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1.
Biochim Biophys Acta Mol Cell Res ; 1868(5): 118970, 2021 Jan 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33529640

RESUMO

Sphingosine-1-phosphate (S1P) has been shown to possess pro-hypertrophic properties in the heart, but the detailed molecular mechanism that underlies the pathological process is rarely explored. In the present study, we aim to explore the role of S1P-mediated intracellular Ca2+ signaling, with a focus on sarcoplasmic reticulum (SR)-mitochondria communication, in cardiomyocyte hypertrophy. Cultured neonatal rat ventricular myocytes (NRVMs) displayed significantly hypertrophic growth after treatment with 1 µmol/L S1P for 48 h, as indicated by the cell surface area or mRNA expressions of hypertrophic marker genes (ANP, BNP and ß-MHC). Importantly, mitochondrial Ca2+ and reactive oxygen species (ROS) levels were dramatically elevated upon S1P stimulation, and pharmacological blockage of which abolished NRVM hypertrophy. 0.5 Hz electrical pacing induced similar cytosolic Ca2+ kinetics to S1P stimulation, but unaffected the peak of mitochondrial [Ca2+]. With interference of the expression of type 2 inositol 1,4,5-trisphosphate receptors (IP3R2), which are unemployed in electrical paced Ca2+ activity but may be activated by S1P, alteration in mitochondrial Ca2+ as well as the hypertrophic effect in NRVMs under S1P stimulation were attenuated. The hypertrophic effect of S1P can also be abolished by pharmacological block of S1PR1 or Gi signaling. Collectively, our study highlights the mechanistic role of IP3R2-mediated excess SR-mitochondria Ca2+ transport in S1P-induced cardiomyocyte hypertrophy.

2.
J Cardiovasc Nurs ; 2021 Feb 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33605641

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Risk factor management via behavioral change contributes substantially to secondary stroke prevention. The health belief model identified self-perceived risk as a significant factor in behavior change. In previous studies, people have tended to incorrectly estimate their risk of stroke. Little is known about the differences in stroke knowledge and health behaviors in patients who have had a stroke with different risks of stroke recurrence in China. OBJECTIVE: The aims of this study were to determine the accuracy of self-perceived risk of stroke recurrence and to compare stroke knowledge and health behaviors in patients with hypertensive stroke at different recurrence risk strata. METHODS: Baseline data from 174 patients in the Comprehensive Reminder System based on the Health Belief Model (CRS-HBM) study were used. Self-perceived risk was assessed via the susceptibility subcategory of the Short-Form Health Belief Model Scale, and actual risk was stratified using the Essen Stroke Risk Score. RESULTS: Only 27.0% of the patients estimated their risks of stroke recurrence accurately. Patients who perceived themselves to be at higher risk had better knowledge of warning signs. Compared with patients who underestimated their risk of stroke recurrence, those who accurately estimated or overestimated their risk less likely to smoke. CONCLUSIONS: Most patients incorrectly estimated their risk of stroke recurrence. Communicating with patients about their future risk of recurrent stroke may help improve their stroke knowledge and health behaviors. Implementation of the Comprehensive Reminder System based on the Health Belief Model focusing on risk education aimed at prevention of stroke recurrence is warranted in China.

3.
Curr Med Sci ; 41(1): 84-86, 2021 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33582910

RESUMO

Tinnitus, acute or chronic, is one of the most common and refractory disorders. Acute tinnitus is a symptom that is a warning sign when compared with chronic tinnitus. Although hearing loss initiates acute tinnitus, the relationship between hearing loss and tinnitus is far from straightforward. Other factors beyond the auditory system may play important roles in the occurrence of acute tinnitus. To address this issue, we propose an integrated regulation theory of the possible physical causes of acute tinnitus, and summarize a classification system for acute tinnitus based on this regulation theory to help guide clinical treatment.

4.
Commun Biol ; 4(1): 206, 2021 Feb 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33589721

RESUMO

The auxin IAA is a vital plant hormone in controlling growth and development, but our knowledge about its complicated biosynthetic pathways and molecular regulation are still limited and fragmentary. cytokinin induced root waving 2 (ckrw2) was isolated as one of the auxin-deficient mutants in a large-scale forward genetic screen aiming to find more genes functioning in auxin homeostasis and/or its regulation. Here we show that CKRW2 is identical to Histone Monoubiquitination 1 (HUB1), a gene encoding an E3 ligase required for histone H2B monoubiquitination (H2Bub1) in Arabidopsis. In addition to pleiotropic defects in growth and development, loss of CKRW2/HUB1 function also led to typical auxin-deficient phenotypes in roots, which was associated with significantly lower expression levels of several functional auxin synthetic genes, namely TRP2/TSB1, WEI7/ASB1, YUC7 and AMI1. Corresponding defects in H2Bub1 were detected in the coding regions of these genes by chromatin immunoprecipitation (ChIP) analysis, indicating the involvement of H2Bub1 in regulating auxin biosynthesis. Importantly, application of exogenous cytokinin (CK) could stimulate CKRW2/HUB1 expression, providing an epigenetic avenue for CK to regulate the auxin homeostasis. Our results reveal a previously unknown mechanism for regulating auxin biosynthesis via HUB1/2-mediated H2Bub1 at the chromatin level.

5.
J Phycol ; 2021 Jan 23.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33483964

RESUMO

Cyanobacterial harmful algal blooms (cyanoHABs) in freshwater lakes across the globe are often combined with other stressors. Pharmaceutical pollutions especially antibiotics in water bodies pose a potential hazard in aquatic ecosystems. However, how antibiotics influence the risk of cyanoHABs remains unclear. Here, we investigated the effects of norfloxacin (NOR), one of the most widely used antibiotics globally, to a bloom-forming cyanobacteria (Microcystis aeruginosa) and a common green alga (Scenedesmus quadricauda) under both mono- and co-culture conditions. Taxon-specific responses to NOR were evaluated in mono-culture. In addition, the growth rate and change in ratio of cyanobacteria to green algae when co-cultured with exposure to NOR were determined. In mono-culture of Microcystis, exposure to low concentrations of NOR resulted in decreases in biomass, chlorophyll a and soluble protein content, while superoxide anion content and superoxide dismutase activity increased. However, NOR at high concentration only slightly affected Scenedesmus. During the co-culture trials of Microcystis and Scenedesmus, the 5µg/L NOR treatment increased the ratio of Microcystis to co-cultured Scenedesmus by 47.2%. Meanwhile, although Scenedesmus growth was enhanced by 4.2% under NOR treatment in mono-culture, it was conversely inhibited by 63.4% and 38.2% when co-cultured with Microcystis with and without NOR respectively. Our results indicate that antibiotic pollution has potential risk to enhance the perniciousness of cyanoHABs by disturbing interspecific interaction between cyanobacteria and green algae. These results reinforce the need for scientists and managers to consider the influence of xenobiotics in shaping the outcome of interactions among multiple species in aquatic ecosystems.

6.
J Cutan Pathol ; 2021 Jan 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33416192

RESUMO

Chronic myelomonocytic leukemia (CMML) is a clonal hematopoietic stem cell malignancy with features of both a myeloproliferative neoplasm and a myelodysplastic syndrome. We present a case of 72-year-old man with CMML who presented with generalized hemorrhagic papules and plaques which on histopathology showed a peculiar infiltrate of atypical mature histiocytes. The immunohistochemical markers for Langerhans cells, indeterminate dendritic cells, and plasmacytoid dendritic cells were negative. Next generation sequencing performed on the paraffin block of the leg biopsy specimen revealed identical ASXL1, SRSF2, and KRAS mutations as seen in the CMML clone of the peripheral blood. Along with recent literature, this case illustrates the spectrum of histiocytic and dendritic cell proliferations in CMML, many of which may be clonally related to the hematopoietic malignancy.

7.
Eur J Hosp Pharm ; 2021 Jan 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33472817

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: In the neonatal population, individual calculation and adjustment of vancomycin (VCM) doses has been recommended based on population pharmacokinetics (PPK) methods. OBJECTIVE: Our previous study established a Chinese neonatal VCM PPK model. The main goal of this study was to evaluate the predictive performance of this PPK model for VCM trough concentration. METHODS: The data on neonatal severe infection patients treated with VCM were retrospectively collected. The predictive performance of this PPK model was expressed using mean prediction error (MPE), mean absolute prediction error (MAPE), sensitivity and specificity. Linear regression analysis was used to compare predicted and measured VCM concentrations. We drew the receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve to evaluate the predictive efficacy of the ratio of area under the concentration-time curve over 24 hours to minimum inhibitory concentration (AUC0-24/MIC) and trough concentration for clinical efficacy. RESULTS: A total of 40 neonates with Gram-positive bacterial sepsis were included. After VCM treatment, 32 (80%) neonates were clinically cured. Eight cases were a clinical failure: the trough concentrations and AUC0-24 were lower than that of the clinical cure patients (8.70±4.30 vs 14.30±4.50 mg/L, p=0.003; 404.30±122.80 vs 515.40±131.70, p=0.037). The measured and predicted trough concentration were 11.16 (5.96, 16.53) mg/L and 10.13 (6.61, 15.73) mg/L, respectively. The MPE and MAPE were 4.62% and 13.26% (5.30%, 25.88%), respectively. The proportion of MAPE <30% in the adjusted regimen was higher than the initial regimen (89.66% vs 65.00%, p=0.039). Predictions of sensitivity and specificity by this PPK model were 88.24% and 94.29%, respectively. The coefficients of determination of linear regression analysis were 0.9171 and 0.9009 for the initial and adjusted regimen, respectively. The AUC0-24 was correlated with the trough concentration (r=0.587, p<0.001). The ROC curve indicated that the optimal cut-off points for predicting clinical efficacy were AUC0-24/MIC >425.47 and trough concentration >9.45 mg/L. CONCLUSION: This PPK model has good predictive performance in Chinese neonatal patients. Both AUC0-24/MIC and trough concentration can predict the clinical efficacy of antibacterial treatment.

8.
Eur J Hosp Pharm ; 2021 Jan 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33414258

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: There is a significant correlation between augmented renal clearance (ARC) and lower serum trough concentrations of vancomycin (VCM) during therapy. There is a need to evaluate the predictive performance of the population pharmacokinetic (PPK) model used for individual calculation of dosage regimens in ARC patients. OBJECTIVE: Our study aimed to estimate the predictive performance differences of the reported VCM PPK software JPKD-vancomycin and SmartDose in patients with varying renal function status, especially those with ARC. METHODS: Patients receiving VCM treatment from May 2014 to December 2019 were enrolled, and divided into the ARC group, the normal renal function (NRF) group, and the impaired renal function (IRF) group. VCM dosage, trough concentration, area under the curve (AUC) and pharmacokinetic parameters were compared among the three groups. The predictive performance of PPK software was expressed using absolute prediction error (APE), sensitivity, specificity, and regression coefficient (r2) of linear regression analysis between the measured VCM trough concentration and the predicted trough concentration. RESULTS: A total of 388 patients were included: 86 patients in the ARC group, 241 patients in the NRF group, and 61 patients in the IRF group. The daily dose of the adjusted regimen in the ARC group was higher than in the NRF group, but the trough concentration was significantly lower than in the NRF group (2.8±0.6 g vs 1.9±0.6 g, p<0.001; 10.5±5.1 mg/L vs 12.9±6.8 mg/L, p=0.030). The percentage of trough concentrations lower than 10 mg/L was 84.9% in the ARC group. Compared with the APE of the initial dosage regimen, the APE of the adjusted regimen calculated by JPKD was lower in the ARC group (p=0.041) and the NRF group (p<0.001). Specificity of JPKD and SmartDose in the ARC group was higher than in the NRF group (p<0.001; p<0.001). According to the linear regression analysis, the coefficients of determination (r2) were all >0.6 for the initial regimen and adjusted regimen of VCM in the ARC and NRF groups, and the r2 of the adjusted regimen of JPKD was >0.8 in the ARC and NRF groups. In the IRF group, 31.1% of patients had a change in serum creatinine (Scr) level of >50%. The r2 increased from 0.527 to 0.7347 in SmartDose and from 0.55 to 0.7802 in JPKD when using Scr at the sampling time. The ARC group showed a significant decrease in AUC (p<0.001) and an increase in clearance rate (p<0.001) when compared to the NRF group. CONCLUSION: ARC was significantly associated with subtherapeutic serum VCM concentration. The pharmacokinetic parameters of VCM were diverse in patients with different renal function status. The PPK model JPKD and SmartDose had a good predictive performance for predicting VCM trough concentrations of the ARC and NRF patients, especially using JPKD for prediction of the adjusted regimen. The change of Scr is a main factor affecting the accuracy of software prediction.

9.
Exp Ther Med ; 20(6): 227, 2020 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33193841

RESUMO

Cerebral ischemia-reperfusion injury (CIRI) is the observed continuation and deterioration of ischemic injury, and currently, there are no effective treatment strategies for the condition. It has been reported that microRNAs (miRNAs) serve an important role in CIRI by regulating pyroptosis. The present study demonstrated that miRNA-124 regulated CIRI by regulating STAT3. To explore the relationship between miRNA-124/STAT3 and pyroptosis in CIRI, CIRI was simulated using a middle cerebral artery occlusion model. Subsequently, miRNA-124 expression levels were altered via the intracerebroventricular injection of miRNA-124 agonist or antagonist. The degree of brain tissue injury was assessed by conducting TTC staining and neurological function scoring. Relative miRNA-124 expression levels were determined via reverse transcription-quantitative PCR. A luciferase reporter gene system verified the targeted binding of miRNA-124 to STAT3. The expression levels of key proteins and proinflammatory cytokines associated with pyroptosis [caspase-1, gasdermin D, interleukin (IL)-18 and IL-1ß] were detected via western blotting and immunohistochemistry. The increased expression levels of pyroptosis-associated proteins and proinflammatory cytokines in the I/R groups compared with the control group, indicated that pyroptosis intensified over time during CIRI, and miRNA-124 agonist significantly abrogated pyroptosis and improved neurological function compared with the control group. Furthermore, miRNA-124 inhibited STAT3 activation in a targeted manner, which also decreased the extent of pyroptosis. However, miRNA-124 antagonist reversed miR-124 agonist-mediated effects. Therefore, the present study indicated that miRNA-124 may provide neuroprotection against pyroptosis during CIRI, potentially via inhibition of the STAT3 signaling pathway.

10.
World J Gastroenterol ; 26(39): 6087-6097, 2020 Oct 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33132657

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) is spreading rapidly around the world. Most critically ill patients have organ injury, including acute respiratory distress syndrome, acute kidney injury, cardiac injury, or liver dysfunction. However, few studies on acute gastrointestinal injury (AGI) have been reported in critically ill patients with COVID-19. AIM: To investigate the prevalence and outcomes of AGI in critically ill patients with COVID-19. METHODS: In this retrospective study, demographic data, laboratory parameters, AGI grades, clinical severity and outcomes were collected. The primary endpoints were AGI incidence and 28-d mortality. RESULTS: From February 10 to March 10 2020, 83 critically ill patients out of 1314 patients with COVID-19 were enrolled. Seventy-two (86.7%) patients had AGI during hospital stay, of these patients, 30 had AGI grade I, 35 had AGI grade II, 5 had AGI grade III, and 2 had AGI grade IV. The incidence of AGI grade II and above was 50.6%. Forty (48.2%) patients died within 28 days of admission. Multiple organ dysfunction syndrome developed in 58 (69.9%) patients, and septic shock in 16 (19.3%) patients. Patients with worse AGI grades had worse clinical variables, a higher incidence of septic shock and 28-d mortality. Sequential organ failure assessment (SOFA) scores (95%CI: 1.374-2.860; P < 0.001), white blood cell (WBC) counts (95%CI: 1.037-1.379; P = 0.014), and duration of mechanical ventilation (MV) (95%CI: 1.020-1.340; P = 0.025) were risk factors for the development of AGI grade II and above. CONCLUSION: The incidence of AGI was 86.7%, and hospital mortality was 48.2% in critically ill patients with COVID-19. SOFA scores, WBC counts, and duration of MV were risk factors for the development of AGI grade II and above. Patients with worse AGI grades had a higher incidence of septic shock and 28-d mortality.


Assuntos
Infecções por Coronavirus/fisiopatologia , Gastroenteropatias/fisiopatologia , Mortalidade Hospitalar , Pneumonia Viral/fisiopatologia , Lesão Renal Aguda/epidemiologia , Idoso , Betacoronavirus , China/epidemiologia , Infecções por Coronavirus/epidemiologia , Estado Terminal , Feminino , Gastroenteropatias/epidemiologia , Humanos , Incidência , Contagem de Leucócitos , Hepatopatias/epidemiologia , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Mortalidade , Insuficiência de Múltiplos Órgãos/epidemiologia , Escores de Disfunção Orgânica , Pandemias , Pneumonia Viral/epidemiologia , Prevalência , Respiração Artificial/estatística & dados numéricos , Estudos Retrospectivos , Fatores de Risco , Índice de Gravidade de Doença , Choque Séptico/epidemiologia
11.
Infect Genet Evol ; 86: 104585, 2020 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33035644

RESUMO

Innate immunity is the first line against the invasion of pathogenic microorganisms. Over the past several years, the antiviral activity and mechanisms of the IFIT5 gene have been confirmed in mammals. However, more information is needed on the role of IFIT5 in response to viral infection in chickens. In this study, we examined the mRNA expression profile of chicken IFIT5 (chIFIT5) in different tissues and explored how chIFIT5 transduces upstream signaling to the downstream adaptor. Relative mRNA expression level of chIFIT5 was the highest in spleen and expression level of chIFIT5 was significantly up-regulated following Newcastle disease virus (NDV) infection, and polyinosinic:polycytidylic acid [poly (I:C)]- and poly(deoxyadenylic-thymidylic) [poly (dA:dT)]-triggered antiviral immune responses. Chicken MDA5, MAVS, and IRF7 positively regulated the mRNA expression of chIFIT5. Overexpression of chIFIT5 could promote IRF7- and NF-κB-mediated gene expression following NDV infection or transfection with poly (I:C). These results suggested that chIFIT5 is an important enhancer of the innate immunity response.

12.
Age Ageing ; 2020 Sep 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32931545

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Exercise therapy is a key intervention in the management of knee osteoarthritis (KOA) and recommended in international guidelines on KOA management. An effective home-exercise programme for frail older adults with KOA was successful in achieving high adherence. This randomised controlled trial was to compare the adherence to the exercise and lasting effects of follow-up 3 months. METHODS: Sixty-eight participants in the original Wuqinxi (WQX) exercise study were community dwelling older adults (age = 70.95 ± 9.85 years) with KOA were categorised into 34 controls group, 34 WQX group adherers. The Western Ontario and Mc Master Universities Osteoarthritis Index questionnaire score (WOMAC) pain and Berg Balance Scale, Timed Up and Go Test, 6-min Walk Test, 30-s chair stand test, isokinetic muscle strength testing of knee flexion and extension measured at pre-test and post-test of the intervention period and follow-up for two groups. RESULTS: The WQX group maintained or improved in all nine measures from post-test to follow-up, whereas the control group significantly declined in WOMAC pain, Knee extensor strength and Knee flexor strength. CONCLUSION: The WQX programme was an effective home-exercise programme that achieves high adherence in older adults with KOA who lived in these communities.

13.
Nat Commun ; 11(1): 4655, 2020 09 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32938918

RESUMO

Purely organic room-temperature phosphorescence has attracted attention for bioimaging but can be quenched in aqueous systems. Here we report a water-soluble ultralong organic room-temperature phosphorescent supramolecular polymer by combining cucurbit[n]uril (CB[7], CB[8]) and hyaluronic acid (HA) as a tumor-targeting ligand conjugated to a 4-(4-bromophenyl)pyridin-1-ium bromide (BrBP) phosphor. The result shows that CB[7] mediated pseudorotaxane polymer CB[7]/HA-BrBP changes from small spherical aggregates to a linear array, whereas complexation with CB[8] results in biaxial pseudorotaxane polymer CB[8]/HA-BrBP which transforms to relatively large aggregates. Owing to the more stable 1:2 inclusion complex between CB[8] and BrBP and the multiple hydrogen bonds, this supramolecular polymer has ultralong purely organic RTP lifetime in water up to 4.33 ms with a quantum yield of 7.58%. Benefiting from the targeting property of HA, this supramolecular polymer is successfully applied for cancer cell targeted phosphorescence imaging of mitochondria.


Assuntos
Mitocôndrias/efeitos dos fármacos , Polímeros/química , Células A549 , Células HEK293 , Humanos , Ácido Hialurônico/química , Ligação de Hidrogênio , Medições Luminescentes , Microscopia Confocal , Neoplasias/diagnóstico por imagem , Neoplasias/patologia , Polímeros/metabolismo , Taxoides/química , Temperatura
14.
Arch Pharm (Weinheim) ; 353(11): e2000131, 2020 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32785974

RESUMO

Malaria, caused by the genus Plasmodium, remains a global public health concern. It is estimated by the World Health Organization that over 40% of the world's population lives in areas at risk for malarial transmission, and around half a million people succumb to this infectious disease annually, which is related to the rapid spread of drug-resistant parasite strains. Indole derivatives, which possess broad-spectrum pharmacological properties, play a crucial role in the discovery of new drugs. Many indole derivatives exhibited potential in vitro and in vivo activity against both drug-sensitive and drug-resistant malaria, suggesting that the indole moiety is a useful template for the development of novel antimalarial agents. This review outlines the advances in indole alkaloids and hybrids with antimalarial potential in the recent decade.

15.
Pestic Biochem Physiol ; 169: 104668, 2020 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32828374

RESUMO

Diamondback moth (DBM), Plutella xylostella, is an important pest of crucifers worldwide. The extensive use of flubendiamide has led to the development of resistance in field populations and reports of control failures. In this study, the lab-selected (Rf) and field-collected (Rb) flubendiamide-resistant strains of P. xylostella with LC50 resistance ratios of 1890-fold and 1251-fold, respectively, were used, as well as a lab-reared flubendiamide-susceptible strain (S). The results showed that the fecundity of the Rf and Rb-resistant strains was significantly lower than that of S strain. The contents of vitellin and transcripts of P. xylostella vitellogenin (PxVg) and P. xylostella vitellogenin receptor (PxVgR) genes in the Rf and Rb strains were significantly higher than those of S strains at 0-48 h after adult eclosion. At 96 h after eclosion, the content of vitellin in the Rf and Rb strains did not differ significantly from those of S strains, whereas transcripts of the PxVg and PxVgR genes in the Rf and Rb strains were significantly lower than that of the S strain. The content of the juvenile hormone III (JH III), ß-ecdysone (20E), and the gene expression level of P. xylostella methoprene tolerant (PxMet) in the Rf and Rb strains were significantly higher than that of the S strain. The activity of trehalase was significantly higher in the Rf and Rb strains than that of the S strain in the first to the third instar larvae, whereas in the fourth instar larvae, there was no significantly difference in the three strains. At different times after adult eclosion, the differences in trehalase activity were erratic between the strains. The transcripts of P. xylostella trehalase (PxTre) gene in the Rf and Rb strains were significantly higher than that of the S strain in most developmental stages. Here, we report differences in fecundity between flubendiamide-resistant and susceptible strains of P. xylostella and discuss gene expression of several reproductive factors, which provides a possible explanation for the mechanism of fecundity reduction concurrent with flubendiamide-resistance in P. xylostella.


Assuntos
Inseticidas/farmacologia , Mariposas/efeitos dos fármacos , Animais , Benzamidas , Fertilidade/efeitos dos fármacos , Resistência a Inseticidas/efeitos dos fármacos , Larva/efeitos dos fármacos , Sulfonas
16.
Exp Anim ; 69(4): 430-440, 2020 Nov 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32641593

RESUMO

Recent studies in mice suggested that KLF5 (Kruppel like factor 5), a zinc-finger transcription factor, plays an important role in skeletal muscle development and regeneration. As an important factor in the process of muscle development, KLF5 participates in the regulation of the cell cycle, cell survival, and cell dryness under different environmental conditions, but it is not clear whether KLF5 participates in muscle atrophy. Therefore, we investigated whether KLF5 can regulate the atrophy of chicken satellite cells in vitro and examined its mechanism of action. qPCR showed that KLF5 gene knockdown promoted the expression of key genes in muscle atrophy. Subsequently, we sequenced and analyzed the transcriptomes of KLF5 silenced and control cells, and we showed that the differentially expressed genes were mainly enriched in 10 signaling pathways (P<0.05), with differential gene and enrichment analyses indicating that the Wnt signaling pathways are extremely important. In conclusion, our results indicate that KLF5 may regulate the atrophy of chicken skeletal muscle through the Wnt/ß-catenin signaling pathway.


Assuntos
Regulação da Expressão Gênica no Desenvolvimento/genética , Fatores de Transcrição Kruppel-Like/fisiologia , Músculo Esquelético/patologia , Transdução de Sinais/genética , Transdução de Sinais/fisiologia , Via de Sinalização Wnt/genética , Via de Sinalização Wnt/fisiologia , beta Catenina/metabolismo , Animais , Atrofia/genética , Células Cultivadas , Galinhas , Masculino
17.
J Insect Sci ; 20(4)2020 Jul 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32620012

RESUMO

The diamondback moth (Plutella xylostella, DBM) is an important pest of cruciferous vegetables. The use of chlorantraniliprole has been essential in the management of the DBM. However, in many countries and areas, DBM has become highly resistant to chlorantraniliprole. Three different DBM strains, susceptible (S), chlorantraniliprole-selected (Rc), and field-collected (Rb) resistant strains/populations were studied for the role of phenoloxidase in resistance development to the insecticide. By assaying the activity of phenoloxidase (PO) in the three different DBM strains, the results showed that the PO activity in the Rc strain was increased significantly compared with the S strain. The synergistic effects of quercetin showed that the resistant ratio (RR) of the QRc larvae to chlorantraniliprole was decreased from 423.95 to 316.42-fold compared with the Rc larvae. Further studies demonstrated that the transcriptional and translational expression levels of PxPPO1 (P. xylostella prophenoloxidase-1 gene) and PxPPO2 (P. xylostella prophenoloxidase-2 gene) were increased to varying degrees compared with the S strain, such as the transcriptional expression levels of PxPPO2 were 24.02-fold that of the S strain. The responses of phenoloxidase were significantly different in chlorantraniliprole-resistant DBM.

18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32675401

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: To compare the diagnostic efficacy of shear wave elastography (SWE) comnined with ACR TI-RADS categories for malignancy risk stratification of thyroid nodules with interminate FNA cytology. METHODS: The clinical data, sonographic features, ACR TI-RADS grading and shear wave elastography images of 193 patients of surgical pathologically proven thyroid nodules with interminate FNA cytology were retrospectively analyzed. The diagnostic efficacy of ACR TI-RADS categories, the maximum Young's modulus (Emax) of SWE and the combination of the two were calculated respectively. RESULTS: The ROC curves were drawn using surgical pathology results as the gold standard. The ROC curves indicated that the cut-off value of ACR TI-RADS and Emax of SWE was TR5 and 41.2 kPa respectively, and the area under the ROC curve (AUC) was 0.864 (95% CI: 0.879-0.934) and 0.858 (95% CI: 0.796-0.920) respectively. The diagnostic sensitivity, specificity and accuracy of ACR TI-RADS was 81.4% (127/156), 84.8% (31/37), and 81.9% (158/193), respectively. That of SWE Emax was 80.8% (126/156), 78.4% (29/37), and 80.3% (155/193), respectively. After SWE combined with ACR TI-RADS, the sensitivity, specificity and accuracy was 94.2% (147/156), 75.7% (28/37), and 90.7% (175/193), respectively. CONCLUSIONS: ACR TI-RADS classification system and shear wave elastography had high diagnostic efficacy for thyroid nodules with interminate FNA cytology. The combination of the two could improve diagnostic sensitivity and accuracy, and could help to differentiate benign and malignant thyroid nodules with interminate FNA cytology.

19.
Aging (Albany NY) ; 12(12): 11287-11295, 2020 06 25.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32589164

RESUMO

The aim of this study was to investigate the correlations between serum calcium and clinical outcomes in patients with coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19). In this retrospective study, serum calcium levels, hormone levels and clinical laboratory parameters on admission were recorded. The clinical outcome variables were also recorded. From February 10 to February 28, 2020, 241 patients were enrolled. Of these patients, 180 (74.7%) had hypocalcemia on admission. The median serum calcium levels were 2.12 (IQR, 2.04-2.20) mmol/L, median parathyroid hormone (PTH) levels were 55.27 (IQR, 42.73-73.15) pg/mL, and median 25-hydroxy-vitamin D (VD) levels were 10.20 (IQR, 8.20-12.65) ng/mL. The serum calcium levels were significantly positively correlated with VD levels (P =0.004) but negatively correlated with PTH levels (P =0.048). Patients with lower serum calcium levels (especially ≤2.0 mmol/L) had worse clinical parameters, higher incidences of organ injury and septic shock, and higher 28-day mortality. The areas under the receiver operating characteristic curves of multiple organ dysfunction syndrome, septic shock, and 28-day mortality were 0.923 (P <0.001), 0.905 (P =0.001), and 0.929 (P <0.001), respectively. In conclusion, serum calcium was associated with the clinical severity and prognosis of patients with COVID-19. Hypocalcemia may be associated with imbalanced VD and PTH levels.


Assuntos
Betacoronavirus , Cálcio/sangue , Infecções por Coronavirus/sangue , Infecções por Coronavirus/patologia , Pneumonia Viral/sangue , Pneumonia Viral/patologia , Idoso , Biomarcadores/sangue , Infecções por Coronavirus/complicações , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Pandemias , Pneumonia Viral/complicações , Prognóstico , Estudos Retrospectivos
20.
Cardiovasc Res ; 2020 Jun 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32531044

RESUMO

AIMS: Despite numerous reports documenting an important role of hypertension in the development of atrial fibrillation (AF), the detailed mechanism underlying the pathological process remains incompletely understood. Here, we aim to test the hypothesis that diastolic sarcoplasmic reticulum (SR) Ca2+ leak in atrial myocytes, induced by mechanical stretch due to elevated pressure in the left atrium (LA), plays an essential role in the AF development in pressure-overloaded hearts. METHODS AND RESULTS: Isolated mouse atrial myocytes subjected to acute axial stretch displayed an immediate elevation of SR Ca2+ leak. Using a mouse model of transverse aortic constriction (TAC), the relation between stretch, SR Ca2+ leak and AF susceptibility was further tested. At 36 hours post TAC, SR Ca2+ leak in cardiomyocytes from the LA (with hemodynamic stress), but not right atrium (without hemodynamic stress), significantly increased, which was further elevated at 4 weeks post TAC. Accordingly, AF susceptibility to atrial burst pacing in the 4-week TAC mice were also significantly increased, which was unaffected by inhibition of atrial fibrosis or inflammation via deletion of galectin-3. Western blotting revealed that type 2 ryanodine receptor (RyR2) in LA myocytes of TAC mice was oxidized due to activation and upregulation of Nox2 and Nox4. Direct rescue of dysfunctional RyR2 with dantrolene or rycal S107 reduced diastolic SR Ca2+ leak in LA myocytes and prevented atrial burst pacing stimulated AF. CONCLUSION: Our study demonstrated for the first time the increased SR Ca2+ leak mediated by enhanced oxidative stress in LA myocytes that is causatively associated with higher AF susceptibility in pressure-overloaded hearts. TRANSLATIONAL PERSPECTIVE: RyR2 is the major Ca2+ channel in cardiac myocytes, strongly affecting cellular activities. Several types of heart diseases, including heart failure and ventricular arrhythmias, are related to RyR2 dysfunction in ventricular myocytes. The present study expands RyR2 dysfunction as a critical contributor in pressure-overload associated AF. As AF is usually accompanied with cardiac remodeling and dysfunction in the setting of hypertension, which is a common risk factor for different cardiovascular diseases, the convergence of several pathological processes on the dysfunctional RyR2 makes it a common therapeutic target in these diseased settings.

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