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1.
Sci Total Environ ; 855: 158975, 2023 Jan 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36152850

RESUMO

Atmospheric polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) are a type of organic pollutants that seriously endanger human health. Obtaining the diurnal variations of PAHs and clarifying their impact mechanisms are significant for the government to formulate targeted prevention and control measures. However, the influencing factors that dominate the diurnal variations of common PAHs are currently unclear. In order to solve this problem, 16 PAHs selected by the United States Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) as priority-controlled pollutants were simulated with high resolution. The simulation results were validated based on diurnal observations in the vertical direction. Although the model underestimated the particle-phase concentrations of most components, it captured their diurnal variations fairly well. In addition, we assessed the factors affecting the diurnal variations of PAHs with sensitivity tests, including chemical reactions and atmospheric diffusion. The results showed that the transforming ratios of PAHs by oxidants were higher during the day than that at night due to the dominant reactions with OH radical. Atmospheric dispersion affected the vertical distribution of PAHs, which resulted in higher day/night ratios at high altitudes than near the ground. We also compared the strength of atmospheric diffusion and chemical reaction on the diurnal trends of PAHs. Near the ground, atmospheric diffusion was the most dominant factor in determining their diurnal trends. At high altitudes, their diurnal trends were determined by a combination of atmospheric diffusion and chemical reactions. These findings can provide a comprehensive understanding of the diurnal variations of common PAHs, which are informative for the prevention and control of PAHs pollution.


Assuntos
Poluentes Atmosféricos , Poluentes Ambientais , Hidrocarbonetos Policíclicos Aromáticos , Humanos , Estados Unidos , Hidrocarbonetos Policíclicos Aromáticos/análise , Poluentes Atmosféricos/análise , Monitoramento Ambiental/métodos , United States Environmental Protection Agency
2.
JACC Asia ; 2(3): 235-243, 2022 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36338398

RESUMO

Background: The time-velocity integral of the left ventricular outflow tract (TVILVOT) has been demonstrated to correlate with heart failure hospitalization and mortality, but the association of TVILVOT with the severity and prognosis of pulmonary arterial hypertension (PAH) has not been evaluated. Objectives: The aim of this study was to investigate the predictive value of baseline TVILVOT in PAH. Methods: A total of 225 consecutive patients with a diagnosis of incident PAH were prospectively studied and echocardiology-derived TVILVOT was measured at enrollment followed by right heart catheterization examination within 48 hours. Cox proportional hazards analysis was performed to assess the association between baseline variables and mortality. Results: During a median follow-up period of 33.8 months, 44 patients died of cardiovascular events. Baseline TVILVOT was significantly lower in the nonsurvivors compared with the survivors (P < 0.001). Baseline TVILVOT was positively correlated with stroke volume obtained by right heart catheterization (r = 0.709; P < 0.001), and inversely correlated with N-terminal pro-B-type natriuretic peptide (r = -0.533; P < 0.001), pulmonary vascular resistance (r = -0.423; P < 0.001). Multivariate analysis showed that baseline TVILVOT (hazard ratio: 0.856; 95% CI: 0.780-0.941; P = 0.001) was an independent predictor of cardiovascular mortality in PAH. Patients with a baseline TVILVOT <17.1 cm (median value) had a significantly worse survival than those with a baseline TVILVOT ≥17.1 cm (P < 0.001). Conclusions: The findings of this study suggest that noninvasive TVILVOT provides a practical method to assess the severity and predict long-term outcome of PAH.

3.
JACC Asia ; 2(3): 247-255, 2022 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36338413

RESUMO

Background: The role of congenital thrombophilia in chronic thromboembolic pulmonary hypertension (CTEPH) remains unresolved. Objectives: The purpose of this study was to investigate the prevalence, genetic background, and clinical phenotype of congenital thrombophilia in CTEPH. Methods: In total, 367 patients with CTEPH from May 2013 to December 2020 were consecutively enrolled in this cross-sectional study in FuWai Hospital and Peking Union Medical College Hospital in China. The primary outcome was the occurrence of congenital thrombophilia diagnosed through tests for congenital anticoagulants activity (including protein C, protein S, and antithrombin III), factor V Leiden and prothrombin G20210A sequence variants. Next-generation sequencing was conducted for patients with congenital thrombophilia. Clinical phenotype was compared between patients with and without thrombophilia. Results: A total of 36 (9.8%; 95% CI: 6.8%-12.9%) patients were diagnosed as congenital thrombophilia, including 13 protein C deficiency (3.5%; 95% CI: 1.6%-5.4%), 19 protein S deficiency (5.2%; 95% CI: 2.9%-7.5%), and 4 antithrombin III deficiency (1.1%; 95% CI: 0%-2.2%). No factor V Leiden or prothrombin G20210A sequence variants were identified. Genotype for patients with thrombophilia revealed that 10 (76.9%) protein C deficiency patients were PROC sequence variant carriers, 4 (21.1%) protein S deficiency were PROS1 sequence variant carriers, and 2 (50.0%) antithrombin III deficiency were SERPINC1 sequence variant carriers. In the logistic regression model, male sex (OR: 3.24; 95% CI: 1.43-7.31) and proximal lesion in pulmonary arteries (OR: 4.10; 95% CI: 1.91-8.85) had significant differences between the congenital thrombophilia and nonthrombophilia group in CTEPH patients. Conclusions: Congenital thrombophilia was not rare. Male sex and proximal lesion in pulmonary arteries might be the specific clinical phenotype for CTEPH patients with congenital thrombophilia.

4.
Small ; : e2204694, 2022 Nov 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36403215

RESUMO

Disturbed blood flow induces endothelial pro-inflammatory responses that promote atherogenesis. Nanoparticle-based therapeutics aimed at treating endothelial inflammation in vasculature where disturbed flow occurs may provide a promising avenue to prevent atherosclerosis. By using a vertical-step flow apparatus and a microfluidic chip of vascular stenosis, herein, it is found that the disk-shaped versus the spherical nanoparticles exhibit preferential margination (localization and adhesion) to the regions with the pro-atherogenic disturbed flow. By employing a mouse model of carotid partial ligation, superior targeting and higher accumulation of the disk-shaped particles are also demonstrated within disturbed flow areas than that of the spherical particles. In hyperlipidemia mice, administration of disk-shaped particles loaded with hypomethylating agent decitabine (DAC) displays greater anti-inflammatory and anti-atherosclerotic effects compared with that of the spherical counterparts and exhibits reduced toxicity than "naked" DAC. The findings suggest that shaping nanoparticles to disk is an effective strategy for promoting their delivery to atheroprone endothelia.

5.
Int J Mol Sci ; 23(21)2022 Oct 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36362019

RESUMO

Origanum vulgare, belonging to the Lamiaceae family, is a principal culinary herb used worldwide which possesses great antioxidant and antibacterial properties corresponding to various volatile organic components (VOCs). However, the metabolite profiles and underlying biosynthesis mechanisms of elaborate tissues (stems, leaves, bracts, sepals, petals) of Origanum vulgare have seldom been reported. Here, solid-phase microextraction-gas chromatography/mass spectrometry results showed that Origanum vulgare 'Hot and Spicy' (O. vulgare 'HS') was extremely rich in carvacrol and had the tissue dependence characteristic. Moreover, a full-length transcriptome analysis revealed carvacrol biosynthesis and its tissue-specific expression patterns of 'upstream' MVA/MEP pathway genes and 'downstream' modifier genes of TPSs, CYPs, and SDRs. Furthermore, the systems biology method of modular organization analysis was applied to cluster 16,341 differently expressed genes into nine modules and to identify significant carvacrol- and peltate glandular trichome-correlated modules. In terms of these positive and negative modules, weighted gene co-expression network analysis results showed that carvacrol biosynthetic pathway genes are highly co-expressed with TF genes, such as ZIPs and bHLHs, indicating their involvement in regulating the biosynthesis of carvacrol. Our findings shed light on the tissue specificity of VOC accumulation in O. vulgare 'HS' and identified key candidate genes for carvacrol biosynthesis, which would allow metabolic engineering and breeding of Origanum cultivars.


Assuntos
Óleos Voláteis , Origanum , Origanum/química , Óleos Voláteis/química , Melhoramento Vegetal , Cimenos
6.
Heliyon ; 8(11): e11323, 2022 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36387484

RESUMO

Objective: Human papillomavirus (HPV) 6 and 11 are the two most common low-risk HPV subtypes, accounting for more than 90% of condyloma acuminatum. A simple, accurate and rapid screening method to be applied in community-level hospitals is in high demand. Methods: Endogenous internally controlled recombinase-assisted amplification (EIC-RAA) assays for HPV6 and 11 were performed in a single closed-tube at 39 °C within 30 min. The sensitivity and specificity of EIC-RAA were examined using recombinant plasmids and pre-tested HPV DNA. A total of 233 clinical samples were collected, and the DNA was extracted by traditional multi-step extraction, or sample releasing agent, before analysis by EIC-RAA. For comparison, HPV detection via Quantitative real-time PCR (qPCR) was also performed. Results: The sensitivity of EIC-RAA analysis was 10 copies/reaction for HPV6, 100 copies/reaction for HPV11, and 100 copies/reaction for the human ß-globin gene. No cross-reaction was observed with other HPV subtypes. Clinical performance of the EIC-RAA assay achieved a 100% of concordance rate with the commercial HPV qPCR kit. Further, the EIC-RAA assay achieved a 100% of concordance rate when using multi-step extracted DNA and sample releasing agent-processed DNA. Summary: The EIC-RAA assay for HPV6 and 11 detection possesses the advantages of accuracy, simplicity and rapidity, and demonstrates great potential to be used in community-level hospitals for field investigation.

7.
Front Plant Sci ; 13: 1019884, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36438132

RESUMO

Gibberellin and cytokinin synergistically regulate the stalk development in flowering Chinese cabbage. KNOX proteins were reported to function as important regulators of the shoot apex to promote meristem activity by synchronously inducing CTK and suppressing GA biosynthesis, while their regulatory mechanism in the bolting and flowering is unknown. In this study, 9 BcKNOX genes were identified and mapped unevenly on 6 out of 10 flowering Chinese cabbage chromosomes. The BcKNOXs were divided into three subfamilies on the basis of sequences and gene structure. The proteins contain four conserved domains except for BcKNATM. Three BcKNOX TFs (BcKNOX1, BcKNOX3, and BcKNOX5) displayed high transcription levels on tested tissues at various stages. The major part of BcKNOX genes showed preferential expression patterns in response to low-temperature, zeatin (ZT), and GA3 treatment, indicating that they were involved in bud differentiation and bolting. BcKNOX1 and BcKNOX5 showed high correlation level with gibberellins synthetase, and CTK metabolic genes. BcKONX1 also showed high correlation coefficients within BcRGA1 and BcRGL1 which are negative regulators of GA signaling. In addition, BcKNOX1 interacted with BcRGA1 and BcRGL1, as confirmed by yeast two-hybrid (Y2H) and biomolecular fluorescence complementation assay (BiFC). This analysis has provided useful foundation for the future functional roles' analysis of flowering Chinese cabbage KNOX genes.

8.
Brain Res ; 1798: 148161, 2022 Nov 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36379315

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Ischemic stroke treatments are intriguing and somewhat controversial. Recent findings have shown that human mesenchymal stem cells (MSC) may have therapeutic potential in ischemic stroke. Our hypothesis was that MSC therapy would promote sensory and motor recovery. Therefore, we intended to explore the optimal transplantation dose of MSC. METHODS: Adult Sprague-Dawley (SD) rats were induced to undergo transient focal cerebral ischemia by occluding the middle cerebral artery. A series of standard neurological/neurobehavioral experiments, including Neurological Severity Score (NSS) assessment, corner turning test, von Frey test, and rotarod were then performed on post stroke rats following treatment with vehicle or different doses of MSC (1 × 106, 2 × 106, and 5 × 106) through tail vein. To figure out the time course of neurological and functional recovery following ischemic stroke, tests were administered at regular intervals (days 1, 3, 7, 14, 21, and 28) after reperfusion. And the cerebral infarction volume was measured and analyzed by multi-slices H&E staining and micro-PET / CT in all of the groups at day 35 after ischemia stroke. Activation of microglia was explored by immunofluorescence at day 35 after ischemia stroke. RESULTS: The sensory and motor function was significantly improved by MSC treatment in stroke rats, along with cerebral infarction volume reduction. Besides, different doses of MSC have more or less reflected the therapeutic effect on stroke. The prominent treatment outcome in neurobehavioral recovery and infarction reduction was shown in low dose group with an injection dose of 1 × 106 cells. Nevertheless, the medium and high dose MSC could inhibit the activation of microglia much stronger. CONCLUSIONS: Treatment with MSC restored the sensory and motor function of cerebral ischemia rats, indicating it may be an effective therapy for ischemic stroke.

9.
Sci Total Environ ; 859(Pt 2): 160211, 2022 Nov 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36410475

RESUMO

Surface ozone (O3) is mainly photochemically formed by nitrogen oxides (NOX) and volatile organic compounds (VOCs), and therefore O3 usually has a distinct diurnal variation with high concentrations in the afternoon and low values at night. However, eight nocturnal O3 increase (NOI) events were identified in Nanjing in June 2021. To understand the mechanism of NOI events, we selected two events (June 6-7, and 24-25) for observational data analysis. The Community Multiscale Air Quality (CMAQ) model was employed for the process analysis (PA) and regional transport of O3. By analyzing the O3 observation data and meteorological factors, we found that there were clear southeastward O3 transport paths. The O3 peak clearly moved from the upwind to the downwind cities in both events. Model simulations showed that when nocturnal O3 enhancement occurred, horizontal transport resulted in a negative to positive net O3 production rate. O3 continued to get accumulated in Nanjing. Nocturnal O3 in the first event was dominated by long-range transport, with the top two contributing cities being Huzhou (5.6 %) and Jiaxing (4.7 %). NOI during the second event was from the nearby upwind cities. The top three contributing cities were Shanghai (18.3 %), Wuxi (9.1 %), and Suzhou (8.8 %). We conclude that the June NOI events in Nanjing were mainly driven by the horizontal transport of southeasterly winds. This study provides scientific support for O3 prevention and control in Nanjing in the summer.

10.
Adv Sci (Weinh) ; : e2205638, 2022 Nov 29.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36446619

RESUMO

Chemical vapor deposition (CVD) has been widely used to produce high quality 2D transitional metal dichalcogenides (2D TMDCs). However, violent evaporation and large diffusivity discrepancy of metal and chalcogen precursors at elevated temperatures often result in poor regulation on X:M molar ratio (M = Mo, W etc.; X = S, Se, and Te), and thus it is rather challenging to achieve the desired products of 2D TMDCs. Here, a modified spatially confined strategy (MSCS) is utilized to suppress the rising S vapor concentration between two aspectant substrates, upon which the lateral/vertical growth of 2D WS2 can be selectively regulated via proper S:W zones correspond to greatly broadened time/growth windows. An S:W-time (SW-T) growth diagram was thus proposed as a mapping guide for the general understanding of CVD growth of 2D WS2 and the design of growth routes for the desired 2D WS2 . Consequently, a comprehensive growth management of atomically thin WS2 is achieved, including the versatile controls of domain size, layer number, and lateral/vertical heterostructures (MoS2 -WS2 ). The lateral heterostructures show an enhanced hydrogen evolution reaction performance. This study advances the substantial understanding to the growth kinetics and provides an effective MSCS protocol for growth design and management of 2D TMDCs.

11.
Brain Behav Immun ; 108: 32-44, 2022 Nov 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36343753

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Parkinson's disease (PD) is characterized by the loss of dopaminergic neurons (DA) and the accumulation of Lewy body deposits composed of alpha-Synuclein (α-Syn), which act as antigenic epitopes to drive cytotoxic T-cell responses in PD. Increased T helper 17 (Th17) cells and dysfunctional regulatory T cells (Tregs) have been reported to be associated with the loss of DA in PD. However, the mechanism underlying the Th17/Treg imbalance remains unknown. METHODS: Here, we examined the percentage of Th17 cells, the percentage of Tregs and the α-Syn level and analysed their correlations in the peripheral blood of PD patients and in the substantia nigra pars compacta (SNpc) and spleen of MPTP-treated mice and A53 transgenic mice. We assessed the effect of α-Syn on the stability and function of Tregs and the differentiation of Th17 cells and evaluated the role of retinoid-related orphan nuclear receptor (RORγt) upregulation in α-Syn stimulation in vivo and in vitro. RESULTS: We found that the α-Syn level and severity of motor symptoms were positively correlated with the increase in Th17 cells and decrease in Tregs in PD patients. Moreover, α-Syn stimulation led to the loss of Forkhead box protein P3 (FOXP3) expression in Tregs, accompanied by the acquisition of IL-17A expression. Increased Th17 differentiation was detected upon α-Syn stimulation when naïve CD4+ T cells were cultured under Th17-polarizing conditions. Mechanistically, α-Syn promotes the transcription of RORC, encoding RORγt, in Tregs and Th17 cells, leading to increased Th17 differentiation and loss of Treg function. Intriguingly, the increase in Th17 cells, decrease in Tregs and apoptosis of DA were suppressed by a RORγt inhibitor (GSK805) in MPTP-treated mice. CONCLUSION: Together, our data suggest that α-Syn promotes the transcription of RORC in circulating CD4+ T cells, including Tregs and Th17 cells, to impair the stability of Tregs and promote the differentiation of Th17 cells in PD. Inhibition of RORγt attenuated the apoptosis of DA and alleviated the increase in Th17 cells and decrease in Tregs in PD.

12.
Ecol Lett ; 2022 Nov 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36331162

RESUMO

Understanding the formation of feeding links provides insights into processes underlying food webs. Generally, predators feed on prey within a certain body-size range, but a systematic quantification of such feeding niches is lacking. We developed a size-constrained feeding-niche (SCFN) model and parameterized it with information on both realized and non-realized feeding links in 72 aquatic and 65 terrestrial food webs. Our analyses revealed profound differences in feeding niches between aquatic and terrestrial predators and variation along a temperature gradient. Specifically, the predator-prey body-size ratio and the range in prey sizes increase with the size of aquatic predators, whereas they are nearly constant across gradients in terrestrial predator size. Overall, our SCFN model well reproduces the feeding relationships and predation architecture across 137 natural food webs (including 3878 species and 136,839 realized links). Our results illuminate the organisation of natural food webs and enables novel trait-based and environment-explicit modelling approaches.

13.
Front Rehabil Sci ; 3: 1005168, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36211830

RESUMO

Survivors of traumatic brain injury (TBI) have an unpredictable clinical course. This unpredictability makes clinical resource allocation for clinicians and anticipatory guidance for patients difficult. Historically, experienced clinicians and traditional statistical models have insufficiently considered all available clinical information to predict functional outcomes for a TBI patient. Here, we harness artificial intelligence and apply machine learning and statistical models to predict the Functional Independence Measure (FIM) scores after rehabilitation for traumatic brain injury (TBI) patients. Tree-based algorithmic analysis of 629 TBI patients admitted to a large acute rehabilitation facility showed statistically significant improvement in motor and cognitive FIM scores at discharge.

14.
J Transl Med ; 20(1): 473, 2022 10 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36266726

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: As a key process in transcriptional regulatory mechanisms, alternative splicing (AS) plays a crucial role in maintaining the diversity of RNA and protein expression, and mediates the immune response in infectious diseases, especially for the COVID-19. Therefore, urgent data gathering and more research of AS profiles in microbe-infected human cells are needed to improve understanding of COVID-19 and related infectious diseases. Herein, we have created CASA, the COVID-19 Alternative Splicing Atlas to provide a convenient computing platform for studies of AS in COVID-19 and COVID-19-related infectious diseases. METHODS: In CASA, we reanalyzed thousands of RNA-seq datasets generated from 65 different tissues, organoids and cell lines to systematically obtain quantitative data on AS events under different conditions. A total of 262,994 AS events from various infectious diseases with differing severity were detected and visualized in this database. In order to explore the potential function of dynamics AS events, we performed analysis of functional annotations and drug-target interactions affected by AS in each dataset. RNA-binding proteins (RBPs), which may regulate these dynamic AS events are also provided for users in this database. RESULTS: CASA displays microbe-induced alterations of the host cell splicing landscape across different virus families and helps users identify condition-specific splicing patterns, as well as their potential regulators. CASA may greatly facilitate the exploration of AS profiles and novel mechanisms of host cell splicing by viral manipulation. CASA is freely available at http://www.splicedb.net/casa/ .


Assuntos
Processamento Alternativo , COVID-19 , Humanos , Processamento Alternativo/genética , COVID-19/genética , Splicing de RNA , Proteínas de Ligação a RNA/genética , RNA/metabolismo
15.
Int J Mol Sci ; 23(19)2022 Sep 26.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36232673

RESUMO

Atopic dermatitis (AD) is a chronic and recurrent inflammatory skin disease, characterized by severe itching and recurrent skin lesions. We hypothesized that a novel treatment involving calcium-based antimicrobial peptide compounds (CAPCS), a combination of natural calcium extracted from marine shellfish, and a variety of antimicrobial peptides, may be beneficial for AD. We established a dinitrofluorobenzene (DNFB)-induced AD model in BALB/c mice to test our hypothesis. We observed mouse behavior and conducted histopathological and immunohistochemical analyses on skin lesions before and after CAPCS treatment. We also characterized the changes in the levels of cytokines, inflammatory mediators, and Toll-like receptors (TLRs) in plasma and skin lesions. The results showed that (i) topical application of CAPCS ameliorated AD-like skin lesions and reduced scratching behavior in BALB/c mice; (ii) CAPCS suppressed infiltration of inflammatory cells and inhibited the expression of inflammatory cytokines in AD-like skin lesions; (iii) CAPCS reduced plasma levels of inflammatory cytokines; and (iv) CAPCS inhibited TLR2 and TLR4 protein expression in skin lesions. Topical application of CAPCS exhibits a therapeutic effect on AD by inhibiting inflammatory immune responses via recruiting helper T cells and engaging the TLR2 and TLR4 signaling pathways. Therefore, CAPCS may be useful for the treatment of AD.


Assuntos
Dermatite Atópica , Animais , Peptídeos Antimicrobianos , Cálcio/farmacologia , Citocinas/metabolismo , Dermatite Atópica/induzido quimicamente , Dermatite Atópica/tratamento farmacológico , Dinitrofluorbenzeno/farmacologia , Mediadores da Inflamação/farmacologia , Camundongos , Camundongos Endogâmicos BALB C , Pele/patologia , Linfócitos T Auxiliares-Indutores/metabolismo , Receptor 2 Toll-Like , Receptor 4 Toll-Like/uso terapêutico
16.
Viruses ; 14(10)2022 10 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36298827

RESUMO

Host-virus protein interactions are critical for intracellular viral propagation. Understanding the interactions between cellular and viral proteins may help us develop new antiviral strategies. Porcine epidemic diarrhea virus (PEDV) is a highly contagious coronavirus that causes severe damage to the global swine industry. Here, we employed co-immunoprecipitation and liquid chromatography-mass spectrometry to characterize 426 unique PEDV nucleocapsid (N) protein-binding proteins in infected Vero cells. A protein-protein interaction network (PPI) was created, and gene ontology (GO) annotation and Kyoto Encyclopedia of Genes and Genomes (KEGG) database analyses revealed that the PEDV N-bound proteins belong to different cellular pathways, such as nucleic acid binding, ribonucleoprotein complex binding, RNA methyltransferase, and polymerase activities. Interactions of the PEDV N protein with 11 putative proteins: tripartite motif containing 21, DEAD-box RNA helicase 24, G3BP stress granule assembly factor 1, heat shock protein family A member 8, heat shock protein 90 alpha family class B member 1, YTH domain containing 1, nucleolin, Y-box binding protein 1, vimentin, heterogeneous nuclear ribonucleoprotein A2/B1, and karyopherin subunit alpha 1, were further confirmed by in vitro co-immunoprecipitation assay. In summary, studying an interaction network can facilitate the identification of antiviral therapeutic strategies and novel targets for PEDV infection.


Assuntos
Infecções por Coronavirus , Ácidos Nucleicos , Vírus da Diarreia Epidêmica Suína , Doenças dos Suínos , Chlorocebus aethiops , Suínos , Animais , Vírus da Diarreia Epidêmica Suína/genética , Vimentina/metabolismo , Células Vero , Nucleocapsídeo/metabolismo , Proteínas do Nucleocapsídeo/genética , Proteínas Virais/metabolismo , Infecções por Coronavirus/metabolismo , Antivirais/metabolismo , RNA/metabolismo , Proteínas de Choque Térmico/metabolismo , Metiltransferases/metabolismo , Ribonucleoproteínas Nucleares Heterogêneas/metabolismo , RNA Helicases DEAD-box/metabolismo , Ribonucleoproteínas/metabolismo , Carioferinas/metabolismo , Ácidos Nucleicos/metabolismo
18.
ACS Appl Mater Interfaces ; 14(42): 47863-47871, 2022 Oct 26.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36239389

RESUMO

P2-type Na0.67MnO2 with a stable structure and an open framework can provide numerous channels for fast Na+ de/intercalation, for which it is considered to be advantageous in application of the cathode material for Na-ion batteries. However, the complex phase transition occurring during cycling and the lattice distortion triggered by the Jahn-Teller effect severely restrict its development. Herein, the modified Na0.67MnO2 with Cu or Fe single-element doping as well as Cu and Fe double-element doping was synthesized by the sol-gel method, and the effects of doping on the crystal structure and electrochemical performances of Na0.67MnO2 were studied. It was demonstrated that the phase of the material did not change after the introduction of Cu and Fe elements, and the cycling stability and rate performance were greatly improved by Cu and Fe double-doping owing to their synergistic effect. The Na0.67Mn0.92Fe0.04Cu0.04O2 (NMFCO) cathode delivers discharge specific capacities of 110.5 mA h g-1 at 5 C and 91.8 mA h g-1 at 10 C and exhibits the high-capacity retention of 94.35% at 1 C and 90.68% at 5 C after 100 cycles. Overall, this study offers a guiding direction for accelerating the modification of P2-type Na0.67MnO2 as a cathode active material for high performance Na-ion batteries.

19.
Genome Biol ; 23(1): 210, 2022 10 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36221136

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Estimating and accounting for hidden variables is widely practiced as an important step in molecular quantitative trait locus (molecular QTL, henceforth "QTL") analysis for improving the power of QTL identification. However, few benchmark studies have been performed to evaluate the efficacy of the various methods developed for this purpose. RESULTS: Here we benchmark popular hidden variable inference methods including surrogate variable analysis (SVA), probabilistic estimation of expression residuals (PEER), and hidden covariates with prior (HCP) against principal component analysis (PCA)-a well-established dimension reduction and factor discovery method-via 362 synthetic and 110 real data sets. We show that PCA not only underlies the statistical methodology behind the popular methods but is also orders of magnitude faster, better-performing, and much easier to interpret and use. CONCLUSIONS: To help researchers use PCA in their QTL analysis, we provide an R package PCAForQTL along with a detailed guide, both of which are freely available at https://github.com/heatherjzhou/PCAForQTL . We believe that using PCA rather than SVA, PEER, or HCP will substantially improve and simplify hidden variable inference in QTL mapping as well as increase the transparency and reproducibility of QTL research.


Assuntos
Modelos Genéticos , Locos de Características Quantitativas , Mapeamento Cromossômico/métodos , Análise de Componente Principal , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes
20.
BMC Palliat Care ; 21(1): 157, 2022 Sep 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36085142

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: To develop a questionnaire to evaluate the willingness of Chinese health care workers to implement an advance care planning (ACP) program for patients in a Chinese cultural context. METHODS: Guided by the framework of the theory of planned behavior (TPB), a literature analysis and semi-structured interviews were conducted to create a pool of questionnaire items, and then the initial assessment questionnaire was developed by two rounds of expert consultations. A random sampling method was used to pre-survey 204 health care workers in community health service centers (CHSCs) in three urban areas of Hangzhou, Zhejiang Province. The final questionnaire was derived from item analysis and exploratory factor analysis. RESULTS: Based on exploratory factor analysis, five common factors were identified from the questionnaire on community health care workers'(CHWs) willingness to implement ACP. In general, the content validity of the questionnaire was 0.91, and the content validity of each of the entries ranged from 0.80 to 1.00, indicating acceptable overall questionnaire content validity. The total Cronbach coefficient for the questionnaire was 0.966, the Cronbach coefficient for each dimension ranged from 0.865 to 0.954, and the retest reliability was 0.856. The questionnaire produced a final draft containing five dimensions (behavioral attitudes, subjective norms, direct control, indirect control, and behavioral intentions) and 30 items. CONCLUSION: The questionnaire on the willingness of CHWs to implement ACP was validated and found to be reliable.


Assuntos
Planejamento Antecipado de Cuidados , Agentes Comunitários de Saúde , China , Humanos , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes , Inquéritos e Questionários
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