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Radiat Oncol ; 15(1): 78, 2020 Apr 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32276638


PURPOSE: The aim of this study was to characterize changes in hippocampal inflammasomes, pyroptosis and apoptosis in juvenile rats after brain irradiation and to assess whether manganese-enhanced magnetic resonance imaging (MEMRI) reflected those changes. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Four-week-old male Sprague-Dawley rats received a whole-brain radiation dose of 15 Gy or 25 Gy. Hippocampal inflammasomes and apoptosis were measured using Western blot analysis at 4 days and 8 weeks after irradiation. MEMRI and magnetic resonance spectroscopy (MRS) were performed at the same time points. RESULTS: Neither the 15 Gy nor 25 Gy group showed changes in the expression of inflammasome proteins absent in melanoma 2 (AIM2), gasdermin-D (GSDMD), nucleotide oligomerization domain-like receptor protein 1 (NLRP1) and NLRP3 at 4 days or 8 weeks after radiation injury (P > 0.05). Furthermore, the expression levels of the inflammatory cytokines interleukin-1ß (IL-1ß) and IL-18 were not significantly different among the groups (P > 0.05). The expression levels of cleaved caspase-1 and -3, indicators of apoptosis, were higher in the irradiation groups than in the control group at 4 days post irradiation, especially for caspase-3 (P < 0.05), but this increase was slightly attenuated at 8 weeks after radiation injury. Four days post irradiation, the MEMRI signal intensity (SI) in the irradiation groups, especially the 25 Gy group, was significantly lower than that in the control group (P < 0.05). Eight weeks after radiation injury, the SI of the 15 Gy group and the 25 Gy group recovered by different degrees, but the SI of the 25 Gy group was still significantly lower than that of the control group (P < 0.05). On day 4 post irradiation, the metabolic ratio of N-acetylaspartate (NAA) to creatine (Cr) in the 15 Gy group and 25 Gy group was significantly lower than that in the control group (P < 0.05). The NAA/Cr ratio in the 15 Gy group recovered to control levels at 8 weeks (P > 0.05), but the NAA/Cr ratio in the 25 Gy group remained significantly lower than that in the control group (P < 0.05). CONCLUSION: Radiation-induced brain injury is dose-dependently associated with apoptosis but not inflammasomes or pyroptosis, and the change in apoptosis can be detected by MEMRI.

Mol Cell Probes ; 50: 101502, 2020 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31891748


To explore the early predictors of post-operative recurrence and metastasis of rectal cancer, analyse the associated risk, and construct a model. Retrospective collection. Four hundred patients with rectal cancer underwent surgical resection and pathological diagnosis from September 2013 to September 2014. During the post-operative period, the patients were tested by imaging examination, serum tumour markers, and routine blood follow-up for at least 3 years. Preoperative CT examination of tumour size, lymphocyte-to-neutrophil ratio, and CEA were significant biomarkers for predicting recurrence and/or metastasis of post-operative rectal cancer. The stratified threshold of the lesion size cut-off point in CT images of patients with rectal cancer was 18.75 cm3, the cut-off point value of the lymphocyte-to-neutrophil ratio was 0.33, and the CEA cut-off point value was 16.97 ng/ml. We used the cut-off point to perform stratified survival analysis to obtain two K-M curves and conduct a log-rank test. The Cox multivariate risk regression results were as follows: preoperative CT images of lesion size, lymphocyte-to-neutrophil ratio, and CEA. The AUC of the normogram model for the prediction of post-operative recurrence and metastasis of rectal cancer is 0.939. Preoperative CT examination of tumour size can predict post-operative recurrence and metastasis of rectal cancer and can be used to analyse its risk. The lymphocyte-to-neutrophil ratio and CEA can also predict post-operative tumour recurrence and metastasis risk.

Chem Commun (Camb) ; 54(28): 3460-3463, 2018 Apr 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29560995


Nanoprobes are advantageous over small molecular probes in sensitivity but most luminescence molecules used to construct nanoprobes often suffer from an aggregation-caused quenching effect. Herein, we rationally designed a small molecular probe Cys(StBu)-Lys(Ru(bpy)32+)-CBT (1) which "smartly" self-assembled into nanoparticles 1-NPs inside cells with non-quenched, persistent phosphorescence. Employing this property, we successfully applied 1 for long-term sensing of biothiol activity in living HepG2 cells and tumors. We envision that, by modifying the amino group with an enzyme substrate, our probe 1 could be further developed for sensing intracellular enzyme activity with non-quenched, persistent phosphorescence.

Neoplasias Hepáticas/diagnóstico por imagem , Nanopartículas/química , Imagem Óptica , Compostos Organometálicos/química , Animais , Células Hep G2 , Humanos , Neoplasias Hepáticas Experimentais/diagnóstico por imagem , Camundongos , Camundongos Nus , Sondas Moleculares/química , Tamanho da Partícula , Propriedades de Superfície
J Am Chem Soc ; 139(3): 1041-1044, 2017 01 25.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28064496


Chemiluminescence (CL) has a higher signal-to-noise ratio than fluorescence, but the use of CL to track an enzyme-instructed self-assembly (EISA) process has not been reported. In this work, by coincubation of the hydrogelator precursor Fmoc-Phe-Phe-Tyr(H2PO3)-OH (1P) and the CL agent AMPPD (2) with alkaline phosphatase (ALP), we employed CL to directly characterize and image the simultaneous EISA process of 1P. Hydrogelation processes of 1P with and without 2 and the CL properties of 2 with and without 1P under ALP catalysis were systematically studied. The results indicated that 2 is an ideal CL indicator for ALP-triggered hydrogelation of 1P. Using an IVIS optical imaging system, we obtained time-course CL images of 2 to track the simultaneous hydrogelation process of 1P in the same solution. We envision that our CL method could be employed to track more biological EISA events in the near future.

Fosfatase Alcalina/metabolismo , Luminescência , Fosfatase Alcalina/química , Biocatálise , Géis/química , Géis/metabolismo , Cinética , Conformação Molecular , Imagem Óptica , Tamanho da Partícula
J Air Waste Manag Assoc ; 55(12): 1816-26, 2005 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-16408686


This paper analyzes the air quality impacts of coal-fired power plants in the northern passageway of the West-East Power Transmission Project in China. A three-layer Lagrangian model called ATMOS, was used to simulate the spatial distribution of incremental sulfur dioxide (SO2) and coarse particulate matter (PM10) concentrations under different emission control scenarios. In the year 2005, the emissions from planned power plants mainly affected the air quality of Shanxi, Shaanxi, the common boundary of Inner Mongolia and Shanxi, and the area around the boundary between Inner Mongolia and Ningxia. In these areas, the annually averaged incremental SO2 and PM10 concentrations exceed 2 and 2.5 microg/m3, respectively. The maximum increases of the annually averaged SO2 and PM10 concentrations are 8.3 and 7.2 microg/m3, respectively, which occur around Hancheng city, near the boundary of the Shaanxi and Shanxi provinces. After integrated control measures are considered, the maximum increases of annually averaged SO2 and PM10 concentrations fall to 4.9 and 4 microg/m3, respectively. In the year 2010, the areas affected by planned power plants are mainly North Shaanxi, North Ningxia, and Northwest Shanxi. The maximum increases of the annually averaged SO2 and PM10, concentrations are, respectively, 6.3 and 5.6 microg/m3, occurring in Northwest Shanxi, which decline to 4.4 and 4.1 microg/m3 after the control measures are implemented. The results showed that the proposed power plants mainly affect the air quality of the region where the power plants are built, with little impact on East China where the electricity will be used. The influences of planned power plants on air quality will be decreased greatly by implementing integrated control measures.

Poluentes Atmosféricos , Carvão Mineral , Poeira , Centrais Elétricas , Dióxido de Enxofre , Poluentes Atmosféricos/análise , Poluição do Ar/prevenção & controle , China , Previsões , Modelos Teóricos , Dióxido de Enxofre/análise