valent iron on carbon nanotubes (S-nZVI@CNTs) was prepared to activate peroxydisulfate (PDS) for the degradation of SMX. The results showed that SMX was completely removed within 40 min (kobs=0.1058 min-1) in the S-nZVI@CNTs/PDS system. By analyzing quenching experiments and electron paramagnetic resonance (EPR), singlet oxygen (1O2) was the main active species of the S-nZVI@CNTs/PDS system. 1O2 might be mediated by the abundant carbonyl groups (CO) on carbon nanotubes through spectroscopic analyses. In addition, sulfur doping transitioned the activation pathway to a nonradical pathway. Spectroscopic analyses and electrochemical experiments confirmed that the formation of CNTs-PDS complexes and S-nZVI could promote electron transfer on the catalyst surface. Furthermore, the main degradation intermediates of SMX were identified, and five possible transformation pathways were proposed. The S-nZVI@CNTs/PDS system possessed advantages including high anti-interference (Cl-, NO3-, HA), a strong applicability, recyclability and a low PDS consumption, offering new insight into the degradation of antibiotic wastewater.

3.
Dis Markers ; 2021: 5669635, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34777633

RESUMO

Tumor microenvironment (TME) has been demonstrated to exhibit a regulatory effect on the progressions of gastric cancer (GC). However, the related functions of stromal and immune components (TME-associated genes) in TME remain largely unclear. From the TCGA dataset, we downloaded the clinical data of 375 GC cases and then estimated the percentage of tumor-infiltrating immunocytes (TICs) and the levels of immune and stromal constituents by the use of CIBERSORT and ESTIMATE tolls. Univariate assays were applied to study the differentially expressed genes. The associations between the clinical information of GC patients and the expressions of the specific genes were analyzed based on the TCGA datasets. The effect of Plexin domain containing 2 (PLXDC2) expression on TICs was conducted. We observed that PLXDC2 expression was distinctly upregulated in GC specimens compared with nontumor gastric specimens. Its upregulation was associated with advanced clinical stages and predicted a shorter overall survival of GC patients. The genes in the group of higher expressing PLXDC2 were primarily enriched in immunity-associated events. By the use of CIBERSORT, we observed that PLXDC2 expressions were related to the proportion of dendritic cells resting, T cell CD4 memory resting, eosinophils, mastocyte resting, mononuclear cells, plasma cells, T cell follicle helper, macrophage M2, and dendritic cells activated. Overall, our discoveries revealed that the expression of PLXDC2 was remarkable in GC, might be a possible biomarker for GC, and provided novel contents regarding immune infiltrates, offering novel insight for treatments of GC.

4.
J Agric Food Chem ; 2021 Nov 17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34784717

RESUMO

The mechanism of nanoselenium (nano-Se) improving the resistance induced by plant components to aphids is unclear. In this study, foliar sprayed nano-Se (5.0 mg/L) could significantly reduce the Sitobion avenae number (36%) compared with that in the control. Foliar application of nano-Se enhanced the antioxidant capacity by reducing malondialdehyde (MDA) and increasing GSH-Px, CAT, GSH, Pro, and VE concentrations in wheat seedlings. The phenylpropane pathway was activated by nano-Se biofortification, which increased apigenin and caffeic acid concentrations. The high-level expression of the related genes (TaBx1A, TaBx3A, TaBx4A, TaASMT2, and TaCOMT) induced the promotion of melatonin (88.6%) and 2,4-dihydroxy-7-methoxy-1,4-benzoxazin-3-one (DIMBOA) (64.3%). Different ratios of the secondary metabolites to nano-Se were taken to examine the effects on resistance of wheat to S. avenae. The results revealed that the combination of nano-Se and melatonin could achieve the best overall performance by reducing the S. avenae number by 52.2%. The study suggests that the coordinated applications of nano-Se and melatonin could more effectively improve the wheat resistance to aphids via the promotion of volatile organic compound synthesis and modulation in phenylpropane and indole metabolism pathways.

5.
J Hazard Mater ; 424(Pt C): 127505, 2021 Oct 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34736184

RESUMO

Metal support interactions modulation is one of the effective strategies to enhance the catalytic performance. Herein, we reported that modulating metal support interactions by switching the strength (CO, H2, NH3) and temperature (200, 300, 400 °C) of reducing gases is a facile way to improve the catalytic performance of Pt/CeO2 for toluene oxidation. The distinct reduction treatments will stepwise enhance the reducibility, ratio of Pt0 and oxygen vacancy concentration, which dominated the activity. The metal support interactions modulation can significantly affect toluene deep oxidation (from benzoate to formate or monodentate carbonate) via enhancing the mobility of surface/lattice oxygen and activation ability towards O2 molecules, since the main activation sites for O2 molecules expand from Pt0 sites to oxygen vacancies and Pt0 sites with temperature increasing.

6.
J Colloid Interface Sci ; 608(Pt 2): 2075-2087, 2021 Oct 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34749154

RESUMO

Herein, a type-I phosphorus-doped carbon nitride/oxygen-doped carbon nitride (P-C3N4/O-C3N4) heterojunction was designed for photocatalysis-self-Fenton reaction (photocatalytic H2O2 production and following Fenton reaction). In P-C3N4/O-C3N4, the photoinduced charge carriers were effectively separated with the help of internal-electric-field near the interface, ensuring the high catalytic performance. As a result, the production rate of H2O2 in an air-saturated solution was 179 µM·h-1, about 7.2, 2.5, 2.5 and 2.1 times quicker than that on C3N4, P-C3N4, O-C3N4, and phosphorus and oxygen co-doped C3N4, respectively. By taking advantage of the cascade mode in photocatalysis-self-Fenton reaction, H2O2 utilization efficiency was remarkably improved to 77.7%, about 9.0 times higher than that of traditional homogeneous Fenton reaction. Befitting from the superior yield and utilization efficiency, the degradation performance of P-C3N4/O-C3N4 was undoubtedly superior than other photocatalysts. This work well addressed two bottlenecks in traditional Fenton reaction: source of H2O2 and their low utilization efficiency, and the findings were beneficial to understand the mechanism and advantage of the photocatalysis-self-Fenton system in environmental remediation.

7.
Front Cell Dev Biol ; 9: 758339, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34805166

RESUMO

The tumor microenvironment heterogeneity of papillary thyroid cancer (PTC) is poorly characterized. The relationship between PTC and Hashimoto thyroiditis (HT) is also in doubt. Here, we used single-cell RNA sequencing to map the transcriptome landscape of PTC from eight PTC patients, of which three were concurrent with HT. Predicted copy number variation in epithelial cells and mesenchymal cells revealed the distinct molecular signatures of carcinoma cells. Carcinoma cells demonstrated intertumoral heterogeneity based on BRAF V600E mutation or lymph node metastasis, and some altered genes were identified to be correlated with disease-free survival in The Cancer Genome Atlas datasets. In addition, transcription factor regulons of follicular epithelial cells unveil the different transcription activation state in PTC patients with or without concurrent HT. The immune cells in tumors exhibited distinct transcriptional states, and the presence of tumor-infiltrating B lymphocytes was predominantly linked to concurrent HT origin. Trajectory analysis of B cells and plasma cells suggested their migration potential from HT adjacent tissues to tumor tissues. Furthermore, we revealed diverse ligand-receptor pairs between non-immune cells, infiltrating myeloid cells, and lymphocytes. Our results provided a single-cell landscape of human PTC. These data would deepen the understanding of PTC, as well as the immunological link between PTC and HT.

8.
Transl Lung Cancer Res ; 10(9): 3782-3792, 2021 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34733628

RESUMO

Background: Despite the potent efficacy of epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR)-tyrosine kinase inhibitors (TKIs) in the treatment of EGFR-mutant non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) patients, drug resistance inevitably ensues, and there remains a paucity of treatment options in clinical practice. Methods: We identified patients with EGFR-mutant advanced NSCLC presenting to Shanghai Pulmonary Hospital and Shanghai Chest Hospital between January 2015 and December 2020 treated with chemo-antiangiogenesis or chemo-immunotherapy combinations after EGFR-TKI resistance. Patient information was collected, and the objective response rate (ORR), disease control rate (DCR), and progression-free survival (PFS) were assessed. Results: A total of 144 patients who met our inclusion criteria were enrolled. Chemo-immunotherapy combinations achieved a higher objective response rate (ORR) compared with chemo-antiangiogenesis combinations (29.5% vs. 13.0%, P=0.018). The DCR was similar between the two groups (93.0% vs. 88.6%, P=0.585), as was the median PFS (7.59 vs. 6.90 months, P=0.552). In the subgroup analyses, patients who developed secondary T790M mutations after EGFR-TKI treatment were less likely to benefit from chemo-immunotherapy combinations than their T790M-negative counterparts (3.42 vs. 7.63 months, P=0.028). For patients who received chemo-antiangiogenesis combinations after TKI resistance, no significant difference was observed in the median PFS between T790M-positive and T790M-negative patients (median PFS: 5.33 vs. 7.46 months, P=0.202). Additionally, multivariate analysis showed that an elevated platelet count was independently associated with a worse PFS for both groups. Conclusions: The efficacy of chemo-immunotherapy combinations was comparable to chemo-antiangiogenesis combinations after failure of EGFR-TKI therapy. For patients harboring EGFR T790M mutations, chemo-antiangiogenesis combinations may be the preferred therapeutic option. In addition, platelet count could be a potential prognostic factor for patients after failure of EGFR-TKI therapy. Further research should be conducted on larger populations and in a prospective setting.

9.
Int J Biol Macromol ; 2021 Oct 29.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34743814

RESUMO

Thrombotic complication has been an important symptom in critically ill patients with COVID-19. It has not been clear whether the virus spike (S) protein can directly induce blood coagulation in addition to inflammation. Heparan sulfate (HS)/heparin, a key factor in coagulation process, was found to bind SARS-CoV-2 S protein with high affinity. Herein, we found that the S protein can competitively inhibit the bindings of antithrombin and heparin cofactor II to heparin/HS, causing abnormal increase in thrombin activity. SARS-CoV-2 S protein at a similar concentration (~10 µg/mL) as the viral load in critically ill patients can cause directly blood coagulation and thrombosis in zebrafish model. Furthermore, exogenous heparin/HS can significantly reduce coagulation caused by S protein, pointing to a potential new direction to elucidate the etiology of the virus and provide fundamental support for anticoagulant therapy especially for the COVID-19 critically ill patients.

10.
J Atheroscler Thromb ; 2021 Nov 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34803086

RESUMO

AIM: Weight change could have many health outcomes. This study aimed to investigate the association between weight change and mortality risk due to total cardiovascular disease (CVD), ischemic heart disease (IHD), and stroke among Japanese. METHODS: We used Suita Study data from 4,746 people aged 30-79 years in this prospective cohort study. Weight change was defined as the difference between baseline weight and weight at age 20. We used Cox proportional hazards models to calculate hazard ratios (HRs) and 95% confidence intervals (CIs) of total CVD, IHD, and stroke mortality for 1) participants with a weight change (>10, 5 to 10, -5 to -10, and <-10 kg) compared to those with stable weight (-4.9 to 4.9 kg) and 2) participants who moved from one body mass index category (underweight, normal weight, or overweight) to another compared to those with normal weight at age 20 and baseline. RESULTS: Within a median follow-up period of 19.9 years, the numbers of total CVD, IHD, and stroke mortality were 268, 132, and 79, respectively. Weight loss of >10 kg was associated with the increased risk of total CVD mortality 2.07 (1.29, 3.32) and stroke mortality 3.02 (1.40, 6.52). Moving from normal weight at age 20 to underweight at baseline was associated with the increased risk of total CVD, IHD, and stroke mortality: 1.76 (1.12, 2.77), 2.10 (1.13, 3.92), and 2.25 (1.05, 4.83), respectively. CONCLUSION: Weight loss, especially when moving from normal to underweight, was associated with the increased risk of CVD mortality.

11.
ACS Nano ; 2021 Nov 18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34792332

RESUMO

Due to the lack of a delivery system that actively targets hypertrophic scar fibroblasts (HSFs), it is difficult to concentrate the effects of drugs on hypertrophic scars (HSs). We recently discovered that the HSF membrane has a homologous targeting effect and developed an active targeted drug delivery system for the local treatment of HSs. A diphenyl carbonate cross-linked cyclodextrin metal organic framework (CDF) containing more than 26% (w/w) quercetin (QUE) was coated with a HSF membrane (QUE@HSF/CDF) and then dispersed in Bletilla striata polysaccharide (BSP)-fabricated dissolvable microneedles (BSP-MNs-QUE@HSF/CDF) for local administration. This biomimetic nanodrug delivery system improved efficacy on HSs by regulating Wnt/ß-catenin and JAK2/STAT3 pathways and reducing the expression of collagens I and III in HS, and this performance was superior to those of systems without HSF functionalization or the assistance of microneedles. Additionally, we found that BSP has synergistic effects and the microneedles have higher mechanical strength and better physical stability than microneedles made of hyaluronic acid. This currently designed drug delivery strategy integrating biomimetic nanoparticles and dissolvable microneedles is promising for applications in the fields of skin disease treatment and cosmetics.

12.
Front Cell Dev Biol ; 9: 757318, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34790667

RESUMO

To date, nearly 100 autoimmune diseases have been an area of focus, and these diseases bring health challenges to approximately 5% of the population worldwide. As a type of disease caused by tolerance breakdown, both environmental and genetic risk factors contribute to autoimmune disease development. However, in most cases, there are still gaps in our understanding of disease pathogenesis, diagnosis, and treatment. Therefore, more detailed knowledge of disease pathogenesis and potential therapies is indispensable. DNA methylation, which does not affect the DNA sequence, is one of the key epigenetic silencing mechanisms and has been indicated to play a key role in gene expression regulation and to participate in the development of certain autoimmune diseases. Potential epigenetic regulation via DNA methylation has garnered more attention as a disease biomarker in recent years. In this review, we clarify the basic function and distribution of DNA methylation, evaluate its effects on gene expression and discuss related key enzymes. In addition, we summarize recent aberrant DNA methylation modifications identified in the most important cell types related to several autoimmune diseases and then provide potential directions for better diagnosing and monitoring disease progression driven by epigenetic control, which may broaden our understanding and contribute to further epigenetic research in autoimmune diseases.

13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34779543

RESUMO

In nature as well as life systems, the presence of asymmetrical and dissymmetrical structures with specific functions is extremely common. However, the construction of metallo-supramolecular assemblies based on dissymmetrical ligands still remains a considerable challenge for avoiding the generation of unexpected isomers with similar thermodynamic stabilities, especially for three-dimensional supramolecular structures. In this study, a strategy for the conformational control of metallo-supramolecular cages via the enhancement of ligand dissymmetry was proposed. Four dissymmetrical ditopic ligands were designed and synthesized. By increasing the dissymmetry of length or angle, conformations of assemblies were precisely controlled to form discrete cis-Pdn L2n molecular cages.

14.
Front Vet Sci ; 8: 714249, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34660760

RESUMO

Enterocytozoon bieneusi is a microsporidian and zoonotic species. This study investigated the prevalence and distribution of E. bieneusi genotypes in farmed masked palm civets using nested PCR, as well as assessed their zoonotic potential by phylogenetic analysis of the ITS region of the rRNA region. Here, we collected 251 fecal specimens from farmed masked palm civets (Paguma larvata) from the Hainan Island, China. In total, 128 of 251 samples were positive for E. bieneusi, with an average infection rate of 51.0%. Seventeen genotypes were identified including 12 known genotypes-HNR-VI (n = 56), SHR1 (n = 45), SHW7 (n = 6), KIN-1 (n = 3), D (n = 3), New1 (n = 3), EbpC (n = 2), CHC5 (n = 1), CHG19 (n = 1), CHN4 (n = 1), EbpA (n = 1), and Henan-III (n = 1)-and five novel genotypes (HNPL-I to HNPL-II; one each). Phylogenetic analysis categorized these genotypes into two groups. Thirteen of them were members of the zoonotic group 1, and the remaining four genotypes were in group 12. This study has shown that the infection rates of E. bieneusi in masked palm civets from Hainan were relatively high and provide baseline data to control and prevent microsporidiosis in farm-related communities. Therefore, infections in masked palm civets with zoonotic genotypes D, EbpC, CHN4, EbpA, KIN-1, and Henan-III should be considered potential threats to public health.

16.
Front Plant Sci ; 12: 748242, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34707631

RESUMO

Sulfur is an essential nutrient for plant growth and development. Sulfate transporters (Sultrs) are critical for sulfate ( SO 4 2 - ) uptake from the soil by the roots in higher plants. However, knowledge about Sultrs in apples (Malus domestica) is scarce. Here, nine putative MdSultrs were identified and classified into two groups according to the their phylogenetic relationships, gene structures, and conserved motifs. Various cis-regulatory elements related to abiotic stress and plant hormone responsiveness were found in the promoter regions of MdSultrs. These MdSultrs exhibited tissue-specific expression patterns and responded to low sulfur (S), abscisic acid (ABA), indole-3-acetic acid (IAA), and methyl jasmonate (MeJA), wherein MdSultr3;1a was especially expressed in the roots and induced by low S. The uptake of SO 4 2 - in cultivated apples depends on the roots of its rootstock, and MhSultr3;1a was isolated from Malus hupehensis roots used as a rootstock. MhSultr3;1a shared 99.85% homology with MdSultr3;1a and localized on the plasma membrane and nucleus membrane. Further function characterization revealed that MhSultr3;1a complemented an SO 4 2 - transport-deficient yeast mutant and improved the growth of yeast and apple calli under low S conditions. The MhSultr3;1a-overexpressing apple calli had a higher fresh weight compared with the wild type (WT) under a low-S treatment because of the increased SO 4 2 - and cysteine (Cys) content. These results demonstrate that MhSultr3;1a may increase the content of SO 4 2 - and Cys to meet the demands of S-containing compounds and improve their growth under S-limiting conditions.

17.
Ann Thorac Surg ; 2021 Oct 26.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34715083

RESUMO

Pleurectomy/decortication serves as a major component of therapy for malignant pleural mesothelioma (MPM), but the procedure is time consuming. We tentatively applied carbon dioxide (CO2) blower into pleurectomy/decortication for a patient with local relapse of MPM. The blower can help increase the potential subpleural place thanks to the positive pressure by CO2, while the mist of saline could clean the potential bleeding to increase visibility. Thereby, the procedure was greatly facilitated in a more precise manner, with blood loss of 100ml and acceptable postoperative air leak and thorax drainage. Therefore, CO2 blower may be considered in pleurectomy/decortication for MPM.

18.
J Nanobiotechnology ; 19(1): 316, 2021 Oct 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34641908

RESUMO

Selenium (Se) can promote the growth and resistance of agricultural crops as fertilizers, while the role of nano-selenium (nano-Se) against Cd remains unclear in pepper plants (Capsicum annuum L.). Biofortification with nano-Se observably restored Cd stress by decreasing the level of Cd in plant tissues and boosting the accumulation in biomass. The Se compounds transformed by nano-Se were primarily in the form of SeMet and MeSeCys in pepper tissues. Differential metabolites and the genes of plant signal transduction and lignin biosynthesis were measured by employing transcriptomics and determining target metabolites. The number of lignin-related genes (PAL, CAD, 4CL, and COMT) and contents of metabolites (sinapyl alcohol, phenylalanine, p-coumaryl alcohol, caffeyl alcohol, and coniferaldehyde) were remarkably enhanced by treatment with Cd1Se0.2, thus, maintaining the integrity of cell walls in the roots. It also enhanced signal transduction by plant hormones and responsive resistance by inducing the biosynthesis of genes (BZR1, LOX3, and NCDE1) and metabolites (brassinolide, abscisic acid, and jasmonic acid) in the roots and leaves. In general, this study can enable a better understanding of the protective mechanism of nano-Se in improving the capacity of plants to resist environmental stress.

19.
Opt Express ; 29(18): 29557-29566, 2021 Aug 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34615064

RESUMO

We report very low-loss deuterated silicon nitride (SiNx:D) micro-ring resonators fabricated by back-end CMOS compatible low-temperature plasma-enhanced chemical vapor deposition (PECVD) without annealing. Strong confinement micro-ring resonators with a quality factor of > 2 million are achieved, corresponding to a propagation loss in the 1460-1610 nm wavelength range of ∼ 0.17 dB/cm. We further report the generation of low-noise coherent Kerr microcomb states including different perfect soliton crystals (PSC) in PECVD SiNx:D micro-ring resonators. These results manifest the promising potential of the back-end CMOS compatible SiNx:D platform for linear and nonlinear photonic circuits that can be co-integrated with electronics.

20.
Stat Med ; 2021 Oct 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34619808

RESUMO

This article proposes a new robust smooth-threshold estimating equation to select important variables and automatically estimate parameters for high dimensional longitudinal data. A novel working correlation matrix is proposed to capture correlations within the same subject. The proposed procedure works well when the number of covariates p n increases as the number of subjects n increases. The proposed estimates are competitive with the estimates obtained with the true correlation structure, especially when the data are contaminated. Moreover, the proposed method is robust against outliers in the response variables and/or covariates. Furthermore, the oracle properties for robust smooth-threshold estimating equations under "large n, diverging p n " are established under some regularity conditions. Extensive simulation studies and a yeast cell cycle data are used to evaluate the performance of the proposed method, and results show that the proposed method is competitive with existing robust variable selection procedures.

SELEÇÃO DE REFERÊNCIAS
DETALHE DA PESQUISA
...