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1.
Food Chem ; 399: 133933, 2023 Jan 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36037684

RESUMO

A series of incubation systems of (+) - catechin (Cat), ascorbic acid (AA) and polyphenol oxidase (PPO) of lotus rhizome at 40 °C were performed to investigate the effect and oxidation pathway of AA on the stability of Cat. The results showed that after the enzymatic or non-enzymatic oxidation of Cat, the products of the two reactions were the same, namely epicatechin, catechin dimer and dehydrogenated catechin dimer. After adding AA, the protective effect of AA on catechin increased first and then decreased with the increase of AA concentration. 0.1 mmolL(exp)-1 AA can inhibit PPO activity in a short time. Within 24 h, 1 mmolL(exp)-1 AA can keep Cat content at 87.88 %. At the concentration of 10 mmolL(exp)-1 AA, excessive AA is oxidized to form a large amount of dehydroascorbic acid (DHAA), which forms an adduct with Cat, promoting the consumption of Cat. The effect of AA on the stability of Cat is time-dependent and dose-dependent.


Assuntos
Ácido Ascórbico , Catequina , Ácido Ascórbico/metabolismo , Catecol Oxidase/metabolismo , Ácido Desidroascórbico , Oxirredução
2.
Bioact Mater ; 20: 638-650, 2023 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35846838

RESUMO

Exposure to a growth factor abundant milieu has remarkable regenerative and rejuvenating effects on organ diseases, tissue damage, and regeneration, including skeletal system defects and bone regeneration. Although the introduction of candidate growth factors into relevant fields has been reported, their regenerative effects remain unsatisfactory, mainly because of the experimental challenges with limited types of growth factors, elusive dosage adjustment, and asynchronous stem cell activation with cytokine secretion. Here, an innovative hydrogel recapitulating a growth factor-enriched microenvironment (GEM) for regenerative advantage, is reported. This sulfated hydrogel includes bone morphogenetic protein-2 (BMP-2), an essential growth factor in osteogenesis, to direct mesenchymal stem cell (MSC) differentiation, stimulate cell proliferation, and improve bone formation. The semi-synthetic hydrogel, sulfonated gelatin (S-Gelatin), can amplify BMP-2 signaling in mouse MSCs by enhancing the binding between BMP-2 and BMP-2 type II receptors (BMPR2), which are located on MSC nuclei and activated by the hydrogel. Importantly, the dramatically improved cytokine secretion of MSCs throughout regeneration confirms the growth factor-acquiring potential of S-Gelatin/rhBMP-2 hydrogel, leading to the vascularization enhancement. These findings provide a new strategy to achieve an in situ GEM and accelerated bone regeneration by amplifying the regenerative capacity of rhBMP-2 and capturing endogenous growth factors.

3.
Rev. bras. med. esporte ; 28(5): 584-586, Set.-Oct. 2022. tab
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1376677

RESUMO

ABSTRACT Introduction: The academic community has demonstrated the link of athletic performance in track and field with critical factors of sports training, including the psychology of competition. Recently, research has been verified that athletic performance is also related to altitude, weather, ambiance, and the timing of the competition. There are no studies to provide theoretical and practical training experience in the regional environment of Ganzhou. Objective: This paper analyzes the influence of altitude training in professional performance athletes. Concurrently, analysis of the physiological and biochemical indicators of the athletes is performed. Methods: Several long-distance runners had an 8-week altitude training. Analyzed the physiological and biochemical indicators of the athletes before and after the training. At the same time, perform mathematical-statistical analysis on the performance of long-distance runners before and after training. Results: After altitude training, hemoglobin and red blood cells showed a significant decrease (P<0.01). After training, athletes' performance improved considerably (P<0.01). Conclusion: Training at different altitudes may promote an ascending curve in the athletes' performance until a plateau in the fourth week of training. Evidence Level II; Therapeutic Studies - Investigating the result.


RESUMO Introdução: A comunidade acadêmica tem demonstrado a ligação do desempenho em pistas e campo com os principais fatores de treinamento esportivo, incluindo a psicologia da competição. Em pesquisas recentes, foi verificado que o nível do desempenho atlético também está relacionado à altitude, ao clima, ao ambiente do local e ao cronograma da competição. Até o momento não existem estudos para proporcionar experiência teórica e prática de treinamento no ambiente regional de Ganzhou. Objetivo: Este artigo analisa a influência do treinamento em altitude sobre o desempenho dos profissionais de atletismo. Ao mesmo tempo, analisamos os indicadores fisiológicos e bioquímicos dos atletas. Métodos: Vários corredores de longa distância tiveram um treinamento de altitude de ٨ semanas. Analisamos os indicadores fisiológicos e bioquímicos dos atletas antes e depois do treinamento. Ao mesmo tempo, realiza análises matemáticas-estatísticas sobre o desempenho dos corredores de longa distância, antes e depois do treinamento. Resultados: Após o treinamento de altitude, a hemoglobina e os glóbulos vermelhos apresentaram diminuição significativa (P<0,01). Após o treinamento, o desempenho dos atletas melhorou consideravelmente (P<0,01). Conclusão: O treinamento em diferentes altitudes pode promover uma curva ascendente no desempenho dos atletas até seu platô, na quarta semana de treino. Nível de evidência II; Estudos Terapêuticos - Investigação de Resultados.


RESUMEN Introducción: La comunidad académica ha demostrado la relación del rendimiento deportivo en el atletismo con los principales factores del entrenamiento deportivo, incluida la psicología de la competición. En investigaciones recientes, se ha descubierto que el nivel de rendimiento deportivo también está relacionado con la altitud, el clima, el entorno del lugar y el horario de la competición. Hasta la fecha, no existen estudios que proporcionen una experiencia de formación teórica y práctica en el entorno regional de Ganzhou. Objetivo: Este trabajo analiza la influencia del entrenamiento en altitud en el rendimiento de los atletas profesionales de atletismo. Al mismo tiempo, analizamos los indicadores fisiológicos y bioquímicos de los atletas. Métodos: Varios corredores de larga distancia se sometieron a un entrenamiento en altitud de 8 semanas. Analizamos los indicadores fisiológicos y bioquímicos de los atletas antes y después del entrenamiento. Al mismo tiempo, realice un análisis matemático-estadístico sobre el rendimiento de los corredores de fondo antes y después del entrenamiento. Resultados: Tras el entrenamiento en altitud, la hemoglobina y los glóbulos rojos mostraron un descenso significativo (P<0,01). Tras el entrenamiento, el rendimiento de los atletas mejoró considerablemente (P<0,01). Conclusión: El entrenamiento en diferentes altitudes puede promover una curva ascendente en el rendimiento de los atletas hasta su meseta, en la cuarta semana de entrenamiento. Nivel de evidencia II; Estudios terapéuticos - Investigación de resultados.

4.
J Plant Physiol ; 278: 153811, 2022 Sep 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36126616

RESUMO

Common vetch (Vicia sativa L.) is an important leguminous crop, providing humans with starch from seeds, feeding livestock with vegetative organs, or fertilizing soils by returning to field. It is aimed to evaluate salt tolerance in common vetch collections for breeding programs and to investigate the underlined physiological mechanisms. Relative germination rate and relative seedling growth showed great difference among common vetch collections in response to salt. A lower level of Na+ and higher levels of K+ and K+/Na+ ratio were maintained in both shoots and roots in salt-tolerant collections than in salt-sensitive ones under salt stress. Expression of the genes involved in transportation and redistribution of Na+ and K+ were cooperatively responsible for salt stress. Transcript levels of NHX7, HKT1, AKT2, and HAK17 in leaves and roots were induced after salt stress, with higher transcript levels in salt-tolerant collections compared with the sensitive ones. Proline and P5CS1 transcript levels were increased after salt stress, with higher levels in salt-tolerant collection compared with salt-sensitive ones. Both O2- and H2O2 were accumulated after salt stress, and lower levels were accumulated in salt-tolerant collection compared with salt-sensitive ones. Superoxide dismutase, catalase and ascorbate peroxidase activities were altered in response to salt and higher levels were maintained in salt-tolerant collections compared with salt-sensitive ones. It is suggested that salt tolerance in common vetch is associated with maintenance of K+ and Na+ homeostasis and the associated gene expression and promoted proline accumulation and antioxidant defense system.

5.
Chemosphere ; 308(Pt 3): 136418, 2022 Sep 17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36126737

RESUMO

The pseudo-persistence of pharmaceutical and personal care products (PPCPs)in the aqueous environment may pose potential risks to human health and ecosystems. The UV disinfection in wastewater treatment plants is one of the essential processes before PPCPs enter the water environment, so it is crucial to elucidate the photolytic behavior and mechanism of PPCPs under UV radiation. In this work, carbamazepine (CBZ) and caffeine (CAF) were selected as typical pollutants to investigate the effect of water matrixes, humic acid, inorganic ions, and pH on the UV radiation performance. Hydroxyl radical (•OH) and singlet oxygen (1O2) were identified by quenching experiments and electron paramagnetic resonance (EPR) spectra as playing a dominant role in the degradation process. UPLC-TOF/MS was conducted to identify 13 and 14 possible intermediates of CBZ and CAF, respectively. Moreover, combining density functional theory (DFT) calculations (Frontier Molecular Orbital and Fukui index), hydroxylation, oxidation, and ring cleavage were proposed as the main degradation pathways of the contaminants, which occurred first at the C(7C), N(17 N) and O(18O) sites of CBZ and at the C(9C) site of CAF. The bio-acute toxicity experiment and the Ecological Structure-Activity Relationships (ECOSAR) program were performed to analyze and predict the toxicity of the intermediates of CBZ and CAF under UV radiation, respectively. The results showed that the acute toxicity of both solutions increased after UV radiation and followed with the combined toxicity. This work has great scientific value and practical environmental significance for evaluating the UV disinfection process and managing PPCPs in the aqueous environment.

6.
Burns Trauma ; 10: tkac034, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36133278

RESUMO

Background: Robotic assistance has been increasingly employed to improve the operative precision in modern knee surgery. The purpose of the study was to evaluate the trauma effect of one of the first domestically developed orthopedic surgical robots in China in a clinical trial of robot-assisted total knee arthroplasty (RA-TKA). Methods: A total of 33 patients who underwent unilateral TKA for end-stage osteoarthritis were randomized to receive RA-TKA (17 cases) or conventional manual TKA (CM-TKA) in our institution in 2020. The trauma effects of the 4 main indicators with 48 sub-indicators in terms of subsectional operative time, inflammation and coagulation markers, physical and radiographical analyses of osteotomy deviation, and postoperative comfort were analyzed. Results: Subsectional operative time analysis showed that the times for bone cutting and gap balancing with RA-TKA were 5.3 and 2.2 min shorter than those with CM-TKA (p = 0.010, p = 0.02), respectively. Arterial blood gas indicators (partial pressure of carbon dioxide, partial pressure of oxygen and SO2) 24 h after RA-TKA, as well as the white blood cell count and neutrophil ratio, were significantly lower than those after CM-TKA (p < 0.05). Inflammatory markers at 72 h after surgery showed the increments of C-reactive protein, erythrocyte sedimentation rate and D-dimer of RA-TKA declined by 180.7, 22.0 and 1050.0% (p < 0.05), respectively, referenced to the preoperative baseline values, as compared to CM-TKA. Mechanical deviation distribution exhibited percentages of region I errors for RA-TKA and CM-TKA of 76.5% and 27.1% (p = 0.000), respectively, and the success rates of one-time osteotomy were 94.1% and 62.5% (p = 0.039), respectively. Radiographical verification showed RA-TKA was more conducive to achieving mechanical alignment and ideal tibial component azimuths. Postoperative efficacy showed that patients were more comfortable after RA-TKA in terms of reduced administration of tranexamic acid, hydrocortisone and the utilization rate of temporary intensive opioid analgesics. No statistical difference in patient-reported outcome measures and complications were recorded between the two groups during continuous observation. Conclusions: Compared with CM-TKA, RA-TKA decreases rather than increases trauma. It might shorten the time required for bone cutting and gap balancing, reduce mechanical errors related to the osteotomy and prosthesis position, and improve the accuracy of the mechanical alignment reconstruction. RA-TKA is also favorable in promoting postoperative comfort and minimizing inflammatory response and drug consumption. Trial registration: The Chinese Clinical Trial Registry (ChiCTR2000031282) approved registration on 26 March 2020.

7.
Open Life Sci ; 17(1): 1064-1074, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36133426

RESUMO

Mitogen-activated protein kinase (MAPK) cascades are conserved and universal signal transduction modules that play important roles in regulating stress responses in plants. Although MAP3K, MP2K, and MPK family in tea plant (Camellia sinensis) have been investigated, little is known about MPK family genes responding to various abiotic stresses in tea plant. In this study, we performed a comprehensive genome-wide analysis of the tea plant MAPKs (CsMPKs) family gene based on the genomic data of tea plants by bioinformatics-based methods. Here, 21 putative CsMPK genes were identified in the tea plant and divided into 4 subfamilies according to the homologous to Arabidopsis and their phylogenetic relationships. The gene structure and conserved motifs of these CsMPKs in the same group showed high similarity, suggesting that they were highly conserved and might have a similar function. The expression profiles of the CsMPK genes were further investigated by quantitative real-time reverse transcription PCR, indicating that many CsMPK genes were involved in response to cold, drought, heat, or heat combined with drought treatment, suggesting their potential roles in abiotic stress responses in tea plant. These results would provide valuable information for further exploring the functional characterization of CsMPK genes in tea plants.

8.
Behav Sci (Basel) ; 12(9)2022 Aug 26.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36135112

RESUMO

Gender differences are essential factors influencing collaborative learning at both individual and group levels. However, few studies have systematically investigated their impact on student performance in the innovative context of STEAM education, particularly in the elementary school setting. To address this research need, this study examined the learning behaviors of 91 sixth graders in a STEAM program, who were classified into three gender groupings, namely, boy-only, girl-only, and mixed-gender groups, and further compared their performance in terms of cognition, interaction, and emotion by both gender and gender group type. The results show that, compared to individual gender differences, the gender group type had a greater impact on students' behavioral performance during STEAM education. While all gender groupings had specific advantages, mixed-gender groups proved to be the most preferable, with benefits such as enhanced higher-order thinking, interaction, and emotional expression. Moreover, the study revealed that both boys and girls acted differently when working with the opposite gender in mixed-gender groups. These research findings have several implications for facilitating STEAM learning in co-ed elementary schools.

9.
Nat Commun ; 13(1): 5594, 2022 Sep 23.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36151101

RESUMO

Insulin receptor (IR) signaling defects cause a variety of metabolic diseases including diabetes. Moreover, inherited mutations of the IR cause severe insulin resistance, leading to early morbidity and mortality with limited therapeutic options. A previously reported selective IR agonist without sequence homology to insulin, S597, activates IR and mimics insulin's action on glycemic control. To elucidate the mechanism of IR activation by S597, we determine cryo-EM structures of the mouse IR/S597 complex. Unlike the compact T-shaped active IR resulting from the binding of four insulins to two distinct sites, two S597 molecules induce and stabilize an extended T-shaped IR through the simultaneous binding to both the L1 domain of one protomer and the FnIII-1 domain of another. Importantly, S597 fully activates IR mutants that disrupt insulin binding or destabilize the insulin-induced compact T-shape, thus eliciting insulin-like signaling. S597 also selectively activates IR signaling among different tissues and triggers IR endocytosis in the liver. Overall, our structural and functional studies guide future efforts to develop insulin mimetics targeting insulin resistance caused by defects in insulin binding and stabilization of insulin-activated state of IR, demonstrating the potential of structure-based drug design for insulin-resistant diseases.

10.
Animals (Basel) ; 12(18)2022 Sep 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36139210

RESUMO

Maternal origins based on the bovine mitochondrial D-loop region are proven to have two main origins: Bos taurus and Bos indicus. To examine the association between the maternal origins of bovine and reproductive traits, the complete mitochondrial D-loop region sequences from 501 Chinese Holstein cows and 94 individuals of other breeds were analyzed. Based on the results obtained from the haplotype analysis, 260 SNPs (single nucleotide polymorphism), 32 indels (insertion/deletion), and 219 haplotypes were identified. Moreover, the nucleotide diversity (π) and haplotype diversity (Hd) were 0.024 ± 0.001 and 0.9794 ± 0.003, respectively, indicating the abundance of genetic resources in Chinese Holstein cows. The results of the median-joining network analysis showed two haplogroups (HG, including HG1 and HG2) that diverged in genetic distance. Furthermore, the two haplogroups were significantly (p < 0.05) correlated with the antral follicle (diameter ≥ 8 mm) count, and HG1 individuals had more antral follicles than HG2 individuals, suggesting that these different genetic variants between HG1 and HG2 correlate with reproductive traits. The construction of a neighbor-joining phylogenetic tree and principal component analysis also revealed two main clades (HG1 and HG2) with different maternal origins: Bos indicus and Bos taurus, respectively. Therefore, HG1 originating from the maternal ancestors of Bos indicus may have a greater reproductive performance, and potential genetic variants discovered may promote the breeding process in the cattle industry.

11.
Cells ; 11(18)2022 Sep 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36139502

RESUMO

Parkinson's disease (PD) is a neurodegenerative disease in which neuronal apoptosis and associated inflammation are involved in its pathogenesis. However, there is still no specific treatment that can stop PD progression. Isoalantolactone (IAL) plays a role in many inflammation-related diseases. However, its effect and mechanism in PD remain unclear. In this study, results showed that IAL administration ameliorated 1-methyl-4-phenyl-1, 2, 3, 6-tetrahydropyridine (MPTP)-induced PD-related pathological impairment and decreased motor activity in mice. Results from in vitro mechanistic studies showed that IAL regulated apoptosis-related proteins by activating the AKT/Nrf2 pathway, thereby suppressing the apoptosis of SN4741 cells induced by N-methyl-4-phenylpyridinium Iodide (MPP+). On the other hand, IAL inhibited LPS-induced release of pro-inflammatory mediators in BV2 cells by activating the AKT/Nrf2/HO-1 pathway and inhibiting the NF-κB pathway. In addition, IAL protected SN4741 from microglial activation-mediated neurotoxicity. Taken together, these results highlight the beneficial role of IAL as a novel therapy and potential PD drug due to its pharmacological profile.

12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36121046

RESUMO

The design of MOF-based micromotors (MOFtors) is still challenging and with limited approaches, especially for the MOF nanoparticles (NPs). Herein, we report a universal and straightforward strategy to efficiently self-assemble MOF NPs into robust MOFtors for enhanced organic or heavy metal ions contaminants remediation without mechanical stirring. Based on the transient Pickering emulsion method, Fe3O4@NH2-UiO-66 (Fe-UiO) NPs are rapidly self-assembled into Fe3O4@NH2-UiO-66 colloidosomes (Fe-UiOSomes) on a large scale, and the formation mechanism is systematically studied. The Fe-UiOSomes-Pt micromotors through chemical reduction (Micromotor-C) presented a higher moving ability of 450±180 µm s-1 in a 5 wt% H2O2 aqueous solution. Finally, the bubble-propelled Micromotor-C was employed to efficiently remove dyes and heavy metal ions (94% for MO and 91% for CrVI). Our simple fabrication strategy overcomes the current challenges and paves the way to design bubble-propelled MOFtors based on small-size MOF particles for stirring-free environmental applications.

13.
Clin Rheumatol ; 2022 Sep 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36121576

RESUMO

PURPOSE: Our research investigated predictors of postoperative blood transfusion rate following total joint arthroplasty (TJA) in patients with rheumatoid arthritis (RA) and evaluated the incidence of complications in the transfusion group and non-transfusion group. METHODS: The authors retrospectively analyzed risk factors among 320 RA patients who underwent elective total hip arthroplasty (THA) or total knee arthroplasty (TKA) from January 2010 to December 2018. Demographic characteristics, laboratory results, medication history, and surgical protocol were gathered from electronic medical records. Univariable and multivariable logistic regression analyses were conducted to measure the impact of relevant variables on the need for transfusions. In addition, we compared the incidence of complications associated with transfusion. RESULTS: The cohort comprised 320 RA patients, aged 57.4 ± 12.0 years, of whom 137 required postoperative blood transfusions and 183 did not. BMI, type of surgery, duration of surgery, disease activity score 28 (DAS28-CRP), tranexamic acid (TXA) administration, and preoperative hemoglobin (Hb) were all risk factors for transfusion after adjusting for the planned procedure. CONCLUSION: Previously published predictors, such as BMI, low preoperative hemoglobin, duration of surgery, procedure type (THA), were also identified in our analysis. Moreover, TXA administration and the DAS28-CRP showed the potential to influence risk. The incidence of postoperative complications was increased in patients who received blood transfusions compared to non-transfusion group. Our findings could help to identify RA patient population requiring blood transfusions, to ensure the necessary steps are adopted to limit blood loss and improve blood management strategies. Key Points • The risk factors for blood transfusion in rheumatoid arthritis patients undergoing total joint arthroplasty were BMI, the type of surgery, duration of surgery, TXA administration, DAS28-CRP, and preoperative hemoglobin. • The incidence of postoperative complications was increased in patients who received blood transfusions compared to non-transfusion group.

14.
J Colloid Interface Sci ; 629(Pt A): 1-10, 2022 Aug 17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36049324

RESUMO

HYPOTHESIS: Self-assembly of peptides is influenced by both molecular structure and external conditions, which dictate the delicate balance of different non-covalent interactions that driving the self-assembling process. The shifting of terminal charge residue is expected to influence the non-covalent interactions and their interplay, thereby affecting the morphologies of self-assemblies. Therefore, the morphology transition can be realized by shifting the position of the terminal charge residue. EXPERIMENTS: The structure transition from thin nanofibers to giant nanotubes is realized by simply shifting the C-terminal lysine of ultrashort Ac-I3K-NH2 to its N-terminus. The morphologies and detailed structure information of the self-assemblies formed by these two peptides are investigated systemically by a combination of different experimental techniques. The effect of terminal residue on the morphologies of the self-assemblies is well presented and the underlying mechanism is revealed. FINDINGS: Giant nanotubes with a bilayer shell structure can be self-assembled by the ultrashort peptide Ac-KI3-NH2 with the lysine residue close to the N-terminal. The Ac-KI3-NH2 dimerization through intermolecular C-terminal H-bonding promotes the formation of a bola-form geometry, which is responsible for the wide nanotube assembly formation. The evolution process of Ac-KI3-NH2 nanotubes follows the "growing width" model. Such a morphological transformation with the terminal lysine shift is applicable to other analogues and thus provides a facile approach for the self-assembly of wide peptide nanotubes, which can expand the library of good template structures for the prediction of peptide nanostructures.

15.
J Colloid Interface Sci ; 629(Pt A): 368-376, 2022 Aug 27.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36081214

RESUMO

Based on the dissolution and conversion mechanism of lithium-sulfur (Li-S) batteries, insulating solid short-chain polysulfides (Li2S2/Li2S) will continuously passivate and corrode the active interface of cathode and anode, which seriously affects its performance. Herein, ammonium benzenesulfonate (NH4BS) is proposed as a soluble ammonium salt to dissolve Li2S in the ether electrolyte, according to the inductive effect of NH4+ cation and O atom on Li-S bond. This is beneficial to alleviate the interface problem of electrodes and irreversible loss of active materials. Noticeably, soluble Li2S regulates its deposition behavior from 2D to 3D, which is conducive to the more effective use of conductive surface. Moreover, the addition of NH4BS can increase the dissociation degree of long-chain polysulfides, so that the diffusion rate and reaction kinetics of active substances are improved. Profiting from these functions, the Li-S cells with NH4BS act out excellent cyclic stability in the long cycle of 0.5 C and 2 C. Under the extreme conditions of high sulfur loading and low electrolyte-sulfur ratio, the cells with NH4BS can cycle stably for 196 cycles, which significantly prolongs the battery life. The proposal of NH4BS broadens a new idea to solve the interface problem of Li-S cells and stimulate the research enthusiasm of developing soluble ammonium salt.

16.
Invest Ophthalmol Vis Sci ; 63(10): 7, 2022 Sep 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36094642

RESUMO

Purpose: Age-related macular degeneration (AMD) is currently the leading cause of blindness worldwide. Previously, we identified ubiquitin-protein ligase E3D (UBE3D) as an AMD-associated protein for East Asian populations, and here we further demonstrate that UBE3D could be associated with DNA damage response. Methods: The established I-SceI-inducible GFP reporter system was used to explore the effect of UBE3D on homologous recombination. Immunoprecipitation-mass spectrometry (MS) was used to explore potential UBE3D-interacting proteins and validated with coimmunoprecipitation assays and the pulldown assays. Micrococcal nuclease (MNase) assays were used to investigate the function of UBE3D on heterochromatin de-condensation upon DNA damage. An aged mouse model of blue light-induced eye damage was constructed, and electroretinography (ERG) and optical coherence tomography (OCT) were performed to compare the differences between wild-type and UBE3D+/- mice. Results: First, we show that GFP-UBE3D is recruited to damage sites by PCNA, through a PCNA-interacting protein (PIP) box. Furthermore, UBE3D interacts with KAP1 via R377R378 and oxidation of the AMD-associated V379M mutation abolishes KAP1-UBE3D binding. By MNase assays, UBE3D depletion reduces the chromatin relaxation levels upon DNA damage. In addition, UBE3D depletion renders less KAP1 recruitment. Compared with wild type, blue light induces less damage in UBE3D+/- mice as measured by ERG and OCT, consistent with our biochemical results. Conclusions: Hence, we propose that one potential mechanism that UBE3D-V379M contributes to AMD pathogenesis might be via defective DNA damage repair linked with oxidative stress and our results offered a potential direction for the treatment of AMD.


Assuntos
Degeneração Macular , Animais , Dano ao DNA , Eletrorretinografia , Luz , Degeneração Macular/genética , Camundongos , Antígeno Nuclear de Célula em Proliferação/genética
17.
J Hazard Mater ; 441: 129904, 2022 Sep 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36096061

RESUMO

As an important subtopic within phytoremediation, hyperaccumulators have garnered significant attention due to their ability of super-enriching heavy metals. Identifying the factors that affecting phytoextraction efficiency has important application value in guiding the efficient remediation of heavy metal contaminated soil. However, it is challenging to identify the critical factors that affect the phytoextraction of heavy metals in soil-hyperaccumulator ecosystems because the current projections on phytoremediation extrapolations are rudimentary at best using simple linear models. Here, machine learning (ML) approaches were used to predict the important factors that affecting phytoextraction efficiency of hyperaccumulators. ML analysis was based on 173 data points with consideration of soil properties, experimental conditions, plant families, low-molecular-weight organic acids from plants, plant genes, and heavy metal properties. Heavy metal properties, especially the metal ion radius, were the most important factors that affect heavy metal accumulation in shoots, and the plant family was the most important factor that affect the bioconcentration factor, metal extraction ratio, and remediation time. Furthermore, the Crassulaceae family had the highest potential as hyperaccumulators for phytoremediation, which was related to the expression of genes encoding heavy metal transporting ATPase (HMA), Metallothioneins (MTL), and natural resistance associated macrophage protein (NRAMP), and also the secretion of malate and threonine. New insights into the effects of plant characteristics, experimental conditions, soil characteristics, and heavy metal properties on phytoextraction efficiency from ML model interpretation could guide the efficient phytoremediation by identifying the best hyperaccumulators and resolving its efficient remediation mechanisms.

18.
Eur J Prev Cardiol ; 2022 Sep 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36101510

RESUMO

AIMS: Much remains unknown about the role of prenatal exposure to environmental stressors in the development of cardiovascular diseases (CVD). The current study aimed to investigate whether exposure to famine early in life was associated with a higher risk of CVD in adulthood. METHODS AND RESULTS: Among 71667 men and women participated in the Patient-centered Evaluative Assessment of Cardiac Events (PEACE) Million Persons Project in southern China, specific years of birth were used to define two cohorts: the exposed group (born during the famine of 1959-1962) and the non-exposed group (born before the famine [1949-1958] or after the famine [1963-1972]). Multivariable-adjusted generalized linear models were used to examine the associations of famine exposure with the risk of developing CVD, as well as with the 10-year CVD risk defined by well-established risk scores. Compared with the non-famine group, early-life exposure to the Chinese famine was significantly associated with increased risks of total CVD (odds ratio, OR = 1.28, 95% CI: 1.16-1.41), coronary heart disease (OR: 1.23 [1.07-1.41]), acute myocardial infarction (OR: 1.32 [1.01-1.70]), heart failure (OR: 2.01 [1.53-2.60]), and stroke (OR: 1.28 [1.12-1.45]) in adulthood. In those without established CVD, early-life exposure to the famine was associated with higher levels of total cholesterol, systolic blood pressure, waist circumference, risk of diabetes, and therefore 10-year CVD risk. CONCLUSION: Early-life exposure to the Chinese famine is associated with an elevated CVD risk later in life, independent of known risk factors.

19.
Sci China Life Sci ; 2022 Sep 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36115892

RESUMO

The human retina serves as a light detector and signals transmission tissue. Advanced insights into retinal disease mechanisms and therapeutic strategies require a deep understanding of healthy retina molecular events. Here, we sequenced the mRNA of over 0.6 million single cells from human retinas across six regions at nine different ages. Sixty cell sub-types have been identified from the human mature retinas with unique markers. We revealed regional and age differences of gene expression profiles within the human retina. Cell-cell interaction analysis indicated a rich synaptic connection within the retinal cells. Gene expression regulon analysis revealed the specific expression of transcription factors and their regulated genes in human retina cell types. Some of the gene's expression, such as DKK3, are elevated in aged retinas. A further functional investigation suggested that over expression of DKK3 could impact mitochondrial stability. Overall, decoding the molecular dynamic architecture of the human retina improves our understanding of the vision system.

20.
World J Emerg Med ; 13(5): 355-360, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36119776

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: This study aimed to establish an effective nomogram to predict the survival of heat stroke (HS) based on risk factors. METHODS: This was a retrospective, observational multicenter cohort study. We analyzed patients diagnosed with HS, who were treated between May 1 and September 30, 2018 at 15 tertiary hospitals from 11 cities in Northern China. RESULTS: Among the 175 patients, 32 patients (18.29%) died before hospital discharge. After the univariate analysis, mechanical ventilation, initial mean arterial pressure <70 mmHg, maximum heart rate, lab results on day 1 (white blood cell count, alanine aminotransferase, creatinine), and Glasgow admission prediction score were included in multivariate analysis. Multivariate Cox regression showed that invasive ventilation, initial mean arterial pressure <70 mmHg (1 mmHg=0.133 kPa), and Glasgow admission prediction score were independent risk factors for HS. The nomogram was established for predicting 7-d and 14-d survival in the training cohort. The nomogram exhibited a concordance index (C-index) of 0.880 (95% confidence interval [95% CI] 0.831-0.930) by bootstrapping validation (B=1,000). Furthermore, the nomogram performed better when predicting 14-d survival, compared to 7-d survival. The prognostic index cut-off value was set at 2.085, according to the operating characteristic curve for overall survival prediction. The model showed good calibration ability in the internal and external validation datasets. CONCLUSION: A novel nomogram, integrated with prognostic factors, was proposed; it was highly predictive of the survival in HS patients.

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