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1.
Brain Stimul ; 13(1): 109-116, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31606448

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Transcranial direct current stimulation (tDCS) has been explored in epilepsy with limited samples, varied parameters, and inconclusive results. We aimed to study the efficacy of tDCS for patients with refractory focal epilepsy. METHOD: We conducted a randomized, double-blind, sham-controlled, and three-arm (Group 1 (sham), Group 2 (20-min), and Group 3 (2 × 20-min)) tDCS parallel multicenter study. The primary outcome measurement was seizure frequencies (SFs). The study consisted of 28-days baseline, 14-days treatment, and 56-days follow-up. The cathode was placed over the epileptogenic focus, and the current intensity was 2 mA. The generalized estimating equations model, one-way analysis of variance, chi-square and Kruskal-Wallis test were used for analysis. RESULTS: Of the 82 enrolled patients, 70 patients were included for final analysis (Group 1, n = 21; Group 2, n = 24; and Group 3, n = 25). There was a significant reduction in SFs for both active tDCS groups compared with the sham group. Patients in Group 2 showed a significantly 50.73-21.91% greater reduction in SFs that lasted for 4 weeks (p = 0.008-0.060). Patients in Group 3 showed a significantly 63.19-49.79% greater reduction in SFs compared with the sham group that lasted for 5 weeks (p = 0.011-0.045). Patients in Group 3 had a 64.98-66.32% greater reduction in SFs at W9-W10, when compared with Group 2 (p = 0.021-0.022). CONCLUSION: Fourteen consecutive days tDCS significantly decreased SFs in patients with refractory focal epilepsy, with 2 × 20-min daily stimulation protocol being superior to 20-min daily stimulation protocol.

2.
J Pharm Biomed Anal ; 177: 112855, 2020 Jan 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31561061

RESUMO

FSH plays a key role in the function of the reproductive system of human beings and is widely used both diagnostically and therapeutically in reproductive medicine. With the growing incidence of infertility, the demand for FSH pharmaceutical products is increasing. For this reason, the quality control process for FSH products is becoming more stringent. An accurate determination of bioactivity is crucial for the safety and efficacy of recombinant human follicle stimulating hormone (rhFSH). Up to now, in-vivo bioassay based on FSH-induced increases in rat ovarian weight has been the only method widely accepted by different pharmacopoeias. However this method has such drawbacks as the complex procedures, long assay period and high variability. Here, we established a reporter gene assay (RGA) based on the CHO-K1-FSHR-CRE-Luc cell line that stably expresses human follicle stimulating hormone receptor (hFSHR), as well as a luciferase reporter under the control of cyclic adenosine monophosphate (cAMP) response elements (CRES). Our study showed that our new assay not only has good dose-dependent responsiveness to rhFSH, but it also performs excellently in terms of specificity, precision, linearity, and simplicity compared with in-vivo rat bioassays. These results implied that this robust reporter gene assay may be a viable supplement to the animal in-vivo bioassay and may be employed in potency determination of rhFSH pharmaceutical products.

3.
Food Chem ; 307: 125531, 2020 Mar 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31644979

RESUMO

In the present study, submicrometer flow-through silica microspheres (Sub-FTSiO2) was for the first time obtained via a suspension polymerization method coupled with sol-gel transition and phase separation. The Sub-FTSiO2 was characteristic of rich mesopores, penetrable macropores and small particle size, which would be beneficial to fast mass transfer, low column backpressure and high column efficiency. It was directly used as the hydrophilic interaction liquid chromatographic (HILIC) stationary phase, and the fast separation of seven water-soluble vitamins in 2.2 min was realized. The proposed method was successfully applied to the determination of water-soluble vitamins in two functional beverages on the market. The prepared Sub-FTSiO2 was well demonstrated for fast HILIC, and would be potential as the stationary phase matrix for fast liquid chromatography in diverse separation modes.

4.
Biomed Pharmacother ; 121: 109355, 2020 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31683179

RESUMO

Pancreatic cancer is one of the most severe types of tumors, with a 5-year survival rate of less than 7%. The prognosis and treatment of pancreatic cancer are largely limited by the extent of tumor invasion and the presence of lymph node and distant metastases. Therefore, exploring the biological behavior of pancreatic cancer cells (PCCs) is extremely important for the understanding, diagnosis, and treatment of pancreatic cancer. Current studies have shown that pancreatic stellate cells (PSCs) regulate the biological behavior of PCCs, such as their proliferation, apoptosis, invasion, and migration, by remodeling the extracellular matrix. Though Hic-5 is an important gene in PSCs, no study has investigated the regulation of PCCs by Hic-5. Here, we demonstrate that Hic-5 expression is upregulated in pancreatic cancer and that siRNA transfection can effectively inhibit Hic-5 expression. Compared to the control group, Hic-5 inhibition significantly reduced proliferation, increased apoptosis, and reduced invasion and migration of PCCs. Moreover, the inhibition of Hic-5 expression simultaneously reduced matrix metalloproteinase-9 (MMP-9) expression. Statistical analysis revealed that Hic-5 expression was higher among the pancreatic cancer group than among the normal group and was negatively correlated with postoperative survival time among patients with pancreatic cancer. These results have important clinical significance for further exploring the molecular mechanism involved in Hic-5-mediated invasion and metastasis of pancreatic cancer and ameliorating the prognosis of patients with pancreatic cancer.

5.
Biomed Pharmacother ; 121: 109600, 2020 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31707352

RESUMO

ETHNOPHARMACOLOGICAL RELEVANCE: UVB is a high energy source that causes the major risk factor for sunburn and skin tumor. However, photochemical interactions lead to beneficial effects such as synthesis of vitamin D and corticosteroids. Therefore, a reasonable therapeutic regime is advocated to reduce UVB injuries but makes use of synthesizing sunlight metabolite. Many natural compounds improving plant cells resistant to oxidative stress by the harnessing of solar energy may be also used to protect human cells. Although many nature plants have shown photoprotective effects on skin, the mechanisms underlying of the effects are still ambiguous. AIM OF THE STUDY: This study evaluates the protective effects of cultivated Cordyceps against UVB-induced damage in human keratinocytes and identifies the photoprotective mechanisms using a transcriptomic network approach. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Cordyceps extract compositions were investigated by HPLC analysis. Cell survival, reactive oxygen species (ROS) generation, H2O2 content, aquaporin 3 (AQP3) level and DNA damage were determined upon UVB irradiation in the presence of Cordyceps extract. In addition, next-generation sequencing was used to profile transcriptomic alteration of 20 mJ/cm2 UVB and non-UV. Finally, a network pharmacology method was applied to study Cordyceps extract-related natural compounds and their UVB-induced differentially change targets using the Cytoscape 3.7.1 software. RESULTS: Adenosine and mannitol were the major contents in Cordyceps extract. Cordyceps caused a significant diminished in intracellular UVB-induced oxidative stress, including ROS production and intracellular H2O2 content. Besides, AQP3 which mediated intracellular signal transmission and transported H2O2 into cells was significantly increased in the presence of Cordyceps extract against UVB irradiation. In addition, DNA repair effect of Cordyceps extract after UV irradiation was proven to be effective by comet assay. Moreover, KEGG analysis showed steroid hormone biosynthesis, ovarian steroidogenesis, fat digestion and absorption were enriched in top 3 between 20 mJ/cm2 UVB and non-UV. Gene ontology (Go) analysis showed that steroid metabolic process, sterol metabolic process, and cholesterol metabolic process were enriched in top3 biology process. By using network analysis, 125 potential bioactive ingredients in Cordyceps and 201 targets were identified. Finally, signal pathway analyses suggested that the protective effects of Cordyceps compounds against low dose UVB­induced changes might target PPAR signaling pathway, cholesterol metabolism, and ovarian steroidogenesis. CONCLUSION: Cordyceps extract may be an ideal product for external use of skin which could not only avoid UVB-induced adverse effects, but also could application of metabolite products by UVB such us steroid hormone and vitamin D3.

6.
J Cell Biochem ; 121(1): 70-80, 2020 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31074095

RESUMO

Numbers of emerging evidence suggest that variable microRNA (miRNA) expression facilitates the aging process. In this study, we distinguished aberrant miRNA expression in aged skin and explored the biological functions and potential mechanism of upregulated miR-302b-3p. At first, miRNA microarray analysis was examined to explore miRNA expression profiling in the skin of aging mice model by D-galactose (d-gal) injection. We identified 29 aberrant miRNAs in aged mice skin. Next, KEGG enrichment analysis was conducted with DIANA-miPath v3.0, which was revealed that enrichment pathways involved in such processes as extracellular matrix-receptor interaction, MAPK signaling pathway, and mammalian target of rapamycin (mTOR) signaling pathway. The target genes of deregulated miRNAs were predicted from four bioinformatic algorithms (miRDB, Targetscan, miRwalk, and Tarbase). The interaction network of miRNAs and their targets were visualized using Cytoscape software. As a result, we found that some hub genes (including JNK2, AKT1/2/3, PAK7, TRPS1, BCL2L11, and IKZF2) were targeted by 12 potential miRNAs (including miR-302b-3p, miR-291a-5p, miR-139-3p, miR-467c-3p, miR-186-3p, etc.). Subsequently, we identified five upregulated miRNA via quantitative polymerase chain reaction and all of them were confirmed increased significantly in aged skin tissues compared with young control tissues. Among them, high expression of miR-302b-3p was verified in both aged skin tissues and senescence fibroblasts. Furthermore, miR-302b-3p mimic accelerated skin fibroblast senescence and suppressed the longevity-associated gene Sirtuin 1(Sirt1) expression, whereas miR-302b-3p inhibitor could delay skin fibroblast senescence and contribute Sirt1 expression. In addition, we demonstrated that c-Jun N-terminal kinase 2(JNK2) is a direct target of miR-302b-3p by a luciferase reporter assay. An inverse correlation was verified in fibroblasts between miR-302b-3p and JNK2. Most importantly, siRNA JNK2 confirmed that low expression of JNK2 could accelerate fibroblasts senescence. In conclusion, our results indicated that overexpressed miR-302b-3p plays an important biological role in accelerating skin aging process via directly targeting JNK2 gene.

7.
Mater Sci Eng C Mater Biol Appl ; 107: 110266, 2020 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31761238

RESUMO

The purpose of this study was to facilely develop biomimetic amino modified mesoporous silica xerogel (AMSX) and study how AMSX regulated loading and in vitro sustained delivery of carboxyl-containing drug levorotary ofloxacin (LOFL). Characteristics of AMSX, including morphology, porous structure, elements and crystalline state were investigated and pharmaceutical performance of AMSX for the delivery of LOFL was studied. The result showed that AMSX was accumulational spherical nanoparticles with mesoporous structure. Hydrogen bonding force was formed between carboxylic groups of LOFL and amino groups grafted on the surface of AMSX. Furthermore, a three-level three-factorial Box-Behnken experimental design was applied to optimize the amount of major agent for synthesizing AMSX with expected drug loading capacity and also to figure out how AMSX regulated in vitro delivery of LOFL. It is believed that the present work will provide novel insights for designing mesoporous silica as drug carrier and favored the development of sustained release system.

8.
Phytochemistry ; 169: 112161, 2020 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31600653

RESUMO

A phytochemical investigation on the MeOH extract of the twigs and needles of the endangered plant Picea brachytyla led to the isolation and characterization of thirty-eight structurally diverse terpenoids. Seven of these molecules are previously undescribed, including three abietane-type (brachytylins A-C) and one labdane-type (brachytylin D) diterpenoids, an unseparated C-24 epimeric mixture of cycloartane-type triterpenoids (brachytylins E/F, ratio: 1:1), and a rare rearranged 12(1 → 6)-abeo-megastigmane glycoside (brachytylins G). Their structures and absolute configurations were determined by extensive spectroscopic (e.g., detailed 2D NMR and ECD) methods and/or X-ray diffraction analyses. All the isolates were evaluated for their inhibitory activities against the adenosine triphosphate (ATP)-citrate lyase (ACL) and the Src homology-2 domain containing protein tyrosine phosphatase-2 (SHP2). Among them, abiesadine J showed inhibitory effect against ACL, displaying an IC50 value of 17 µM. 3S,23R-Dihydroxycycloart-24-en-26-oic acid exhibited inhibitory effect on SHP2, with an IC50 value of 19 µM. Meanwhile, 3R*,23S*-dihydroxycycloart-24-en-26-oic acid was found to have inhibitory effects against both ACL and SHP2, with IC50 values of 16 and 12 µM, respectively.

9.
Phytochemistry ; 169: 112184, 2020 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31678787

RESUMO

An extensive phytochemical investigation on the chemical constituents from the needles and twigs of the vulnerable conifer Pseudotsuga sinensis yielded 19 diterpenoids and 21 sesquiterpenoids with various carbocyclic skeletons. Among them, 13 (named pseudosinins A-M, resp.) were undescribed compounds. Their structures with absolute configurations were characterized by a combination of spectroscopic methods, calculated and experimental electronic circular dichroism (ECD) data, quantum chemical calculations of the chemical shifts, and single crystal X-ray diffraction analyses. In particular, an array of labdane-derived norditerpenoids with C19-, C18-, and C16-skeletons, and related drimane-type sesquitepenoids with C15- and C13-skeletons were found in the title plant. The possible biogenetic relationships of these degraded terpenoids were briefly discussed. Among the isolates, pseudosinin D, cis-communic acid, and 4ß,15-dihydroxy-19-norabieta-8,11,13-trien-7-one showed moderate inhibitory activities against the enzyme ATP-citrate lyase (ACL), a potential drug target for the treatment of hyperlipidemia and hypercholesterolemia.

10.
Chemosphere ; 240: 124965, 2020 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31726610

RESUMO

To investigate the effects of spatial expansion between native invasive species (Phragmites australis) and commom native species (Cyperus malaccensis) on variations of micro-elements (Pb, Cr, Cu, Zn, Ni, Cd and As) in decomposing litters in the Min River estuary, in situ filed decomposition experiment was conducted in P. australis (PA) community (before expansion, BE), C. malaccensis (CM) community (before expansion, BE) and P. australis-C. malaccensis (PA'-CM') community (during expansion, DE) from February 2016 to February 2017 by space-for- time substitution method. Results showed that the decomposition of C. malaccensis were faster than those of P. australis whether at BE stage or at DE stage. The decomposition rate of PA' increased by 24.40% compared to PA whereas the value of CM' decreased by 15.67% compared with CM. The concentrations of Pb, Cu, Zn, Ni, Cd and As in decomposing litters of P. australis (PA and PA') and C. malaccensis (CM and CM') generally showed increasing tendency and the values in the former were significantly lower than those in the latter (p < 0.05). The physicochemical sorption onto recalcitrant organic fractions and the substrate quality (C/N and M/C ratios) of decomposing litters were two important factors affecting the differences in As/metals variations between species. The levels of Cr in decaying litters increased initially and decreased afterward, and the values in P. australis were significantly higher than those in C. malaccensis (p < 0.05). Whether at BE stage or at DE stage, stocks of As/metals in decomposing litters of P. australis (PA and PA') were generally higher than those of C. malaccensis (CM and CM'). The lower stocks of As/metals in CM or CM' might be more dependent on its lower mass remaining. Compared with PA at BE stage, the accumulation of As/metals in decomposing litters of PA' at DE stage decreased greatly, which might be ascribed to the lower precipitation of metal sulfides in PA'. Stocks of Zn, Ni, Cd and Cr in CM' and stocks of Cr in PA' generally evidenced the export of metals from decomposing litter to environment, indicating that the potential exposure risk of Zn, Ni, Cd and Cr might be increased as CM was invading by PA. This study found that the spatial expansion between P. australis and C. malaccensis not only altered the stocks of As/metals in decomposing litters but also increased the exposure risk of Zn, Ni, Cd and Cr in ecotone. In future, as the ecological functions of ecotone was precisely evaluated during the expansion of the two plants in the Min River estuary, the alterations of litter decomposition rates and the exposure risks of Zn, Ni and Cd caused by CM' should be emphasized.

11.
Hematol Oncol Clin North Am ; 34(1): 13-28, 2020 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31739940

RESUMO

The 2016 World Health Organization classification of central nervous system (CNS) tumors underwent significant restructuring and for the first time gliomas are classified according to both molecular and histologic parameters which guides glioma management. Radiation for intermediate-risk meningiomas improves the progression-free survival from historical controls, and studies are ongoing for atypical meningiomas. For brain metastases, use of stereotactic radiosurgery for a higher number of lesions has become clinical practice. Additionally, hippocampal-sparing whole brain radiation shows promise in preserving neuro-cognitive function. This article summarizes the evolving role of radiation therapy in the management of malignant CNS neoplasms.

12.
Cell Signal ; 65: 109419, 2020 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31526829

RESUMO

Cancer cells with stem cell properties have been acknowledged to be responsible for cancer initiation and progression. Wnt/ß-catenin signalling is a major signal pathway promoting the stemness of cancer cells. Anterior gradient 3 (AGR3), a member of the protein disulfide isomerase (PDI) family, was found to be overexpressed in several cancers. However, the roles and mechanisms of AGR3 in colorectal cancer (CRC) have not been previously described. In our study, we find that AGR3 is highly expressed in CRC and associated with poor prognosis. Functional studies show that AGR3 promotes the stemness of CRC cells. Mechanically, AGR3 activates Wnt/ß-catenin signalling and promotes the nuclear translocation of ß-catenin to upregulate stemness related genes. Wnt/ß-catenin signalling inhibition counteracts the promoting effect of AGR3 on cancer stemness. Moreover, the effect of AGR3 on Wnt/ß-catenin signalling and cancer stemness depends on the presence of frizzled 4 (FZD4). Thus, our study first uncovers the stemness-promoting role and the oncogenic mechanism of AGR3 in CRC, which might provide a novel target for designing anti-CRC strategies.

13.
J Nanosci Nanotechnol ; 20(2): 1109-1117, 2020 Feb 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31383111

RESUMO

In recent years, the primary greenhouse gas (carbon dioxide) has caused a series of severe issues, such as global warming, climate change, etc. Therefore, CCU, CCS and CCUS technologies have been employed to reduce CO2 emissions. Through our developed "chemical vapor deposition integrated process (CVD-IP)" using carbon dioxide as the carbon source, CO2 could be catalytically activated and converted to high-value carbon nanotubes. In this work, methane and carbon dioxide has been applied to synthesize CNTs respectively to compare the difference between conventional CH4 CVD and CO2 CVD-IP technology using Ni-Mo bimetallic catalysts. In the conventional CH4 CVD technology, the carbon productivity and the thermal stability of CNTs could be improved by changing the Mo content of the catalyst, the better catalytic performance 4% Mo catalyst is selected as model catalyst to apply to CO2 CVD-IP technology. Moreover, when the weak oxidant CO2 is the only carbon source in the CVD-IP technology, the carbon yield is 22% and the carbon productivity is 1.98 g/gcat. TG curves and Raman spectroscopy display that the CNTs with better thermal stability and higher degree of graphitization are achieved. TEM confirms that the fewer wall numbers and defects of CNTs are obtained. These characterizations suggest that the high quality CNTs could be achieved by CO2 CVD-IP technology.

14.
Carbohydr Polym ; 227: 115335, 2020 Jan 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31590851

RESUMO

Thiolated chitosan (CS-NAC) was synthesized and the selected CS-NAC was used together with silk fibroin (SF) to produce dual network CS-NAC/SF hydrogels. The CS-NAC/SF solutions with formulated compositions were able to form hydrogels at physiological temperature and pH. Rheological measurements showed that elastic modulus of some CS-NAC/SF gels could reach around 3 kPa or higher and was much higher than their respective viscous modulus, indicating that they behaved like strong gels. Deformation measurements verified that CS-NAC/SF gels had well-defined elasticity. The optimized CS-NAC/SF gels exhibited jointly enhanced properties in terms of strength, stiffness and elasticity when compared to the gels resulted from either CS-NAC or SF. Examinations of dry CS-NAC/SF gels revealed that they were highly porous with well-interconnected pore features. Cell culture demonstrated that CS-NAC/SF gels supported the growth of chondrocytes while effectively maintaining their phenotype. Results suggest that these dual network gels have promising potential in cartilage repair.

15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31499128

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The pathogenesis of major depressive disorder (MDD) is complicated and equivocal. Previous studies have found an incidence of abnormal changes of neural networks, with plentiful evidence pointing the finger of suspicion firmly at the default mode network (DMN) and cortico-limbic networks. The aim of the present study was to use the approach of functional connectivity strength (FCS) to directly investigate the features of spontaneous brain activity in the case of first-episode, drug-naïve adult patients with MDD at rest. METHODS: Resting-state functional magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) scans were performed on 23 first-episode drug-naïve major depressive disorder (MDD) patients and 20 healthy controls (HCs). In this study, using graph-theory approaches(FCS), we computed the characteristics of brain connectivity. Simultaneously, we used a series of validated test procedures to evaluate the patients' cognitive function. Subsequently, the results were compared with the peak of FCS value and a correlation analysis was conducted. RESULTS: Compared with the HCs group, MDD patients showed significantly decreased FCS in bilateral posterior cingulate cortex (PCC)/precuneus and bilateral prefrontal cortex(PFC) and increased FCS in right posterior central gyrus, left thalamus and left temporal lobe. These brain regions belongs to the default-mode network and cortico-limbic networks. Finally, the correlation analyses showed the negative correlation of the FCS values in the left posterior cingulate cortex (PCC)/precuneus and Hamilton Anxiety Rating Scale (HAMA, r = -0.472, p = .023), Stroop Color Word Test-A(SCWT-A, r = -0.451, p = .031), Stroop Color Word Test-B(SCWT-B, r = -0.588, p = .003).Meanwhile, there was negative correlation between the FCS values in the left thalamus and SCWT-A(r = -0.473, p = .023), SCWT-B(r = -0.465, p = .025), SCWTC(r = -0.524, p = .010).In addition, the FCS values in the right PCC has negative correlation with Montgomery Asberg Depression Rating Scale (MADRS) (r = -0.433, p = .039). CONCLUSIONS: DMN is an important node of MDD. FCS within the default mode network and cortico-limbic networks in patients with major depressive disorder has been changed in the early stage of MDD. FCS can provide favourable and additional evidence in the investigation of brain pathophysiology and therapy in depression.

16.
J Colloid Interface Sci ; 559: 13-20, 2020 Feb 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31606523

RESUMO

Severe "Shuttle effect" and uncontrollable lithium-dendrite growth are ongoing challenges that hinder the practical application of Lithium-sulfur (Li-S) batteries. Herein, a bifunctional separator was modified by Al2O3 and carbon nanotubes (CNTs) via a facile method. Li-S battery assembled with the modified separator shows excellent cycling stability (760.4 mA h g-1 at 0.2 C after 100 cycles) and promising rate performance. The reason is ascribed to synergistic effect of CNTs and Al2O3 double coating layers, the strong physicochemical interaction between Al2O3 and the polysulfides could alleviate the shuttle effect, and the high conductivity of CNTs can facilitate the reaction kinetics of sulfur and its corresponding discharge products, respectively, which can improve the utilization ratio of sulfur. In addition, the double protection layers improve the hardness of the separator, as well as regulate Li+ ion deposition, which can effectively prevent the formation of lithium dendrites, thus the safety of the batteries are significant improved.

17.
J Cell Physiol ; 235(2): 932-943, 2020 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31236965

RESUMO

Histone demethylase KDM7A regulates neuronal differentiation and development in mammals. In this study, we found that KDM7A was also required for breast cancer stem cells (BCSCs) maintenance. Silencing KDM7A significantly reduced the BCSCs population and mamosphere formation in vitro, and inhibited breast tumor growth in vivo. Restoring KDM7A expression rescued the defect in stem cell maintenance. Our mechanism analysis suggested that KDM7A upregulated the stemness-associated factors KLF4 and c-MYC for BCSCs maintenance. In addition, KDM7A knockdown promoted apoptosis through decreasing BCL2 expression and BAD phosphorylation in breast cancer (BrCa). Furthermore, restoring KDM7A and BCL2 expression rescued apoptosis inhibition in breast cancer, suggesting that KDM7A inhibited apoptosis by upregulating the BCL2 level in breast cancer. In conclusion, KDM7A promotes cancer stem cell maintenance and apoptosis inhibition in breast cancer.

18.
J Nanosci Nanotechnol ; 20(4): 2567-2572, 2020 Apr 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31492277

RESUMO

The crystal types of nanoparticles (NPs) are governed by many factors, such as temperature, pH, solvents, surface ligands, etc. In this work, ß-HgS and α-HgS NPs coated with captopril (Cap) have been synthesized conveniently in the same raw materials and similar methods just with different temperature at 4 °C and 50 °C, respectively. More interestingly, phase transition of HgS NPs from ß-crystal (cubic crystal) to α-crystal (hexagonal crystal) via rising temperature from 4 to 50 °C was confirmed by X-ray powder diffraction (XRD) and transmission electron microscopy (TEM). The size of α-HgS NPs grew to 6.7±1.3 nm in the process of phase transition, which was about twice of ß-HgS NPs (3.5±1.0 nm). Furthermore, compared with the obvious absorption peak of ß-HgS NPs at 688 nm, the absorption peak of α-HgS NPs had a giant blue-shifted to 470 nm in Ultraviolet and visible (UV-vis) spectra. In addition, the ß-HgS NPs had a fluorescence emission at 900 nm differing from α-HgS NPs without emission. The α-HgS NPs had three peaks at 215 nm, 251 nm and 318 nm, while the ß-HgS NPs had only a distinct peak at 215 nm in circular dichroism (CD) spectra. These results provide a novel insight for the controlling preparation of different crystal types of nanoparticles.

19.
J Nanosci Nanotechnol ; 20(4): 2578-2583, 2020 Apr 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31492279

RESUMO

Quaternary colloidal CuIn0.7Ga0.3S2 nanocrystals were synthesized by hot injection method using oleylamine as single solvent. The structure, morphology and optical absorption properties of assynthesized CuIn0.7Ga0.3S2 nanocrystals were characterized in detail using X-ray powder diffraction, transmission electron microscopy and UV-vis spectrometry. The as-fabricated CIGSSe thin film was obtained by spin-casting as-synthesized colloidal CuIn0.7Ga0.3S2 nanocrystals after selenization. The classical pn heterojunction CIGSSe/CdS thin film solar cells displayed the 6.18% power conversion efficiency under AM1.5G illumination.

20.
Pharm Biol ; 57(1): 729-735, 2019 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31794281

RESUMO

Context: Zukamu granule, a traditional Chinese medicine, has shown clinical treatment efficacy. However, the pharmacodynamic effects and possible anti-inflammatory mechanisms of zukamu are still unclear.Objective: To investigate the analgesic and anti-inflammatory effects and possible mechanisms of zukamu granules on acute lung injury.Materials and methods: Kunming mice and Sprague Dawley rats were gavaged with zukamu (1.35, 2.7 and 5.4 g/kg, respectively) or ganmaoling (GMLG; 2.7 g/kg) once a day for 7 d. Dexamethasone treatment (5 mg/kg) were administered only on the last day. Analgesic effects were evaluated through the hot plate test and acetic acid writhing test. The expression of cytokines and proteins was measured in serum and lung tissues to elucidate the efficacy of zukamu against lung injury.Results: Significant analgesic effects were observed at 30 min after zukamu administration at medium and high doses (p < 0.05), but the effect was not obvious at low dose until 60 min post-administration (p > 0.05). Zukamu treatment at all doses notably reduced the lung wet-to-dry (W/D) ratios compared to that of model rats (p < 0.05) and the effect was more evident at high dose compared to those at medium and low doses. The levels of cytokines and proteins in the lung tissues were inhibited by zukamu.Conclusions: Zukamu exhibited analgesic and protective effects against lung injury via regulating NF-κB signalling and inflammatory cytokines. As zukamu granules contain multiple ingredients, further exploration of the mechanisms underlying its analgesic and anti-inflammatory functions were needed.

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