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2.
Dalton Trans ; 51(15): 5983-5988, 2022 Apr 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35348554

RESUMO

A novel CdII-based two-fold interpenetrated metal-organic framework (MOF), namely {[Cd2(BTDB)2(4,4-bpy)]·DMF}n (JXUST-14), (H2BTDB = 4,4'-(benzo[c][1,2,5]thiadiazole-4,7-diyl)dibenzoic acid and 4,4-bpy = 4,4-bipyridine), has been prepared and characterized. Single-crystal structure determination reveals that JXUST-14 has a tetranuclear cluster based 6-connected pcu topological network with Schlafli symbol {412·63}. When soaked in common organic solvents and aqueous solutions with diverse pH values of 2-12 for 48 h, JXUST-14 remains stable. JXUST-14 is a highly selective and sensitive luminescent sensor for L-histidine (His) with a detection limit of 11.1 ppm. JXUST-14 is the first CdII-based MOF for the detection of His via turn-on and fluorescence blue-shift effects. Experimental study and theoretical calculation suggest that the sensing process can be mainly attributed to a charge transfer and energy transfer mechanism. More interestingly, LED lamps of JXUST-14 and JXUST-14@His were successfully developed, which endowed efficient sensitivity for His detection and thus provide great potential for future applications.


Assuntos
Estruturas Metalorgânicas , Cádmio , Histidina , Luminescência , Estruturas Metalorgânicas/química , Espectrometria de Fluorescência
3.
Front Microbiol ; 12: 770656, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34777324

RESUMO

In the past two decades, coronavirus (CoV) has emerged frequently in the population. Three CoVs (SARS-CoV, MERS-CoV, SARS-CoV-2) have been identified as highly pathogenic human coronaviruses (HP-hCoVs). Particularly, the ongoing COVID-19 pandemic caused by SARS-CoV-2 warns that HP-hCoVs present a high risk to human health. Like other viruses, HP-hCoVs interact with their host cells in sophisticated manners for infection and pathogenesis. Here, we reviewed the current knowledge about the interference of HP-hCoVs in multiple cellular processes and their impacts on viral infection. HP-hCoVs employed various strategies to suppress and evade from immune response, including shielding viral RNA from recognition by pattern recognition receptors (PRRs), impairing IFN-I production, blocking the downstream pathways of IFN-I, and other evasion strategies. This summary provides a comprehensive view of the interplay between HP-hCoVs and the host cells, which is helpful to understand the mechanism of viral pathogenesis and develop antiviral therapies.

4.
Signal Transduct Target Ther ; 6(1): 405, 2021 11 18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34795208

RESUMO

Thalidomide induces γ-globin expression in erythroid progenitor cells, but its efficacy on patients with transfusion-dependent ß-thalassemia (TDT) remains unclear. In this phase 2, multi-center, randomized, double-blind clinical trial, we aimed to determine the safety and efficacy of thalidomide in TDT patients. A hundred patients of 14 years or older were randomly assigned to receive placebo or thalidomide for 12 weeks, followed by an extension phase of at least 36 weeks. The primary endpoint was the change of hemoglobin (Hb) level in the patients. The secondary endpoints included the red blood cell (RBC) units transfused and adverse effects. In the placebo-controlled period, Hb concentrations in patients treated with thalidomide achieved a median elevation of 14.0 (range, 2.5 to 37.5) g/L, whereas Hb in patients treated with placebo did not significantly change. Within the 12 weeks, the mean RBC transfusion volume for patients treated with thalidomide and placebo was 5.4 ± 5.0 U and 10.3 ± 6.4 U, respectively (P < 0.001). Adverse events of drowsiness, dizziness, fatigue, pyrexia, sore throat, and rash were more common with thalidomide than placebo. In the extension phase, treatment with thalidomide for 24 weeks resulted in a sustainable increase in Hb concentrations which reached 104.9 ± 19.0 g/L, without blood transfusion. Significant increase in Hb concentration and reduction in RBC transfusions were associated with non ß0/ß0 and HBS1L-MYB (rs9399137 C/T, C/C; rs4895441 A/G, G/G) genotypes. These results demonstrated that thalidomide is effective in patients with TDT.


Assuntos
Transfusão de Eritrócitos , Talidomida/administração & dosagem , Talassemia beta/terapia , Adolescente , Adulto , Criança , Método Duplo-Cego , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Talidomida/efeitos adversos
5.
Front Cell Dev Biol ; 9: 617589, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33889570

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: Mesenchymal stromal cell-derived exosomes have been applied for the treatment of several immune diseases. This study aimed to explore the effect of human bone marrow-derived mesenchymal stem cell (hBMSC)-derived exosomes on acute graft-versus-host disease (aGVHD) after allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (HSCT). METHODS: hBMSC were cultured, and the culture supernatants were then collected to prepare exosomes using total exosome isolation reagent from Invitrogen. Mouse aGVHD model was established by allogeneic cell transplantation and injected with hBMSC-derived exosomes (Msc-exo) via tail vein. Exosomes from human fibroblast (Fib-exo) were used as the treatment control. The effects of Msc-exo on dendritic cells, CD4+, and CD8+ T cells in aGVHD mice were analyzed through flow cytometry. The impact on inflammatory cytokines was tested by ELISA. Besides, the body weight, survival rate, and clinical score of treated mice were monitored. RESULTS: Msc-exo were successfully prepared. aGVHD mice injected with Msc-exo led to 7-8-fold increase of the CD8α+ conventional dendritic cells (cDCs) and CD11b+ cDCs compared with the controls. In addition, Msc-exo altered the T help and Treg subpopulation, and decreased the cytotoxicity and proliferation of cytotoxic T cells to favor inflammatory inhibition in aGVHD mice. Mice that received Msc-exo exhibited decreased weight loss and reduced aGVHD clinical score in a time-dependent manner as well as reduced lethality compared with Fib-exo treated or untreated control. Furthermore, the levels of IL-2, TNF-α, and IFN-γ were decreased, as well as the level of IL-10 was increased after Msc-exo treatment in vivo and in vitro. CONCLUSION: hBMSC-derived exosomes could attenuate aGVHD damage and promote the survival of aGVHD mice by regulating the DC and T-cell subpopulation and function, and lead to inhibited inflammatory response in aGVHD mice.

6.
J Nat Prod ; 84(2): 247-258, 2021 02 26.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33533247

RESUMO

Sixteen new sesquiterpene lactones (1-16) along with 13 known analogues (17-29) were isolated from the whole plants of Centipeda minima. The structures of 1-16 were delineated by the combination of NMR spectroscopic experiments, HRESIMS, single-crystal X-ray diffraction analyses, and ECD spectra. Compounds 23-26 showed potent cytotoxicity against Hela, HCT-116, and HepG2 cells with IC50 values of 0.8-2.6, 0.4-3.3, and 1.1-2.6 µM, respectively. Compounds 8, 15, and 24 exhibited significant inhibitory activity on the production of nitric oxide in the lipopolysaccharide-activated RAW 264.7 mouse macrophage cell line, with IC50 values ranging from 0.1 to 0.2 µM.


Assuntos
Anti-Inflamatórios/farmacologia , Antineoplásicos Fitogênicos/farmacologia , Asteraceae/química , Lactonas/farmacologia , Sesquiterpenos/farmacologia , Animais , Anti-Inflamatórios/isolamento & purificação , Antineoplásicos Fitogênicos/isolamento & purificação , China , Células HCT116 , Células HeLa , Células Hep G2 , Humanos , Lactonas/isolamento & purificação , Camundongos , Estrutura Molecular , Óxido Nítrico , Compostos Fitoquímicos/isolamento & purificação , Compostos Fitoquímicos/farmacologia , Células RAW 264.7 , Sesquiterpenos/isolamento & purificação
7.
Virus Res ; 295: 198307, 2021 04 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33476695

RESUMO

Bats carry diverse severe acute respiratory syndrome-related coronaviruses (SARSr-CoVs). The suspected interspecies transmission of SARSr-CoVs from bats to humans has caused two severe CoV pandemics, the SARS pandemic in 2003 and the recent COVID-19 pandemic. The receptor utilization of SARSr-CoV plays the key role in determining the host range and the interspecies transmission ability of the virus. Both SARS-CoV and SARS-CoV-2 use angiotensin-converting enzyme 2 (ACE2) as their receptor. Previous studies showed that WIV1 strain, the first living coronavirus isolated from bat using ACE2 as its receptor, is the prototype of SARS-CoV. The receptor-binding domain (RBD) in the spike protein (S) of SARS-CoV and WIV1 is responsible for ACE2 binding and medicates the viral entry. Comparing to SARS-CoV, WIV1 has three distinct amino acid residues (442, 472, and 487) in its RBD. This study aimed at exploring whether these three residues could alter the receptor utilization of SARSr-CoVs. We replaced the three residues in SARS-CoV (BJ01 strain) S with their counterparts in WIV1 S, and then evaluated the change of their utilization of bat, civet, and human ACE2s using a lentivirus-based pseudovirus infection system. To further validate the S-ACE2 interactions, the binding affinity between the RBDs of these S proteins and the three ACE2s were verified by flow cytometry. The results showed that the single amino acid substitution Y442S in the RBD of BJ01 S enhanced its utilization of bat ACE2 and its binding affinity to bat ACE2. On the contrary, the reverse substitution in WIV1 S (S442Y) significantly attenuated the pseudovirus utilization of bat, civet and human ACE2s for cell entry, and reduced its binding affinity with the three ACE2s. These results suggest that the S442 is critical for WIV1 adapting to bats as its natural hosts. These findings will enhance our understanding of host adaptations and cross-species infections of coronaviruses, contributing to the prediction and prevention of coronavirus epidemics.


Assuntos
Enzima de Conversão de Angiotensina 2/fisiologia , COVID-19/transmissão , Quirópteros/virologia , Especificidade de Hospedeiro , SARS-CoV-2 , Glicoproteína da Espícula de Coronavírus/química , Animais , Sítios de Ligação , Células Cultivadas , Humanos , Internalização do Vírus , Viverridae/virologia
8.
Transbound Emerg Dis ; 68(3): 1046-1053, 2021 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32794346

RESUMO

Coronavirus (CoV) pandemics have become a huge threat to the public health worldwide in the recent decades. Typically, severe acute respiratory syndrome CoV (SARS-CoV) caused SARS pandemic in 2003 and SARS-CoV-2 caused the ongoing COVID-19 pandemic. Both viruses are most likely originated from bats. Thus, direct or indirect inter-species transmission from bats to humans is required for the viruses to cause pandemics. Receptor utilization is a key factor determining the host range of viruses which is critical to the inter-species transmission. Angiotensin-converting enzyme 2 (ACE2) is the receptor of both SARS-CoV and SARS-CoV-2, but only ACE2s of certain animals can be utilized by the viruses. Here, we employed pseudovirus cell-entry assay to evaluate the receptor-utilizing capability of ACE2s of 20 animals by the two viruses and found that SARS-CoV-2 utilized less ACE2s than SARS-CoV, indicating a narrower host range of SARS-CoV-2. Especially, SARS-CoV-2 tended not to use murine or non-mammal ACE2s. Meanwhile, pangolin-CoV, another SARS-related coronavirus highly homologous to SARS-CoV-2 in its genome, yet showed similar ACE2 utilization profile with SARS-CoV rather than SARS-CoV-2. Nevertheless, the actual susceptibility of these animals to the coronaviruses should be further verified by in vivo studies. To clarify the mechanism underlying the receptor utilization, we compared the amino acid sequences of the 20 ACE2s and found 5 amino acid residues potentially critical for ACE2 utilization, including the N-terminal 20th and 42nd amino acid residues that might determine the different receptor utilization of SARS-CoV, SARS-CoV-2 and pangolin-CoV. Our studies enhance the understanding of receptor utilization of pandemic coronaviruses, potentially contributing to the virus tracing, intermediate host screening and epidemic prevention for pathogenic coronaviruses.


Assuntos
Enzima de Conversão de Angiotensina 2/metabolismo , COVID-19/virologia , Especificidade de Hospedeiro , Vírus da SARS/fisiologia , SARS-CoV-2/fisiologia , Glicoproteína da Espícula de Coronavírus/fisiologia , Sequência de Aminoácidos , Enzima de Conversão de Angiotensina 2/genética , Animais , COVID-19/epidemiologia , Humanos , Pandemias , Internalização do Vírus
10.
Sci Rep ; 10(1): 16307, 2020 10 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33004915

RESUMO

Studies on the risk factors for intrahepatic cholestasis of pregnancy (ICP) in a population-based cohort are lacking. We assess the prevalence and risk factors of ICP in a Chinese population. In this study, a cohort study was conducted that included 12,200 eligible pregnant women. The overall incidence of ICP in this cohort was 6.06%. With increasing maternal age, the incidence of ICP decreased in women younger than 30 years of age but increased in those older than 30. With increasing pre-pregnancy BMI, the incidence of ICP decreased if the pre-pregnancy BMI was less than 23 kg/m2 but increased if it was 23 kg/m2 or higher. Further analysis showed that the risk of ICP increased when maternal age was < 25 years (Adjusted RR 2.01; 95% CI 1.64-2.47) or ≥ 35 years (Adjusted RR 1.34; 95% CI 1.02-1.76). Furthermore, an increased risk of ICP was associated with pre-pregnancy underweight (adjusted RR 1.27; 95% CI 1.04-1.56), inadequate gestational weight gain (GWG) (adjusted RR 1.58; 95% CI 1.28-1.96), lower maternal education (adjusted RR 2.96; 95% CI 2.35-3.74), multiparity (adjusted RR 1.54; 95% CI 1.23-1.93), and twin/multiple pregnancies (adjusted RR 2.12; 95% CI 1.25-3.58). Maternal age (< 25 or ≥ 35 years), underweight, inadequate GWG, lower maternal education, multiparity, and twin/multiple pregnancies were identified as risk factors of ICP.


Assuntos
Colestase Intra-Hepática/epidemiologia , Complicações na Gravidez/epidemiologia , Adulto , Índice de Massa Corporal , China/epidemiologia , Colestase Intra-Hepática/etiologia , Estudos de Coortes , Feminino , Ganho de Peso na Gestação , Humanos , Incidência , Idade Materna , Gravidez , Complicações na Gravidez/etiologia , Prevalência , Fatores de Risco , Adulto Jovem
11.
Virus Res ; 286: 198074, 2020 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32589897

RESUMO

The severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) is a novel human coronavirus causing the pandemic of severe pneumonia (Coronavirus Disease 2019, COVID-19). SARS-CoV-2 is highly pathogenic in human, having posed immeasurable public health challenges to the world. Innate immune response is critical for the host defense against viral infection and the dysregulation of the host innate immune responses probably aggravates SARS-CoV-2 infection, contributing to the high morbidity and lethality of COVID-19. It has been reported that some coronavirus proteins play an important role in modulating innate immunity of the host, but few studies have been conducted on SARS-CoV-2. In this study, we screened the viral proteins of SARS-CoV-2 and found that the viral ORF6, ORF8 and nucleocapsid proteins were potential inhibitors of type I interferon signaling pathway, a key component for antiviral response of host innate immune. All the three proteins showed strong inhibition on type I interferon (IFN-ß) and NF-κB-responsive promoter, further examination revealed that these proteins were able to inhibit the interferon-stimulated response element (ISRE) after infection with Sendai virus, while only ORF6 and ORF8 proteins were able to inhibit the ISRE after treatment with interferon beta. These findings would be helpful for the further study of the detailed signaling pathway and unveil the key molecular player that may be targeted.


Assuntos
Betacoronavirus/genética , Interações Hospedeiro-Patógeno/genética , Interferon beta/genética , NF-kappa B/genética , Proteínas do Nucleocapsídeo/genética , Proteínas Virais/genética , Betacoronavirus/imunologia , Proteínas do Nucleocapsídeo de Coronavírus , Regulação da Expressão Gênica , Genes Reporter , Células HEK293 , Interações Hospedeiro-Patógeno/imunologia , Humanos , Imunidade Inata , Vírus da Influenza A Subtipo H1N1/genética , Vírus da Influenza A Subtipo H1N1/imunologia , Interferon beta/imunologia , Luciferases/genética , Luciferases/metabolismo , NF-kappa B/imunologia , Proteínas do Nucleocapsídeo/imunologia , Fosfoproteínas , Plasmídeos/química , Plasmídeos/metabolismo , Proteínas Recombinantes/genética , Proteínas Recombinantes/imunologia , Elementos de Resposta , SARS-CoV-2 , Vírus Sendai/genética , Vírus Sendai/imunologia , Transdução de Sinais , Transfecção/métodos , Proteínas Virais/imunologia
12.
Opt Lett ; 45(9): 2534-2537, 2020 May 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32356809

RESUMO

We demonstrate the rapid photodarkening (PD) phenomenon in Tm-doped fiber (TDF) core pumped by a laser at 1080 nm and the bleaching effect of deuterium (${{\rm D}_2}$D2) on PD TDF. By ${{\rm D}_2}$D2 loading for seven days, the PD-induced excess loss (PIEL) in the visible (VIS) and near-infrared (NIR) region have been largely eliminated, and no degradation was observed within 30 days. PD resistance of the ${{\rm D}_2}$D2 pretreated TDF has been investigated as well. The formation of color centers based on defects and precursors in the silica matrix and the mechanism of ${{\rm D}_2}$D2 bleaching are discussed.

13.
Virol Sin ; 35(5): 528-537, 2020 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32236817

RESUMO

Porcine adenoviruses (PAdVs) are classified into three species, PAdV-A, PAdV-B, and PAdV-C. The genomes of PAdV-A and PAdV-C have been well characterized. However, the genome of PAdV-B has never been completely sequenced, and the epidemiology of PAdV-B remains unclear. In our study, we have identified a novel strain of PAdV-B, named PAdV-B-HNU1, in porcine samples collected in China by viral metagenomic assay and general PCR. The genome of PAdV-B-HNU1 is 31,743 bp in length and highly similar to that of California sea lion adenovirus 1 (C. sea lion AdV-1), which contains typical mastadenoviral structures and some unique regions at the carboxy-terminal end. Especially, PAdV-B-HNU1 harbors a dUTPase coding region not clustering with other mastadenoviruses except for C. sea lion AdV-1 and a fiber coding region homologous with galectin 4 and 9 of animals. However, the variance of GC contents between PAdV-B-HNU1 (55%) and C. sea lion AdV-1 (36%) indicates their differential evolutionary paths. Further epidemiologic study revealed a high positive rate (51.7%) of PAdV-B-HNU1 in porcine lymph samples, but low positive rates of 10.2% and 16.1% in oral swabs and rectal swabs, respectively. In conclusion, this study characterized a novel representative genome of a lymphotropic PAdV-B with unique evolutionary origin, which contributes to the taxonomical and pathogenic studies of PAdVs.


Assuntos
Adenovirus Suínos , Mastadenovirus , Adenovirus Suínos/genética , Animais , Sequência de Bases , China , Genoma Viral , Mastadenovirus/genética , Fases de Leitura Aberta , Suínos
15.
Microbes Infect ; 22(4-5): 221-225, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32199943

RESUMO

SARS-CoV-2, the newly identified human coronavirus causing severe pneumonia pandemic, was probably originated from Chinese horseshoe bats. However, direct transmission of the virus from bats to humans is unlikely due to lack of direct contact, implying the existence of unknown intermediate hosts. Angiotensin converting enzyme 2 (ACE2) is the receptor of SARS-CoV-2, but only ACE2s of certain species can be utilized by SARS-CoV-2. Here, we evaluated and ranked the receptor-utilizing capability of ACE2s from various species by phylogenetic clustering and sequence alignment with the currently known ACE2s utilized by SARS-CoV-2. As a result, we predicted that SARS-CoV-2 tends to utilize ACE2s of various mammals, except murines, and some birds, such as pigeon. This prediction may help to screen the intermediate hosts of SARS-CoV-2.


Assuntos
Betacoronavirus/metabolismo , Aves/metabolismo , Infecções por Coronavirus/virologia , Mamíferos/metabolismo , Peptidil Dipeptidase A/genética , Pneumonia Viral/virologia , Sequência de Aminoácidos , Enzima de Conversão de Angiotensina 2 , Animais , COVID-19 , Humanos , Pandemias , Filogenia , Conformação Proteica , SARS-CoV-2 , Especificidade da Espécie
16.
Microbes Infect ; 22(2): 80-85, 2020 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32087334

RESUMO

At the end of December 2019, a novel coronavirus, 2019-nCoV, caused an outbreak of pneumonia spreading from Wuhan, Hubei province, to the whole country of China, which has posed great threats to public health and attracted enormous attention around the world. To date, there are no clinically approved vaccines or antiviral drugs available for these human coronavirus infections. Intensive research on the novel emerging human infectious coronaviruses is urgently needed to elucidate their route of transmission and pathogenic mechanisms, and to identify potential drug targets, which would promote the development of effective preventive and therapeutic countermeasures. Herein, we describe the epidemic and etiological characteristics of 2019-nCoV, discuss its essential biological features, including tropism and receptor usage, summarize approaches for disease prevention and treatment, and speculate on the transmission route of 2019-nCoV.


Assuntos
Betacoronavirus/patogenicidade , Doenças Transmissíveis Emergentes/epidemiologia , Infecções por Coronavirus/epidemiologia , Pneumonia Viral/epidemiologia , Antivirais/uso terapêutico , Betacoronavirus/genética , COVID-19 , China/epidemiologia , Doenças Transmissíveis Emergentes/virologia , Infecções por Coronavirus/prevenção & controle , Infecções por Coronavirus/terapia , Infecções por Coronavirus/transmissão , Epidemias , Genoma Viral , Humanos , Filogenia , Pneumonia Viral/prevenção & controle , Pneumonia Viral/terapia , Pneumonia Viral/transmissão , Receptores Virais , SARS-CoV-2 , Tropismo Viral
17.
Virol J ; 16(1): 35, 2019 03 18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30885224

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Papillomaviruses (PVs) and polyomaviruses (PyVs) infect diverse vertebrates including human and cause a broad spectrum of outcomes from asymptomatic infection to severe disease. There has been no PV and only one PyV detected in tree shrews, though the genomic properties of tree shrews are highly similar to those of the primates. METHODS: Swab and organ samples of tree shrews collected in the Yunnan Province of China, were tested by viral metagenomic analysis and random PCR to detect the presence of PVs and PyVs. By PCR amplification using specific primers, cloning, sequencing and assembling, genomes of two PVs and one PyV were identified in the samples. RESULTS: Two novel PVs and a novel PyV, named tree shrew papillomavirus 1 and 2 (TbelPV1 and TbelPV2) and polyomavirus 1 (TbelPyV1) were characterized in the Chinese tree shrew (Tupaia belangeri chinensis). The genomes of TbelPV1, TbelPV2, and TbelPyV1 are 7410 bp, 7526 bp, and 4982 bp in size, respectively. The TbelPV1 genome contains 7 putative open-reading frames (ORFs) coding for viral proteins E1, E2, E4, E6, E7, L1, and L2; the TbelPV2 genome contains 6 ORFs coding for viral proteins E1, E2, E6, E7, L1, and L2; and the TbelPyV1 genome codes for the typical small and large T antigens of PyV, as well as the VP1, VP2, and VP3 capsid proteins. Genomic comparison and phylogenetic analysis indicated that TbelPV1 and TbelPV2 represented 2 novel PV genera of Papillomaviridae, and TbelPyV1 represented a new species of genus Alphapolyomavirus. Our epidemiologic study indicated that TbelPV1 and TbelPV2 were both detected in oral swabs, while TbelPyV1 was detected in oral swabs and spleens. CONCLUSION: Two novel PVs (TbelPV1 and TbelPV2) and a novel PyV (TbelPyV) were discovered in tree shrews and their genomes were characterized. TbelPV1, TbelPV2, and TbelPyV1 have the highest similarity to Human papillomavirus type 63, Ursus maritimus papillomavirus 1, and Human polyomavirus 9, respectively. TbelPV1 and TbelPV2 only showed oral tropism, while TbelPyV1 showed oral and spleen tropism.


Assuntos
Genoma Viral , Papillomaviridae/genética , Polyomavirus/genética , Tupaia/virologia , Animais , China , Genômica , Metagenômica , Boca/virologia , Fases de Leitura Aberta , Filogenia , Reação em Cadeia da Polimerase , Baço/virologia , Proteínas Virais/genética , Tropismo Viral
18.
Opt Express ; 26(16): 20430-20441, 2018 Aug 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30119353

RESUMO

The laser performance of a high-power ytterbium-doped fiber amplifier is mainly hindered by the onset of mode instability. In this work, the slope efficiency and mode instability threshold of the ytterbium-doped fiber under various gamma-ray radiation doses have been measured. Experimental results reveal that gamma-ray radiation-induced photodarkening degrades mode instability severely, and gamma-ray radiation-induced mode instability degradation can be partly bleached by hours of pump-light injection. It is shown that gamma-ray radiation-induced photodarkening results in a steep reduction of slope efficiency and mode instability threshold; moreover, the entire irradiated fiber can be partly bleached by hours of pump-light injection and exhibits both time and gamma-ray radiation-dose saturation properties. The experimental results indicate that mode instability mitigation can be partly realized by pump-light injection and implies photodarkening suppression is beneficial for TMI mitigation, which is very promising for the advancement of high-power fiber lasers.

19.
Opt Lett ; 43(5): 1075-1078, 2018 Mar 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29489784

RESUMO

We demonstrate the almost complete 2 µm laser power recovery of the gamma-ray-irradiated thulium (Tm)-doped silica fiber under deuterium loading. The optical-optical slope efficiency and the cladding absorption spectra of the Tm-doped fiber with gamma-ray irradiation and deuterium treatment have been measured for comparison. It was found that the slope efficiency of the irradiated Tm-doped fiber could be recovered to 96.1% of the pristine after deuterium bleaching, which significantly degraded from 60.7% to 25.3% after irradiation. Meanwhile, the additional absorption attenuation of the irradiated Tm-doped with D2 treatment completely vanished. Based on the comprehensive comparison of cladding absorption spectra, the probable mechanism of the deuterium bleaching effect on irradiated Tm-doped fiber has also been discussed.

20.
Genome Announc ; 5(45)2017 Nov 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29122882

RESUMO

An avian infectious bronchitis virus (IBV) was detected from trachea swabs of chickens in Hubei province, China, in 2016. The complete genome of the IBV strain, CK/CH/HB/2016, was characterized and analyzed to better understand IBV epidemiology in China.

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