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1.
Sci Total Environ ; 802: 149905, 2022 Jan 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34525710

RESUMO

Immobilizing heavy metals (HMs) from municipal solid waste incineration fly ash (MSWIFA) using shell coal gasification fly ash (SFA)-based geopolymer can solve the energy and environmental challenges simultaneously. In this study, we synthesized a geopolymer with SFA, metakaolin (MK), and steel slag (SS) to solidify and stabilize HMs (Pb, Cr, and Zn) and investigated the early immobilization mechanisms. The results show that the prepared geopolymer possessed high early-age mechanical strength and immobilization efficiency to HMs (>90%), even under the effect of excess HMs. The early immobilization mechanism of the geopolymer for the HMs could be described as follows. (1) Most of HMs were remained in the aluminosilicate. (2) The presence of amorphous zeolite precursor and clay minerals may contribute to restrain the HMs leaching; (3) Pb and Zn were trapped by the gel structure in M-O-Al and M-O-Si forms (M = Pb or Zn), whereas Cr (VI) was reduced to Cr (III). (4) Cr might involve in the geopolymerization of [SiO4] and [AlO4]- units. (5) The immobilization process of Pb and Zn in the geopolymer could be described as crystal growth (NG) - phase boundary reaction (I) - NG - I - diffusion (D), whereas that of Cr is prolonged to NG-I-NG-I-NG-I-D.


Assuntos
Metais Pesados , Eliminação de Resíduos , Carbono , Carvão Mineral , Cinza de Carvão , Incineração , Chumbo , Metais Pesados/análise , Material Particulado , Resíduos Sólidos , Zinco
2.
J Colloid Interface Sci ; 606(Pt 1): 873-883, 2022 Jan 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34428683

RESUMO

The development of available dual-function electrocatalysts is of great significance to the effective storage of excess electricity. Here, we obtained a three-dimensional Co(OH)2 nanosheet with high surface area on nickel foam (Co(OH)2/NF) via conventional hydrothermal. NiFe-coated Co(OH)2 nanosheet array (NiFe@Co(OH)2 NSAs/NF) was further constructed by electrodeposition for water splitting. By optimizing and regulating the deposition time, NiFe@Co(OH)2 NSAs/NF with a deposition time of 500 s (NiFe-500@Co(OH)2 NSAs/NF) only needs 98 mV of overpotential and can be stabilized for 100 h for hydrogen evolution at 10 mA cm-2 due to the rich density active components for NiFe alloy/oxyhydroxide layer and interaction with Co(OH)2 nanosheets. Thanks to the excellent 3D nanosheet array structure and the close integration between Co(OH)2 and the upper layer NiFe, NiFe@Co(OH)2 NSAs/NF with a deposition time of 200 s (NiFe-200@Co(OH)2 NSAs/NF) can provide 10 mA cm-2 with only 204 mV and maintain constant catalysis within 100 h. Therefore, the constructed NiFe@Co(OH)2 NSAs/NF (500||200) double-electrode cell for water splitting requires only 1.58 V drive potential and can maintain 24 h durability at 10 mA cm-2. The design of the catalyst opens up new ideas for the large-scale application of transition metals in water splitting.

3.
J Hazard Mater ; 423(Pt A): 126982, 2022 Feb 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34461537

RESUMO

Terrestrial invertebrates are often used as indicator organisms in ecological risk assessments. However, determining the risk of metals to invertebrates is laborious and time-consuming due to the lengthy testing and ethical approval procedures. In this study, a review of the literature was conducted to provide toxicity data for two standard soils (OECD and LUFA 2.2). An attempt was made to establish models for predicting the toxicity of elements to invertebrates using quantitative ion character-activity relationships (QICARs). In OECD soil, the element toxicity of four groups (Enchytraeus albidus mortality and reproduction, Folsomia candida and Eisenia fetida reproduction) showed significant correlations with atomic number, atomic mass and atomic ionization potential (0.852 ≤ R2 ≤ 0.989, P < 0.05). For LUFA 2.2 soil, polarization force parameters and boiling point were most significant parameters for toxicity values of F. candida and Enchytraeus crypticus, respectively (0.866 ≤ R2 ≤ 0.962, P < 0.05). Finally, QICAR models were established, and LC50 or EC50 of elements were predicted. Then, models were verified using standard and natural soils, and showed that errors between observed and predicted logLC50/EC50 were mostly < 0.5 orders of magnitude. Thus, the developed QICAR models have potential for predicting the toxicity of elements for soils.

4.
J Healthc Eng ; 2021: 5031667, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34804452

RESUMO

Objective: To explore the correlation between the resistance characteristics of Helicobacter pylori (HP) and antibiotic use density (AUD) in a hospital from 2012 to 2018. Methods: HP strains isolated from Chinese PLA General Hospital from 2012 to 2018 were collected to analyze the drug resistance of clarithromycin, levofloxacin, amoxicillin, and metronidazole, and their correlation with the AUD of the outpatient department and inpatient department was analyzed, respectively. Results: From 2012 to 2018, metronidazole-resistant strains accounted for the largest proportion, followed by clarithromycin and levofloxacin, and amoxicillin-resistant strains accounted for the least. In 2012-2018, the resistance rate of clarithromycin, levofloxacin, amoxicillin, and metronidazole has basically increased year by year; from 2012 to 2018, the highest outpatient AUD in a hospital was amoxicillin, followed by clarithromycin and levofloxacin, metronidazole was the lowest, and the inpatient AUD from high to low was levofloxacin, metronidazole, amoxicillin, and clarithromycin. The drug resistance rate of HP in the hospital from 2012 to 2018 was positively correlated with the AUD of clarithromycin (r = 0.884, P=0.017) and levofloxacin (r = 0.934, P=0.002) in the outpatient department. Conclusions: Helicobacter pylori has the strongest resistance to metronidazole and the worst resistance to amoxicillin in the hospital from 2012 to 2018, being related to the intensity of clarithromycin and levofloxacin in the outpatient department. It may provide certain reference significance for the clinical treatment of Helicobacter pylori.

5.
Am J Physiol Renal Physiol ; 321(6): F771-F784, 2021 12 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34719949

RESUMO

Homozygous mutations in SLC4A4, which encodes the electrogenic Na+/[Formula: see text] cotransporter (NBCe1), cause proximal renal tubular acidosis associated with extrarenal symptoms. Although 17` mutated sites in SLC4A4 have thus far been identified among patients with proximal renal tubular acidosis, the physiological significance of other nonsynonymous single-nucleotide variants (SNVs) remains largely undetermined. Here, we investigated the functional properties of SNVs in NBCe1. From the National Center for Biotechnology Information dbSNP database, we identified 13 SNVs that have not previously been characterized in the highly conserved, transmembrane domains of NBCe1-A. Immunocytochemical analysis revealed that the I551F variant was present predominantly in the cytoplasm in human embryonic kidney (HEK)-293 cells, whereas all other SNVs did not show as dramatic a change in subcellular distribution. Western blot analysis in HEK-293 cells demonstrated that the I551F variant showed impaired glycosylation and a 69% reduction in cell surface levels. To determine the role of I551 in more detail, we examined the significance of various artificial mutants in both nonpolarized HEK-293 cells and polarized Madin-Darby canine kidney cells, which indicated that only I551F substitution resulted in cytoplasmic retention. Moreover, functional analysis using Xenopus oocytes demonstrated that the I551F variant had a significantly reduced activity corresponding to 39% of that of the wild-type, whereas any other SNVs and artificial I551 mutants did not show significant changes in activity. Finally, immunofluorescence experiments in HEK-293 cells indicated that the I551F variant retained wild-type NBCe1-A in the cytoplasm. These data demonstrate that the I551F variant of NBCe1-A shows impaired transport activity predominantly through cytoplasmic retention and suggest that the variant can have a dominant negative effect by forming complexes with wild-type NBCe1-A.NEW & NOTEWORTHY Electrogenic Na+/[Formula: see text] cotransporter 1-A (NBCe1-A) in the proximal tubule regulates the acid/base balance and fluid volume homeostasis. From the National Center for Biotechnology Information dbSNP database, we identified the I551F variant of NBCe1-A, which showed reduced glycosylation, cell surface expression, and transport activity. We also found that the I551F variant can exert a dominant negative effect on wild-type NBCe1-A, suggesting its physiological significance.

6.
ACS Appl Mater Interfaces ; 13(42): 49631-49641, 2021 Oct 27.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34636534

RESUMO

Bioinspired strategies have recently emerged as novel approaches for designing a functionalized nanovector with enhanced tumor targeting and therapeutic efficacy. Herein, a virus-like Fe3O4/Au@C nanovector is described for programmable drug delivery via hierarchical targeting. Specifically, the virus-like Fe3O4/Au@C nanovector is synthesized via a simple hydrothermal process, and then the spiky surface of which is camouflaged via doxorubicin (DOX)-conjugated polyethylene glycol (PEG), constructing an innovative virus-like core/spherical shell biomimetic nanomedicine (Fe3O4/Au@C-DOX-PEG), which is conducive to improve bioavailability and reduce adverse effects. After systemic administration, the as-prepared nanomedicine is capable of facilitating effective tumor accumulation and deep tumor penetration with the assistance of an external magnetic field and endogenous pH stimuli. Simultaneously, in response to the acidic tumor microenvironment, Fe3O4/Au@C-DOX nanocomposites are released and exhibit excellent performance in cellular internalization through a virus-mimetic rough surface. Furthermore, the in vivo experiments identify that the unique nanomedicine is bestowed with an effective targeting tumor, prominent antitumor efficacy, and reduced systemic toxicity. Such a bioinspired hierarchical targeting nanoplatform holds promising potential for enhanced chemotherapeutic intracellular delivery and tumor theranostics.

7.
Int J Mol Sci ; 22(19)2021 Oct 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34639068

RESUMO

Polygalacturonase (PG, EC 3.2.1.15) is a crucial enzyme for pectin degradation and is involved in various developmental processes such as fruit ripening, pollen development, cell expansion, and organ abscission. However, information on the PG gene family in the maize (Zea mays L.) genome and the specific members involved in maize anther development are still lacking. In this study, we identified 55 PG family genes from the maize genome and further characterized their evolutionary relationship and expression patterns. Phylogenetic analysis revealed that ZmPGs are grouped into six Clades, and gene structures of the same Clade are highly conserved, suggesting their functional conservation. The ZmPGs are randomly distributed across maize chromosomes, and collinearity analysis showed that many ZmPGs might be derived from tandem duplications and segmental duplications, and these genes are under purifying selection. Furthermore, gene expression analysis provided insights into possible functional divergence among ZmPGs. Based on the RNA-seq data analysis, we found that many ZmPGs are expressed in various tissues while 18 ZmPGs are highly expressed in maize anther, and their detailed expression profiles in different anther developmental stages were further investigated by using RT-qPCR analysis. These results provide valuable information for further functional characterization and application of the ZmPGs in maize.


Assuntos
Genes de Plantas , Genoma de Planta , Estudo de Associação Genômica Ampla , Genômica , Poligalacturonase/genética , Zea mays/genética , Motivos de Aminoácidos , Substituição de Aminoácidos , Sequência Conservada , Duplicação Gênica , Regulação da Expressão Gênica de Plantas , Genômica/métodos , Família Multigênica , Mutação , Especificidade de Órgãos , Filogenia , Desenvolvimento Vegetal , Seleção Genética , Estresse Fisiológico , Zea mays/classificação
8.
Chem Asian J ; 2021 Oct 23.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34687500

RESUMO

Monoclinic bismuth vanadate (BiVO4 ) has been used as an efficient photoanode material for photoelectrochemical water oxidation owing to its suitable band gap and nontoxicity. Nevertheless, the practical application of BiVO4 photoanode has been severely limited by the surface charge recombination and sluggish kinetic, which leads to the obtained photoactivity of BiVO4 is much lower than its theoretical value. In this case, ZnCoFe-LDH thin layer is conformally decorated on the porous BiVO4 photoanode through a simple electrodeposition process. The results show that a boosted photoactivity and a remarkably enhanced photocurrent density (3.43 mA cm-2 at 1.23 VRHE ) are attained for BiVO4 /ZnCoFe-LDH. In addition, the optimized BiVO4 /ZnCoFe-LDH photoanode exhibits significant negative shift in the onset potential (0.51 VRHE to 0.21 VRHE ), promotes charge separation efficiency (49.3% to 60.4% in the bulk, 29.6% to 61.9% on the surface at 1.23 VRHE ) and enhanced IPCE efficiency (25.5% to 54.7% at 425 nm) compared with that of bare BiVO4 photoanode. It is demonstrated that the boosted photoactivity of BiVO4 /ZnCoFe-LDH photoanode is mainly ascribed to the synergy effects of the formation of p-n heterojunction between ZnCoFe-LDH and BiVO4 to accelerate the photogenerated charge transfer and separation, broaden light absorption, as well as promote the surface water oxidation kinetics.

9.
ChemistryOpen ; 10(10): 966-975, 2021 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34596979

RESUMO

Heparan sulfate (HS) interacts with a broad spectrum of inflammatory cytokines, thereby modulating their biological activities. It is believed that there is a structural-functional correlation between each protein and sugar sequences in the HS polysaccharides, however, the information in this regard is limited. In this study, we compared the binding of four inflammatory cytokines (CCL8, IL-1beta, IL-2 and IL-6) to immobilized heparin by an SPR analysis. To define the molecular base of the binding, we used a heparin pentasaccharide as representative structure to dock into the 3D-molecular structure of the cytokines. The results show a discrepancy in KD values obtained by SPR analysis and theoretical calculation, pointing to the importance to apply more than one method when describing affinity between proteins and HS. By cluster analysis of the complex formed between the pentasaccharide and cytokines, we have identified several groups in heparin forming strong hydrogen bonds with all four cytokines, which is a significant finding. This molecular and conformational information should be valuable for rational design of HS/heparin-mimetics to interfere cytokine-HS interactions.

10.
Front Oncol ; 11: 714357, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34476216

RESUMO

Neutrophils are vital components of innate and adaptive immunity. It is widely acknowledged that in various pathological conditions, neutrophils are activated and release condensed DNA strands, triggering the formation of neutrophil extracellular traps (NETs). NETs have been shown to be effective in fighting against microbial infections and modulating the pathogenesis and progression of diseases, including malignant tumors. This review describes the current knowledge on the biological characteristics of NETs. Additionally, the mechanisms of NETs in cancer are discussed, including the involvement of signaling pathways and the crosstalk between other cancer-related mechanisms, including inflammasomes and autophagy. Finally, based on previous and current studies, the roles of NET formation and the potential therapeutic targets and strategies related to NETs in several well-studied types of cancers, including breast, lung, colorectal, pancreatic, blood, neurological, and cutaneous cancers, are separately reviewed and discussed.

11.
Trends Plant Sci ; 2021 Sep 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34561180

RESUMO

Perennial life cycles enable plants to have remarkably long lifespans, as exemplified by trees that can live for thousands of years. For this, they require sophisticated regulatory networks that sense environmental changes and initiate adaptive responses in their growth patterns. Recent research has gradually elucidated fundamental mechanisms underlying the perennial life cycle. Intriguingly, several conserved components of the floral transition pathway in annuals such as Arabidopsis thaliana also participate in these regulatory mechanisms underpinning perenniality. Here, we provide an overview of perennials' physiological features and summarise their recently discovered molecular foundations. We also highlight the importance of deepening our understanding of perenniality in the development of perennial grain crops, which are promising elements of future sustainable agriculture.

12.
Chem Asian J ; 16(23): 3817-3832, 2021 Dec 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34585842

RESUMO

Two-dimensional (2D) materials possess special physical and chemical properties. They have been proved to have potential application advantage in the microwave absorption (MA) and electromagnetic interference (EMI) shielding. Particularly, they exhibit positive shielding and absorbing response to EMI. Here, the research progress of preparation, electromagnetic performance and microwave shielding/absorbing mechanisms of 2D composite materials are introduced. Effective preparation routes including introducing heteroatoms, constructing unique structures and 2D composite materials are described. Furthermore, the application prospects and challenges for the development of novel EMI materials are expatiated.

13.
ChemSusChem ; 14(22): 5065-5074, 2021 Nov 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34546664

RESUMO

Highly active bifunctional electrocatalysts for water splitting are of particular importance for the widespread usage of renewable energy, which require synergistic effect of ingenious architecture and intrinsic catalytic activity. Herein, a novel Cu-Co-Se nanotube array supported on 3D copper skeleton was synthesized as high-efficiency bifunctional electrocatalyst for overall water splitting via a facile two-step hydrothermal method. The rationally designed Cu-Co-Se nanotube electrocatalyst exhibited good electrocatalytic performance, with overpotential of only 152 mV to generate 10 mA cm-2 for the hydrogen evolution reaction and a small overpotential of 332 mV to drive a current density of 50 mA cm-2 for the oxygen evolution reaction. The good electrocatalytic performance was mainly due to the large electrochemical surface area and electronic coupling synergies triggered by the self-supported bimetallic nanotube architecture. The water splitting system assembled using Cu-Co-Se nanotube as cathode and anode only needed a cell voltage of 1.65 V to drive a current density of 10 mA cm-2 with long durability of 50 h for overall water splitting. Furthermore, density functional theory calculations proved that the existence of electron exchange between the neighboring bimetals as well as the coupling between Cu, Co, and Se contributed to the improvement of the water splitting performance. This work provides a general strategy to develop cost-efficient and geometrically superior bimetallic electrocatalysts toward water splitting for large-scale hydrogen production.

14.
Virus Res ; 306: 198566, 2021 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34582833

RESUMO

Coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19), caused by Severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2), was first reported in Wuhan, China, and rapidly spread throughout the world. This newly emerging pathogen is highly transmittable and can cause fatal disease. More than 35 million cases have been confirmed, with a fatality rate of about 2.9% to October 9, 2020. However, the original and intermediate hosts of SARS-CoV-2 remain unknown. Here, 3160 poultry samples collected from 14 provinces of China between September and December 2019 were tested for SARS-CoV-2 infection. All the samples were SARS-CoV-2 negative, but 593 avian coronaviruses were detected, including 485 avian infectious bronchitis viruses, 72 duck coronaviruses, and 36 pigeon coronaviruses, with positivity rates of 15.35%, 2.28%, and 1.14%, respectively. Our surveillance demonstrates the diversity of avian coronaviruses in China, with higher prevalence rates in some regions. Furthermore, the possibility that SARS-CoV-2 originated from a known avian-origin coronavirus can be preliminarily ruled out. More surveillance of and research into avian coronaviruses are required to better understand the diversity, distribution, cross-species transmission, and clinical significance of these viruses.


Assuntos
Doenças das Aves/virologia , Infecções por Coronavirus/veterinária , Coronavirus/genética , Coronavirus/isolamento & purificação , Variação Genética , Animais , Doenças das Aves/epidemiologia , Galinhas/virologia , China/epidemiologia , Columbidae/virologia , Coronavirus/classificação , Infecções por Coronavirus/epidemiologia , Infecções por Coronavirus/virologia , Patos/virologia , Monitoramento Epidemiológico , Gansos/virologia , Filogenia , Doenças das Aves Domésticas/epidemiologia , Doenças das Aves Domésticas/virologia , SARS-CoV-2/genética , SARS-CoV-2/isolamento & purificação
15.
Int J Mol Sci ; 22(15)2021 Jul 24.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34360681

RESUMO

The function and regulation of lipid metabolic genes are essential for plant male reproduction. However, expression regulation of lipid metabolic genic male sterility (GMS) genes by noncoding RNAs is largely unclear. Here, we systematically predicted the microRNA regulators of 34 maize white brown complex members in ATP-binding cassette transporter G subfamily (WBC/ABCG) genes using transcriptome analysis. Results indicate that the ZmABCG26 transcript was predicted to be targeted by zma-miR164h-5p, and their expression levels were negatively correlated in maize B73 and Oh43 genetic backgrounds based on both transcriptome data and qRT-PCR experiments. CRISPR/Cas9-induced gene mutagenesis was performed on ZmABCG26 and another lipid metabolic gene, ZmFAR1. DNA sequencing, phenotypic, and cytological observations demonstrated that both ZmABCG26 and ZmFAR1 are GMS genes in maize. Notably, ZmABCG26 proteins are localized in the endoplasmic reticulum (ER), chloroplast/plastid, and plasma membrane. Furthermore, ZmFAR1 shows catalytic activities to three CoA substrates in vitro with the activity order of C12:0-CoA > C16:0-CoA > C18:0-CoA, and its four key amino acid sites were critical to its catalytic activities. Lipidomics analysis revealed decreased cutin amounts and increased wax contents in anthers of both zmabcg26 and zmfar1 GMS mutants. A more detailed analysis exhibited differential changes in 54 monomer contents between wild type and mutants, as well as between zmabcg26 and zmfar1. These findings will promote a deeper understanding of miRNA-regulated lipid metabolic genes and the functional diversity of lipid metabolic genes, contributing to lipid biosynthesis in maize anthers. Additionally, cosegregating molecular markers for ZmABCG26 and ZmFAR1 were developed to facilitate the breeding of male sterile lines.


Assuntos
Subfamília G de Transportadores de Cassetes de Ligação de ATP/genética , Aldeído Oxirredutases/genética , Flores/metabolismo , Metabolismo dos Lipídeos , MicroRNAs/metabolismo , Zea mays/metabolismo , Subfamília G de Transportadores de Cassetes de Ligação de ATP/metabolismo , Aldeído Oxirredutases/metabolismo , Flores/genética , Flores/crescimento & desenvolvimento , Regulação da Expressão Gênica de Plantas , Filogenia , Proteínas de Plantas , Pólen/crescimento & desenvolvimento , Pólen/metabolismo , RNA-Seq , Zea mays/genética , Zea mays/crescimento & desenvolvimento
16.
ACS Appl Mater Interfaces ; 13(33): 39738-39747, 2021 Aug 25.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34374508

RESUMO

ZrW2O8/ZrO2 composites with tunable low/near-zero coefficients of thermal expansion (CTE) are promising candidates in several fields including aerospace, precision manufacturing and measurement, electronic circuit, etc., for counteracting the thermal expansion effect. However, bottleneck issues (such as the unstable decomposition of ZrW2O8 phase, manufacturing size limitation, etc.) caused by conventional high-temperature sintering impede the development and application of ZrW2O8/ZrO2. To solve these scientific issues, a methodology integrating hydrothermal assembly with a cold sintering process (CSP) is exploited. The ZrW2O8/ZrO2 composite powders with a mace-like structure, in which the spherical ZrO2 nanoparticles peripherally embed on the rod-like ZrW2O8 matrix particles, are hydrothermally assembled. Then, the relatively dense ZrW2O8/ZrO2 composites with excellent low or even near-zero CTE are successfully achieved by CSP (as low as 190 °C) with a postannealing treatment (550 °C). The evolution of sintering densification, phase composition, and microstructure followed by the fundamental mechanism regarding the hydrothermal assembly of the mace-like structure and densification of CSP are investigated in detail. This research not only effectively overcomes the bottleneck issues of ZrW2O8/ZrO2 via integrating the hydrothermal assembly with the sintering technology at ultralow temperature but also develops a promising prospect for the fabrication of a broader range of metastable functional materials.

17.
Quant Imaging Med Surg ; 11(8): 3619-3628, 2021 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34341736

RESUMO

Background: This study aimed to assess the value of biphasic GA 68-labeled prostate-specific membrane antigen-11 (68Ga-PSMA-11) positron emission tomography/computed tomography (PET/CT) scan in the differential diagnosis and risk stratification of initial primary prostate cancer (PCa). Methods: A total of 51 patients with PCa (8 low- and intermediate-risk PCa patients and 43 high-risk PCa patients) and 36 patients with benign prostate lesions, who underwent standard whole-body imaging and delayed pelvic imaging of 68Ga-PSMA-11 PET/CT, were enrolled in this prospective study. The PET parameters, such as maximum and mean standard uptake value (SUVmax and SUVmean), and maximum and mean standard retention index of PET images were calculated and compared in different prostate lesions. The diagnostic performances of the PET parameters were evaluated by receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curves. Results: All the PET parameters of PCa participants were significantly higher than those of participants with benign prostate lesions (P<0.001). The SUVmean of delayed imaging had the best performance in the diagnosis of PCa with an area under the curve (AUC) of 0.918 (95% CI: 0.858 to 0.977), the sensitivity of 90.0%, and specificity of 83.3%. The SUVmax and SUVmean of high-risk PCa participants were significantly higher than those of low- and intermediate-risk PCa participants (P<0.005). The SUVmax of standard imaging had the best performance in predicting high-risk PCa with an AUC of 0.890 (95% CI: 0.799 to 0.980), a sensitivity of 76.7%, and a specificity of 100.0%. Conclusions: The biphasic 68Ga-PSMA-11 PET/CT scan had good performance in discriminating prostate cancer from benign prostate diseases. The SUVmean of the prostate lesion at delayed imaging of 68Ga-PSMA-11 PET/CT had the best value in the differential diagnosis of PCa, and the SUVmax at standard imaging was most valuable in predicting the risk stratification of PCa.

18.
Adv Mater ; 33(37): e2100866, 2021 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34346090

RESUMO

The removal of low concentration N2 is of great significance and challenging in the industrial production of high-purity O2 . Herein, a chromium-based metal-organic framework, namely, TYUT-96Cr, is reported, which has an unprecedented N2 capture capacity of 37.46 cm3 cm-3 and N2 /O2 (5:95, v/v) selectivity up to 26.95 (298 K and 1 bar), thus setting new benchmarks for all reported metal-organic frameworks and commercially used ones (Li-LSX and 13X). Breakthrough experiments reveal that N2 can be directly extracted from various N2 /O2 (79:21, 50:50, 5:95, and 1:99, v/v) mixtures by this material, affording a record-high O2 -production scale with 99.99% purity. Density functional theory calculations and in situ infrared spectroscopy studies demonstrate that the high-density open Cr (III) sites in TYUT-96Cr can behave as effective Lewis acidic sites, thus resulting in a strong affinity toward N2 . The high N2 adsorption selectivity, exceptional separation performance, and ultrahigh structural stability render this porous material with great potential for this important industrial application.

19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34236170

RESUMO

The development of effective propane (C3H8)-selective adsorbents for the purification of propylene (C3H6) from C3H8/C3H6 mixture is a promising alternative to replace the energy-intensive cryogenic distillation. However, few materials possess the dual desirable features of propane selectivity and high uptake capacity. Here, we report a family of pore-space-partitioned crystalline porous materials (CPM) with remarkable C3H8 uptake capacity (up to 10.9 mmol/g) and the highly desirable yet uncommon C3H8 selectivity (up to 1.54 at 0.1 bar and 1.44 at 1 bar). The selectivity-capacity synergy endows them with record-performing C3H8/C3H6 separation potential (i.e., C3H6 recovered from the mixture). Moreover, these CPMs exhibit outstanding properties including high stability, low regeneration energy, and multimodular chemical and geometrical tunability within the same isoreticular framework. The high C3H8/C3H6 separation performance was further confirmed by the breakthrough experiments.

20.
BMC Genomics ; 22(1): 542, 2021 Jul 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34266380

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Lysine 2-hydroxyisobutyrylation (Khib) is a newly discovered protein posttranslational modification (PTM) and is involved in the broad-spectrum regulation of cellular processes that are found in both prokaryotic and eukaryotic cells, including in plants. The Chinese herb rhubarb (Dahuang) is one of the most widely used traditional Chinese medicines in clinical applications. To better understand the physiological activities and mechanism of treating diseases with the herb, it is necessary to conduct intensive research on rhubarb. However, Khib modification has not been reported thus far in rhubarb. RESULTS: In this study, we performed the first global analysis of Khib-modified proteins in rhubarb by using sensitive affinity enrichment combined with high-accuracy HPLC-MS/MS tandem spectrometry. A total of 4333 overlapping Khib modification peptides matched on 1525 Khib-containing proteins were identified in three independent tests. Bioinformatics analysis showed that these Khib-containing proteins are involved in a wide range of cellular processes, particularly in protein biosynthesis and central carbon metabolism and are distributed mainly in chloroplasts, cytoplasm, nucleus and mitochondria. In addition, the amino acid sequence motif analysis showed that a negatively charged side chain residue (E), a positively charged residue (K), and an uncharged residue with the smallest side chain (G) were strongly preferred around the Khib site, and a total of 13 Khib modification motifs were identified. These identified motifs can be classified into three motif patterns, and some motif patterns are unique to rhubarb and have not been identified in other plants to date. CONCLUSIONS: A total of 4333 Khib-modified peptides on 1525 proteins were identified. The Khib-modified proteins are mainly distributed in the chloroplast, cytoplasm, nucleus and mitochondria, and involved in a wide range of cellular processes. Moreover, three types of amino acid sequence motif patterns, including EKhib/KhibE, GKhib and k.kkk….Khib….kkkkk, were extracted from a total of 13 Khib-modified peptides. This study provides comprehensive Khib-proteome resource of rhubarb. The findings from the study contribute to a better understanding of the physiological roles of Khib modification, and the Khib proteome data will facilitate further investigations of the roles and mechanisms of Khib modification in rhubarb.


Assuntos
Haemophilus influenzae tipo b , Rheum , China , Haemophilus influenzae tipo b/metabolismo , Lisina/metabolismo , Processamento de Proteína Pós-Traducional , Proteoma/metabolismo , Rheum/metabolismo , Espectrometria de Massas em Tandem
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