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1.
J Biol Chem ; : 100479, 2021 Feb 25.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33640454

RESUMO

Nucleoside homeostasis, which is mediated by transporters and channels, is essential for all life on Earth. In Escherichia coli, NupG mediates the transport of nucleosides and was deemed to be the prototype of the nucleoside proton symporter (NHS) family as well as the major facilitator superfamily (MFS). To date, the substrate recognition and transport mechanisms of NHS transporters are still elusive. Here, we report two crystal structures of NupG (wild-type and D323A NupG) resolved at 3.0 Å. Both structures reveal an identical inward-open conformation. Together with molecular docking and molecular dynamics simulations and in vitro uridine-binding assays, we found that the uridine binding site, which locates in the central cavity between N and C domains of NupG, is constituted by R136, T140, F143, Q225, N228, Q261, E264, Y318, and F322. Moreover, we found that D323 is very important for substrate binding via in vitro uridine-binding assays using D323 mutations, even though it does not have direct contact with uridine. Our structural and biochemical data therefore provide an important framework for the mechanistic understanding of nucleoside transporters of the NHS family.

2.
Bull Cancer ; 2021 Jan 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33423775

RESUMO

Autophagy refers to the formation of autophagosomes by membrane wrapping part of the cytoplasm and the organelles and proteins that need to be degraded in the cells. Autophagosomes are fused with lysosomes to form autophagolysosome, which degrade the contents of the inclusions, to achieve cell homeostasis and organelle renewal. The regulatory mechanism of autophagy is complex, and its upstream signaling pathway mainly involves mTOR dependent pathway and mTOR independent pathway (AMPK, PI3K, Ras-MAPK, p53, PTEN, endoplasmic reticulum stress). Autophagy is a phenomenon of "self-eating" in cells. Apoptosis is a phenomenon of "self-killing". Both of them share the same stimulating factors and regulatory proteins, but the threshold of induction is different. How to transform and coordinate is not clear at present. This paper summarizes the history of autophagy discovery, the structure and function of related molecules, the biological function of autophagy, the regulatory mechanism and the research results of the relationship between autophagy and apoptosis.

3.
Entropy (Basel) ; 22(11)2020 Oct 22.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33286959

RESUMO

Crashes that involved large trucks often result in immense human, economic, and social losses. To prevent and mitigate severe large truck crashes, factors contributing to the severity of these crashes need to be identified before appropriate countermeasures can be explored. In this research, we applied three tree-based machine learning (ML) techniques, i.e., random forest (RF), gradient boost decision tree (GBDT), and adaptive boosting (AdaBoost), to analyze the factors contributing to the severity of large truck crashes. Besides, a mixed logit model was developed as a baseline model to compare with the factors identified by the ML models. The analysis was performed based on the crash data collected from the Texas Crash Records Information System (CRIS) from 2011 to 2015. The results of this research demonstrated that the GBDT model outperforms other ML methods in terms of its prediction accuracy and its capability in identifying more contributing factors that were also identified by the mixed logit model as significant factors. Besides, the GBDT method can effectively identify both categorical and numerical factors, and the directions and magnitudes of the impacts of the factors identified by the GBDT model are all reasonable and explainable. Among the identified factors, driving under the influence of drugs, alcohol, and fatigue are the most important factors contributing to the severity of large truck crashes. In addition, the exists of curbs and medians and lanes and shoulders with sufficient width can prevent severe large truck crashes.

4.
Mol Cell Biol ; 2020 Dec 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33288643

RESUMO

The aim of current study was to explore the mechanism of miR-142-5p in cervical cancer through mediating the PIK3AP1/P13K/AKT axis. To this end, RT-qPCR and Western blot analysis results revealed that miR-142-5p was poorly expressed, whereas PIK3AP1 was highly expressed in cervical cancer tissues and cells. Furthermore, miR-142-5p was hypermethylated in cervical cancer, as reflected by MS-PCR and ChIP assessment of enrichment of DNMT1/DNMT3a/DNMT3b in the promoter region of miR-142-5p. A target binding relationship between miR-142-5p and PIK3AP1 was established, showing that miR-142-5p targeted and inhibited the expression of PIK3AP1. Loss- and gain- function assays were conducted to determine the roles of miR-142-5p and PIK3AP1 in cervical cancer cells. CCK-8, flow cytometry and Transwell assay results revealed that overexpression of miR-142-5p in cervical cancer cells downregulated PIK3AP1 and inhibited the P13K/AKT signaling pathway, leading to reduced proliferation, migration, and invasion capacity of cervical cancer cells, but enhanced apoptosis. Collectively, epigenetic regulation of miR-142-5p targeted PIK3AP1 to inactivate the P13K/AKT signaling pathway, thus suppressing development of cervical cancer, which presents new targets for the treatment of cervical cancer.

5.
Cardiol J ; 2020 Nov 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33140384

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The current study sought to assess the impact of the intraprocedural heart rhythm (sinus rhythm [SR] vs. atrial fibrillation [AF]) on acute procedural characteristics, durability of pulmonary vein isolation (PVI) and long-term clinical outcomes of cryoballoon (CB) ablation. METHODS: A total of 195 patients with symptomatic paroxysmal (n = 136) or persistent AF (n = 59) underwent CB-based PVI. Ablation procedures were either performed in SR (SR group; n = 147) or during AF (AF group; n = 48). Persistent AF was more frequent in the AF group than in the SR group (62% vs. 20%). All other patient baseline characteristics did not differ between the two groups. RESULTS: The nadir temperature during the CB applications was significantly lower in the AF group than in patients in the SR group (-49 [interquartile range, -44; -54]°C vs. -47 [-42; -52]°C, p = 0.002). Median procedure and fluoroscopy times as well as the rate of real-time recordings were not different between the two groups. Repeat ablation for the treatment of atrial arrhythmia recurrence was performed in 60 patients (SR: 44 [30%] patients; AF: 16 [33%] patients), with a trend towards a lower rate of PV reconnections in the AF group (p = 0.07). There was no difference in 3-year arrhythmia-free survival (p = 0.8). CONCLUSIONS: Cryoballoon-based PVI during AF results in lower nadir balloon temperatures and a trend towards a higher durability of PVI as compared to procedures performed in SR. The rate of real-time PVI recordings was not affected by the intraprocedural heart rhythm.

6.
Hua Xi Kou Qiang Yi Xue Za Zhi ; 38(5): 537-540, 2020 Oct 01.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33085238

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To study the stress distribution under dynamic loading in the presence or absence of an abutment buffer layer by using three-dimensional finite element analysis. METHODS: A three-dimensional solid geometric model of an implant in a human mandible was established on the basis of CT scan data. A buffer-free abutment prosthesis and a buffer-abutment abutment prosthesis were installed above the implant. The buffer layer was made of high-density polyethylene. A vertical load of 200 N and a horizontal load of 100 N (45°) were concentrated on the centers of the implant restorations of the two groups. Stresses on the implant neck and body, abutment neck and body, central bolt neck and body, and bone interface were compared via three-dimensional finite element analysis. RESULTS: Stresses on the implant neck and body, abutment neck and body, central bolt neck and body, and bone interface on the abutment with a buffer layer were significantly lower than those on the abutment without a buffer layer. CONCLUSIONS: The increase in the buffer layer of the abutment neck significantly reduced stress on the implant neck, abutment, central bolt neck, and bone interface.


Assuntos
Dente Suporte , Implantes Dentários , Análise do Estresse Dentário , Análise de Elementos Finitos , Humanos , Estresse Mecânico
7.
J Am Chem Soc ; 142(39): 16894-16902, 2020 Sep 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32945664

RESUMO

Although tremendous effort has been devoted to the development of methods for iron catalysis, few of the catalysts reported to date exhibit clear superiority to other metal catalysts, and the mechanisms of most iron catalysis remain unclear. Herein, we report that iron complexes bearing 2,9-diaryl-1,10-phenanthroline ligands exhibit not only unprecedented catalytic activity but also unusual ligand-controlled divergent regioselectivity in hydrosilylation reactions of various alkynes. The hydrosilylation protocol described herein provides a highly efficient method for preparing useful di- and trisubstituted olefins on a relatively large scale under mild conditions, and its use markedly improved the synthetic efficiency of a number of bioactive compounds. Mechanistic studies based on control experiments and density functional theory calculations were performed to understand the catalytic pathway and the observed regioselectivity.

8.
Am J Mens Health ; 14(4): 1557988320933758, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32804026

RESUMO

A sexual abstinence period (SAP) lasting for 2-7 days is recommended before undertaking semen analyses. However, there is no consensus regarding the length of the SAP for couples using assisted reproductive technology (ART). Therefore, a meta-analysis was performed to compare the effect of short SAPs (less than 4 days) and long SAPs (4-7 days) on the clinical outcomes of fresh embryo transfer cycles after ART. A total of four studies were included in the meta-analysis. Although the fertilization rate in short SAP couples was higher than that in long SAP couples, a pooled analysis demonstrated that it was not statistically significant (p = .09). The implantation rate was, however, significantly higher in short SAP couples (p = .0001). The pooled analysis revealed that the pregnancy rate was significantly higher in short SAP couples than that in long SAP couples. The overall odds ratio (OR) for the pregnancy rate was 1.44 (p = .0006). No significant difference in miscarriage rates between the short and long SAP couples was found (p = .88). The meta-analysis indicates that a shorter abstinence period could result in higher implantation and pregnancy rates for patients undertaking ART treatments.

9.
Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A ; 117(34): 20741-20752, 2020 08 25.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32788346

RESUMO

Unresolved inflammation can lead to tissue fibrosis and impaired organ function. Macrophage-myofibroblast transition (MMT) is one newly identified mechanism by which ongoing chronic inflammation causes progressive fibrosis in different forms of kidney disease. However, the mechanisms underlying MMT are still largely unknown. Here, we discovered a brain-specific homeobox/POU domain protein Pou4f1 (Brn3a) as a specific regulator of MMT. Interestingly, we found that Pou4f1 is highly expressed by macrophages undergoing MMT in sites of fibrosis in human and experimental kidney disease, identified by coexpression of the myofibroblast marker, α-SMA. Unexpectedly, Pou4f1 expression peaked in the early stage in renal fibrogenesis in vivo and during MMT of bone marrow-derived macrophages (BMDMs) in vitro. Mechanistically, chromatin immunoprecipitation (ChIP) assay identified that Pou4f1 is a Smad3 target and the key downstream regulator of MMT, while microarray analysis defined a Pou4f1-dependent fibrogenic gene network for promoting TGF-ß1/Smad3-driven MMT in BMDMs at the transcriptional level. More importantly, using two mouse models of progressive renal interstitial fibrosis featuring the MMT process, we demonstrated that adoptive transfer of TGF-ß1-stimulated BMDMs restored both MMT and renal fibrosis in macrophage-depleted mice, which was prevented by silencing Pou4f1 in transferred BMDMs. These findings establish a role for Pou4f1 in MMT and renal fibrosis and suggest that Pou4f1 may be a therapeutic target for chronic kidney disease with progressive renal fibrosis.


Assuntos
Proteína Smad3/metabolismo , Fator de Transcrição Brn-3A/genética , Fator de Crescimento Transformador beta1/metabolismo , Animais , Feminino , Fibrose/fisiopatologia , Redes Reguladoras de Genes , Humanos , Inflamação/patologia , Rim/patologia , Nefropatias/genética , Macrófagos/metabolismo , Masculino , Camundongos , Camundongos Endogâmicos C57BL , Miofibroblastos/metabolismo , Transdução de Sinais/genética , Fator de Transcrição Brn-3A/metabolismo , Fator de Transcrição Brn-3A/fisiologia , Fator de Crescimento Transformador beta/metabolismo , Sistema Urinário/metabolismo
10.
Int J Neuropsychopharmacol ; 23(7): 459-468, 2020 Jul 29.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32725129

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Systemic administration of noncompetitive N-methyl-D-aspartate receptor (NMDAR) antagonists such as MK-801 is widely used to model psychosis of schizophrenia (SZ). Acute systemic MK-801 in rodents caused an increase of the auditory steady-state responses (ASSRs), the oscillatory neural responses to periodic auditory stimulation, while most studies in patients with SZ reported a decrease of ASSRs. This inconsistency may be attributable to the comprehensive effects of systemic administration of MK-801. Here, we examined how the ASSR is affected by selectively blocking NMDAR in the thalamus. METHODS: We implanted multiple electrodes in the auditory cortex (AC) and prefrontal cortex to simultaneously record the local field potential and spike activity (SA) of multiple sites from awake mice. Click-trains at a 40-Hz repetition rate were used to evoke the ASSR. We compared the mean trial power and phase-locking factor and the firing rate of SA before and after microinjection of MK-801 (1.5 µg) into the medial geniculate body (MGB). RESULTS: We found that both the AC and prefrontal cortex showed a transient local field potential response at the onset of click-train stimulus, which was less affected by the application of MK-801 in the MGB. Following the onset response, the AC also showed a response continuing throughout the stimulus period, corresponding to the ASSR, which was suppressed by the application of MK-801. CONCLUSION: Our data suggest that the MGB is one of the generators of ASSR, and NMDAR hypofunction in the thalamocortical projection may account for the ASSR deficits in SZ.

11.
ACS Omega ; 5(25): 15210-15217, 2020 Jun 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32637794

RESUMO

A novel composite phase change material (PCM) for thermal energy storage was prepared by adding graphene oxide (GO) to melted disodium hydrogen phosphate dodecahydrate (DHPD, Na2HPO4·12H2O), which was then impregnated into expanded vermiculite (EV). Because of the addition of GO, the contact angle between melted DHPD and EV was decreased from 56 to 45°. The maximum latent heat of the composite PCM without GO was 167 J/g, which was improved to 229 J/g by adding 0.2 wt % GO. The phase change temperature of the composite PCM was around 42 °C. The results from X-ray diffraction, scanning electron microscopy, and contact angle tests revealed that the improvement in thermal energy storage was achieved because of the reduction of crystal water loss and the increased encapsulation amount of salt hydrates. Thus, the thermal stability of the composite PCM was improved by the addition of GO, which was demonstrated by thermogravimetric analysis. The results of all analyses indicate that the addition of a low weight fraction GO can promote the performance of salt hydrates existing in EV.

12.
J Am Soc Nephrol ; 31(5): 946-961, 2020 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32253273

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The serine/threonine kinases MST1 and MST2 are core components of the Hippo pathway, which has been found to be critically involved in embryonic kidney development. Yes-associated protein (YAP) and transcriptional coactivator with PDZ-binding motif (TAZ) are the pathway's main effectors. However, the biologic functions of the Hippo/YAP pathway in adult kidneys are not well understood, and the functional role of MST1 and MST2 in the kidney has not been studied. METHODS: We used immunohistochemistry to examine expression in mouse kidneys of MST1 and MST2, homologs of Hippo in Drosophila. We generated mice with tubule-specific double knockout of Mst1 and Mst2 or triple knockout of Mst1, Mst2, and Yap. PCR array and mouse inner medullary collecting duct cells were used to identify the primary target of Mst1/Mst2 deficiency. RESULTS: MST1 and MST2 were predominantly expressed in the tubular epithelial cells of adult kidneys. Deletion of Mst1/Mst2 in renal tubules increased activity of YAP but not TAZ. The kidneys of mutant mice showed progressive inflammation, tubular and glomerular damage, fibrosis, and functional impairment; these phenotypes were largely rescued by deletion of Yap in renal tubules. TNF-α expression was induced via both YAP-dependent and YAP-independent mechanisms, and TNF-α and YAP amplified the signaling activities of each other in the tubules of kidneys with double knockout of Mst1/Mst2. CONCLUSIONS: Our findings show that tubular Mst1/Mst2 deficiency leads to CKD through both the YAP and non-YAP pathways and that tubular YAP activation induces renal fibrosis. The pathogenesis seems to involve the reciprocal stimulation of TNF-α and YAP signaling activities.

13.
Opt Express ; 28(4): 4661-4673, 2020 Feb 17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32121699

RESUMO

In this paper, we have derived the analytical formulae for the cross-spectral densities of partially coherent Gaussian vortex beams propagating in a gradient-index (GRIN) fiber. In numerical analysis, the variations of the intensity and the phase distributions are demonstrated to illustrate the change in singularities within a GRIN fiber. It turns out that the beam intensity and phase distribution change periodically in the propagation process. The partially coherent Gaussian vortex beams do not typically possess the center intensity zero in the focal plane, which usually called 'hidden' singularities in intensities detection. We demonstrated the phase singularities more clearly by the phase distribution, one finds that the phase vortex of a partially coherent beam will crack near the focus, and opposite topological charge will be generated, we attribute to the wave-front decomposition and reconstruction of the vortex beams by the GRIN fiber. Our results show that the change in phase singularities not only affected by the GRIN fiber, but also by the initial coherence of the beam source, and high initial coherence will be more conducive to maintaining the phase singularities in the propagation. Our results may find applications in singular optics, wave-front reconstruction and optical fiber communications.

14.
J Neuroinflammation ; 17(1): 31, 2020 Jan 23.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31973738

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: Autoantibodies against ribosomal P proteins (anti-P antibodies) are strongly associated with the neuropsychiatric manifestations of systemic lupus erythematosus (NPSLE). The present study was designed to assess whether anti-P antibodies can induce abnormal brain electrical activities in mice and investigate the potential cytopathological mechanism. METHODS: Affinity-purified human anti-ribosomal P antibodies were injected intravenously into mice after blood-brain barrier (BBB) disruption. The auditory steady-state response (ASSR) was evaluated based on electroencephalography (EEG) signals in response to 40-Hz click-train stimuli, which were recorded from electrodes implanted in the skull of mice. Immunofluorescence staining was used to examine the morphology and density of neurons and glia in the hippocampus and cortex. The presence of apoptosis in the brain tissues was studied using the TUNEL assay. A PLX3397 diet was used to selectively eliminate microglia from the brains of mice. RESULTS: Circulating anti-P antibodies caused an enhancement of the ASSR and the activation of microglia through the disrupted BBB, while no obvious neural apoptosis was observed. In contrast, when microglia were depleted, anti-P antibodies induced a serious reduction in the ASSR and neural apoptosis. CONCLUSION: Our study indicates that anti-P antibodies can directly induce the dysfunction of auditory-evoked potentials in the brain and that microglia are involved in the protection of neural activity after the invasion of anti-P antibodies, which could have important implications for NPSLE.


Assuntos
Autoanticorpos/toxicidade , Potenciais Evocados Auditivos/efeitos dos fármacos , Vasculite Associada ao Lúpus do Sistema Nervoso Central/imunologia , Microglia/imunologia , Proteínas Ribossômicas/imunologia , Animais , Autoanticorpos/imunologia , Autoantígenos/imunologia , Encéfalo/efeitos dos fármacos , Encéfalo/imunologia , Humanos , Imunoglobulina G/imunologia , Imunoglobulina G/toxicidade , Masculino , Camundongos , Camundongos Endogâmicos C57BL
15.
J Interv Card Electrophysiol ; 58(1): 21-27, 2020 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31230178

RESUMO

PURPOSE: Restoration of sinus rhythm in patients with persistent atrial fibrillation (ps. AF) induces reverse atrial remodeling and improvement of left ventricular function. We evaluated the effect of ablative treatment on cardiac remodeling after a long follow-up period of 7 years by cardiovascular magnetic resonance (CMR). METHODS: Patients with symptomatic ps. AF underwent CMR within 7 days prior to the ablation procedure. Left atrial and ventricular volumes were measured. All patients underwent circumferential pulmonary vein isolation. At the end of follow-up (FU), a CMR and 7-day ECG registration were performed. RESULTS: Forty-two patients (67 ± 9 years) were included. After a FU of 86 ± 13 months, 23 patients had a successful outcome. In these patients, LVEF improved from 56 ± 5 to 62 ± 4% (p = 0.02), but left atrial volume and ejection fraction (LAV, LAEF) remained unchanged (105 ± 25 to 98 ± 34, p = 0.44; 34 ± 10 to 36 ± 11, p = 0.6, respectively). In 14 patients with a BMI < 30 and no left ventricular hypertrophy (LVH), LAV decreased (104 ± 30 to 82 ± 26 ml, p = 0.01) and LAEF improved (33 ± 12 to 40 ± 11%, p = 0.03). In 9 patients with successful outcome and either BMI ≥ 30 or LVH, LAV increased (110 ± 26 to 125 ± 30 ml, p = 0.03) and LAEF deteriorated (35 ± 11 to 31 ± 10%, p = 0.04). CONCLUSIONS: Successful ablative treatment of atrial fibrillation is associated with reverse left atrial remodeling and improvement of left atrial and ventricular function. In patients with a BMI ≥ 30 or left ventricular hypertrophy, further left atrial enlargement occurs despite successful outcome.

16.
Pathol Oncol Res ; 26(3): 1757-1766, 2020 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31650338

RESUMO

This study aimed to investigate the function of lncRNA HEIH on promoting endometrial cancer cells' tolerance of paclitaxel (PTX). LncRNA HEIH expression was measured by QRT-PCR in endometrial cancer tissues, human healthy tissues and cell lines. The PTX-resistant endometrial cancer cells (Ishikawa-RE and HHUA-RE) were intermittently exposed to increase concentrations of PTX and were constructed as evidenced by MTT assay. Besides, the specific siRNA of HEIH (siHEIH) and pcDNA3.1-HEIH plasmid transfection were utilized to alter the expression of HEIH in the cells and investigate the effects of HEIH on resistance to PTX in endometrial cancer cells. Moreover, MTT, colony formation and apoptosis analysis were taken advantage to evaluate cell viability and proliferation when treated with PTX. Then, differential genes in PTX-resistant and HEIH-knock-down PTX-resistant endometrial cancer cells were screened out by microarray analysis. Finally, gene-set enrichment analysis was used to predict the promising signaling pathway of HEIH and western blotting analysis were performed to verify the relevant genes expression of MAPK signaling pathway. LncRNA HEIH, the dysregulation of which involved in production of drug-resistance, was overexpressed in PTX-resistant endometrial cancer cells. Up-regulating HEIH would activate MAPK pathway, promote chemo-resistance of endometrial cancer cells and enhance cell proliferation and viability, whereas silencing HEIH depressed the MAPK signaling pathway, contributed to restoring chemo-sensitivity to PTX and repressed cell physiological process. Down-regulating lncRNA HEIH expression reversed the PTX-resistance of endometrial cancer cells through MAPK signaling pathway.

17.
Spectrochim Acta A Mol Biomol Spectrosc ; 229: 117859, 2020 Mar 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31784225

RESUMO

Multicolor emissive carbon dots (CDs) have potential applications in many fields such as photoelectric display, light-emitting devices, and bioimaging. Such CDs by heteroatom doping of nitrogen elements assisted with various solvents has achieved recently, yet generally low efficiency in red-light region. Herein, we developed a facile route to synthesize multicolor-emissive CDs governed by a solvothermal method of tetrahydrofuran solvent. The maximum emission locates at 432, 510, and 584 nm with the absolute FL QYs up to 21.1%, 11.0%, and 55.4% for selected B-CDs, G-CDs, and YG-CDs, respectively. By means of the analysis on their PL spectra, fluorescence lifetimes, and microstructures, the different graphitic degrees and surface states formed under the participation of S and N elements in as-prepared CDs determine the fluorescent color, and large sp2-conjugated domains within the YR-CDs is closely related to high QY. They, likewise, endow the YR-CDs with high sensitivity for ion detections of Ag+ and Fe3+, which was further illustrated to have different quenching mechanisms each other due to the affinity interaction with different surface groups of the CDs. High PL QYs of these CDs emission are beneficial to application in solid lighting, phosphors dried by these CDs solutions were mixed with PVP water solution to fabricate CDs/PVP films. The films exhibited stable fluorescence, and three phosphors were also mixed together in proportion to obtain white-light film with a CIE coordinates of (0.34, 0.34), which demonstrates that these CDs are potentially fluorescent nanomaterial in the solid-state lighting field.

18.
Am J Physiol Renal Physiol ; 317(5): F1217-F1223, 2019 11 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31566437

RESUMO

Highly purified mouse glomeruli are of great value for studying glomerulus-associated kidney diseases. Here, we developed a simple and rapid procedure for mouse glomerular isolation with large quantity and high purity based on the combination of size-selective sieving and differential adhesion techniques, which we termed the "differential adhesion method." In this method, mouse renal cortices were minced and digested with collagenase. Glomeruli were disassociated from tubules by successive sieving through 105-, 75-, and 40-µm cell strainers. The retained glomeruli-rich preparation on the 40-µm strainer was rinsed into a cell culture dish to allow tubules to adhere quickly to the dish while leaving most glomeruli floating (termed "differential adhesion"). The floating glomerular fraction was then subjected to another wash through the 40-µm strainer followed by an additional differential adhesion step to obtain highly purified glomeruli with yields of 8,357 ± 575 and purity of 96.1 ± 1.8% from one adult C57BL/6 mouse. The purity of the isolated glomeruli was further confirmed by high expression of the podocyte marker nephrin without detectable tubular marker cadherin-16. Importantly, we also found that although both the quantity and purity of the isolated glomeruli by this and the established Dynabeads method were comparable, glomeruli isolated by the current method showed much less inflammatory stress in terms of proinflammatory cytokine expression than the Dynabeads method. In conclusion, we established a newly mouse glomerular isolation method that is simple, rapid, cost effective, and productive. It provides an advanced methodology for research into glomerulus-related kidney diseases in the mouse.


Assuntos
Separação Celular/métodos , Glomérulos Renais/anatomia & histologia , Azul Alciano , Animais , Células Cultivadas , Corantes , Técnicas Histológicas , Camundongos , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes , Coloração e Rotulagem
19.
Int J Biol Sci ; 15(9): 1872-1881, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31523189

RESUMO

Glioblastoma is one of the most malignant brain cancers in adults, and it is a fatal disease because of its untimely pathogenetic location detection, infiltrative growth, and unfavorable prognosis. Unfortunately, multimodal treatment with maximal safe resection, chemotherapy and radiation has not increased the survival rate of patients with glioblastoma. Gene- and molecular-targeted therapy is considered to be a promising anticancer strategy for glioblastoma. The identification of novel potential targets in glioblastoma is of high importance. In this study, we found that both the mRNA and protein levels of diacylglycerol kinase ζ (DGKζ) were significantly higher in glioblastoma tissues than in precancerous lesions. The silencing of DGKζ by lentivirus-delivered shRNA reduced glioblastoma cell proliferation and induced G0/G1 phase arrest. Moreover, knockdown of DGKζ expression in U251 cells markedly reduced in vitro colony formation and in vivo tumorigenic capability. Further study showed that DGKζ inhibition resulted in decreases in cyclin D1, p-AKT and p-mTOR. Moreover, the rescue or overexpression of DGKζ in glioblastoma cells demonstrated the oncogenic function of DGKζ. In conclusion, these studies suggest that the suppression of DGKζ may inhibit the tumor growth of glioblastoma cells with high DGKζ expression. Thus, DGKζ might be a potential therapeutic target in malignant glioblastoma.


Assuntos
Neoplasias Encefálicas/metabolismo , Ciclo Celular/fisiologia , Diacilglicerol Quinase/metabolismo , Glioblastoma/metabolismo , Glioma/metabolismo , Animais , Apoptose/genética , Apoptose/fisiologia , Western Blotting , Neoplasias Encefálicas/genética , Ciclo Celular/genética , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Proliferação de Células/genética , Proliferação de Células/fisiologia , Diacilglicerol Quinase/genética , Feminino , Citometria de Fluxo , Regulação Neoplásica da Expressão Gênica/genética , Regulação Neoplásica da Expressão Gênica/fisiologia , Glioblastoma/genética , Glioma/genética , Humanos , Imuno-Histoquímica , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade
20.
Urol Case Rep ; 27: 100989, 2019 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31440453

RESUMO

Kidney cancer is the ninth most common malignancy in the United States. Most kidney cancers are clear cell renal cell carcinoma (RCC) and arise as solid tumors from kidney parenchyma. In the setting of metastatic disease, a primary renal tumor is usually identified, and metastases are often to lung, bone, liver, and brain. Metastatic RCC without an identifiable solid kidney tumor is exceedingly rare. We report the case of a 52 year old male with a rare cutaneous RCC metastasis without an identifiable primary renal tumor.

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