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1.
J Cell Physiol ; 235(1): 429-441, 2020 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31230364

RESUMO

Colorectal cancer (CRC) is still a fatal health problem around the world. The underlying mechanisms of CRC have not been fully elucidated. N-myc interactor (NMI) acts as an oncogene or a tumor-suppressor gene in several kinds of cancers but CRC. Here, the expression of NMI was found higher in CRC tissues and cells. Higher expression of NMI indicated the poorer prognosis of CRC patients. Moreover, the proliferation of CRC cells was suppressed significantly after we silenced the expression of NMI, while overexpression of NMI promoted CRC cell proliferation. Flow cytometry demonstrated that NMI promoted cell proliferation through facilitating cell transition from the G1 phase to the S phase. Furthermore, it was found that NMI suppressed the phosphorylation of Smad3 by upregulating the expression of STAT1. The effect of NMI depletion on cell proliferation could be reversed by using Smad3 inhibitor SIS3. In summary, our findings demonstrated that NMI promoted cell proliferation via TGFß/Smad pathway and could indicate the prognosis of patients with CRC.

2.
J Nanosci Nanotechnol ; 20(4): 2267-2276, 2020 Apr 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31492236

RESUMO

Two-dimensional (2D) BiOBr nanosheets (NSs) have attracted considerable interest as photocatalysts. The surface active sites of BiOBr NSs are crucial in determining the photocatalytic performance of these materials under visible light. The modification of the surface state of BiOBr NSs with multiple charged groups has been scarcely studied as a way to increase the number of surface active sites and the corresponding photocatalytic activity. Herein, vanadate-rich 2D BiOBr/Bi NSs were in-situ fabricated without adding strong reductants and subsequently used for visible-light-driven photocatalysis. Even under reductant-free condition, we were able to simultaneously deposit Bi0 and vanadate groups on the surface of pristine BiOBr NSs. The corresponding formation mechanism was also explored in a subsequent step. Compared to pristine BiOBr NSs and BiOBr/Bi NSs, the vanadate-rich BiOBr/Bi NSs prepared herein exhibited superior adsorption and enhanced photodegradation of Rhodamine B (RhB) under visible light illumination.

3.
Food Chem ; 302: 125290, 2020 Jan 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31404873

RESUMO

In our daily lives, we consume foods that have been transported, stored, prepared, cooked, or otherwise processed by ourselves or others. Food storage and preparation have drastic effects on the chemical composition of foods. Untargeted mass spectrometry analysis of food samples has the potential to increase our chemical understanding of these processes by detecting a broad spectrum of chemicals. We performed a time-based analysis of the chemical changes in foods during common preparations, such as fermentation, brewing, and ripening, using untargeted mass spectrometry and molecular networking. The data analysis workflow presented implements an approach to study changes in food chemistry that can reveal global alterations in chemical profiles, identify changes in abundance, as well as identify specific chemicals and their transformation products. The data generated in this study are publicly available, enabling the replication and re-analysis of these data in isolation, and serve as a baseline dataset for future investigations.

4.
Food Chem ; 305: 125435, 2020 Feb 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31494497

RESUMO

Soluble dietary fibre (SDF) of micronized and non-micronized powders of lotus root nodes were investigated based on its adsorption and activity inhibition of pancreatic lipase (PL) by using circular dichroism, fluorescence spectroscopy and modification. Results showed that SDF2 (SDF from micronized powders of lotus root nodes) had stronger PL adsorption and enzyme activity inhibition than SDF1 (SDF from non-micronized powders of lotus root nodes). Specifically, SDF2 showed more binding sites than SDF1 in PL. There were hydrogen bonds and van der Waals interactions between SDF and PL, with Trp on PL probably serving as the main binding site. Carboxyl groups exhibited a stronger inhibition on PL by carboxymethyl and hydroxypropyl modification. The common mechanisms between SDF1 and SDF2 can be attributed to the combination between Trp and carboxyl groups, while the differences may be generated by the variations in structures or chemical groups induced by micronization.

5.
J Pharm Biomed Anal ; 177: 112868, 2020 Jan 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31539713

RESUMO

Traditional Chinese Medicine Injection (TCMI) was restricted due to the batch-to-batch variability caused by the variable compositions of botanical raw materials and complexities of the current manufacturing process. To evaluate and control the quality of Kudiezi Injection (KDZI), a comprehensive and practical method based on multidimensional chromatographic fingerprint associated with multivariate statistical analysis was proposed. The multidimensional chromatographic fingerprint was established by integrating three kinds of chromatographic fingerprints, including High Performance Liquid Chromatography-Ultraviolet spectrum (HPLC-UV), Gas Chromatography-Mass Spectrometer (GC-MS) and High performance ion-exchange chromatography (HPIEC), which were used to detect flavones, nucleosides, organic acids, amino acids and saccharides in KDZI. In addition, four main multivariate statistical analyses were compared to assess the batch-to-batch consistency of samples. Results showed that the cosine method, which has been widely used in the quality evaluation of TCM, failed to distinguish the differences among batches based on neither chromatographic peaks' area nor contents information. t-test and Bayes' theorem could reveal the content difference among batches, while hierarchical clustering analysis could differentiate KDZI batches, and Luteolin-7-O-ß-D-glucuronopyranoside, Tau, Ser, guanine and allose were the main indicators. In conclusion, multidimensional chromatographic fingerprints could reflect the quality information of KDZI comprehensively and hierarchical clustering analysis was suitable to identify the differences among batches. This could provide an integrated method for consistency evaluation of TCMI, process improvement of TCMI and solving similar problems in TCMI.

6.
Appl Opt ; 58(27): 7603-7608, 2019 Sep 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31674415

RESUMO

We present, to the best of our knowledge, a new focal plane snapshot full Stokes spectropolarimeter. The technique uses a wave plate array in combination with a birefringent interferometer to acquire four independent spectropolarimetric modulated subinterferograms in a single shot. Then, the full wavelength associated Stokes parameters are reconstructed using the inverse Fourier transforms and a simple matrix operation. The principle of the described model is investigated, and demonstration experiments are carried out. The experiments indicate that it not only provides snapshot spectropolarimetric data acquisition but also presents the advantages of being high throughput and ultracompact.

7.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31671054

RESUMO

An actinobacterial strain, SCSIO 13007T, was isolated from seawater collected from the Luhuitou fringing reef at a depth of 4.2 m. Phylogenetic and phenotypic properties of the organism supported the hypothesis that it represented a member of the genus Kocuria. Phylogenetic analysis indicated that the levels of 16S rRNA gene sequence similarity between SCSIO 13007T and type strains of other recognized members of the genus Kocuria were lower than 96.99 %. Growth in the presence of up to 15 % (w/v) NaCl was a distinctive characteristic of SCSIO 13007T. Other biochemical and physiological properties and the major fatty acids also differentiated the isolate from its phylogenetically closest relative Kocuria subflava YIM 13062T. The menaquinone types were MK-7(H2) and MK-8(H2). Major cellular fatty acids were anteiso-C15 : 0, iso-C15 : 0 and anteiso-C17 : 0. The polar lipids were diphosphatidylglycerol, phosphatidylglycerol, an unidentified lipid and an unidentified aminolipid. The DNA G+C content was 73.7 mol%. The combined genotypic and phenotypic data indicated that strain SCSIO 13007T represents a novel species of the genus Kocuria, for which the name Kocuria coralli sp. nov. is proposed; the type strain is SCSIO 13007T (=DSM 27811T=NBRC 109942T).

8.
Nature ; 2019 Oct 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31666698

RESUMO

Accumulation of mutant proteins is a major cause of many diseases (collectively called proteopathies), and lowering the level of these proteins can be useful for treatment of these diseases. We hypothesized that compounds that interact with both the autophagosome protein microtubule-associated protein 1A/1B light chain 3 (LC3)1 and the disease-causing protein may target the latter for autophagic clearance. Mutant huntingtin protein (mHTT) contains an expanded polyglutamine (polyQ) tract and causes Huntington's disease, an incurable neurodegenerative disorder2. Here, using small-molecule-microarray-based screening, we identified four compounds that interact with both LC3 and mHTT, but not with the wild-type HTT protein. Some of these compounds targeted mHTT to autophagosomes, reduced mHTT levels in an allele-selective manner, and rescued disease-relevant phenotypes in cells and in vivo in fly and mouse models of Huntington's disease. We further show that these compounds interact with the expanded polyQ stretch and could lower the level of mutant ataxin-3 (ATXN3), another disease-causing protein with an expanded polyQ tract3. This study presents candidate compounds for lowering mHTT and potentially other disease-causing proteins with polyQ expansions, demonstrating the concept of lowering levels of disease-causing proteins using autophagosome-tethering compounds.

9.
Hum Cell ; 2019 Oct 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31667785

RESUMO

Long non-coding RNA (lncRNA), a member of non-coding RNA family with over 200 nucleotides in length, typically serves as an oncogene or tumor suppressor in tumor progression, such as cancer cell proliferation, apoptosis and glycolysis. Recent studies manifested lncRNA LINC00857 was involved in cell cycle regulation of lung cancer. Due to complicated networks in tumorigenesis, the potential roles of LINC00857 underlying lung cancer progression still need further investigation. In this study, we explored the expression of LINC00857 in lung adenocarcinoma (LUAD) tissues and LUAD cell lines and found a dramatical upregulation of LINC00857 compared with the adjacent normal lung tissues and BEAS-2B cell line, respectively. Then, LINC00857 knockdown led to the cell proliferation and glycolysis was repressed, while the apoptosis was elevated in LUAD cell lines. Furthermore, we identified a direct interaction between LINC00857 and miR-1179 in LUAD cells using bioinformatic method and report assay. Finally, we evidenced LINC00857 promoted cell growth and glycolysis and repressed apoptosis via sponging miR-1179 and further regulating sperm-associated antigen 5 (SPAG5) expression in LUAD cell lines. Hence, our results authenticated that lncRNA LINC00857 regulated the cell proliferation, glycolysis and apoptosis of LUAD cells mainly through targeting the miR-1179/SPAG5 axis, which might be a novel insight into lung cancer progression and provided a potential target for clinical treatment of LUAD patients.

10.
Int Health ; 11(S1): S14-S23, 2019 Oct 31.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31670823

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: There are very few close-up sociological or anthropological data informing epidemiological and psychiatric research design and/or contributing to our understanding of the relationship between mental health and specific forms of urban life. Furthermore, research on the relationships between urbanicity and mental disorder has paid little attention to the global diversity of urban experience, such as in cities in China, India and Brazil. METHODS: Two innovative methods can be employed to unveil the diversified urban experience of migrants in China, i.e. an ethnography-informed sociological deep surveying instrument and an ecological momentary assessment with a smartphone app. This article introduces the design and pilot survey of these new instruments towards a 'mechanism-rich' epidemiology. RESULTS: The ethnography-informed survey instrument enabled us to include some of the issues from the ethnography and successfully 'dig deeper' into respondents' social experience. The pilot of the smartphone app serves as 'proof of principle' that we can recruit respondents in Shanghai, and that we can receive and use the data. CONCLUSIONS: Both of these pilots have demonstrated good feasibility for studying mobility, urban life and mental health. Our next steps will be to extend the Shanghai sample, to use the app in Sao Paulo and Toronto and then hopefully in India and Africa.

11.
Opt Lett ; 44(19): 4741-4744, 2019 Oct 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31568431

RESUMO

We report, to our best knowledge, the first observation of enhanced third upconversion Raman overtone of water in the ultraviolet region 240-380 nm by Rhodamine 6G (R6G) under intense excitation of a 532 nm laser. Its spectral peak is mostly around 288 nm. This ultraviolet spectrum has also been obtained for purified water on the Raman spectrometer LRS-3 and fluorescence spectrometer RF-5301PC, which have photomultiplier tubes. The spectral profile is approximately a triangle in most cases. Moreover, an intense and broad background is also observed to appear in the spectrum. Additionally, the conventional visible luminescence spectrum of R6G is discovered to coexist with the ultraviolet one. In comparison, the visible spectrum is much more intense.

12.
J Matern Fetal Neonatal Med ; : 1-3, 2019 Oct 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31570031

RESUMO

Objective: To investigate the use of ultrasound to diagnose fetal intraspinal cyst in thethird trimester. Method: A retrospective analysis of two cases of intraspinal cysts was performed. Theimaging characteristics of the two cysts were discussed. Result: Both cases were of single lance-shaped intraspinal cysts, which were positioned around the terminal conus medullaris along the spinal cord at the side of the dorsal part, mimicking the cord. Conclusion: Prenatal evaluation of the spinal cord is helpful in detecting intraspinal cysts.

13.
J Pediatr ; 2019 Sep 27.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31570155

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the efficacy of high-flow nasal cannula (HFNC) oxygen therapy in providing respiratory support of children with acute lower respiratory infection (ALRI), hypoxemia, and respiratory distress. STUDY DESIGN: We performed a meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials that compared HFNC and standard flow oxygen therapy or nasal continuous positive airway pressure (nCPAP) and reported treatment failure as an outcome. Data were synthesized using Mann-Whitney U test. RESULTS: Compared with standard oxygen therapy, HFNC significantly reduced treatment failure (risk ratio [RR] 0.49, 95% CI 0.40-0.60, P < .001) in children with mild hypoxemia (arterial pulse oximetry [SpO2] >90% on room air). HFNC had an increased risk of treatment failure compared with nCPAP in infants age 1-6 months with severe hypoxemia (SpO2 <90% on room air or SpO2 >90% on supplemental oxygen) (RR 1.77, 95% CI 1.17-2.67, P = .007). No significant differences were found in intubation rates and mortality between HFNC and standard oxygen therapy or nCPAP. HFNC had a lower risk of nasal trauma compared with nCPAP (RR 0.35, 95% CI 0.16-0.77, P = .009). CONCLUSIONS: Among children <5 years of age with ALRI, respiratory distress, and mild hypoxemia, HFNC reduced the risk of treatment failure when compared with standard oxygen therapy. However, nCPAP was associated with a lower risk of treatment failure than HFNC in infants age 1-6 months with ALRI, moderate-to-severe respiratory distress, and severe hypoxemia. No differences were found in intubation and mortality between HFNC and standard oxygen therapy or nCPAP.

14.
Phys Rev Lett ; 123(10): 106803, 2019 Sep 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31573305

RESUMO

The spin states of magnetic molecules have advantageous attributes as carriers of quantum information. However, spin-vibration coupling in molecules causes a decay of excited spin states and a loss of spin coherence. Here, we detect excitations of spin-vibration states in single nickelocene molecules on Ag(110) with a scanning tunneling microscope. By transferring a nickelocene to the tip, the joint spin-vibration states with an adsorbed nickelocene were measured. Chemical variations in magnetic molecules offer the opportunity to tune spin-vibration coupling for controlling the spin coherence.

16.
J Coll Physicians Surg Pak ; 29(10): 915-918, 2019 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31564260

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To determine the frequency of reflux and aspiration in children subjected to reinforced laryngeal mask during laparoscopic surgery in the Trendelenburg position, and evaluate its feasibility. STUDY DESIGN: A descriptive study. PLACE AND DURATION OF STUDY: Department of Anesthesiology, Beijing Chaoyang Hospital, Capital Medical University, from January 2017 to May 2018. METHODOLOGY: A total of 300 children, who underwent laparoscopic high ligation of the hernial sac in the Trendelenburg position under general anesthesia, were enrolled into the present study. Reflux and aspiration were assessed by precise saliva pH to determine the pH value at laryngeal mask airway, and at sites on laryngeal mask corresponding to the larynx, face and peripheral area. Then, the presence of food residue was observed at various sites to determine whether there was reflux or aspiration during the operation. RESULTS: Suspected reflux (9.67%) was observed in 29 children and suspected aspiration was observed in nine children (3%). There was no definite reflux or aspiration observed in any of the children. Furthermore, the prevalence of suspected reflux was higher in children who were >3 years and overweight, compared to children with a normal body mass index and an age of <3 years. CONCLUSION: With strict fasting and water deprivation, and strict selection of laryngeal mask indications before selective operation, it is feasible to apply reinforced laryngeal mask in laparoscopic surgery in the Trendelenburg position in children.

17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31603805

RESUMO

High-resolution (HR) magnetic resonance images (MRI) provide more detailed information for clinical application. However, HR MRI is less available because of the longer scan time and lower signal-to-noise ratio. Spatial resolution is one of the key parameters of MRI. The image post-processing technique super-resolution (SR) is an alternative approach to improve the spatial resolution of MR images. Inspired by advanced deep learning based SR methods, we propose an MRI SR model named progressive sub-band residual learning SR network (PSR-SRN). The proposed model contains two parallel progressive learning streams, where one stream learns on missed high-frequency residuals by sub-band residual learning unit (ISRL) and the other focuses on reconstructing refined MR image. These two streams complement each other and enable to learn complex mappings between "Low-" and "High-" resolution MR images. Besides, we introduce brain-like mechanisms (in-depth supervision and local feedback mechanism) and progressive sub-band learning strategy to emphasize variant textures of MRI. Compared with traditional and deep learning MRI SR methods, our PSR-SRN model shows superior performance.

18.
Neurocrit Care ; 2019 Oct 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31595393

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Our previous study found that mild hypothermia (MH) after resuscitation reduced cerebral microcirculation, but the mechanism was not elucidated. The aim of this study was to clarify changes of endothelin-1 (ET-1) and nitric oxide (NO) systems in brain tissue during hypothermia after resuscitation. METHODS: Twenty-six domestic male Beijing Landrace pigs were used in this study. MH was intravascularly induced 1 h after resuscitation from 8-min ventricular fibrillation. Core temperature was reduced to 33 °C and maintained until 8 h after resuscitation, and then animals were euthanized. ET-1 and NO levels in brain tissue and peripheral plasma were measured. Expression of endothelin-converting enzyme-1 (ECE-1), endothelin A receptor (ET-AR), endothelin-B receptor, and nitric oxide synthase (NOS) in brain tissue was determined by Western blot analysis. RESULTS: Compared with non-hypothermia (NH) treatment, MH after resuscitation significantly increased the level of endothelin-1 and reduced the level of NO in peripheral blood and brain tissue. Cerebral expression of ECE-1 and ET-AR was significantly increased during MH after resuscitation. Moreover, MH significantly decreased inducible NOS expression compared with the NH group. CONCLUSIONS: The ET-1 system is activated, while inducible NOS is inhibited in brain tissue during MH after resuscitation.

19.
Hepatology ; 2019 Oct 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31595532

RESUMO

We read with interest the recent paper by Choi et al(1) on the impact of biopsy-proven NASH on CHB outcomes. The study concluded that compared to patients with CHB alone, CHB patients with concomitant NASH were more likely to have advanced fibrosis (F3/4) and shorter time to liver complications, and that superimposed NASH predicted poorer outcomes in those with advanced fibrosis. However, prior studies have also suggested that CHB patients with co-existing hepatic steatosis may not be at higher risk for disease progression; and in fact, more favorable long-term outcomes were even reported by some.

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