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1.
J Med Chem ; 2023 Jan 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36630177

RESUMO

Direct disruption of the ß-catenin/B-cell lymphoma 9 (BCL9) protein-protein interaction (PPI) is a potential strategy for colorectal cancer (CRC) treatment through inhibiting oncogenic Wnt activity. Herein, a series of 3-phenylpiperidine derivatives were synthesized and evaluated as ß-catenin/BCL9 PPI inhibitors. Among them, compound 41 showed the best IC50 (0.72 µM) in a competitive fluorescence polarization assay and a KD value of 0.26 µM for the ß-catenin protein. This compound selectively inhibited the growth of CRC cells, suppressed Wnt signaling transactivation, and downregulated oncogenic Wnt target gene expression. In vivo, 41 showed potent anti-CRC activity and promoted the infiltration and function of cytotoxic T lymphocytes while decreasing the infiltration of regulatory T-cells (Tregs). Furthermore, the combination of 41 and the anti-PD-1 antibody (Ab) efficiently enhanced anti-CRC efficacy, first verifying the in vivo efficacy of the small-molecule ß-catenin/BCL9 PPI inhibitor and anti-PD-1 Ab in combination.

2.
J Phys Chem Lett ; 14(2): 604-608, 2023 Jan 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36633594

RESUMO

The prereactive intermediate in the furan-maleic anhydride cycloaddition, a classical Diels-Alder reaction, has been captured and characterized in pulsed jets by Fourier transform microwave spectroscopy for the first time. The observed species is stabilized by the π-π* interaction between the two moieties, which connects to the endo channel of the cycloaddition. The secondary interactions between the C=C and C=O in the observed isomer are accountable for its lower energy with respect to the one with the exo channel. The present study tries to fill the significant void of the experimental information on prereactive intermediates as the first stage of Diels-Alder cycloadditions, by outlining the stability of the prereactive intermediate and its accurate molecular structure and by emphasizing the role of the π-π* interaction in governing the stereochemical outcome of the reaction.

3.
Med Clin (Barc) ; 2023 Jan 21.
Artigo em Inglês, Espanhol | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36690554

RESUMO

PURPOSE: To investigate the prognosis of patients with spontaneous remission (SR) of phospholipase A2 receptor (PLA2R)-associated membranous nephropathy (MN). PATIENTS AND METHODS: Patients diagnosed with MN were recruited after examining their renal biopsy in the Renal Department of China-Japan Friendship Hospital between January 2015 and September 2021. Among them, 24 patients with SR were included in this study and follow-up. RESULTS: Twenty-four patients diagnosed with SR of PLA2R-associated MN were recruited; 11 were male, and 13 were female, with a mean age of 49.5±14.5 years (range, 30-77 years). The initial 24-hour urinary total protein and serum albumin levels were 0.29±0.14g/d and 37.5±4.4g/L, respectively, and the initial serum creatinine was 65.0±15.8µmol/L. During the follow-up of 33.9±19.1 months (range, 6-73 months), 22 (91.7%) patients maintained remission; however, one patient had impaired renal function due to acute coronary syndrome and coronary angiography findings, and one patient experienced a repeated relapse caused by respiratory tract infection, at 50 and 70 months. A systematic review of the relevant literature was conducted, and records of patients with SR of PLA2R-associated MN were retrieved from 16 case reports or case series with a total of 97 cases. CONCLUSIONS: Most patients with SR of MN had a promising long-term prognosis, with only a few cases of relapse.

4.
Psychol Health ; : 1-17, 2023 Jan 24.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36691788

RESUMO

There is a growing body of research on improving health behaviours through future thinking but that in improving eating behaviour remains unclear. Hence, we conducted a systematic review and meta-analysis on the effectiveness of time perspective manipulation in improving adult eating behaviours. Articles published from inception through 17 March 2022 were retrieved from eight databases (CINAHL, Embase, ProQuest, PsycINFO, PubMed, Scopus, The Cochrane library, and Web of Science). Meta-analysis was conducted using random effects models with effect sizes reported in Hedges' g. Sixteen experimental studies were included, representing 1,914 participants with mean ages ranging from 20.5 to 44.1 years old and mean baseline BMI of 22.0 kg/m2 to 37.2 kg/m2. The interventions included were episodic future thinking (EFT; n = 12), message framing (n = 2), and varying inter-meal intervals (IMI; n = 2) in improving food choices, food intake and portion size. Two studies reported significant interventional effectiveness for domain-specific EFT while all studies on message framing and IMI reported significant interventional effectiveness. Message framing seemed to be more effective when both temporal distance and valence frames were manipulated. However, the pooled effect sizes of all the interventions did not result in a significant interventional effect (n = 5; g = -0.49; 95% confidence interval (CI) = -1.44, 0.47; p = 0.23; I2=87.2%). More rigorous research is needed to ascertain the effectiveness of manipulating time perspective in improving eating behaviours before such interventions are more widely used.

5.
Exp Gerontol ; : 112092, 2023 Jan 17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36669709

RESUMO

Aging causes brain function degeneration and slows many motor and behavioural responses. The hippocampal theta rhythm (4-12 Hz) is related to cognition and locomotion. However, the findings on aging-related changes in the frequency and amplitude of hippocampal theta oscillations have been inconsistent. We hypothesized that older rats have slower responses in terms of hippocampal theta rhythm during voluntary wheel running than do young adult rats. By simultaneously recording electroencephalography and physical activity (PA), we evaluated theta oscillations in 8-week-old (young adult) and 60-week-old (middle-aged) rats before and during wheel running, which was conducted only during the rats' 12-h dark period. To test the alterations of hippocampal theta rhythm in voluntary wheel running, we analyzed the signals without (8-s) or with (2-s) chronological order. No significant difference was observed in total frequency (TP, 4-12 Hz), low-frequency (LT, 4-6.5 Hz), or high-frequency (9.5-12 Hz) theta activity between active waking and overall running in either group. The theta oscillations were slower in the middle-aged rats than in the young adult rats during wheel running but increased during running for both age groups. During wheel running, the middle-aged rats exhibited an increased LT, which was related to PA. On the basis of the chronological order of running, the young adult rats exhibited increased TP, and the middle-aged rats exhibited significant increases in middle-frequency (MT, 6.5-9.5 Hz) theta activity. The dominant modulations of MT in the middle-aged rats may have caused nonsignificant changes in total activity. These between-group differences in theta rhythm characteristics during voluntary running provide insights into age-related brain function decline.

6.
Brain Res ; 1798: 148159, 2023 01 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36370768

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: Sleep apnea (SA) is characterized by intermittent hypoxia (IH), which increases sympathetic activity and sleep fragmentation, thus increasing the risk of stroke. SA is a highly prevalent disease and can worsen prognosis in patients with stroke. However, the correlation of changes in the cardiac autonomic nervous system and sleep patterns under IH with sensorimotor behavior and cerebral infarction after stroke remains unclear. We hypothesized that dysregulated autonomic activity and unstable sleep patterns induced by IH and correlated with cerebral infarction and abnormal sensorimotor behavior after middle cerebral artery occlusion (MCAO). METHODS: Wistar-Kyoto rats (WKY) were divided into IH (hypoxia: 5 % O2, 8 h/day) and RA group (room air) for 2 weeks and both groups were subjected to MCAO. After MCAO, the IH group was continuously exposed to IH for 1 week. The 24-h physiological signals, blood pressure, and sensorimotor behavior were recorded at baseline (Bas), the first and second weeks during IH (RA/IH1W and RA/IH2W, respectively), and poststroke. RESULTS: Before MCAO, IH caused sympathetic activity during sleep and parasympathetic activity of active waking (AW) to increase. Moreover, IH reduced the accumulated time and duration of paradoxical sleep (PS) and increased the interruption during sleep. After MCAO, IH increased blood pressure, more severe brain damage, and poor sensorimotor performance. Moreover, IH reduced autonomic activity after MCAO and decreased sympathetic activity was associated with poor sensorimotor performance. CONCLUSION: Autonomic activity and sleep patterns affected by IH were correlated with increased cerebral infarction and poor sensorimotor behavior after MCAO.


Assuntos
Lesões Encefálicas , AVC Isquêmico , Acidente Vascular Cerebral , Ratos , Animais , Ratos Endogâmicos WKY , Hipóxia/complicações , Acidente Vascular Cerebral/complicações , Infarto da Artéria Cerebral Média/complicações , Sono/fisiologia , Lesões Encefálicas/complicações , Encéfalo
7.
J Environ Sci (China) ; 123: 3-14, 2023 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36521992

RESUMO

Currently, the three-dimensional (3D) distribution and characteristics of air pollution cannot be understood based on the application of any single atmospheric monitoring technology. Long-term, high-precision and large-scale 3D atmospheric monitoring might become practical by combining heterogeneous modern technologies; for this purpose, the Space-Air-Ground integrated system is a promising concept. In this system, optical remote sensing technologies employing fixed or mobile platforms are used as the main means for ground-based observations. Tethered balloons, unmanned aerial vehicles (UAV) and airborne platforms serve as the air-based observation segment. The final part, satellite remote sensing, corresponds to space-based observations. Aside from obtaining the 3D distribution of air pollution, research on emission estimation and pollution mechanisms has been extensively implemented based on the strengths of this system or some portion of it. Moreover, further research on the fusion of multi-source data, optimization of inversion algorithms, and coupling with atmospheric models is of great importance to the realization of this system.


Assuntos
Poluição do Ar , Tecnologia de Sensoriamento Remoto , Tecnologia de Sensoriamento Remoto/métodos , Aeronaves
8.
Aging Dis ; 13(6): 1591-1605, 2022 Dec 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36465171

RESUMO

Diabetes mellitus (DM) and Parkinson's disease (PD) are both age-related diseases of global concern being among the most common chronic metabolic and neurodegenerative diseases, respectively. While both diseases can be genetically inherited, environmental factors play a vital role in their pathogenesis. Moreover, DM and PD have common underlying molecular mechanisms, such as misfolded protein aggregation, mitochondrial dysfunction, oxidative stress, chronic inflammation, and microbial dysbiosis. Recently, epidemiological and experimental studies have reported that DM affects the incidence and progression of PD. Moreover, certain antidiabetic drugs have been proven to decrease the risk of PD and delay its progression. In this review, we elucidate the epidemiological and pathophysiological association between DM and PD and summarize the antidiabetic drugs used in animal models and clinical trials of PD, which may provide reference for the clinical translation of antidiabetic drugs in PD treatment.

9.
Heliyon ; 8(12): e12152, 2022 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36561700

RESUMO

Objectives: This work aims to evaluate the biomechanical behavior of Chinese customized three-dimensional (3D) -printed miniplates by means of finite element analysis (FEA). Methods: A 3D Lefort I osteotomy model was established by Mimics. Two models were established to compare the strain behaviors of customized miniplate and conventional L-shaped miniplate. Hypermesh and ABAQUS were used to establish computer-aided engineering finite element models. The stress distribution on the mini-plates, screws and bone and the relative displacement of the maxilla segments were analyzed by loading postoperative occlusal force. Results: The displacements for customized mini-plate fixation were notably smaller than L-shaped mini-plate fixation. The maximum stresses on the screws, mini-plates and cortical bone for customized mini-plates were smaller than that for L-shaped miniplates. Conclusion: Chinese customized 3D-printed miniplates provide better postoperative stability and offer a good alternative to the conventional L-shaped miniplate system.

10.
Small ; : e2206403, 2022 Dec 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36504361

RESUMO

The airborne particulate matter (PM) seriously threatens people's health. Personal protective equipment with electrospun nanofibers is an effective method to make people away from air pollutants. Herein, 3D waterproof melamine-formaldehyde polyvinyl alcohol (MF-PVA) nanofibrous membranes are fabricated by a one-step method combining multi-unit needleless electrospinning and a thermal treatment device in a line. 3D nanofibrous structures can be controlled by adjusting the solution concentration of each unit. The PVA nanofibrous membranes become waterproof after cross-linking with MF resin in the following thermal treatment device. The optimized MF-PVA nanofibrous membrane shows excellent air filtration performance (97.3% for PM0.3 , 100% for PM1.0 , and 100% for PM2.5 ) and low air resistance (76 Pa). These 3D waterproof MF-PVA nanofibrous membranes exhibit ultra-stable performance in various practical environments.

11.
Biomater Sci ; 2022 Dec 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36512317

RESUMO

Segmental bone defects over the self-healing threshold are a major challenge for orthopedics. Despite the advancements in clinical practice, traditional tissue engineering methods are limited by the addition of heterogeneous cells and cytokines, leading to carcinoma or other adverse effects. Here, we present a cell-free and cytokine-free strategy using an ECM-mimetic self-assembling peptide hydrogel (SAPH)- polycaprolactone (PCL) composite scaffold. The hydrophilic SAPH endows the rigid PCL scaffold with excellent biocompatibility and preference for osteogenesis induction. The autologous cells around the bone defect site immediately grew, proliferated, and secreted ECM and cytokines after contacting the implanted SAPH-PCL composite scaffold, and the bone repair of rabbit ulnar segmental bone defect was achieved in just six months. Quantitative proteomic analysis reveals that the SAPH-PCL composite scaffold accelerates osteoblastogenesis, osteoclastogenesis, and angiogenesis with moderate immune responses and negligible effects on pathological fibrosis. These findings have important implications for the potential clinical applications of the SAPH-PCL composite scaffold in patients with segmental bone defects and identify the mechanisms of action for accelerated segmental bone defect repair.

12.
Eur Radiol ; 2022 Dec 26.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36571601

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to evaluate whether patients with nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) have more myocardial malperfusion on CT myocardial perfusion imaging (CT-MPI), as well as to further assess if NAFLD is a predictor of myocardial ischemia independently. METHODS: A total of 310 consecutive patients were included for analysis. All patients were divided into two groups according to the presence or absence of NAFLD, which was diagnosed by noncontrast cardiac CT partially covered liver and spleen. Clinical characteristics as well as imaging features including coronary artery calcium score, CCTA, and CT-MPI findings were analyzed. Univariable and multivariable logistic regression analyses were used to find out the relationship between NAFLD and myocardial ischemia. RESULTS: NAFLD (unadjusted hazard ratio [HR]: 2.4, 95% confidence interval [CI]: 1.2 to 4.4, p = 0.008), male (HR: 2.6, 95% CI: 1.5 to 4.5, p = 0.001), obstructive CAD (HR: 2.3, 95% CI: 1.3 to 4.2, p = 0.004), and FAI ≥ -70.1 HU (HR: 3.1, 95% CI: 1.8 to 5.5, p < 0.001) were associated with myocardial ischemia in univariable analysis. After adjusting for traditional CAD risk factors and CT characteristics in the multivariable regression analysis, NAFLD (HR: 2.3, 95% CI: 1.2 to 4.4, p = 0.016) was an independent predictor of myocardial ischemia. CONCLUSION: Our data suggest that myocardial ischemia was more prevalent in patients with NAFLD, and NAFLD is a predictor of myocardial ischemia independent of traditional cardiovascular risk factors and CCTA characteristics. KEY POINTS: • NAFLD patients had higher calcium score, incidence of obstructive coronary artery disease, grade of CAD-RADS, quantitative plaque characteristics, and incidence of fat attenuation index ≥ -70.1 HU. • NAFLD patients had a higher incidence of myocardial ischemia, myocardial hypoperfusion, and hypoperfusion myocardial segments ratio. • NAFLD was a predictor of myocardial ischemia, independent of traditional cardiovascular risk factors, and CCTA characteristics.

13.
J Pers Med ; 12(12)2022 Dec 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36556209

RESUMO

(1) Background: Hormone receptor positive breast cancer is a subtype of breast cancer with relatively good prognosis, but luminal B (HER-2 negative) breast cancer has a higher risk of recurrence and metastasis. Patients with endocrine therapy resistance and chemotherapy insensitivity have poor prognosis. Androgen receptor (AR) is widely expressed in breast cancer, but there is no clear conclusion about its function and correlation with prognosis in luminal B breast cancer. Further research is needed to reveal the role of AR in luminal B (HER-2 negative) breast cancer. (2) Methods: Retrospectively analyzed patients with early-stage luminal B breast cancer. The correlation between AR and its associated indexes with long-term survival was determined. (3) Results: A total of 985 patients were included with 143 treated by neoadjuvant therapy. Of these, 83.5% of the patients had AR expression ≥65%. High AR expression was associated with good disease-free survival (DFS) and overall survival (OS). In the neoadjuvant population, AR/estrogen receptor (ER) > 1.06 and residual tumor Ki67 > 23% had significantly worse DFS. (4) Conclusion: Low AR (<65%) expression is associated with poor prognosis in luminal B (HER-2 negative) breast cancer patients. High AR/ER and residual tumor Ki67 were associated with poor DFS in neoadjuvant group with a cutoff value of AR/ER > 1.06 and residual tumor Ki67 > 23%.

14.
Food Sci Nutr ; 10(12): 4178-4188, 2022 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36514769

RESUMO

The complex coacervation of soybean protein isolate and polysaccharide has been widely applied for preparing biopolymer materials like microcapsule. In this study, hydrolytic soy protein isolate (HSPI) was prepared by mild hydrolysis of soy protein isolate (SPI) with fungal protease 400 (F400). The degree of hydrolysis (DH) for the enzymatic products was controlled at 1%-5%. Emulsification, oxidation resistance, and thermal stability were used to evaluate the performances of HSPI with different DH. The results showed that the HSPI with the hydrolysis degree of 2% had the optimal property. Subsequently, the complex polymer of HSPI/SA was prepared by the coalescence reaction of HSPI and sodium alginate (SA). The turbidity curves manifested the optimal complex coacervation occurred at the ratio of 7:1 (HSPI:SA). Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FTIR) presented that the reaction involved electrostatic interactions between -NH3 + in HSPI and -COO- in SA. Isothermal titration calorimetry experiments indicated that the complex coacervation reactions of HSPI and SA arose spontaneously. The microencapsulation by complex coacervation of HSPI and SA was further produced for embedding sweet orange oil. The thermogravimetric analysis (TGA) result revealed that the microencapsulation system of HSPI/SA had a better heat resistance than that using the SPI/SA complex polymer.

15.
Microbiol Spectr ; : e0411022, 2022 Dec 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36541777

RESUMO

Mangrove microorganisms are a major part of the coastal ecosystem and are directly associated with nutrient cycling. Despite their ecological significance, the collection of culturable mangrove microbes is limited due to difficulties in isolation and cultivation. Here, we report the isolation and genome sequence of strain FT118T, the first cultured representative of a previously uncultivated order UBA8317 within Alphaproteobacteria, based on the combined results of 16S rRNA gene similarity, phylogenomic, and average amino acid identity analyses. We propose Futianiales ord. nov. and Futianiaceae fam. nov. with Futiania as the type genus, and FT118T represents the type species with the name Futiania mangrovii gen. nov, sp. nov. The 16S rRNA gene sequence comparison reveals that this novel order is a rare member but has a ubiquitous distribution across various habitats worldwide, which is corroborated by the experimental confirmation that this isolate can physiologically adapt to a wide range of oxygen levels, temperatures, pH and salinity levels. Biochemical characterization, genomic annotation, and metatranscriptomic analysis of FT118T demonstrate that it is metabolically versatile and active in situ. Genomic analysis reveals adaptive features of Futianiales to fluctuating mangrove environments, including the presence of high- and low-affinity terminal oxidases, N-type ATPase, and the genomic capability of producing various compatible solutes and polyhydroxybutyrate, which possibly allow for the persistence of this novel order across various habitats. Collectively, these results expand the current culture collection of mangrove microorganisms, providing genomic insights of how this novel taxon adapts to fluctuating environments and the culture reference to unravel possible microbe-environment interactions. IMPORTANCE The rare biosphere constitutes an essential part of the microbial community and may drive nutrient cycling and other geochemical processes. However, the difficulty in microbial isolation and cultivation has hampered our understanding of the physiology and ecology of uncultured rare lineages. In this study, we successfully isolated a novel alphaproteobacterium, designated as FT118T, and performed a combination of phenotypic, phylogenetic, and phylogenomic analyses, confirming that this isolate represents the first cultured member of a previously uncultivated order UBA8317 within Alphaproteobacteria. It is a rare species with a ubiquitous distribution across different habitats. Genomic and metatranscriptomic analyses demonstrate that it is metabolically versatile and active in situ, suggesting its potential role in nutrient cycling despite being scarce. This work not only expands the current phylogeny of isolated Alphaproteobacteria but also provides genomic and culture reference to unravel microbial adaptation strategies in mangrove sediments and possible microbe-environment interactions.

16.
Sci Rep ; 12(1): 22299, 2022 12 24.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36566332

RESUMO

This study aimed to evaluate differences in the clinical outcomes of different sacral neuromodulation systems (InterStim and BetterStim) used in the treatment of overactive bladder. Data from a previously established database of sacral neuromodulation in China (the InterStim system) and a 2020 clinical trial of the BetterStim system were screened. Patients with overactive bladder undergoing stage II implanted pulse generator implantation were selected for analysis and divided into InterStim and BetterStim system groups. Voiding diaries and subjective scores obtained preoperatively, after stage I tined-lead implantation (experience period), and after stage II implanted pulse generator implantation were compared between the two groups. This study included 113 patients with overactive bladder (43, InterStim system group; 70, BetterStim system group). Voiding diaries and subjective scores significantly improved in both the InterStim and BetterStim system groups over the treatment period. Specifically, the urination frequency (all P < 0.001), average voiding volume (all P < 0.001), and average urinary leakage (InterStim, P < 0.05; BetterStim, P < 0.01) in both groups significantly improved at different periods during treatment. At the same time, the urgency perception scale (P < 0.001) and OAB-related quality of life score (InterStim, P < 0.05; BetterStim, P < 0.01) also significantly improved. There was no significant difference in urination frequency at baseline between the two groups (P = 0.169). Urination frequency was significantly higher in the BetterStim system group than in the InterStim group during the experience period and at follow-up (P = 0.031, P = 0.006). There was no significant difference in the number of urinary leakages between the different systems at baseline (P = 0.662), although this was higher in the InterStim system group during the experience period (P = 0.016), and the difference disappeared at the last follow-up (P = 0.565). There were significant differences in baseline urgency perception scale (P = 0.001) and OAB-related quality of life score (P < 0.001) between the two groups; however, these differences were not maintained at follow-up (P = 0.81, P = 0.479). Both sacral neuromodulation systems are safe and effective in treating overactive bladder. The InterStim system may be more beneficial for patients with dry overactive bladder. Satisfactory outcomes may be achieved with the BetterStim system in patients with wet overactive bladder. However, further studies are required to confirm this finding.


Assuntos
Terapia por Estimulação Elétrica , Bexiga Urinária Hiperativa , Humanos , Bexiga Urinária Hiperativa/terapia , Qualidade de Vida , Resultado do Tratamento , Micção
17.
Sci Rep ; 12(1): 22424, 2022 12 27.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36575245

RESUMO

Cardiovascular function is related to age, sex, and state of consciousness. We hypothesized that cardiovagal baroreflex sensitivity (BRS) demonstrates different patterns in both sexes before and after 50 years of age and that these patterns are associated with patterned changes during the sleep-wake cycle. We recruited 67 healthy participants (aged 20-79 years; 41 women) and divided them into four age groups: 20-29, 30-49, 50-69, and 70-79 years. All the participants underwent polysomnography and blood pressure measurements. For each participant, we used the average of the arterial pressure variability, heart rate variability (HRV), and BRS parameters during the sleep-wake stages. BRS and HRV parameters were significantly negatively correlated with age. The BRS indexes were significantly lower in the participants aged ≥ 50 years than in those aged < 50 years, and these age-related declines were more apparent during non-rapid eye movement sleep than during wakefulness. Only BRS demonstrated a significantly negative correlation with age in participants ≥ 50 years old. Women exhibited a stronger association than men between BRS and age and an earlier decline in BRS. Changes in BRS varied with age, sex, and consciousness state, each demonstrating a specific pattern. The age of 50 years appeared to be a crucial turning point for sexual dimorphism in BRS. Baroreflex modulation of the cardiovascular system during sleep sensitively delineated the age- and sex-dependent BRS patterns, highlighting the clinical importance of our results. Our findings may aid in screening for neurocardiac abnormalities in apparently healthy individuals.


Assuntos
Barorreflexo , Sistema Cardiovascular , Masculino , Humanos , Feminino , Adulto Jovem , Adulto , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Barorreflexo/fisiologia , Sono/fisiologia , Polissonografia , Frequência Cardíaca/fisiologia , Pressão Sanguínea/fisiologia
18.
ACS Appl Mater Interfaces ; 14(47): 53442-53449, 2022 Nov 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36383755

RESUMO

Two-dimensional electron gas (2DEG) at the interface of amorphous Al2O3/SrTiO3 (aAO/STO) heterostructures has received considerable attention owing to its convenience of fabrication and relatively high mobility. The integration of these 2DEG heterostructures on a silicon wafer is highly desired for electronic applications but remains challanging up to date. Here, conductive aAO/STO heterostructures have been synthesized on a silicon wafer via a growth-and-transfer method. A scanning transmission electron microscopy image shows flat and close contact between STO membranes and a Si wafer. Electron energy loss spectroscopic measurements reveal the interfacial Ti valence state evolution, which identifies the formation of 2D charge carriers confined at the interface of aAO/STO. This work provides a feasible strategy for the integration of 2DEG on a silicon wafer and other desired substrates for potential functional and flexible electronic devices.

19.
Eur J Cell Biol ; 101(4): 151281, 2022 Oct 31.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36343493

RESUMO

For cells to adhere, migrate and proliferate, remodeling of the actin cytoskeleton is required. This process consumes a large amount of ATP while having an intimate connection with cellular metabolism. Signaling pathways that regulate energy homeostasis can also affect actin dynamics, whereas a variety of actin binding proteins directly or indirectly interact with the anabolic and catabolic regulators in cells. Here, we discuss the inter-regulation between actin filaments and cellular metabolism, reviewing recent discoveries on key metabolic enzymes that respond to actin remodeling as well as historical findings on metabolic stress-induced cytoskeletal reorganization. We also address emerging techniques that would benefit the study of cytoskeletal dynamics and cellular metabolism in high spatial-temporal resolution.

20.
World J Clin Cases ; 10(32): 12022-12027, 2022 Nov 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36405292

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Retroperitoneal leiomyoma is a rare benign tumor. Retroperitoneal leiomyomas located in the latissimus uterine ligament are even rarer. Retroperitoneal leiomyomas have similar characteristics to uterine leiomyomas in terms of tissue, which results in confusion during diagnosis. CASE SUMMARY: A 47-year-old female with 3 years of pain in the right lower quadrant and discovery of a pelvic mass 13 d ago underwent open abdominal exploration. In the right broad ligament, a solid mass with well circumscribed boundaries, approximately 15 cm × 10 cm × 10 cm in size was bluntly peeled off. The pathological result was a spindle cell tumor, morphologically considered to originate from smooth muscle. Immunohistochemical results supported a deep soft tissue leiomyoma. CONCLUSION: Retroperitoneal leiomyoma is a rare benign tumor, and surgical treatment can have a good therapeutic effect.

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